Wednesday, February 3, 2021
Today's Leasing News Headlines
Correction: Constant Contact Link Did not Open for
Introducing Leasing News Advisor
Kenneth Greene, Attorney
Balboa Capital Survey: Business Owners Embracing
E-Commerce, Mobile Payments, Cloud Software and Remote Work
Global Vaccine Timeline Stretches to 2023 - Map
Countries Expected 60-70% Adult Population Vaccinated
Leasing Industry Ads
Sales Makes it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP
Utah Begins Medical Marijuana Home Deliveries
More States Start Approving Delivery Services
TCF National Bank Acquires
BB&T Commercial Equipment Capital Corp.
Maxim Commercial Capital Reports
Strong 2020 Results
Insight Investments and Harbor Capital Announce
Partnership to Accelerate Growth
Salt Lake City, Utah Adopt-a-Dog
Please Respond to the Short Leasing News Survey
How You Connect to the News Edition?
CVS soon will start vaccinating at 100 California stores
as Biden administration ramps up supply
Uber Buys Drizly, an Alcohol Delivery Service for $1.1 Billion
Rides revenue down 53%, Food Delivery revenue up 125%
Jeff Bezos to step down as Amazon CEO,
Andy Jassy to take over in Q3
You May have Missed---
What happens when the rent comes due?
Los Angeles Times
Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months
www.leasingcomplaints.com (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device
California Nuts Brief---
"Gimme that Wine"
This Day in History
Weather, USA or specific area
######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.
Correction: Constant Contact Link Did not Open
Introducing Leasing News Advisor
Kenneth Greene, Attorney
The biography opened on the website, but not the Constant Contact email, which once sent out, the copy and links cannot be changed. Here is Ken’s bio:
Leasing News Advisor
Ken Greene, Attorney
Law Office of Kenneth Charles Greene
5743 Corsa Avenue Suite 208
Westlake Village, California 91362
Ken is an attorney with his own law firm, the Law Office of Kenneth Charles Greene. He was involved in the formation of Leasing News, Inc. and represented it (pro bono) in the early days. Ken is currently based in Southern California. He began his leasing career with BankAmerilease in
1981. Ken has been a partner in several law firms including Ross & Ivanjack, one of the first law firms in the country devoted exclusively to the equipment finance industry.
Ken served as corporate counsel to a leasing company and a real estate development company. He was a partner in a major Universal City law firm before opening his own firm in Westlake Village, California in 2013. The new firm continues representation of equipment finance companies, including lessors and brokers, in litigation, bankruptcy, licensing, compliance and transactions. He also represents small businesses and individuals in litigation, bankruptcy, transactions, contract, and corporate matters, as well as entities and individuals in the entertainment industry.
Ken has been associated with the American Bankruptcy Institute, California Bankruptcy Forum, Eastern Association of Equipment Lessors (“EAEL”), Equipment Leasing and Finance Association (“ELFA”—formerly the Equipment Leasing Association), and National Equipment Finance Association (NEFA) (formerly NAEL, UAEL, and, once upon a time, WAEL). He has served on the Board of Directors of that association and has been its Legal Committee Chairman, Legal Line Editor, Regional Committee Chair, and Conference Chairman. He is currently General Counsel for the American Association of Commercial Finance Brokers (formerly the “National Association of Equipment Leasing Brokers”) and has spoken at conference panels the last four years, and is a member of the American Bar Association.
Ken has served on the Board of Directors of Big Brothers Big Sisters of Ventura County, the Mountain Play Association in Marin County, California, and the Marin Symphony Orchestra Association. He has been active in musical theater at the school and community levels. Until recently, he was Musical Director at the Westlake Village Inn and was very active in the Conejo Valley music community. In 2019, he was featured in Calabasas Style Magazine in the “People to Watch” section. He is now a part owner of Bridgeway Studios in Sausalito, California, formerly known as The Record Plant, an iconic and historic recording studio which gave birth to some of
the most renowned albums of all time, including Fleetwood Mac’s “Rumors,” Stevie Wonder’s “Songs in the Key of Life,” and many more.
Ken received his B. A, at Brandeis University, located in Waltham, Massachusetts, graduating cum laude. He received his J.D. at Santa Clara University in 1980, also graduating with honors.
Mr. Greene has been a frequent writer and lecturer on matters of leasing law and other related legal issues. He is an acknowledged contributor on bankruptcy issues to Miller & Starr, California Real Estate 2d (Bancroft Whitney). He has lectured on leasing law and documentation, litigation,
licensing, and collection matters, and has created and presented seminars to leasing companies on enhancing the attorney-client relationship. He has also taught nationally for Euromoney Lease Training. He currently writes for the AACFB’s “Commercial Break” and the National Association of
Commercial Lease Brokers’ “Dealmaker.”
Ken’s passions, besides music, include travel, yoga, cooking, hiking, reading, golf, crossword puzzles, the Yankees, cigars, wine, and more. He lives in Moorpark, California with his wife Barbara and their son Alex, who is a graduate of Cal Lutheran and is pursuing further education in video game design. His daughter, Gigi, graduated UC Irvine and is employed at Service Titan as an event planner and diversity leader. She also has a photography business (PhotoGGraphy). In his “spare” time, Ken plays keyboards with several Los Angeles and San Francisco Bay Area bands, and plays and records with other local artists.
Balboa Capital Survey: Business Owners Embracing
E-Commerce, Mobile Payments, Cloud Software and Remote Work
Leading direct lender surveyed SBOs nationwide to
uncover key insights about emerging business trends
The survey, which was sent to a sample of small business owners and equipment dealers during the first two weeks of January 2021, reveals that e-commerce, mobile payments, cloud software and remote work are four business trends that are likely to continue being embraced by small business owners in 2021.
Kevin Umeda, Manager of Sales Planning and Coordination at Balboa Capital, said, “It’s no secret that 2020 was an extremely challenging year for small businesses across the country. SBOs are resilient and a significant number of them are evolving their business models to keep their companies moving in the right direction.
“The results of our latest survey reveal that SBOs will prioritize things like e-commerce, mobile payments, cloud computing, inventory tracking software, and customer relationship management software in 2021. In addition, it appears that SBOs will continue to offer remote work options.”
Eighty-seven percent of SBOs said they will continue to have full-time or part-time work schedules, up from eighty-two percent as reported in our July 2020 survey results. Lastly, digital marketing looks to be very popular trend in 2021. Ninety-six percent of SBOs will market their companies and more than half of SBOs said they will increase their digital marketing budgets this year.
Key takeaways from Balboa Capital’s Small Business Trends for 2021 survey:
- 44% of small businesses offer e-commerce/online shopping
- 1 in 3 SBOs whose companies do not offer e-commerce/online shopping are planning to make it available in 2021
- 5 in 10 small businesses offer no-touch credit card and/or debit card payments
- 38% of small businesses offer mobile payments
- 7 in 10 small businesses use cloud software
- 1 in 4 small businesses use automation software for inventory and pricing
- 11% of small businesses use AI-driven marketing such as website chat bots
- 96% of SBOs said they will market their companies in 2021; 53% of SBOs will increase their marketing budget and 34% will keep the same marketing budget
- Increased sales is the most important marketing-related goal of SBOs in 2021, followed by retaining and re-engaging customers, deploying new digital marketing strategies, and generating website traffic and leads.
- 87% of SBOs said their companies will continue to offer remote work options for their employees in 2021
- 58% of SBOs said that all of their employees are working remotely
- 38% of SBOs are using remote hiring and onboarding technologies such as video interviews and video training
- Among SBOs who will be investing in these and other business trends in 2021, 52% will apply for funding at a bank and 42% will apply for funding from a non-bank lender
A new report by the Economist Intelligence Unit shows that depending on where you live, the road to national inoculation protection against COVID-19 might still be a long one. The report shows that in many locations, it will take years before a majority of the adult population has received the vaccine.
While major economies in Latin America are expected to achieve widespread coverage by mid-2022, the picture looks bleaker in Asia. Most emerging economies here are expected to take until the end of next year to achieve the feat. Even in the region’s advanced economies, vaccinations are starting up slower than elsewhere. Japan will only start its campaign in late February and is expected to arrive at majority immunization by mid-2022, just like South Korea and Vietnam. Only the region’s city states and Taiwan are expected to have vaccinated 60-70 percent of their adult populations by the end of 2021.
