Information, news, and entertainment for the commercial
alternate financing, bank, finance and leasing industries

Add me to mailing listSearch | All Lists | Columnists | Site Map
Advertising| Archives | Classified Ads | This Day In American History

Email the Editor

Wednesday, June 15, 2022

Today's Leasing News Headlines

ELFA Announces Results of "Day of Giving"
    Held on June 7th
New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
    and Related Industries
DFPI’s Commercial Financing Disclosure Regulations Approved
      to Become Effective as of December 9, 2022 – Press Release
Leasing and Finance Industry Help Wanted
    Working Capital Loan Brokers Earn Top Dollar
Vendor Equipment Originators Top Sales
    Sales Makes it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP
Here’s What You Need to Know
  About the Enhanced Business Meal Deduction
APPROVE on the Move’ Mobile App Helps
    Equipment Sales Teams Offer Financing with Ease
Jim Merrilees, CLFP, Joins the Alta Group
    as Vice Chairman
Australian Shepherd & Hound Mix
    North Carolina Adopt-a-Dog
Four Types of Interim Rent
    By Christopher Menkin
News Briefs---
Redfin laying off 8% of workforce due to ‘market conditions’
    as real estate demand cools
30-year mortgage rate surges to 6.28%,
    up from 5.5% just a week ago
Old Electric-Vehicle Batteries Are Getting
    a Second Life
Coinbase, founded in San Francisco, grapples
    with internal crisis as 1,100 employees laid off
With no one left in charge, is high-speed
    rail dead in Texas?
St. Louis venture firm wants to bet $25 million
    on minority-led startups
As diesel prices soar past crude, refining squeeze
    challenges oil markets

You May have Missed---
How mortgage rates have changed
since 1972

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

Sports Brief----
 California Nuts Brief---
   "Gimme that wine"
    This Day in History
      Daily Puzzle
        Weather, USA or specific area
         Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.


ELFA Announces Results of "Day of Giving"
Held on June 7th

"A huge thanks to everyone who donated to the Foundation for our 5th Annual Day of Giving! This year we raised $93,150 total from 141 individual and corporate donors. 62% of individuals’ gifts were under $100, and we had 22 brand new donors.

We are incredibly grateful for such a successful day

If you still want to make a contribution, you can do so anytime on our website at:

Kelli Nienaber
Foundation Executive Director


New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
and Related Industries


Garrett Bell was hired as Documentation Specialist, Amur, Grand Island, Nebraska. He is located in Hastings, Nebraska.

Tom Prendergast was hired as Relationship Manager, Tristate Capital Bank, Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.  He is located in the Chicago area. "He is responsible for relationship development within the Mid-Atlantic Region for numerous industries including transportation/logistics, construction, heavy manufacturing and warehousing.”

Sandrine Pomerleau was hired as Senior Vice President, Originations ABL, Wells Fargo.  She is located in the Greater Montreal Metropolitan Area. Previously, she was Business Development Director, ABL, Mitsubishi HC Capital, Canada.

Mark Rosinki was hired as Transportation Finance Professional, Business Development Manager, Crossroad Equipment Lease and Finance, Rancho Cucamonga, California. He is located in Oak Brook, Illinois.



#### Press Release #############################

DFPI’s Commercial Financing Disclosure Regulations Approved
to Become Effective as of December 9, 2022 – Press Release

SACRAMENTO – On June 9, 2022, the California Office of Administrative Law (OAL) approved the Department of Financial Protection and Innovation’s (DFPI) proposed commercial financing disclosure regulations. The regulations extend disclosure protections to California small businesses when those businesses seek commercial financing. When the disclosures take effect on Dec. 9 of this year, California small businesses will be better-equipped to understand the costs and benefits of commercial financing offers, and to compare different offers to find the best financing solution to meet their needs. The final regulations and Final Statement of Reasons are posted to the DFPI website.

DFPI Commissioner Clothilde V. Hewlett said,  “I applaud the fine work of everyone involved in developing these significant financing disclosures for small businesses. “These first-in-the-nation protections for small business borrowers are a major milestone in financial services oversight in California and a model for other states to follow.”

OAL’s approval of the proposed regulations is the culmination of a multi-year process in which the DFPI solicited input from a diverse range of stakeholders and used that input to improve the DFPI’s draft regulations. On September 30, 2018, California enacted SB 1235 (Glazer), a bill requiring commercial financing providers to provide disclosures to small businesses. The bill required providers to disclose the total amount of funds provided, the total dollar cost of financing, the term or estimated term, the method, frequency, and amount of payments, a description of prepayment penalties, and (until January 1, 2024) the total cost of financing expressed as an annualized rate. The California Legislature tasked the DFPI with issuing regulations before the above-described requirements would take effect.

 After SB 1235’s passage, the DFPI provided stakeholders three informal opportunities to comment in writing about the proposed commercial financing disclosure regulations, followed by six additional opportunities to comment on the regulations during the formal rulemaking process. The DFPI incorporated extensive revisions to improve the proposed regulations based upon stakeholder input during this process.

 The regulations finalized on June 9, 2022, will require commercial financing providers across a wide range of industries to disclose the information required by the Legislature. The industries subject to the regulation include, among others, providers of traditional installment loans and open-end credit, commercial factoring, and merchant cash advances. Providers will be required to disclose metrics such the amount of funding the small business will receive, the Annual Percentage Rate calculated for the transaction, a payment amount (if applicable), the term, details related to prepayment policies, and (for products without a monthly payment) an average monthly cost. Taken together, the regulations will assist small businesses in making more informed decisions about the potential costs of various commercial financing options.

 The DFPI licenses and regulates state-chartered banks and credit unions, nonbank installment lenders, commodities and investment advisers, money transmitters, the offer and sale of securities and franchises, broker-dealers, payday lenders, mortgage lenders and servicers, escrow companies, Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program administrators, debt collectors, credit repair and consumer credit reporting agencies, debt-relief companies, certain rent-to-own providers, and more.

 For more information about the DFPI, visit their website at

Coda: In Case you Missed Monday’s News edition:
California (Finally) Approves Disclosure Regulations
Ken Greene, Leasing News Legal Editor



Help Wanted Ads


Vendor Equipment Originators Top Sales

Sales Makes it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP

Vendors and end-users need top originators to help them navigate the financing and leasing process. There is a "real" need for originators who are able to go beyond order taking and offer outstanding services and products.

A large vendor once stated that if he was a hiring manager for a commercial equipment finance and leasing company, he would run a help wanted ad that read:

Help wanted for a professional finance and leasing originator with the following qualities:

  • A professional who understands all aspects of the financing and leasing process.
  • A professional who can simplify the process but is willing to explain the complexities when needed.
  • A professional who is fully available when needed to train, encourage, and support vendor sales professionals.
  • A professional who is capable of pre-qualifying transactions to save time and money for all parties.
  • A professional who is willing to think and act outside of the commodity box and offer unique services and products.

