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Wednesday, September 1, 2021

Today's Leasing News Headlines

The Industry’s First Reality TV Show is Here
Credit Managers Managing Too Many Decisions
    With Too Little Time
Leasing Industry Ads
    Top Positions Available
Industry Involvement
    Sales Makes it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP
Windows 11 to Be Released October 5, 2021
    Reportedly Will Not Run on Older Computers
Will Supply Chain Obstacles Stifle Holiday Sales?
    By James Melton,
White House Appoints Port Envoy
   to Address Persistent Port Congestion
     Industryweek Report
Household Debt Climbs, Boosted by
    Mortgage and Auto Loan Growth
Have a Complaint about a Leasing or Finance Company,
   Try Updated Complaint Process for Leasing and Finance Associations
My Grandson, US Marine Sgt. Jedrek Wilcox
    with two of his Marine Buddies to his left
5 Takeaways: Reaching Customers
    Through Content Marketing
A Cute Dog
    Phoenix, Arizona  Adopt-a-Dog
Medical Marijuana Portal for Veterinarians
     in the US Launched
SFNET Extends Early Bird Rate to Sept. 10th
    77th Annual Convention Nov. 3-5, Phoenix, Arizona
News Briefs---
PNC Bank increasing its minimum wage to $18 per hour
   40 hours a week $37,440 compared to $15 an hour at $31,200
Moderna vaccine makes twice as many
    antibodies as Pfizer, study says
The U.S. Education Department is investigating
    five states over their mask mandate bans
Google pushes its mandatory return
     to office date into 2022

You May have Missed---
New Orleans power failures could pose more dangers
     than the hurricane itself, aid workers warn

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists
| Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

Sports Brief----
 California Nuts Brief---
  "Gimme that Wine"
    This Day in History
      Daily Puzzle
        Weather, USA or specific area
         Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.


The Industry’s First Reality TV Show is Here

This Labor Day, get ready to fund deals as the first-of-its-kind REALITY SHOW debuts exclusively on deBanked TV! “The Broker,” a completely unscripted TV series that takes place inside a real broker shop in Miami, will showcase what it’s like to put together short-term capital for small businesses around the country.

Starring the same crew that self-produced “Funding America” on YouTube, deBanked’s Sean Murray flew down and tried to assess and guide FunderHunt, one of the nation’s most social media hungry broker shops.

“Some of it is jaw-dropping,” Murray said, “I spent almost a week there. There are certain things they do really well and other things that need improvement. We caught it all on camera. I must say that they’re a very hardworking group and I think this show captures life in the sales trenches pretty well. Some of the antics that happened there though, you couldn’t possibly make them up if you tried!”

“This Is The Beginning Of Debanked TV”

The five-episode TV series begins airing on September 6th with one episode released each day until the end of the week. Anyone can watch it at . Airing times will be announced in advance and they will be available later on-demand for free.

“This is the beginning of deBanked TV,” Murray said. We’ve shot a lot of short docuseries, interviews, and how-tos, but this is our first foray into reality-style TV. We’ve got more than 500 videos on our platform already with tens of thousands of views. It’s great to be the industry’s #1 video platform.”

The Broker debuts on September 6, 2021 at

Subscribe to deBanked for updates on airing times:



Credit Managers Managing Too Many Decisions
With Too Little Time

Credit Today

Credit Managers make decisions every day. Some are more difficult than others. Usually, there is limited information available but there is a continuous need for speed. Sometimes the results from our decisions are not evident for a long while. The customer who was approved pays well for a time and then becomes a collection issue. It could be a customer approved for a small line, who substantially grows their business with your company and remains in good standing.

So, what are the elements of good decision-making? Here are ten things for you to consider as you make decisions throughout the day.

  1. Like your mother said, “Stop, Look and Listen.” Ask necessary questions. Understand the issues at hand. What is at stake? How will your decision affect the outcome?
  2. Develop a sense of priority. What must be done now? What could be done at a later more convenient time? Does it need doing at all? Maybe it is really someone else's decision
  3. Avoid “Analysis Paralysis.” Try to gather as much information as time and resources allow but don't let yourself get bogged down in too much detail. Focus on the critical information needed.
  4. Don't ignore your past experience or that of others. There are many nuances involved in credit management. Past experiences give you an insight into possible outcomes. Yes, it is a changing world and new considerations are at play. Think about similar circumstances you dealt with in the past, the decisions you made, and the result of those decisions. If nothing else, it may help if you ask the right questions before you decide
  5. Understand how your decisions affect others. Your decisions affect your staff, other stakeholders, and your customers. What are the impacts related to carrying out your decision? Be sure to involve others when appropriate and keep communication lines open.
  6. Keep your ego at the door. Maybe someone has a better idea or information that is uncomfortable to hear. You are making business decisions. It is not personal, others may have a useful perspective.
  7. Mistakes do happen. Don't avoid a decision for fear of making a mistake. Put the consequences of your decision in perspective. Think, what is the worst thing that could happen? What is the best potential outcome? What would happen if procrastination rules the day and no decision is made?
  8. Avoid the easy out. Understand the difference between a Band-Aid fix and a permanent solution.
  9. Keep it simple:  Oftentimes. you will be asking others to carry out a decision you have made. Make sure your direction is clear and not overly complex. Be sure everyone involved accurately understands what you have decided and what they need to do.
  10. Two-way Communication is a key element of decision-making and execution.

