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Monday, May 2, 2022

Today's Leasing News Headlines

If You Are the Smartest in the Room…
CLFP Foundation Adds 14 New CLFPs
    from Private Hosting by DLL
Academy for Certified Lease & Finance Professionals
    Updated - May, June, August, October
Leasing Industry Ads
    Take Your Equipment Financing Career to the Next Level
Sales Talent Crisis is Here Now
    By Steve Chriest
Changing Rates Means Time for a New Marketing Plan
    Prepare to Enter New Markets
Top Ten Leasing News Read by Readers
    April 23 to April 27
Leasing Software Companies
    Updated from Previous Posting
Apple's Road to $3 Trillion - Chart
    Capitalization at the end of Respective Year
Mixed Breed
    Santa Monica, California Adopt-a-Dog
May 11-13 Charlotte, North Carolina
     AACFB 2022 Annual Conference
News Briefs---
Sixteen states and environmental groups file lawsuits
    against USPS over its gas-powered vehicle plans
US oil companies need to hire thousands of workers
     but employers have beaten them to the punch
Airbnb will let its employees live and work anywhere
     Headquartered in San Francisco, California
New California program could help
    first-time home buyers
The new 'Star Trek' series couldn't come
    at a better time

You May have Missed---
The Rise of Alternate Credentials in Hiring
A Way to Enhance and Demonstrate Skills

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

Sports Brief----
 California Nuts Brief---
   "Gimme that wine"
    This Day in History
      Daily Puzzle
        Weather, USA or specific area
         Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.





CLFP Foundation Adds 14 New CLFPs
  from Private Hosting by DLL

The CLFP designation identifies an individual as a knowledgeable professional to employers, clients, customers, and peers in the commercial equipment finance industry. There are Certified Lease & Finance Professionals and Associates located throughout the United States (including Puerto Rico), Canada, India, Africa, and Australia.

The Academy for Lease and Finance Professionals (ALFP) is a three-day event designed to fully prepare an individual to sit for the CLFP exam assuming the attendee has already self-studied. A trend has begun in having virtual online sessions.

During the first two days, all of the required sections of the CLFP exam are covered in-depth. On the third day, the exam is offered but is not mandatory and may be taken on another day.

Students are strongly advised to have read and studied The Certified Lease & Finance Professionals' Handbook prior to attending the class in order to ensure success.

The Private Hosting by DLL April 12 to April 13 added 14 CLFPs after for Lease & Finance Professionals (ALFP) in April. Upon completion of the class, the following individuals successfully passed the 8-hour online proctored exam.  They are:


Teuni Breg, CLFP

Head of Risk, DLL

Amy Cunningham, CLFP

Operations Project Manager, DLL

Stephanie DeBoer, CLFP

Sr. Account Executive, DLL

Michael Gregan, CLFP

COO, Head of Operations – DSM Region, DLL

Justin Hayes, CLFP

Middle Market Manager, DLL

Ryan Hunt, CLFP

Financial Solutions Manager, DLL

Elizabeth Johns, CLFP

Customer Engagement Hub Manager, DLL

Patrick McKeever, CLFP

Product Owner, Sales & Service, DLL

Zeb Ollendick, CLFP

Sr. Account Executive, DLL

Gregory Pfeffinger, CLFP

Financial Solutions Manager, DLL

Greg Rupp, CLFP

Director of Sales, DLL

Kassidy Small, CLFP

Director, Litigation & Recovery, DLL

Jeffrey Truitt, CLFP

District Sales Manager, DLL

Marc Venere, CLFP

Operations Manager, DLL

Patrick McKeever, CLFP, Product Owner, Sales & Service, DLL
stated, “The CLFP training course has a tremendous reputation in my organization for growing our members’ knowledge base of best industry practices and developing a strong workforce of certified professionals.  The title of CLFP is a respected and sought-after designation.”

Jeffrey Truitt, CLFP, District Sales Manager, added, “After 29 years in the leasing and finance business, I felt compelled to challenge myself and demonstrate my commitment to the industry. It is always important to expand your knowledge base and focus in your area of specialization.  I remain dedicated to the leasing and finance industry and CLFP allowed me to enhance my level of expertise and credibility.   I am truly honored to be part of this organization.”

For further information, please contact Reid Raykovich, CLFP, Chief Executive Officer, or visit:

New CLFP "Frequently Asked Question" Guide:


Academy for Certified Lease & Finance Professionals
Updated - May, June, August, October

The Academy for Lease and Finance Professionals (ALFP) is a three-day event designed to fully prepare an individual to sit for the CLFP exam assuming the attendee has already self-studied. A trend has begun in having virtual online sessions.

During the first two days, all of the required sections of the CLFP exam are covered in-depth. On the third day, the exam is offered but is not mandatory and may be taken on another day.

Students are strongly advised to have read and studied The Certified Lease & Finance Professionals' Handbook prior to attending the class in order to ensure success.

May 2 - May 5Private

AP Equipment Finance - Virtual
June 8 - June 10

North Mill Equipment Finance Host Online Public ALFP
June 15 -17
North Mill Invites Attendance Open

U.S. Bank Host Online Public ALFP
August 1 - August 3
Public Invited

Great American Insurance Host – In Person
August 18 - 19
Public ALFP

Stryker Host Private ALFP
August 22 - August 23

The National Huntington Bank Private
October 12 – 14

Professional Handbook for Taking the Test in 2022
Eighth Edition:
(Note: for taking test in 2023 Ninth Edition, available.)

About Academy

If you are interested in attending, please contact Reid Raykovich, Executive Director:


Help Wanted Ads


Sales Talent Crisis is Here Now
By Steve Chriest

Funders, Lessors, Super Brokers are beginning to realize that the pool of experienced leasing sales professionals and executives is disappearing.  It is not just the Pandemic that made them retire,
it is age catching up to the Baby Boomers and others who realize
there are other things in life than working as hard as they have been. As they are leaving the work force or just plain completely retiring, the finance and banking executives are retiring now, close to retiring, or looking for plans to not work as hard as they have been.

Right now we are seeing many corporate and government key management retire, but some go back to work for the same company or competitor as an "independent contractor." They keep their pension, but make about the same salary, sometimes higher as is happening in all industries from the court system, telephone company, utilities, or leave a bank for a corporate consulting job.

As sales managers see the average age of their sales teams rising, the time is quickly approaching when they must step up efforts to recruit, train and retain sales professionals to replace not only retiring Baby Boomers, but younger team members who opt to ply their sales talents in other industries. For many companies, both large and small, mistakes in recruiting talent, and failure to retain talent, may impact their survival as competition for sales professionals heats up.

The dwindling supply of talent should be accompanied by increased costs of recruiting and retaining salespeople. The impact of these increased costs will be exacerbated by the consequences of bad hires. Smart management teams are already making plans to stop hiring and investing in poor performers. Identifying, hiring and retaining productive salespeople are fast becoming a top priority for leading edge companies in all industries.