As a top producing originator, are you meeting all of the needs and wants of your vendors and end-users? Have you asked, lately, what your vendors and end-users' requirements are to enhance your relationship? Do you know how they perceive your strengths and weaknesses? Are your vendors and end-users willing to hire you for the long-term?

Scott A. Wheeler, CLFP
Wheeler Business Consulting
1314 Marquis Ct.
Fallston, Maryland 21047
Phone: 410 877 0428
Fax: 410 877 8161

Wheeler Business Consulting works with banks, independents, captives, origination companies, and investors in the equipment leasing and finance arena. We provide training, strategic planning, and acquisition services. Scott Wheeler is available to discuss your long-term strategy, to assist your staff to maximize outcomes, and to better position your organization in the market.

Sales Makes it Happen articles:


Here’s What You Need to Know
About the Enhanced Business Meal Deduction

The IRS encourages businesses to begin planning now to take advantage of tax benefits available to them when they file their 2022 federal income tax return. This includes the enhanced business meal deduction.

For 2021 and 2022 only, businesses can generally deduct the full cost of business-related food and beverages purchased from a restaurant. Otherwise, the limit is usually 50% of the cost of the meal.

To qualify for the enhanced deduction:

  • The business owner or an employee of the business must be present when food or beverages are provided.
  • Meals must be from restaurants, which include businesses that prepare and sell food or beverages to retail customers for immediate on-premises or off-premises consumption.
  • Payment or billing for the food and beverages occurs after December 31, 2020, and before January 1, 2023.
  • The expense cannot be lavish or extravagant.

Grocery stores, convenience stores and other businesses that mostly sell pre-packaged goods not for immediate consumption, do not qualify as restaurants.

Employers may not treat certain employer-operated eating facilities as restaurants, even if they operate under contract by a third party.

Here’s what business owners need to know about certain costs:

  • The cost of the meal can include taxes and tips.
  • The cost of transportation to and from the meal isn’t part of the cost of a business meal.

Entertainment events

Business owners may be able to deduct the costs of meals and beverages provided during an entertainment event if either of these apply:

  • the purchase of the food and beverages occurs separately from the entertainment
  • the cost of the food and beverages is separate from the cost of the entertainment on one or more bills, invoices, or receipts.

Businesses should review the special recordkeeping rules that apply to business meals.

More information:
Publication 463, Travel, Gift, and Car Expenses


##### Press Release ############################

APPROVE on the Move’ Mobile App Helps
Equipment Sales Teams Offer Financing with Ease

Wilmington, N.C APPROVE Payments has launched a mobile app designed to let equipment sales professionals easily see up-to-the-minute information on pending financing applications for their customers, no matter where their work takes them.

The APPROVE on the Move app is available for both Apple and Android platforms. It is the latest tool APPROVE has rolled out to help boost equipment sales by making it easy to present embedded financing options at every point of influence along the buyer’s journey. 

APPROVE CEO Robert Preville said, “It’s like having an entire financing department at your disposal everywhere you go.

“We believe strongly that a financing-forward approach to sales leads to more equipment sales, we are constantly watching how our customers use APPROVE, and we are building tech solutions that can help support their work.”

This SaaS (Software as a Service) solution uses advanced technology to match equipment finance applications with the ideal lending solutions from its curated network of lenders. The APPROVE on the Move app helps sales professionals stay on top of their customers’ applications. With the app, they can:

  • Get notifications about new applications, approvals, funding status and requests for information.
  • Generate a financing application on the spot and share it via text, e-mail, QR code or web link.
  • Calculate monthly financing costs to help potential customers better understand their buying power.

 “We know from industry research that the vast majority of B2B equipment purchases are made with financing, yet very few equipment sellers proactively offer financing during the sales process,” Preville said. “We bring financing to the forefront of the buyer’s journey by embedding financing estimates linked to a digital application at every B2B point of sale. This new app is one more tool to help equipment suppliers and dealers keep track of those financing applications.”

In addition to the mobile app, APPROVE recently launched a Chrome extension that allows equipment sellers to embed financing estimates and application links in sales quotes with just a few clicks.

APPROVE also offers its clients a customer-facing financing application builder that allows customers to create their own custom financing quotes while browsing an equipment dealer’s website.

APPROVE functions as a built-in financing program that equipment manufacturers and distributors of all sizes are using to provide their customers easy, hassle-free and fast financing that can help them purchase equipment that is crucial to expanding their businesses.  

Customers can download APPROVE on the Move from the App Store or Google Play.

APPROVE is a SaaS solution that enables equipment manufacturers and distributors to integrate financing at every point of influence in an equipment buyer’s journey. APPROVE leverages a curated network of lenders and uses sophisticated technology to match customer finance applications with the ideal lending solutions. APPROVE was launched following the success of KWIPPED Inc., a technology company that maintains a B2B equipment marketplace where suppliers and lenders compete to serve the needs of equipment buyers. APPROVE and KWIPPED are based in Wilmington, N.C. 

### Press Release ############################


### Press Release ############################

Jim Merrilees, CLFP, Joins the Alta Group
as Vice Chairman

Spencerport, New York—The Alta Group announced today that industry veteran Jim Merrilees, CLFP, has joined the global advisory firm as vice chairman in a business development role.

Merrilees will advise potential clients on ways Alta can add value to their organizations through increased originations, new business model launches, market entry opportunities, operational efficiencies, merger and acquisition advisory, asset management and appraisals, and other value-added services. 

James (Jim) Jackson, Co-Chief Executive Officer and Practice Leader for Mergers and Acquisitions, said, “We are delighted Jim has joined Alta. He has a distinguished career highlighted by senior positions at Pitney Bowes Credit, Colonial Pacific Leasing, Textron Financial and Channel Partners.”

His distinguished career was highlighted by historic firsts in the equipment leasing and finance industry, where he also enjoyed opportunities to help launch new businesses. He served on the boards of two trade groups that merged to become the National Equipment Finance Association (NEFA), and he was an early contributor to the development of the CLFP program (Certified Lease & Finance Professional). He recently was honored by National Equipment Finance Association with a Lifetime Achievement Award in recognition of his significant contributions to the industry. He also is a former board member of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association.

After a brief retirement, he decided to get back to what he enjoyed most in his professional positions: coaching and advising others. Merrilees joined The Alta Group because “the advisory firm is the most comprehensive and most respected in the industry,” he said, and he had existing relationships with many of its leaders and client colleagues.

While at Colonial Pacific, he and his team introduced credit scoring automation with Fair Isaac Co. (FICO), and they were early, innovative adopters of online leasing applications. He also initiated the concept of adding insurance to lease contracts, a product offered by Great American Insurance Group today. His deep experience includes advising service providers looking to position themselves in the industry and assisting companies seeking to raise capital. He also was an initial client and former president of Quiktrak.