Most European nations as well as the U.S., Israel and the Gulf states are on this trajectory as well, according to the EIU. Yet, problem of supply and (fair) distribution of the Pfizer and AstraZeneca vaccines could cause some delays here. Currently, the UK has been getting ahead of its European peers in vaccination speed but stands accused of being favored by AstraZeneca (whose vaccine was developed together with the University of Oxford).
In many of the world’s developing nations, the vaccination timeline is expected to extend into 2023. This includes large parts of Africa. While the cheap and easy-to-store AstraZeneca variety will be given out to poorer countries through the Covax initiative, Russia, India and China are also vying for contracts for their vaccine varieties in what the EIU dubs a boom of vaccine diplomacy.
While the Chinese vaccine by Sinopharm has already been approved in Egypt and is also expected to go to Peru, Morocco and Hungary, another Chinese variety, Sinovac, will ship in significant volumes to Indonesia, Brazil, Chile, Turkey and the Philippines. Russia’s biggest contracts are with India and Vietnam, while India will ship to Brazil.
By Katharina Buckholz
Help Wanted Ads
Sales Makes it Happen
by Scott Wheeler, CLFP
As an originator in the commercial equipment leasing and finance industry, how productive are you on a daily basis? There is a significant difference between being busy and being productive. Time management can be the key to doubling your income in 2021.
In a recent coaching session with an experienced originator she commented, "I am so busy that I don't have time to increase my monthly production. I am maxed out - there is not enough time to process what comes across my desk each day." The problem is that she is working hard but is not a top producer for her company. She is barely above average and she realizes that there is much more she should be doing to develop and close additional business. Her future business needs to be more efficient than the transactions that she is currently processing. This originator has become a processor (not a salesperson) on highly inefficient transactions. Her approval ratio and funding ratio is well below a top producer within her company. She is extremely busy, but barely productive. Below are some recommendations:
- She should set aside a designated time each day or week to prospect for new and more efficient relationships.
- She should rank her end-users and vendors by results and potential rather than applications (ex: a vendor that submits 10 applications a month but only closes 1 transaction is not as productive as a vendor that submits 3 applications and closes 2). Each vendor should be worked differently. Time is money.
- She needs to use the automation that her company has available to streamline many of her manual processes. Automation and organization can free up valuable time to be focused on more productive activities.
- She needs to pivot away from several old relationships that no longer align with her capabilities. Yes, these relationships are seasoned, but her company has changed, and those stakeholders have also changed. Valuable resources can no longer be used on unproductive relationships.
- Time management is key. This originator was asked to document all her time over a two-day period and the results were eye opening. More than 50% of her time was being spent on non-productive activities.
Every activity can be measured. Activities that produce the greatest results should be expanded and those activities that produce little or no results should be eliminated.
Scott A. Wheeler, CLFP
Wheeler Business Consulting
1314 Marquis Ct.
Fallston, Maryland 21047
Phone: 410 877 0428
Fax: 410 877 8161
Sales Makes it Happen articles:
Utah Begins Medical Marijuana Home Deliveries
More States Start Approving Delivery Services
When the coronavirus pandemic struck, the cannabis industry was left in a precarious position. Although most states that have legal cannabis markets declared the young industry essential, medical cannabis patients were at great risk every time they headed out to get their medicine. Plenty of them are either elderly, immunocompromised, or both, putting them at an even greater risk of infection and suffering severe symptoms. To help keep both patients and staff safe, some states began allowing cannabis home deliveries.
In Utah, medical marijuana couriers have started making deliveries of medical cannabis orders to patients’ homes. The state first allowed medical dispensaries to make home deliveries last May, as long as the dispensaries met strict requirements for delivering themselves or through a licensed medical marijuana courier. More than 10,000 Utah residents have applied for and received medical cannabis cards and, for plenty of them, going out to buy medical marijuana can be a matter of life and death.
WholesomeCo, a medical cannabis company based in Bountiful, Utah, is starting out small. The company has hired 10 couriers to cover Salt Lake, Tooele, Weber, Cache, Summit, Wasatch and Utah counties. According to CEO Chris Jeffery, the company’s goal is to start making statewide deliveries within six months to give patients who are medically fragile or have long distances to travel in order to access a dispensary a better option of getting their medicine.
The dispensary deals with patients who suffer from multiple sclerosis (“MS”), are terminally ill, or suffer with conditions that make it nearly impossible for them to even get out of their bed. Such patients need to have medical cannabis delivered to them as they essentially cannot leave their homes. One Salt Lake patient says she is at such a high risk of contracting COVID-19 due to her health conditions that she hasn’t been to the grocery store since last April.
Jordan Bartholomew, another medical cannabis patient living in Salt Lake City’s Ballpark neighborhood, says he largely gets around using a bicycle. With that mode of transportation, visiting a cannabis dispensary to get medical marijuana for his chronic back pain can be quite challenging. Home deliveries have made things a “lot more comfortable,” stated Bartholomew.
Although Utah allowed cannabis home deliveries last year, WholesomeCo is the first medical dispensary to take advantage of the home-delivery framework. However, officials expect other cannabis companies to follow suit, with the director of the state health department’s Center for Medical Cannabis saying he hopes that couriers will make it easier for rural residents who live hours from cannabis dispensaries to access medical cannabis.
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TCF National Bank Acquires
BB&T Commercial Equipment Capital Corp.
The deal involves approximately $1 billion of loans and leases.
Approximately 60 empoyees join TCF team as part of the acquisition.
DETROIT--(BUSINESS WIRE)--TCF Capital Solutions, a division of TCF National Bank (“TCF”), announced that TCF has acquired BB&T Commercial Equipment Capital Corp. (“CEC”), which includes a portfolio of approximately $1 billion of equipment finance leases and loans. CEC was Truist Bank’s national small-ticket equipment leasing and finance business. Approximately 60 employees from Truist/CEC have joined the TCF team as a result of the transaction.
William “Bill” Henak, Senior Executive Vice President, TCF Specialty Finance declared, “We are excited the talented and experienced CEC team has joined TCF. The CEC business model is very complementary and consistent with the TCF Capital Solutions business model, which we believe will create significant incremental growth opportunities for our entire bank.
Mike Maguire, Senior Executive Vice President at Truist, commented, “The small-ticket equipment financing business is evolving quickly and TCF, with its long track record in the business, is well-positioned to deliver expertise and scale to benefit CEC clients and CEC teammates joining the company.”
Faegre Drinker Biddle & Reath LLP served as legal advisor to TCF, and Davis Polk & Wardwell LLP served as legal advisor to Truist. Truist Securities served as financial advisor to Truist.
About TCF: TCF Financial Corporation (NASDAQ: TCF) is a Detroit, Michigan-based financial holding company with $48 billion in total assets at Dec. 31, 2020 and a top 10 deposit market share in the Midwest. TCF’s primary banking subsidiary, TCF National Bank, is a premier Midwest bank offering consumer and commercial banking, trust and wealth management, and specialty leasing and lending products and services to consumers, small businesses and commercial clients. TCF has approximately 470 branches primarily located in Michigan, Illinois and Minnesota with additional locations in Colorado, Ohio, South Dakota and Wisconsin. TCF also conducts business across all 50 states and Canada through its specialty lending and leasing businesses. To learn more about TCF, visit www.tcfbank.com.
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Maxim Commercial Capital Reports
Strong 2020 Results
Hard asset-secured lender supported customers, finance brokers
and equipment vendors throughout an extraordinary year
LOS ANGELES, CALIF. – Maxim Commercial Capital (“Maxim”) announces it funded transactions ranging from $10,000 to $1.5 million for borrowers in 42 states during 2020. The financings enabled small and mid-sized businesses (“SMBs”) get the heavy equipment they need to sustain and grow their businesses, despite challenged credit and the global COVID-19 pandemic (“Pandemic”). Maxim lends from $10,000 to $3,000,000 secured by heavy equipment and real estate to facilitate asset purchases, working capital and to refinance expensive short-term debt.
Michael Kianmahd, Executive Vice President, said, “We started 2020 with ambitious plans to grow our portfolio while continuing to streamline operations.
“While the Pandemic has brought a lot of uncertainty and challenges, our team members have showcased astute professionalism since stay-at-home orders were issued in March. Most transitioned to working safely from home without any downtime and all have delivered proactive customer support, credit discipline and focused collections and asset management efforts.
“As a result, we succeeded in providing essential financing and fulfilled pre-pandemic goals to improve our performance, customer experience and broker/vendor experience.”
Maxim successfully launched a customer portal on its website for borrowers with truck loans, eliminating processing fees for users. It also improved key performance reporting across asset management, collections and broker and vendor productivity. These changes facilitate better service to Maxim’s target markets of SMBs, finance brokers and used truck vendors.