Always decide in the best interest of your company. If you do that, even a wrong decision is defensible.

Conclusion: As a Credit Manager, you make decisions every day. These could be credit or collection related, how best to address a nagging customer issue, a staff-related problem, or might involve a project you are working on. As fast-paced as your business is, put thought into your decision process. Set realistic priorities to the decisions you are asked to make. Communicate with all those involved. Listen, you may learn something that will change your thinking and improve your decision. Always make sure you are acting in the best interest of your company.

Taking a tough decision? Find out more on how you could improve your credit decision-making process by applying Porter's Five Forces model.



Help Wanted Ads


Industry Involvement

Sales Makes it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP

We are entering the Fall conference season, when all the major industry associations are having events to discuss the current state of the industry and future opportunities. These conferences are usually attended by management and team leaders. However, originators can also benefit greatly by participating in these events. Originators are the front-line representatives for their companies and can learn tremendously from the informative sessions provided at these conferences.

I was a young originator with only a few years of experience when I asked my manager if I could attend an annual ELA (now ELFA) conference in Chicago. The conference greatly changed my perspective of the industry. The conference energized me to learn more, compete more aggressively, and strive to reach new levels of production. I was formally introduced to the true capabilities of the industry. Being an originator was no longer just a job, it became a lifelong career opportunity.

Several years ago, I was coaching an originator who approached his manager and asked to attend an annual association conference. The manager explained that his attendance was not in the budget and perhaps the following year would be a better option. I encouraged the originator to make a personal investment in himself and to offer to pay his own way or at least a portion of the entrance fee. His manager accepted the originator's offer (and the company ended up paying the fee). This young originator had a wonderful learning experience. His production increased significantly and today he manages a highly successful team of originators for the same company. This manager continues to attend and participate in association events. More importantly, he encourages his team to attend and be involved with industry associations. He believes that the association networks provide meaningful insight to new opportunities that cannot be obtained through isolation.

Scott A. Wheeler, CLFP
Wheeler Business Consulting
1314 Marquis Ct.
Fallston, Maryland 21047
Phone: 410 877 0428
Fax: 410 877 8161
Sales Makes it Happen articles:



Windows 11 to Be Released October 5, 2021
Reportedly Will Not Run on Older Computers

Microsoft announced it will release Windows 11 on Oct. 5 as a free upgrade for existing Windows 10 machines and pre-installed on new computers. The company announced plans for Windows 11 in June. Its surprise decision to make an upgrade deemed worthy of a new integer followed resurgence in usage and interest in PCs during the pandemic. Microsoft has “a renewed sense of Windows’ role in the world,” CEO Satya Nadella said at the time.

Reportedly, the program may require a new computer.  Microsoft will continue to support Window 10 users, they announced.

Full report:


Will Supply Chain Obstacles Stifle Holiday Sales?
By James Melton,

The ongoing effects of the pandemic on the global supply chain have retailers worried about whether they will have enough inventory when the holiday season arrives. The situation is so dire that The Home Depot Inc. (No. 4 in the 2021 Digital Commerce 360 Top 1000) has chartered at least one dedicated cargo ship to take greater control of its supply chain and avoid having products out of stock.

A recent shock to the system occurred in early June, when Yantian International Container Terminal in Guangdong, China, was partially shut down to control COVID-19 cases. The port resumed operation later the same month but not before causing a massive backup of outgoing goods. In July, Union Pacific Railroad suspended rail service from the West Coast to Chicago for a week to relieve congestion in Chicago and divert some rail equipment to serve other markets.

Retailers are also concerned about the potential economic impact of new variants of the coronavirus. As Digital Commerce 360 was finalizing its 2021 Click, Ship & Return Report, COVID-19 outbreaks in Southeast Asia curtailed production for some of the world’s most prominent footwear and garment companies, as factories there struggled to keep the lights on.

Walmart and Target leverage their stores for fulfillment
Other key fulfillment trends include retailers adding to or improving their Omni channel options—especially curbside pickup. Among the retailers ranked in the Top 1000, 170 offered the service as of mid-2021, up from just 25 in 2020, an increase of 580.0%.

Among the retailers most committed to leveraging their stores to fulfill online orders are Walmart Inc. (No. 2) and Target Corp. (No. 6).

A significant contributor to Walmart’s strength in online sales is its grocery business. Walmart does not break out online sales by merchandise category. In its fiscal year ended April 30, Walmart reported that grocery pickup and delivery saw record-high sales volumes, reflecting a continued customer shift toward ecommerce and Omni channel options.

As of Jan. 31, 2020, Walmart offered pickup of online orders at 3,750 U.S. stores and same-day delivery at roughly 3,000. In January 2020, just before the pandemic hit the U.S., those numbers were 3,200 and 1,600, respectively.

