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Friday, October 23, 2020

Today's Leasing News Headlines

Colorado Fires, Smoke and Ash
    Report from Gary Souverein, President, Pawnee Leasing
New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
    and Related Industries
Leasing Industry Ads
    ---Help Wanted
US Adults Will Spend Over Three and a Half Hours
    Per Day on Mobile Apps in 2020
Has Trust in Science Become a Partisan Issue? 
    Pew Research Center
Beige Book, October 21, 2020 Report
    Federal Reserve System
This Graph Shows How Car Paint Colors
    Have Gotten More Boring Over the Years
First Western Equipment Finance
    Joins Funder List “A”
Advance Acceptance/All-Lines Leasing
    to become First Western Equipment Finance
Amur Equipment Finance closes securitization
    with expertise from Key
Halloween Movies, Part Two by Fernando Croce
   Murders in the Rue Morgue/Hour of the Wolf
     The Witches/Pulse/The Corpse Bridge
Terrier Mix
    Roseville, California  Adopt-a-Dog
News Briefs---
"U.S. equipment business equipment falls 13% in September"
     Equipment Leasing and Finance Association Reports
Southwest posts largest loss ever/ COVID-19 hammers airlines
     blamed its $1.2 billion net loss for the July-to-September quarter
5 things to know about Illinois' COVID-19 vaccine plan
     a preview of what the vaccine rollout in Illinois will look like
Not just California: Colorado and other Western states
     suffering worst fires in modern history
Coke Dropping Half its Drink Brands
     200 Brands Account for only 1% of Profits
iPhone 12 vs. iPhone 12 Pro:
    Which Should You Buy?

You May have Missed-
Coronavirus: Bill Gates describes
    what we did wrong and how to do better

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

  Sports Brief----
   California Nuts Brief---
    "Gimme that Wine"
     This Day in History
       Daily Puzzle
         Weather, USA or specific area
          Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.




Colorado Fires, Smoke and Ash
Report from Gary Souverein, President, Pawnee Leasing

We had a VERY smoky night last night….and the sky today is the worst we’ve seen… it is dusk at noon…sky is almost black.   Most ash I’ve seen in such a short period falling too.   Fire is continuing but it is getting into areas that have less fuel so I suspect the worst is behind us…. (easy for me to say, I’m not a firefighter out there!).   Still generating a lot of smoke itself coupled with another growing fire (below).
The BIG surprise and really making the skies black today was the “blow up” of the East Troublesome Fire, that is just SW of the Cameron Peak fire.   It grew 100,000 acres yesterday and made +/-20 mile run.    Coincidentally, my brother and his wife live in Grand Lake and he was forced to evacuate late last night on very short notice and we know the fire had a significant impact on the neighborhood  in which he lived in.   They don’t know that status of his home but their home was in the burn area so it will be probably several days before they learn of its fate unfortunately.

Cameron Peak Fire

East Troublesome Fire

And we have a smaller Calwood fire outside Boulder that did significant property damage and continues….
Aren’t we all looking forward to 2021!?   Stay safe Kit and thanks for checking in.

Below in red show all the fires we have in northern Colorado….

Latest News:


New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
and Related Industries

Jerry Baker was promoted to CFO, Northland Capital Equipment Finance, St. Cloud, Minnesota.  He joined the firm October 1995, Asset-Liability Manager; promoted August, 2013, VP, Finance.  Education: St. Cloud State University, Bachelor's degree, Business Administration, Management and Operations.  Maple Lake High School (1976 - 1980).

Mike Baronio hired as Senior Counsel, Dext Capital, Lake Oswego, Oregon.

Ramon Chait was announced as Vice President, Vault Credit Corporation, Toronto, Canada. Previously, he was President, Equilease (September, 2017 - August, 2020). He joined Blue Chip Leasing Corporation  May, 2008 as Co-President and Vice President, Sales; March, 2016, Co-President.  Education: University of the Witwatersrand, Bachelor of Arts (B.A.). (1979 - 1984).

Thomas Goldsmith was hired as Vice President, Fulton Bank Equipment Finance, Baltimore, Maryland. Previously, he was Senior Vice President, National Sales Manager, Bridge Funding Group, Inc., a BankUnited Company (July, 2016 - August, 2020); National Sales Manager, Capital One Equipment Finance (July, 2013 - July, 2016); VP, Sales, SunTrust Equipment Leasing (January, 1998 - July, 2013). He joined Signet Leasing July, 1998, as Vice President/Credit & Portfolio Manager; promoted January, 1992, Vice President, Sales. Prior, he was at First Interstate Credit Alliance Corporation, starting July, 1984, Credit Analyst; promoted January, 1986, Branch Operations Manager. Education: University of Baltimore, MBA, business (1991 - 1994). Towson University, Business Administration and Management, General (1980 - 1984).

Kevin Gordon was hired as ISO Relations Manager, Milestone Capital Funding, Inc., Melville, New York.  Previously, he was ISO Relations Manager, Velocity Group, USA (August, 2017 - October, 2020); Sales and Leasing Consultant, Nemet Motors (July, 2013 - July, 2015); Senior Account Executive, In Crowd Equity (August, 2011 - June, 2013); Senior Loan Officer, Vanguard Funding (January, 2008 - June, 2011).  Education: Stratford University. Bachelor of Science. BS, Accounting and Finance. (2017 - 2019).

Stephanie Gutierrez hired as Contract Administrator, Dext Capital, Lake Oswego, Oregon.

James Jenkins was hired as National Account Executive, Crestmark Equipment Finance, Troy, Michigan. Previously, he was Senior Vice President, Director of Vendor and Head of Commercial Direct, BCI Capital. Prior, he was Senior Vice President, Element Financial Corporation; National Sales Manager, SunTrust Equipment Finance.   He has a Bachelor’s degree in Science with a concentration on Business and Marketing, Towson University.

Ken Ladochi was hired as Account Executive, Alliance Funding Group, Tustin, California. He is located in the Detroit Metropolitan Area. He joined Lease Corporation of America, March, 2008, as Account Executive; promoted January, 2011, Business Development Officer; promoted December, 2014, Vice President of Business Development. Prior, he was Account Executive, United Wholesale Mortgage (February 2004 – February 2008); Education: Macomb College, Associates, Applied Science (1993 – 1997). Made the Dean’s list every semester. Activities and Societies: Volleyball, Debate Team.

Michael Luke was announced as Territory Manager, Signature National Bank, New York, New York.  He is located in Greenwich, Connecticut. Previously, he was Vice President and Managing Director, Sterling National Bank (May, 2020 - September, 2020); Northeast Territory Manager and Executive Director, Chase Equipment Finance, JPMorgan Chase (July, 2011 - March, 2020); Vice-President, Northeast Region, Key Equipment Finance (January, 1997 - July, 2011); District Manager, US Leasing/USL Capital (1994 - 1997). Education: UC Santa Barbara, BA.  San Francisco State University, Lam Family College of Business. MBA, Finance & Marketing.

