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Leasing News is a website that posts information, news, and
entertainment for the commercial alternate financing,
bank, finance and leasing industries

kitmenkin@leasingnews.org
   

Senior Leader
Vendor Services/Equipment Lease Finance/Operations

Lead and further develop the Tandem Finance
existing vendor services/ops organization
Small ticket, Vendor based originations model
Direct Lender, 38 years established publicly
traded parent organization
Located in The Woodlands, TX (HOU area)
Reporting to President
Salary/Bonus/Benefits

Bring your Passion, Experience and Enthusiasm
to our rapidly expanding business in this senior level role.
Reply to: msheehan@tandemfinance.com

Monday, March 16, 2020



Today's Leasing News Headlines

Fed slashes rates to near zero, eases bank lending rules
   Three Full Actions from Fed Follow---
Gov. Newsom orders California bars, nightclubs, wineries, brewpubs to close
   Restaurants to reduce occupancy to half; tells residents over 65 to home isolate

   4 states issue similar orders
Looking to Improve Your Career
   Post a Free Position Wanted Here
Top Ten Stories
   March 9 - March 13
Virtual Private Network for Work-at-Home
   Inexpensive/Easy to Download and Install
The One Who Stayed Away to Save the Rest
   Symbolic Illustration
Leasing Industry Ads---Help Wanted
   Vendor Services/Equipment Lease Finance/Operations
It IS Pretty Simple
   The Ultimate Hire by Ken Lubin, ZRG Partners
Companies who notify lessee in advance
   of lease expiration
Marlin Business Services 10-K Report
   Year-end December 31, 2019 (highlights plus full report)
I’m Going to the store…
   Cartoon
Update Re-Scheduling of Secured Finance Network Events
   Complete Leasing News Schedule from Friday Follows
Labrador Retriever/Mixed
   San Diego, California   Adopt a Dog
History of Pandemics
   with Timeline
News Briefs---
Pritzker orders shutdown of all bars and restaurants
   Orders doubling of federal immigration staff at O'Hare
Coronavirus screening causes massive bottlenecks
   at O’Hare and other U.S. airports
Google says it’s not publishing a national-scale coronavirus site
  anytime soon after Trump announcement
Stanford tells students to leave campus
    after undergrad tests positive for COVID-19
Apple closes all stores outside China
    over coronavirus
Short-staffed and undersupplied: Coronavirus crisis strains
   Seattle area’s capacity to deliver care
Realtors: Housing Market Crash Will Last Long
  After Coronavirus Is Gone
NYC schools will close to April 20
   — and possibly the rest of the school yea

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months

www.leasingcomplaints.com (Be Careful of Doing Business)
www.evergreenleasingnews.org
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device


May Have Missed
 Poem
  Sports Brief----
   California Nuts Brief---
    "Gimme that Wine"
     This Day in History
      SuDoku
       Daily Puzzle
        GasBuddy
         Weather, USA or specific area
          Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.



Please send a colleague and ask them to subscribe. We are free
Email kitmenkin@leasingnews.org and in subject line: subscribe


[headlines]

--------------------------------------------------------------

Fed slashes rates to near zero, eases bank lending rules
   Three Full Actions from Fed Follow---
https://www.marketplace.org/2020/03/15/fed-slashes-rates-to-near-zero-eases-bank-lending-rules/


Federal Reserve issues FOMC statement
https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20200315a.htm

Coordinated Central Bank Action
to Enhance the Provision of U.S. Dollar Liquidity
https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20200315c.htm

Federal Reserve Actions to Support
the Flow of Credit to Households and Businesses
https://www.federalreserve.gov/newsevents/pressreleases/monetary20200315b.htm


[headlines]

--------------------------------------------------------------

Gov. Newsom oeders California bars, wineries, breweries, nightclubs, pubs to close,
     Restaurants to reduce occupancy to half; tells residents over 65 to home isolate
https://www.sacbee.com/news/coronavirus/article241212146.html


4 states close bars and restaurants to combat coronavirus

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/03/15/coronavirus-bars-restaurants-closed-states/5055634002/

[headlines]
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Looking to Improve Your Career
   Post a Free Position Wanted Here



Free Career Positon Wanted goes into our Classified Ad section here
http://leasingnews.org/Classified/Jwanted/Jwanted.htm

It also runs once a week in the News Edition.

Use your personal email address only. We encourage you to add a resume, although not necessary. If you do so, please make sure your name, address and telephone number are not included. If so, we will delete them. The reason is once the resume is placed on line: it remains in Google, as well in Leasing News Editions’ archives. A search of your name will bring up your posting, which will have your address and telephone number for years to come.

It is also a good idea to create an email for the ad specifically that you can delete after use.
This is “free” to those looking for a new position. Each ad is limited to (100) words.

To post your free position wanted, please email: kitmenkin@leasingnews.org


 

[headlines]
--------------------------------------------------------------

Top Ten Stories
March 9 - March 13

(Stories most opened by readers)

(1) Conferences/Meetings Closing
             Update
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_09.htm#conferences

(2) No Need to Panic
  Cartoon
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_13.htm#panic

(3) Kote Flosse Twitter: Correction, He Resigned
       Three Executives No Longer at Currency
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_13.htm#flosse

(4) Currency Makes Executives Changes
       Under New Management
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_11.htm#currency

(5) NEFA Cancels March 25 – 27 San Antonio, Conference
       Letter from Mike Toglia, Executive Director
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_11.htm#nefa

(6) New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
       and Related Industries
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_13.htm#hires

(7) SFNet Coronavirus Statement
       from Richard_Gumbrecht@SFNet.com
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_09.htm#sfnet

(8) You Can’t Always Control Who Walks into Your Life
        Placard
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_11.htm#placard

(9) Leasing and Finance Companies Meeting Announcements
  (Closed, Open, or Postponed. Alphabetically. Abbreviated.)
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_13.htm#meetings

(10) "Flattening the Curve"
    Controlling the Spread of Coronavirus
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_13.htm#flat


[headlines]
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Virtual Private Network for Work-at-Home
Inexpensive/Easy to Download and Install


(Graphic by Michel Bakni from Wikipedia)

Most home access is unsecured where a hacker or another party cannot just connect to the user,  the users' company network or school or college network.

"A virtual private network (VPN) extends a private network across a public network and enables users to send and receive data across shared or public networks as if their computing devices were directly connected to the private network. Applications running on a computing device, e.g., a laptop, desktop, smartphone, across a VPN may therefore benefit from the functionality, security, and management of the private network. Encryption is a common, though not an inherent, part of a VPN connection.

"VPN technology was developed to allow remote users and branch offices to access corporate applications and resources. To ensure security, the private network connection is established using an encrypted layered tunneling protocol and VPN users use authentication methods, including passwords or certificates, to gain access to the VPN."  (1)

If you access your bank, Amazon, or other sites without a secondary code access, you should have VPN on your computer, laptop, and cell phone. There are monthly rates as well as other methods, such as through your firewall, should have one installed. But the main purpose today is for protection from being easily hacked directly or your company being hacked through your connection with them.

Illustrates and Explains What VPN is (promotes its service):
https://www.expressvpn.com/what-is-vpn

Cnet lists best VPN companies and explains their features:
https://www.cnet.com/news/best-vpn-services-2020-directory/

Easy VPN Download (and for other devices/platforms)
https://nordvpn.com/download/

NordVPN pricing
https://nordvpn.com/pricing/

(Consult your web technician. Leasing News is not promoting one company over another, only offering a recommendation, especially for those working from home or a location away from main office, to install VPN.)

(1)  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Virtual_private_network

 


[headlines]
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The One Who Stayed Away to Save the Rest

[headlines]
--------------------------------------------------------------

Help Wanted

Senior Leader
Vendor Services/Equipment Lease Finance/Operations

Lead and further develop the Tandem Finance
existing vendor services/ops organization
Small ticket, Vendor based originations model
Direct Lender, 38 years established publicly
traded parent organization
Located in The Woodlands, TX (HOU area)
Reporting to President
Salary/Bonus/Benefits

Bring your Passion, Experience and Enthusiasm
to our rapidly expanding business in this senior level role.
Reply to: msheehan@tandemfinance.com



[headlines]
--------------------------------------------------------------

It IS Pretty Simple

The Ultimate Hire by Ken Lubin, ZRG Partners

We have lost the ability to think that hard work pays off.

We live in a world of instant gratification and everyone expects to be able to get what they want without working for it. I don't understand this philosophy. When did working hard for something become old school? In order to be the best athlete, business person, doctor, or overall awesome human being, you must work your ass off!

Many people will say that working smart is a better way, which it can be, but you can't just work smart without working hard, to get what you want.

