Wednesday, October 14, 2009
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This Day in American History1644-Birthday of William Penn, founder of Pennsylvania, born at London, England. Penn died July 30, 1718, at Buckinghamshire, England. President Proclamation 5284, of November 28, 1984, conferred honorary citizenship of the USA upon William Penn and his second wife, Hannah Callowhill Penn. They were the third and fourth persons to received honorary Citizenship, including Winston Churchill and Raoul Wallengber”
( lower half of: http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/oct14.html )
1656- The first punitive legislation in Massachusetts against Quakers was enacted. (The marriage of church-and-state in Puritanism made them regard the ritual-free Quakers as spiritually apostate and politically subversive). The law provided for a fine of 100 pounds for any ship captain who delivered Quakers “ or any other blasphemous heretics” the Massachusetts Bay Colony. Possessing Quaker books and coming to the defense of Quakers was also outlawed and punished with fines, whipping and jailing. Subsequent anti-Quaker laws included the penalties of having their ears cut off and the tongue bored through with a hot iron.
1734-Birthday of Francis Lightfoot Lee, signer of the Declaration of Independence. Born at Westmoreland County, VA, he died January 11, 1797 at Richmond County, VA.
His plantation was called “Menokin.”
1735 -Methodist pioneer John Wesley first set sail to America, to minister to the Indians under Georgia Gov. Oglethorpe. On this same date, Wesley began keeping his famous, 55-year-long journal, whose last entry was dated Oct 24, 1790.
1774-The Declaration of rights was passed by the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia, PA. It was known as the “Declaration and Resolves of the First Continental Congress.”: It stated the colonist “are entitled to life, liberty and property; and they have never ceded to any foreign power whosoever a right to dispose of either without their consent.”
1834-African-American Henry Blair patents his corn-planting machine. Two years later, on August 31, 1936, he obtained a patent on a cotton seed planter.
1863 -Battle of Bristol Station - Confederate General Robert E. Lee attempts to drive the Union army out of Virginia but fails when an outnumbered Union force repels the attacking Rebels The aggressive Lee realized that he had a chance to cut the Union army up piecemeal during the withdrawal. Confederate General Ambrose P. Hill spotted Yankees from General George Sykes's Fifth Corps near Bristoe Station on the afternoon of October 14. Thinking this was the rear of the Union army, Hill attacked and began driving the Federals away in disarray. The Confederates were surprised by the sudden appearance of Union General Governor K. Warren's Second Corps. Warren's men were returning from a small battle at Auburn, Virginia, earlier that morning. Hill decided to attack this new force as well, but the Yankees were well protected by a railroad cut. In a very short engagement, the Confederates suffered 1,400 men killed, wounded, and captured, while the Union lost only 546. "Bury these poor men," Lee somberly told Hill, "and let us say no more about it." The Union army was driven back 40 miles from its original positions, and the Confederates destroyed a large section of the Orange and Alexandria Railroad, a key Union supply line. Nonetheless, the gains were temporary. The next month, Meade drove Lee back behind the Rapidan River.
1863-Birthday of journalist Winifred Sweet Black. She wrote under the name of Annie Laurie was able to infiltrate Mormon life and expose polygamy in an 1898 series of articles in the Hearst newspapers. But her greatest accomplishment was disguising herself as a boy and becoming the only woman reporter on Galveston Island after the terrible hurricane in 1900. She, unlike others, didn't only report. Using funds donated by Heart's readers, she opened and administered a hospital on the island to aid the displaced and injured. Another time she faked a collapse to expose graft and mismanagement in San Francisco's receiving hospital. She got an exclusive interview with President Benjamin Harrison, and even get into a leper colony in Hawaii. She also reported on World War I and the Versailles treaty negotiations. She continued reporting on world events well into her 60s. She died in 1936.