Transactions funded during the year included $55,000 for an experienced owner-operator with a 650 FICO to quickly fund the purchase of a 2016 Kenworth T800 with 198,000 miles to meet strong demand; $27,900 secured by a 2017 Hino 258 Rollback Tow Truck for an experienced tow truck driver to start his own business; $37,700 for an experienced contractor to buy a 2016 Case 580 Super N Backhoe Loader to meet customer demand; and, $29,300 for a start-up owner-operator with challenged credit to buy his first truck, a 2016 Freightliner Cascadia.
Behzad Kianmahd, Chairman and CEO, commented, “As we enter our 13th year in business, we look forward to continuing to serve as a reliable funding source for borrowers with challenged credit across the U.S., regardless of the economic backdrop.
“We are proud of our team’s exceptional commitment to customer service during the extraordinary circumstances in 2020, and look forward to continuing to support our customers, brokers and vendors in 2021.”
About Maxim Commercial Capital
Maxim Commercial Capital helps small and mid-sized business owners seize opportunity by providing financing in amounts up to $3,000,000 secured by heavy equipment and real estate. Maxim facilitates equipment purchases, provides working capital and refinances debt for companies across all industries located nationwide. Through Maxim’s tailored financing programs, businesses unlock capital tied up in underleveraged assets, often replacing expensive short-term debt and daily repayment working capital loans with longer term capital. As a leading provider of transportation equipment finance, Maxim funds up to 75% of the acquisition cost of class 8 and class 6 trucks, trailers and reefers for owner-operators and small businesses. Learn more at www.maximcc.com or by calling 877-776-2946.
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Insight Investments and Harbor Capital Announce
Partnership to Accelerate Growth
COSTA MESA, Calif. and LITTLETON, Colo., -- Insight Investments, LLC and Harbor Capital Leasing, Inc. today announced a partnership to accelerate the growth and momentum of their leasing organizations.
Christopher “Chris” Czaja, President of Insight Investments, LLC, said, “Harbor Capital’s reputation in material handling leasing services is second to none. We are proud to partner with their team and expand our footprint in this space.
“Broadening our scope with access into the material handling industry through Harbor Capital’s expertise and established relationships, demonstrates Insight Investments’ commitment to becoming the clear leader in independent business equipment leasing.”
Under the partnership agreement, each company will continue to operate and serve customers independently. Harbor Capital will have access to the experience and expertise of Insight Investment’s three technology related business units and will gain capital and logistical support to help grow its business. Insight Investments will obtain immediate entry into a new leasing asset class through its relationship with Harbor Capital.
Jane Rethmeier, CEO of Harbor Capital, commented, “Harbor Capital is a leader in its field and poised for growth.
“Insight Investments has the resources and experience to provide us with the capital support we need to scale quickly. This is a significant competitive advantage as it enables us to accelerate our business while staying focused on exceeding the expectations of our clients.”
Insight Investments’ financing organization delivers financially transparent technology leasing solutions for businesses acquiring hardware, software and services. As a private, family-owned organization with more than 30 years of experience, Insight Investments provides customers with solutions that address the entire equipment lifecycle including its IT Refresh Contract, Asset Management Online System (AMOS) and Asset Return & Remarketing Center centrally located in Albuquerque, New Mexico. Harbor Capital is an independent equipment lessor that provides equipment finance, asset management and portfolio servicing for public and private sector companies in a breadth of industries with a primary focus on material handling equipment.
Russ Cohen, President of Harbor Capital, commented, “We have known Insight for many years and this partnership makes perfect sense.
“Both our companies take a hands-on approach to working with clients, addressing individual needs and providing comprehensive, transparent and flexible leasing arrangements. By coming together, we have created a formidable, truly independent alliance that can offer substantial additional value to our respective customers.”
About Insight Investments, LLC
Based in Costa Mesa, California, Insight Investments, LLC helps companies worldwide better control their technology acquisition, leasing, and management requirements. Since 1987, the company has provided a wide array of solutions designed to fit specific customer needs including new and used equipment acquisition, custom leasing and financing, asset management, off-lease portfolio management, excess equipment disposal, and IT solutions for the modern data center. For more information, visit www.insightinvestments.com.
About Harbor Capital Leasing, Inc.
Harbor Capital Leasing, Inc. is an independent equipment leasing specialist providing equipment finance, asset management and portfolio servicing for the benefit of companies in the public and private sector. Our customer base includes many Fortune 500 companies covering a breadth of industries including chemical, automotive, paper and food processing. Since our original entrance into the marketplace in 1984, Harbor has developed a network of customers that continue to utilize our expertise and depend on our capabilities to meet their capital requirements.
To contact Insight Investments’ financing division, Insight Financial Services, please visit: https://ifsleasing.com/.
For information on Harbor Capital’s material handling equipment leasing programs please visit: https://harborcapital.net/.
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Salt Lake City, Utah Adopt-a-Dog
Age: 3 years, 9 months
Weight: 62 Pounds
Color: Black and White
Meet Johnny, a handsome dazzler looking for a specific home and sidekick, that will be able to provide the structure and management he needs to be set up for success. Johnny has some training under his belt like being potty trained, basic commands, and muzzle trained but will need more work in his adoptive home. Best Friends is offering FREE training sessions to help him get on the right routine and training plan to ensure he makes good life choices! Johnny requires an in-person Lifesaving Center Visit and counseling.
Johnny is a staff favorite for so many reasons, but his smile, sweet nose freckles, and tail wiggles help brighten anyone's day. While Johnny has a loving and loyal personality with the people he has bonded with, he is a work in progress and requires an adult only home (18 years and older) where he will be the only animal. Due to his stressors caused by previous negative experiences, his next home must be aware that he needs to be cautiously managed when around high populations of people OR other animals and is not a candidate for any off-leashing activities. He thrives with structure and routine and will need to continue these habits in his new home. If you are interested in learning more about Johnny and setting up an interview for an in person meet and greet, email firstname.lastname@example.org
Best Friends in Utah
2005 South 1100 East
Salt Lake City, UT 84106
Our regular adoption fees are $75 for dogs,
We are doing virtual adoptions by appointment.
Please contact email@example.com for adoption inquiries.
Please Respond to the Short Leasing News Survey
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This Day in History
1690 - Massachusetts established a provincial bank and issued money in denominations from two shillings to five pounds to pay the soldiers who served in the war with Quebec. This was the first instance of issuing “paper money.” Until 1690, the North American colonies had dealt primarily in coinage. Silver and gold were rather rare, so colonists generally used unofficial coins, or “decrepit coppers.” Boston-based silversmiths John Hull and Robert Sanderson did operate their own mint between 1652 and 1682, issuing silver shillings and three and sixpence pieces, but save for a few ill-fated experiments, paper money was hardly tried or used. Other colonies and states soon also issued paper money without any basis, so that in 1780 the ratio of paper to silver was 40 to 1.
1737 - Elizabeth Graeme Ferguson (d. 1801) birthday, Horsham, PA. Writer whose primary fame rests on being a go-between on behalf of the British with revolutionary forces at the behest (or insistence) of her husband, a loyalist. In October 1777, Ferguson's husband prevailed upon her to carry from the Reverend Jacob Duché to General George Washington a letter urging Washington to surrender. Washington chided her for her part in the episode. She later carried to Joseph Reed, Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress and aide to Washington, an offer of 10,000 guineas for help in obtaining peace terms advantageous to Britain. Ferguson's role in these proceedings brought her trouble. Her husband had already been retained and proscribed and, late in the war, Graeme Park was confiscated. Although it was restored to her in 1781, she lost it through financial reverses in 1791. Her last years were difficult. She died near the Graeme Park estate in Pennsylvania.
1747 – Samuel Osgood (d. 1813), the first Postmaster General of the US, was born in Andover, MA.
1783 – Spain recognized the independence of the US.
