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Leasing News is a website that posts information, news, and
entertainment for the commercial alternate financing,
bank, finance and leasing industries

Friday, May 22, 2020

Today's Leasing News Headlines

Equipment Broker School Sign Ups Surged
   Includes report MCA, Funders, Business Loans, Leasing Marketplace
Cannabis Could Prevent Coronavirus Infection,
    Claims Canadian Study
New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
    and Related Industries
U.S. Manufacturing Output Takes Biggest Hit in 100 Years
    Vehicle Production May Change the May Report
Fixed Bayonets/The Train/Heartbreak Ridge
  The Messenger/Fury---Memorial Day Edition
    By Leasing News' Fernando Croce
    Rochester, New York Adopt-a-Dog
Leasing/Finance/Business Loan Schools
    Several Have Many Long Term Programs
News Briefs---
US Workers Have Lost $1.3 Trillion in Income During Pandemic
  Austin, Raleigh, San Jose to recover fastest/ not Detroit & Cleveland
NFIB Survey: Majority of Small Businesses
    Have Received PPP Loan Funding
Millions miss credit card, car loan payments
   amid coronavirus crisis
No tourism means millions in budget cuts
    for St. Louis tourism office
Ford forced to halt production at two plants
    after employees test positive for Covid-19
Sears' survival is in doubt
   the coronavirus pandemic could be the end
Social distancing a week earlier could have saved
    36,000 American lives, study says
A quarter of Americans are hesitant about a coronavirus
   vaccine - Reuters/Ipsos poll
Zuckerberg: 50% of Facebook employees may
    soon permanently work remotely
U.S. Securities And Exchange Commission Launches
    Investigations Into PPP Loans
‘Hero’ Costco Worker Hailed After Showdown
    With Irate Shopper Over Mask Policy

You May have Missed---
These 30 US cities may be on the verge of a
   coronavirus pandemic-driven housing crisis

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

  Sports Brief----
   California Nuts Brief---
    "Gimme that Wine"
     This Day in History
       Daily Puzzle
         Weather, USA or specific area
          Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.



### Press Release ############################

Equipment Broker School Sign Ups surged
Includes Report of MCA, Funders, Business Loans, Leasing Marketplace

Rochester, New York. Equipment Broker School sign ups surged more than 200% the past 2 months (April & May) in comparison to the previous 2 months (February & March).

Josh Feinberg, Co-Founder and President/CEO, Everlasting Capital. said “We are encouraged by our increasing sign up momentum yet remain highly focused on our plan to rapidly reach more and more brokers to help them get through this financially. They have financial needs to fulfill and families to feed.

Equipment Broker School said in a press release that when the company was created, “This new venture centers around one of Everlasting Capital’s core values of continuous improvement. Improving ability to learn more and retain information is imperative for the industry. For us to compete and provide world-class service to our customers, we recognize creating an online course is the singular best action we could take in helping others become the ultimate professionals and experts in their role.”

Most of the Cash Advance Brokers across the country have shifted to working from home or limited office capacity as funders and lenders have cut back or completely stopped lending. Some brokers have needed to spend their time focusing on other programs trying to find any way to get commissions. However, many of those programs have turned into wasted time. While the Equipment Finance & Leasing market has not slowed down since the beginning of this crisis, other brokers are using the extra time they are spending at home or in the office to learn the Equipment Finance Industry.

“Equipment Broker School’s diversification model is uniquely suited to serving financial brokers’ very real needs at this challenging time,” Co-Founder added, “We are encouraged by our increasing sign up momentum yet remain highly focused on our plan to rapidly reach more and more brokers to help them get through this financially. They have financial needs to fulfill, and families to feed.”

Equipment Broker School expects the demand for this training platform to increase month over month, as it is becoming more evident that cash advance funders and lenders will not be coming back any time soon.

The company added that it is “accelerating” efforts to create a partner program with the potential of expanding the Everlasting Capital brand, without going into too much detail. They will provide an update on those strategies in the next 30-60 days.

The issue for Cash Advance Brokers has long been, how long until the bubble bursts. The industry has been criticized, among other things, for charging too much for the funds. Also has been criticized for the type of documents the funders have used to gain back defaulted funds.

Will Murphy, Co-Founder of Equipment Broker School, commented, “The fact that Equipment Broker School is seeing an increase in sign ups makes sense

“Equipment Broker School had told brokers to prepare for the worst and add a new lending product like Equipment Finance, while Cash Advance Brokers didn’t take the advice, we are seeing them change their mind.”

Prior to COVID-19 striking, only about 5% of Cash Advance Brokers offered Equipment Finance & Leasing. Murphy said. “We expect that will increase to at least 15-20% by the end of this.”

At the same time, there will be another 20% that will try to make the switch without training and the lenders will not accept their business.

“Of course, to the extent that the pandemic is a short-lived phenomenon, when brokers understand what has happened, that will bring that 15-20% of the brokers back in business while the others will be left with no options” Murphy cautioned.

The test for brokers will be trying to maintain new customers and enticing them to finance more without racking up too many expenses that prevent the company from reaching profitability.
Equipment Broker School said it has introduced Webinars, industry veterans from Direct Lenders share what is going on within their firms and the industry.

Even with businesses opening, the only thing that has saved their other entity Everlasting Capital, is Equipment Finance.

To learn more about Equipment Broker School please visit

##### Press Release ############################


##### Press Release ############################

Cannabis Could Prevent Coronavirus Infection,
Canadian Study Finds

A little over four months after the coronavirus was first identified in Wuhan, China, the virus has infected over 4.5 million people worldwide, and left at least 300,000 dead, and the hunt for a cure and, ultimately, a vaccine is raging on. However, due to insufficient data on the novel coronavirus and its penchant towards mutation, scientists are basically shooting in the dark and hoping for a favorable outcome. There have been rumors of numerous cures for the virus, from the anti-malaria drug hydrochxychloroquine, herbal cures and coronavirus oils to cannabis, all of which have been dismissed.