If you think Warren Buffett, Steve Jobs, Einstein, Michael Jordan, Wayne Gretzky, and Greg Lemond got to where they are by just working smart, you are mistaken. They are some of the hardest working individuals to ever walk the planet. To be the best and to reach your goals, the number one thing is working your ass off!

klubin@zrgpartners.com

"What is the Ultimate Hire? The Ultimate Hire is the professional that every business, team or leader needs in their organization. This is the high performance individual that always rises to the top, brings the team to the next level and can significantly add to the bottom line. The Ultimate Hire is the person that you can't afford to be without. Finding, Attracting, Hiring and Retaining these professionals is critical to the success of your business. We have identified these traits and can help you find these top professionals."


[headlines]
--------------------------------------------------------------

Companies who notify lessee in advance
of lease expiration

American Leasefund, Inc.
BancLease Acceptance Corporation
Bankers Capital
Equipment Finance
Black Rock Capital
BSB Leasing
Calfund
Capital Technology & Leasing, LLC
Cobra Capital, LLC
Dakota Financial, LLC
Direct Capital
eLease
Financial Pacific Leasing
First Midwest Equipment Finance
Forum Financial Services, Inc.
Gonor Funding
GreatAmerica Financial

Innovative Lease Services, Inc.
Lease-$mart
Madison Capital
Macrolease Corporation
Manufacturer's Lease Plans, Inc
(Microfinancial)/TimePayment
Navitas Lease Corp.
NewLane Finance
Northwest Leasing Company
P&L Capital Corporation
Pacifica Capital
Padco Financial Services
Pawnee Leasing Corporation
Southern California Leasing, Inc
Specialty Funding, Albuquerque, New Mexico
Standard Professional Services, LLC
TEAM Funding Solutions


These companies do not use language to confuse or deceive, resulting in an automatic continuation of the lease for an additional twelve months of payments. They do not invoke evergreen twelve months of payments on a $1.00 purchase option or an Equipment Finance Agreement.

In its editorial of June 30, 2011, Leasing News recommended that the equipment lessor send a certified letter with return receipt. However, at this time, the acceptance of the word of the president of the company will be accepted until proven otherwise.

http://leasingnews.org/archives/Jun2011/6_30.htm#editorial

Full List:
http://leasingnews.org/Pages/lease_expiration.html

[headlines]
--------------------------------------------------------------

Marlin Business Services 10-K Report
Year-end December 31, 2019 (highlights plus full report)

Portfolio Overview

At December 31, 2019, we had approximately 91,000 active Equipment Finance leases and loans in our portfolio, representing a period ending net investment in Equipment Finance lease and loans, excluding the allowance for credit losses, of $967.0 million. With respect to our portfolio at December 31, 2019:

  • the average original Equipment Finance lease and loan transaction was approximately $16,000, with an average remaining balance of approximately $12,000;

  • the average original Equipment Finance lease and loan term was approximately 49 months;

  • our active Equipment Finance lease and loans were spread among approximately 77,000 different small business customers, with the largest single small business customer accounting for only 0.20% of the aggregate Equipment Finance minimum lease and loan payments receivable;

  • over 74.0% of the aggregate minimum Equipment Finance lease and loan payments receivable were with small business customers who had been in business for more than five years;

  • the portfolio was spread among 11,744 origination partners, with the largest source accounting for only 3.82% of the aggregate Equipment Finance minimum lease and loan payments receivable, and our 10 largest origination partners accounting for only 16.5% of the aggregate Equipment Finance minimum lease and loan payments receivable;

  • there were over 100 different equipment categories financed, with the largest categories set forth as follows, as a percentage of the December 31, 2019 aggregate Equipment Finance minimum lease and loan payments receivable:


Page 7

        
We had leases outstanding with small business customers located in all 50 states and the District of Columbia, with our largest states of origination set forth below, as a percentage of the December 31, 2019 aggregate minimum lease payments receivable:


Page 8

 As of December 31, 2019, the Company had approximately 1,700 Working Capital Loans with a book value of $60.9 million on the balance sheet. Approximately 50% of our Working Capital Loan customers renew financing with Marlin.

 ---------

Provision for credit losses. The following table summarizes the activity in our allowance for credit losses for the respective periods:


page 42

The provision for credit losses increased $8.5 million, or 43.6%, to $28.0 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, from $19.5 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. Our provision for credit losses is charged against earnings to maintain our allowance at the appropriate level based on the projected probable net credit losses inherent in our portfolio. Our projection of probable net credit losses incorporates a migration analysis, which is partially based on the delinquency status of the portfolio as of the measurement date, as well as consideration of multiple qualitative factors.

The increase in our provision for credit losses was driven in part by higher delinquency experience in the portfolio as of December 31, 2019, resulting in a higher projection of expected credit losses. In addition, the increase in the provision was partially driven by replenishing the allowance from a higher charge-off experience.

As of December 31, 2019, delinquent accounts 60 days or more past due (as a percentage of minimum lease payments receivable for leases and as a percentage of principal outstanding for loans) were 0.85%, compared to 0.65% at December 31, 2018. This trend in higher delinquency experience is consistent with the trends for aging of receivables in the equipment leasing industry, as published in the Monthly Leasing and Finance Index (MLFI-25) of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association.

Net charge-offs were $22.4 million for the year ended December 31, 2019, compared to $18.3 million for the year ended December 31, 2018. Net charge-offs as a percentage of average total finance receivables increased to 2.18% during the year ended December 31, 2019, from 1.93% for the year ended December 31, 2018. Industry data on average charge-offs from MLFI-25 indicates an 9.4% increase in net charge-offs as a percent of receivables for peers, while our increase in net charge-off percentage is 13.0%. Our analysis of our higher charge-off experience indicates that the small business and lower credit quality borrowers in our portfolio were disproportionately impacted by the economic headwinds observed in 2019, particularly in the second-half of the year. Both 2019 and 2018 include charge-offs related to fraudulent activity of single vendor partners (separate incidents) of $0.9 million and $1.2 million respectively.


page 65

The following table summarizes the Company’s non-interest income for the periods presented:


page 81

Marlin 10K 120 pages plus Exhibits and Statements
http://www.snl.com/Cache/IRCache/c3d76d326-4622-c5cd-4669-b804085078ca.html


 

[headlines]
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[headlines]
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##### Press Release ############################

Update Re-Scheduling of Secured Finance Network Events
Complete Leasing News Schedule from Friday Follows

While the health and safety of our community remains our number one priority, the ability to communicate mission critical information and stay connected during this time of disruption is also paramount. After careful consideration, Secured Finance Network (SFNet) has made the decision to postpone or restructure all in-person events through June, 2020 in response to the Coronavirus pandemic. As additional details regarding changes to these specific programs become available, we will communicate them to you and post updates to the events page on SFNet.com.

Independent Finance Conference

  • Re-scheduled in-person (late July)
  • Plus new 2 hour webinar on original event date (April 1)

International Lending Conference

  • Re-scheduled in-person (late summer)
  • Plus new 2 hour webinar on original event date (May 12)

FinTech & Innovation Forum

  • Reformatting to a series of webinars (Beginning June 11)

Women in Secured Finance Conference

  • Re-scheduled in-person (late summer)

40 Under 40 Celebration

  • Re-scheduled in-person (late summer)

Retail & Consumer Conference

  • Reformatting to a series of webinars (Beginning June 25)

In-person Education classes (see SFNet.com)

Although social distancing is important right now, we understand that this poses significant business challenges. In light of the extraordinary upheaval impacting our industry and the economy as a whole, having access to timely, relevant information is vital. To that end, in addition to reformatting existing programs to virtual venues, SFNet will be adding a series of webinars on critical topics to keep our network plugged in to emerging issues affecting the secured finance community. Stay tuned for more details.

In this unprecedented time, we appreciate your flexibility and understanding and share your commitment to putting capital to work.

Richard_Gumbrecht@SFNet.com

 

Leasing and Finance Companies Meeting Announcements
(Closed, Open, or Postponed. Alphabetically. Abbreviated.)
http://leasingnews.org/archives/Mar2020/03_13.htm#meetings

### Press Release ############################

[headlines]
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Labrador Retriever/Mixed
San Diego, California   Adopt a Dog


Sake

Male
4 Years old
75 lbs.
Good with Dogs
House Trained

Sake is a courtesy post only and is not a Second Chance Dog Rescue dog, and SCDR is not responsible for any ownership, behavior, health, and representations made by the poster with respect to this dog; you will have to contact The Animal Pad directly at www.theanimalpad.org for further details and information.

Meet Sake! is a sweet 75lb 4yr old Lab mix. He is Microchipped, Neutered and update on vaccines. There aren’t enough positive words to describe how awesome this boy is. He is potty trained and crate trained and loves being around people, but he is also great just hanging out by himself.