1787 – Shays’ Rebellion, an uprising of Massachusetts farmers led by Daniel Shays, ended with defeat at Petersham. Starting on August 29 the previous year, Shays began building his following. On January 25, Shays led 1100 men in an attempt to seize the arsenal in Springfield, Mass. State militia commanded by Gen. William Shepherd routed the insurgents. The uprising had been caused by the harsh economic conditions faced by Massachusetts farmers, who sought reforms and the issuance of paper money. The insurgents were taken completely by surprise on the morning of February 3rd in Petersham. General Benjamin Lincoln had marched his troops through a snowstorm the previous night. The farmers scattered, and the rebellion was ended. Most of the insurgents took advantage of a general amnesty and surrendered. Shays and a few other leaders escaped for a while. The Supreme Judicial Court soon sentenced fourteen of the rebellion's leaders, including Shays, to death for treason. They were later pardoned by the newly elected Governor John Hancock. Only two men, John Bly and Charles Rose of Berkshire County, were hung for their part in the Rebellion. A new Massachusetts Legislature in Boston began to undertake the slow work of reform. On February 6, 1788, Massachusetts would become the sixth state to ratify the US Constitution and become the sixth state of the Union. http://www.sjchs-history.org/shays.html
1793 - Lucretia Mott (d. 1880) was born in Nantucket, Massachusetts. Abolitionist and feminist. One of the strongest voices for the rights of women and blacks in the US was Lucretia Coffin Mott, a birthright Quaker who lived most of her life in Philadelphia, the center of American Quakerism. The event that triggered her involvement in women's rights activity was richly ironic. She was an accredited delegate to an international anti-slavery convention in London, along with five other US women. The men in charge apparently saw nothing wrong with excluding all women from an assembly dedicated to advancing the rights of blacks. It was on the sidewalk outside the convention where Mott started her long association with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, with whom she was instrumental in establishing the basis for women's suffrage. She was a peacemaker between groups with different priorities, and campaigned (dressed in Quaker grey) for human rights into her 85th year. Her incisive, challenging mind, a clear sense of her mission, and a level-headed personality made her a natural leader and a major force in her time.
—Bleedster G. Armour Van Horn, “Twisted History.”
1807 - Birthday of Confederate General Joseph Johnston (d. 1891), near Farmville, VA. One of the most brilliant officers of the CSA but known for having many differences with President Jefferson Davis who wanted to run the war from his office. Johnston's troops were never directly defeated and he holds the record of most victories when he was in command.
1809 - Illinois Territory, including present-day Wisconsin, was established.
1811 - Birthday of Horace Greely (d. 1872), newspaper editor, Amherst, NH. Founded of the “New York Tribune” and one of the organizers of the Republican Party. Greely was an outspoken opponent of slavery. Best remembered for his saying, “Go west, young man.”
1821 - Elizabeth Blackwell (d. 1910), was born in Bristol, England. She was the first woman doctor in the United States.
After her graduation in 1849, she went to Paris to study which was then the world's foremost medical center, but Paris doctors proved as intolerant as their American colleagues. They would not permit her to study as a doctor. She was forced to enter a large maternity hospital as a student midwife. Because of an infection she contracted there, she lost the sight of one eye. When she returned to New York City in 1850, no hospital would allow her to practice there. Using funds donated by women, mostly Quakers, she and her sister opened the New York Infirmary for Women and Children, the first clinic for women examined and treated by women. After the Civil War, she returned to her native Britain where she continued to practice medicine.
1841 - Nauvoo Legion chartered by Illinois Charter and comprised of 5,000 Mormon men under the command of Lieutenant General Joseph Smith. The Nauvoo Legion was considered the “largest trained soldiery in the US except for the US Army.”
1862 - Thomas Edison printed the "Weekly Herald" and distributed it to passengers on a train traveling between Port Huron and Detroit, Michigan. It was the first newspaper printed on a train. It was a single sheet of approximately seven by eight inches, printed on both sides.
1862 – Birthday of George Tilyou (d. 1914), Brooklyn. Creator of Steeplechase Amusement Park, Coney Island. He grew up in a family that ran a Coney Island restaurant. While visiting the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893, he saw the Ferris wheel and decided to build his own on Coney Island; it immediately became the resort's biggest attraction. He added other rides and attractions, including a mechanical horse race course from which the park derived its name. Tilyou's "Funny Face" logo on the admission tickets became the iconic symbol of Coney Island and was later copied in Asbury Park, NJ as “Tillie,” the caricature that adorned several of the amusements there.
1865 - President Abraham Lincoln and his Secretary of State, William Seward, met to discuss peace with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens and others at Hampton Roads, VA. The meeting, which took place on board the ship “River Queen,” lasted four hours and produced no positive results. The Confederates sought an armistice first and discussion of reunion later, while Lincoln was insistent that the recognition of Federal authority must be the first step toward peace. New York Tribune editor and abolitionist Horace Greeley provided the impetus for the conference when he contacted Francis Blair, a Maryland aristocrat and presidential adviser. Greeley suggested that Blair was the "right man" with whom to open discussions with the Confederates to end the war. Blair sought permission from Lincoln to meet with Confederate President Jefferson Davis, and he did so twice in January, 1865. Blair suggested to Davis that an armistice be forged and the two sides turn their attention to removing the French-supported regime of Maximilian in Mexico. This plan would help cool tensions between North and South by providing a common enemy, he believed. Meanwhile, the situation was becoming progressively worse for the Confederates in the winter of 1864-65. In January, Union troops captured Fort Fisher and effectively closed Wilmington, North Carolina, the last major port open to blockade runners. Davis conferred with his vice president, Alexander Stephens, and Stephens recommended that a peace commission be appointed to explore a possible armistice. Davis sent Stephens and two others to meet with Lincoln at Hampton Roads, Virginia. Stephens asked if there was any way to stop the war and Lincoln replied that the only way was "for those who were resisting the laws of the Union to cease that resistance." The delegation underestimated Lincoln's resolve to make the end of slavery a necessary condition for any peace. The President also insisted on immediate reunification and the laying down of Confederate arms before anything else was discussed. In short, the Union was in such an advantageous position that Lincoln did not need to concede any issues to the Confederates. Robert M.T. Hunter, one of the delegation, commented that Lincoln was offering little except the unconditional surrender of the South.
After less than five hours, the conference ended and the delegation left with no concessions. On April 9, at Appomattox Court House, VA., Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. The Civil War was virtually ended.
Unfortunately President Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, DC, April 14. The war continued and on May 10, Jefferson Davis was captured at Irwinville, GA, by a contingent of Gen. James H. Wilson's cavalry, led by Lt. Col. Benjamin Pritchard. On May 29th President Andrew Johnson, Lincoln’s successor, issued a proclamation of amnesty.
1867 - In San Francisco, California, Joshua Norton I, "Dei Gratia" Emperor of the United States & Protector of Mexico, abolishes Congress and calls out the Army to clear out the riff-raff and crooks. “WHEREAS, a body of men calling themselves the National Congress are now in session in Washington City, in violation of our Imperial edict of the 12th of October last, declaring the said Congress abolished; WHEREAS, it is necessary for the repose of our Empire that the said decree should be strictly complied with; NOW, THEREFORE, we do hereby Order & Direct Major-General Scott, the Command-in-Chief of our Armies, immediately upon receipt of this, our Decree, to proceed with a suitable force & clear the Halls of Congress.”
1870 - The 15th Amendment granted that the right of citizens to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.
1874 - Birthday of Gertrude Stein (d. 1946) at Allegheny, PA. Avant-garde expatriate American writer, perhaps best remembered for her poetic declaration (in 1912): “Rose is a rose is a rose,” while living in Oakland, California. She lived most of her life in France with her lifelong companion Alice B. Toklas. Her word repetitions challenged readers to explore the various and deeper meanings of words such as "A rose is a rose is a rose." Coined the phrase "the lost generation” and used the word "gay” for the first time in literature. Renowned collector of modern French art. Stein's widely known quotation, "there is no there there" is also one of her most famous. It appears in “Gertrude Stein, Everybody's Autobiography” (1937) and is often applied to the city of her childhood, Oakland, California. Defenders and critics of Oakland have debated what she really meant when she said this in 1933, after coming to San Francisco on a book tour. She took a ferry to Oakland to visit the farm on which she grew, and the house she lived in near what is now 13th Avenue and E. 25th Street in Oakland. The house had been razed, and the farmland had been developed with new housing in the three decades since her father had sold the property and moved closer to the commercial hub of the neighborhood on Washington Street (now 12th Avenue). She wrote: “She took us to see her granddaughter who was teaching in the Dominican convent in San Raphael, we went across the bay on a ferry, that had not changed but Goat Island might just as well not have been there, anyway what was the use of my having come from Oakland? It was not natural to have come from there yes write about it if I like or anything if I like but not there, there is no there there...but not there, there is no there there. Ah Thirteenth Avenue was the same it was shabby and overgrown. ... Not of course the house, the house the big house and the big garden and the eucalyptus trees and the rose hedge naturally were not there any longer existing, what was the use ...”