#### Press Release #############################


Australian Shepherd & Hound Mix
North Carolina Adopt-a-Dog

Current Location. Mikey is in NC and would be
transported to an approved adopter anywhere
along the east coast from SC north


Age: 7-8 Months
Weight: 48lbs
Apricot/Beige, White/Cream
Gentle, Smart, Brave
Shy, but Sweet
Coat Length: Medium
Vaccinations up-to-date
Good in Home with
Other Dogs, children
Adoption Fee: $359

MEET MIKEY. This is his story.

Mikey and his sister are another case of intentional strays (as in dumped). They were picked up by a Good Samaritan at around 6 months old, thinking that they would keep both dogs (they are now around 9 months old). That did not happen .through no fault of Brittany or Mikey.

Both dogs have been taken in by our rescue with the help of our friend in SC. They have been fully vetted-brought current on all vaccines, spayed/neutered, microchipped and ready for someone to just love and help them be the best dogs they can be.

Mikey is a little shy but sweet and anxious to feel loved. He was uncertain at our vets but still put his best paw forward-acing his behavioral evaluation. He and his sister are well behaved even if hesitant. Someone will need patience to help him get beyond the lack of confidence he now feels because he's been tossed around. He's such a beautiful boy and we hope to see the fear leave his eyes with your help and care.

Are you a family and home that will teach him that he is worthy of being loved? Are you a home that will bring out the best in him and. make the rest of his life happy?

If so, you will find our adoption process information as well as online application to adopt at:

Our written trainer evaluation is available by emailing

Vetting: Current on all vaccines, microchipped, neutered and complete exam and 4dx tests and for parasites

Current Location. Mikey is in NC and would be transported to an approved adopter anywhere along the east coast from SC north


Diamond Dogs Rescue
Billerica, MA
(856) 498-8166

About Diamond Dogs Rescue


Four Types of Interim Rent
By Christopher Menkin

       Construction Interim
Funds advanced to the manufacturer of the equipment during construction of the equipment.

       Delivery Interim
Partial payment to the manufacturer upon delivery of the equipment prior to the Lessee's acceptance of the equipment.

        Multiple Delivery Interim
Daily rent on delivery of accepted equipment prior to the balance of the equipment being accepted by the Lessee

       Due Date Interim
Additional rent charged to change the due date on the Lease from the
commencement date to a more acceptable date during the month.

The first three are usually a part of a “Master Lease,” which is usually a document that provides a line of credit allowing a Lessee to add equipment under the same basic terms and conditions without negotiating a new Lease contract. Often it is one contract in sections.

The rent is most common “interest only” and often a separate document spells this out from the “Master Lease.”

Partial payments are normally part of the “Master Lease” and generally are “interest only,” often spelled out in a separate document not part of the lease contract itself.  In smaller leases, the payment is derived from a lease factor (the monthly payment as a multiplier) of the master lease payment.  It also includes the principal, which is kept by the lessor as an extra profit as it is not deducted from the monthly payment or actual total cost of the equipment.  The difference in the payment from the interest is then “extra profit.”

The Due Date Interim includes “extra profit” for the lessor as the actual lease is billed in advance to the lessee but converted to the
bank or line of credit in arrears.  A T-Value program can compute the extra profit in this arrangement.

Some offer a first or 15th of the month payment due date and do not charge interim rent or actually start the payment on a specific day the vendor is paid. Then in an ACH billing system where a specific day for the payment is not necessary for bookkeeping or collection purposes.

What is known as a 90 day interim payment is in reality a scam, as it is not a choice of a day in the month for payments to be due, but an means of extra profit since the interim rent is not part of the monthly payment stream.


News Briefs---

Redfin laying off 8% of workforce due to ‘market conditions’
    as real estate demand cools

30-year mortgage rate surges to 6.28%,
up from 5.5% just a week ago

Old Electric-Vehicle Batteries Are Getting
a Second Life

Coinbase, founded in San Francisco, grapples
with internal crisis as 1,100 employees laid off

With no one left in charge, is high-speed
rail dead in Texas?

St. Louis venture firm wants to bet $25 million
on minority-led startups

As diesel prices soar past crude, refining squeeze
challenges oil markets


You May Have Missed---

How mortgage rates have changed
since 1972



Sports Briefs---

Major League Soccer and Apple strike 10-year,
     $2.5 billion broadcast deal

WNBA star Brittney Griner's Russia detention
extended for third time

Andrew Wiggins delivers on both ends, Warriors lead
NBA Finals 3-2 after 104-94 win over Celtics

NFL execs believe 2 prominent QBs will be cut


California Nuts Briefs---

Study: California ‘red flag’ law may have stopped
    58 gun massacres

SoCal's lush golf courses face new water restrictions.
How brown will the grass go?

Silicon Valley billionaire Scott McNealy tries to sell
Bay Area mega-mansion for $54 million again

25 Assault Weapons Found At Home of
San Jose, California Bay Homicide Suspect



"Gimme that wine"

American Pinot Noir Legend Josh Jensen Dies at 78

Virtual auction raises money for scholarships, nonprofits

North Coast Wine & Food fest returns

“Gimme that Wine”