However, based on the results from a preliminary study, proponents of cannabis as a cure or mean of prevention against the coronavirus shouldn’t give up just yet. Scientists conducting a study at Canada’s University of Lethbridge are now theorizing that certain strains of cannabis may possibly prevent COVID-19 infection. After studying over 400 strains of marijuana, the researchers concluded that at least a dozen of them helped in preventing the coronavirus from having a host in the mouth, intestines and lungs.

According to the study’s head researcher Dr. Igor Kovalchuck, “a number of them have reduced the number of the virus receptors by 73% and the chances of it getting in are much lower. If they can reduce the number of receptors, there’s much less chance of getting infected.” The study, which was published April 19 on Preprints, a platform of early versions of research outputs, states that all cannabis plants for the study were grown in a licensed facility at the University of Lethbridge to obtain the extracts, which were then applied to artificial human 3D tissue models of oral, airway and intestinal tissues.

The researchers identified 13 CBD extracts that are able to change the levels of enzyme ACE2 which has previously been linked to COVID-19 infection. Some strains were also found to control serine protease TMPRSS2, another protein that facilitates the infection of COVID-19 into host cells. The study concluded that the extracts, “pending further investigation, may become a useful and safe addition to the treatment of COVID-19 as an adjunct therapy.”

Once the study is peer reviewed and more research proves cannabis’ viability in preventing coronavirus infection, “the extracts can be used to develop easy to use preventative treatments in the form of mouthwash and throat gargle products for both clinical and at-home use. Such products ought to be tested for their potential to decrease viral entry via the oral mucosa. Given the current dire and rapidly evolving epidemiological situation, every possible therapeutic opportunity and avenue must be considered.”

Industry watchers say such research findings come as good news to marijuana companies like Green Growth Brands Inc. (CSE: GGB) (OTCQB: GGBXF) who have always said that the full medical benefits of this versatile plant will takes years or even decades to be fully documented.

About CNW420

CNW420 spotlights the latest developments in the rapidly evolving cannabis industry through the release of two informative articles each business day. Our concise, informative content serves as a gateway for investors interested in the legalized cannabis sector and provides updates on how regulatory developments may impact financial markets. Articles are released each business day at 4:20 a.m. and 4:20 p.m. Eastern – our tribute to the time synonymous with cannabis culture. If marijuana and the burgeoning industry surrounding it are on your radar, CNW420 is for you! Check back daily to stay up-to-date on the latest milestones in the fast -changing world of cannabis.

#### Press Release #############################



New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
and Related Industries


Kristi Herig was promoted to Senior Vice President, First Bank Richmond, Richmond, Indiana.  She continues to serve as President, First Federal Leasing, a division of First Bank Richmond.  She joined the bank July, 1999.  Volunteer Experience: Board Member, Communities in Schools of Indiana (June, 2006 - May, 2011); Organize, Girls Give Giving Circle (May, 2014 - Present); Board Member, Sunrise Therapeutic Riding Center (March, 2015 - December, 2016); Volunteer Reader, Third Grade Reading Academy (June, 2012 - Present); Church Council Member, First English Lutheran Church (January, 2014 - Present). Board of Directors, Treasurer, Brighter Path, Inc. (January, 2017 - Present).  Education: Purdue University (1994 - 1995). Ball State University, College of Business. Bachelor of Science (B.S), Business Administration, Management and Operations (1995 - 1998). Anderson University, Master of Business Administration (MBA), Business Administration, Management and Operations (2001 - 2003).

Casey Holyk was promoted to Vice President of Client Relations, Quiktrak, Portland, Oregon.  He joined the firm April, 2015, as Director of Operations, Auto Division and Inspection Services; promoted June, 2018, Director of Client Development.  Previously, he was at Manheim, starting as Dealer Sales Rep, January, 2001; promoted June, 2004, Dealer Sales Manager; promoted July, 2008, Regional Sales Manager, West; promoted January, 2010, Assistant General Manager.  Education: University of Phoenix, Bachelors of Science in Business Management. Current Student.

Ryan Marr was hired as an Advisor for Chesswood, Toronto, Canada (Blue Chip Leasing, Pawnee Leasing, Tandem Finance). shows he remains at Waypoint Investment Partners as Partner and Portfolio Manager, joining the firm January 2018.  The press release states "… managed and co-managed portfolios investing in North American equities across a variety of strategies including equity long only, equity long / short and non-resource equities." Prior, he was at Gluskin Sheff and Associates, Inc., starting January, 2006, Equity Research Associate; promoted September, 2009, as Analyst, Investment Management; promoted September, 2014, Vice-President and Portfolio Manager. He began his career at Intern, Calloway REIT (January, 2006 - September, 2006).  Licenses. Chartered Investment Manager (CIM), Canadian Securities Institute (CSI). Derivatives Fundamentals and Options Licensing. Canadian Securities Institute (CSI); Registered Portfolio Manager, Ontario Securities Commission.  Education: Wilfrid Laurier University. Honors Economics and Financial Management.

Michelle Moval was hired as National Finance Manager, Ascentium Capital, Subsidiary of Regions Bank, Kingwood, Texas. She is located in the Scottsdale, Arizona office.  Previously, she was National Account Manager, AP Equipment Financing (July, 2019 - May, 2020); Merchandiser, Fred Meyers, October, 2016 - July, 2019). Licenses: Creativity Bootcamp, LinkedIn, Issued January, 2019.  Digital Media Sales Consultant, YP/VP Marketing Solutions.  Education: Orange Coast College, General Studies.