He enjoys relaxing outside in the sun or loafing around in his crate. He is very well behaved and very smart, he actually listens to what you say and when you say it. We are pretty sure he understands about 300 human words. He is in a house with 7 other foster dogs that are sizes and personalities and gets along with all of them. He has a very calm and relaxed demeanor and is would be a great addition to any family. Because he is a large dog and loves being outside, we would prefer a home with a yard or an active family that will take him for lots of walks. He is also a courtesy post through the animal pad where you can go and put in an application. His adoption fee is $300 and that includes spaying/neutering, shots, and microchip. If you want to take me home, please fill out the form on the animal pad website here: www.theanimalpad.org

Application Form:
https://theanimalpad.org/adopt-today/

Adoptions Team: adoptions@theanimalpad.com

Organization Contact Info:
Second Chance Dog Rescue
2801 B Street, #55
San Diego, CA 92102
(619) 721-3647
apps@secondchancedogrescue.org
http://www.SecondChanceDogRescue.org

[headlines]
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History of Pandemics
with Timeline

(click image to view larger)

Full Story:
https://www.visualcapitalist.com/history-of-pandemics-deadliest/

[headlines]
--------------------------------------------------------------

News Briefs----

Pritzker orders shutdown of all bars and restaurants
 Orders doubling of federal immigration staff at O'Hare
https://www.chicagobusiness.com/greg-hinz-politics/pritzker-orders-shutdown-all-bars-and-restaurants

Coronavirus screening causes massive bottlenecks
   at O’Hare and other U.S. airports
https://www.washingtonpost.com/transportation/2020/03/14/europe-travel-ban-airport-delays/

Google says it’s not publishing a national-scale coronavirus site
  anytime soon after Trump announcement
https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/03/13/google-says-its-not-publishing-a-national-scale-coronavirus-site-anytime-soon-after-trump-announcement/

Stanford tells students to leave campus
    after undergrad tests positive for COVID-19
https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/03/14/stanford-tells-students-to-leave-campus-after-undergrad-tests-positive-for-covid-19/

Apple closes all stores outside China
    over coronavirus
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/apple-closes-all-stores-outside-china-coronavirus/

Short-staffed and undersupplied: Coronavirus crisis strains
   Seattle area’s capacity to deliver care
https://www.seattletimes.com/seattle-news/health/short-staffed-and-undersupplied-coronavirus-crisis-strains-seattle-areas-capacity-to-deliver-care/

Realtors: Housing Market Crash Will Last Long
  After Coronavirus Is Gone
https://www.ccn.com/realtors-housing-market-crash-will-last-long-after-coronavirus-is-gone/

NYC schools will close to April 20
— and possibly the rest of the school yea
https://nypost.com/2020/03/15/coronavirus-in-ny-nyc-schools-will-close/

 

 

 

[headlines]
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You May Have Missed---

More than 2,600 stores are closing in 2020
   as the retail apocalypse drags on. Here's the full list.
https://www.businessinsider.sg/stores-closing-in-2020-list-2020-1

[headlines]
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In Bed All Day

You get to stay in bed all day.
You get to watch TV
Or lay around or read a book.
Your time is really free.

Forget your work, your empty desk
With files stacked to the ceiling
And loads of e-mails to be read.
We know how you are feeling.

Just settle back and rest a while.
We promise you no flack.
But when your rest is over, well,
We really need you back!

by Denise Rodgers

[headlines]
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NFL player vote ratifies new CBA through 2030 season
http://www.nfl.com/news/story/0ap3000001106246/article/nfl-player-vote-ratifies-new-cba-through-2030-season

49ers say “no” to Tom Brady
https://profootballtalk.nbcsports.com/2020/03/15/49ers-say-no-to-tom-brady/

Titans ignore Tom Brady and sign Ryan Tannehill
  to reported $118m deal
https://www.theguardian.com/sport/2020/mar/15/ryan-tannehill-tennessee-titans-tom-brady-free-agency-nfl

Jack Nicklaus doesn't believe Masters will be played this year
https://www.golfchannel.com/news/jack-nicklaus-doesnt-believe-masters-will-be-played-year


[headlines]
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California Nuts Briefs---

As Bay Area schools shut down, students face
   wide disparities in online education plans
https://www.mercurynews.com/2020/03/15/coronavirus-bay-area-schools-close-online-education/

Seven major Tahoe-area ski resorts are closing
    to halt spread of coronavirus
https://www.sacbee.com/news/coronavirus/article241204591.html?


[headlines]

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“Gimme that Wine”

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EJnQoi8DSE8

Maison Louis Roederer to purchase
  Napa Valley’s Diamond Creek Vineyards
https://www.sfchronicle.com/wine/article/Maison-Louis-Roederer-to-purchase-Napa-Valley-s-15127087.php

Free Wine App
https://www.nataliemaclean.com/mobileapp/

Wine Prices by vintage
http://www.winezap.com
http://www.wine-searcher.com/

US/International Wine Events
http://www.localwineevents.com/

Leasing News Wine & Spirits Page
http://two.leasingnews.org/Recommendations/wnensprts.htm