Free Wine App

Wine Prices by vintage

US/International Wine Events


This Day in History

 1607 - Colonists in North America completed James Fort in Jamestown.  The first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States was established at Jamestown beginning on May 14, 1607. Upon arrival, the hundred-some colonists set about constructing a fort to protect themselves from the nearby Virginia native tribes and from a potential attack from the Spanish settlements in Florida. They completed their initial James Fort and began construction of other buildings to expand the colony. Between 1609 to 1610, lack of local food and replenishment of supplies from England, and inability to cope with disease led to the "starving time," after which only 60 colonists survived. The colony was resupplied with new colonists, and over the next several decades became the center of government for the English colonists, and a port town for additional arrivals from England to the new land, with about 500 people living in or around it at its peak. Notable events during this time included john Role’s marriage to Pocahontas which helped to create a lasting peace treaty with the native Powhatan Confederacy.
    1686 - In Boston, the King's Chapel was organized. It was the first Anglican Church established in colonial New England.
    1752 - Benjamin Franklin affixed an iron wire to a kite and proceeded to fly it from a long piece of twine tied to a silk ribbon. Where the twine met the silk, Franklin attached a metal key. His thesis was any overhead electricity would be attracted to the wire at the top of the kite. As it began to lightning, he placed his hand near the key and sparks shot out, proving his experiment a success. Franklin used this discovery to start a new business selling and making lightning rods. The rods were attached to the tops of buildings. A wire ran down the side of the structure to the ground. When lightning struck the top of the rod, it ran down the wire and safely to ground without doing damage to the building. His letter to Peter Collison dated October 19, 1752, describing his experiments was read before the Royal Society of London in December, 1752.
    1775 - The Second Continental Congress chose George Washington commander in chief of the Continental Army. He declined to accept pay for his services, but in 1783, after eight years of war, submitted records of his expenses totaling 24,700 pounds, roughly over $125,000, $15,625 to feed, clothe, and provide food and transportation for his army of men. 
[detail of 1780 portrait by Charles Willson Peale (1741–1827)] 
    1776 – Delaware voted to suspend government under the British Crown and separate officially from Pennsylvania.  Anticipating the Declaration of Independence, Patriot leaders Thomas McKean and Caesar Rodney convinced the Colonial Assembly to declare itself separated from British and Pennsylvania rule since 1682. The dramatic overnight ride of Caesar Rodney gave the delegation the votes needed to cast Delaware's vote for independence. 
    1779 - General Anthony Wayne captured Stony Point, New York, from the British. "I'll storm the Gates of Hell if you will but plan the attack," Wayne told Gen. Washington.
    1789 - Josiah Henson (d. 1883), abolitionist, author, was born in Charles County, Maryland. His autobiography, “The Life of Josiah Henson” (1849) was read by Harriet Beecher Stowe and inspired her best-selling novel, “Uncle Tom's Cabin.”'s%20Web%20Sites/Orisky/third.html
    1804 - The 12th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified. It changed the method of electing the president and vice president after a tie in the Electoral College during the election of 1800. Rather than each elector voting for two candidates with the candidate receiving the most votes elected president and the second-place candidate elected vice president, each elector was now required to designate his choice for president and vice president, respectively.
    1835 - Adah Isaacs Menken (d. 1868) was born Marie Rachel Adelaide de Vere Spenser in Bordeaux, France and lived in Cuba as a child before her family settled in New Orleans.  U.S. poet and one of the most notorious actresses on the international stage. The part that made her infamous was when she was bound, nearly naked, to the back of a horse that galloped about the stage. She fascinated a number of famous men including Mark Twain and Charles Dickens.  “Life in the mining towns of the far West was boisterous and extravagant in 1867. The height of fun and games was achieved in Virginia City, Nevada, site of the fabulous Comstock Lode, in the period from 1860 to 1880. The town had more than 100 saloons, five legitimate theaters, six variety houses, and other establishments such as dance halls. The single most popular performer was Adah Isaacs Menken, known for performing while clad only in a flimsy gown.” The actress and equestrienne Adah Menken was a brilliant self-publicist, and though her fame didn't last, she was very well known in her day. She shocked the public in the 1860s with her short hair, short skirts and decadence. She once gave a press conference lying in a short skirt on a tiger-skin, sipping champagne and smoking a cigarette (smoking was still considered rather daring for a woman). Adah Menken was quick to see the promotional potential of photographs in her campaign to make herself famous. She distributed a prolific number of publicity portraits such as this one. She was particularly keen to get herself photographed with famous men of the day and managed to persuade the novelist Alexander Dumas and the poet Algernon Charles Swinburne to pose with her. The picture of herself and Swinburne, taken at an informal meeting, was then rushed off to a photographic studio so that it could be reproduced and sold in the street. Swinburne was reportedly furious.
17 en_by_stoddard.php
    1836 - Arkansas became the 25th state. The Land of Opportunity, as Arkansas is called, was founded in the late 17th century by Frenchman Henri de Tonti. His interpretation of Quapaw, the Indian tribe that lived in the area, was Arkansas. Little Rock, the state’s largest city, is also its capital. The state bird and the state flower are the mockingbird and apple blossom, respectively.  Arkansas seceded from the United States during the Civil War. Upon returning to the Union, the state would continue to suffer due to its earlier reliance on slavery and the plantation economy, causing the state to fall behind economically and socially. While rural interests continued to dominate the state's politics until the Civil Rights movement in the mid-20th century, Arkansas began to diversify its economy following World War II and now relies on its service industry as well as aircraft, poultry, steel and tourism in addition to cotton and rice.
    1844 - Inventor Charles Goodyear received a patent for vulcanizing rubber. Prior to this, no one knew how to keep natural rubber from melting in the summer and hardening in the winter. Reputedly Goodyear discovered the process by accident, after years of experimentation, when he dropped some rubber mixed with sulfur on a hot stove. The resulting substance resembled charred leather but was still resilient and elastic. Goodyear called the process "vulcanization," after the Roman God of Fire, Vulcan. He had received a previous patent on June 17, 1837, for a method of destroying the adhesive properties of rubber by applying bismuth, nitric acid with copper or other materials.
    1846 - Representatives of Great Britain and the United States sign the Oregon Treaty, which settles a long-standing dispute with Britain over who controlled the Oregon territory. The treaty established the 49th parallel from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Georgia as the boundary between the United States and British Canada. The United States gained formal control over the future states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Montana, and the British retained Vancouver Island and navigation rights to part of the Columbia River. 