John Martella was hired as Business Development Officer for Arbore turn Commercial Finance, part of the Arboretum Group, LLC. Previously, he was President, LCA Finance, LLC, SVP Lease Corporation of America (February, 2009 - October, 2018); President, New World Equipment Funding (March, 2006 - March, 2009). (He also was Senior Vice President, Navitas Capital, a subsidiary of United Community Bank, May, 2018). Education: St. John's University. B.S. Business (1969 - 1973).

Larry Molenburg will expand his role as Senior Vice President of Business Development at TopMark Funding, Roseville, California, according to Evan Lang, Co-Founder and Managing Partner of TopMark, a funding partner for commercial vehicle dealers.  Molenburg is located in Haslet, Texas. He joined the company May, 2016, as Sr. Corporate Account Manager; promoted January, 2018, General Sales Manager; promoted December, 2018, Regional Sales Manager; promoted January, 2020, Senior VP of Business Development. Previously, he was Asset Remarketing Manger, Freedom Truck Finance (January, 2016 - April, 2016); Asset Manager, GO! Capital (March, 2015 - January, 2016); Manager, Jerry Durant Toyota (2007 - 2013); Security Forces, United States air Force (2002 - 2006).  Education: Aledo, Texas (1996 -2000).

Conrad Nilsen was hired as Financial Analyst, Dext Capital, Lake Oswego, Oregon.  Previously he was Senior Financial Analyst, Jump Start Finance (February, 2020 - October, 2020).  He joined Genesis Financial Solutions February, 2018, as Junior Financial Analyst; promoted February, 2019, Financial Analyst; Financial Crimes Analyst, U.S.  Bank (July, 2017 - January, 2018). At Gonzaga University, he was a Finance Intern at Johnson Air Products (2014 - 2015); Financial analytics Intern, Puppet (2016); Account Executive, Media & Advertising (2014 -20150; Senior Account Executive, Media & Advertising (2015 - 2017). Volunteer: Board of Trustees and Regents, Gonzaga University (July, 2015 - May, 2017); Habitat for Humanity International (October, 2013 - May, 2017). Education: Gonzaga University, Bachelor's, Finance, Entrepreneurship (2013 - 2017). Activities and Societies: Board of Regents, Residence Life, Alpha Kappa Psi. Student Publications. Community Service, University Ministry. Intramural Sports. DeSmet Hall, Coughlin Hall, Hogen Entrepreneurial Leadership Program.

Charles Schaper IV was hired as Finance Manager, Ascentium Capital, Kingwood, Texas.  He is located in the San Francisco Bay Area.  He continues with his private company, Technology Bin LLC (July, 2019 - Present).  Previously, he was Account Manager, Balboa Capital (June, 2018 - October, 2020); Sales Manager, Transfer Devices, Inc. (January, 2018 - May, 2019). Licenses: Wholesaler, California Department of Tax and Fee Administration. Issued July, 2019.  Education: Notre Dame de Namur University. Bachelor of Science, Business Administration and Management, General (2014 - 2019).

Tina Vang was promoted to Post Closing Team Lead, Sovereign Lending Group Incorporated, Costa Mesa, California. She joined the firm April, 2019, as Post Closer. Previously, she was Funder, Partners Capital Group (February, 2018 - March, 2019).  She joined CarFinance Capital, February, 2014, as Loan Servicing Specialist; promoted January, 2015, Junior Funder; promoted May, 2105, Funder.  Education: Savanna High School (2004 - 2008).

Joe Zeller was hired as Syndication Manager, Verdant Commercial Capital, Cincinnati, Ohio.  He is located in the Greater Chicago Area.  Previously, he was at ENGS Commercial Finance Company, starting October, 2016, as Senior Credit Analyst; appointed Credit Manager, September, 2019; Credit Syndicator, Connext Financial Ltd. (October, 2014 - October, 2016); C&I Special Account Analyst, BMO (June, 2012 - July, 2014); Business Credit Analyst, M&J Bank (March, 2007 - April, 2012);
Banker, JP Morgan Chase (November, 2005 - May, 2007). Education: Indiana University, Kelley School of business. BS, Marketing & Economics (2002 - 2005).  Indiana Wesleyan University.  Master of Business Administrating (M.B.A.), Finance & Accounting (2006 - 2008).


Leasing Industry Help Wanted


US Adults Will Spend Over Three and a Half Hours
Per Day on Mobile Apps in 2020

US adults will spend an average of 4 hours, 1 minute (4:01) on mobile internet per day in 2020, with 3:35 of that time spent on mobile apps. Mobile app time will be up by 25 minutes from 2019, well above the long-term growth trend, with the pandemic as the main driver for this increase.

We expect time spent with mobile apps to stay above pre-pandemic levels in 2021 as people continue to spend more time on mobile devices and within apps.


If there’s one thing the pandemic has brought to light, it’s the fact that scientific findings are no longer a currency on which everyone (or even most people) can agree on. While scientists should, by definition, be the most proven experts in their respective specialty, be it virology, epidemiology or any other field, choosing not to believe them has become a viable option in recent years.

President Trump, a self-declared science skeptic, added another chapter to this development on Sunday when he mockingly warned his supporters at a rally in Nevada that Democratic presidential nominee Joe Biden would “listen to the scientists” if elected, adding that “if I listened totally to the scientists, we would right now have a country that would be in a massive depression instead — we’re like a rocket ship.” Biden later replied by simply tweeting the word “yes” quoting an article headlined with Trump’s unusual attack. On Tuesday he tweeted that he couldn’t believe the need to say that “listening to scientists is not a bad thing,” even though President Trump and large parts of his supporters appear to think that way.

As the following chart shows, trust in scientists appears to have turned into a partisan issue in recent years and nowhere more so than in the United States. According to the Pew Research Center’s International Science Survey, 62 percent of left-leaning Americans have a lot of trust in scientists to do what’s right for the public versus just 20 percent of Americans leaning to the right. A similar disparity can be observed in Canada, Australia, the UK and Germany, albeit to a lesser extent. Overall, the report finds that “science and scientists are held in high esteem across global publics” with a median of 76 percent of respondents across participating countries placing at least some trust in scientists to do what’s best for the public.