[headlines]
----------------------------------------------------------------

This Day in History

      1565 - Smoking of tobacco was introduced to England by John Hawkins. Hawkins was primarily a slave trader, carrying Africans to the West Indies. Most of his dealings were with the Spanish in the West Indies, but during his second trip to the region, he visited the small French colony in Florida and learned to smoke tobacco from the colonists, who had learned from the Indians. Hawkins returned to Eng­land with a shipload of tobacco. He described the Indian use of the plant this way: “The Floridians when they travel have a kind of herb dried, who with a cane and an earthen cap in the end, with fire, and dried herbs put together, doe sucke thorow the cane the smoke thereof, which smoke satisfieth their hun­ger, and therwith they live foure or five days without meat or drinke, and this all the Frenchmen used for this purpose.”
    1621 - The first Indian appeared to colonists in Plymouth, Massachusetts. An unidentified Pilgrim had gone out fowling and, near a creek about a mile and a half from the plantation, twelve Pilgrims passed near the place he was hiding. He rushed back to Plymouth and raised the alarm. Myles Standish and Francis Cooke, who had been working in the woods when the alarm went out, rushed back to the little community, leaving their tools behind them. The colonists armed themselves and went back to the place where the Indians had been seen, but found none. In the evening, the men built a great fire near the place where the Indians had been seen.  Supposedly, Samoset, a Mohican, visited the settlers with the greeting, "Welcome, Englishmen! My name is Samoset."
    1687 - Father Eusebio Kino (1645-1711), 42, was an Italian-born Jesuit missionary, geographer, explorer, cartographer and astronomer in the service of Spain.  For the last 24 years of his life he worked in the region then known as the Pimeria Alta, modern-day Sonora, Mexico and southern Arizona. He explored the region and worked with the indigenous population, including primarily the Sobaipuri and other Upper Piman groups. He proved that Baja California is not an island by leading an overland expedition there. By the time of his death he had established 24 missions and visitas (country chapels or visiting stations.)
http://www.azcentral.com/news/specials/azhistory/02086kino0210.html
http://www.desertusa.com/mag98/april/papr/du_kino.html
http://www.nps.gov/tuma/Father_Kino.html
http://discoverseaz.com/History/Kino.html
    1751 – James Madison (d. 1836), the 4th President, was born in Port Conway, Virginia Colony.  He is hailed as the "Father of the Constitution" for his pivotal role in drafting and promoting the Constitution and Bill of Rights.  He served as both a member of the Virginia House of Delegates and as a member of the Continental Congress prior to the Constitutional Convention. After the Convention, he became one of the leaders in the movement to ratify it, both nationally and in Virginia. His collaboration with Hamilton and Jay produced “The Federalist Papers,” among the most important treatises in support of the Constitution. Madison changed his political views during his life. During deliberations on the Constitution, he favored a strong national government, but later preferred stronger state governments, before settling between the two extremes late in his life.  In 1789, Madison became a leader in the new House of Representatives, drafting many basic laws. He is noted for drafting the first ten amendments to the Constitution, and thus is known also as the "Father of the Bill of Rights."  He worked closely with President Washington to organize the new federal government. Breaking with Hamilton and the Federalist Party in 1791, he and Thomas Jefferson organized the Democratic-Republican Party. In response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, Jefferson and Madison drafted the Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions arguing that states can nullify unconstitutional laws.  As Jefferson's Secretary of State (1801–09), Madison supervised the Louisiana Purchase, which doubled the nation's size. Madison succeeded Jefferson as President in 1809, was re-elected in 1813, and presided over renewed prosperity for several years. After the failure of diplomatic protests and a trade embargo against England, he led the U.S. into the War of 1812. The war was an administrative morass, as the United States had neither a strong army nor financial system. As a result, Madison afterward supported a stronger national government and a strong military, as well as the national bank, which he had long opposed.
    1789 - Young Enoch Brooks inscribed his name in this children's Bible in Princeton, New Jersey. Now a rare artifact of Americana, Brooks' book is one of four extant copies of “A Curious Hieroglyphick Bible.” With nearly five hundred woodcuts by American artists, this Bible was the most ambitious woodcut volume produced in America up to that time. He was not only a prolific printer of children’s books but at one time owned more than 20 book stores in the Boston, MA area. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/mar13.html
    1791 - Thomas Paine's “The Rights of Man” was published in London.  Consisting of 31 articles, it posits that popular political revolution is permissible when a government does not safeguard the natural rights of its people.  Paine argues that the interests of the monarch and his people are united, and insists that the French Revolution should be understood as one which attacks the despotic principles of the French monarchy, not the king himself, and he takes the Bastille, the main prison in Paris, to symbolize the despotism that had been overthrown.  Human rights originate in Nature thus, rights cannot be granted via political charter, because that implies that rights are legally revocable, and, as a result, would be privileges:  It is a perversion of terms to say that a charter gives rights. It operates by a contrary effect - that of taking rights away. Rights are inherently in all the inhabitants; but charters, by annulling those rights, in the majority, leave the right, by exclusion, in the hands of a few.  They consequently are instruments of injustice.  The fact, therefore, must be that the individuals, themselves, each, in his own personal and sovereign right, entered into a contract with each other to produce a government: and this is the only mode in which governments have a right to arise, and the only principle on which they have a right to exist.  Government's sole purpose is safeguarding the individual and his/her inherent, inalienable rights; each societal institution that does not benefit the nation is illegitimate, especially monarchy and aristocracy.  “Rights of Man” concludes in proposing practical reformations of English government: “a written constitution composed by a national assembly, in the American mold; the elimination of aristocratic titles, because democracy is incompatible with primogeniture, which leads to the despotism of the family; a national budget without allotted military and war expenses; lower taxes for the poor, and subsidised education for them; and a progressive income tax weighted against wealthy estates to prevent the emergence of a hereditary aristocracy.”
http://odur.let.rug.nl/~usa/D/1776-1800/paine/ROM/rofmxx.htm
http://www.infidels.org/library/historical/thomas_paine/rights_of_man/part1.html
http://www.bol.ucla.edu/~dino55/rightsofman.htm
    1798 - Birthday of Abigail Fillmore (d. 1853), first wife of Millard Fillmore, 13th president of the US, at Stillwater, NY. It is said that the White House was without any books until Abigail Fillmore, formerly a teacher, made a room on the second floor into a library. Within a year, Congress appropriated $250 for the president to spend on books for the White House.
    1802 - The Army Corps of Engineers was established by Congress to found and operate the United States Military Academy--the first military school in the United States--for the purpose of educating and training young men in the theory and practice of military science. Located at West Point, New York, the U.S. Military Academy is often simply known as West Point.  The Continental Army first occupied West Point, New York, on 27 January 1778; and is the oldest continuously-operating Army post in the United States.  Between 1778 and 1780, the Polish engineer and military hero Tadeusz Kosciuszko oversaw the construction of the garrison defenses.  The Great Hudson River Chain and high ground above the narrow "S" curve in the river enabled the Continental Army to prevent British Royal Navy ships from sailing upriver and thus dividing the Colonies.  As commander of the fortifications at West Point, Benedict Arnold committed his act of treason, attempting to sell the fort to the British.  After Arnold betrayed the patriot cause, the Army changed the name of the fortifications at West Point, New York, to Fort Clinton.  With the peace after the American Revolutionary War, various ordnance and military stores were left deposited at West Point.
    1802 - Absalom Jones (1746-1818) was ordained as the first Black priest in Episcopal Church in the US.
http://www.ube.org/abjones.htm
http://www.justus.anglican.org/resources/bio/98.html
http://www.satucket.com/lectionary/Absalom_Jones.htm
http://www.io.com/~kellywp/LesserFF/Feb/AbsJones.html
http://david-alexander.tripod.com/id117.htm
    1813 - Lorenzo Delmonico (d. 1881) was born in Marengo, Switzerland.  The original Delmonico's opened in 1827 in a rented pastry shop at 23 William Street in lower Manhattan, and appeared in a list of restaurants in 1830. It was opened by the brothers John and Peter Delmonico, from Ticino, Switzerland. In 1831, they were joined by their nephew, Lorenzo Delmonico, who eventually became responsible for the restaurant's wine list and menu. He soon transformed the business into one of the first, best, most elegant and famous restaurants in the country, Delmonico’s. Lorenzo was not a chef, but he purchased the food and created the very extensive menu. He helped make the concept of the 'restaurant' an acceptable and successful one.  The business was so successful that from 1865 to 1888 it expanded to four restaurants of the same name. At various times, there were Delmonico's at ten locations. Delmonico's vacated the six-story Delmonico Building at Fifth Avenue and 26th Street in 1899. The edifice was sold to John B. Martin, owner of the Martin Hotel, in May 1901.  In 1919, Edward L.C. Robins purchased Delmonico's, only to see it closed in 1923 as a result of changing dining habits due to Prohibition. That location was the final incarnation of Delmonico's with continuity to the original.  The current Delmonico’s is at 56 Beaver Street.
http://www.cbbqa.com/delmonico/Filippini.html
http://www.cbbqa.com/delmonico/Steak.html
http://www.cbbqa.com/delmonico/Potatoes.html
http://www.infoplease.com/spot/foodnames.html
    1827 – The first black-owned newspaper in the US, "Freedom's Journal" began publishing.  Founded by Rev. Peter Williams, Jr. and other free black men in New York City, it intended to appeal to the 300,000 free blacks in the Northern United States, most of whom were freed after the Revolution by state abolition laws.  Manumissions in the South after the war increased the proportion of free blacks from less than 1% to nearly 10% of the black population in the Upper South. In New York State, a gradual emancipation law was passed in 1799, granting freedom to children born to slaves. Its "gradual" provisions meant that the last slaves were not freed until 1827, the year the paper was founded.
    1836 - Houston retreats from Santa Anna's army. Less than a week after the disastrous defeat of Texas rebels at the Alamo, the newly-commissioned Texan General Sam Houston begins a series of strategic retreats to buy time to train his ill-prepared army. Revolutionary Texans had only formally announced their independence from Mexico 11 days earlier. On March 6, 1836, the separatists chose Sam Houston to be the commander-in-chief of the revolutionary army. Houston immediately departed for Gonzales, Texas, where the main force of the revolutionary army was stationed. When he arrived, he found that the Texan army consisted of 374 poorly dressed and ill-equipped men. Most had no guns or military experience, and they had only two days of rations. Houston had little time to dwell on the situation, because he learned that the Mexican general Santa Anna was staging a siege of the Alamo in San Antonio. Before Houston could prepare his troops to rush to aid the defenders, however, word arrived that Santa Anna had wiped them out on March 6. Scouts reported that Santa Anna's troops were heading east toward Gonzales. Unprepared to confront the Mexican army with his poorly trained force, Houston began a series of strategic retreats designed to give him enough time to whip his army into fighting shape. Houston's decision to retreat won him little but scorn from the Texas rebels. His troops and officers were eager to engage the Mexicans, and they chafed at Houston's insistence on learning proper field maneuvers. Houston wisely continued to organize, train, and equip his troops so they would be prepared to meet Santa Anna's army. Finally, after nearly a month of falling back, Houston ordered his men to turn around and head south to meet Santa Anna's forces. On April 21, Houston led his 783 troops in an attack on Santa Anna's force of nearly twice that number near the confluence of Buffalo Bayou and the San Jacinto River. With the famous cry, "Remember the Alamo," the Texans stormed the surprised Mexican forces. After a brief attempt at defense, the Mexican soldiers broke into a disorganized retreat, allowing the Texans to isolate and slaughter them. In a stunning victory, Houston's army succeeded in killing or capturing nearly the entire Mexican force, including General Santa Anna, who was taken prisoner. Only two Texans were killed and 30 wounded. Fearful of execution, Santa Anna signed an order calling for the immediate withdrawal of all Mexican troops from Texas soil. The Mexicans never again seriously threatened the independence of the Lone Star Republic.