Kurt Runkle was hired as Account Executive, Siemens Financial.  He is located in the Greater Philadelphia Area. Previously, he was Financial Sales Executive, IBM Global Financing (January, 2017 - September, 2019); Account Manager, Helios DSI (January, 2014 - December, 2016); Regional Manager, Balboa Capital (May, 2012 - November, 2013);  Leasing Specialist, Philips Medical Capital (January, 2004 - February, 2007); Leasing Specialist,  De Lage Landen (September, 1996 - December, 2003). Education: Penn State University,  Bachelor of Science (BS), Business, Management, Marketing, and Related Support Services.  Activities and Societies: Sigma Kappa Nu.  BS Business Management with Economics Minor.



U.S. industrial production suffered a historic falloff in April, as the COVID-19 pandemic led many factories to slow operations or shut down completely to comply with state regulations. According to data published by the Federal Reserve, manufacturing output was hit particularly hard, dropping by 13.7 percent over March, the steepest fall in the 101-year history of the industrial production index.

At 85.5 percent of its 2012 average, manufacturing output was at its lowest level since 1997, as all major industries reported declines in output. The production of motor vehicles and parts was by far the most affected, as closed assembly plants across the nation resulted in a 72 percent output drop. Light vehicle production came in at an annual rate of 70,000, compared to an assembly rate of 11 million in February.

Other industries heavily affected include textiles, apparel & leather goods at -21 percent and -24 percent, respectively, as well as aerospace & misc. transportation (-22 percent) and furniture (-21 percent).

By Felix Richter, Statista


Special Memorial Day Edition
By Fernando F. Croce

For this upcoming Memorial Day weekend, check out these patriotic classics from Netflix for a cinematic celebration of the courage and resolve of the men and women protecting country and freedom.

Fixed Bayonets! (Samuel Fuller, 1951): A former battleground veteran, newshound-turned-filmmaker Samuel Fuller followed his brilliant “The Steel Helmet” with this equally vivid and suspenseful account of a division of American soldiers in enemy territory during the Korean War. Chosen to provide rear-guard protection as their division retreats, the platoon finds itself divided between gruff Sergeant Rock (Gene Evans) and inexperienced Corporal Denno (Richard Basehart). Facing treacherous terrain, freezing temperatures and hidden snipers, the men have their courage put to the test as they make their way back to safety. Though filmed entirely on studio sets, the film brims with gritty authenticity thanks to Fuller’s no-nonsense knowledge of dangerous situations, crusty humanity and dark humor. Not as well-known as “The Big Red One,” this swift and brutal film is worth discovering.

The Train (John Frankenheimer, 1964): World War II tales don’t come much more thrilling than this exceptional action-drama, set in France just as the Allies are ready to push the Germans out of Paris. Determined to loot the artistic works of the nation, Nazi officer Von Waldheim (Paul Scofield) secretly loads a train with priceless paintings. However, the Resistance learns of his scheme and comes up with a way to foil it with the help of railroad inspector Labiche (Burt Lancaster). At the helm of the locomotive, Labiche finds himself turning into a reluctant rebel, more interested in destroying enemy weapons than in saving paintings. Dynamically directed by John Frankenheimer, the film works superbly as both a ripping adventure and a study on the value of art and human life

Heartbreak Ridge (Clint Eastwood, 1986): Though Clint Eastwood is justly celebrated for his stark accounts of men in war (“Flags of Our Fathers,” “American Sniper”), this salty military drama finds the star-director in a lighter, more relaxed mood. Eastwood plays seasoned Marine Sergeant Thomas Highway, who’s become a walking anachronism in the midst of officers with no combat experience. Getting back to basics, he’s assigned to whip into shape a platoon of lackadaisical recruits. There he butts heads with a hostile superior (Everett McGill), touches base with his ex-wife (Marsha Mason), and crosses paths with a young con man turned recruit (Mario Van Peebles). The soldiers’ training is put to practical use during the invasion of Grenada. Anchored by Eastwood’s irascible charisma, this is an enjoyably old-fashioned yarn.

The Messenger (Oren Moverman, 2009): An often overlooked film about the effect of war on soldiers and their families, Oren Moverman's clearheaded and humane drama deserves recognition. Ben Foster stars as Will Montgomery, a young soldier who, after being wounded in Iraq, continues his service back home at as a casualty notification officer. Teamed up with Tony Stone (Woody Harrelson, in an Oscar-nominated turn), a veteran with his own personal demons, Will struggles with his new position yet at gradually learns to cope with the pain. Things get complicated, however, when he becomes involved with a troubled widow named Olivia (Samantha Morton). Sidestepping politics to focus on the battered humanity that unites the characters, the film addresses its thorny issues with compassion and humor.

Fury (David Ayer, 2014): After a terrific comic turn in "Inglourious Basterds," Brad Pitt goes to a more serious battleground in this solid war drama, directed by David Ayer ("Street Kings"). Set in 1945 as the conflict in Europe nears its end, the story follows tough Army Collier (Pitt, in fine commanding form) as he leads his crew inside a tank behind enemy lines. As they get closer to Nazi leaders, the soldiers have to deal with danger from every side, from skirmishes hiding around the corner to the inexperienced new grunt Swan (Shia LeBeouf) in their midst. Can they make it back home? Depicting life and death in this hellish landscape with relentless intensity and a cracking supporting cast, the movie is a forcefully visceral portrayal of combat.


Rochester, New York Adopt-a-Dog


Coat Length: Long
Health: Vaccinationos up to date
Good in a home with other dogs
Adoption Fee: $400

Oscar is an adorable mini poodle 5-yr-old poodle and weighs 11 lbs who joined us from a puppy mill in Ohio. He's completed all his vet work and healed nicely from his neuter and dental. Only a couple of teeth needed to be removed. Oscar will definitely need an active young children, teenager fine. He's super aware of his surroundings. Because he's only been here a short time and had two surgeries right away, his foster hasn't pushed any training. He needed time to adjust and then recuperate. Training will definitely be a top priority starting with going potty outside, working on his barking, and then on to walking on a leash, etc. He's very sweet but not super comfortable being held. He does respond to be petted when he's laying in his bed. Given the chance and proper training, Oscar will be an amazing companion. While he has not been around cats we expect he would be fine with them. We are requiring a physically fenced in yard for this boy as well as a companion dog for him to learn and play with.