Too many companies make the mistake of chasing superstars when they recruit sales talent. The problem with this approach, frankly, is that there aren't enough superstars to go around, and there will be fewer to choose from in the future. One of the keys to success is to concentrate on not hiring, promoting or training sub-par performers who don't have real potential for growth and improvement.

Sales team turnover, for many reasons, is unavoidable. Some turnover, at least in small amounts, is healthy for most companies. Fresh talent keeps the organization vital, as newcomers often bring new ideas and experiences that can benefit the business. But too much turnover is costly. For example, the turnover costs ranges from $75,000 to $90,000, while the total turnover costs for top sales producers can easily exceed $300,000!

Unless there is an unexpected explosion in the U.S. population, and a significant number of the new citizens turn out to be “born salespeople,” a talent crisis looms in the not too distant future for all U.S. companies, especially with rate increases as well as states rewriting commercial finance registration and rules of disclosing
all the terms and APR rates, especially on smaller transactions.

About the author: Steve Chriest is the founder of Selling UpTM (, a sales consulting firm specializing in sales improvement for organizations of all types and sizes in a variety of industries. He is also the author of Selling the E-Suite, The Proven System for Reaching and Selling Senior Executives and Five Minute Financial Analyst, Basic CREDIT & Analysis Tools for Non-Accountants. He was the CEO of a very successful leasing company and executive at a major company. You can reach Steve at


Changing Rates Means Time for a New Marketing Plan
Prepare to Enter New Markets

Look at what you are doing and reevaluate the future based on your company capabilities. Increased competition, higher rates, some bad luck, may shift your markets somewhat and to continue down the same path as last year’s objectives may be the wrong course of action. You need to reevaluate every three months to stay on top of the changing economy.

Some companies try to reinvent themselves and head into markets that they are convinced will provide great opportunities, only to find tough going and limited business. Therefore, besides just drawing up the plan, you need to investigate thoroughly any major change in markets or direction.

The plan is a chance to “think” about what you can accomplish and look for markets that your needs fit into. If your plan is just throwing darts at a phone book in today’s economic times, you better start telling your people to begin looking for work. Management has a responsibility to direct the marketing activities, not to just complain and try to drive people harder.

Use Google to find new commercial transactions. Definitely check out your local trade show facilities, attend the show and listen to the distributors to see what markets are holding their own and where to look for Lessees. Go to auctions and talk to both dealers and bidders who are there. Put sales flyers on car windows.

There are still lots of markets where equipment is being sold and leasing or financing is hard to come by. Make your capabilities known and do some homework before approaching new markets or territories.


Top Ten Leasing News Read by Readers
April 23 to April 27

(1)  The Nevada Law on Being Registered for Financing
  and Leasing Brings Up: Are You Licensed
    to Do Business at a Conference?
By Christopher Menkin

(2) New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
and Related Industries

(3) New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
and Related Industries

(4)  Why U-Haul trucks all have Arizona license plates

(5) 2020 Median House Income
Chart by State

(6) Top Ten Leasing News Read by Readers
April 18 to April 22

(7) Does 9 to 5 Still Work in 2022?
Actual and Preferred Degree Chart

(8) Leasing Software Companies

(9) Where Military Aid to Ukraine Comes From
In Billion U.S. Dollars

(10) How Do I Tell Them Politely – Not Interested?
Career Crossroads---By Emily Fitzpatrick/RII


Leasing Software Companies
Updated from Previous Posting

Alfa Systems Experian - scorex 
Aspket Ivory Consulting 
Better Programs  (Turbo-Lease) LeaseQuery
Capital Stream LTI Technology Solutions
Cassiopae NetSol Technologies, Inc.
Constellation Financing Systems Inc. Odessa Technologies, Inc.
CSC TCI Preferred Business Solutions
CT Lien Solutions Shaw Systems
Cyence International  Systems for Financial Accntng
Dominion Leasing Software  Vision Commerce

Full Listing:


Apple became the first company to hit a market capitalization of $3 trillion last week, after its share price briefly climbed to $182.88 on Monday – enough to reach said milestone. Apple is the first company in the world ever to reach a market cap of $3 trillion after becoming the second to reach $2 trillion in August 2020. Saudi Arabian oil and gas giant Saudi Aramco had made the first ascent to $2 trillion in December 2019.

Despite the challenges posed by the coronavirus pandemic, Apple’s share price climbed by 34 percent in 2021, following an astonishing 81-percent surge in 2020. The entire tech industry has proven relatively immune to the negative impact of the COVID-19 crisis, as lockdowns and physical distancing have made technology even more central to many people’s lives.

By Felix Richter, Statista


Mixed Breed
Santa Monica, California Adopt-a-Dog


3 Years old
65 lbs.

Meet Delilah! This sweet and social girl has quickly won over everyone’s hearts here at Paws For Life is ready for her forever home! Delilah is a staff favorite, not only because she is sweet as can be with all the trainers and staff, but also because she is a rock star in our daily playgroups! She loves to romp around the yard with her canine friends and does well at adjusting her play-style to all new dogs entering the yard. Delilah would love a home with or without a canine sibling to spend her days with! While she loves to spend part of the day playing with her friends, she is always down for some relaxing time with her people.

 If you are looking for a dog that is going to get out and be active with you and follow it up with a nice snooze at home, look no further! Delilah is eligible for 6-weeks free training in our Prison Training Program once adopted.

If you are looking for a well-balanced, mild mannered, sweet and social girl, apply to adopt Delilah today!


Paws for Life


2022 Annual Conference Exhibitors

360 Equipment Finance
4 Hour Funding  
AACFB Benefits   
American Capital Group
American Lease Insurance    
Amur Equipment Finance      
AvTech Capital LLC      
Balboa Capital    
Bankers Capital  
BankFinancial Equipment Finance  
Banleaco Equipment Finance 
Baystone Government Finance, KS StateBank  
Blue Bridge Financial LLC      
C.H. Brown Co. LLC
Channel Partners Capital      
CLFP Foundation 
Commercial Funding Partners LLC  
Corporate Freight Savers/Discounted Overnight Envelope Air Labels        
CreditBench Powered by BayFirst   
Dedicated Funding, LLC
East Harbor Financial   
Entegra Capital LLC     
Equipment Leasing Group of America LLC
Financial Pacific Leasing, Inc.
First Business Bank     
First Federal Leasing    
First Foundation Bank  
FirstLease, Inc.    2
Fountainhead Commercial Capital  
Gulf Coast Business Credit    
Lenders Access   
Mako Equipment Finance      
Marlin Capital Solutions
Maynards Equipment Finance
McKenzie Credit, Inc.   
Meridian Equipment Finance LLC    
National Business Capital      
Navitas Credit Corp.    
NCMIC/Professional Solutions
NewLane Finance
New York Life     
NFL Leasing       
North Mill Equipment Finance LLC  
North Star Leasing      
Orange Commercial Credit    
Paradigm Equipment Finance
Pawnee Leasing Corporation  413
Providence Equipment Finance, a Division of Providence Bank & Trust
Quality Leasing Co., Inc.      
ROK Financial     
SCJ Commercial Financial Services 
SLIM Capital LLC
The Monitor
TradeRiver USA, Inc.   
Universal Finance
VFI Corporate Finance 
YES Leasing       

