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Leasing News is a website that posts information, news, and
entertainment for the commercial alternate financing,
bank, finance and leasing industries


Wednesday, June 24, 2020

Today's Leasing News Headlines

North Mill Equipment Finance Webinar
    Meet the Funder 3:00pm ET Wednesday June 24
Pawnee Leasing Back in Business
    Sends Notice to Their Brokers
Letter from Sender of Pawnee Leasing Back in Business
    Name With Held
U.S. Census Bureau Survey Shows
  Small Business Conditions Improving in June
    By Caity Witucki, Main Street Monday
Liquidity & Leverage
    Sales Makes it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP
Example: New Banner Help Wanted Ad Program
    $199 for Two Weeks
U.S. Trailer Net Orders Record Significant Improvement
    in May, But 71% Lower Y/Y
Dr. Dan Geller Believes Bank Below
    Required Liquidity
Academy for Lease & Finance Professionals
    Three Sessions, Two Virtual Online/One “In Person
Companies with 2 or More CLFP’s/Associates
    Adds 30 New Members
Chesswood Provides COVID-19 Update
    Encouraging June Collections, Bank Facility Amended
Chow Chow & Labrador Retriever Mix
    Fort Collins, Colorado
India Accounts for the Bulk of H-1B Visa Approvals
    Origin County of H-1B Visa recipient in FY 2019
News Briefs---
Fauci Warns Next 2 Weeks 'Will Be Critical'
    to Slowing Surges Around U.S.
Shipping delays plague country
   UPS drivers in SF Bay Area test positive for COVID-19 
Yosemite closes campgrounds over virus concerns
  Through the Month of July
The great American mall is in trouble
    So developers are rethinking it
JCPenney is closing another 13 stores
   Planning of closing 250 stores  30% of  846 locations
Apple, Google, Tesla CEOs slam Trump’s move
    to suspend immigrant visas
What to know about returning to work
     after coronavirus

You May have Missed---
A Tidal Wave of Bankruptcies Is Coming

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

  Sports Brief----
   California Nuts Brief---
    "Gimme that Wine"
     This Day in History
       Daily Puzzle
         Weather, USA or specific area
          Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.



Wednesday June 24

Register here:


Pawnee Leasing Back in Business
Sends Notice to Their Brokers

“Pawnee Leasing, Fort Collins, Colorado, a division of Chesswood Limited, Canada, sent out a notice: "Pawnee Leasing, your long trusted funding source since 1982, humbly and respectfully asks for another opportunity to be your preferred funding partner.  We apologize for the inconvenience we caused you, your vendors, and your customers, but we’re back, and ready to earn your business!

Pawnee Leasing Notice to Brokers:

Revised COVID-19 Broker Rates & Guidelines
   (25 pages).


Letter from Sender of Pawnee Leasing Back in Business
Name With Held

In their original announcement, they note," Unfortunately, we also have to inform you that if you have transactions in for funding, it will not be funded, nor are we able to honor any open approvals, effective immediately."

Pawnee Announcement Temporary Suspension of Originations
   Readers Reaction

Note from sender of Pawnee Announcement Back in Business:

"I need to remain anonymous but this announcement really bothers me for its lack of humility and contrition despite the wordsmithing. We were fortunate not having any outstanding approvals or deals in funding but Pawnee shafted many Brokers, Vendors and Customers without warning. They pulled the plug and left everyone else holding the bag with no warning. To me, this messaging is simply putting out words they are required to with no genuine apology or explanation, nor assurance that they have put into place any safeguards that will protect Brokers, Vendors & Customers in the future.

I’m certain many Brokers will respond like my most junior credit person. Yay, they’re back, finally😊!   I straightened him out quickly.  It’s highly unlikely we will ever work with Pawnee again. They showed their true character in crisis. They will need to prove to me that they have safeguards in place and somehow can explain their lack of integrity. And a small amount of genuine humility would be nice.  Unfortunately, I think I will be in the minority holding Pawnee accountable for their inexcusable behavior unless this issue is addressed more publicly.

Thanks for letting me vent.

(name withheld)


Leasing News tries to present all sides.

Pawnee Leasing has been around for many years with an excellent reputation in their specialty market. From our viewpoint, they informed brokers, gave extensions to lessees and borrowers, and found themselves in the difficult situation of trying to help their customers stay in business. They were not alone with these intentions, nor alone in having all the difficulties.

We should all be celebrating they are now open for business! I hope the writer of the complaint is in the minority and will consider giving Pawnee another chance.

- Editor

(See Parent Company Chesswood Group Press Release in Leasing News’ Press Release Section)


U.S. Census Bureau Survey Shows
Small Business Conditions Improving in June
By Caity Witucki, Main Street Monday

The U.S. Census Bureau recently conducted a follow-up to its survey on the impact of COVID-19 on small businesses. The thousands of responses that the U.S. Census Bureau received from business owners across the country indicate that small businesses are continuing to recover.

The initial survey was conducted in early April and follow-up surveys have been Published on a weekly basis. The U.S. Census Bureau's most recent survey made the following observations:

  • 41.3% of U.S. small businesses (down from 51.4% a month earlier) and 73.7% of U.S. accommodation and food services businesses (down from 83.5%) have experienced a large negative effect from the COVID-19 pandemic
  • 35.8% of U.S. small businesses (down from 44.9%) and 55% of U.S. retail trade businesses (down from 65.8%) experienced disruptions in their supply chain.
  • 50.3% of U.S. small businesses (down from 74%) have experienced decreased operating revenues
  • 13% of U.S. small businesses (down from 27.5%) had a decrease in the number of paid employees.
  • 26.5% of U.S. small businesses (down from 41.4%) and 52.8% of U.S. educational services businesses (down from 72.2%) temporarily closed one or more locations for at least one day.
  • 41% of U.S. small businesses (up from 31.4%) believe more than 6 months of time will pass before their business returns to its usual level of operations.

The Small Business Pulse survey is intended to complement existing U.S. Census Bureau data collections by providing high-frequency, detailed information on small business-specific initiatives such as the Paycheck Protection Program. Results from the survey may aid businesses in making decisions and assist researchers studying the impact and responses to COVID-19.

A state-by-state infographic can be found here.

Originally appeared in "Main Street Monday"
Coleman Report, 28081 Marguerite Pkwy.
#4525, Mission Viejo, CA 92690


Liquidity & Leverage

Sales Makes it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP

Top originators in the commercial equipment leasing and finance industry are aware of how liquidity and leverage impact activity, approvals, and fundings within the market. These two ratios have been greatly affected, for most companies, by the current pandemic and therefore, are primary considerations for every transaction.