Walmart also invested in technology to give its fulfillment operation an edge. Among those investments, Walmart developed artificial intelligence-based software for its grocery business to handle the surprisingly complex process of deciding how to substitute out-of-stock items. Walmart says making decisions about grocery substitutions can involve almost 100 factors. Also, Walmart invested in robotic fulfillment technology.

Robotics are also part of Walmart’s drive for improved efficiency. The retailer began testing an automated robotic fulfillment system at a Salem, New Hampshire, store in late 2019 and began rolling out similar fulfillment centers at dozens of stores in 2021.

At Target, the retailer’s “same-day services”—consisting of curbside pickup, buy online pickup in stores (BOPIS) and on-demand delivery via its Shipt unit—kept growing at a rapid clip in 2021. Curbside pickup (which Target calls Drive Up) grew 123% in Q1—which was on top of 600%+ growth in the comparable quarter a year ago. BOPIS grew 52%, on top of 100% growth in Q1 2020, while Ship delivery grew 86%, on top of 300% growth a year earlier.

In Q2, which ended July 31, growth continued for sales fulfilled via Target’s same-day services. Drive Up grew more than 80% in Q2 2021 after increasing more than 700% in Q2 of 2020. BOPIS grew more than 30% year over year after increasing more than 350% a year earlier. And Shift grew about 20% on top of more than 60% growth in q2 2020.


White House Appoints Port Envoy
to Address Persistent Port Congestion
Industryweek Report

Pocari is "uniquely qualified" to work on port congestion,
according to Transportation Secretary Buttigieg

President Biden is taking a stab at unplugging container-clogged ports. The White House announced August 27 that it would appoint John D. Porcari to Biden’s supply-chain disruption task force as its port envoy.

International supply chains around the world are in the midst of a months long disruption due to spikes in demand and delays exacerbated by the Covid-19 pandemic. In order to address those issues, President Biden announced the Biden-Harris task force on supply chain disruptions shortly after entering office.

One of the major issues facing supply chains right now is port congestion. The Department of Transportation noted Friday that the price of shipping containers has jumped 90% since 2019 and containerized cargo volumes have increased 40% compared to last year at the two biggest ports in the U.S., Los Angeles and Long Beach.

Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg called Porcari “uniquely qualified” to work on port congestion thanks to his experience with public and private port infrastructure.

“The Biden-Harris Administration is using a whole-of-government approach to work with labor and industry leadership to identify, reduce and eliminate maritime supply chain issues,” said Buttigieg. “Envoy Porcari’s leadership in both the public and private infrastructure sectors make him uniquely qualified to work with stakeholders and federal agencies to address supply chain disruptions.”

Porcari, 62, previously worked as Deputy Secretary of Transportation under Obama and as transportation secretary of Maryland. Under Obama, Porcari helped oversee U.S. port, intermodal and maritime policy in the United States as well as maritime-related grant programs. The White House also credited Porcari with significant improvements made to the Port of Baltimore, including a public-private partnership to expand a container terminal, add a new container berth and install state-of-the-art cranes.

“The pandemic has fundamentally disrupted our supply chains which are impacting consumers, workers, and businesses across the country,” Porcari said in a statement. He added that he was “excited to hit the ground running and get to work immediately with industry, labor, and other port stakeholders” on congestion.

The federal infrastructure plan passed by the Senate includes $17 billion in funding for ports and waterways.


Household Debt Climbs, Boosted by
Mortgage and Auto Loan Growth

The New York Fed's Quarterly Report on Household Debt and Credit found that total household debt rose by $313 billion to reach $14.96 trillion in the second quarter of 2021. Mortgage balances grew by $282 billion and auto loans increased by $33 billion. Notably, credit card balances ticked up by $17 billion while student loan debt decreased by $14 billion. In an associated blog post, New York Fed researchers found that some homeowners continued to struggle with their loans as just under two million mortgages remained in forbearance programs, and these borrowers will be most likely to struggle when mortgage forbearance policies are lifted.

Full Report:


Have a Complaint about a Leasing or Finance Company,
Try Updated Complaint Process for Leasing and Finance Associations

The Leasing and Finance Associations have procedures to consider complaints about its members, often to resolve an issue or take other action.  

Code Of Ethics and Complaint Procedures:

CLFP Complaint Procedure

Official Procedure:'s-code-of-fair-business-practices

NEFA Dispute Resolution Producer:



My Grandson, US Marine Sgt. Jedrek Wilcox
with two of his Marine Buddies to his left

Jedrek is the one wearing the glasses. I don’t know the name of his buddies. He is stationed in Okinawa.


##### Press Release ############################

5 Takeaways: Reaching Customers
Through Content Marketing

Equipment Finance Industry Experts Share Strategies on Enhancing the Customer Experience During ELFA Webinar

WASHINGTON, D.C., – An introduction to Omni-channel marketing, ways to build a content marketing strategy and a case study on bringing these elements together were the focus of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association’s August 19 webinar, “Reaching Your Customer in a Digital World.” More than 225 equipment finance professionals attended the hour-long, interactive presentation designed for marketers of all levels of experience to achieve more effective customer interaction.