After 1838, the issue of who possessed Oregon became increasingly controversial, especially when mass American migration along the Oregon Trail began in the early 1840s. American expansionists urged seizure of Oregon, and in 1844, Democrat James K. Polk successfully ran for President under the platform "Fifty-four forty or fight," which referred to his hope of bringing a sizable portion of present-day Vancouver and Alberta into the United States. However, neither President Polk nor the British government wanted a third Anglo-American war, and on June 15, 1846, the Oregon Treaty, a compromise, was signed.
    1863 - President Abraham Lincoln calls for help in protecting the capital. He suspended the writ of habeus corpus at the outset of the War primarily because of Maryland’s sympathy to the Confederacy, thus surrounding the city with Confederate states.  Throughout June, Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia was on the move. He had pulled his army from its position along the Rappahannock River around Fredericksburg and set it on the road to Pennsylvania. Lee and the Confederate leadership decided to try a second invasion of the North to take pressure off Virginia and to seize the initiative against the Army of the Potomac. The first invasion, in September 1862, failed when the Federals fought Lee's army to a standstill at Antietam. Lee later divided his army and sent the regiments toward the Shenandoah Valley, using the Blue Ridge Mountains as a screen. After the Confederates took Winchester, Virginia, on June 14, they were situated on the Potomac River, seemingly in a position to move on Washington, D.C. Lincoln did not know it, but Lee had no intention of attacking Washington. All Lincoln knew was that the Rebel army was moving en masse and that Union troops could not be certain as to the Confederates' location. On June 15, Lincoln put out an emergency call for 100,000 troops from the state militias of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio, and West Virginia. Although the troops were not needed, and the call could not be fulfilled in such a short time, it was an indication of how little the Union authorities knew of Lee's movements and how vulnerable they thought the Federal capital was.
    1864 – General Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Potomac and Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia collide for the last time when the first wave of Union troops attack Petersburg, a vital Southern rail center thirty-seven kilometers south of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The two massive armies would not become disentangled until April 9, 1865, when Lee surrendered and his men went home.
    1864 - Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton signed an order establishing a military burial ground, which became Arlington National Cemetery.  George Washington Parke Custis, grandson of Martha Washington, acquired the land that now is Arlington National Cemetery in 1802 and began construction of Arlington House. The estate passed to Custis' daughter, Mary, who had married US Army officer Robert E. Lee. Custis' will gave a "life inheritance" to Mary Lee, allowing her to live at and run Arlington Estate for the rest of her life but not enabling her to sell any portion of it.  Upon her death, the Arlington estate passed to her eldest son, George Washington Custis Lee.  When Virginia seceded from the Union at the start of the Civil War, Robert E. Lee resigned his commission and took command of the armed forces of the Commonwealth of Virginia, later becoming commander of the Army of Northern Virginia.   On May 7, troops of the Virginia militia occupied Arlington and Arlington House.  With Confederate forces occupying Arlington's high ground, the capital of the Union was left in an untenable military position.  Although unwilling to leave Arlington House, Mary Lee believed her estate would soon be recaptured by federal soldiers. So she buried many of her family treasures on the grounds and left for her sister's estate in Fairfax County.  On May 3, General Winfield Scott ordered Gen. McDowell to clear Arlington and the city of Alexandria of all troops not loyal to the United States.  McDowell occupied Arlington without opposition on May 24.  The government acquired Arlington House at a tax sale in 1864 for $26,800, equal to $420,000 today.  Mrs. Lee had not appeared in person but rather had sent an agent, attempting to pay in a timely manner the $92.07 in property taxes assessed on the estate.  The government turned away her agent, refusing to accept the tendered payment. In 1874, Custis Lee, heir under his grandfather's will passing the estate in trust to his mother, sued the United States claiming ownership of Arlington. On December 9, 1882, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5–4 in Lee's favor, deciding that Arlington had been confiscated without due process.  After that decision, Congress returned the estate to him, and on March 3, 1883, Custis Lee sold it back to the government for $150,000 at a signing ceremony with Secretary of War Robert Todd Lincoln.  The land then became a military reservation. 
    1864 – Congress passed legislation equalizing pay for black soldiers.
1877 - Henry Ossian Flipper (1856-1940), born a slave in Thomasville, Georgia, becomes the first African-American cadet to graduate from the US Military Academy at West Point, New York. Flipper, who was never spoken to by a white cadet during his four years at West Point, is appointed a second lieutenant in the all-African-American 10th Cavalry, stationed at Fort Sill in Indian Territory.
    1880 - Birthday of blind singer/violinist Alfred Reed (d. 1956), Floyd City, VA,,483645,00.html?artist=Blind+Alfred+Reed
    1885 [some cite 1887] - Birthday of Malvina Cornell Hoffman (d. 1966), NYC.  U.S. sculptor. Internationally admired, she received the largest sculptural commission ever given to man (or woman). It consisted of 110 life-sized bronze statues for the Hall of Man, Field Museum, Chicago. She studied with Rodin in Paris (after being turned away five times) and made a series of sculptures interpreting dance. Her forte was portraiture busts. Her mother was a talented amateur pianist.
    1896 - The temperature at Fort Mojave, CA, soared to 127 degrees, the hottest reading of record for June for the U.S. The low that day was 97 degrees. Morning lows of 100 degrees were reported on the 12th, 14th and 16th of the month.
    1898 - Annexation of Hawaii was approved in a joint resolution adopted by the House of Representatives and by the Senate on June 17. It was signed by President McKinley on July 7.
    1901 - Birthday of co-founder of Decca records, Jack Kapp (d. 1949), Chicago.  One of the first to record Black music, including Jazz artists.  He also oversaw Bing Crosby’s rise as a recording artist in the early 1930s.  Four decades later, Crosby continued expressing appreciation to Kapp for diversifying his song catalogue into various styles and genres, saying, "I thought he was crazy, but I just did what he told me." Kapp could not read or sing music, but to his talent he stressed the credo, "Where's the melody?"
    1902 – In organized baseball’s most lopsided score, Corsicana 51; Texarkana 3. Justin Clark of Corsicana, Texas minors hits 8 home runs in the game.
   1904 - More than 1,000 people died when fire erupted aboard the steamboat General Slocum in New York City's East River.
    1909 - Benjamin F. Shibe of Bala, PA, obtained a patent for a baseball with a cork center. It was first manufactured by A.G. Spalding and Brothers, Chicago, IL, and was used in occasional league games in 1909 and in regular play in 1910. The ball was first used in a World Series game, secretly, on October 20, 1910, in Chicago, IL. The Philadelphia Athletics defeated the Chicago Cubs in five games.  Shibe was owner and president of the Athletics from 1901 until his death in 1922.  Shibe Park, renamed Connie Mack Stadium in 1953, at N 21st St & W Lehigh Ave in Philadelphia, was the A’s home until 1954 when they moved to Kansas City. 