By Felix Richter, Statista



Beige Book, October 21, 2020 Report
Federal Reserve System

Overall Economic Activity

Economic activity continued to increase across all Districts, with the pace of growth characterized as slight to modest in most Districts. Changes in activity varied greatly by sector. Manufacturing activity generally increased at a moderate pace. Residential housing markets continued to experience steady demand for new and existing homes, with activity constrained by low inventories. Banking contacts also cited increased demand for mortgages as the key driver of overall loan demand. Conversely, commercial real estate conditions continued to deteriorate in many Districts, with the exception being warehouse and industrial space where construction and leasing activity remained steady. Consumer spending growth remained positive, but some Districts reported a leveling off of retail sales and a slight uptick in tourism activity. Demand for autos remained steady, but low inventories have constrained sales to varying degrees. Reports on agriculture conditions were mixed, as some Districts are experiencing drought conditions. Districts characterized the outlooks of contacts as generally optimistic or positive, but with a considerable degree of uncertainty. Restaurateurs in many Districts expressed concern that cooler weather would slow sales, as they have relied on outdoor dining. Banking contacts in many Districts expressed concern that delinquency rates may rise in coming months, citing various reasons; however, delinquency rates have remained stable.

Summation Report/Plus Reports from the 12 Districts:




This Graph Shows How Car Paint Colors
Have Gotten More Boring Over the Years

click image to view larger
(Sent by Dale Davis, President, Endeavor Financial Services)

Not everything is black and white
—unless you're talking about today's car colors, apparently



First Western Equipment Finance
Joins Funder List “A”

In Business Since
Leasing Association
First Western Equipment Finance
a division of First Western Bank & Trust
Fred Kuhnen, General Manager
(952) 516-7337
United States

A -Accepts Broker Business | B -Requires Broker be Licensed
| C -Sub-Broker Program | D -"Private label Program" | E - Also "in house" salesmen

(Note: Related Press Release follows)

Funder List “A”


#### Press Release ##############################

Advance Acceptance/All-Lines Leasing
to become First Western Equipment Finance

Advance Acceptance and co-brand All-Lines Leasing rebrands their company name and image to better align with parent company First Western Bank & Trust

EDEN PRAIRIE, MINN.   Advance Acceptance, the equipment finance division of First Western Bank & Trust, has announced today the company will be known as First Western Equipment Finance effective immediately. This rebranding allows Advance Acceptance and its cleaning industry focused co-brand All-Lines Leasing to operate under one name and better align with its parent company First Western Bank & Trust.

Advance Acceptance was founded in 1972 as a national finance and lease company, and in 2002 became a division of First Western Bank & Trust of Minot, North Dakota. Now operating as First Western Equipment Finance, they will continue to provide bank rate financing across a variety of industries including automotive, agriculture, geospatial, cleaning and municipal.

Fred Kuhnen, General Manager of First Western Equipment Finance, commented, “Our new brand identity highlights our connection to a trusted community bank, First Western Bank & Trust. Doing business as First Western Equipment Finance, we will continue to provide attractive financing programs for vendors, distributors and our customers – all serviced by our dedicated team.”
As a result of the rebranding, there will be no disruption to service and the name change will have no effect on any existing finance agreements from Advance Acceptance or All-Lines Leasing.

First Western Equipment Finance’s website is located at and their social media pages can be found as listed:

@EquipmentFi on Twitter
First Western Equipment Finance on Facebook
First Western Equipment Finance on LinkedIn

##### Press Release ############################


##### Press Release ############################

Amur Equipment Finance closes securitization
with expertise from Key

When Amur Equipment Finance Inc. recently announced the closing of its eighth term securitization of $226.3 million, it represented another successful outcome aided by the expertise of Key.

The relationship started years ago

This relationship started in 2013 with a $50 million line of credit. Early on, Key was given co-manager roles in AmurEF’s first few asset backed securities (ABS) issuances. By 2017, as the company grew its originations platform, it tapped the ABS market more frequently and mandated Key as the sole lead arranger and underwriter in all its ABS issuances.

The AmurEF and Key relationship now has multiple touchpoints beyond the bank warehouse credit facility, including treasury management, derivative trades and ABS bond issuance.

Chris Kytzidis, managing director, Specialty Finance Lending, at Key remarked, “We have a long history with AmurEF. At one time, we were their only facility. Now, there are three.”

Andy Yuder, Managing Director and ABS Group Head, said, “KeyBanc Capital Markets (KBCM) has served as structuring agent and sole lead manager on Amur’s last four securitizations. AmurEF has awarded these mandates to KBCM as a result of the outstanding execution the KBCM ABS team has delivered to the company. This has been an excellent relationship, which we look forward to continuing well into the future.”

Strong platform attracts interest

AmurEF, based in Grand Island, Nebraska, stated in its announcement of the transaction that the notes, secured by small- and mid-ticket equipment loans and leases, represented a strong market response, especially given the uncertainty created by the COVID-19 pandemic.

Kalyan Makam, Executive Vice President for AmurEF, commented, “The overwhelming investor interest is a powerful affirmation of the performance and diversity of our originations, the quality of our portfolio, and the strength of our platform and business model,” said.

KBCM served as structuring agent, bookrunner and lead manager, with Siebert Williams Shank servicing as co-manager. DBRS Morningstar rated all classes of notes and Moody’s rated the Class A-1 through Class D notes.

“Key provides AmurEF with the warehouse product enabling the company to build the critical mass necessary for an efficient execution in the capital markets and expanding their investor base with each additional issuance.”

AmurEF is deeply committed to providing customized financial solutions to America’s small businesses, the company said. It has continued to provide financing to new and existing customers throughout the COVID-19 pandemic, and its market-leading customer service team has worked diligently to provide customers with the flexibility they need to navigate a challenging business environment. In addition, AmurEF became an SBA-licensed Paycheck Protection Program Lender to provide small businesses with needed liquidity to support their payrolls during this period.

Market responds during challenging time

In the leasing world, a lot of small businesses asked for deferments as a result of COVID-19, Kytzidis said, noting that AmurEF came to Key in March after the lockdown to ask for an increase to their credit facility, and Key provided it.

“This was a very difficult time for any issuer,” Kytzidis added. “AmurEF was successful in attracting investors to do the deal, which is in large part because of our KBCM team.”

"We are so grateful for our partnership with Key, which is exactly that – a partnership. We have always felt like our counterparts at Key have been invested in our success and have gone the extra mile to find solutions that work for our business. It’s always the people
that make a difference.”

### Press Release ############################


Special Halloween Edition, Part Two

In the second half of our seasonal frightfest, we offer another batch of choice Halloween pictures, ranging from the horrific to the delightful. So check in with Netflix and enjoy your own cinematic night of tricks and treats!

Murders in the Rue Morgue (Robert Florey, 1932): Often lost in the shuffle of early 1930s horror films, this adaptation of Edgar Allan Poe’s grisly tale packs a lot of perverse fascination in just over an hour of running time. Set in Paris in the mid-19th-century, it follows medical student Pierre Dupin (Leon Ames), who takes a break from his exams to visit the carnival with his fiancee, Camille (Sidney Fox). There they meet the strange Dr. Mirakle (Bela Lugosi), who runs a sideshow based on dubious evolutionary ideas that included the main attraction, “Erik the Ape Man.” When Mirakle sees Camille, he knows he’s found the perfect specimen for his depraved experiments. Combining French Grand Guignol with Germanic visuals, this is a daring vision that anticipates “King Kong” by a year.