An application must be filled out to meet any of our dogs, to apply go to so foster can contact you. We do not have a shelter, dogs are in foster homes.

We are trying to still help dogs in need and do adoptions while keeping everyone safe. We thank you for understanding this is a difficult and learning time for us as well as our adopters.

New 2U Rescues
1857 Dewey Avenue, Box 15496
Rochester, NY 14615
Phone: 585-371-8884

We are Foster based rescue, there is no Shelter for you to stop in and meet dogs.


Leasing/Finance/Business Loan Schools
Several Have Many Long Term Programs

Commercial Capital Training Group
Equipment Broker School
Global Leasing
Wheeler Leasing School

Full List:

Financial and Sales Training


News Briefs----

US Workers Have Lost $1.3 Trillion in Income During Pandemic
 Austin, Raleigh, San Jose to recover fastest/ not Detroit & Cleveland

NFIB Survey: Majority of Small Businesses
    Have Received PPP Loan Funding

Millions miss credit card, car loan payments
   amid coronavirus crisis

No tourism means millions in budget cuts
    for St. Louis tourism office

Ford forced to halt production at two plants
    after employees test positive for Covid-19

Sears' survival is in doubt
   the coronavirus pandemic could be the end

Social distancing a week earlier could have saved
    36,000 American lives, study says

A quarter of Americans are hesitant about a coronavirus
   vaccine - Reuters/Ipsos poll

Zuckerberg: 50% of Facebook employees may
    soon permanently work remotely

U.S. Securities And Exchange Commission Launches
    Investigations Into PPP Loans

‘Hero’ Costco Worker Hailed After Showdown
    With Irate Shopper Over Mask Policy


You May Have Missed---

These 30 US cities may be on the verge of a
   coronavirus pandemic-driven housing crisis


Sports Briefs---

Boxing set for June 9 return in Las Vegas

What sports can learn from Spanish flu
     about playing during a pandemic

Tony Hawk’s 900 Spin Was Amazing.
    An 11-Year-Old Skateboarder Stuck a 1080

‘100 miles per hour’: Five looming questions
    for Mike McCarthy in Year 1 with Cowboys

NFL owners table proposal to incentivize
      hiring of minority coaches, GMs


California Nuts Briefs---

UC regents unanimously approve plan to drop SAT
   and ACT from admissions

University of California campuses will open
    in the fall, Napolitano says

Facebook dramatically reshapes huge Silicon Valley village plan

Hard Rock Hotel & Casino reopens to long lines:
   ‘It’s about time we can really live’

Huge group of Placer students poses for graduation photo,
  defying county coronavirus order



“Gimme that Wine”

Napa Restaurants Open, Tasting Rooms Stay Shut

In bid to reopen sooner, Napa County asks California
   to lift restrictions on wineries

Critical Acclaim for Santa Cruz Mountains Wine

Free Wine App

Wine Prices by vintage

US/International Wine Events

Leasing News Wine & Spirits Page


This Day in History

     1761 – The first life insurance policy in North America issued in Philadelphia.  
    1798 - Canada: Chippewa cede 28,000 acres in Ontario, including present-day site of Toronto, for 101 British pounds.
    1802 - Martha Washington (1731-1802), our first First Lady (the title was not coined until after her death), passed away at Mount Vernon.  By 1799, the number of Martha Washington's "dower" slaves had grown to 153; George Washington owned 124 people, and at least a dozen Washington-owned slaves intermarried. Washington's will stipulated that his own slaves were to be set free after his wife's death so that intermarried families would not be broken up.  In January 1801, Martha freed her husband's slaves, just over a year after his death.   A remarkable woman who was also “first in our hearts of her country.”
    1803 – The first public library opened, in Connecticut.
    1804 - The Lewis and Clark Expedition officially began as the Corps of Discovery departed from St. Charles, Missouri.
    1807 - Former Vice-President Aaron Burr was on trial for "assembling an armed seize the city of New Orleans...and to separate the Western from the Atlantic states."  He was later acquitted.
    1807 - Townsend Speakman first sold fruit-flavored carbonated drinks, in Philadelphia.
    1819 - The SS Savannah left Savannah, GA on a voyage to become the first steamship to cross the Atlantic. The ship arrived at Liverpool, England, on June 20.
    1842 - Farmers Lester Howe and Henry Wetsel discovered Howe Caverns when they stumbled upon a large gaping hole in the ground.
    1843 - 1,000 men, women, and children climbed aboard their wagons and steered their horses west out of the small town of Elm Grove, Missouri. The train comprised more than 100 wagons with a herd of 5,000 oxen and cattle trailing behind. Dr. Elijah White, a Presbyterian missionary who had made the trip the year before, served as guide. The first section of the Oregon Trail ran through the relatively flat country of the Great Plains. Obstacles were few, though the river crossings could be dangerous for wagons. The danger of Indian attacks was a small but genuine risk. To be on the safe side, the pioneers drew their wagons into a circle at night to create a makeshift stockade. If they feared Indians might raid their livestock (the Plains tribes valued the horses, though generally ignored the oxen) they would drive the animals into the enclosure. Although many neophyte pioneers believed Indians were their greatest threat, they quickly learned that they were more likely to be injured or killed by a host of more mundane causes. Obstacles included accidental discharge of firearms, falling off mules or horses, drowning in river crossings, and disease. After entering the mountains, the trail also became much more difficult, with steep ascents and descents over rocky terrain. The pioneers risked injury from overturned and runaway wagons.
Of the 1,000-person party that made the journey in 1843, the vast majority of pioneers on the trail survived to reach their destination in the fertile, well-watered land of western Oregon. The migration of 1844 was smaller than that of the previous season, but in 1845, it jumped to nearly 3,000. Thereafter, migration on the Oregon Trail was an annual event, although the practice of traveling in giant convoys of wagons gave way to many smaller bands of one or two-dozen wagons. The trail was heavily traveled until 1884, when the Union Pacific constructed a railway along the route.
    1844 - Mary Cassatt (1844-1926) was born in Allegheny City, PA.  She was the only U.S. painter to exhibit with the French Impressionists. She is known for her paintings of women and children because, some say, such subject matter did not challenge any male egos and it was the price she had to pay to be accepted into the French Impressionists’ school. In fact, she liked to paint women and children and it enabled her to expand in an un-crowded field. The natural posing of her subjects is still unsurpassed. She resided in France most of her life and in her late 50s, began to have eye problems that forced her to stop painting at age 70. Although often described as a "old maid," her diary reveals love affairs - some with women.