    1917 - The first army training camp for African-American officers was established at Fort Des Moines, Des Moines, IA, and was known as the 17th Provisional Training Regiment. On October 15, 1917, the first commissions were granted, with 106 African-Americans commissioned as second lieutenants.
    1917 - Congress passed and President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the Espionage Act, authorizing the Treasury Secretary to assume control of U.S. ports, control ship movements, establish anchorages and supervise the loading and storage of explosive cargoes. The authority was immediately delegated to the Coast Guard and formed the basis for the formation of the Coast Guard's Captain of the Ports and the Port Security Program.
    1920 - Canadian record retailer Sam Sniderman (d. 2012) was born in Toronto. Sniderman began selling records in his family's radio store in 1937. He opened a second Toronto outlet in a furniture store in 1959. Two years later, Sniderman opened the now-famous Sam the Record Man store on Yonge Street. The store once claimed the largest selection of retail records in the world. A Sam the Record Man franchise chain was established in 1969, and the stores now are a familiar sight across Canada.
    1921 - Errol Garner (d. 1977) was born in Pittsburgh, Pa. I believe I have every album he recorded, and two copies of several as I play them at my office and home all the time. He, Oscar Peterson, Fats Waller, and James Johnson as well as classical piano and clavichord music are played often in my office. “Concert by the Sea” is his best-selling album.
    1921 - Bessie Coleman becomes the first Black woman to earn an aviation pilot's license in the world - and the first woman to earn an international aviation license from the from the Federation Aeronautique Internationale. A native of Texas, she went to France to get her pilot's license because of the bigotry of those in U.S. aviation who opposed her training because she was a woman and because she was black. No black U.S. aviator would train her either. A native of Texas, she learned to speak French and saved enough money to go to France. On her return to the U.S., she taught other black women to fly as well as doing the usual (for the time) barnstorming in air circuses to keep flying. "Queen Bessie," as she was known, was a highly popular draw for the next 15 years. However, on 04-30-1936, while practicing for a show in Orlando, Fla., a loose wrench fell into the engine and she did not have a parachute or seat belts and actually fell out of the plane to her death.
    1923 – Lou Gehrig’s Major League debut was with the Yankees as a pinch-hitter.
    1924 - Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth Model T automobile. It was named the most influential car of the 20th century in the 1999 Car of the Century competition.  With 16.5 million sold, it stands ninth on the top ten list of most sold cars of all time as of 2020. 
    1924 – J. Edgar Hoover assumed the leadership of the FBI, a position he held until  his death in 1972 at the age of 77. Hoover has been credited with building the FBI into a larger crime-fighting agency than it was at its inception and with instituting a number of modernizations to police technology, such as a centralized fingerprint file and forensic laboratories. 
 1925 – The Philadelphia Athletics trailed the Cleveland Indians 15-4 going into the bottom of the 8th.  They scored 13 runs to win, 17-15.
    1928 - Republicans, convening in Kansas City, name Herbert Hoover their candidate for President and Charles Curtis of Kansas for the Vice-President.
    1928 – 41-year-old Ty Cobb stole home for the 50th time in his career.  He retired after the season with 54, still the Major League record.
   1934 - Great Smoky Mountains National Park established. Area along southern section of Tennessee—North Carolina boundary was authorized May 22, 1926, established for administration and protection on Feb. 6, 1930, and finally established for full development as a national park in 1934.
    1937 - Jimmie Lunceford records his them “For Dancers Only,” Decca 1340.
    1937 - Waylon Jennings (d. 2002), a leader of the outlaw country movement of the 1970's, was born in Littlefield, Texas. Jennings, along with Willie Nelson, spearheaded the movement away from heavy orchestral backing, opting for a leaner, harder sound which edged close to rock. Jennings met Buddy Holly in 1958 and toured as Holly's bass player. When Holly's plane crashed in February 1959, killing Holly, Ritchie Valens and the Big Bopper, it was Jennings who had given up his seat to the Bopper. Jennings signed with RCA in 1965, but by 1970, he was becoming disenchanted with not being able choose his own material, musicians and production. On the 1972 album, "Ladies Love Outlaws," he was at last able to use his own band, the Waylons, and to record current material, such as the Three Dog Night hit, "Never Been to Spain." The following year, the album "Honky Tonk Heroes" solidified his reputation as a country outlaw. In 1976, the album "Wanted - the Outlaws," featuring Jennings, his wife, Jessi Colter, Willie Nelson and Tompall Glaser became the first country LP to be certified platinum - one million copies sold.
    1938 – Cincinnati’s Johnny Vander Meer threw a second consecutive no-hitter, beating the Brooklyn Dodgers, 6-0, in the first night game ever at Ebbets Field. In front of 38,748 fans, including spectator Babe Ruth, Vander Meer struck out seven and walked eight, including three one-out walks in the 9th inning. Vander Meer no-hit the Boston Bees, 3-0, on June 11.  He remains the only Major League pitcher to do so.  Vander Meer was an incidental witness when his Cincinnati teammate, Ewell Blackwell, almost duplicated his consecutive no-hit feat in 1947, by pitching a no-hitter against the Braves, then in his next appearance, held the Dodgers without a hit until the ninth inning when he gave up two hits.   
    1941 - Singer and songwriter Harry Nilsson (d. 1994) was born in Brooklyn, New York. His breakthrough came in 1968 with the album "Aerial Ballet," which contained the hit single, "Everybody's Talkin'." It stayed in the top ten for much of 1969 and was the theme from the film "Midnight Cowboy." Nilsson's 1970 LP, "Nilsson Schmilsson," sold a million copies. From it came the chart-topping single, "Without You." Harry Nilsson held the distinction of never performing in public. And he only rarely appeared on TV.  He also scored the film “Skidoo'' and the TV show “The Courtship of Eddie's Father.''
    1942 - Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded as the Committee of Racial Equality by an interracial group of students in Chicago. Many of these students were members of the Chicago branch of the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR), a pacifist organization seeking to change racist attitudes. The founders of CORE were deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's teachings of nonviolent resistance. CORE started as a nonhierarchical, decentralized organization funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of its members. The organization was initially co-led by white University of Chicago student George Houser and black student James Farmer. In 1942, CORE began protests against segregation in public accommodations by organizing sit-ins. It was also in 1942 that CORE expanded nationally. James Farmer traveled the country with Bayard Rustin, a field secretary with FOR, and recruited activists at FOR meetings. CORE's early growth consisted almost entirely of white middle-class college students from the Midwest. CORE pioneered the strategy of nonviolent direct action, especially the tactics of sit-ins, jail-ins, and freedom rides.
James Farmer’s father