    1836 – Andrew Smith Hallidie (d. 1900) was born London.  He was the promoter of the Clay Street Hill Railroad in San Francisco, the world's first practical cable car system, and Hallidie is often therefore regarded as the inventor of the cable car and father of the present day San Francisco cable car system, although both claims are open to dispute. He also introduced the manufacture of wire rope to California, and at an early age, was a prolific builder of bridges in the Californian interior.  Accounts differ as to exactly how involved Hallidie was in the inception of the Clay Street Hill Railway. One version has him taking over the promotion of the line when the original promoter, Benjamin Brooks, failed to raise the necessary capital. In another version, Hallidie was the instigator, inspired by a desire to reduce the suffering incurred by the horses that hauled streetcars up Jackson Street, from Kearny to Stockton Street.  There is also doubt as to when exactly the first run of the cable car occurred. The franchise required a first run no later than August 1, 1873, however at least one source reports that the run took place a day late, on August 2, but that the city chose not to void the franchise. Some accounts say that the first gripman hired by Hallidie looked down the steep hill from Jones and refused to operate the car, so Hallidie took the grip himself and ran the car down the hill and up again without any problems.  However, given Hallidie's previous experience of cables and cable haulage systems, it seems unlikely that he did not contribute to the design of the system.  The Clay Street line started regular service on September 1, 1873 and was a financial success. In addition, Hallidie's patents on the cable car design were stringently enforced on cable car promoters around the world, and made him a rich man. 
    1846 - In San Francisco, Colonel Jose Castro issued a proclamation that declared John Frémont and his party to be a band of highwaymen.  José Castro was a California, born in Monterey, was acting governor of Alta California in 1835-1836, and Commandante General of the Mexican Army in Alta California at the time of the 1846 Bear Flag Revolt and the Mexican-American War of 1846-1848.  In 1844-45, he became a leader of the revolt against Alta California Governor Micheltorena, once again becoming Commandante General of California, checking Fremont’s movements, and leading Alta California forces against the Americans.  Castro Street and the Castro District in San Francisco are named for him.
    1861 – How soon they forget!  Edward Clark became Governor of Texas, replacing Sam Houston, who was evicted from the office for refusing to take an oath of loyalty to the Confederacy.
    1865 - Slaves were assigned to military duty in the Confederate Army by a bill signed by President Jefferson Davis. During the Civil War, blacks not only had related jobs, but also were uniformed soldiers and officers. CSA General Patrick Cleburne had suggested enlisting slaves a year before, but few in the Confederate leadership considered the proposal, since slavery was the foundation of southern society. One politician asked, "What did we go to war for, if not to protect our property?" Another suggested, "If slaves will make good soldiers, our whole theory of slavery is wrong." General Lee weighed in on the issue and asked the Confederate government for help. "We must decide whether slavery shall be extinguished by our enemies and the slaves be used against us, or use them ourselves." Lee asked that the slaves be freed as a condition of fighting, but the bill that passed the Confederate Congress on March 13 did not stipulate freedom for those who served. The measure did nothing to stop the destruction of the Confederacy. Several thousand blacks were enlisted in the Rebel cause, but they could not begin to balance out the nearly 200,000 blacks that fought for the Union.
http://www.rebelgray.com/BlackSoldiers.htm
http://www.nps.gov/apco/blacks.htm
http://www.augustachronicle.com/stories/022199/met_confeds.shtml
http://www.coax.net/people/lwf/burke_cw.htm
http://www.africana.com/archive/dailyarticles/index_20010410.asp
http://www2.netdoor.com/~jgh/mobile.html http://www.theonlinedispatch.com/dans/_disc2/00000142.htm
    1868 - The US Senate began its trial to impeach President Andrew Johnson. For the first time in the nation’s history, a president was impeached. Pres. Johnson was accused by Congress of having violated the Tenure of Office Act of 1867, which forbade the president to discharge any federal officer holder appointed “by and with the consent of the Senate.” Johnson tested the act by removing Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton on February 21. The impeachment was brought largely because the radical Republicans bitterly opposed Johnson’s plans for Reconstruction. Johnson’s firing of Stanton gave them the opportunity they had been seeking. On February 24, the House of Representatives voted to impeach. The US Senate trial began this date. Sworn in as president after Lincoln's assassination in April 1865, President Johnson enacted a lenient Reconstruction policy for the defeated South, including almost total amnesty to ex-Confederates, a program of rapid restoration of U.S.-state status for the seceded states, and the approval of new, local Southern governments, which were able to legislate "black codes" that preserved the system of slavery in all but name. The Republican-dominated Congress greatly opposed Johnson's Reconstruction program and passed the "Radical Reconstruction" by repeatedly overriding the president's vetoes. Under the Radical Reconstruction, local Southern governments gave way to federal military rule, and African-American men in the South were granted the constitutional right to vote. In March, 1867, in order further to weaken Johnson's authority, Congress passed the Tenure of Office Act over his veto. The act prohibited the president from removing federal office holders, including Cabinet members, who had been confirmed by the Senate, without the consent of the Senate. It was designed to shield members of Johnson's Cabinet like Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton, who was appointed during the Lincoln administration and was a leading ally of the so-called Radical Republicans in Congress. In the fall of 1867, Johnson attempted to test the constitutionality of the act by replacing Stanton with General Ulysses S. Grant. However, the Supreme Court refused to rule on the case, and Grant turned the office back to Stanton after the Senate passed a measure in protest of the dismissal. On February 21, 1868, Johnson decided to rid himself of Stanton once and for all and appointed General Lorenzo Thomas, an individual far less favorable to the Congress than Grant, as secretary of war. Stanton refused to yield, barricading himself in his office, and the House of Representatives, which had already discussed impeachment after Johnson's first dismissal of Stanton, initiated formal impeachment proceedings against the president. On February 24, the House voted 11 impeachment articles against President Johnson. Nine of the articles cited his violations of the Tenure of Office Act; one cited his opposition to the Army Appropriations Act of 1867 (designed to deprive the president of his constitutional position as commander in chief of the U.S. Army); and one accused Johnson of bringing "into disgrace, ridicule, hatred, contempt, and reproach the Congress of the United States" through certain controversial speeches. On March 13, according to the rules set out in Section 3 of Article I of the Constitution, the impeachment trial of President Johnson began in the Senate. Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase presided over the proceedings, which were described as theatrical. On May 16 and again on May 26, the Senate voted on the charges brought against President Johnson. Both times the vote was 35 for conviction and 19 for acquittal, with seven moderate Republicans joining 12 Democrats in voting against what was a weak case for impeachment. Because both votes fell short--by one vote--of the two- thirds majority needed to convict Johnson, he was judged not guilty and remained in office. Nevertheless, he chose not to actively seek reelection on the Democratic ticket. In November, Ulysses S. Grant, who supported the Republicans' Radical Reconstruction policies, was elected President. In 1875, after two failed bids, Johnson won reelection to Congress as a U.S. senator from Tennessee. He died less than four months after taking office at the age of 66. Fifty-one years later, the Supreme Court declared the Tenure of Office Act unconstitutional in its ruling in Myers v. United States.
    1882 - US Senate ratified a treaty establishing the Red Cross.  The American Red Cross was established in Washington, D.C. on May 21, 1881, by Clara Barton, who became the first president of the organization.
    1887 - Chester Greenwood of Maine received a patent for earmuffs.
    1900 - At an American League meeting in Chicago, Ban Johnson announced that an A.L. team will be placed in Chicago to ensure the stability of the league. Other franchises are in Kansas City, Minneapolis, Milwaukee, Indianapolis, Detroit, Cleveland, and Buffalo. In an agreement with Chicago National League officials, the A.L. club will be situated on the south side of the city and will be permitted to use the nickname Chicago White Stockings, formerly used by the N.L. team. However, the White Stockings will not be able to use the word Chicago in their official name. The new franchise, known as the White Sox, will be the 1901 AL champion in the junior circuit's inaugural season as a Major League.
    1906 – Lloyd Waner (d. 1982) was born in Harrah, OK.  He made his Major League debut in 1927, batting .355 with 223 hits, the latter figure establishing a NL rookie record that stood into the 21st century. Waner will hit over .300 in 10 of his first 12 seasons, compiling a career mark of .316 with 2,459 hits, striking out just 173 times in an 18-season major league career with several clubs. He was elected to the Hall of Fame in 1967.
    1906 – Comedian Henny Youngman (d. 1998) was born in London.
    1916 - The 7th (Custer’s old unit) and 10th (The Buffalo Soldiers) US cavalry regiments under Gen. John J. Pershing, crossed into Mexico to join the hunt for Pancho Villa.  Pershing organized and commanded the Mexican Punitive Expedition, a combined armed force of 10,000 men that penetrated 350 miles into Mexico. They routed Villa's revolutionaries, but failed to capture him. 
    1922 - Drummer Willie “Rough Dried” Williams (d. 1988) was born Lake Village, AR.  Williams backed up Howlin' Wolf with Detroit Jr. before Willie Dixon and Cadillac Baby pulled him into the studio with teams of crack local session men, one of which included Little Mack on harp.
    1923 - A great improvement in radio receivers was advertised. The new models had a concealed speaker and eliminated the need for headphones, which were considered a nuisance because they were so heavy to wear and messed up hairdos. The new radios were also said to have a ‘foolproof’ design.
    1926 – Comedian, actor, producer, fundraiser Jerry Lewis was born Joseph Levitch (d. 2017) in Newark, NJ.  Known for his slapstick humor in film, television, stage and radio, his career began in 1946, with Dean Martin, performing in live nightclubs, television programs, radio shows and theatrical movies before 1956, when the two men parted ways, after ten years as a duo. During that period, there was no hotter entertainment act than Martin & Lewis!  Then as a solo, Lewis went on to star in many films, and television shows and appearances, music albums, live concerts and more. From 1966 to 2010, Lewis hosted the annual Labor Day Telethon for the Muscular Dystrophy Association and served as national chairman of the organization, raising over $2.6 billion.
    1926 – Robert Goddard launched the first liquid-fueled rocket, at Auburn, MA.