    1849 – Abraham Lincoln received a patent, the only US president to do so, for a device to lift a boat over shoals and obstructions.
    1856 - Southern Congressman Preston Brooks savagely beats Northern Senator Charles Sumner in the halls of Congress as tensions rise over the expansion of slavery. Wielding the cane he used for injuries he incurred in a duel over a political debate in 1840, Brooks entered the Senate chamber and attacked Sumner at his desk, which was bolted to the floor. Sumner's legs were pinned by the desk so he could not escape the savage beating. It was not until other congressmen subdued Brooks that Sumner finally escaped. Brooks became an instant hero in the South and supporters sent him many replacement canes. He was vilified in the North and became a symbol of the stereotypically inflexible, uncompromising representative of the slave power. The incident exemplified the growing hostility between the two camps in the prewar years. Sumner did not return to the Senate for three years while he recovered. 
    1861 - The first Union solider killed in the Civil War was Bailey Thornsberry Brown, Company B, 2nd West Virginia Volunteer Infantry. He was engaged in obtaining recruits and ambushed by Confederate pickets at Fetterman, near Grafton, WV.
    1863 – The War Department established the Bureau of Colored Troops.  The designation United States Colored Troops replaced the varied state titles that had been given to the African American soldiers.  President Lincoln did not authorize use of African Americans in combat until issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863: "And I further declare and make known, that such persons of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service."  The bureau was to systematize the process of raising black units and securing officers for them. It also served as a clearinghouse of information on these units. Over the course of the next year, the War Department began to change the names of black commands. Instead of state designations, they became United States Colored Troops and the various units became United States Colored Infantry, Artillery, or Cavalry.  The USCT was disbanded in the fall of 1865. In 1867, the Regular Army was set at ten regiments of cavalry and 45 regiments of infantry. The Army was authorized to raise two regiments of black cavalry and four regiments of black infantry who were mostly drawn from USCT veterans.
    1872 – President Grant signed the Amnesty Act into law restoring full civil and political rights to all but about 500 Confederate sympathizers.
    1884 – One-armed pitcher Hugh Daily, pitching for the Chicago Browns of the Union Association, fanned 13 hitters. He had lost his left hand to a gun accident earlier in his life. Later, on July 7, he struck out 20, a record that would stand until Tom Cheney of the Washington Senators tied it more than 75 years later.  A right-hander who played six seasons for seven different teams, in 1883 and 1884, he won 20 or more games each season, while finishing in the top ten among league leaders in major pitching categories. Daily established the pitching record for strikeouts in a season (later surpassed), tied a record by tossing two consecutive one-hitters, broke the record for one-hitters in a season, and threw a no-hitter. 
    1892 - Birthday of Ralph Peer (1892-1960) in Kansas City, Missouri, the most notable talent scout of the 1920's. Peer, who discovered such artists as Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family, was appointed recording director for Okeh Records in 1920. He first began recording blues artists, but when the rival Victor Company scored a hit with Wendell Hall's hillbilly song, "It Ain't Gonna Rain No More," in 1923, he was authorized to organize field recording centers throughout the US South. Peer's first session with Fiddlin' John Carson proved to be a landmark in country music. By 1927, Peer was working for Victor records, and in August of that year assured himself a place in country music history by recording the first sessions of both Jimmie Rodgers and the Carter Family. In 1928, Peer formed the Southern Music Publishing Company, which continues today as the Peer-Southern Organization, a multi-million-dollar concern. 
    1900 – The Associated Press organized in NYC as a non-profit news cooperative.
    1902 - One of the world's deepest lakes, Crater Lake, in south central Oregon, was first discovered in 1853. In 1885, William Gladstone Steele saw the lake and made it his personal goal to establish the lake and surrounding areas as a national park. His goal was attained 17 years late. The lake partly fills a nearly 2,148-foot-deep caldera that was formed around 7,700 years ago by the collapse of the volcano Mount Mazama. There are no rivers flowing into or out of the lake; the evaporation is compensated for by rain and snowfall at a rate such that the total amount of water is replaced every 250 years. With a depth of 1,949 feet, the lake is the deepest in the United States. In the world, it ranks ninth for maximum depth, and third for mean (average) depth.
    1902 - Marie Poland Fish’s (d. 1989) birthday, Paterson, NJ.  An ichthyologist, at 21, she discovered where eels laid their eggs, a puzzle that for 2,000 years was one of the great mysteries of science. Eels are a staple food source in much of the world and the discovery enabled the enlargement of the crops. In later years, she was awarded U.S. Navy's Distinguished Public Service Award for her work in oceanography and as a marine biologist. Her inventions enabled the Navy to distinguish between large schools of fish and enemy submarines with sonar.