Hour of the Wolf (Ingmar Bergman, 1968): A staple of art-house cinema, Swedish master Ingmar Bergman brought his anguished intensity to this disturbing portrait of artistic disintegration, the closest he ever came to making a full-blown horror film. Unfolding in an isolated island, it follows the mental breakdown of Johan Borg (Max von Sydow), a painter who’s moved there with his wife Alma (Liv Ullmann) in search of peace and inspiration. Instead, he finds himself surrounded by strange characters who may or may not be figments of his blocked imagination. Led by the Baron (Erland Josephson) in his castle, the cult torments Johan and pushes him to the edge of his sanity. Viscerally burrowing into the protagonist’s psyche, Bergman’s film is a marked influence on directors like David Lynch and Lars von Trier. With subtitles.

The Witches (Nicolas Roeg, 1990): Nicolas Roeg brings his usual audacious imagination to this wicked screen version of Roald Dahl’s story, the last film supervised by master puppeteer Jim Henson. While staying at a British hotel with his beloved grandmother Helga (Mai Zetterling), eight-year-old Luke (Jasen Fisher) becomes suspicious of strange women arriving for a convention. To his terror, he discovers that they are malevolent witches led by the Grand High Witch (Anjelica Huston). Planning to turn the world’s children into mice, they use a magical potion to turn Luke and a fellow boy, Bruno (Charlie Potter), into tiny rodents. With Helga by their side, they must stop the villains before it’s too late. Though perhaps too scary for small children, this is a perfect combination of Roeg’s and Dahl’s macabre senses of humor.

Pulse (Kiyoshi Kurosawa, 2001): Japanese horror is rich enough to deserve a column all of its own, but for now let’s just focus on one of its most accomplished achievements, namely this remarkably unsettling vision of technological shivers. Set in Tokyo, the story kicks off with the suicide of a college student (Kenji Mizuhashi) and follows with a pair of distinct but parallel tales focusing on how the Internet has become a literally haunted netherworld. In one, a young woman (Kumiko Aso) is plagued by spectral images and messages on her computer. In the other, a student (Haruhiko Kato) is drawn to websites where actual ghosts may dwell. Director Kiyoshi Kurosawa goes beyond easy scares to craft a snapshot of modern alienation, employing surreal imagery to portray a world edging toward a cyber-void. With subtitles.

The Corpse Bride (Tim Burton, 2005): The creative force behind the Halloween stop-motion favorite "The Nightmare Before Christmas," Tim Burton directed his own bit of animated magic with this inventive, delightfully unearthly story. Taking place during the Victorian 1800s, the plot follows the misadventures of timid Victor Van Dort (voiced by Johnny Depp), whose arranged marriage to Victoria (Emily Watson) is derailed by a ghostly turn of events. Suddenly, Victor finds himself in the underground realm of the dead, where he's engaged to the fetching and temperamental Corpse Bride (Helena Bonham Carter). Stuck between two brides in different worlds, what's an anxious groom to do? With richly dark visuals and a standout Danny Elfman score, Burton creates a beguiling love story in the most unlikely of settings.


Terrier Mix
Roseville, California  Adopt-a-Dog


ID: 45869669
1 Year, 6 months
Size: Small
Color: Tan/White
Declawed: no
Intake Date: 10/11/2020

Adoption by Appointment Steps:

  • Fill out a Companion Request Form.
  • Call during our normal business hours to schedule an appointment for you to meet your new potential pet! The best contact number is (916) 782-7722 or (530) 885-7387 ext. 0.
  • We ask that potential adopters bring no more than a maximum of two immediate family members to adoption appointment, preferably no children. There can be no exceptions.
  • At the time of your appointment, please call (916) 782-7722 ext. 0 to have your adoption counselor meet you at the front doors.
  • Appointments scheduled are to visit with the pet identified.

We will require every visitor over the age of two will be required to wear a face mask.

Placer SPCA Adoption & Education Center
200 Tahoe Avenue
Roseville, CA 95678
(916) 782-7722
(530) 885-7387
Press 0 for Customer Care
View complete directory

Location Hours
Tuesday-Sunday: 11 a.m. – 4 p.m.
Closed on Mondays and major holidays unless specifically noted


News Briefs---

"U.S. equipment business equipment falls 13% in September"
  Equipment Leasing and Finance Association Reports

Southwest posts largest loss ever/ COVID-19 hammers airlines
    blamed its $1.2 billion net loss for the July-to-September quarter

5 things to know about Illinois' COVID-19 vaccine plan
    a preview of what the vaccine rollout in Illinois will look like

Not just California: Colorado and other Western states
     suffering worst fires in modern history

Coke Dropping Half its Drink Brands
    200 Brands Account for only 1% of Profits

iPhone 12 vs. iPhone 12 Pro:
    Which Should You Buy?



You May Have Missed---

Coronavirus: Bill Gates describes
    what we did wrong and how to do better


Former 49ers star Dana Stubblefield sentenced
    to 15 years to life for rape conviction

NFL moves Raiders-Buccaneers game off Sunday Night
      Football due to coronavirus concerns

Seattle Seahawks-Arizona Cardinals’ game switched
      to Sunday Night Football

Raiders place four starting offensive linemen on reserve/COVID-19 list

J.J. Watt addresses trade speculation


California Nuts Briefs---

Coronavirus: California records deadliest day
    of October, cases rise in SF Bay Area



“Gimme that Wine”

Wine of the week: Sidebar, 2019 Russian River Valley,
    Sonoma County Sauvignon Blanc

Why Sonoma is the only Bay Area County stuck
     in the strictest reopening tier