1880 - Theodore Roosevelt declares his love for young Alice Lee of Boston, MA.
1882 - Docking in New York, Oscar Wilde is asked by customs if he has anything to declare; he replies: "Nothing but my genius."
1882 – P.T. Barnum bought his world famous elephant Jumbo
1894 - Birthday of Norman Rockwell (d. 1978), at New York, NY. American artist and illustrator especially noted for his realistic and homey magazine covers for the “Saturday Evening Post.”
1895 - Birthday of vocalist Frankie “Half-Pint” Jaxon (d. 1953), Montgomery, AL
1895 - Birthday of trumpeter Thomas “Kid” Valentine (d. 1987), Reserve, LA
1898 - Birthday of Lil Hardin Armstrong (d. 1971), in Memphis, Tennessee. Pianist, singer, orchestra leader. She had her own band in 1920's, also played with King Oliver. Married Louis Armstrong who played in HER band in 1925 (divorced 1938). Led all-women and all-men bands, toured Europe, and was the house musician for Decca records. Lil studied music at Fisk University, the Chicago College of Music and the New York College of Music where she earned her doctorate in 1929. Lil also studied fashion and in 1942, she staged her own fashion show in New York City. Lil's first job in the music field was playing sheet music at Jones's Music Store in Chicago in 1917. In 1920, Lil formed her own band at the Dreamland Cafe and in 1921, she joined King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band where she met Louis Armstrong. Lil and Louis married on February 5, 1924. Lil became the driving force behind Louis’ career. She taught him to read music and wrote the music for many of the tunes he composed. She was the feature singer with Louis' Hot Five and Hot Seven bands. Lil and Louis separated in 1931 and they divorced in 1938 although they remained close friends until they died. During the 1930s, Lil led several other recording groups, including the Hot Shots and the New Orleans' Wanderers. Lil also starred in Broadway shows including "Shuffle Along" and "Hot Chocolates." During the late 1930's, Lil recorded for Decca Records. She moved back to Chicago in the early 1940s and performed as a soloist in Chicago nightclubs including the Tin Pan Alley Club, the Mark Twain Lounge and the Garrick Stage Bar. She also made several European tours during this period. Lil continued to cut records until 1963 and stayed active in music all her life. She died of a massive heart attack on August 27, 1971 while playing the "St. Louis Blues" during a Louis Armstrong Memorial Concert just a short two months after Louis, himself passed on. She was 73 years old.
1899 – Louisiana state record low temperature, -16º F (-27º C), Minden.
1903 - Jack Johnson, first Black heavyweight champion, wins the “Negro Heavyweight Title.”
1907 - Birthday of James Michener (d. 1997), American author, born at New York, NY. Best known for massive, detailed novels, many of which were born in his workshop with assistants and researchers. His “Tales of the South Pacific” was the basis for the popular film and play “South Pacific.” A prolific author, his other works include “Sayonara,” “Iberia,” “Hawaii,” “Centennial,” “Alaska,” “Chesapeake,” and “Texas.” http://www.kirjasto.sci.fi/michene.htmHis
1910 - Mary Harris "Mother" Jones addresses Milwaukee brewery workers. Mother Jones spent two months working alongside women bottle-washers in one of the breweries during a period when she was not on the United Mine Workers payroll. Her report on their working conditions went like this: "Condemned to slave daily in the wash-room in wet shoes and wet clothes, surrounded with foul-mouthed, brutal foremen . . . the poor girls work in the vile smell of sour beer, lifting cases of empty and full bottles weighing from 100 to 150 pounds, in their wet shoes and rags, for they cannot buy clothes on the pittance doled out to them. . . . Rheumatism is one of the chronic ailments and is closely followed by consumption . . . An illustration of what these girls must submit to, one about to become a mother told me with tears in her eyes that every other day a depraved specimen of mankind took delight in measuring her girth and passing comments."
1912 - 32,000 textile mill workers were now involved in the "Bread and Roses" strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts. The Bread and Roses strike began last month and lasted for over nine weeks. Despite collusion by government and mill owners and their goons, strikers will not waver, even when 18-year-old Syrian worker John Rami is killed, when Annie Welzenbach and her two teenage sisters are arrested and dragged from their beds in the middle of the night, or when 200 police draw their clubs on February 19th and go after 100 women pickets, knocking them to the ground and beating them.
1913 - The 16th amendment was ratified, granting Congress the authority to levy taxes on income.
1917 - Downtown Miami, FL, reported an all-time record low of 27 degrees.
1917 - Tom Mooney trial begins in San Francisco. Martin Swanson, a detective with a long involvement in strikes and various labor confrontations in San Francisco, spent a couple of months trying to frame Mooney for an earlier bombing of PG&E power lines by offering bribes of $5,000 to several of Mooney's allies. He also maintained constant surveillance and harassment of Mooney, Billings and the anarchists Alexander Berkman & Emma Goldman, who were living at 569 Dolores in the Mission District. Over the next two years it was gradually revealed that Swanson was primarily responsible for finding and coaching false witnesses for the District Attorney. In spite of revelations showing all the evidence against them was faked and a convincing demolition of the state's case in each of the trials, Warren Billings and Tom Mooney were both convicted of first degree murder.
America free Tom Mooney
America save the Spanish Loyalists
America Sacco & Vanzetti must not die...
— Allen Ginsberg
1917 - The United States broke off diplomatic relations with Germany a day after the latter announced a new policy of unrestricted submarine warfare.
1918 - Birthday of comedian Joey Bishop (d. 2007), born Joseph Abraham Gottlieb, The Bronx. Perhaps best known as a member of the Frank Sinatra “Rat Pack”. He was also a favorite of the “Jack Paar Show,” Bishop later became of several who sought to take on the King of Late Night, Johnny Carson, and actually had a solid following for several years. He also starred in “The Joey Bishop Show” with Abby Dalton.
1918 - The Twin Peaks tunnel in San Francisco began service as the longest streetcar tunnel in the world at 11,920 feet.
1919 - The first meeting of the League of Nations took place in Paris.
1919 - Birthday of trumpet player Eugene “Snooky” Young (d. 2011), Dayton, Ohio
1922 – Comic actor and director Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle's trial ended in a hung jury. Arbuckle, who worked with Charlie Chaplin and launched Buster Keaton's career, was accused of manslaughter after the death of starlet Virginia Rappe. Rappe died of a ruptured bladder several days after the 350-pound Arbuckle allegedly sexually assaulted her at a wild drinking party in San Francisco. After two hung juries, Arbuckle was acquitted but his films were banned and withdrawn from circulation. He directed two features and several short films under the pseudonym William Goodrich. Arbuckle died in 1933 at the age of 46.
1926 - Birthday of great comedian Shelly Berman (d. 2017), born Chicago, Illinois
1927 - Bix Beiderbecke and Tram record “Singin' the Blues,” Okeh 40772.
1927 - President Calvin Coolidge signed a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission, "to bring order out of this terrible chaos." The President was speaking about the nation's then unregulated radio stations.
1928 – Birthday of Frankie Vaughn Abelson (d. 1999), Liverpool, England. As singer Frankie Vaughn, he recorded “Garden of Eden” and “Tower of Strength.”
1929 – Birthday of Russell Arms (d. 2012), Berkeley, CA. Singer on “Your Hit Parade.”
1930 - President Herbert Hoover appointed Charles Evans Hughes to be the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
1931 - The Arkansas state legislature passes a motion to pray for the soul of H. L. Mencken after he calls the state "the apex of moronia."
1933 - Birthday of alto sax player John Handy, Dallas, TX. My late father's favorite sax player. He and violinist Mike White would visit my late father often. He helped them get jobs on TV and for events early in their career.
1934 - The St. Louis Cardinals and the St. Louis Browns decided to cease broadcasting home games. The teams hope the move will result in better attendance at their ballparks.
1935 - Birthday of guitarist Johnny “Guitar” Watson (d. 1996), Houston, TX.
1935 - Birthday of singer Jody ‘Sugar Boy’ Williams, born Joseph Leon Williams (d. 2018), Mobile, AL.
1939 - The Baltimore Museum of Art exhibit Contemporary Negro Art opens. The exhibit, which will run for 16 days, will feature works by Richmond Barth, Aaron Douglas, Archibald Motley, Jr., and Jacob Lawrence's Toussaint L'Ouverture series.
1940 - Birthday of Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Francis Asbury “Fran” Tarkenton, Richmond, VA.