Brittney Weber, Chair of the ELFA Communications Committee and VP, Direct Marketing Manager Senior, Huntington National Bank, moderated the event with panelists Monica Bruegl, Marketing Consultant; Katy Ellquist, Senior Global Content Strategist & Marketing Consultant, Caterpillar Financial Services Corporation; and Heather S. Friedman, Vice President Corporate Marketing, GreatAmerica Financial Services.

Weber started by thanking the ELFA Communications Committee for convening the webinar. “We’ve got a great, supportive group of marketing and communication professionals from across the equipment finance industry on the Committee,” she said, inviting those who are interested in joining the group to contact ELFA (see details below).

Bruegl kicked off the presentation with an overview of omni-channel marketing, which provides a seamless client experience regardless of the channel (email, banner ad, video) or device (phone, laptop, etc.). When measuring Omni-channel marketing ROI, Bruegl noted that improving the client experience is a top priority for companies today, even outranking other priorities such as price. “This really illuminates how the client journey is becoming a competitive playground for all of us,” she said.

At the heart of Omni-channel marketing is content marketing, which comprises planning, creating and sharing valuable content for a target audience in order to achieve a business goal. Below are five takeaways on the basics of content marketing.

  1. Content should solve problems for customers and educate them about services your company offers. It’s essentially all the supporting content beyond a new product release announcement or spec sheet that helps to drive sales. By sharing relevant content, your company can establish itself as an industry authority and build trust with customers.
  2. Take a simple, methodical approach to get started. To begin a content marketing program, first get informed. There are dozens of free content marketing resources available online to help you and your team learn best practices and new concepts at any experience level. Create a budget, allocate an amount that works for your business, and increase the investment if desired outcomes are met. Set goals for evaluating each piece of content, such as effectiveness in increasing awareness, lead generation or social media engagement, and report, review and refresh as needed.
  3. Content should be simple, consistent and creative. The recommended reading level for general marketing content is eighth grade, and keeping it simple can allow your content to be shared with a broader audience and increase your reach. Establish a consistent tone and voice and maintain it to avoid confusing your audience. Don’t be afraid to push the envelope on what’s acceptable for your industry. Unique content is more memorable and can help you stand out from your competition.
  4. Have multiple ways to use information. Ellquist said, “Everyone consumes content differently, so it’s really important to have a good variety of ways that you share and repurpose some of the same information. This is a time to put yourself in the customer’s shoes and think about what you would want to see.”

    Content can take a variety of forms, including blogs, whitepapers, ebooks, infographics and videos. Repurpose and take an omni-channel approach for greater visibility. Potential channels include display advertising, social advertising, paid search, email marketing, online forums and employee sharing/engagement.
  5. Document your content marketing plan. Fewer than 40% of content marketers have a documented content strategy, so only 35% can demonstrate ROI of their efforts. To track your program, create a content strategy playbook as an overall guide, create and maintain a content calendar to plan initiatives throughout the year, and document your reporting process to enable analysis of effectiveness and gaps in the program.   

In Friedman’s discussion of a LinkedIn case study, she provided social media do’s and don’ts that included not sending mass spammy messages that show little effort or violate the “connections before transactions” rule.

“You’re all in the environment of meeting people, getting to know them and figuring out how and if your company can help them,” she said. “If that’s your approach in real life, it should also be your approach in the social media realm.” The same can be said for a thoughtfully designed and executed omni-channel content marketing strategy.

For a recording of the August 19 webinar and webinar slides, visit  For information about joining the ELFA Communications Committee, please contact Amy Vogt, VP of Communications & Marketing, at

About ELFA
The Equipment Leasing and Finance Association (ELFA) is the trade association that represents companies in the nearly $1 trillion equipment finance sector, which includes financial services companies and manufacturers engaged in financing capital goods. ELFA members are the driving force behind the growth in the commercial equipment finance market and contribute to capital formation in the U.S. and abroad. Its 580 members include independent and captive leasing and finance companies, banks, financial services corporations, broker/packagers and investment banks, as well as manufacturers and service providers. In 2021, ELFA is celebrating 60 years of equipping business for success. For more information, please visit

### Press Release ############################


A Cute Dog
Phoenix, Arizona  Adopt-a-Dog


ID 46398162
Age: 4 years, 7 months
Large Dog
65 lbs.
Shelter: AAWL & SPCA
Building 6
Adoption Fee: $199.00

My adoption fee already includes:
Spay/Neuter Surgery
Current on all vaccinations
Microchip with free lifetime updates
Free week of online dog training and 20% training classes for the life of animal
4DX testing (dogs 5 months and older)
Access to our behavior helpline for the life of the animal
30 day trial of pet insurance

Hi! My name is Eleanor!