The Unwritten Rules of Tasting Room Etiquette

Browne Family Vineyards Opens Its Doors in Tacoma


Free Wine App

Wine Prices by vintage


This Day in History

     1694 – British and American colonial forces failed to seize Quebec from the French.    
    1760 – The first Jewish prayer books in the US were printed.
    1761 - A hurricane struck southeastern New England. It was the most violent in thirty years. Thousands of trees blocked roads in Massachusetts and Rhode Island.
    1775 - Continental Congress approved a resolution barring blacks from army.
    1783 - Virginia emancipated slaves who fought for independence during the Revolutionary War.
    1813 - The Americans operating the Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon turn the post over to their rivals in the British North West Company, and for the next three decades, Britons dominate the fur trade of the Pacific Northwest. By the 1840s, the beaver population had dwindled, while American settlement in the area was on the rise. Unwilling to protect the Hudson Bay Company's claim to the region, the British agreed to accept American control of the territory below the 49th parallel in 1846 and ceded to the U.S. the territory encompassing the future states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. (See Real Facts/Snapple)
    1824 - John Stevens, age 76, designed and finished construction of the first steam locomotive to pull a train on a track. The locomotive could pull a 1,000-pound load at 12 miles per hour. It was operating on a circular track 220 feet in circumference on Steven's estate at Hoboken, New Jersey. It moved by means of a large gear wheel engaging a toothed rack placed on the ties between the rails. The wheels had no flanges, so to keep the train from running off the track, Stevens affixed little horizontal friction rollers on the underside chassis that pressed and rolled along the inner vertical face of the wooden beams used for rails. The 1830's saw the invention of the locomotive grow. The Baltimore and Ohio bid out for the building of the first engine, which was won by Phineas Davis of York, PA, who built the “York.”  In 1831, he built the first locomotive to burn coal. It was the first locomotive that had coupled wheels and a double instead of a single pair of drivers. It weighed 3.5 tons and attained velocity by gearing, using a spur wheel and pinion on one of the axles of the wheels. The only accident in which it was involved occurred on September 27, 1835, as the result of a defective track. The accident killed Phineas Davis, who was riding on the locomotive.
    1828 - Birthday of Turner Ashby (d. 1862) at Fauquier County, VA.  Confederate Brigadier General and Stonewall Jackson's cavalry commander during Valley Campaign of 1862, Ashby was killed in the Battle of Good's Farm at New Market, VA while fighting rear guard action during Jackson's withdrawal from the Valley. His brother is buried with him and was murdered by a Union patrol in 1861.
    1843 - "Indian Summer" was routed by cold and snow that brought sleighing from the Poconos to Vermont. A foot of snow blanketed Haverhill, NH and Newberry, VT and 18 to 24 inches were reported in some of the higher elevations. Snow stayed on the ground until the next spring. (22nd-23rd)
    1844 - A group who followed William Miller, whose day of reckoning did not happen the day before, began a new order and thus began the Seventh Day Adventist.
    1850 - The first National Women’s Rights convention began in Worcester, MA.  Combined both male and female leadership, and attracted a wide base of support including temperance advocates and abolitionists. Chief among the concerns discussed at the convention was the passage of laws that would give suffrage to women. Some 900 people showed up for the first session, men forming the majority, with several newspapers reporting over a thousand attendees by the afternoon of the first day, and more turned away outside.  Delegates came from eleven states, including one delegate from California – a state only a few weeks old.
    1861 – President Lincoln suspended the writ of habeas corpus in Washington, DC and Maryland for all military cases for the remainder of the Civil War.
    1869 - The New York Stock Exchange put memberships up for sale for the first time in its seventy-seven-year history.     
    1869 - Birthday of John William Heisman (d. 1936), football player, coach and administrator, at Cleveland, OH. Heisman played football at Brown and Pennsylvania, and began coaching at Oberlin. He moved to Akron, Oberlin again, Auburn, Clemson, Georgia Tech, Pennsylvania, Washington and Jefferson, and Rice. After his retirement, he became athletic director at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York. The club's annual award to the best college football player in the country was named in his honor posthumously.
    1871 - Birth of Edgar J. Goodspeed (d. 1962) at Quincy, IL.  American theologian and Greek N.T. scholar. He taught at the University of Chicago 1898-1937. In 1931, he co-authored with JMP Smith "The Bible: An American Translation," better known today as "Smith and Goodspeed."
    1885 - Formal opening of Bryn Mawr College, outside Philadelphia, the first college in the US to offer advanced degrees to women and one of the “Seven Sisters.”
    1891 - Birthday of blues pianist “Speckled Red” Rufus Perryman (d. 1973), Hampton, GA.
    1906 - Jonathan Latimer’s birthday in Chicago (d. 1983). American hard-boiled mystery writer, noted for his Bill Crane series, described as an "alcoholic private detective," but who represents more accurately the "screwball-comedy" school of the 1930s mystery fiction. Latimer wrote also screenplays, notably Dashiell Hammett's “The Glass Key.”
    1906 – The birthday of the first woman to swim the English Channel.  Gertrude Ederle (d. 2003) was born in NYC.  At age 19, she broke the previous world record to Dover, England from Cape Gris-nez, France in 14 hours, 31 minutes on August 31, 1926.  She broke many other world records during her career and won an Olympic Gold Medal in 1924.
    1910 - Blanche S. Scott became the first woman to make a public solo airplane flight in the United States.
    1915 - 25,000 women march in NYC, demanding right to vote.  The number of women marching was at least 25,000, though one spectator estimated 40,000 women marched five miles in a peaceful manner, all dressed in white, holding signs such as "“You trust us with the children; trust us with the vote."  The march ultimately failed and women in the state were not granted the right to vote until two years later in 1917. Nationally American women didn't receive the vote until the passing of the 19th Amendment in 1919.
    1915 - The first US championship horseshoe tourney was held in Kellerton, IA.
    1918 - DUNN, PARKER F., MEDAL of HONOR
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company A, 312th Infantry, 78th Division. Place and date: Near Grand-Pre, France, 23 October 1918. Entered service at: Albany, N.Y. Birth: Albany, N.Y. G.O. No.: 49, W.D., 1922. Citation: When his battalion commander found it necessary to send a message to a company in the attacking line and hesitated to order a runner to make the trip because of the extreme danger involved, Pfc. Dunn, a member of the intelligence section, volunteered for the mission. After advancing but a short distance across a field swept by artillery and machinegun fire, he was wounded, but continued on and fell wounded a second time. Still undaunted, he persistently attempted to carry out his mission until he was killed by a machinegun bullet before reaching the advance line.
    1920 – A Chicago grand jury indictment added former featherweight boxing champ Abe Atell and baseball players Hal Chase and Bill Burns as go-betweens in the 1919 World Series scandal. Black Sox Ed Cicotte, Joe Jackson, Lefty Williams and Happy Felsch signed confessions, which they will later recant.
    1921 – In their first game in the NFL, the Green Bay Packers beat Minneapolis, 7-6.