Financial liquidity refers to how easily assets can be converted into cash. Assets like stocks and bonds are very liquid, since they can be converted to cash within days. However, large assets such as property, plant, and equipment are not as easily converted to cash. Cash equivalence is essential for the survival of most small and medium-size businesses. "CASH IS KING." Covid-19 has placed additional strain on financial liquidity for many clients. These strains have been temporarily diminished by government relief programs (ex: PPP funds, extensions on tax payments, etc.). Uncertainty remains regarding how small and medium-size businesses will emerge after the government programs wane, to what extent liquidity will impact a client's ability to resume full payments on existing debt, and more importantly, qualify for new transactions. 

Liquidity = (Current Assets - Inventory) / Current Liability

Financial leverage refers to the degree to which a company uses debt, in addition to its equity, to operate the company. Leverage is employed to increase the return on equity. The more debt financing a company uses, the higher its financial leverage. A high degree of financial leverage can negatively affect a company's ability to qualify for additional debt and will increase the cost of debt in  higher yielding loans and leases.

Leverage = Total Debt / Equity
Top originators in the commercial equipment leasing and finance industry are capable and willing to discuss liquidity and leverage concerns with their clients. They understand the powerful benefits of their products to assist in conserving today's cash position while creating manageable cash-flow payment streams that can be easily serviced over the term of the agreement. Top originators understand the positive influence that proper financial leverage provides to help their clients grow and prosper, while recognizing the negative impact of too much leverage. Top originators are more than sales representatives. They are financial advisors who protect the best interests of their companies and their clients.

Order via Amazon:  

Scott A. Wheeler, CLFP
Wheeler Business Consulting
1314 Marquis Ct.
Fallston, Maryland 21047
Phone: 410 877 0428
Fax: 410 877 8161

Sales Makes it Happen articles:



Example: New Banner Help Wanted Ad Program
$199 for Two Weeks

Ad Layout

Company Logo

Two Lines

Email or Web Page Job Information link or both

(Limited opportunity for five “Help Wanted” advertisers only)


Please note in this new ad: the first line is part of the logo, so it does not count as a line.

The next are the two lines, followed by email and telephone number.

To place a “Help Wanted” Banner Ad:


U.S. Trailer Net Orders Record Significant Improvement
in May, But 71% Lower Y/Y

May net US trailer orders of 3,107 units were a significant improvement from April but net orders were down 71% from May 2019’s level. Before accounting for cancellations, new orders of 7.4k units were up 29% versus April, according to this month’s issue of ACT Research’s State of the Industry: U.S. Trailer Report.

Frank Maly, Director–CV Transportation Analysis and Research at ACT Research, remarked, “Although up from April’s record low, May’s net orders will still rank as the second weakest in industry history.”

He added, “There is little incentive for fleets to invest in new equipment right now.”

Maly continued, “While there has been a general re-opening of the US economy and some post-quarantine consumer-generated surges have been reported, caution continues to be the watchword.” He commented, “Significant apprehension is being expressed about small-to-medium fleets and the concern is that the PPP lifelines many may have grasped will runout before a post-lockdown economy generates freight at sufficient volumes and profitable rates, which will have serious implications for both trailer OEMs and dealers.”



Dr. Dan Geller Believes Bank Below
Required Liquidity

Banks and credit unions may already be below the required liquidity mix to comply with the Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR) established by the Basel III framework.

The influx of $1 trillion into liquid accounts in the first three months of 2020 has changed the mix of deposits required by the Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR). The requirement, which became a minimum standard in January 2018, gives greater stability weight to term deposits of one-year or more. In Q1 of 2020, balances of one-year plus term decreased by 0. 59 percent; relative to liquid-account balances - from 4.77 in Q4 2019 to 4.18 percent in Q1 2020

The change in the mix of one-year plus term and liquid balances can adversely impact the "Available stable funding," which is defined as the portion of capital expected to be reliable over the time horizon considered by the NSFR, which extends to one year. The amount of such stable funding required is specific to each financial institution, and is monitored by their examining entity.

Dr. Dan Geller, the developer of the Theory of Money Anxiety and the President of Analyticom, remarked, “I anticipated this behavior ever since I observed the same phenomenon during the 2008/2009 financial crisis," said "I presented the Theory of Money Anxiety in numerus banking conferences, and even had the opportunity to discuss the theory with the FDIC Chairman Jelena McWilliams. I think that the current validation, and future application, of the Theory of Money Anxiety will help the banking sector improve its financials."




Academy for Lease & Finance Professionals
Three Sessions, Two Virtual Online/ One “In Person”

A screen shot from the first day of the first online Academy for
Leasing and Finance Professionals by U.S. Bank Equipment Leasing

The Academy for Lease and Finance Professionals (ALFP) is a three-day event designed to fully prepare an individual to sit for the CLFP exam assuming the attendee has already self-studied. During the first two days, all of the required sections of the CLFP exam are covered in-depth and on the third day, the exam is offered, but not mandatory.

Students are strongly advised to have read and studied The Certified Lease & Finance Professionals' Handbook prior to attending the class in order to ensure success.

     Great American Insurance Online ALFP (Public)  Virtual
     Aug 20 – 22, 2020
     301 E. 4th Street, Floor 23, Conference Room 1, Cincinnati, OH 45202 (map)

     North Mill Equipment Finance LLC (Public ALFP) Norwalk, CT  
         (at location)
     Sep 17 – 19, 2020
     301 Conference Center, 301 Merritt 7, Norwalk, CT 06851 (map)

     Ascentium Capital Private ALFP (Scottsdale, AZ)  Virtual
     Jan 7 – 9, 2021
     4141 N. Scottsdale Rd., Scottsdale, AZ 85251 (Keyser Conference Room) (map)

If you are interested in attending, please contact Reid Raykovich, Executive Director:

About Academy



Companies with 2 or More CLFP’s/Associates
Adds 30 New Members

Account Name CLFPs
First American Equipment Finance, a City National Bank Company 122
Ascentium Capital LLC 51
U.S. Bank Equipment Finance 39
Stearns Bank NA-Equipment Finance Division 36
Financial Pacific Leasing, Inc., an Umpqua Bank Company 34
Amur Equipment Finance 28
BB&T 25
AP Equipment Financing 19
Arvest Equipment Finance 18
ECS Financial Services, Inc. 18
Key Equipment Finance 15
Oakmont Capital Services, LLC 15
1st Source Bank 14
DLL 13
KLC Financial, Inc. 13
Stryker 13
International Decision Systems 12
Fleet Advantage, LLC 11
Canon Financial Services, Inc. 10
Ivory Consulting Corporation 10
BMO Harris 9
Great American Insurance 9
Northland Capital Financial Services, LLC 9
Orion First Financial LLC 9
Wintrust 9
Celtic Commercial Finance 8
BancorpSouth Equipment Finance 7
Beacon Funding Corporation 7
Odessa 7
The Huntington National Bank 7
Alliance Funding Group 6
First Foundation Bank 5
GreatAmerica Financial Services 5
LTi Technology Solutions 5
Navitas Credit Corp. 5
Northteq 5
Bank of the West 4
Commerce Bank 4
Marlin Capital Solutions 4
NCMIC Finance Corporation 4
UniFi Equipment Finance, Inc. 4
Bryn Mawr Equipment Finance, Inc. dba Bryn Mawr Funding 3
Centra Funding, LLC 3
Commercial Capital Company, LLC 3
ENGS Commercial Finance Co. 3
First National Capital Corporation 3
FirstLease, Inc. 3
FSG Capital, Inc. 3
Global Financial & Leasing Services LLC 3
Lease Corporation of America 3
Northpoint Commercial Credit, LLC 3
Partners Capital Group, Inc. 3
Providence Capital Funding, Inc. 3
Quality Leasing Co., Inc. 3
Taycor Financial 3
Western Equipment Finance 3
American Equipment Financial Services 2
Balboa Capital Corporation 2
BankFinancial, NA 2
BSB Leasing, Inc. 2
Cisco Systems Capital Corporation 2
Crossroads Equipment Lease & Finance LLC 2
Customers Bank Commercial Finance 2
Dakota Financial, LLC 2
Dell Financial Services 2
Diversified Capital Credit Corporation 2
Falcon Leasing 2
First Utah Bank 2
Hanmi Bank 2
Madison Capital LLC 2
Maxim Commercial Capital, LLC 2
North Mill Equipment Finance 2
OnPoint Capital, LLC 2
Pacifica Capital 2
Padco Financial Services, Inc. 2
Patriot Capital Corporation a Division of State Bank & Trust Company 2
Smarter Equipment Finance, LLC 2
Tamarack Consulting, Inc. 2
TCF Equipment Finance, a division of TCF National Bank 2
TimePayment Corporation 2
Univest Capital, Inc. 2



##### Press Release ############################

Chesswood Provides COVID-19 Update
Encouraging June Collections, Bank Facility Amended

TORONTO, - Chesswood Group Limited ("Chesswood" or the "Company") (TSX: CHW), a North American commercial equipment finance provider for small and medium-sized businesses, is today providing an update on the effects of COVID-19 on its business and banking activities.

What has been the extent of COVID-19 Related Accommodations to Borrowers?
Chesswood's U.S. businesses, Pawnee Leasing and Tandem Finance, finished May month-end with a total of 5,028 accounts (27% of their accounts) having received some form of payment accommodation. Most of these accounts received a two-month deferral of payments, to be made up in the future. These deferrals, provided at the onset of the pandemic, are no longer available.

In Canada, the pattern has been very similar for Blue Chip Leasing, but with a significantly lower percentage of payment accommodation (15% of its accounts). Blue Chip is now engaged with customers that received payment accommodation, as they return to their payment schedules.
On a case-by-case basis, some of our borrowers in the U.S. and Canada will receive transitional accommodation as they re-open their businesses and return to their payment schedules.

In both countries, portfolio data shows that payment accommodations were evenly distributed among our customers, regardless of credit profile.

What has happened in June so far?
Our American and Canadian businesses have each drafted automatic payments twice in June (June 1st and June 15th), as they always do. While these results are very recent and for just the one-month, Pawnee, Tandem and Blue Chip have seen strong levels of resumed payment compliance by customers that had been given accommodations. Customers that did not have payment accommodations made payments at traditional levels.

More specifically, over 90% of Pawnee and Tandem accommodated customers scheduled to pay in June by automatic debit, made their payments. Most of our customers pay through this method. Other customers that make payment by cheque or other means, in the remaining days of June, will enhance the amount collected by month-end.

"We are focused on managing payment terms with our customers to minimize losses, while taking a consultative approach with each customer that received a payment accommodation," said Barry Shafran, Chesswood's President and CEO. "We look forward to returning to our full originations tempo, once portfolio performance is normalized," Shafran added. 

What do we expect in the near term?
As businesses begin returning to operations – particularly in the U.S. – our customer service and collection teams are working with customers that received accommodations for the process of resuming their scheduled payments.

These discussions take place on a case-by-case basis. In small-ticket equipment finance, the best opportunity to mitigate potential future loss is by working directly with the customer. Our collection teams have extensive experience and are already accustomed to taking this approach with some near-prime customers in normal operating environments, as a fundamental way to mitigate loss.

We note that almost 75% of our U.S. customers have been making their payments and did not seek payment accommodations while in Canada 85% of our customers did not seek any payment relief.

We continue to expect modest new business originations in the near term, especially in the U.S., as underwriting standards remain stringent and in accordance with the COVID-19 related amendments to our revolving credit facility (see below).

What is the Company's Liquidity and Banking Position?
In addition to approximately CDN$20 million of cash on hand, our businesses have been generating positive operating cash flow each month (since the onset of COVID-19), with significantly reduced originations. We took steps to maximize monthly cash flows by reductions in management, Board, and other compensation in early April, and suspension of our dividend in May. These steps generated significant expense and cash flow savings.

As described in our May 13th press release, we temporarily halted new originations in the U.S., to settle upon appropriate COVID-19 related amendments to our revolving facility and have now resumed originations. The terms of this recent amendment limit originations in the U.S. to the moderate levels which were contemplated in our annual MD&A filed in March, while the effects of COVID-19 begin to appear and pass through our business.

While not in violation of any banking covenants, we approached all of our lenders in the early days of the onset of the pandemic, in anticipation of future stress on our covenants, to reach mutually acceptable terms for managing through these unprecedented circumstances.