I'm a sweet, affectionate, love bug who will drown you in kisses! I love people and I'm hoping I can find a home where we can hang out all day and give each other kisses. I definitely enjoy my daily walks, but my favorite activities include eating peanut butter and giving kisses. Have I mentioned I really like to give kisses? I'd love to be your new best friend and I can't wait to meet you!


Arizona Animal Welfare League
and SPCA
25 N. 40th St
Phoenix AZ 85034

Make an appointment to meet me at AAWL's Main Shelter!

Click the link below to schedule an appointment:


Medical Marijuana Portal for Veterinarians
in the US Launched

The Veterinary Cannabis Society has unveiled an educational portal and website for marijuana product companies, pet owners and veterinarians. Marijuana in pet care has grown in popularity, which has brought along with it misinformation and confusion, with some products not only causing individuals to waste their money but also negatively affecting pets. In some cases, products may lead to death.

Dogs, in particular, are sensitive to marijuana products that contain THC, which is the main psychoactive compound in marijuana. Cannabis toxicity is a severe medical issue that has been increasing since recreational and medical use of cannabis became legal in various states across the United States.

A study that was recently published in the “Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care” found that between 2005 and 2010, the number of dogs that were treated for cannabis poisoning had more than tripled in Colorado after medical cannabis was legalized in the state. Another study conducted by LeafReport has discovered that almost 60% of the pet products have inaccurate claims on their labels. This is why quality control is crucial for pet products.



SFNET Extends Early Bird Rate to Sept. 10th
77th Annual Convention Nov. 3-5, Phoenix, Arizona

We want to see you at SFNet's 77th Annual Convention, November 3-5, so we have extended our Early Bird price until Sept. 10th. Register soon to save $100 on insightful and illuminating content, unprecedented time for networking and deal making, and the opportunity to re-energize and reconnect in the perfect Arizona weather.

We have also instituted a "No Risk Registration" policy to give you peace of mind and the flexibility to lock in your spot today with an option to cancel your in-person attendance for any reason up to the day before the event. We’ll refund you the difference between our in-person and our virtual price so you can easily convert to online attendance if anything changes between now and November 2nd.        

The convention will also feature over 15 on-demand sessions, multiple live panels and a variety of peer-to-peer roundtables. We've also added a Golf Outing and a 5k Run, both taking place on Wednesday, Nov. 3rd. During the event, we will induct our 2021 Lifetime Achievement Award winners into the SFNet Hall of Fame. For those who are not ready to interact face-to-face, or not yet able to travel, we will provide a virtual attendance option supported by our SFNet Connect platform.

Click on the Details  for agenda, speakers, hotel, and other event information


News Briefs---

PNC Bank increasing its minimum wage to $18 per hour
   40 hours a week $37,440 compared to $15 an hour at $31,200

Moderna vaccine makes twice as many
    antibodies as Pfizer, study says

The U.S. Education Department is investigating
    five states over their mask mandate bans

Google pushes its mandatory return
     to office date into 2022

Firms Estimate Hurricane Ida Could Cause Over $15 Billion in Insured Losses


You May Have Missed---

New Orleans power failures could pose more dangers
     than the hurricane itself, aid workers warn,45bcfc8a951d56c3



Sports Briefs---

Buckley: It’s a bold move to pick Mac Jones over Cam Newton,
     but Bill Belichick has the capital to do it

49ers’ Trey Lance to miss 7 days
    with injury to throwing hand

NFL 2021: Must-see games

U.S. Open Live Updates: News from Day 2

To Play Tennis, Naomi Osaka Finds
      a New Purpose. So Far, So Good.

Western Conference power rankings:
    Where do Warriors stand after free agency?


California Nuts Briefs---

In milestone, over 80% of eligible Californians
    now partially vaccinated against COVID-19

‘There's no way these are going to survive':
    Caldor Fire threatens Berkeley's Echo Lake Camp

Lake Tahoe faces what could be the worst disaster
     in its history. What's at stake?

All national forests in California closed to visitors.
    No Labor Day camping, hiking, biking



“Gimme that Wine”

For some Napa Valley wineries, virtual tastings
     will persist beyond the pandemic

Wine of the week: Marimar Estate, 2020
    Don Miguel Vineyard, Russian River Valley Albariño

Dream internship: Here’s how 2 won a $120,000
     yearlong gig at a Sonoma County winery

11 Expert-Approved Wines to Serve Along
     with Your Rosh Hashanah Dinner

QR codes have replaced restaurant menus.
     Industry experts say it isn’t a fad