Agenda at a Glance

Broker (Member) $425
Broker (Prospective Member) $475
Additional Broker $300
Funder/Associate (Member)   $775
Funder (Prospective Member)
[Includes 1 year of membership if approved]    $$1,675
Associate (Prospective Member)
[Includes 1 year of membership if approved] $1,400
Additional Funder/Associate   $500



News Briefs---

Sixteen states and environmental groups file lawsuits
    against USPS over its gas-powered vehicle plans

With prices topping $100 per barrel, US oil companies need to   
   hire thousands of workers — but employers like Amazon
and Target have reportedly beaten them to the punch

Airbnb will let its employees live and work anywhere
Headquartered in San Francisco, California

New California program could help
first-time home buyers

The new 'Star Trek' series couldn't come
at a better time


You May Have Missed---

The Rise of Alternate Credentials in Hiring
A Way to Enhance and Demonstrate Skills



Sports Briefs---

Warriors Rally after Green ejected, beat Grizzlies in Game 1
   117 - 116

SF Giants limit clubhouse access as
COVID-19 outbreak grows

49ers draft recap: Did they strengthen
Trey Lance’s supporting cast?

Pete Carroll, Seahawks 'happy with' quarterbacks
on roster after not adding to room during draft

2022 NFL Draft Grades for Every Team

NFL Draft 2022: Reviewing This Year's Biggest Steals,
Reaches and Surprises

Teams That Improved the Most Through the 2022 NFL Draft

Celtics faced a whole new challenge in the Bucks’
defense in Game 1 loss, and other observations


California Nuts Briefs---

Return of Hospice du Rhône

California Wine grape growers plan for uncertainties

Master Sommelier Larry Stone explains why
he sold Lingua Franca to Constellation Brands

AI Sommelier Generates Wine Reviews
without Ever Opening a Bottle

Placing a Bet on Italian Grapes in California
By Eric Asimov



"Gimme that wine"

Placing a Bet on Italian Grapes in California

Video: Patriots owner Robert Kraft visits Drew Bledsoe’s winery

15 Sonoma Wineries to Visit if You Love Zinfandel

A Wine-Lover’s Perfect Day Trip to Bodega Bay

“Gimme that Wine”

Free Wine App

Wine Prices by vintage


This Day in History

      1497 - John Cabot departed for North America.
    1611 - King James I had appointed a committee of learned men to produce a new translation of the Bible into English. This version, popularly called the King James Version, is known in England as the Authorized Version, and became the most popular in early America.
    1670 - King Charles II of England grants a permanent charter to the Hudson's Bay Company, made up of the group of French explorers who opened the lucrative North American fur trade to London merchants. The charter conferred on them not only a trading monopoly but also effective control over the vast region surrounding North America's Hudson Bay. Although contested by other English traders and the French in the region, the Hudson's Bay Company was highly successful in exploiting what would become eastern Canada. After Canada was granted dominion status in 1867, the company lost its monopoly on the fur trade, but it had diversified its business ventures and remained Canada's largest corporation through the 1920s. 
    1776 - France and Spain agreed to donate arms to American trying to free themselves from England.   
    1803 - That Land Grab in Louisiana was signed. During the early moments of the nineteenth century, the United States government wheeled and dealt its way into what is generally regarded as the "greatest land bargain" in the nation's history, the Louisiana Purchase. The deal, which was dated 30 April 1803, though it was in fact signed on 02 May, had been in the works since the spring of 1802. It was then that President Thomas Jefferson had learned of Spain's decision to quietly transfer Spanish Louisiana to the French; fearful of the strategic and commercial implications of the Spanish swap, Jefferson ordered Robert Livingston, the US minister in Paris, to broker a deal with the French either for a slice of land on the lower Mississippi or a "guarantee" of unmolested transport for US ships. Negotiations dragged on for months, but took a crucial turn when Spanish and US trade relations collapsed in the fall of 1802. With Spain now barring American merchant ships from transferring goods at the port in New Orleans, Jefferson set his sights on purchasing a far larger chunk of land. In early 1803, James Monroe headed to Paris to broker Jefferson's deal. With France teetering on the brink of war with Great Britain, and mindful not only of the fiscal repercussions of such a conflict, but of the possibility of a renewed US-English alliance, Napoléon's negotiators acceded to a deal to sell the whole of Louisiana. All told, the Louisiana Purchase cost the US $15 million: $11.25 million was earmarked for the land deal, while the remaining $3.75 million covered France's outstanding debts to America. Thus, for the prime price of 5 cents a hectare, the United States bought 2,145,000 square kilometers of land, which effectively doubled the size of the young nation.
   1837 - Birthday of our Sue Robert's relative, Henry M. Robert (d. 1923), Robertville, SC.  A General in the US Army, he authored “Robert's Rules of Order,” today the standard parliamentary guide. 