Through three wholly owned subsidiaries in the U.S. and Canada, Chesswood Group Limited is North America's only publicly traded commercial equipment finance company focused on small and medium-sized businesses. Our Colorado-based Pawnee Leasing Corporation, founded in 1982, finances a highly diversified portfolio of commercial equipment leases and loans through relationships with over 600 independent brokers in the U.S. In Canada, Blue Chip Leasing Corporation has been originating and servicing commercial equipment leases and loans since 1996, and today operates through a nationwide network of more than 50 independent brokers. Located in Houston, Texas, Tandem Finance Inc. provides equipment financing to small and medium-sized businesses in the U.S. through the equipment vendor channel. Based in Toronto, Canada, Chesswood's shares trade on the Toronto Stock Exchange under the symbol CHW.

Learn more at: and

### Press Release ############################


Chow Chow & Labrador Retriever Mix
Fort Collins, Colorado


4 Years Old
Medium Size

Houston is a handsome 4 year old lab/Chow mix.

He is one active and friendly boy -- with people and dogs! He has been working on what it means to walk on a leash and has improved so much already! He is a handsome boy that cannot wait to join a family and finally be part of a pack!

If you are interested in this sweet boy, please submit an application through our website Petco will not be hosting any adoption events until further notice. If you have any questions please email

Breed and size disclosure: As a rescue all of our dogs come to us from high-kill shelters or other rescues, so we do not get a lot of background or information on these dogs. We occasionally receive the mother with the puppies, but in most cases both parents are unknown. Because of this we do not know the full breeding of the dogs. We are required to list the dogs based on the breeds provided to us on their records, but they are all mixed breeds as far as we know, and we cannot guarantee the actual breeds of any of these dogs. Since the full breeding of the dogs is unknown we can also only give you an educated guess on the full-grown size of the dogs. All of the current information we have on the dogs is listed in their bio above. More information may be available at our adoption event, since a lot of the fosters turn in report cards on how the dog has done in their care when they drop them off.

Adoption Process: If you are interested in adopting from us, the first step of our adoption process is to fill out an application online at It takes us 24-48 hours to process your application and get back to you, via email. Applications turned in Friday afternoon or Saturday morning will not be processed since we are preparing for or at our adoption event. We do have applications on site at our events, but are not always able to approve them at that time and many of the dogs will already have holds on them, so we suggest you fill out an application prior to attending an adoption event. We can place a hold on one dog per approved applicant after a deposit fee has been received, please do not ask to hold a dog if you have not turned in an application and been approved, for the first hour of our adoption event, so that they can get the first chance to meet and hopefully adopt that dog. After the first hour of the event all dogs are available on a first come, first serve basis. If you already have an approved application on file, there will just be more paperwork and the adoption fee at the event, but you will be able to take home the dog/puppy that day. Since we are foster based and do not have a location, our dogs are only available to meet at our events, unless otherwise noted.

All Aboard Animal Rescue
Located in Whole Foods Center
1721 W Harmony Rd
Fort Collins, CO 80526
(970) 286-9902

Monday - Friday
By Appointment Only
10:00 am - 1:00 pm



The Trump administration has announced that it is imposing a temporary ban on visas for foreign workers as well as extending it for green cards issued outside the United States.

By Niall McCarthy, Statista

H-1B: Minimal effects expected from Trump’s
   visa suspensions, green card freeze


News Briefs----

Fauci Warns Next 2 Weeks 'Will Be Critical'
    to Slowing Surges Around U.S.

Shipping delays plague country
   UPS drivers in SF Bay Area test positive for COVID-19

Yosemite closes campgrounds over virus concerns
  Through the Month of July

The great American mall is in trouble
    So developers are rethinking it

JCPenney is closing another 13 stores
    target of closing 250 stores  30% of  846 locations

Apple, Google, Tesla CEOs slam Trump’s move
    to suspend immigrant visas 

What to know about returning to work
     after coronavirus



You May Have Missed---

A Tidal Wave of Bankruptcies Is Coming


Sports Briefs---

FBI says Bubba Wallace not a target of a hate crime

NASCAR drivers rally around Bubba Wallace at Talladega:
   "We want to stand with our friend"

Raiders finally get together at their new Nevada facility

Tom Brady, Tampa Bay Buccaneers teammates hold workout
    despite NFLPA warning on coronavirus

10 most intriguing games of 2020 NFL regular season:
   Top QBs, powerhouse teams to square off

Seahawks, Ravens have discussed signing Antonio Brown

Rams OC wants Jared Goff to take 'ownership' of offense in 2020

Novak Djokovic tests positive for coronavirus
   after Adria Tour event


California Nuts Briefs---

With California’s COVID-19 hospitalizations rising,
   Gavin Newsom says his mask order isn’t optional

Newsom, legislators reach California budget deal
    that counts on federal bailout



“Gimme that Wine”

Sonoma County wineries grapple with keeping
   workers safe as annual harvest nears

Undocumented Farmworkers Are Refusing COVID Tests
    for Fear of Losing Their Jobs