    1932 – 37 year-old Babe Ruth signed a one-year contract for $75,000 and a percentage of the exhibition gate. Legend has it the Bambino signed a blank contract with the amount filled in later by New York Yankees owner Jacob Ruppert.
    1932 - With six million unemployed, chaos in Berlin, starvation and ruin, the threat of Marxism, and a very uncertain future, the German people turn to Hitler by the millions. In the presidential election, Hitler receives over eleven million votes (11,339,446) or 30% of the total. Hindenburg receives 18,651,497 votes or 49%. Since Hindenburg does not get the majority, a run-off election is held. In the campaign that follows, Hitler crisscrosses Germany in an airplane, descending from the clouds into the arms of growing numbers of fanatics, at ever larger rallies. He gives them a positive message, promising something for everyone, then ascends back into the clouds. "In the Third Reich every German girl will find a husband!" - Hitler once promises.
    1932 – Hunger marches were taking place throughout the country; the Bonus marchers are expelled from Washington. President Herbert Hoover sends a secret message to Congress advising it not to cut the pay of Army or Navy personnel because they may be needed to put down the marchers, whose numbers seem to be growing. He believes they are communist inspired as are the hunger marches in England and Germany. The economy is not in that bad of shape as the newspapers report, he adds.
http://www.weisbord.org/ThreeOne.htm
http://www.studsterkel.org/htimes.php    
    1940 - “The Road to Singapore,” starring Bob Hope, Bing Crosby, and Dorothy Lamour, opened. The comedy was the first of seven ‘Road’ pictures, which brought fame and fortune to its actors.
    1941 - The Benny Goodman Sextet cuts “Air Mail Special.”
    1942 - Two tornadoes, 24 minutes apart, struck Baldwin, MS, resulting in 65 deaths.
    1944 - Top Hits
“Mairzy Doats” - The Merry Macs
“Besame Mucho” - The Jimmy Dorsey Orchestra (vocal: Bob Eberly & Kitty Kallen
“No Love, No Nothin’” - Ella Mae Morse
“Rosalita: - Al Dexter
    1945 - PIERCE, FRANCIS Jr., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Pharmacist's Mate First Class, U.S. Navy serving with 2d Battalion, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division. Place and date: Iwo Jima, 15 and 16 March 1945. Entered service at lowa Born: 7 December 1924, Earlville, lowa. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while attached to the 2d Battalion, 24th Marines, 4th Marine Division, during the Iwo Jima campaign, 15 and 16 March 1945. Almost continuously under fire while carrying out the most dangerous volunteer assignments, Pierce gained valuable knowledge of the terrain and disposition of troops. Caught in heavy enemy rifle and machinegun fire which wounded a corpsman and 2 of the 8 stretcher bearers who were carrying 2 wounded marines to a forward aid station on 15 March, Pierce quickly took charge of the party, carried the newly wounded men to a sheltered position, and rendered first aid. After directing the evacuation of 3 of the casualties, he stood in the open to draw the enemy's fire and, with his weapon blasting, enabled the litter bearers to reach cover. Turning his attention to the other 2 casualties he was attempting to stop the profuse bleeding of 1 man when Japanese fired from a cave less than 20 yards away and wounded his patient again. Risking his own life to save his patient, Pierce deliberately exposed himself to draw the attacker from the cave and destroyed him with the last of his ammunition then lifting the wounded man to his back, he advanced unarmed through deadly rifle fire across 200 feet of open terrain. Despite exhaustion and in the face of warnings against such a suicidal mission, he again traversed the same fire-swept path to rescue the remaining marine. On the following morning, he led a combat patrol to the sniper nest and, while aiding a stricken marine, was seriously wounded. Refusing aid for himself, he directed treatment for the casualty, at the same time maintaining protective fire for his comrades. Completely fearless, completely devoted to the care of his patients, Pierce inspired the entire battalion. His valor in the face of extreme peril sustains and enhances the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
    1946 - The first Medal of Honor awarded to a soldier of Japanese ancestry was conferred upon Private First Class Sadao S. Munemori of Company A, 100th Infantry Battalion, 442dn Combat Team, for action near Seravezza, Italy, on April 5, 1945, when he knocked out two machine guns with grenades and saved the livers of two of his companions by diving on an exploding grenade. The medal was presented posthumously to his mother, Mrs. Nawa Munemori.
    1947 - "The Best Years of Our Lives," produced by Samuel Goldwyn, was a big favorite, winning the Best Picture prize at the 19th Academy Awards held at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles. Actor/producer/comedian Jack Benny hosted the glittering gala. "The Best Years of Our Lives" won Oscars for Best Director (William Wyler); Actor (Fredric March); Supporting Actor (Harold Russell); Film Editing (Daniel Mandell); Screenplay (Robert E. Sherwood); and a shared award with "The Jolson Story" for Best Score. Other awards for the best of 1946: Actress: Olivia de Havilland in "To Each His Own," and Actress in a Supporting Role: Anne Baxter in "The Razor’s Edge." The Best Song was "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe" (from "The Harvey Girls") by Johnny Mercer and Harry Warren. Foreign-made films showed up in these Oscars, bringing an end to Hollywood’s then exclusive rights to the coveted awards. Of the foreign movies nominated, three were British ("Henry V" - producer, Laurence Olivier; "Brief Encounter" starring Celia Johnson; "Perfect Strangers" which won the Oscar for Best Writing/Original Story [Clemence Dane]), one was French ("Les Enfants du paradis," an original screenplay by Jacques Prévert) and one Italian ("Roma, città aperta," screenplay written by Sergio Amidei, Federico Fellini).
http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0148339.html
    1951 - The comic strip, "Dennis the Menace," appeared for the first time in 18 newspapers across the U.S. The strip became an international favorite in thousands of newspapers and spawned a CBS-TV program that starred Jay North as Dennis. The series lasted for several seasons and is still seen in syndicated re-runs. A somewhat popular movie starring Walter Matthau as Mr. Wilson and Christopher Lloyd as the bad guy was released in 1993.
http://www.kingfeatures.com/features/comics/dennis/about.htm
    1952 - Top Hits
“Slowpoke” - Pee Wee King
“Tell Me Why” - The Four Aces
“Please, Mr. Sun” - Johnnie Ray
“Wondering” - Webb Pierce
    1955 – “The Ballad of Davy Crockett" by Bill Hayes reached the number one spot on the US Pop music charts, where it would stay for five weeks. The song sold more than 7,000,000 records on more than 20 different labels worldwide.
    1955 - Epic Records releases Roy Hamilton's "Unchained Melody," which will climb to #6. The Righteous Brothers would update the song ten years later and take it to #4.
    1956 - In a rally in Birmingham, Alabama, Asa Carter, the executive secretary of the North Alabama White Citizen's Council, charged that rock and roll was introduced to white teenagers by the N.A.A.C.P. and other pro-integration forces. He initiated a campaign to pressure radio stations to bar what he termed "immoral music."
    1956 - Elvis Presley's first album is released by RCA. The self-titled disc would sell over a million copies and become The King's first Gold record.
    1958 - “The Long Hot Summer,” starring Paul Newman, Joanne Woodward, and Orson Welles, opens in Baton Rouge, Louisiana. Newman, who won the Cannes Film Festival award as Best Actor for his performance in the film, married Woodward the same year.  The pairing was one of Hollywood's longest lasting marriages.
    1958 - The Quarry Men, with both John Lennon and Paul McCartney playing guitar, perform at the Morgue Skiffle Cellar in Oakhill Park.
    1958 - The Ford Motor Company produced its 50 millionth automobile, a Thunderbird, averaging almost a million cars a year since the company's founding.
    1960 - Top Hits
The Theme from "A Summer Place" - Percy Faith
“Wild One” - Bobby Rydell
“Baby (You’ve Got What It Takes)” - Dinah Washington & Brook Benton
“He’ll Have to Go” - Jim Reeves
    1960 - National Football League owners voted to allow the Chicago Cardinals to move to St. Louis. The Cardinals are generally regarded as the oldest continuing operation in pro football, having been founded as the Morgan Athletic Club, a neighborhood team in 1899. The Cardinals remained in St. Louis through the 1987 season after which owner Bill Bidwill transferred the team to Phoenix, AZ.
    1961 – New York approved a bond issue for the construction of a 55,000-seat stadium on the site of the 1939-40 World Fair in Queens’ Flushing Meadows area. Shea Stadium was inaugurated three years later as the new home of the New York Mets.  It was the home of the Mets through the 2008 season, after which it was dismantled to make way for the Mets’ new and current home, Citi Field.