    1902 - President Theodore Roosevelt signed a treaty with Mexico under which both countries agreed to submit a long-standing dispute over interest payments to the Court of Arbitration at The Hague
    1906 – The Wright Brothers patented an aeroplane.
    1906 - A British garrison left Esquimalt, on the Pacific coast, after a military occupation that began in 1858: these were the last British soldiers stationed in Canada.
    1910 – Johnny Olson (1910-85), the voice of “The Price is Right,” was born in Windom, MN.
    1911 - The temperature at Lewiston, Maine soared to 101 degrees. It was the hottest reading ever recorded in New England during the month of May.
    1911 – Boston Braves P Cliff Curtis lost his 23rd game in a row.  His Major League career lasted from 1909 to 1913, during which he never had a winning season. 
    1914 - Birthday of Le Sony'r Ra, born Herman Poole Blount (d. 1993) and better known as Sun Ra, in Birmingham, AL.  He was a pioneering and innovative jazz musician whose Avant Garde performances mixed elements of theater with his surreal composition and performance style.
    1915 – Lassen Peak erupted and is the only mountain, other than Mount St. Helens, to erupt in the continental US during the 20th century.
    1924 - Birthday of French singer Charles Aznavour (d. 2018) in Paris.
    1928 – Singer Jackie Cain’s (1928-2014) birthday in Milwaukee, WI.
    1928 – T. Boone Pickens’ (d. 2019) birthday in Holdenville, OK.  Pickens chaired the hedge fund BP Capital Management. He was a well-known takeover operator and corporate raider during the 1980s. As of November 2016, Pickens had a net worth of $500 million. 
    1930 – With the Babe smacking three long HRs in consecutive at-bats, the Yankees went on to hit a total of 14 in that game.
    1930 - Birthday of Harvey Bernard Milk (1930-78), gay rights activist and San Francisco city Supervisor, (early nickname "Glimpy Milch) in Woodmere, Long Island, New York.  He was the first openly gay person to be elected to public office in California when he won a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors in 1977.  Milk served almost 11 months in office and was responsible for passing a stringent gay rights ordinance for the city. On November 27, 1978, Milk and Mayor George Moscone were assassinated by Dan White, another city supervisor who had recently resigned but wanted his job back. 
    1934 - Birthday of pianist and conductor Peter Nero, born Bernard Nierow in Brooklyn.
    1937 - British jazz traditionalist Kenny Ball (d. 2013) was born in Ilford, England. He had a string of hits during what was known as the "Traditional Jazz" (Dixieland) craze in Britain in the early 1960's. "Midnight in Moscow" was Ball's only hit in North America. A similar arrangement of the tune is used by Radio Moscow as its signature on English-language shortwave broadcasts. 
    1938 – The Brooklyn Dodgers announced plans to install lights at Ebbets Field.  At the first night game ever held at Ebbets Field, on June 15, 1938, Johnny Vander Meer of the Cincinnati Reds threw his second straight no-hitter, becoming the only man to ever throw consecutive no-hitters in the Majors. 
    1942 - The Steel Workers Organizing Committee disbanded and a new trade union, the United Steelworkers, was formed.
    1942 – Ted Williams enlisted in the Marines as a flight instructor.  In addition to serving in World War II, Williams was recalled to fly during the Korean War.  He narrowly escaped death when his jet fighter, damaged after a strafing, exploded after landing just seconds after Williams was able to escape.
    1942 – The Unabomber, Ted Kaczynski, was born in Evergreen Park, IL.  Between 1978 and 1995, he killed three people and injured 23 others in an attempt to start a revolution by conducting a nationwide bombing campaign targeting people involved with modern technology.  Kaczynski was the subject of the longest and most expensive investigation in the history of the Federal Bureau of Investigation. After his arrest in 1996, Kaczynski tried unsuccessfully to dismiss his court-appointed lawyers because they wanted him to plead insanity in order to avoid the death penalty, whereas he did not believe that he was insane. In 1998, a plea bargain was reached under which he pleaded guilty to all charges and was sentenced to life in prison without possibility of parole.
    1943 – The man for whom the surgery is named, Tommy John, was born in Terre Haute, IN.  Often forgotten are the 288 games he won in the Majors, the seventh-most by a lefty in Major League history.  That is more than 32 members of the Baseball of Hall of Fame of which John is not a member.
    1945 - Army Major Robert B. Staver recommended that the U.S. evacuate German scientists and engineers to help in the development of rocket technology.
    1946 – The first rocket to reach edge of space was fired from White Sands Missile Range, NM.
    1947 - Congress approved the Truman Doctrine in order to contain Communism after World War II. It provided for US aid to Greece and Turkey. A corollary of this doctrine was the Marshall Plan, which began sending aid to war-torn European countries in 1948.
    1950 - Pop lyricist Bernie Taupin was born in Sleaford, England. Taupin has been closely linked throughout his career with rock star Elton John, and for most of the 1970's the two were a virtual hit factory, putting 23 singles in the Billboard Top 40, including five that made number one. Among the chart-toppers were "Crocodile Rock" and "Bennie and the Jets."
    1950 - Top Hits
“My Foolish Heart” - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Eileen Wilson)
“Bewitched” - The Bill Snyder Orchestra
“If I Knew You Were Comin' I'd've Baked a Cake” - Eileen Barton
“Birmingham Bounce” - Red Foley
    1952 - San Francisco's first Jazz Festival on Sunday Evening will be headlined by Louis Armstrong and his troupe. Also on the program are the Dave Brubeck Quartet, Anita O'Day and the Four Freshman. 
    1953 - Charlie Parker begins the recording session that produced some of his unforgettable albums with strings and voices. This day he cut “Old Folks,” “If I Love Again,” and “In the Still of the Night.” He was a jazz genius and performer. The background may sound “tinny” due to the recording abilities in those days, but Parker's alto saxophone solos shine through today with brilliance and his melodies are quite apparent, something questioned in 1953. I listen to this album quite often and have never been bored hearing it again. In fact, it is really a classic, as each time I play it, I swear it is better and I hear something I did not before.