    1925 - Heeerrrrre's Johnnnnnny—Johnny Carson's (d. 2005) birthday, Corning, Iowa. Succeeding the second “Tonight” Show host, Jack Paar, in 1962, Carson became the king of late-night and hosted “The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson” for 30 years.  During that time, he became an icon, successfully defending threats from wannabe shows with Merv Griffin, Dick Cavett, Joey Bishop, John Davidson, Joan Rivers, and others.  The show was also the launching pad for the likes of Jerry Seinfeld, Jay Leno, David Letterman, Drew Carey, Roseanne, Jeff Foxworthy and others.
4531 Episodes
    1927 - Surrealist poet Philip Lamantia (d. 2005) was born in San Francisco.  Lamantia discovered Surrealism as a teenager. Immediately drawn to this movement, he began to write poetry and left California for New York to meet Andre Breton, who recognized his talent and began publishing his poems. Lamantia's work appeared in Breton's “VVV,” as well as Charles Henri Ford's “View” and other experimental journals. He married Nancy Peters, a surrealist poet and co-owner, with Lawrence Ferlinghetti, of City Lights Books publishers, which is still in business in North Beach, the original haven for “Beatniks.”
    1927 - Alto sax player Sonny Criss (d. 1977) birthday, Memphis.
    1929 - The Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged, starting the stock-market crash that began the Great Depression.
    1931 – Former senator and Baseball Hall of Famer Jim Bunning (d. 2017) was born in Southgate, KY.  He pitched a no-hitter in each league, including a perfect game against the Mets for the Phillies in 1964.  When he retired, he had the second-most strikeouts in MLB history behind Walter Johnson.   He was the Republican senator from Kentucky (1999-2011) and the Representative from the 4th district from 1987-99.
    1935 - Birthday of golfer Juan “Chi-Chi” Rodriquez, born Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.
    1935 – Mobster Dutch Schultz and several others were fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, NJ in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre.  Weakened by two tax evasion trials led by prosecutor Thomas Dewey, Schultz's rackets were also threatened by fellow mobster Lucky Luciano. In an attempt to avert his conviction, Schultz asked the Commission for permission to kill Dewey, which they refused. When Schultz disobeyed them and made an attempt to kill Dewey, the Commission ordered his murder.
    1939 - North of Murmansk, a German prize crew steers the US ship City of Flint into Kola Bay. The steamer was seized as contraband by a German cruiser. SS City of Flint, a freighter of the United States Merchant Marine, was the first American ship captured by the Germans…and this was more than two years prior to the US entry into World War II. Under the command of Captain Joseph H. Gainard, City of Flint first became involved in the war when she rescued 200 survivors of the torpedoed British passenger liner SS Athenia in early September, 1939. On October 9, City of Flint was carrying 4000 tons of lubricating oil from New York to Great Britain. Panzerschiff Deutschland seized her some 1200 miles out from New York, declaring her cargo to be contraband and the ship a prize of war. A German prize crew painted out all US insignia and hoisted the German ensign. To avoid the Royal Navy, the prize crew headed for Tromsø. The Norwegians, neutral at the time and disturbed by the sinking of the merchant SS Lotent W. Hassen, refused entry to the Germans. The prize crew then sailed for Murmansk, claiming havarie (the privilege of sanctuary for damage caused at sea), but the Russians also refused entry, stating that if the Germans claimed havarie, the American crew could not be prisoners of war. In the several weeks that elapsed, the United States ordered many US merchant ships to register with other countries to continue supporting the Allies without violating the US's nominal neutrality. The Royal Navy began closing on the captured ship. The prize crew then tried Norway again at the port of Haugesund. The Norwegian government again refused entry, describing the German crew as kidnappers. The approaching Royal Navy left the prize crew no choice, though; on November 3, they entered the harbor. The Norwegian Admiralty interned the German crew and, on November 6 returned City of Flint to Captain Gainard's command.
    1940 - Birthday of Pele, born Edson Arantes do Nascimento, famous soccer player, Tres Coracoes, Brazil. 3 winning teams [1958, 1962, 1970].
    1941 - The Lend Lease Act was passed by the US Senate, giving the president authority to send materiel to Europe and continue neutrality in the war.  A $50 billion program under which the United States supplied the UK and British Commonwealth, Free France, the Republic of China, and later the Soviet Union and other Allied nations with food, oil, and materiel between 1941 and August 1945. This included warships and warplanes, along with other weaponry, and ended in September, 1945.
    1941 - Walt Disney's classic animated film, “Dumbo,” was released to theaters. It was one of the shortest Disney full-length animations produced, at a running length of 64 minutes. Critics considered it the best of Disney's animations to date because of its heart, compassion, and skill. It was also one of the least expensive to make, costing about $950,000.
    1944 - In response to the Allied invasion of the Philippines at Leyte, the Japanese initiated "Sho-Go" (Operation Victory), an attempt to counter the Allies' next invasion by heavy air attacks. Four carriers were sent south from Japanese waters to lure the US aircraft carriers away from Leyte Gulf. At the same time, Japanese naval forces from Singapore were sent to Brunei Bay, spilt up into two groups and converged on Leyte Gulf from the north and southwest. The group in the north, under Vice Admiral Kurita Takeo, was to enter the Pacific through the San Bernardino Strait between the Philippine islands of Samar and Luzon. On Oct 23, in the largest naval battle in history, Kurita lost two of his heavy cruisers to US submarine attack, and one of Japan's greatest battleships, the Musashi, was sunk in an aerial attack the next day.  The southern group commanded by Vice Admiral Nishimura Teiji was detected on its way to the Surigao Strait and was practically annihilated by the US 7th Fleet, resulting in serious losses for the Japanese. 
    1944 - The 1st Battalion, 141st Infantry, 36th Infantry Division (TX), soon known as the "Lost Battalion" was cut off on top of a hill by German infantry and armored forces. After six days of stemming repeated enemy attacks and suffering extremely high losses and with ammunition, food and water running out, the battalion was relieved by the other two battalions of the 141st along with the famed 442nd Regimental Combat Team made up of Japanese-Americans.
    1945 - Dodgers President Branch Rickey announced that Jackie Robinson has signed to play with Brooklyn's Triple A team in Montreal. The 26-year old Negro League star will be the first black player to play in organized baseball since 1884.
    1946 – The UN General Assembly met for the first time, in an auditorium in Flushing, Queens, NY.
    1947 - The NAACP petitions the United Nations about racial injustices, titled "An Appeal to the World," drafted by civil rights leader W.E.B. Du Bois, accusing the U.S. of human rights violations because of discrimination against African-Americans.    Eleanor Roosevelt, an active NAACP board member from 1945 to 1958, initiated the U.N.'s human rights protocol.  Four years later, the noted African-American singer and civil rights activist Paul Robeson, on behalf of the Civil Rights Congress, submitted a petition to the UN, “We Charge Genocide,” accusing the U.S. of genocide regarding African-Americans.