1890-Birthday of Dwight David Eisenhower, the 34 th president of the US, born at Denison, Texas. Serving two terms as president, Jan 20,1953-January 20,1961, Eisenhower was the first president to be baptized after taking office )Sunday, February 1, 1953). Nicknamed “Ike,” he held the rank of five-star general of the army ( resigned in 1952 and restored by act of Congress in 1951). He served as supreme commander of the Allied forces in western Europe during WWII. In his Farewell Address (January 17,1961), speaking about the “conjunction of an immense military establishment and a large arms industry,” he warned: “ In the councils of government, we must guard against the acquisition of unwarranted influence, whether sough or unsought by the military-industrial complex. The potential of disastrous rise of misplaced power exists and will persist.” An American hero, Eisenhower died at Washington, DC., March 28, 1969.
1891---Birthday of Sarah Winnemucca
1894 – Birthday of e e cummings (Edward Estlin Cummings) (poet, playwright: Him, Santa Claus; writer: The Enormous Room; died Sep 3, 1962)
1899-Birthday of pianist/song writer Spencer Williams, New Orleans, LA
1899 -Bandleader/jazz promoter William “Red” McKenzie Birthday
1906 -The White Sox, known as baseball's 'hitless wonders' complete their unbelievable World Series upset of the their powerful crosstown rivals by beating the Cubs, 8-3 at South Side Park. The Cubs had won a record 116 regular season games.
1938-Bob Haggart-Ray Bauduc record “Big Noise from Winnetka ( Decca 2208) 1939-Birthday of Ralph Lauren, the designer and purveyor of a line of popular clothes that sought to capture the "spirit of the West," born New York City. His claim to fame is the “Polo” brand.
1940-Charlie Barnet Band records “Redskin Rumba” (Bluebird 10944).
To Each His Own - Eddy Howard
Five Minutes More - Frank Sinatra
South America, Take It Away - Bing Crosby and The Andrews Sisters
Divorce Me C.O.D. - Merle Travis
1947-Flying a Bell X-I at Muroc Dry Lake Bed, California, Air Force pilot Chuck Yeager broke the sound barrier, ushering in the era of supersonic flight. Yeager, born in Myra, West Virginia, in 1923, was a combat fighter during World War II and flew 64 missions over Europe. He shot down 13 German planes and was himself shot down over France, but he escaped capture with the assistance of the French Underground. After the war, he was among several volunteers chosen to test-fly the experimental X-1 rocket plane, built by the Bell Aircraft Company to explore the possibility of supersonic flight.
1950-“The Adventures of Ellery Queen” premiere on television. The first of many series to portray fictional detective Ellery Queen. It began on the Dumont network, where my father Lawrence Menkin wrote many of the episodes, and later moved to ABC. Queen was played by Richard Hart. In the next four series, he would also be played by Lee Bowman, Hugh Marlowe, George Nada, Lee Phillips, Peter Lawford and Jim Hutton. In each series Queen talked to the home audience at the show's climax to see if they were able to identify the killer. Future series were titled, “ Ellery Queen” and the “Further Adventures of Ellery Queen.” The last telecast aired on September 5, 1976.
1952-SCHOWALTER, EDWARD R., JR. Medal of Honor Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company A, 31st Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Kumhwa, Korea, 14 October 1952. Entered service at: Metairie, La. Born: 24 December 1927, New Orleans, La. G.O. No.: 6, 28 January 1954. Citation: 1st Lt. Schowalter, commanding, Company A, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and indomitable courage above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. Committed to attack and occupy a key-approach to the primary objective, the 1st Platoon of his company came under heavy vicious small-arms, grenade, and mortar fire within 50 yards of the enemy-held strongpoint, halting the advance and inflicting several casualties. The 2d Platoon moved up in support at this juncture, and although wounded, 1st Lt. Schowalter continued to spearhead the assault. Nearing the objective he was severely wounded by a grenade fragment but, refusing medical aid, he led his men into the trenches and began routing the enemy from the bunkers with grenades. Suddenly from a burst of fire from a hidden cove off the trench he was again wounded. Although suffering from his wounds, he refused to relinquish command and continued issuing orders and encouraging his men until the commanding ground was secured and then he was evacuated. 1st Lt. Schowalter's unflinching courage, extraordinary heroism, and inspirational leadership reflect the highest credit upon himself and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service.