    1961 - President John F. Kennedy sets up the Alliance for Progress.
http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1961kennedy-afp1.html
        1962 - Wing Luke becomes the first non-white to be elected to the Seattle City Council, and the highest Asian-American elected official in the continental US at the time.
http://www.wingluke.org/wing_luke1.htm
http://www.wingluke.org/
    1962 - Although he is about to be dropped by Columbia because his Big Band style records weren't selling, Bobby Vinton is allowed to lay down a couple of vocal efforts. The results would produce the first of his thirty, US Top 40 hits, "Roses Are Red," which would top the Billboard chart by next June.
    1963 - Peter, Paul and Mary's "Puff the Magic Dragon" is released in the US, where it will reach #2. Although banned by some radio stations who thought the song was about drugs, it is really just a story about a little boy growing up, according to its writer, Peter Yarrow.
    1964 - Motown Records released Mary Wells' "My Guy," written and produced by Smokey Robinson.  Wells' teaming with Robinson led to a succession of hit singles. Their first collaboration, 1962's "The One Who Really Loves You", was Wells' first smash hit, peaking at No. 2 on the R&B chart and No. 8 on the Hot 100.  Motown released the similar-sounding "You Beat Me to the Punch" a few months later. The song became her first R&B No. 1 single and peaked at No. 9 on the pop chart.
http://www.marywilson.com/
    1964 – Paul Hornung and Alex Karras were reinstated by the NFL after serving one-year suspensions for gambling.  Hornung, league MVP in 1961 with the Green Bay Packers and Karras, an All-Pro defensive lineman for the Detroit Lions, were forced to miss the 1963 season by NFL Commissioner Pete Rozelle after it was discovered that they had each regularly bet on the outcomes of their team’s games (Hornung had bet up to $500 on games while Karras had placed bets ranging from $50 to $100). In addition, both Hornung and Karras had kept fast company including being seen with friends who were also reputed to have connections to gambling and organized crime. Five other members of the Lions; Joe Schmidt, Wayne Walker, John Gordy, Gary Lowe and Sam Williams, were each fined $2,000 by Rozelle for betting on the Packers in the 1962 championship game against the New York Giants, which Green Bay won. Karras was asked by the league to sell his one-third interest in Detroit’s Lindell AC Bar because of mob influences and reputed gambling activities taking place there. Karras had threatened to retire rather than sell the bar, but later relented and sold his share, which paved the way for his reinstatement. Both Hornung and Karras admitted their transgressions and accepted their punishments. Their contrition was enough for Rozelle to allow them to come back for the 1964 season and resume their careers. During a game in 1964, Karras refused to make a call of the opening coin toss, telling the referee that he “wasn’t permitted to gamble.”
    1965 - The Rolling Stones were at #1 on the UK singles chart with "The Last Time," the band's third UK #1.
    1966 - RASCON, ALFRED V., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Specialist Fourth Class, U.S. Army, Reconnaissance Platoon, Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion (Airborne), 503rd Infantry,173d Airborne Brigade (Separate) Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 16 March 1966 Born: 1945, Chihuahua, Mexico Citation: Specialist Four Alfred Rascon, distinguished himself by a series of extraordinarily courageous acts on 16 March 1966, while assigned as a medic to the Reconnaissance Platoon, Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion (Airborne), 503rd Infantry, 173d Airborne Brigade (Separate). While moving to reinforce its sister battalion under intense enemy attack, the Reconnaissance Platoon came under heavy fire from a numerically superior enemy force. The intense enemy fire from crew-served weapons and grenades severely wounded several point squad soldiers. Specialist Rascon, ignoring directions to stay behind shelter until covering fire could be provided, made his way forward. He repeatedly tried to reach the severely wounded point machine-gunner laying on an open enemy trail, but was driven back each time by the withering fire. Disregarding his personal safety, he jumped to his feet, ignoring flying bullets and exploding grenades to reach his comrade. To protect him from further wounds, he intentionally placed his body between the soldier and enemy machine guns, sustaining numerous shrapnel injuries and a serious wound to the hip. Disregarding his serious wounds he dragged the larger soldier from the fire-raked trail. Hearing the second machine-gunner yell that he was running out of ammunition, Specialist Rascon, under heavy enemy fire crawled back to the wounded machine-gunner stripping him of his bandoleers of ammunition, giving them to the machine-gunner who continued his suppressive fire. Specialist Rascon fearing the abandoned machine gun, its ammunition and spare barrel could fall into enemy hands made his way to retrieve them. On the way, he was wounded in the face and torso by grenade fragments, but disregarded these wounds to recover the abandoned machine gun, ammunition and spare barrel items, enabling another soldier to provide added suppressive fire to the pinned-down squad. In searching for the wounded, he saw the point grenadier being wounded by small arms fire and grenades being thrown at him. Disregarding his own life and his numerous wounds, Specialist Rascon reached and covered him with his body absorbing the blasts from the exploding grenades, and saving the soldier's life, but sustaining additional wounds to his body. While making his way to the wounded point squad leader, grenades were hurled at the sergeant. Again, in complete disregard for his own life, he reached and covered the sergeant with his body, absorbing the full force of the grenade explosions. Once more Specialist Rascon was critically wounded by shrapnel, but disregarded his own wounds to continue to search and aid the wounded. Severely wounded, he remained on the battlefield, inspiring his fellow soldiers to continue the battle. After the enemy broke contact, he disregarded aid for himself, instead treating the wounded and directing their evacuation. Only after being placed on the evacuation helicopter did he allow aid to be given to him. Specialist Rascon's extraordinary valor in the face of deadly enemy fire, his heroism in rescuing the wounded, and his gallantry by repeatedly risking his own life for his fellow soldiers are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the United States Army.
    1968 - The Byrds received a gold record for the album, "Greatest Hits," which featured "Turn! Turn! Turn!," written by Pete Seeger (excerpted from the Book of Ecclesiastes in the Bible); "Eight Miles High;" "Mr. Spaceman;" "Mr. Tambourine Man;" "All I Really Want To Do;" and "My Back Pages." The group consisted of Roger McGuinn, David Crosby, Gene Clark, Chris Hillman and Mike Clarke. Kevin Kelly, Gram Parsons, Clarence White, John York and Gene Parsons were also members of the group through the years. The Byrds were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1991.
    1968 – In the My Lai massacre, between 347 and 500 Vietnamese villagers (men, women, and children) were killed by American troops.
    1968 – General Motors produced its 100 millionth vehicle, an Oldsmobile Tornado.
    1968 - Top Hits
“Love is Blue” - Paul Mauriat
(Theme From) “Valley of the Dolls” - Dionne Warwick
“(Sittin’ On) The Dock of the Bay” - Otis Redding
“Take Me to Your World” - Tammy Wynette
    1969 - “The Love Bug” released by Walt Disney studio. Directed by Robert Stevenson, the film starred "Herbie," a loveable Volkswagen bug with a personality. Abused by the evil racecar driver "Thorndyke" (David Thomlinson), Herbie is rescued by the young good-guy racecar driver "Jim" (Dean Jones). Grateful for his rescue, Herbie rewards the hapless Jim by winning one race after another on his driver’s behalf. The excitement begins when the ruthless Thorndyke plots to get Herbie back by any means necessary. Based on a story by Gordon Buford, “The Love Bug” inspired two sequels, “Herbie Rides Again” and “Herbie Goes To Monte Carlo.”
    1970 - An extremely popular cover of "LIFE" magazine was issued, showing the current fashion battle over long versus miniskirts.
http://www.life.com/Life/covers/1970/cv031370.html
    1971 - At the 13th Annual Grammy Awards, Simon and Garfunkel's "Bridge Over Troubled Water" wins Record of the Year, Album of the Year, Song of the Year, Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalists, Best Engineered Record and Best Contemporary Song.
    1971 - The Allman Brothers Band records its breakthrough album, "Live at the Fillmore East."
http://www.allmanbrothersband.com/modules.php?op=modload&name=My_eGallery
& file=index&do=showpic&pid=1616&orderby=