Wine Country has reopened, but a rise
   in coronavirus cases stirs fears

Free Wine App

Wine Prices by vintage


This Day in History


    1497 - The first European to set foot on the North American continent after the Vikings was John Cabot (also spelled Cabot, Cabotto, Caboote, Gabote, Calbot, or Talbot), a mariner who was probably born in Genoa, Italy.  In 1496, King Henry VII of England granted Cabot a charter to sail west to Asia and set up a spice-trade monopoly. Cabot's ship, a 70-foot caravel called the Matthew, embarked from Bristol, England, on May 27, 1497, and arrived on the coast of Newfoundland---or possibly Maine---on June 24. After planting the English and Venetian flags, Cabot and his men spent a few hours exploring the landing site, then returned to their ship. According to historians, Christopher Columbus was attempting to follow
Cabot’s route; however, he never landed in North America, but in the
what is now called the Caribbean.
    1579 - The first Christian religious service in English on the Pacific Coast was the Holy Communion service conducted at San Francisco Bay, CA, by the Reverend Francis Fletcher, who read from the Book of Common Prayer of the Church of England.  Fletcher was chaplain on Sir Francis Drake's ship, the Golden Hind, during its voyage of circumnavigation from 1577 to 1580.  Drake named the place Nova Albion, Latin for New England.  A 57-foot marble cross commemorates the event in Golden Gate Park.  There is a controversy this day as to where he actually anchored; many think it is Bolinas Bay in Marin County, as his log so indicates, and a plaque so describes (but that is another story).  He navigated the North Coast of California.
    1647 - The first woman in America to appeal for the right to vote was Margaret Brent, a niece of Lord Baltimore, the founder of the colony of Maryland. She came to America from England in January, 1638, and was the first woman in Maryland to own property in her own name. She became one of the colony's principal landowners and a person of influence, raising troop of soldiers in 1644.  On June 24, 1647, she appealed for the right to vote in the colonial assembly by virtue of her position as secretary to Governor Leonard Calvert, asking for a “place and voyce,” but was ejected from the meetings. At the death of Calvert, she became his executor and acting governor, president over the General Assembly, but was refused a voice in the affairs of the government as “it would set a bad example to the wives of the colony.”  She moved to Virginia in 1650.
    1664 – The New Jersey colony was established.  Dutch and Swedish settlers founded parts of the present state as New Netherland and New Sweden. In 1664 the entire area, surrendered to the English, gained its current name. With the Treaty of Westminster in 1674, London formally gained control of the region; it retained that control until the Revolutionary War.  Charles II gave the region between New England and Maryland to his brother, the Duke of York), which was renamed Mew York. Soon thereafter, he granted the land between the Hudson River and the Delaware River to two friends who had been loyal to him through the English Civil War, Sir George Carteret and Lord Berkeley of Stratton. That part of New Netherland was named New Jersey after the English Channel Island of Jersey.  
    1675 – In colonial New England, King Philip’s War begins when a band of Wampanoag warriors raid the border settlement of Swansee, Massachusetts, and massacre the English colonists there. In the early 1670s, 50 years of peace between the Plymouth colony and the local Wampanoag Indians began to deteriorate when the rapidly expanding settlement forced land sales on the tribe. Reacting to increasing Native American hostility, the English met with King Philip, chief of the Wampanoag, and demanded that his forces surrender their arms. The Wampanoag did so, but in 1675, a Christian Native American who had been acting as an informer to the English was murdered, and three Wampanoag were tried and executed for the crime. King Philip responded by ordering the attack on Swansee on June 24, which set off a series of Wampanoag raids in which several settlements were destroyed and scores of colonists massacred. The colonists retaliated by destroying a number of Indian villages. The destruction of a Narragansett village by the English brought the Narragansett into the conflict on the side of King Philip and, within a few months, several other tribes and all the New England colonies were involved. In early 1676, the Narragansett were defeated and their chief killed, while the Wampanoag and their other allies were gradually subdued. King Philip’s wife and son were captured, and on August 12, 1676, after his secret headquarters in Mount Hope, Rhode Island, was discovered, Philip was assassinated by a Native American in the service of the English. The English drew and quartered Philip’s body and publicly displayed his head on a stake in Plymouth. King Philip’s War, which was extremely costly to the colonists of southern New England, ended the Native American presence in the region and inaugurated a period of unimpeded colonial expansion.
    1714 - Considered the birthday of Matthew Thornton (1714-1803), signer of the Declaration of Independence, born in Ireland.
    1813 - Birthday of Henry Ward Beecher (1813-87), famous American clergyman and orator, at Litchfield, CT.  His dying words were, “Now comes the mystery.”
    1816 - The cold weather of early June finally gave way to several days of 90-degree heat in Massachusetts, including a reading of 99 degrees at Salem. 
    1839 – Birthday of Gustavus Swift (d. 1903), at Sandwich, MA.  He was an industrialist who revolutionized the meat-packing industry.  He developed the refrigerator railcar that allowed the transportation of processed meat, and his company was one of the first that implemented vertical integration of multiple departments within the organizational structure.  He used animal by-products for products such as glue, fertilizer and soap.
    1842 - Ambrose Bierce (1842-1914) was born in Meigs County, Ohio. American newspaper columnist, satirist, essayist, short-story writer and novelist who disappeared in the Mexican Revolution. Presumably died in the siege of Ojinega in January, 1914. Strongly influenced by Edgar Allan Poe, whose experiences in the Civil War marked him for life.
    1846 - Col. Castro's forces from Monterey, under the command of Joaquín de la Torre, fought the "Battle of Olompali" north of San Rafael with Frémont's troops from Sonoma. Two Americans and five or six Californios were killed. (one time home of the Grateful Dead) 
    1850 - The San Francisco Town Council passed an ordinance for the proper organization of the Fire Department. Rules and regulations were adopted for the first time. Destruction by fire was common in the West, as it was earlier in the East, and having a fire department was paramount for survival in a city due to all the buildings being made of wood and lighted by gas or oil wick. 
    1864 – Colorado Governor John Evans warns that all peaceful Indians in the region must report to the Sand Creek reservation or risk being attacked, creating the conditions that will lead to the infamous Sand Creek Massacre.
    1869 - Abolitionist Mary Ellen "Mammy" Pleasant is named Voodoo Queen of San Francisco. 
    1880 - Agnes Nestor (d. 1948) birthday, Grand Rapids, MI.  U.S. labor leader.  She emerged as the leader of the 1898 women glove-maker's strike in Chicago when she was only 18. The strike victory ended the pay deduction women had to pay for the rental of the machines the women used to sew gloves. A short time later, she led the women into their own union because men did not always support women's needs. She held posts with the International Glove Workers Union for the rest of her life and served as president of the Chicago Women's Trade Union League, 1913-1948.   She was a longtime advocate of the eight-hour day that became a reality in 1937. Child labor, minimum wage, maternity-health, and women's suffrage were also part of her life's work. k/USAWnestor.htm