1941 - Jimmy Dorsey Band records, “Amapola,” Decca 3692.
1941 - Birthday of Hall of Fame golfer Carol Mann (d. 2018), born Buffalo, NY. She became a member of the LPGA Tour in 1961 and won two majors and 38 LPGA Tour events in all. She is a member of the World Golf Hall of Fame.
1942 - BIANCHI, WILLIBALD C., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, 45th Infantry, Philippine Scouts. Place and date: Near Bagac, Bataan Province, Philippine Islands, 3 February 1942. Entered service at: New Ulm, Minn. Birth: New Ulm, Minn. G.O. No.: 11, 5 March 1942. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action with the enemy on 3 February 1942, near Bagac, Province of Bataan, Philippine Islands. When the rifle platoon of another company was ordered to wipe out 2 strong enemy machinegun nests, 1st Lt. Bianchi voluntarily and of his own initiative, advanced with the platoon leading part of the men. When wounded early in the action by 2 bullets through the left hand, he did not stop for first aid but discarded his rifle and began firing a pistol. He located a machinegun nest and personally silenced it with grenades. When wounded the second time by 2 machinegun bullets through the chest muscles, 1st Lt. Bianchi climbed to the top of an American tank, manned its antiaircraft machinegun, and fired into strongly held enemy position until knocked completely off the tank by a third severe wound.
1943 - The Allied troopship S.S. Dorchester was torpedoed by a German sub and went down with a loss of 600 lives. As it sank, four chaplains gave up their lifejackets to shipmates, thereby also perishing in the icy waters. The bravery of Rev. Clark Poling (Dutch Reformed), Rev. George Lansing Fox (Methodist), Father John Washington (a Catholic priest) and Alexander David Goode (a Jewish rabbi) led Congress afterward to mark February 3rd as "Four Chaplains Day."
1944 - POWERS, LEO J., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, 133d Infantry, 34th Infantry Division. Place and date: Northwest of Cassino, Italy, 3 February 1944. Entered service at: Alder Gulch, Mont. Birth: Anselmo, Nebr. G.O. No.: 5, 15 January 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 3 February 1944, this soldier's company was assigned the mission of capturing Hill 175, the key enemy strong point northwest of Cassino, Italy. The enemy, estimated to be at least 50 in strength, supported by machineguns emplaced in 3 pillboxes and mortar fire from behind the hill, was able to pin the attackers down and inflict 8 casualties. The company was unable to advance, but Pfc. Powers, a rifleman in 1 of the assault platoons, on his own initiative and in the face of the terrific fire, crawled forward to assault 1 of the enemy pillboxes which he had spotted. Armed with 2 hand grenades and well aware that if the enemy should see him it would mean almost certain death, Pfc. Powers crawled up the hill to within 15 yards of the enemy pillbox. Then standing upright in full view of the enemy gunners in order to throw his grenade into the small opening in the roof, he tossed a grenade into the pillbox. At this close, the grenade entered the pillbox, killed 2 of the occupants and 3 or 4 more fled the position, probably wounded. This enemy gun silenced, the center of the line was able to move forward again, but almost immediately came under machinegun fire from a second enemy pillbox on the left flank. Pfc. Powers, however, had located this pillbox, and crawled toward it with absolutely no cover if the enemy should see him. Raising himself in full view of the enemy gunners about 15 feet from the pillbox, Pfc. Powers threw his grenade into the pillbox, silencing this gun, killing another German and probably wounding 3 or 4 more who fled. Pfc. Powers, still acting on his own initiative, commenced crawling toward the third enemy pillbox in the face of heavy machine-pistol and machinegun fire. Skillfully availing himself of the meager cover and concealment, Pfc. Powers crawled up to within 10 yards of this pillbox fully exposed himself to the enemy gunners, stood upright and tossed the 2 grenades into the small opening in the roof of the pillbox. His grenades killed 2 of the enemy and 4 more, all wounded, came out and surrendered to Pfc. Powers, who was now unarmed. Pfc. Powers had worked his way over the entire company front, and against tremendous odds had single-handedly broken the backbone of this heavily defended and strategic enemy position, and enabled his regiment to advance into the city of Cassino. Pfc. Powers' fighting determination and intrepidity in battle exemplify the highest traditions of the U.S. Armed Forces.
1945 - PEDEN, FORREST E., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Technician 5th Grade, U.S. Army, Battery C, 10th Field Artillery Battalion, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Biesheim, France, 3 February 1945. Entered service at: Wathena, Kans. Birth: St. Joseph, Mo. G.O. No.: 18, 13 February 1946. Citation: He was a forward artillery observer when the group of about 45 infantrymen with whom he was advancing was ambushed in the uncertain light of a waning moon. Enemy forces outnumbering the Americans by 4 to 1 poured withering artillery, mortar, machinegun, and small-arms fire into the stricken unit from the flanks, forcing our men to seek the cover of a ditch which they found already occupied by enemy foot troops. As the opposing infantrymen struggled in hand-to-hand combat, Technician Peden courageously went to the assistance of 2 wounded soldiers and rendered first aid under heavy fire. With radio communications inoperative, he realized that the unit would be wiped out unless help could be secured from the rear. On his own initiative, he ran 800 yards to the battalion command post through a hail of bullets which pierced his jacket and there secured 2 light tanks to go to the relief of his hard-pressed comrades. Knowing the terrible risk involved, he climbed upon the hull of the lead tank and guided it into battle. Through a murderous concentration of fire the tank lumbered onward, bullets and shell fragments ricocheting from its steel armor within inches of the completely exposed rider, until it reached the ditch. As it was about to go into action it was turned into a flaming pyre by a direct hit which killed Technician Peden. However, his intrepidity and gallant sacrifice was not in vain. Attracted by the light from the burning tank, reinforcements found the beleaguered Americans and drove off the enemy.
1945 - Birthday of broadcaster and Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Robert Allen “Bob” Griese, Evansville, IN.
1945 - Birthday of tuba player Bob Stewart, Sioux Falls, SD
1945 - The United States and the Philippine Commonwealth began a month-long battle to retake Manila from Japan.
1946 - Top Hits
“Symphony” - The Freddy Martin Orchestra (vocal: Clyde Rogers)
“I Can't Begin to Tell You” - Bing Crosby with the Carmen Cavallaro Orchestra
“Let It Snow” - Vaughn Monroe
“Guitar Polka” - Al Dexter
1947 - North America's Coldest Record Temperature: at Snag, in Canada's Yukon Territory, a temperature of 81 degrees below zero (Fahrenheit).
1947 - The temperature at Tanacross, AK, plunged to a record 75 degrees below zero.
1947 – Birthday of American author Paul Auster, born Newark, New Jersey.
1950 - The Ames Brothers, Ed, Gene, Joe and Vic, reached #1 on the pop music charts for the first time, with "Rag Mop." The brothers had many successes in their recording career: "You You You" , "The Man with the Banjo" and "The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane" , "Tammy" and "Melody d'Amour" . Ed Ames was formerly with the Russ Morgan band. After the brothers broke up in the late 1950s, he went on to have a successful television and recording career. In the 1960s, he recorded the hits "My Cup Runneth Over" and "Who Will Answer." On television, he played Mingo on "Daniel Boone." Ed is remembered for one of the "Tonight Show's" funniest moments when he competed with host, Johnny Carson, in a hand axe-tossing contest. Mingo won with hilarious consequences still shown in every celebration of "The Tonight Show."
1951 - For the sixth time, Dick Button won the United States figure skating title.
1951 - Tennessee Williams' play, "The Rose Tattoo," opened on Broadway.
1953 - Marine archeologist Jacques Cousteau became renowned worldwide for documenting his deep sea explorations. His first and most-lasting work, “The Silent World”, was published on this date. He attracted world attention when he salvaged a 1,000-pound Roman freighter near Marseilles. While in the French navy, he and engineer Emil Gargon invented the aqualung. However, Cousteau is best known for his television documentaries and book.