    1843 - Elijah McCoy (d. 1929) was born in Colchester, Ontario. His parents escaped slavery in Kentucky by traveling along the Underground Railroad. This famous African-American inventor is credited with over 50 patents and his lubricating oil and systems were quite famous in its day. His most famous was the McCoy Lubricator. McCoy invented a device to oil the machinery while it was working. It was soon used on engines, train locomotives, on Great Lake steamships, on ocean liners and on machinery in factories. His invention became so popular that no engine or machine was considered complete until it had a McCoy Lubricator. The phrase "The Real McCoy" soon caught on as a way of saying that people were getting the best equipment available.
    1853 - Franconi’s Hippodrome opened at Broadway and 23rd Street in New York City. The 4,000-seat facility opened in grand style for a hippodrome (an arena for a circus or games) with a chariot-and-ostrich race. It was popular for five years.
    1861 - General Winfield Scott wrote to President Lincoln suggesting a cordon capable of enveloping the seceded states and noted that "the transportation of men and all supplies by water is about a fifth of the land cost, besides the immense saving of time." On the next day, Scott elaborated further to General George McClellan: "We rely greatly on the sure operation of a complete blockade of the Atlantic and Gulf ports soon to commence. In connection with such blockade, we propose a powerful movement down the Mississippi to the ocean, with a cordon of posts at proper points . . . the object being to clear out and keep open this great line of communication in connection with the strict blockade of the seaboard, so as to envelop the insurgent States and bring them to terms with less bloodshed than by any other plan." The heart of the celebrated Anaconda Plan which would strangle the Confederacy on all sides was control of the sea and inland waterways by the Union Navy; the strategy of victory was (a) strengthen the blockade, (b) split the Confederacy along the line of the Mississippi River, and (c) support land operations by amphibious assault, gunfire and transport.
    1863 - General Stonewall Jackson, leading a large part of Gen. Lee’s army, delivered a devastating blow on Gen. Hooker’s right flank. Reconnoitering with his staff at day’s end, Jackson and his group were mistaken for Union soldiers and fired on by their own forces. Jackson’s shattered left arm had to be amputated. While he was hospitalized pneumonia set in; his death came on May 10.
    1865 – Mere weeks after the death of President Abraham Lincoln at the hand of John Wilkes Booth, President Andrew Johnson offered a $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis
   1876 - Ross Barnes of the Chicago White Stockings became the first baseball player in the National League to hit a home run.  Quickly thereafter, Charles Wesley “Baby” Jones of the Cincinnati Reds also connected at Cincinnati, OH. Chicago won 15-9.     
   1885 - Good Housekeeping magazine makes its debut, becoming one of the most popular magazine for decades, setting many styles and standards for its day. It is still popular today.
    1887 – Birthday of Baseball Hall of Famer Eddie Collins (d. 1951), Millerton, NY.  He hit .333 over a quarter century in the Majors and was a member of four World Series champions but never won a batting title and was often overshadowed by Ty Cobb during the course of career.  While still attending Columbia University, where he was a star baseball player and quarterback on the football team, Collins made his major league debut in 1906 with the Philadelphia Athletics, the youngest player in the Majors at the time.  He was the second baseman of the Chicago White Sox in 1919 and he reported suspicions of wrongdoing late in the 1920 season to owner Charles Comiskey, who dismissed them. He did, however, serve as a witness for the prosecution when the players went on trial the following year.
    1890 – The Oklahoma Territory was organized. The 1890 Oklahoma Organic Act organized the western half of Indian Territory and a strip of country known as No Man’s Land into Oklahoma Territory. Reservations in the new territory were then opened to settlement in land runs later that year and in 1891 and 1893. Oklahoma remained a territory until Congress recognized statehood on November 16, 1907.
    1895 – Broadway lyricist Lorenz Hart (d. 1943) was born in Harlem, NYC. He was the lyricist half of the Broadway songwriting team, Rodgers and Hart. Some of his more famous lyrics include “Blue Moon,” “Mountain Greenery,” “The Lady Is a Tramp, “ “Manhattan,” “Where or When, “Bewitched, Bothered, and Bewildered,” “Falling in Love with Love,” “My Funny Valentine,” “I Could Write a Book,” “This Can’t Be Love,” “With a Song in My Heart,” “It Never Entered My Mind,” and “Isn’t It Romantic?”
    1899 - A storm buried Havre, MT, under 24.8 inches of snow, an all-time record for that location. The water equivalent of 2.48 inches was a record 24-hour total for the month of May. 
    1903 - Birthday of Benjamin Spock (d. 1998), pediatrician and author, at New Haven, CT. His book on childrearing, “Common Sense Book of Baby and Child Care,” later called “Baby and Child Care,” has sold more than 30 million copies. In 1955, he became professor of child development at Western Reserve University at Cleveland, OH. He resigned from this position in 1967 to devote his time to the pacifist movement.,1781,,00.html
    1904 – Singer, actor and entrepreneur Bing Crosby was born Harry Lillis Crosby, Jr. (d. 1977) in Tacoma, Washington. He sang with dance bands from 1925 to 1930, and in 1931, began work in radio and films. Crosby gained enormous popularity for his crooning style, which was ideally suited to the new radio medium. His recording of "White Christmas" is the world's best-selling single with estimated sales in excess of 100 million copies worldwide while other versions of the song have sold over 50 million copies. In 1944, he won an Academy Award for his performance in the film "Going My Way." His other notable films included "The Country Girl" in 1955, "High Society" in '56 and the remake of "Stagecoach" in 1965. In 1963, Crosby received the first Grammy Global Achievement Award. He is one of 33 people to have three stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, in the categories of motion pictures, radio, and audio recording.  Crosby influenced the development of the postwar recording industry. After seeing a demonstration of an early Ampex reel-to-reel tape recorder, he placed a large order for their equipment and convinced ABC to allow him to tape his shows. He also invested heavily in Ampex.  He became the first performer to pre-record his radio shows and master his commercial recordings onto magnetic tape. Through the medium of recording, he constructed his radio programs with the same directorial tools and craftsmanship (editing, retaking, rehearsal, time shifting) used in motion picture production, a practice that became an industry standard. In addition to his work with early audio tape recording, he helped to finance the development of videotape, bought television stations, bred racehorses, and co-owned the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball team.  Bing Crosby had a lifelong love affair with the game of golf. Crosby was accomplished at the sport, with a two handicap. He competed in both the British and US Amateur championships, was a five-time club champion at Lakeside Golf Club in Hollywood. In 1937, Crosby hosted the first 'Crosby Clambake' as it was popularly known, at Rancho Santa Fe Golf Club in California, the event's location prior to World War II. After the war, the event resumed play in 1947 on golf courses in Pebble Beach, where it has been played ever since. Now the AT&T Pebble Beach Pro-Am, it has been a leading event in the world of professional golf. In 1977, he collapsed and died after completing a round on a golf course in Spain.  In his time, there was no one more famous in the entertainment industry.
    1905 - Birthday of Charlotte Armstrong (d. 1969), Vulcan, MI.  U.S. author and playwright. Her science fantasy books regarding dragons have made her one of the most popular authors in the nation.
    1906 - Birthday of Aileen Riggin Soule (d. 2002), Newport, RI.  U.S. athlete. She won three Olympic medals and was the first competitor to win a medal in both the swimming and diving events in the same Olympics. Only 14 at the 1920 Olympics in Antwerp, Belgium, she was the first woman to win the gold in springboard diving. In 1924, she won a silver in springboard and a bronze in the 100-metre backstroke. She stood 4'7" tall and weighed 65 pounds.
    1908 - Birthday of “Pinky Lee,” born Pincus Leff (d. 1993), at St. Paul, MN. When young, Leff had dreams of becoming an attorney, but abandoned the idea when classmates laughed at his lisp. His show business debut was in burlesque in the 1930s. He is best remembered for "The Pinky Lee Show" which telecast from Los Angeles in the early 1950s.
    1909 – Honus Wagner stole his way around the bases in the 1st inning of a game against the Cubs. It is the fourth time he steals second base, third and home in the same inning, a National League record. The record holder in the AL is Ty Cobb, who will pull the trick four times between 1909-1924. No player in Major League history has ever accomplished this feat in each league, and only two more have accomplished the feat twice during their careers: Max Carey (NL) and Jackie Tavener (AL).
    1917 - At Wrigley Field, Fred Toney of the Reds and Hippo Vaughn of the Cubs pitched a double no-hitter for nine innings, but the Reds won, 1 - 0, on two hits in the top of the 10th. Jim Thorpe – yes, THAT Jim Thorpe - drove in the winning run and Toney retired three Cubs in the bottom half of the inning, completing the fourth ten-inning no-hitter to date.
 1918 – General Motors acquired Chevrolet Motor Car Company of Delaware.  Louis Chevrolet and ousted General Motors founder Will Durant started the company on November 3, 1911. Durant used the Chevrolet Motor Car Company to acquire a controlling stake in General Motors with a reverse merger and propelled himself back to the GM presidency. After Durant's second ousting in 1919, Alfred Sloan, with his maxim "a car for every purse and purpose," would pick the Chevrolet brand to become the volume leader in the General Motors family, selling mainstream vehicles to compete with Ford’s Model T in 1919 and overtaking Ford as the best-selling car in the United States by 1929. 