The World's Most Expensive Wines

Free Wine App

Wine Prices by vintage


This Day in History

      1676 - Nathaniel Bacon led an uprising against English Governor William Berkeley at Jamestown, Virginia, resulting in the settlement being burned to the ground. Bacon's Rebellion came in response to the governor's repeated refusal to defend the colonists against the Indians.
    1752 – The Liberty Bell arrived in Philadelphia.  Philadelphia's city bell had been used to alert the public to proclamations or civic danger since the city's 1682 founding. The original bell hung from a tree behind the Pennsylvania State House (now Independence Hall) and was said to have been brought to the city by its founder, William Penn. In 1751, with a bell tower being built in the Pennsylvania State House, civic authorities sought a bell of better quality, which could be heard at a greater distance in the rapidly expanding city.  The Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly gave orders to the colony's London agent, Robert Charles, to obtain a "good Bell of about two thousands pound weight." Charles duly ordered the bell from Thomas Lester of the London bell founding firm of Lester and Pack (today, the Whitechapel Bell Foundry).  The bell was mounted on a stand to test the sound, and at the first strike of the clapper, the bell's rim cracked.
    1772 - Mission San Luis Obispo de Tolosa forms in California, the fifth mission established by Father Junipero Serra.
    1773 - Phillis Wheatley's “Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral” was published in London, England. Wheatley's collection was the first volume of poetry by an African-American poet to be published. Often called the "Black Prodigy," she was approximately twenty-one at the time.
    1791 - Birthday of Lydia Sigourney (d. 1865), Norwich, CT.  Writer of more than 67 books and a thousand articles. Recognized as one of the most popular writers of her day, much of her work was concerned with the womanly morals of the day. Before her marriage, she ran a school in Hartford, Connecticut, only writing seriously after her husband's business crumbled. Known as the "Sweet Singer from Hartford," her poems were much sought after by many national publications making her one of the most popular poets of her day.
    1799 – The Manhattan Company opened in New York City.  The ostensible purpose was providing clean water to Lower Manhattan. However, the main interest of the company was in becoming a part of the banking industry in New York. At that time, the banking industry was monopolized by Alexander Hamilton’s Bank of New York and the New York branch of the First Bank of the United States.  Following an epidemic of yellow fever in the city, Aaron Burr founded The Manhattan Company and successfully gained banking privileges through a clause in its charter granted to it by the state that allowed it to use surplus capital for banking transactions. The company merged with Chase National Bank in 1955 to form the Chase Manhattan Bank. It is the earliest of the predecessor institutions that eventually formed the current JPMorgan Chase & Co. 
    1807 - Aaron Burr was acquitted of treason by a circuit court in Richmond, VA., on the grounds that he was not present when an overt act was committed. Pres. Thomas Jefferson, having been warned of Burr's activities with respect to annexation of Spanish territory, had issued a warning on November 27, 1806, to all citizens forbidding any expedition against Spanish territory. Burr had been arrested in Alabama on February 19 and indicted on June 24 on charges of treason.
    1819 - Revolutionizing farming, the first plow with interchangeable parts was patented by John Jethro Wood of Poplar Ridge, NY. His plow substituted cast iron for the wooden moldboard, landside, and standard.
    1821 – The first settlement along the Santa Fe Trail was established by William Becknell.  The Santa Fe Trail was a transportation route opened by the Spaniards at the end of the 18th century and used afterwards by the Americans in the 19th century, crossing the southwest connecting Independence, Missouri with Santa Fe.  The French explorer Pedro Vial pioneered the route in 1792 and the Santa Fe Trail was established to take advantage of new trade opportunities with Mexico which had just won independence from Spain.  The trail was used to haul manufactured goods from the state of Missouri to Santa Fe, which was then in the northern Mexican state of Nuevo Mexico.  The wagon trains followed various emigrant trails to points west as a vital commercial highway until the introduction of the railroad to Santa Fe in 1880.
    1836 - A wagon train of Presbyterian missionaries, led by pioneer missionary Dr. Marcus Whitman, reached the site of modern Walla Walla, WA. Whitman's wife Narcissa became the first white woman to cross the North American continent. In 1847, both Marcus and Narcissa Whitman and 12 others were killed by Indians in what became known as the Whitman Massacre.
    1836 - Reconstruction begins on Synagogue of Rabbi Judah Hasid in Jerusalem.