1953 - MURPHY, RAYMOND G., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve, Company A, 1st Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Korea, 3 February 1953. Entered service at: Pueblo, Colo. Born: 14 January 1930, Pueblo, Colo. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as a platoon commander of Company A, in action against enemy aggressor forces. Although painfully wounded by fragments from an enemy mortar shell while leading his evacuation platoon in support of assault units attacking a cleverly concealed and well-entrenched hostile force occupying commanding ground, 2d Lt. Murphy steadfastly refused medical aid and continued to lead his men up a hill through a withering barrage of hostile mortar and small-arms fire, skillfully maneuvering his force from one position to the next and shouting words of encouragement. Undeterred by the increasing intense enemy fire, he immediately located casualties as they fell and made several trips up and down the fire-swept hill to direct evacuation teams to the wounded, personally carrying many of the stricken marines to safety. When reinforcements were needed by the assaulting elements, 2d Lt. Murphy employed part of his unit as support and, during the ensuing battle, personally killed 2 of the enemy with his pistol. With all the wounded evacuated and the assaulting units beginning to disengage, he remained behind with a carbine to cover the movement of friendly forces off the hill and, though suffering intense pain from his previous wounds, seized an automatic rifle to provide more firepower when the enemy reappeared in the trenches. After reaching the base of the hill, he organized a search party and again ascended the slope for a final check on missing marines, locating and carrying the bodies of a machine gun crew back down the hill. Wounded a second time while conducting the entire force to the line of departure through a continuing barrage of enemy small-arms, artillery, and mortar fire, he again refused medical assistance until assured that every one of his men, including all casualties, had preceded him to the main lines. His resolute and inspiring leadership, exceptional fortitude, and great personal valor reflect the highest credit upon 2d Lt. Murphy and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
1954 - Top Hits
“Oh! My Pa-Pa” - Eddie Fisher
“Secret Love” - Doris Day
“Make Love to Me” - Jo Stafford
“Bimbo” - Jim Reeves
1956 - Autherine Lucy becomes the first Black student at the University of Alabama. She was suspended four days later following a riot and expelled on February 29.
1956 - Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins and Johnny Cash hold a recording session at Sun Studios in Memphis. The sessions are later named the "Million Dollar Quartet.”
1957 - Birthday of Marlon Riggs (d. 1994), Fort Worth, Texas. Fearless American filmmaker, black activist, AIDS martyr.
1958 - The Royal Teens' biggest hit, "Short Shorts" enters the US record charts on its way to number 3. The song was originally an instrumental warm up number that the group added silly lyrics to. The tune was recorded in about twenty minutes of left over studio time and released after a record label executive took a liking to it. I can still remember the lyrics and sing the song.
1959 - “The Day the Music Died.” The sudden death of rock-and-roll legends Charles Hardin “Buddy” Holly, age 22; Ritchie Valens, age 17; and JP “The Big Bopper” Richardson, age 24. Many of Holly’s songs came from a wire recording he made in his apartment that were put onto records after his death. “The Day the Music Died” is the theme of singer Don McLean's song, “American Pie,“ and is the date on which they were killed in a plane crash in a cornfield near Mason City, IA, in a driving snowstorm. Earlier that day, they had completed a concert with Dion & The Belmonts at the Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake, IA. Valenz had just recorded two back-to-back hits, “Donna” and “La Bamba.” The plane's pilot was not certified to fly by instruments, which was what he attempted to do in a driving snowstorm. It was determined that he could not see the stars nor the lights below because of the visual obstruction of falling snow and he misread the instrument panel. When the artists failed to arrive in Fargo for the concert, the then-unknown Bobby Vee took Buddy Holly's place. Holly greatly influenced rock groups and singers that came later, such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, and Bob Dylan. The tragic news of the three young entertainers' deaths devastated the world. Holly was buried in his hometown of Lubbock, Texas, and more than 1,000 people attended the funeral. Holly had started singing country music with high school friends but switched to rock and roll after opening for various rock singers, including Elvis Presley. By the mid-1950s, Holly and his band had a regular radio show and had toured internationally, playing hits like "Peggy Sue," "Oh, Boy!," "Maybe Baby," and "Early in the Morning." Holly wrote all his own songs and much of his work was released after his death, influencing such artists as Bob Dylan and Paul McCartney. Another crash victim, J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson, 28, had started out as a disk jockey in his native Texas but began writing songs during his two years in the army. He wrote songs for other artists, including "Running Bear," a chart-climbing song recorded by singer Johnny Preston. The most famous work performed by Richardson himself was the rockabilly "Chantilly Lace," which made the Top 10. He developed a stage show based on his radio persona, "The Big Bopper." The third crash victim was Ritchie Valens, born Richard Valenzuela who had already scored a No. 2 hit with the ballad "Donna." He had also hit No. 22 with "La Bamba," an upbeat number based on a traditional Mexican wedding song. In 1987, Valens' life was portrayed in the movie “La Bamba,” and the title song, performed by Los Lobos, became a No. 1 hit again. Singer Don McLean memorialized Holly, Valens, and Richardson in the 1972 No. 1 hit "American Pie," which was re-recorded by Madonna in 2000
1960 - Frank Sinatra forms his own label, Reprise Records.
1961 - Bob Dylan makes his first recordings, versions of "San Francisco Bay Blues" and "Jesus Met the Woman at the Well," at the home of friends Sid and Bob Gleason in East Orange, NJ.
1962 - Top Hits
“Peppermint Twist” - Joey Dee & The Starliters
“Can't Help Falling in Love” - Elvis Presley
“Norman” - Sue Thompson
“Walk on By” - Leroy Van Dyke
1962 - Gene Chandler's "The Duke of Earl" tops the Cashbox Best Sellers chart for the first of a five week stay.
1964 - The Beatles' "I Want to Hold Your Hand" b/w "I Saw Her Standing There" and their “Meet the Beatles!” album are all certified gold
1966 - In San Francisco, The Psychedelic Shop Grand Opening (Haight Street)
1967 - The Beatles record "A Day In The Life"
1968 - The Beatles record Paul McCartney's song "Lady Madonna" at EMI's Abbey Road studios. They accomplished this in just three takes.
1968 - An Oxford, Ohio group called the Lemon Pipers saw their only Billboard chart-maker, "Green Tambourine", reach #1.
1969 - John Lennon, George Harrison and Ringo Starr hire Allen Klein as the Beatles' business manager. Paul McCartney dissents and the hiring is contributing factor to the group's breakup.
1969 - The Steve Miller Band records "My Dark Hour"
1970 - Top Hits
“I Want You Back” - The Jackson 5
“Venus” - The Shocking Blue
“Whole Lotta Love” - Led Zeppelin
“A Week in a Country Jail” - Tom T. Hall
1971 - Country singer Lynn Anderson was awarded a gold record for her recording of Joe South's "Rose Garden," which topped both the country and pop charts.
1971 - New York City Police Officer Frank Serpico was shot during a drug bust and survived to later testify against police corruption. Many believe the incident proves that NYPD officers tried to kill him.
1973 - Elton John's "Crocodile Rock" hits #1.
1973 - President Richard Nixon signed the Endangered Species Act into law.
1973 - Convicted mass-murderer Juan V. Corona sentenced to 25 consecutive terms of life imprisonment.
1976 - Elvis Presley records "Solitaire"
1978 - Top Hits
“Baby Come Back” - Player
“Short People” - Randy Newman
“Stayin' Alive” - Bee Gees
“Out of My Head and Back in My Bed” - Loretta Lynn
1978 - It's the 19th anniversary of Buddy Holly's death. It's also the day on which his birthplace in Lubbock, Texas had been scheduled for demolition by the Lubbock Building Department. The Department had no idea the house had any association with the town's most famous son. However, a few days ago, a man bought the place, moved it intact, outside the city limits and fixed it up so his family could move in. He too, did not know the significance of the house and became the man who save Buddy Holly's birthplace by accident.
1978 - "Dead Man's Curve," a made-for-TV-movie about surf-rock singers Jan & Dean, airs on ABC-TV. Jan and Dean were classmates at University High School, West Los Angeles, California. It is the dramatization of the real-life accident wherein Dean Torrance, upon learning he had been drafted, crashed his Corvette at a high speed, leaving him partially paralyzed.
1979 - The Blues Brothers' album “Briefcase Full of Blues” hits #1.
1979 - The Minnesota Twins traded star first baseman Rod Carew to the California Angels for outfielder Ken Landreaux and three others. Carew hit .333 for the Twins in 1978 but had vowed never to play again for owner Calvin Griffith after he made disparaging remarks against black players a few months earlier. He went on to hit .318 for the Angels in 1979. He was inducted into the Hall of Fame in 1991.
1982 - The city of Memphis declared "Bar-Kays Day" in honor of the band that began as Otis Redding's backup group. Several members of the Bar-Kays died in the 1967 plane crash that killed Redding, but the group survived to have such hits as "Soul Finger" and "Shake Your Rump to the Funk."
1984 – John Buster and the research team at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center announced history's first embryo transfer, from one woman to another, resulting in a live birth.