    1944 - In a continued effort to penetrate the Japanese inner defenses, US amphibious forces invaded the Mariana Islands. A huge fleet, as documented in "Victory at Sea," of 800 ships from Guadalcanal and Hawaii carried the 2nd and 4th Marine Divisions, consisting of 162,000 men. By the end of the day, 20,000 of these men had established a 5 ½ mile-long beachhead on the island of Saipan. Though the American forces suffered heavy losses during an overnight counterattack, on the morning of June 16, the Marines still held the area they had taken the day before. A huge victory for the U.S. Marines. 
    1944 - Birthday of guitarist, pianist, songwriter Eddie Hinton (d. 1985), Tuscaloosa, AL.
    1948 - Football Coach and executive Mike Holmgren was born in San Francisco, CA.  Holmgren began his NFL career as a quarterbacks' coach and later as offensive coordinator with the San Francisco 49ers, when they won Super Bowl XXIII and XXIV. He served as the head coach of the Green Bay Packers from 1992 to 1998, appearing in two Super Bowls, and of the Seattle Seahawks from 1999 to 2008.  Holmgren is noted for his role in molding quarterbacks such as Hall of Famers Steve Young and Brett Favre. Hall of Famer Joe Montana won his two MVP awards under the direction of Holmgren in 1989 and 1990. Under Holmgren's leadership and play-calling, the Packers were consistent winners and never had a losing season.  He finally met his undoing at the football graveyard known as the Cleveland Browns.  He was president from 2010-12 until he was fired for....losing.
    1949 - Manager and former player, Johnnie B. “Dusty” Baker, Jr. was born in Riverside, Ca.  He enjoyed a 19-year career as a hard-hitting outfielder, primarily with the Atlanta Braves and Los Angeles Dodgers. He helped the Dodgers to pennants in 1977 and 1978 and to the World Series championship in 1981. He then enjoyed a 20-year career as a manager with the San Francisco, Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds, and Washington Nationals.  Currently, he is the 21st winningest manager in baseball history with 1863 wins.  In 2018, after not being renewed by the Nationals for whom he won 192 games in two years, Baker returned to the Giants organization as a Special Advisor to the CEO.  In 2019, following the sign-stealing scandal by the Houston Astros, Baker was signed as their manager for the 2020 season…if it is ever played! 
    1949 - Russell Hitchcock of Air Supply is born in Melbourne, Australia. The group has three million-selling singles, including the No. 1 hit, “The One That You Love.''
    1950 - Top Hits
“My Foolish Heart” - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Eileen Wilson)
“Bewitched” - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Mary Lou Williams)
“The Third Man Theme” - Alton Karas
“Why Don’t You Love Me” - Hank Williams
    1952 - U.S. Air Force Second Lieutenant James F. Low, 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, became the 17th ace of the Korean War with his fifth MiG kill. The most junior in grade ace of the war, Low had been in combat for only six days.
    1952 – “Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl,” was published in the United States. It contained the memoirs of Dutch-Jewish teenager Anne Frank and her time spent with her family and others in hiding during World War II. She later died in a Nazi concentration camp, and many years later, her father, the only surviving member of her family, found her diary.
    1952 – “My Little Margie” premieres on TV. A very popular show in its day, "My Little Margie" was a half-hour sitcom about a "womanizing widower and his meddlesome daughter." Margie was played by Gale Storm and Charles Farrell played her father, Vern Albright.
    1953 - The USS Princeton launched 184 sorties and established a single-day Korean War record for offensive sorties flown from the deck of a carrier.
    1954 - Courteney Cox, ("Family Ties," "Friends,” “Cougar Town”), was born in Mountain Brook, AL.
    1954 - Blind country singer Terri Gibbs birthday born Miami, Florida.
    1957 - East Saint Louis was deluged with 16.54 inches of rain in 24 hours, a record for the state of Illinois.
    1957 - Elvis Presley's new single, "All Shook Up," debuts on the UK charts before its release, due to advance copies of the single -- intended for US troops in Europe -- finding their way into the hands of British DJs.
    1957 – The Yankees traded Billy Martin to the Kansas City Athletics for Ralph Terry and Ryne Duren.  A month earlier, Martin was celebrating his 29th birthday with teammates, Mickey Mantle, Whitey Ford, Yogi Berra and Hank Bauer at the Copacabana nightclub.  After hecklers crossed the line with singer Sammy Davis, Jr, a fight broke out among the hecklers and many of the Yankees.  While it remains unknown as to who hit whom, Yankees GM George Weiss blamed Martin.  The trade was thought to be among the consequences and Terry and Duren contributed significantly to the Yankees’ championships for years to come.  Martin was never the same after the trade.
    1958 - Top Hits
“The Purple People Eater” - Sheb Wooley
“Do You Want to Dance” - Bobby Freeman
“Yakety Yak” - The Coasters
“All I Have to Do is Dream” - The Everly Brothers
    1958 - The Platters sing "Twilight Time" on Ed Sullivan.
    1961 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit:  “Moody River,'' Pat Boone.
    1963 - Actress Helen Hunt’s birthday, ("Mad About You," “Peggy Sue Got Married,” “Twister”), born Los Angeles, CA. 
    1963 – Seattle, Washington first civil rights march:
More than 700 people attended a "freedom march" protesting racial discrimination in Seattle. The marchers, many of whom were white, walked in silence but carried signs. The Rev. Mance Jackson announced that the Bon Marché promised 30 new jobs for African Americans in its downtown and Northgate stores.
    1963 - Jan and Dean's "Surf City" is released. The song featured Brian Wilson on backing vocals and would prove to be the duo's only US number 1 record. 
    1963 - 21-year-old Kyu Sakamoto became the first Japanese artist to hit the top of the US singles chart with a song called "Sukiyaki." It was also a #6 hit in the UK. The original title of the song was "Ue O Muite Aruko," which translates "I Look Up When I Walk." Sakamoto was killed on August 12th, 1985, when JAL Flight 123, a 747, crashed and burned on a thickly wooded mountain about 60 miles northwest of Tokyo. He was 43. 
    1965 - Bob Dylan recorded "Like a Rolling Stone," the first of his recordings to feature electric instruments. Dylan's emerging rock 'n' roll leanings proved popular - "Like A Rolling Stone" reached number two on the Billboard chart.
    1965 - Elvis Presley film “Tickle Me'' premieres.
    1966 - Top Hits
“Paint It, Black” - The Rolling Stones
“Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind?” - The Lovin’ Spoonful
“I Am a Rock” - Simon & Garfunkel
“Distant Drums” - Jim Reeves
    1966 - The Beatles album, "Yesterday & Today," is released by Capitol in the controversial "butcher" sleeve, with the Beatles smiling amongst a group of decapitated baby dolls. The original photo quickly became a problem for Capitol, so it was pulled and replaced by a more conventional cover. Could not find it for sale on eBay.
    1967 [June 15-18] - The first rock musical festival was held in Monterey, CA. I was there. It was a mad house. Promoter Alan Pariser and booking agent Ben Shapiro assembled the largest roster of rock and soul acts up to that time, including the Who, the Grateful Dead, Otis Redding, Jefferson Airplane, Big Brother and the Holding Company with Janis Joplin, and the Jimi Hendrix Experience. More than 50,000 fans attended the non-profit event, which inaugurated a decade of ever-larger rock festivals. 