    1880 - "O Canada," with music by Calixa Lavallee and French lyrics by Judge A.B. Routhier, was performed for the first time at the Skaters' Pavilion in Quebec City. Three bands, playing together, performed "O Canada" during a banquet at a national convention of French Canadians. Canada's future national anthem was reported to have been received enthusiastically. 
    1885 - The first African-American Episcopal bishop was the Reverend Samuel David Ferguson, who was elected to the House of Bishops of the Protestant Episcopal Church.   He was consecrated in 1885, at Grace Church, New York City, as the successor of the Missionary Bishop of Liberia.
    1895 - Birthday of William Harrison “Jack” Dempsey (1895-1983), boxing heavyweight champion and sports icon of the 1920s, at Manassa, CO. Dempsey boxed under several pseudonyms in western mining camps, came east and picked up Jack “Doc” Kearns as his manager. After defeating all available heavyweights, Dempsey took on champion Jesse Willard in Toledo, OH, on July 4, 1919.  Dempsey won when Willard failed to answer the bell for the fourth round.  He reigned as champ for seven years but defended his title only six times, losing to Gene Tunney in 1926.  Following his boxing career, he became a successful New York restaurateur. 
    1900 - Blues singer-guitarist Memphis Minnie was born Lizzie Douglas (d. 1973), Algiers, LA.
    1916 - Birthday of John Ciardi (1916-86) at Boston, MA.  American poet, critic, translator, teacher, etymologist and author of children's books.  John Anthony Ciardi's criticism and other writings were often described as honest.
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    1916 - The most lucrative movie contract to the time was signed by actress Mary Pickford. She inked the first seven-figure Hollywood deal. Pickford would get $250,000 per film with a guaranteed minimum of $10,000 a week against half of the profits, including bonuses and the right of approval of all creative aspects of her films. Not a bad deal for the former vaudeville and stage actress, who once appeared on Broadway with Cecil B. DeMille in "The Warrens of Virginia" for a measly $25 a week.
    1917 - Portia White’s (1917-68) birthday, Truro, Nova Scotia.  African-Canadian concert and operatic contralto.
    1922 - The American Professional Football Association took on a new name. They decided to name themselves the National Football League.
    1924 - Six men at a rock quarry south of Winston-Salem, NC, sought shelter from a thunderstorm. The structure chosen contained a quantity of dynamite. Lightning struck a near-by tree causing the dynamite to explode. The men were killed instantly.
    1929 - Bessie Smith records sound-track for her only movie, “St. Louis Blues.”
    1930 - Dr. Albert Hoyt Taylor and Leo C. Young of the Naval Aircraft Radio Laboratory, Anacostia, DC (now part of Washington DC), discovered radar by noting that airplanes reflect radio waves even though they fly above the transmitter and receiver, rather than between them.
    1931 - Lili de Alvarez shocks social propriety by playing at Wimbledon in shorts instead of the longish, hampering dresses that were de rigueur.
    1936 - Mary Jane McLeod Bethune (1875-1955), born in Mayesville, SC, the daughter of slaves, became the first Federal administrator who was an African-American woman.  President Franklin Delano Roosevelt named her director of the Negro Division of the National Youth Administration.  In 1904, Bethune founded the Daytona Normal and Industrial Institute for Negro Girls, later known as Bethune-Cookman College, located in Daytona Beach, FL.  She was also the founder and first president of the National Council of Negro Women. In 1991, her home and offices in Washington, DC, were designated a national historic landmark.
   1942 - Pianist Bruce Johnston was born Benjamin Baldwin in Peoria, IL. He joined the touring version of The Beach Boys in 1965 when Brian Wilson decided to quit touring after a nervous breakdown. Johnston has continued to be associated with The Beach Boys over the past quarter century, both as performer and producer.|PM&p=amg&sql=B18553
(My high school friend, who also played piano in my band, and he would reciprocate when someone was sick in his band and he needed a replacement.
    1944 - Jeff Beck, one of the great rock guitarists, was born in Surrey, England. Beck's first important band was the Yardbirds, where he was the replacement for Eric Clapton in 1964. In 1967, he formed the Jeff Beck Group with Rod Stewart and Ron Wood. The beginnings of heavy metal could be heard in the group's blues-based songs. The Jeff Beck Group broke up after only two albums, and Beck was then sidelined for 18 months with a fractured skull suffered in a car accident. A new Jeff Beck Group put out two more LPs before Beck formed a band with two former members of Vanilla Fudge, Tim Bogert and Carmen Appice. But that group dissolved as well, in 1974. Beck then began playing fusion music, often in collaboration with keyboards player Jan Hammer. Jeff Beck has made only rare appearances since 1980, but his aggressive style has heavily influenced rock guitarists who followed him.
    1947 - Mick Fleetwood, drummer with Fleetwood Mac, was born in London. Originally a blues band when it was formed in 1965, Fleetwood Mac developed into a pop group that put out one of the world's best-selling albums, "Rumours," in 1977. It sold 15-million copies. In 1980, Mick Fleetwood recorded a solo album in Ghana with African musicians. Fleetwood Mac made a comeback in 1987 with the album "Tango in the Night." He lives in Hawaii, where he has a restaurant in Lahaina.  Fleetwood Mac was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998.
    1948 - In the early days of the Cold War, the Soviet Union challenged the West's right of access to Berlin. The Soviets created a blockade and an airlift to supply some 2,250,000 people resulted. The airlift lasted a total of 321 days and brought into Berlin 1,592,787 tons of supplies. Joseph Stalin finally backed down and the blockade ended on May 12, 1949. 
    1948 - Thomas Dewey of New York became the first presidential candidate to be re-nominated after a defeat.  He lost to Franklin Delano Roosevelt in 1944 and won re-nomination this day in 1948.  He was defeated in the 1948 election by Harry S. Truman, Roosevelt's Vice-President who assumed office after the death of the President in office.  The newspapers of the Election Day had printed up early morning editions that said “Dewey Wins,” but it was Truman, who stumped for election all over the United States, pulling one of the biggest American political upsets. He won 24,104,836 popular votes to Dewey's 21,969,500; the electoral vote was 304 to 189.  Dewey received 22,006,285 votes in 1944 but only 99 electoral votes.  In the 1948 election, Strom Thurmond, States Rights Democrat, 1,169,312; Henry A. Wallace, Progressive, 1,157,172, which pollsters said would draw votes from Truman in the South.  The key was Truman went out and worked for the votes, train stop-to-train stop, where the mustached Dewey and his advisors thought he had the election in the bag.
    1949 - “Hopalong Cassidy” premiered on television, the first TV western.  It starred William Boyd in the title role as a hero who wore black and rode a white horse, Topper.   The original episodes were segments edited from 66 movie features of Hopalong Cassidy and his sidekick, Red Connors, played by Edgar Buchanan.  The films were so popular that Boyd produced episodes especially for TV with Gabby Hayes as his sidekick. During his reign, Hoppy had many sidekicks.  It was popular for us boys to wear his two six guns and black hat.  Television was about to introduce many Western heroes, as all the Saturday Western movies were brought back to the tube.