1952-“The Red Button Shows” premiered on TV. The comedy-variety show starred the well-known burlesque comedian Red Buttons. Regulars included Dorothy Jolliffe, Joe Silver, Jeane Carson, Sara Seegar, Jimkmly Little, Ralph Stanley, Sammyu Birch, and the Elliot Lawrence orchestra. It later switched networks under a new format in 1953, as a sitcom with Phylis Kirk and Paul Lynde.
Hey There - Rosemary Clooney
I Need You Now - Eddie Fisher
Papa Loves Mambo - Perry Como
I Don't Hurt Anymore - Hank Snow
1955-Nineteen-year old Buddy Holly and his sidemen, Larry Welborn and Bob Montgomery, open a concert in Lubbock, Texas for Bill Haley and the Comets. Nashville talent agent Eddie Crandell is in the audience and in the next few weeks arranges for Holly to record his first demo.
1957--Although it was banned by some US radio stations for its suggestive lyrics, The Everly Brothers' "Wake up Little Susie" reached the top of the Billboard singles chart.
1957-The Elvis Presley classic, "Jailhouse Rock" is released. It would become his ninth US number one single and stay on the Billboard chart for nineteen weeks. The film clip from the movie where he sang the song is considered by many historians to be the first Rock video.
1957- Elvis' "Jailhouse Rock" is released.
1960-At the improbable hour of 1am, then presidential candidate John F. Kennedy spoke impromptu to several thousand students from the steps of the University of Michigan Union building. He ask,” How many of you are going to be doctors are willing to spend your days in Ghana? how many of you( technicians and engineers) are willing to work in the Foreign Service? The response was favorable, and 19 days later in San Francisco, Kennedy formally proposed the Peace Corps, which was created by Executive Order, March 1, 1962.
1961 - The Broadway production "How to Succeed in Business without Really Trying" opened on Broadway.
1962-The Cuban Missile Crisis begins , 1962, bringing the United States and the Soviet Union to the brink of nuclear conflict. Photographs taken by a high-altitude U-2 spy plane offered incontrovertible evidence that Soviet-made medium-range missiles in Cuba--capable of carrying nuclear warheads--were now stationed 90 miles off the American coastline. Tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union over Cuba had been steadily increasing since the failed April 1961 Bay of Pigs invasion, in which Cuban refugees, armed and trained by the United States, landed in Cuba and attempted to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro. Though the invasion did not succeed, Castro was convinced that the United States would try again, and set out to get more military assistance from the Soviet Union. During the next year, the number of Soviet advisors in Cuba rose to more than 20,000. Rumors began that Russia was also moving missiles and strategic bombers onto the island. Russian leader Nikita Khrushchev may have decided to so dramatically up the stakes in the Cold War for several reasons. He may have believed that the United States was indeed going to invade Cuba and provided the weapons as a deterrent. Facing criticism at home from more hard-line members of the Soviet communist hierarchy, he may have thought a tough stand might win him support. Khrushchev also had always resented that U.S. nuclear missiles were stationed near the Soviet Union (in Turkey, for example), and putting missiles in Cuba might have been his way of redressing the imbalance. Two days after the pictures were taken, after being developed and analyzed by intelligence officers, they were presented to President Kennedy. During the next two weeks, the United States and the Soviet Union would come as close to nuclear war as they ever had, and a fearful world awaited the outcome.
Sherry - The 4 Seasons
Monster Mash - Bobby “Boris” Picket
I Remember You - Frank Ifield
Devil Woman - Marty Robbins
1964-Martin Luther King, Jr. became the youngest recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize when awarded the honor. Dr. King donated the entire $54,000 prize money to furthering the causes of the civil rights movement.
1965 - Dodger ace Sandy Koufax, working on just two days rest, pitched a three-hit shutout of the Minnesota Twins. Koufax struck out ten Twins on his way to the 2-0 win. And the Dodgers were World Series champs for the second time in three years.
1966--The Paul Butterfield Blues Band, Jefferson Airplane, Big Mama Mae Thornton, play the San Francisco Fillmore Auditorium
1967-The Who's "I Can See for Miles" is released.
1967 -- Folk singer Joan Baez arrested in blockade of military induction center, Oakland, California.