    1969 - KELLEY, THOMAS G., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, River Assault Division 152. place and date: Ong Muong Canal, Kien Hoa province, Republic of Vietnam, 15 June 1969. Entered service at: Boston, Mass. Born: 13 May 1939, Boston, Mass. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in the afternoon while serving as commander of River Assault Division 152 during combat operations against enemy aggressor forces. Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.) Kelley was in charge of a column of 8 river assault craft which were extracting 1 company of U.S. Army infantry troops on the east bank of the Ong Muong Canal in Kien Hoa province, when 1 of the armored troop carriers reported a mechanical failure of a loading ramp. At approximately the same time, Viet Cong forces opened fire from the opposite bank of the canal. After issuing orders for the crippled troop carrier to raise its ramp manually, and for the remaining boats to form a protective cordon around the disabled craft, Lt. Comdr. Kelley realizing the extreme danger to his column and its inability to clear the ambush site until the crippled unit was repaired, boldly maneuvered the monitor in which he was embarked to the exposed side of the protective cordon in direct line with the enemy's fire, and ordered the monitor to commence firing. Suddenly, an enemy rocket scored a direct hit on the coxswain's flat, the shell penetrating the thick armor plate, and the explosion spraying shrapnel in all directions. Sustaining serious head wounds from the blast, which hurled him to the deck of the monitor, Lt. Cmdr. Kelley disregarded his severe injuries and attempted to continue directing the other boats. Although unable to move from the deck or to speak clearly into the radio, he succeeded in relaying his commands through 1 of his men until the enemy attack was silenced and the boats were able to move to an area of safety. Lt. Comdr. Kelley's brilliant leadership, bold initiative, and resolute determination served to inspire his men and provide the impetus needed to carry out the mission after he was medically evacuated by helicopter. His extraordinary courage under fire, and his selfless devotion to duty sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
    1969 - “Hee Haw” TV premiere. The show has been described as a country-western version of "Laugh-In," composed of fast-paced sketches, silly jokes and songs. Though critics didn't like it, it had popular appeal and did well as a syndicated show. It was co-hosted by Buck Owens and Roy Clark, alternating with guest hosts. Regular performers included Louis M. "Grandpa" Jones, Junior Samples, Jeannine Riley, Lulu Roman, David "Stringbean" Akeman, Sherry Miles, Lisa Todd, Minnie Pearl and Gordie Tapp.
    1970 - Jimi Hendrix records his first session at his Electric Ladyland Studio in New York City. It was the guitarist's state of the art "dream" studio.
    1971 - The Guess Who's "Best of the Guess Who" LP goes gold.
    1974 - Top Hits
“Billy, Don’t Be a Hero” - Bo Donaldson & The Heywoods
“You Make Me Feel Brand New” - The Stylistics
“Sundown” - Gordon Lightfoot
“I Don’t See Me in Your Eyes Anymore” - Charlie Rich
    1976 - “Rain in” at the Astrodome. A 10-inch rainstorm caused the postponement of a regular season baseball game between the Pittsburgh Pirates and the Houston Astros at the Astrodome, a domed stadium. The rain caused flash floods that prevented everyone except members of both teams from getting to the ballpark.
    1976 – Reminiscent of Connie Mack’s Depression-era fire sale of Athletics’ stars in 1930s, Oakland A’s owner Charlie Finley attempted to sell three of his star players. Joe Rudi and Rollie Fingers were sent to the Boston Red Sox for $1 million apiece and Vida Blue to the New York Yankees for $1.5 million. Three days later, MLB Commissioner Bowie Kuhn voided the moves, saying they are "not in the best interests of baseball."
    1977 – The Mets traded “The Franchise,” Tom Seaver to the Cincinnati Reds for four lesser players in a move that had the Big Apple howling…still does.  Seaver went on to win 75 games in his five years with the Reds while the Mets kept sliding down in the standings.
    1980 - Jack Nicklaus won his fourth US Open, shooting a record score of 272 at Baltusrol Golf Club. The previous record score for the Open was 275, held by Nicklaus (1967) and Lee Trevino (1968.)
    1982 - Top Hits
“Ebony and Ivory” - Paul McCartney with Stevie Wonder
“Don’t Talk to Strangers” - Rick Springfield
“Don’t You Want Me” - The Human League
“For All the Wrong Reasons” - The Bellamy Brothers
    1988 - Severe thunderstorms in the Central High Plains Region spawned five tornadoes around Denver, CO, in just one hour. A strong (F-3) tornado in southern Denver injured seven persons and caused $10 million damage. Twenty-six cities in the eastern U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date. The high of 97 degrees at Portland, ME was a record for June.
    1989 - Thunderstorms produced severe weather over the Southern and Middle Atlantic Coast States. The thunderstorms spawned eight tornadoes, including strong (F-3) tornadoes which injured three persons at Mountville, PA and four persons at Columbia, PA. There were 111 reports of large hail and damaging winds, including wind gusts to 80 mph at Norfolk, VA, and Hogback Mountain, SC.
    1990 - The Rolling Stones song, "Paint It Black," hit number 1 in the Netherlands for the second time, twenty-four years after it first topped the singles chart. The song was included on their "Singles Collection" box set the previous year. 
    1990 - Top Hits
“Hold On” - Wilson Phillips
“Poison” - Bell Biv DeVoe
“It Must Have Been Love” - Roxette
“Love Without End, Amen” - George Strait
    1993 - Ray Charles made music history when his album "My World" showed up on Billboard's Hot 200, marking the sixth decade he had a charted LP.
    1992 - The second largest two-day tornado outbreak in U.S. history commenced as a developing cumulus cloud broke through the cap in north central Kansas and exploded into a huge supercell thunderstorm. Between 4:15 and 8:35 pm CDT, this supercell produced 39 tornadoes in north central Kansas, including 12 in Mitchell County and 9 in Osborne County. A farmer living south of Cawker City reported going to the basement in his farm home 5 different times and each time he came out of the basement, his farm had additional damage. He also reported that at one time, he counted 3 tornadoes on the ground and 4 funnels in the air. Damage to property in Mitchell County exceeded $12 million.
    1999 - Oriole Will Clark gets his 2,000th career hit in the 10-inning victory over the Royals, 6-5.
    2001 - The Los Angeles Lakers take their second in a row NBA Championship, beating the Philadelphia 76ers in game 5.
    2002 - The Los Angeles Lakers take their third consecutive NBA Championship.
    2005 - A judge in Mississippi approved a divorce settlement between Jerry Lee Lewis and his sixth wife, Kerrie Lynn McCarver Lewis. She would receive $250,000 immediately and $30,000 a year for five years.
    2005 - Joining Mayor Michael Bloomberg, Governor George Pataki, and team officials, George Steinbrenner announces plans for new ballpark in The Bronx. The Yankee-financed $800 million facility, which will be built north of the current stadium in Macombs Dam Park, will seat at least 51,800 and will mirror the ‘The House that Ruth Built’ including limestone walls and the familiar copper frieze.  The New Yankee Stadium opened for the 2009 season across River Ave and behind what was left field from the original.  The former site remains as a community park with several fields at the corners of the former outfield, in addition to the original diamond location.
    2014 – The San Antonio Spurs beat the Miami Heat, 104-87, depriving the Heat of a third consecutive NBA title.

Stanley Cup Champions
1998 - Detroit Red Wings

NBA Champions    
2001 - Los Angeles Lakers 
2002 - Los Angeles Lakers 
2003 - San Antonio Spurs
2004 - Detroit Pistons
2014 – San Antonio Spurs



The object is to insert the numbers in the boxes to satisfy only one condition: each row, column and 3x3 box must contain the digits 1 through 9 exactly once. What could be simpler?



Daily Puzzle

How to play:

Refresh for current date:






See USA map, click to specific area, no commercials



Traffic Live---

Real Time Traffic Information

You can save up to 20 different routes and check them out with one click,
or type in a new route to learn the traffic live



How to Play