    1947 - The first Nobel Prize shared by an American husband and wife was the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine, awarded to Dr. Carl Ferdinand Cori and Dr. Gerty Theresa Cori of the Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, who discovered how sugar in the human system is converted into glycogen through an enzyme or biological catalyst called phosphorylase.
    1950 - Communist troops massacred 68 American POWs in the Sunchon tunnel. A 1st Cavalry Division force under the command of Brigadier General Frank A. Allen rescued 21 survivors.
    1951 - The NAACP pickets the New York Stork Club in support of Josephine Baker, who was refused admission a week ago. After a city- convened special committee calls Baker's charges unfounded, Thurgood Marshall calls the findings a "complete and shameless whitewash of the long-established and well-known discriminatory policies of the Stork Club."  Josephine Baker rummaged for coal behind Union Station and for food behind Soulard Market in St. Louis. At age 13, she was a waitress at the Chauffeurs' Club on Pine Street and danced with a minstrel band. In 1925, she went to Paris with the Revue Negre. Baker starred in the Folies-Bergere the next season and became one of France's best-loved entertainers. During World War II, she was a heroine of the Resistance, earning the Legion d'Honneur. A French citizen, she remained an activist for civil rights in the US. On her death in 1975, Baker was given an unprecedented state funeral in Paris.
    1954 - Elvis Presley reaches a Billboard chart outside of Memphis for the first time when "Blue Moon of Kentucky" hits #6 in Nashville and #3 in New Orleans.
    1955 - Top Hits
“Love is a Many-Splendored Thing” - The Four Aces
“Autumn Leaves” - Roger Williams
“The Shifting, Whispering Sands” - Rusty Draper
“Love, Love, Love” - Webb Pierce
    1956 – “The Jonathan Winters Show” was televised in New York on WRCA-TV, taped with a RCA machine and then played back for the West Coast at a later time. It was the first telecast shown in full compatible color. It also was the first video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast.
    1959 - Birthday of singer, satirist Alfred Matthew “Weird Al” Yankovic, Lynwood, CA.
    1959 - Charles Van Doren recants his testimony. The son of author/teacher Mark Van Doren (Allen Ginsberg, et al) originally denied to a grand jury that the TV quiz show "21" had supplied him with questions and answers in advance. His confession was front page news and a shock to the American public that had made the television show the most popular on the air at that time. It also made suspect all television games and the medium itself.
    1961 - The first jazz composition to appear on the Top 40 charts was pianist Dave Brubeck's instrumental “Take Five,” which entered the Top 40 popular music charge published by the trade newspaper. It eventually reached 25.
    1961 - Dion's "Runaround Sue" was the #1 U.S. single. It remained at the top for two weeks until being knocked off by Jimmy Dean's "Big Bad John."
    1962 – US Ambassador to the UN, Adlai Stevenson, addressed the UN Security Council regarding the Cuban missile crisis.  In his presentation, which attracted national television coverage, he forcefully asked Soviet UN representative Zorin if his country was installing nuclear missiles in Cuba, and when Zorin appeared reluctant to reply, Stevenson punctuated with the demand "Don't wait for the translation, answer 'yes' or 'no'!"  When Zorin replied that "I am not in an American court of law, and therefore do not answer a question put to me in the manner of a prosecuting will have your answer in due course," Stevenson retorted, "I am prepared to wait for my answer until Hell freezes over."  Stevenson then showed photographs taken by a spy plane which proved the existence of nuclear missiles in Cuba, just after Zorin had implied they did not exist.  Coincidentally, this was his grandfather’s 137th birthday.   
    1962 - Birthday of my cousin, Douglas Richard (Doug) Flutie, Manchester, MD. Heisman Trophy winner as QB for Boston College [1984], Flutie is still remembered for the most famous Hail Mary in college football.  Against powerhouse University of Miami who staged a dramatic drive to take the lead, 45-41, in the closing minute of the game, Boston College then took possession at its own 22-yard line with 28 seconds to go. After two passes moved the ball another 30 yards, only 6 seconds remained. On the last play of the game, Flutie scrambled away from the defense and threw a deep pass into the end zone that was caught by Gerard Phelan as time expired, giving BC a 47-45 win.  He played for several teams in the NFL who always thought him too small to play QB in the NFL.  All he did was win, going 37-28 as a starter, coming off the bench to win several more games, and holding a 22-8 won-loss record at his home field.  
    1962 - Twelve-year old Steveland Morris Judkins, renamed Little Stevie Wonder, records his first single, "Thank You for Loving Me All the Way," for Motown Records. The record doesn't do anything but he is billed as the twelve-year-old genius.
    1963 - Top Hits
“Sugar Shack” - Jimmy Gilmer and The Fireballs
“Be My Baby” - The Ronettes
“Busted” - Ray Charles
“Love's Gonna Live Here” - Buck Owens
    1965 - The Byrds' "Turn! Turn! Turn!" is released.
    1965 - The Temptations enter the Hot 100 for the seventh time with "My Baby," which will reach #13 in eight weeks on the chart.
    1966 - The Yardbirds and Country Joe and the Fish at the S.F. Fillmore.
    1970 – “Lady Soul,” Aretha Franklin, won a gold record for "Don't Play that Song."
    1971 - Walt Disney World opens in Orlando, Florida, 16 years after Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. Disney World, featuring rides and characters from Disney's beloved movies, would later include EPCOT Center (which opened in 1982), based on Walt Disney's vision of a Utopian planned community. (EPCOT stands for Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow.) The Walt Disney Company launched a real planned community, Celebration, Florida, in 1996.
    1973 - Eight impeachment resolutions were introduced in the House, even as President Nixon announced he would turn over the subpoenaed Watergate tapes.
    1973 - A UN-sanctioned cease-fire officially ended the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Syria.
    1975 - Elton John's Los Angeles concert was sold out at Dodger Stadium. It was the finale to his concert tour of the western U.S.
    1975 - In a fitting finish to one of the most classic World Series ever played, the Reds beat the Red Sox in a thrilling Game 7 victory, 4-3. Joe Morgan's ninth inning looping single scoring Ken Griffey proves to be the decisive hit.
    1976 - Led Zeppelin make their US television debut on Don Kirshner's “Rock Concert,” where they perform "Black Dog" and "Dazed and Confused."
    1976 - Chicago's hit single, “If You Leave Me Now” also made it to the record charts top spot on this date, and remained Number 1 for 2 weeks.
    1978 - CBS Records becomes the first US label to announce a price hike to $8.98 for albums. Other labels soon followed suit.
    1979 - Top Hits
“Rise” - Herb Alpert
“Pop Muzik” - M
“I'll Never Love This Way Again” - Dionne Warwick
“All the Gold in California” - Larry Gatlin and The Gatlin Brothers
    1979 - Billy Martin got into a fight with marshmallow salesman Joseph Cooper at a hotel in Minneapolis. According to Cooper, the fight started over a dispute on who should be "Manager of the Year." Martin reportedly egged Cooper on, offering a $500 bet and later sucker punching Cooper.  Cooper required 15 stitches.  Yankees owner George Steinbrenner fired Martin shortly thereafter, for the second of five times.