    1920 - A swarm of tornadoes in Rogers, Mayes and Cherokee Counties in Oklahoma killed 64 persons. 
    1923 - The first transcontinental nonstop airplane flight was made by Lieutenants Oakley G. Kelly and John A. Macready of the Navy Air Service. They took off from Roosevelt Field, NY at 11:36pm and arrived at Rockwell Field, Coronado Beach, CA, at 12:26pm the next day, covering a distance of 2,700 miles in 26 hours.   
    1924 - Birthday of singer/actor Theodore Bikel (d. 2015), Vienna, Austria
    1925 - San Francisco Embarcadero subway opened
    1929 - Virginia's worst tornado disaster occurred. Six tornadoes, two of which were west of the Blue Ridge Mountains, killed 22 people. Twelve children and a teacher were killed at Rye Cove, in Scott County. Four schools were destroyed.
    1930 – The first game of National Negro Baseball League was played in Indianapolis.  Led by Rube Foster, owner and manager of the Chicago American Giants, the NNL was established on February 13, 1920 by a coalition of team owners at a meeting in a Kansas City YMCA.  The new league was the first African-American baseball circuit to achieve stability and last more than one season. At first the league operated mainly in midwestern cities, ranging from Kansas City in the west to Pittsburgh in the east; in 1924 it expanded into the south, adding franchises in Birmingham and Memphis.
    1930 - In Des Moines, Iowa, a Western League contest against Wichita becomes the first night baseball game to be played under permanent lights. The unique event, which draws 12,000 fans instead of the usual 600 patrons, is the beginning of a concept which will spread quickly through the minors and spare many organizations from the onslaught of the Great Depression.
    1931 - Jazz organist Richard “Groove” Holmes (d. 1991), born Camden, NJ.
(Warren Luening and I along with Chris Morgan and/or Dave Silverman
saw Richard “Groove” Holmes in person on the Hollywood Strip, plus
Mose Allison, Cannonball Adderley, and others in the early 60’s.)
    1932 – Jack Benny’s radio program aired for the first time.  With Canada Dry ginger ale as a sponsor, Benny came to radio on “The Canada Dry Program,” on the NBC Blue Network and continuing for six months until October 26, moving to CBS on October 30. With Ted Weems leading the band, Benny stayed on CBS until January 26, 1933.
    1935 – Frederick Lincoln “Link” Wray, Jr., (d. 2005), one of the more influential rock guitarists of the 1950's, was born in Fort Bragg, North Carolina. Wray introduced the distorted fuzz-tone guitar sound on his single "Rumble," which by 1958 had sold a million copies. It is said to have been recorded as early as 1954. Link Wray's playing was a tremendous influence on such British rock stars as Jeff Beck, Pete Townshend and John Lennon
    1938 - Ella Fitzgerald, with Chick Webb’s band, records “A Tisket A Tasket,” (Decca)
    1939 - New York Yankees first baseman Lou Gehrig asked manager Joe McCarthy to take him out of the lineup for the game against the Detroit Tigers. By sitting out, Gehrig’s record streak of consecutive games played, begun May 25, 1925, stopped at 2,130. The slugger complained of fatigue, but he was really suffering from A.L.S., amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, a condition still known as Lou Gehrig’s disease. Gehrig never played again.
    1945 - BUSH, ROBERT EUGENE, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Hospital Apprentice First Class, U.S. Naval Reserve, serving as Medical Corpsman with a rifle company, 2d Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Okinawa Jima, Ryukyu Islands, 2 May 1945. Entered service at: Washington. Born: 4 October 1926, Tacoma, Wash. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as Medical Corpsman with a rifle company, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Jima, Ryukyu Islands, 2 May 1945. Fearlessly braving the fury of artillery, mortar, and machinegun fire from strongly entrenched hostile positions, Bush constantly and unhesitatingly moved from 1 casualty to another to attend the wounded falling under the enemy's murderous barrages. As the attack passed over a ridge top, Bush was advancing to administer blood plasma to a marine officer lying wounded on the skyline when the Japanese launched a savage counterattack. In this perilously exposed position, he resolutely maintained the flow of life-giving plasma. With the bottle held high in 1 hand, Bush drew his pistol with the other and fired into the enemy's ranks until his ammunition was expended. Quickly seizing a discarded carbine, he trained his fire on the Japanese charging pointblank over the hill, accounting for 6 of the enemy despite his own serious wounds and the loss of 1 eye suffered during his desperate battle in defense of the helpless man. With the hostile force finally routed, he calmly disregarded his own critical condition to complete his mission, valiantly refusing medical treatment for himself until his officer patient had been evacuated, and collapsing only after attempting to walk to the battle aid station. His daring initiative, great personal valor, and heroic spirit of self-sacrifice in service of others reflect great credit upon Bush and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
    1945 - FOSTER, WILLIAM ADELBERT, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Born: 17 February 1915, Cleveland, Ohio. Accredited to: Ohio. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as a rifleman with the 3d Battalion, 1st Marines, 1st Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Okinawa Shima in the Ryukyu Chain 2 May 1945. Dug in with another marine on the point of the perimeter defense after waging a furious assault against a strongly fortified Japanese position, Pfc. Foster and his comrade engaged in a fierce hand grenade duel with infiltrating enemy soldiers. Suddenly an enemy grenade landed beyond reach in the foxhole. Instantly diving on the deadly missile, Pfc. Foster absorbed the exploding charge in his own body, thereby protecting the other marine from serious injury. Although mortally wounded as a result of his heroic action, he quickly rallied, handed his own remaining 2 grenades to his comrade and said, "Make them count." Stouthearted and indomitable, he had unhesitatingly relinquished his own chance of survival that his fellow marine might carry on the relentless fight against a fanatic enemy, and his dauntless determination, cool decision and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of certain death reflect the highest credit upon Pfc. Foster and upon the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life in the service of his country. 
    1946 – 1960's teen star Lesley Gore (d. 2015) was born in Brooklyn, New York; later moving with her family to Tenafly, New Jersey. She was only 16 when she signed with Mercury records and became a top star with such hits as "It's My Party" and "Judy's Turn to Cry." Until 1966, Lesley Gore was one of the most successful American teen singers. An attempt in the 1970's to establish herself as a singer geared to the adult market was not particularly successful, and she later turned to performing her hits at oldies concerts.
    1950 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "The Third Man Theme," Anton Karas.
    1950 - Lou Gramm, lead vocalist with Foreigner, was born Louis Andrew Grammatico in Rochester, New York. By the beginning of the 1980's, their hard rock music had gained them worldwide sales of more than 21- million records. Their 1977 debut album yielded three hit singles - "Feels like the First Time," "Cold as Ice" and "Long, Long Way from Home." Their subsequent million-sellers included "Hot-Blooded" and "Double Vision," both from 1978, "Waiting For a Girl Like You" from 1981 and 1984's "I Want to Know What Love Is." Gramm departed Foreigner in 1990 to continue a solo career that had begun several years earlier. He had had a top-five hit in 1987 with "Midnight Blue." 
    1953 - Dark Star defeated the heavily favored Native Dancer to win the Kentucky Derby. A $2 wager to win on this dark horse would have put $50 in your pocket as Dark Star was a 25-1 long shot. 
    1954 - Top Hits
“Wanted” - Perry Como
“Young at Heart” - Frank Sinatra
“Make Love to Me” - Jo Stafford
“Slowly” - Webb Pierce
    1954 - Stan Musial of the St. Louis Cardinals hit five home runs in a doubleheader against the New York Giants in St. Louis, setting a Major League record. The Cardinals won the first game, 10-6, but fell to the Giants in the nightcap, 9-7.  In a strange twist, one of the fans in attendance was a young boy named Nate Colbert. In 1972, Colbert tied Musial's record by hitting five home runs in a doubleheader.
    1956 - For the first time in Billboard history, five records appear in both the pop and R&B Top 10. They are: Elvis Presley's "Heartbreak Hotel," Carl Perkin's "Blue Suede Shoes," Little Richard's "Long Tall Sally," The Platters' "Magic Touch" and Frankie Lymon & the Teenagers' "Why Do Fools Fall in Love." Presley's & Perkins' hits are also in the country & western Top Ten at #1 & #2 respectively.
    1960 - Ben E. King ended his association with the Drifters by signing a solo contract with Atlantic Records. King was the lead on such Drifters' hits as "There Goes My Baby," "Save the Last Dance for Me" and "This Magic Moment." King's first hit on his own was "Spanish Harlem," produced by Phil Spector.
    1960 - Harry Belafonte presented his second Carnegie Hall concert in New York City.
    1962 - Top Hits
“Good Luck Charm” - Elvis Presley
“Soldier Boy” - The Shirelles
“Stranger on the Shore” - Mr. Acker Bilk
“Charlie’s Shoes” - Billy Walker
    1964 - Posting a 7-3 victory, the Twins become only the third team in Major League history to hit four consecutive home runs as Tony Oliva, Bob Allison, Jimmie Hall and Harmon Killebrew all go deep against A's pitchers Dan Pfister (3) and Vern Handrahan (1) in the top of the 11th inning at Kansas City's Municipal Stadium.
    1964 - "The Beatles' Second Album" reaches #1 on the Billboard LP chart in just its second week of release. It was the first album ever to make it to the top that quickly.