    1949 – Phyllis George (d. 2020) was born in Denton TX.  A former Miss America (1970), she was the first woman to hold an on-air position in a national televised sports broadcasting show when she became an anchor on the CBS Sports pre-game show, “The NFL Today."
    1951 - *BENNETT, EMORY L., Medal of Honor.
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company B, 15th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Sobangsan, Korea, 24 June 1951. Entered service at: Cocoa, Fla. Born: 20 December 1929, New Smyrna Beach, Fla. G.O. No.: 11, 1 February 1952. Citation: Pfc. Bennett a member of Company B, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an armed enemy of the United Nations. At approximately 0200 hours, 2 enemy battalions swarmed up the ridge line in a ferocious banzai charge in an attempt to dislodge Pfc. Bennett's company from its defensive positions. Meeting the challenge, the gallant defenders delivered destructive retaliation, but the enemy pressed the assault with fanatical determination and the integrity of the perimeter was imperiled. Fully aware of the odds against him, Pfc. Bennett unhesitatingly left his foxhole, moved through withering fire, stood within full view of the enemy, and, employing his automatic rifle, poured crippling fire into the ranks of the onrushing assailants, inflicting numerous casualties. Although wounded, Pfc. Bennett gallantly maintained his l-man defense and the attack was momentarily halted. During this lull in battle, the company regrouped for counterattack, but the numerically superior foe soon infiltrated into the position. Upon orders to move back, Pfc. Bennett voluntarily remained to provide covering fire for the withdrawing elements, and, defying the enemy, continued to sweep the charging foe with devastating fire until mortally wounded. His willing self-sacrifice and intrepid actions saved the position from being overrun and enabled the company to affect an orderly withdrawal. Pfc. Bennett's unflinching courage and consummate devotion to duty reflect lasting glory on himself and the military service. 
    1951 - Twelve inches of hail broke windows and roofs, and dented automobiles, causing more than $14 million damage. The storm plowed 200 miles from Kingmand County, KS into Missouri, with the Wichita area hardest hit. It was the most disastrous hailstorm of record for the state of Kansas. 
    1951 - Top Hits
“Too Young” - Nat King Cole
“On Top of Old Smokey” - The Weavers (vocal: Terry Gilkyson)
“How High the Moon” - Les Paul & Mary Ford
“I Want to Be with You Always” - Lefty Frizzell
    1952 - President Harry Truman signs the bill that directs women be commissioned officers in the Army, Navy, and Air Force as various medical specialists such as dentists, doctors, osteopaths, and veterinarians.
    1952 - Thunderstorms produced a swath of hail 60 miles long and 3.5 miles wide through parts of Hand, Beadle, Kingsbury, Miner and Jerauld counties in South Dakota. Poultry and livestock were killed, and many persons were injured. Hail ten inches in circumference was reported at Huron, SD.
    1952 - Eddie Arcaro set a thoroughbred racing record for American jockeys by winning his 3,000th horse race.
    1953 - Al Kaline signed with the Detroit Tigers following his graduation from high school. The future all-star and Hall of Famer of the Tigers was 18 years old.
    1955 - In an effort to speed up the game, primarily for television viewers, Major League baseball announces a new rule which requires a pitcher to deliver the ball within 20 seconds after taking a pitching position.
    1957 - Duke Ellington and Ella Fitzgerald session on Verve “Take the A Train.”
    1959 - Top Hits
“Personality” - Lloyd Price
“Lonely Boy” - Paul Anka
“Along Came Jones” - The Coasters
“The Battle of New Orleans” - Johnny Horton
    1961 - President John F. Kennedy assigned Vice-President Lyndon Johnson with unifying the US satellite program. Not given proper credit,
President Johnson played a significant role in the development of satellites.
    1962 - The longest game ever played in Yankee history ends thanks to a home run hit by Jack Reed in the 22nd inning. The Mississippi native's lone big league career homer helps the Bronx Bombers beat Detroit in Tiger Stadium, 9-7.
    1964 - Sam Cooke starts a two week stay at New York's Copacabana Club. A 70-foot billboard announcing the engagement is erected in Times Square
    1966 - Lenny Bruce and Mothers of Invention @ S.F. Fillmore Auditorium
Artist: Wes Wilson & Edmund Shea 
    1966 - Show: Zig-Zag Man, Big Brother and the Holding Company, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Bill Ham @ SF Avalon Ballroom