    1972 - "The Merv Griffin Show", starring game show and late-night television host, Merv Griffin (1925-2007), started its syndicated debut for Metromedia Television. Joining Merv were Arthur Treacher, and Mort Lindsey and his orchestra. In the 1940s, Griffin had a number one song with the Freddy Martin Orchestra, "I’ve Got a Lovely Bunch of Cocoanuts," which launched him to fame. He had his own radio show at KFRC in San Francisco in the late 1940’s, branching into early local television. Griffin battled Johnny Carson on CBS-TV late night, and lost. He also fought ABC-TV's Joey Bishop, and again lost. He did win in the Metro media show; and with ownership of stations such as WPIX-TV 11 in New York, WPOP Radio in Hartford, Connecticut. Later, he came up with "Wheel of Fortune" and the formula for "Jeopardy," which he also owned, making him one of the world's richest entertainment moguls and for which he still receives credit. Griffin also owned several hotels in Atlantic City, New Jersey and Beverly Hills.
    1972 - Author Clifford Irving pleads guilty to a charge that the "autobiography" of Howard Hughes on which he supposedly collaborated was a hoax.
http://www.who2.com/cliffordirving.html
    1974 - The Arab Oil Embargo was lifted. It would take several weeks before long gasoline lines disappeared here. The oil-producing Arab countries agreed to lift their five-month embargo on petroleum sales to the US. During the embargo prices went up 330 percent and a ban was imposed on Sunday gasoline sales. Long lines at filling stations became the norm, as did the 55 mph speed limit nationwide.  Rationing took the form of even-odd alternate days purchasing capability based on the final digit of one’s license plate.  The embargo was in retaliation for US support of Israel during the October, 1973 Middle-East War.
    1975 - A single storm brought 119 inches of snow to Crater Lake, Oregon, establishing a state record.
    1976 - Top Hits
“December 1963” (“Oh, What a Night”) - The Four Seasons
“All by Myself” - Eric Carmen
“Take It to the Limit” - Eagles
“The Roots of My Raising” - Merle Haggard
    1976 - The Four Seasons, featuring Frankie Valli, returned to the pop charts after an absence of 10 years. The group's "December, 1963 (Oh, What a Night)," became the top song in the United States. Valli’s real name is Castelluccio and with him were Bob Gaudio, Nick Massi and Tommy DeVito. Joe Long and Charlie Callelo were members in the 1960s, when Gaudio focused on producing for the group and DeVito left. The original producer was Bob Crewe. The name, The Four Seasons, was taken from a bowling alley in New Jersey. The group charted a total of 30 songs, plus Valli had nine solo hits. In 1990, they were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.  Their music has been captured by “Jersey Boys,” first as a smash Broadway play and the feature film of the same name, released in 2014.
    1976 - Johnny Taylor's "Disco Lady" begins a six week stay at the top of the Billboard R&B chart. It is the first number one song to contain the word "disco" in the title.
    1980 - Pink Floyd's "The Wall" goes platinum a few weeks into its 15 week stay at Number One. The two-record set is largely the brainchild of bass player Roger Waters, who now emerges as the group's creative head.
http://www.rogerwaters.org/
http://ingsoc.com/waters/
http://www.pinkfloyd-co.com/mast_idx.html
    1983 - Radio talk show host Larry King brought his topical interview program to syndicated TV. Using a telephone hook-up, viewers called in to speak to particular guests. King appeared on CNN on “Larry King Live” from 1985-2010, interviewing a variety of newsmakers and celebrities.
http://www.cnn.com/CNN/Programs/larry.king.live/
    1983 - Randy Smith’s NBA consecutive-game streak came to an end as he played in his 906th straight game. Smith played for Buffalo, San Diego, Cleveland, New York, and San Diego (again.)
    1984 – Beirut CIA Station Chief William Buckley was kidnapped by Islamic fundamentalists Hezbollah and later died in captivity.  The upcoming trial of 17 Iranian-backed militants was about to begin in Kuwait.  William Casey, who was by then the Director of Central Intelligence, asked for help in securing Buckley's release.  Three weeks after Buckley's abduction, President Ronald Reagan signed National Security Decision Directive 138 which outlined plans on how to get the American hostages released from Iran and to "neutralize" alleged "terrorist threats" from countries such as Nicaragua.  This was the beginning of the Iran-Contra affair, which culminated in the exchange of missiles for the release of hostages. 
    1984 - Top Hits
“Jump” - Van Halen
“Girls Just Want to Have Fun” - Cyndi Lauper
“Somebody’s Watching Me” - Rockwell
“Going, Going, Gone” - Lee Greenwood
    1985 – AP newsman Terry Anderson was taken hostage by Shiite Hezbollah militants in Beirut. He was released on December 4, 1991.
    1985 - National Football League owners met in Phoenix, AZ and tabled a proposal that would have allowed transmitters and receivers in football helmets. The idea was to allow coaches to talk with quarterbacks in noisy stadiums. The idea did become a reality, but a minor one. Players complained of too much interference and static.
    1985 – Denny McLain, winner of the AL Cy Young Award in 1968 after winning 31 games, was convicted of racketeering, extortion, and cocaine possession in Tampa. McLain served 29 months of a 23-year sentence before an appeals court overturned the decision.
    1986 - Susan Butcher wins the Iditarod dogsled race from Anchorage to Nome, Alaska, in the record time of 11 days, 15 hours, almost seven days faster than the time in 1985 when Libby Riddles was the first woman to win the race. Butcher again wins the race in 1987 in what is called a new era in the dogsled competition
    1988 – In the Iran-Contra Affair, Lt Colonel Oliver North and Vice Admiral John Poindexter were indicted on charges of conspiracy to defraud the United States.
    1989 - The Rolling Stones signed a $70 million contract to play 50 North American dates. At that point, it was the largest contract in Rock history.
    1989 - A winter storm brought heavy snow and high winds to the southwestern U.S. Winds gusted to 60 mph at Lovelock, NV, Salt Lake City, UT, and Fort Carson, CO. Snow fell at a rate of three inches per hour in the Lake Tahoe area of Nevada.
    1990 - Thunderstorms developing ahead of a cold front produced large hail and damaging winds from northwest Florida to western South Carolina. Thunderstorm winds gusted to 75 mph at Floridatown, FL. Sixteen cities across the northeastern quarter of the nation reported record high temperatures for the date. The afternoon high of 78 degrees at Burlington, VT smashed their previous record for the date by 23 degrees. New York City reported a record high of 82 degrees.
    1993 - "Informer" by Toronto rapper Snow reached number-one on the Billboard Hot 100. It would remain in the top spot for seven weeks, making it one of the most successful Canadian songs ever on the US chart. Snow's debut album, "12 Inches of Snow," also was a million-seller.
    1994 - Prodigy put a newspaper, the Atlanta Journal-Constitution online. The Journal-Constitution listed local information, including Little League scores, lunch menus, and crime reports, as well as local advertising. The news service was available as a subscription service, with additional fees for bulletin board usage. Other early online newspapers included the St. Louis Dispatch and Florida Today.
    1995 – Mississippi, the home state of Jefferson Davis, officially ratified the Thirteenth Amendment, becoming the last state to approve the abolition of slavery. The Thirteenth Amendment was officially ratified in 1865.
    1998 - Candice Bergen and the cast of “Murphy Brown” filmed the 245th and final episode of the award-winning and sometimes controversial CBS sitcom. The hour-long finale featured appearances by Julia Roberts, Bette Midler, and George Clooney, as well as Bergen's real mother, Frances.
http://timstvshowcase.com/murphybak.jpg
    1999 - The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) gave out its first set of Diamond Awards for sales over 10 million units in the US. Sixty-one albums and one single qualified. At the top of the list was “The Eagles' Greatest Hits,” with over 25 million copies (it would sell another million by the end of the year).
    2003 - Over 5,000 coordinated candlelight vigils take place, in more than 125 countries, in a last-ditch protest against a U.S. invasion of Iraq.
    2009 - The Weinstein Co. acquired the rights to produce “Nowhere Boy,” the story of John Lennon's tumultuous childhood. The script focuses on the battle between Lennon's aunt Mimi and his mother Julia for custody and the affections of the young musician as well as his friendship with Paul McCartney. The film was released at the 2010 Sundance Film Festival on January 27th, 2010.
    2014 - As part of its effort to protect America from an attack by North Korea, the U.S. invested $1 billion in ground-based missile interceptors on the West Coast.
    2015 - Apple began a web TV service in September, carrying broadcast networks such as CBS, Fox and ABC. Apple TV offers 25 channels for less than current cable television packages


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