    1965 - Ed Sullivan breaks a vow he made the year before and books The Rolling Stones back on his long-running CBS variety show -- but not before keeping the band in the studio all day, in order to keep from inciting the fans. The bands perform four songs: "The Last Time," "Little Red Rooster," "Everybody Needs Somebody to Love," and the instrumental "2120 South Michigan Avenue."
    1966 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Monday, Monday," The Mamas & the Papas.  It was the group's only #1 hit and they won a Grammy Award for it for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal.
    1967 - WRIGHT, RAYMOND R., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Specialist Fourth Class, U.S. Army, Company A, 3d Battalion, 60th Infantry, 9th Infantry Division. Place and date: Ap Bac Zone, Republic of Vietnam, 2 May 1967. Entered service at: Moriah, N.Y. Born: 5 December 1945, Moriah, N.Y. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. While serving as a rifleman with Company A, Sp4c. Wright distinguished himself during a combat patrol in an area where an enemy ambush had occurred earlier. Sp4c. Wright's unit suddenly came under intense automatic weapons and small-arms fire from an enemy bunker system protected by numerous snipers in nearby trees. Despite the heavy enemy fire, Sp4c. Wright and another soldier leaped to the top of a dike to assault the position. Armed with a rifle and several grenades, he and his comrade exposed themselves to intense fire from the bunkers as they charged the nearest one. Sp4c. Wright raced to the bunker, threw in a grenade, killing its occupant. The 2 soldiers then ran through a hail of fire to the second bunker. While his comrade covered him with his machinegun, Sp4c. Wright charged the bunker and succeeded in killing its occupant with a grenade. A third bunker contained an automatic rifleman who had pinned down much of the friendly platoon. While his comrade again covered him with machinegun fire, Sp4c. Wright charged in and killed the enemy rifleman with a grenade. The 2 soldiers worked their way through the remaining bunkers, knocking out 4 of them. Throughout their furious assault, Sp4c. Wright and his comrade had been almost continuously exposed to intense sniper fire from the treeline as the enemy desperately sought to stop their attack. Overcoming stubborn resistance from the bunker system, the men advanced into the treeline forcing the snipers to retreat, giving immediate chase, and driving the enemy away from the friendly unit so that it advanced across the open area without further casualty. When his ammunition was exhausted, Sp4c. Wright returned to his unit to assist in the evacuation of the wounded. This 2-man assault had driven an enemy platoon from a well prepared position, accounted for numerous enemy casualties, and averted further friendly casualties. Sp4c. Wright's extraordinary heroism, courage, and indomitable fighting spirit saved the lives of many of his comrades and inflicted serious damage on the enemy. His acts were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army.
    1968 - BENAVIDEZ, ROY P., Medal of Honor
Rank and Organization: Master Sergeant, Detachment B-56, 5th Special Forces Group, Republic of Vietnam. Place and Date: West of Loc Ninh on 2 May 1968. Entered Service at: Houston, Texas June 1955. Date and Place of Birth: 5 August 1935, DeWitt County, Cuero, Texas. Master Sergeant (then Staff Sergeant) Roy P. Benavidez United States Army, who distinguished himself by a series of daring and extremely valorous actions on 2 May 1968 while assigned to Detachment B56, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces, Republic of Vietnam. On the morning of 2 May 1968, a 12-man Special Forces Reconnaissance Team was inserted by helicopters in a dense jungle area west of Loc Ninh, Vietnam to gather intelligence information about confirmed large-scale enemy activity. This area was controlled and routinely patrolled by the North Vietnamese Army. After a short period of time on the ground, the team met heavy enemy resistance, and requested emergency extraction. Three helicopters attempted extraction, but were unable to land due to intense enemy small arms and anti-aircraft fire. Sergeant Benavidez was at the Forward Operating Base in Loc Ninh monitoring the operation by radio when these helicopters returned to off-load wounded crewmembers and to assess aircraft damage. Sergeant Benavidez voluntarily boarded a returning aircraft to assist in another extraction attempt. Realizing that all the team members were either dead or wounded and unable to move to the pickup zone, he directed the aircraft to a nearby clearing where he jumped from the hovering helicopter, and ran approximately 75 meters under withering small arms fire to the crippled team. Prior to reaching the team's position he was wounded in his right leg, face, and head. Despite these painful injuries, he took charge, repositioning the team members and directing their fire to facilitate the landing of an extraction aircraft, and the loading of wounded and dead team members. He then threw smoke canisters to direct the aircraft to the team's position. Despite his severe wounds and under intense enemy fire, he carried and dragged half of the wounded team members to the awaiting aircraft. He then provided protective fire by running alongside the aircraft as it moved to pick up the remaining team members. As the enemy's fire intensified, he hurried to recover the body and classified documents on the dead team leader. When he reached the leader's body, Sergeant Benavidez was severely wounded by small arms fire in the abdomen and grenade fragments in his back. At nearly the same moment, the aircraft pilot was mortally wounded, and his helicopter crashed. Although in extremely critical condition due to his multiple wounds, Sergeant Benavidez secured the classified documents and made his way back to the wreckage, where he aided the wounded out of the overturned aircraft, and gathered the stunned survivors into a defensive perimeter. Under increasing enemy automatic weapons and grenade fire, he moved around the perimeter distributing water and ammunition to his weary men, reinstilling in them a will to live and fight. Facing a buildup of enemy opposition with a beleaguered team, Sergeant Benavidez mustered his strength, began calling in tactical air strikes and directed the fire from supporting gunships to suppress the enemy's fire and so permit another extraction attempt. He was wounded again in his thigh by small arms fire while administering first aid to a wounded team member just before another extraction helicopter was able to land. His indomitable spirit kept him going as he began to ferry his comrades to the craft. On his second trip with the wounded, he was clubbed from additional wounds to his head and arms before killing his adversary. He then continued under devastating fire to carry the wounded to the helicopter. Upon reaching the aircraft, he spotted and killed two enemy soldiers who were rushing the craft from an angle that prevented the aircraft door gunner from firing upon them. With little strength remaining, he made one last trip to the perimeter to ensure that all classified material had been collected or destroyed, and to bring in the remaining wounded. Only then, in extremely serious condition from numerous wounds and loss of blood, did he allow himself to be pulled into the extraction aircraft. Sergeant Benavidez' gallant choice to join voluntarily his comrades who were in critical straits, to expose himself constantly to withering enemy fire, and his refusal to be stopped despite numerous severe wounds, saved the lives of at least eight men. His fearless personal leadership, tenacious devotion to duty, and extremely valorous actions in the face of overwhelming odds were in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service, and reflect the utmost credit on him and the United States Army.
    1968 - VARGAS, M. SANDO, JR., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Major (then Capt.), U.S. Marine Corps, Company G, 2d Battalion, 4th Marines, 9th Marine Amphibious Brigade. Place and date: Dai Do, Republic of Vietnam, 30 April to 2 May 1968. Entered service at: Winslow, Ariz. Born: 29 July 1940, Winslow, Ariz. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as commanding officer, Company G, in action against enemy forces from 30 April to 2 May 1968. On 1 May 1968, though suffering from wounds he had incurred while relocating his unit under heavy enemy fire the preceding day, Maj. Vargas combined Company G with two other companies and led his men in an attack on the fortified village of Dai Do. Exercising expert leadership, he maneuvered his marines across 700 meters of open rice paddy while under intense enemy mortar, rocket and artillery fire and obtained a foothold in 2 hedgerows on the enemy perimeter, only to have elements of his company become pinned down by the intense enemy fire. Leading his reserve platoon to the aid of his beleaguered men, Maj. Vargas inspired his men to renew their relentless advance, while destroying a number of enemy bunkers. Again wounded by grenade fragments, he refused aid as he moved about the hazardous area reorganizing his unit into a strong defense perimeter at the edge of the village. Shortly after the objective was secured the enemy commenced a series of counterattacks and probes which lasted throughout the night but were unsuccessful as the gallant defenders of Company G stood firm in their hard-won enclave. Reinforced the following morning, the marines launched a renewed assault through Dai Do on the village of Dinh To, to which the enemy retaliated with a massive counterattack resulting in hand-to-hand combat. Maj. Vargas remained in the open, encouraging and rendering assistance to his marines when he was hit for the third time in the 3-day battle. Observing his battalion commander sustain a serious wound, he disregarded his excruciating pain, crossed the fire-swept area and carried his commander to a covered position, then resumed supervising and encouraging his men while simultaneously assisting in organizing the battalion's perimeter defense. His gallant actions uphold the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service.
    1968 - Moby Grape appears at the San Francisco Fillmore Auditorium.