    1983 - A truck filled with explosives, driven by a suicide terrorist, crashed into the U.S. Marine barracks near the Beirut International Airport in Lebanon. The bomb killed 241 Marines and sailors and injured 80. Almost simultaneously, a similar incident occurred at French military headquarters, where 58 died and 15 were injured. An obscure group calling itself “Islamic Jihad” claimed responsibility for the bombings.  This incident was the deadliest single-day death toll for the United States Marine Corps since the Battle of Iwo Jima during World War II, the deadliest single-day death toll for the US military since the first day of the Tet Offensive in Vietnam, and the deadliest single attack on Americans overseas since World War II.  Some analysts believe the newly formed Islamic Republic of Iran was heavily involved in the bomb attacks and that a major factor leading it to orchestrate the attacks on the barracks was America's support for Iraq in the Iran-Iraq War and its extending of $2.5 billion in trade credit to Iraq while halting the shipments of arms to Iran. A few weeks before the bombing, Iran warned that providing armaments to Iran's enemies would provoke retaliatory punishment. Four months after the Marine barracks bombing, U.S. Marines were ordered to start pulling out of Lebanon.
    1987 - Thirteen cities in the southeastern U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date. It marked the sixth record low of the month for Greer, SC and Columbia, SC, and the ninth of the month for Montgomery, AL. Showers and thunderstorms deluged Corpus Christi, TX with five inches of rain. Winnemucca, NV reported their first measurable rain in ninety-two days, while Yakima, WA reported a record 96 days in a row without measurable rainfall.
    1987 - Top Hits
“Lost in Emotion” - Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
“U Got the Look” - Prince
“I Think We're Alone Now” - Tiffany
“Fishin' in the Dark” - Nitty Gritty Dirt Band
    1988 - Denver, CO, reported their first freeze of the autumn, and Chicago, IL, reported their first snow. In Texas, afternoon highs of 93 degrees at Austin and San Antonio were records for the date.
    1989 - Up to 3 feet of snow fell in the mountains around Lake Tahoe with 21 inches at Donner Summit. Locally heavy rains in the San Francisco area caused numerous mudslides, adding insult to injury for earthquake victims. Thunderstorms in northern California produced 3.36 inches of rain at Redding to set a 24-hour record for October. A storm moving out of the Gulf of Alaska brought rain and high winds to the Central Pacific Coast Region. High winds in Nevada gusted to 67 mph at Reno, and thunderstorms around Redding, CA produced wind gusts to 66 mph.
    1990 - Michael Jackson donates one of his stage outfits, including a hat and a rhinestone covered glove, to the Motown Museum in Detroit. In his address, Jackson thanks Berry Gordy, calling him "the man that made it all possible for me."
    1990 - Motorola announced it had developed technology to send data at high speeds within office buildings using digital radio transmission. The technology, powerful enough to transmit anywhere in a large building, would allow companies to move computers from one office to another without laying new wiring. While wireless communication for all kinds of computer devices became common in the late 1990s, most companies continued to rely on cable to connect in-office, desktop computers. The wireless telephone and communicator business is now bringing wireless capabilities further with longer distances of source available.
    1991 – After sensational confirmation hearings, Clarence Thomas was sworn in as Supreme Court Associate Justice.
    1993 - After his winning home run gave the Blue Jays the win, Joe Carter stepped on home plate and touched off a SkyDome celebration. The Toronto Blue Jays beat the Philadelphia Phillies 4 games to 2 in the World Series to win the title for the second year in a row.  This was only the second time in history that a walk-off homer won a World Series; the other was Bill Mazeroski’s game-winner in 1960.
    1994 - Mel Gray passes Ron Smith to become the all-time NFL leader in kickoff return yards. Gray finishes his career with 10,250 yards.
    1998 - An American-brokered peace deal was reached at the Wye Mills Plantation in Maryland between Yasser Arafat and Benjamin Netanyahu. Israeli and Palestinian extremists denounced the deal. Land for the Palestinians was exchanged for security guarantees to the Israelis backed by the American CIA. Pres. President Clinton agreed to release Jonathan Pollard, who was jailed 11 years ago, on charges of spying for Israel.
    1999 - Thirty years after making his initial US chart appearance with a song called "Jingo," Carlos Santana had his first number one hit with "Smooth." The track, which features the vocals of Rob Thomas of Matchbox Twenty, would stay at the top for twelve weeks and remained in the top ten for a record setting 30 weeks.
    2001 - NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft began orbiting Mars. In 2010, it became the longest-operating spacecraft ever sent to Mars.
    2001 - Apple Computer Inc. introduced the iPod portable digital music player.
    2002 - In Game 4 of the World Series, Barry Bonds is walked intentionally three times, setting a new record for a Fall Classic game. Angels starting pitcher John Lackey, who issues all the free passes to the Giants left fielder, does not factor in the decision in San Francisco's 4-3 victory at Pac Bell Park (now Oracle Park), which deadlocks the Series at two.
    2002 – In a poll of fans, sponsored by MLB and MasterCard, Lou Gehrig's consecutive games streak being broken by Cal Ripken Jr. in 1995 is voted as baseball's most memorable moment. Hank Aaron breaking Babe Ruth's all-time home run record, Jackie Robinson becoming the first black to play in Major League baseball, Mark McGwire breaking Roger Maris' single-season home run record and Lou Gehrig's farewell speech were also in the top five events selected by the fans.
    2005 - For 14th time in World Series history, a walk off home run ends Game 2 as Scott Podsednik's ninth inning blast at Chicago's U.S. Cellular Field beats the Astros, 7-6. In 1960, Hall of Famer Bill Mazeroski was the first player to accomplish the feat as his game-winning homer makes the Pirates World Champions.
    2005 - On the verge of the first World Series game in Texas, much to the chagrin of the Astros, MLB rules Houston must play Game 3 of the Fall Classic with its Minute Maid Park roof open. During the regular season, the team had a much better record (38-17) when ballpark was enclosed than in games started in open air (15-11).
    2006 - Former Enron CEO Jeffrey Skilling was convicted of 35 felony charges and sentenced to more than 24 years in prison for his role in the company's collapse.  He earned his MBA from Harvard Business School during 1979, graduating in the top 5% of his class as a Baker Scholar.  During Skilling's management, Enron adopted “mark-to-market” accounting, in which anticipated future profits from any deal were accounted for by estimating their present value rather than historical cost. Skilling began advocating a novel idea: by promoting the company's aggressive investment strategy, the company didn't really need any "assets". This plan helped make Enron the largest wholesaler of gas and electricity, with $27 billion traded in a quarter. On February 12, 2001, Skilling was named CEO of Enron, replacing Lay. He received $132 million during a single year. Skilling was slated to succeed Lay as chairman as well in early 2002.  When brought in front of congressional committees, Skilling stated that he had "no knowledge" of the complicated scandal that would eventually result in Enron's bankruptcy, telling CA Senator Barbara Boxer “I am not an accountant” despite the Harvard MBA.  Skilling was released from federal custody in February, 2019 after serving 12 years.
    2015 – The lowest sea-level pressure in the Western Hemisphere, and the highest reliability-measure non-tornadic sustained winds, are recorded n Hurricane Patricia which strikes Mexico hours later.  13 are killed and damages exceeded $280 million.

World Series Champions

    1910 - Philadelphia Athletics
    1993 - Toronto Blue Jays



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