    1955 – Comedian Jack Benny signed off his last live network radio broadcast after a run of 23 years. Joining Milton Berle and his best friend George Burns, his television shows became as popular as his radio shows, as he brought along with him his announcer Don Wilson; bandleader Phil Harris; Eddie ‘Rochester' Anderson; singer Dennis Day; and his wife, Mary Livingstone.
    1955 - Police in Bridgeport, Connecticut cancel a dance at the Ritz ballroom featuring Fats Domino. Authorities say the cancellation is because they discovered that "Rock and Roll dances might be featured" and justify their action by citing "a recent near riot at the New Haven Arena" where Rock and Roll dances were held. 
    1956 – The last “Bob Hope Show” aired on NBC.
    1958 - Jerry Lee Lewis arrives at London's Heathrow Airport to begin his first British tour, along with his new bride, 14-year-old third cousin, Myra. Although advised not to mention it, Lewis answers all questions about his private life, truthfully. The public's shock over Lewis' marriage marks the start of a controversy which eventually ruins his career. The London Morning Star runs an editorial calling Lewis "an undesirable alien" and calls for his deportation, leading to his British tour being cancelled after just 3 of the scheduled 37 performances.  
    1958 - Top Hits
“All I Have to Do is Dream” - The Everly Brothers
“Return to Me” - Dean Martin
“Johnny B. Goode” - Chuck Berry
“Just Married” - Marty Robbins
    1959 - Benjamin O. Davis, Jr., became the first African-American major general in US Air Force.
    1960 - Virtually all coastal towns between the 37th and 44th parallels were severely damaged by a tsunami that struck Hilo, Hawaii.
    1961 - The first revolving restaurant was dedicated, The Top of the Needle, located at the 500-foot level of the 500-foot-high steel and glass tower at the Century 21 exposition, Seattle, WA. It contained 260 seats and revolved 360 degrees in an hour. Above the restaurant was an observation deck and above that, a beacon. It was designed by John Graham and Company.  Today, there is the Space Needle, privately owned and operated.
    1962 – The Yankees’ Roger Maris walked five times, four intentionally.
    1963 - Mickey Mantle of the New York Yankees hit a home run off Bill Fisher of the Kansas City Athletics as the Yankees beat the A's, 8-7. Mantle's blast caromed off the rooftop facade at Yankee Stadium and came within a few feet of becoming the only homerun ever hit out of that park.  Teammates and fans claimed the ball was still rising when it hit the 110-foot high facade, then caromed back onto the playing field.  This was but one of three hit off the façade by Mantle in his career, the closest anyone has ever come to hitting one out of Yankee Stadium.
    1964 – President Lyndon Johnson announced the goals of his Great Society social reforms to bring an "end to poverty and racial injustice" in America. 
    1965 - The Beatles attained their eighth Billboard number one hit with "Ticket to Ride," on which Paul McCartney, not George Harrison, played lead guitar. 
    1965 - Jackie DeShannon released "What the World Needs Now Is Love."
    1966 - Bruce Springsteen and his band, the Castiles, recorded two songs co-written by Springsteen. The recordings, Springsteen's first, were never released. He and the Castiles did, however, perform several dates at New York's Cafe the following year.
    1966 - Top Hits
“Monday Monday” - The Mamas & The Papas
“Rainy Day Women #12 & 35” - Bob Dylan
“When a Man Loves a Woman” - Percy Sledge
“Distant Drums” - Jim Reeves
    1967 - Premiere of “Mr. Rogers” on TV. “Won't You Be My Neighbor?” Presbyterian minister, Fred Rogers, hosted this long-running PBS children's program Puppets and human characters interacted in the neighborhood of make-believe. Rogers played the voices of many of the puppets and educated young viewers on a variety of important subjects.  The last episodes of the program were filmed in 2001. Almost 2,000 episodes were produced over the show's history.
    1967 - Florence Ballard made what would be her last appearance with the Supremes, performing "The Happening" on tonight's episode of NBC-TV's “Tonight Show.”  A founding member of the Supremes, she sang on 16 top 40 singles with the group, including ten number-one hits. Ballard struggled with alcoholism, depression, and poverty for three years. She was making an attempt at a musical comeback when she died of a heart attack in February 1976 at the age of 32.  Ballard's death was considered by one critic as "one of rock’s greatest tragedies." Ballard was posthumously inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame as a member of the Supremes in 1988.
    1968 – The nuclear-powered submarine USS Scorpion sunk with 99 men aboard 400 miles southwest of the Azores.
    1970 - The “Guess Who” from the Winnipeg, Canada area earned a gold record for both the album and single, "American Woman." It would be one of three million-seller awards for the group. Their other hits included, "These Eyes," "Laughing" and "No Sugar Tonight." The group, which dates back to 1963, disbanded in 1975, with several reunions since then.
    1972 - President Richard Nixon became the first American president to visit Moscow. Four days later, on May 26, Nixon and Soviet leader Leonid Brezhnev signed a treaty on antiballistic missile systems and an interim agreement on limitation of strategic missiles.
    1972 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Oh Girl," Chi-Lites.
    1974 - President Nixon confessed his role in the Watergate cover-up. 
    1974 - Top Hits
“The Streak” - Ray Stevens
“Dancing Machine” - The Jackson 5
“The Entertainer” - Marvin Hamlisch
“Country Bumpkin” - Cal Smith
    1977 - Janet Guthrie became the first woman driver to qualify for the Indianapolis 500 with an average speed of more than 188 miles per hour. She lasted only 27 laps in the race, dropping out when her car broke a valve seal.
    1979 - Cheap Trick's "Live at Budokan" LP was certified gold in the US. It eventually sold more than one-million copies, delaying the release of the follow-up album, "Dream Police." 
    1980 – The highly popular video game “Pac-Man” was released by Namco.
    1982 - Top Hits
“Ebony and Ivory” - Paul McCartney with Stevie Wonder
“Don't Talk to Strangers” - Rick Springfield
“I've Never Been to Me” - Charlene
“Just to Satisfy You” - Waylon & Willie
    1985 – Pete Rose scored his 2,108th run and passed Hank Aaron as the NL run scoring leader