1986 - The United States Weather Bureau officially named January of 1986 the warmest January since 1953. The average temperature in United States for that month was 38 degrees.
1986 - Top Hits
“That's What Friends are For” - Dionne Warwick & Friends
“Burning Heart” - Survivor
“I'm Your Man” - Wham!
“Just in Case” - The Forester Sisters
1988 - Arctic air continued to invade the central U.S. The temperature at Midland, TX plunged from a record high of 80 degrees to 37 degrees in just three hours. Morning lows in the higher elevations of Wyoming were as cold as 38 degrees below zero. Heavy snow blanketed southwestern Colorado, with 16 inches reported at Steamboat Springs.
1989 - On the 30th anniversary of Buddy Holly's death, Bobby Vee and the Crickets played a memorial concert before 1,700 fans in Fargo, North Dakota. Holly, Ritchie Valens, and the Big Bopper were on their way to Fargo when their plane crashed this date in 1959. It was Vee who took Holly's place in Fargo the night after the tragedy. It was the beginning of his career, and Vee went on to place 38 hits on Billboard's Hot 100 chart.
1989 - A winter storm brought heavy snow and high winds to the western U.S. Up to three feet of snow blanketed the Sierra Nevada of California, and buried parts of northeastern Washington State under three feet of snow in five days. High winds across Washington State reached 75 mph, with gusts to 105 mph. The morning low of 29 degrees below zero at Casper, WY was a record for the month of February. Wisdom, MT hit 53 degrees below zero. Missoula, MT reported a wind chill reading of 85 degrees below zero.
1990 - Thunderstorms developing ahead of a cold front produced severe weather over the central Gulf coast states during the afternoon and evening hours. Thunderstorms spawned seven tornadoes in Alabama, including one which touched down north of Birmingham injuring fifteen people and causing nearly three million dollars damage. A tornado at Margaret injured eleven persons and caused a million dollars damage
1990 - Quebec teen heartthrob Roch Voisine (ROCK VWAH-ZINN') won the best international French-language album award at a ceremony in Paris. His album "Helene" was at the top of the French chart at the time.
1990 - Jockey Willie Shoemaker (d. 2003) raced for the 40,352d and last time. He finished fourth at the Santa Anita Racetrack aboard 7-10 favorite "Patchy Groundfog." Shoemaker won 1100 stakes and 8,833 wins (a world record that stood until Laffite Pincay Jr. topped it in 1999) in 40,350 races. In 42 years, Shoemaker won 11 Triple Crown races, including four Kentucky Derbies, five Belmont Stakes, and three Preakness Stakes; 1,009 stakes races; and 10 national money titles. He earned more than $123 million in purses, about $10 million of which went into his pocket. (Shoemaker's life took a tragic turn on April 8, 1991, when he was left paralyzed from the neck down after an auto accident.)
1995 - Air Force Lt. Col. Eileen Collins became the first woman space-shuttle pilot as the space shuttle "Discovery" (STS-63) blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Florida. She was wearing a scarf that belonged to Amelia Earhart, and carried the pilot's license of early endurance flight champion Bobbi Trout, as well as items belonging to members of the Women Air Force Service Pilots who ferried military aircraft in the U.S. during WWII (and died) and from the women who applied and passed initial tests in NASA's Mercury program in the 1950's, but were turned down because of their gender. An Air Force test pilot, she was selected for the NASA space program in 1990, the first woman chosen as a space shuttle pilot. In December 1994, two more women were chosen.
1996 - Rap artist Queen Latifah was stopped by a California Highway Patrol officer and arrested for reportedly possession of a concealed, loaded handgun, possession of marijuana, and speeding as she was traveling west on Interstate 10. Pending the results of a sobriety test, she could also face DUI charges. The Grammy-winning singer was known for her anti-drug and anti-violent messages in her music and was a popular actress on the television sitcom “Living Single.” She is perhaps best known now for her role in the movie “Chicago,” and had her own talk show.
1996 - The first American serviceman killed during the Bosnia conflict was Sergeant First Class Donald Allen Dugan of Ridgeway, OH, a member of the peacekeeping force organized by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization that entered Bosnia-Hercegovina in December, 1995. Dugan was killed in an explosion in Sarajevo, Bosnia. The cause of the explosion was not determined.
1996 - Blues Traveler's "Run-Around" was on Billboard's Hot 100 singles chart for the 46th straight week, breaking the record held by Tag Team's "Whoomp! (There It Is)" and Crystal Waters' "100 Per Cent Pure Love."
1998 - Winger Dino Ciccarelli of the Florida Panthers became the ninth player in NHL history to score 600 regular-season goals. Ciccarelli tallied in the third period of a game against the Detroit Red Wings. The power-play goal earned Florida a 1-1 tie.
1998 - Attorneys General subpoena Microsoft. The antitrust suit against Microsoft expanded as attorneys general from several states issued new subpoenas regarding Microsoft's business practices in the pending launch of Windows 98. Microsoft's battle with the government during the next year would reveal secret deals with online providers, hardball tactics for promoting Internet Explorer, and other questionable practices. The government claimed such practices were ruthless and anticompetitive, but Microsoft called them just plain good business. However, Microsoft won on one point this day: An appeals judge agreed to suspend the investigation of a "special master," an expert on Internet law to whom Microsoft objected.
2001 - The XFL (Xtreme Football League) debuted. The league was created by Vince McMahon, mastermind behind the WWF (World Wrestling Federation). What was promoted as “Football the Way It Was Meant to Be Played” soon faded into painful memories for TV viewers and fans. The WWF apparently thought that it could pull in millions of wrestling fans to support the league, but was shocked when it discovered that actual football fans were the major supporters of the XFL, and these football fans were turned off by the wrestling-show influence on the games.
2002 - Super Bowl XXXVI: Among the biggest underdogs in Super Bowl history (14 points), the Patriots won the hearts of much of America by shutting down the "greatest show on turf" St. Louis Rams before Adam Vinatieri kicked a field goal on the final play of the game to win 20-17. After struggling to a 5-11 record in 2000, they began this season 1-3 and lost their starting quarterback, Drew Bledsoe, to injury. But backup Tom Brady replaced him and eventually led the team to nine straight wins, including the Super Bowl.
2008 - The Giants (14–6) won 17–14 over the previously undefeated Patriots (18–1). In doing so, the Giants became the first NFC wild card team to win a Super Bowl. They also became the sixth wild card seed from either conference, the fifth in eleven years, and second in three years, to earn an NFL championship. The first three quarters of Super Bowl XLII were largely a defensive battle, as both teams combined for only 10 points entering into the final quarter, with the Patriots leading 7–3. New York finally scored their first touchdown with 11:05 left in the game to take a 10–7 lead. Faced with third down and five yards to go from his own 44-yard line with 1:15 remaining, Giants quarterback Eli Manning avoided what looked like a sack, completed a 32-yard pass to wide receiver David Tyree, who made a leaping catch by pinning the ball on his helmet, which put them at New England's 24-yard-line. Four plays later, New York wide receiver Plaxico Burress caught the winning touchdown with 0:35 left. Manning, who threw both of his touchdown passes in the fourth quarter, was named the Most Valuable Player
2013 - Baltimore Ravens win Super Bowl XLVII. The Ravens defeated the 49ers, 34–31, handing the 49ers their first Super Bowl loss in franchise history after they became the first NFL team to win 5, in 1995. For the first time in Super Bowl history, the game featured two brothers coaching against each other – Jim and John Harbaugh - of the 49ers and Ravens, respectively. Baltimore built a 28–6 lead early in the third quarter before a partial power outage in the Superdome suspended play for 34 minutes. After play resumed, San Francisco scored 17 unanswered third-quarter points to cut the Ravens' lead, 28–23, and continued to chip away in the fourth quarter. With the Ravens leading late in the game, 34–29, the 49ers advanced to the Baltimore 7-yard line just before the two-minute warning but could not score. The Ravens then took an intentional safety in the waning moments of the game to preserve the victory. Baltimore quarterback Joe Flacco, who completed 22 of 33 passes for 287 yards and three touchdowns, was named Super Bowl MVP.
2014 - Peyton Manning, Denver Broncos QB, won a record fifth Associated Press MVP award. The award has never been won more than three times by a single NFL player.
2015 - A collision between a Metro North commuter train and a passenger vehicle killed six and injured 15 in Valhalla, NY.
Super Bowl Champions:
2002 - New England Patriots
2008 - New York Giants
2013 - Baltimore Ravens
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