    1849 - A California convention called by the territory governor, Gen. Bennett Riley, met in Monterey. The convention created a state government without waiting for congressional action. On October 20, the delegates adopted a constitution. On November 13, the constitution was ratified by California voters and a governor and legislative representatives were chosen. Slavery was prohibited.
    1849 - Birthday of Elizabeth Harrison (d. 1927), Athens, KY. American educator who founded the influential Chicago Kindergarten College in Chicago. She also helped in founding the forerunner of the National Congress of Parents and Teachers.
    1859 - The Pullman sleeping car, built by George Pullman's company, Chicago, Illinois, with help from Ben Field, was put into service on the Chicago and Alton Railroad between Bloomington and Chicago. It was “Old No. 9.” It was a reconstructed day coach, little more than half the length of present coaches. Except for the wheels and axles, it was constructed almost entirely of wood. The roof was flat and low. The seats were adamantine. Two small wood burning stoves furnished heat. The illumination was furnished by candles. There was a small lavatory at each end. The drinking faucet supplied water to a non-enclosed washbasin. There were 10 upper and 10 lower berths with mattresses and blankets, but no sheets. The upper berth was suspended about halfway between the floor and ceiling at night, and by day, was drawn up to the ceiling by pulleys
    1852 - Gold dust to the amount of $29,195,965 was shipped East from
San Francisco so far this year. The gold rush was in its heights.
    1861 – Gen. U. S. Grant assumed command of federal forces at Cape Girardeau, MO.
    1863 – Railroad and ferry connection between San Francisco and Oakland inaugurated
    1864 - The Charlottetown Conference began on Prince Edward Island, representing the first steps toward Canadian confederation.
    1864 - In the American Civil War, the Confederates under Gen. John Hood abandoned the city of Atlanta. It was occupied by Gen. Sherman the next day. Controversy exists today about who started the fires. According to local historians, it was the Confederates on their way out of town not wanting to leave supplies and food stuff for the conquering Union Army. However, it should be noted that when Sherman left a town, he did the same thing, burning it so new occupiers could not take advantage of what was left behind. He did this in his march to the Mississippi River particularly. It was General Grant's aim to cut off the supplies to the Confederates from Europe from ships on the East Coast and barges going up the Mississippi River. Atlanta was also the terminal for the Western and Atlantic Railroad, a vital city to the South. (lower half of: )
    1866 - Birthday of James John “Gentleman Jim” Corbett (d. 1933), boxer, born at San Francisco, CA. Corbett boxed 61 rounds against Peter Jackson on May 21,1891, to no decision, but the fight got him a match with heavyweight champion John L. Sullivan. This fight, on September 7, 1892, was the first governed by the Marquis of Queensbury Rules and the first in which the fighters used gloves. Corbett decisioned Sullivan in 21 rounds, using the jab, the punch he invented.
    1867 - Robert T. Freeman was the first Black to graduate from Harvard Dental School. Inexplicably, this honor is sometimes erroneously attributed to Dr. George F. Grant, also an African American dentist and Harvard graduate, who in 1899 designed and patented the first golf tee.
    1869 – In professional baseball, the champion Brooklyn Eckfords began a new Championship series with the ex-champion New York Mutuals. Despite a high wind‚ the Mutuals defeated the Eckfords with 5 runs in the bottom of the 9th to win‚ 28 - 25.
    1872 - The first nurse to receive formal training was Linda Ann Judson Richards, first in a class of five to register as a student nurse at Training School of the New England Hospital for Women and Children, Roxbury, MA. The school offered a one-year program in medical, surgical and obstetric nursing. After graduation, Richards served as night superintendent at Bellevue Hospital, New York City, and as superintendent of the Training School of the Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA. The first trained nurse who was African American was Mary Eliza Mahoney, who graduated in 1879 from the same program.
    1875 - Edgar Rice Burroughs (d. 1950) was born, Chicago.  Author (“Tarzan”) and land developer of Tarzana, California, and mayor of California Beach, California. During World War II, Burroughs served at the age of 66 as a war correspondent in the South Pacific.
    1878 - Emma Nutt reportedly began her professional career in Boston, Massachusetts becoming the first woman telephone operator and continued working as a telephone operator for some 33 years. Previously all operators had been men.
    1887 - A patent was file for by Emile Berliner for his invention, the lateral-cut, flat-disk gramophone; better known as the record player. Emile got the patent, but the glory went to Thomas Edison for making his American invention work.
    1894 - A forest fire driven by high winds burned down the town of Hinkley, MN, killing 418 persons.
    1895 - The first municipal subway was the Tremont Street Subway, Boston, MA, begun on March 28, 1895 and opened for traffic. The subway was built by the City of Boston at a cost of $4,369,000 and leased to the Boston Elevated Railway at an annual rent of 4.5 percent of construction cost. This was also the first time that a subway was built with a shallow tunnel instead of a deep tunnel.
    1897 - Hailstone drifts six feet deep were reported in Washington County, IA.
    1897 – Brooklyn Dodger fans of a certain age will remember Hilda Chester (d. 1978) who was born in Brooklyn.  Possibly the most famous fan in baseball history, she sat in the bleachers at Ebbets Field beginning in the 1920s.  Chester yelled from the stands at players and she gained notice as a large woman in a flower-patterned dress who berated the players in her Brooklyn accent. Soon, writers were giving her passes and she was a regular. A widow of very limited means, she also worked as a hot dog vendor at a local racetrack.  After a heart attack, Chester was the first to use a brass cowbell, donated by the Dodgers, to cheer on her team. When she had a second heart attack, manager Leo Durocher personally visited her in the hospital.