    1985 - “Fortune” Magazine named Sears, Roebuck as the nation's largest retailer for the 21st year in a row.
    1985 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Everything She Wants," Wham!
    1985 - "A View to a Kill," the 14th James Bond film and the last to star Roger Moore, also starring Grace Jones and Christopher Walken (…more cow bells, I need more cow bells!!!), premiered in San Francisco.
    1987 - A powerful F4 tornado obliterated the small southwest Texas community of Saragosa, destroying 85 percent of the structures in the town. The tornado claimed 30 lives and injured 121 others in the town of only 183. The twister hurled trucks and automobiles through adobe and wood-frame homes with some blown over 500 feet. Many of the victims were parents or grandparents of children who died sheltering them from flying debris during a ceremony for head start for four-year-olds.
    1989 - Nearly 30 years after the "payola" law destroys the career of DJ Alan Freed, it's finally used to convict someone in the record industry: promo man Ralph Tashjian is found guilty of distributing cocaine and money to radio stations to get more airplay for, among others, Bruce Springsteen.
    1990 - The Cincinnati Reds intentionally walked outfielder Andre Dawson of the Chicago Cubs a record five times in a 16-inning game. Dawson's five free passes broke the record held by Roger Maris and Garry Templeton. 
    1990 - Microsoft unveiled Windows 3.0 at gala events in twenty cities around the world, linked by satellite to a theater in New York City. The show featured a speech by Bill Gates, as well as laser lights, videos, and surround sound. Microsoft spent $10 million publicizing the new release in what was generally regarded as the most expensive software introduction to date. While PIK, IBM, Apple and others tried to promote their operating system, even with 12 floppy disks, Microsoft sold three million copies of Windows 3.0 as it was quite “user friendly.”
    1990 - Top Hits
“Vogue” - Madonna
“All I Wanna Do is Make Love to You” - Heart
“Hold On” - Wilson Phillips
“Walkin' Away” - Clint Black
    1991 – NFL owners agreed to add two teams – the Carolina Panthers and the Jacksonville Jaguars - to begin play in 1995.
    1992 - After almost 30 years as host of the "Tonight" show, Johnny Carson hosted his last show. The show began as a local New York program on Dumont that was purchased by NBC, and Steve Allen was the first host of the network show. Carson became host on October 1, 1962, taking over from Jack Paar, with side kick Ed McMahon and Doc Severinsen, longtime band leader. In a split with the network, David Letterman went to CBS as Jay Leno was chosen to take over the spot.  “The Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson” was ranked No. 12 on TV Guide’s 50 Greatest TV Shows of All Time and, in 2013, it was ranked No. 22 on their list of 60 Best Series. 
    1992 - Replacing Tom Runnells, Felipe Alou is named as the manager of the Montreal Expos. The eventual second-place Montreal club is 17-20 at the time.
    1993 - The first movie was broadcast on the Internet by its director David Blair. It was his cult science-fiction film “Wax: Or the Discovery of Television Among the Bees.” Blair uploaded the film in digital video format for viewing world-wide.
    1996 - Garth Brooks celebrated his 60-millionth album sold with a 1960s theme party in Nashville. The Recording Industry Association of America said Brooks was the best-selling country artist of all-time and the second-highest selling artist ever in the US. Only the Beatles had sold more. Third place belongs to Billy Joel, who has not released a new song in a decade.
    1997 - The hit-making Fleetwood Mac lineup of Mick Fleetwood, John McVie, Christine McVie, Lindsey Buckingham and Stevie Nicks reunited for their first full-fledged public performance in 15 years. The show, on a soundstage at Warner Brothers studio in Burbank, California, was one of two taped for an MTV special and a live album. Nicks stopped the concert - twice - because she forgot the words to "Dreams," Fleetwood Mac's only number-one single.
    1998 - A federal judge ruled that United States Secret Service agents can be compelled to testify before a grand jury concerning the Lewinsky scandal involving President Bill Clinton.
    2000 - At the ASCAP Pop Music Awards, Steely Dan receives the lifetime songwriting achievement Founders Award.
    2001 - For the second time this season, Barry Bonds homers in six consecutive games. His nine homers during this span established a National League mark. Senators' slugger Frank Howard's 1968 feat of hitting 10 homers in six games is the Major League record.
    2002 – In Washington, DC, the remains of the missing Chandra Levy were found in Rock Creek Park but were too decomposed to shed any light on her death.
    2002 - A jury in Birmingham, Alabama, convicted former Ku Klux Klan member Bobby Frank Cherry of the 1963 murders of four girls in the bombing of the 16th Street Baptist Church.
    2003 – Annika Sorenstam became the first woman to play the PGA Tour in 58 years.    
    2003 - Arturo Moreno purchases the World Champion LA Angels from Walt Disney for $184 million to become the third owner in the 43-year history of the franchise. The 56-year-old outdoor advertising tycoon, who is a fourth-generation Mexican-American, is the first Hispanic to have a controlling interest in a Major League club.
    2004 - Hallam, Nebraska was wiped out by a powerful F4 tornado that broke a width record at an astounding 2.5 miles wide. It also killed one local resident.
    2011 - An F5 Tornado struck Joplin, Missouri, killing at least 158 people, the single deadliest US tornado since modern record keeping began in 1950.
    2012 - Yahoo! sold its stake in Alibaba Group for $7.1 billion.
    2013 - Ibragim Todashev, a suspect under FBI questioning in Orlando, Florida, for his connections to the April, 2013 Boston Marathon bombing, was shot dead after attacking an agent during the course of questioning.  He had allegedly attacked the agent, with a pipe or stick, while writing a statement about the Boston Marathon bombings and a triple homicide in Waltham, MA, on September 11, 2011. The investigators involved in the incident said that Todashev had implicated both himself and Tamerlan Tsarnaev in the Waltham murders before he was killed.



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