    1968 - LIVINGSTON, JAMES E., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, Company E, 2d Battalion, 4th Marines, 9th Marine Amphibious Brigade. place and date: Dai Do, Republic of Vietnam, 2 May 1968. Entered service at: McRae, Ga. Born: 12 January 1940, Towns, Telfair County, Ga. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving as Commanding Officer, Company E, in action against enemy forces. Company E launched a determined assault on the heavily fortified village of Dai Do, which had been seized by the enemy on the preceding evening isolating a marine company from the remainder of the battalion. Skillfully employing screening agents, Capt. Livingston maneuvered his men to assault positions across 500 meters of dangerous open rice paddy while under intense enemy fire. Ignoring hostile rounds impacting near him, he fearlessly led his men in a savage assault against enemy emplacements within the village. While adjusting supporting arms fire, Capt. Livingston moved to the points of heaviest resistance, shouting words of encouragement to his marines, directing their fire, and spurring the dwindling momentum of the attack on repeated occasions. Although twice painfully wounded by grenade fragments, he refused medical treatment and courageously led his men in the destruction of over 100 mutually supporting bunkers, driving the remaining enemy from their positions, and relieving the pressure on the stranded marine company. As the 2 companies consolidated positions and evacuated casualties, a third company passed through the friendly lines launching an assault on the adjacent village of Dinh To, only to be halted by a furious counterattack of an enemy battalion. Swiftly assessing the situation and disregarding the heavy volume of enemy fire, Capt. Livingston boldly maneuvered the remaining effective men of his company forward, joined forces with the heavily engaged marines, and halted the enemy's counterattack Wounded a third time and unable to walk, he steadfastly remained in the dangerously exposed area, deploying his men to more tenable positions and supervising the evacuation of casualties. Only when assured of the safety of his men did he allow himself to be evacuated. Capt. Livingston's gallant actions uphold the highest traditions of the Marine Corps and the U.S. Naval Service.
    1969 - Elvis Presley finishes filming on his 31st and final film, “Change of Habit.”
    1970 - Diane Crump of Oldsman, FL, became the first woman to ride in the Kentucky Derby, riding “Fathom” in the 1.25 96th Kentucky Derby, Churchill Downs, KY. In the 17-hourse race, she finished 15th.
    1970 - Top Hits
“ABC” - The Jackson 5
“American Woman/No Sugar Tonight” - The Guess Who
“Love or Let Me Be Lonely” - The Friends of Distinction
“My Woman My Woman, My Wife” - Marty Robbins
    1972 - In New York City, Bruce Springsteen auditions for Columbia Records A&R head John Hammond, who is so impressed he immediately arranges a set that night at the Gaslight Club for his fellow execs.
    1974 - Stevie Wonder wins four Grammy Awards: Pop Vocal Performance (Male), R&B Song (Male), R&B Vocal Performance (Male) and Album of the Year.
    1975 - The biggest snowstorm of record for so late in the season paralyzed Chicago, IL. Up to 20 inches of snow fell in extreme northeastern Illinois, and 10.9 inches of snow closed Chicago's O'Hare Airport.
    1976 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Welcome Back," John Sebastian. The song is the theme of the TV show "Welcome Back Kotter."
    1977 - More than three years after its release, Bruce Springsteen's "The Wild, the Innocent and the E Street Shuffle" goes gold. 
    1978 - The Bee Gees receive their second platinum single awarded in less than two months for "Night Fever." It was preceded by "Stayin' Alive," both cuts are off the soundtrack "Saturday Night Fever."
    1978 - Top Hits
“Night Fever” - Bee Gees
“If I Can’t Have You” - Yvonne Elliman
“Can’t Smile Without You” - Barry Manilow
“Every Time Two Fools Collide” - Kenny Rogers & Dottie West
    1981 - Scottish singer Sheena Easton made it to the top spot on the pop music charts for her first -- and only -- time. "Morning Train (Nine to Five)" knocked "Kiss on My List," by Daryl Hall and John Oates, out of the top of the music charts. "Morning Train" pulled into the top spot for a two-week stay. Easton had been an actress, appearing as a singer in the 1980 BBC TV documentary, "The Big Time," and this time she made it to the big time, winning the 1981 Best New Artist Grammy Award. On U.S. TV, she is remembered as Sonny Crockett’s wife in five episodes of "Miami Vice" in the 1980s and for singing the title song in the James Bond flick, "For Your Eyes Only." Easton scored 14 hits on the charts between 1981 and 1991. Seven of those hits made it to the top ten. "The Lover in Me" in 1988 was the closest she ever came to having another number one hit. It stopped climbing at number two.
    1982 - Severe thunderstorms spawned fifty-six tornadoes in the central U.S., including seventeen in the Red River Region of Texas and Oklahoma. The tornadoes claimed thirty lives, and injured 383 other persons. A violent tornado near Messer, OK left only the carpet tack strips on the slab of a house it destroyed, and carried a motel sign thirty miles.
    1985 - The General Motors X-Cars rolled off the assembly line in Detroit, MI for the final time. The cars were a dismal failure, despite being a hit in the beginning, as many claimed they were brought out too early and not “tested.” The X-Cars were subject to massive recalls which cost G.M. many millions of dollars.
    1986 - Top Hits
“Kiss” - Prince & The Revolution
“Addicted to Love” - Robert Palmer
“West End Girls” - Pet Shop Boys
“Now and Forever” (“You and Me”) - Anne Murray
    1986 - The photo essay, "A Day in the Life of America," began as two hundred photojournalists covered the USA to take 350,000 pictures. For publication of the beautiful coffee table book, only 350 pictures were selected. It is considered a collector’s item today.