Cracklin' Rosie - Neil Diamond
I'll Be There - The Jackson 5
All Right Now - Free
Sunday Morning Coming Down - Johnny Cash
1972- Harold Melvin and the Bluenotes enter the soul chart with "If You Don't Know Me by Now," which, in 16 weeks on the chart, will peak at Number One for two weeks. The song makes it to #3 on the pop chart.
1972-The Temptations' "Papa Was A Rolling Stone" is released.
1975-Kiss' "Rock and Roll All Nite" is released.
1976- The Yankees win their 30th pennant dramatically on Chris Chambliss' bottom of ninth-inning solo homer defeating the Royals, 7-6 in Game Five and deciding contest of the ALCS.
1977- At the request of the Dodgers, Linda Ronstadt sings the National Anthem at Dodger Stadium to open the third game of the World Series against the Yankees. (1977)
1978-All four solo albums by the members of KISS break through Billboard's Top 100. Gene Simmons effort will prove to be the highest charting at #22, followed by Ace Frehley at #26, then Paul Stanley at #40 and Peter Criss at #43.
1981- Four days of heavy rain across northern Texas and southern Oklahoma came to an end. The heaviest rains fell in a band from southwest of Abilene TX to McAlester OK, with up to 26 inches reported north of Gainesville, in north central Texas. The heavy rains were the result of decaying Hurricane Norma, which also spawned thirteen tornadoes across the region. Seven deaths were attributed to the flooding.
1984 - Dense fog contributed to a 118 vehicle accident on I-94, just south of Milwaukee WI. It was the seventh day of an eight day stretch of dense fog. At the time of the accident the visibility was reportedly close to zero
1987 - A media frenzy occurred when hundreds of rescuers came to the aid of little 18-month-old Jessica McClure. At 9:30 a.m. on this day, Jessica fell 22 feet into an abandoned well in her backyard in Midland, Texas. She was brought out of the well 58 hours later and was rushed to the hospital, where she underwent minor surgery. Gifts, especially stuffed animals, pouring into the hospital from well-wishers, most of whom had never met Jessica or her family.
1988 - Forty cities in the eastern U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date. Elkins WV was the cold spot in the nation with a record low of 18 degrees above zero. Thunderstorms in Arizona drenched Phoenix with nine inches of rain in nine hours, the fifth highest total for any given day in ninety-two years of records. Carefree AZ was soaked with two inches of rain.
1989 - Thunderstorms produced severe weather over Michigan during the morning, and over New York State and Connecticut during the afternoon and evening hours. Thunderstorms spawned two tornadoes, and there were ninety reports of large hail or damaging winds, including seventy reports of damaging winds in New York State. A tornado at McDonough NY killed one person and injured three other people. Strong thunderstorm winds gusted to 105 mph at Somerset. Temperatures warmed into the 80s and lower 90s over much of the nation east of the Rockies, with eleven cities reporting record high temperatures for the date. Afternoon highs of 81 degrees at Beckley WV and Bluefield WV equaled October records.
1990- San Francisco 49er Joe Montana passes for six 6 touchdowns vs. Atlanta (45-35).
1992- Canada gets its first pennant as the Blue Jays clinch the AL crown with a 9-2 victory over the A's in the Game 6 of the ALCS.
1996-Archer Daniels Midland Company, Decatur, IL, a maker of agricultural commodities received a fine from the Justice Department for $100 million. It was a penalty for conspiring with other companies to fix the prices of two food additives, lysine and citric acid. The company admitted the charges. It was by far the largest such fine up to that time.
2002- Light hitting second baseman Adam Kennedy becomes the fifth player to hit three homers in a postseason game helping the Angels to secure their first World Series berth in the team's 42-year history. Using a ten-run seventh inning, Anaheim beats the Twins 13-5 to win the ALCS in five games.
2003 Holding a 3-0 lead and needing only five more outs to go the World Series for the first time since 1945, the Cubs give up eight runs, on five hits, three walks and an error to the Marlins. The team appears to come apart after a Cub fan, sitting along the left-field line at Wrigley Field, tries to catch a foul ball that was about to be caught by Cubs' outfielder Moises Alou for the second out of the inning.
World Series Champions This Date
1905 New York Giants
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