Artist: Stanley Mouse 
    1966 - John Lennon's second whimsical book of original prose, poetry, and drawings, entitled “A Spaniard In The Works,” is published in his native England
    1966 - In an watershed moment for the brother/sister duo later known as the Carpenters, the jazz combo known as the Richard Carpenter Trio wins the Hollywood Bowl's "Battle of the Bands" contest.
    1966 - With the McCoys and the Standells opening, the Rolling Stones' 1966 tour begins at the Manning Bowl in Lynn, Massachusetts, inciting yet another crowd riot that the police counteract with tear gas. Rock concerts are banned from the venue for nearly two decades.
    1967 - 5th Dimension make their TV debut performing their hit single "Up, Up and Away" on ABC's American Bandstand.
    1967 - Guitarist Zal Yanovsky quits the Lovin' Spoonful after their gig at the Forest Hills Music Festival in New York.
    1967 - Procol Harum's "A Whiter Shade of Pale" enters the Billboard chart, where it will peak at #5. The song was written by the band around a melody composed by the group's organist, Matthew Fisher, who was inspired by the chord progression of Johann Sebastian Bach's "Orchestral Suite in D," composed between 1725 and 1739. 
    1967 - Top Hits
“Groovin'” - The Young Rascals
“She'd Rather Be with Me” - The Turtles
“Windy” - The Association
“All the Time” - Jack Greene
    1968 - Jim Northrup becomes the sixth big leaguer to hit two grand slams in the same game. The “Slammer’s” power surge in the fifth (off Eddie Fisher) and sixth (off Billy Rohr) frames enables the Tigers to rout the Indians at Cleveland Stadium, 14-3.
    1970 - On an amendment offered by Senator Robert Dole (R-Kansas) to the Foreign Military Sales Act, the Senate votes 81 to 10 to repeal the Tonkin Gulf Resolution. In August, 1964, after North Vietnamese torpedo boats attacked U.S. destroyers (in what became known as the Tonkin Gulf incident), President Johnson asked Congress for a resolution authorizing the president "to take all necessary measures" to defend Southeast Asia. Subsequently, Congress passed Public Law 88-408, which became known as the Tonkin Gulf Resolution, giving the president the power to take whatever actions he deemed necessary, including "the use of armed force." The resolution passed 82 to 2 in the Senate, where Wayne K. Morse (D- Oregon) and Ernest Gruening (D-Alaska) were the only dissenting votes; the bill passed unanimously in the House of Representatives. President Johnson signed it into law on August 10. It became the legal basis for every presidential action taken by the Johnson administration during its conduct of the war.
    1972 - "I Am Woman," by Helen Reddy, was released by Capitol Records. The number one tune (December 9, 1972) became an anthem for the feminist movement. Reddy, from Australia, made her stage debut when she was only four years old. She had her own TV program in the early 1960s. Reddy came to New York in 1966 and has appeared in the films "Airport 1975," "Pete's Dragon" and "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band." Reddy also had four million-sellers: "I Am Woman," "Delta Dawn," "Leave Me Alone (Ruby Red Dress)" and "Angie Baby." She had a total of 14 hits on the pop music charts.  
    1972 - At tonight's show in Fort Worth, TX, the Rolling Stones film the performance that would become the quadrophonic concert documentary “Ladies And Gentlemen, The Rolling Stones.”
    1973 - After an extensive two-year investigation, 19 major music label heads, including Clive Davis of Arista and the Gamble-Huff team behind Philadelphia International, are indicted by the state of New Jersey for "payola" practices and income tax evasion
    1973 - Legendary rock organist Al Kooper rejoins his first band, Blues Project, onstage during a concert in Central Park.
    1973 - In his first year of eligibility, Warren Spahn receives 316 of the 380 votes cast to become a member of the Hall of Fame. The southpaw, who recorded thirteen 20-win seasons, retired as the winningest left-handed pitcher in big league history with 363 victories.
    1975 - Top Hits
“Love Will Keep Us Together” - The Captain & Tennille
“When Will I Be Loved” - Linda Ronstadt
“Wildfire” - Michael Murphey
“You're My Best Friend” - Don Williams
    1975 - The U.S. Attorney in Newark, New Jersey hands down indictments to 19 music industry executives in a two year investigation. Counts of income tax evasion and payola are leveled. Among those named include: Clive Davis, former president of Columbia Records, and Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff, architects of the Philadelphia sound of the 70's.
    1977 – Madison, Wisconsin Police Detective Bruce Frey witnessed one of the strangest events of his career when he saw Elvis Presley jump out of his limo and stop two teenagers who were beating up a younger lad at a local gas station. Elvis said, "I'll take you on." Frey remembers: "They looked up at him, froze in mid-punch and the victim ran into the gas station." The pair quickly apologized and Elvis got back into the limo and headed for his hotel room at the Sheraton. 
    1980 - Nelson Doubleday and Fred Wilpon purchase the Mets for an estimated $21.1 million. The price tag was the highest amount ever paid for a baseball franchise until the Dodgers were sold for over $2 billion in 2012.  According to Forbes, as of April, 2019, the team’s value is $2.3 billion.
    1983 - Pitcher Don Sutton of the Milwaukee Brewers struck out Alan Bannister of the Cleveland Indians, the 3,000th strikeout in his career.  The Brewers won, 6-2.  Sutton wound up his career with 3,574 strikeouts.
    1983 - Top Hits
“Flashdance...What a Feeling” - Irene Cara
“Time (Clock of the Heart)” - Culture Club
“Electric Avenue” - Eddy Grant
“You Can't Run from Love” - Eddie Rabbitt
    1984 - Joe Morgan of the Oakland A's hit the 256th home run of his career to break the record held by Rogers Hornsby for most home runs by a second baseman.
    1985 - The 1983 Heisman Trophy winner, Mike Rozier, jumped from the United States Football League to the Houston Oilers of the NFL. Rozier signed for more than two million dollars over a four-year period. 
    1987 - Thunderstorms spawned six tornadoes in eastern Colorado. Baseball size hail was reported near Yoder, CO, and thunderstorm winds gusting to 92 mph derailed a train near Pratt, KS. The town of Gould, OK, was soaked with nearly an inch and a half of rain in just ten minutes.
    1988 - Forty-three cities reported record high temperatures for the date. Valentine NE reported an all-time record high of 110 degrees, and highs of 102 degrees at Casper, WY, 103 degrees at Reno, NV, and 106 degrees at Winnemucca, NV, were records for the month of June. Highs of 98 degrees at Logan, UT, and 109 degrees at Rapid City, SD, equaled June records. Lightning killed twenty-one cows near Conway, SC
    1989 - Paul Simon brought his "Graceland" tour to Moscow, playing the first of two concerts before 5,000 people in Gorky Park. It was Simon's first appearance in the Soviet Union.
    1989 - The Beatles finally get a US #1 Country hit when Rosanne Cash's cover of "I Don't Want To Spoil The Party" reaches the top spot.
    1991 - Top Hits
“Rush, Rush” - Paula Abdul
“Losing My Religion” - R.E.M.
“Unbelievable” - EMF
“The Thunder Rolls” - Garth Brooks
    1992 - Portland, Oregon became the first city outside of New York to host the NBA draft. At the Portland Memorial Coliseum, the first overall pick went to the Orlando Magic who picked 7'1" center Shaquille O'Neal of LSU. 
    1992 - Billy Joel's old alma mater, Hicksville High in Long Island, NY, awards the singer-songwriter an honorary diploma in place of the one he never stayed in school to receive.
    1993 - Hank Williams' illegitimate daughter Jett is awarded a piece of the country legend's estate from his son, Hank Jr.
    1997 – Seattle’s Randy Johnson struck out 19 and lost to the Oakland A’s.
    1998 - Johnny Cash makes his first public appearance since announcing his battle with Shy-Drager Syndrome, walking onstage at Kris Kristofferson's latest Nashville concert to sing Cash's hit "Sunday Morning Coming Down," written by Kris.
    1998 - AT&T announced that it was buying cable TV giant TCI for $31.7 billion. The deal let AT&T move closer to its goal of providing local phone and high speed Internet service to millions of U.S. homes
    1999 - Eric Clapton puts 100 of his guitars up for auction in New York at Christie's to raise money for his drug rehab clinic, the Crossroads Centre in Antigua. His 1956 Fender Stratocaster, named Brownie, was sold for a record $497,500. The guitar was used to record "Layla." The auction helped raise nearly $5 million for the clinic.
    2001 - Believed to be an historical first, sixty-eight Major League umpires participate in a pre-season session to practice calling strikes as defined by the rule book. With the help of minor leaguers wearing tapes nine inches above their belts, the men in blue get a good look at pitches, normally called balls, which now will considered a strike as the rulebook interpretation of the zone will be enforced this upcoming season.
    2004 - US President George W. Bush awards the Medal of Freedom to Doris Day.
    2012 - named Olivia Newton-John's 1982 hit, "Physical" as The Sexiest Song of All Time. Other classic Rock songs that made the top ten were Rod Stewart's "Tonight's The Night," Marvin Gaye's "Let's Get It On," Donna Summer's "Hot Stuff" and another Rod Stewart contribution, "Da Ya Think I'm Sexy."
    2014 - The original lyrics to 'Like a Rolling Stone,' handwritten by Bob Dylan on hotel stationery, sold for $2 million at auction

Stanley Cup Champions:
    1995  - New Jersey Devils



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