    1987 - Eleven cities in Florida reported record low temperatures for the date, including Tallahassee with a reading of 31 degrees. The low of 48 degrees at Key West smashed their previous record for the date by 13 degrees.
    1988 - Pete Rose becomes the first manager to be suspended for an on-field incident as National League president Bart Giamatti issues a thirty day suspension for his shoving of umpire Dave Pallone.
    1988 - Top Hits
“Anything For You” - Gloria Estefan & Miami Sound Machine
“Shattered Dreams” - Johnny Hates Jazz
“Wishing Well” - Terence Trent D'Arby
“One More Try” - George Michael
    1990 - Fourteen cities in Florida, Georgia and South Carolina reported record high temperatures for the date as readings soared into the 90s. Tampa, FL reported a record high of 97 degrees, and Fort Stewart, GA was the hot spot in the nation with a reading of 100 degrees. 
    1990 - Thunderstorms produced severe weather in North Carolina and Virginia during the afternoon and evening. Thunderstorms produced golf ball size hail, and spawned a tornado near Chester, VA which caused half a million dollars damage. A storm system produced snow and gale force winds across northern Michigan, with 8.3 inches of snow reported at Marquette. Temperatures in the north central U.S. soared from morning lows in the 20s and 30s to afternoon highs in the 60s and 70s. Eight cities reported record highs for the date, including Havre, MT with a reading of 77 degrees.
    1990 - The Mormon Church says it is dropping some secret rituals that are viewed as offensive to women. It retains the requirement that a woman must be married and taken into heaven by her husband.
    1992 - Mayor Daley declares "Bessie Coleman Day,” 66 years after her death. Coleman's brief but intense life led from humble origins to triumphant days as the first African American woman to fly a plane. Tradition has it that her brother, returning from service in France during World War I, told her about the French women's freer lives that included careers. She was unable to find a flying instructor who would teach a black woman to fly so she learned French and moved to France "where race would not be an issue." She returned triumphantly to the U.S. to be featured in flying shows and circuses, widely written about all over the world as "Queen Bess." She felt blacks had to keep up with the times and learn to fly to succeed as a race. She had hoped to start a flying school but, at age 34, she failed to secure the new-fangled invention called the seat belt, and when he plane flipped almost a mile above the earth, she fell to her death. The former manicurist from "The Stroll" area of Chicago now has a street named after her.
    1993 - Top Hits
“Freak Me” - Silk 
“That’s The Way Love Goes” - Janet Jackson
“Informer” - Snow 
“Love Is” (From "Beverly Hills, 90210") - Vanessa Williams/Brian McKnight
“I Have Nothing” (From "The Bodyguard") - Whitney Houston
    1998 - Top Hits
“Too Close” - Next 
“My Al” - Mariah Carey
“You’re Still The One” - Shania Twain 
“Everybody” [“Backstreet’s Back”] - Backstreet Boys 
    2001 - One hundred million copies of J. K. Rowling's four Harry Potter children's books have been sold since the first one in 1995, including translations into 42 languages, her agent announces. The best-selling books of all time are “The Bible” with an estimated 6 billion copies sold, followed by “Quotations from the Works of Mao Tse-Tung” (the "Little Red Book") with approximate sales of 900 million.
    2003 - The MLB Players' Association agrees to a two-year experiment in which the winning league of the All-Star Game will have home-field advantage during the World Series. Other changes include roster increase by 2 to 32 players, a separate ballot of managers, coaches and players to be done during the week prior to the game to name the additional nine position players and eight pitchers for each team.  That experiment ended in 2016.
    2007 - 1,876 guitarists gather in Wroclaw, Poland, to set a new Guinness World Record by simultaneously performing "Hey Joe" by Jimi Hendrix.
    2011 – Osama Bin Laden, the suspected mastermind behind the September 11 attacks and the FBI’s most wanted man, was killed by the US Special Forces in Pakistan.
    2014 - Apple and Samsung achieved mixed victory in a patent suit settlement; Samsung will owe Apple about $120 million, and Apple will owe Samsung about $158,000; both parties were found to have infringed on each other's patents  

Stanley Cup Champions:
1967 - Toronto Maple Leafs



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