    1902 – Tinkers, Evers and Chance appeared together in the Chicago Orphans lineup for the first time‚ but not in the positions that will earn them immortality.  Chance was a catcher, Tinker was at 3B and Evers at SS.  Later, Chance was moved to 1B, Evers to 2B and Tinker to SS and they turned their first double play on September 15.
    1904 - Birthday of Johnny Mack Brown (d. 1974), at Dothan, AL. Football player and well-known cowboy actor.  Brown played at the University of Alabama and starred on Coach Wallace Wade's undefeated 1925 team that defeated Washington in the 1926 Rose Bowl, 20-19. Brown took a screen test and acted in several dramatic films before appearing in the first of more than 300 westerns, many played on early television in the 1950's (no residuals).
    1905 – Hillerich & Bradsby signed a contract with Honus Wagner and produced the first signature model bat in history.
    1907 – Birthday of labor leader Walter Reuther (d. 1970), Wheeling, WV.  He began working at age 16 at a steel factory and rose to become president of the United Automobile Workers Union and the CIO.  Often at the center of a controversy, he was the target of an assassination in 1948.  The UAW Family Education Center was later named for Walter and Mary Reuther.
    1906 - In the longest game in American League history, both starters, Philadelphia’s Jack Coombs and Boston's Joe Harris went 24 innings. The Athletics would defeat the Boston Red Sox. 4-1.
    1914 - Bloomington, MI is deluged with 9.78 inches of rain in 24 hours to establish a state record.
    1916 - Congress passed “an act to prevent interstate commerce in the products of child labor,” basically become the first federal child labor law. On June 3, 1918, it was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court as an invasion of states' rights.
    1922 - The first daily news program began broadcasting on station WBAY, New York City.
    1923 - Birthday of Rocky Marciano, boxer born Rocco Francis Marchegiano (d. 1969) at Brockton, MA. Marciano used superb conditioning to fashion an impressive record that propelled him to a fight with Jersey Joe Walcott for the heavyweight title on September 23, 1952. Marciano knocked Walcott out, and in 1956, he retired as the only undefeated heavyweight champion.
    1925 - Benjamin D. Chamberlin of Washington, DC received a patent to make glass light bulbs by machine, “an apparatus for gathering glass and the treatment thereof on blowpipes.” Electric light bulbs previously were hand blown. The first frosted electric light bulb for commercial distribution was invented by Marin Pipke of Incandescent Lamp Department of the General Electric Company at Nela Park, OH. He received a patent on October 16, 1928. The first sodium vapor lights were installed on June 13,2933 on the Balltown Road, near Schenectady, NY by the General Electric Company and the New York Power and Light Company. The lamps were monochromatic and glowed in one color, giving 2.5 times the light output of incandescent lamps of the same wattage. The lamp wattage was about 80 to 90 watts and the light output about 4,000 lumens. The first successfully developed fluorescent lamp was made by Arthur Compton at the General Electric Company in Schenectady, NY, in 1934.
    1929 - Birthday of Ila Fox (d. 2000), Callendar, IA. At the age of 25, she became the first licensed native Iowa female pilot. To finance her flying lessons, she dressed in a snappy rendition of the classic aviator costume of boots, trousers and leather jacket to promote the Curtis Flying Service.
    1930 – The New York World reported the disappearance of New York Superior Court Justice Joseph Crater, who vanished August 6, 1930 amid political scandal. He was last seen leaving a restaurant in Manhattan and entered pop culture as one of the most mysterious missing persons cases of the twentieth century. Despite massive publicity, the case was never solved and was officially closed 40 years after he disappeared. His disappearance fueled public disquiet about New York City corruption and was a factor in the downfall of the Tammany Hall political machine. 
    1932 - NYC Mayor James J. "Gentleman Jimmy" Walker resigns (graft charges). The subject of a state investigation of charges of corruption, he resigned before the hearings closed. At the same time, he was causing a scandal over his affair with actress Betty Compton. Walker left for Europe, divorced his wife and married Compton. The couple lived abroad until 1935, when they returned to New York. In 1940, Mayor Fiorello La Guardia, whom Walker had defeated in 1928, named him as arbitrator for the garment industry and "Gentleman Jimmy" became a popular figure on the lecture circuit. Bob Hope played Walker in a 1957 movie, "Beau James."
    1925 - Alto sax player Art Pepper (d. 1982), born Gardena, CA.
    1933 - Songster Conway Twitty was born as Harold Jenkins (d. 1993), Friars Point, Mississippi.  A country music singer, he also had success in rock and roll, rock, R&B and pop. From 1971 to 1976, Twitty received a string of CMA awards for duets with Loretta Lynn. Although never a member of the Grand Ole Opry, he was inducted into both the Country Music Hall of Fame and Rockabilly Hall of Fame.
    1939 - Germany invaded Poland with 1.8 million troops, beginning World War II. The invasion took place one week after the governments of Germany and the Soviet Union signed a secret pact of non-aggression. Two days after the invasion, England and France declared war on Germany. Australia, New Zealand and South Africa soon followed with their own declarations. Poland overwhelmed by German air and land power, was in German and Soviet hands before the month concluded.
    1939 - Comedian Lily Tomlin birthday, born Mary Jean Tomlin, Detroit Michigan. Coincidentally, Emma Nutt became the first female telephone operator this day in 1978. Tomlin is famous for her portrayal of the telephone operator “Ernestine” in “Laugh In.”
    1941 - The first city parking garage was designed by Hassel T. Hicks and opened this day in Welch, WV. It accommodated 232 cars and showed a profit the first year.
    1942 - A federal judge in Sacramento, California upheld the wartime detention of Japanese-Americans as well as Japanese nationals.
    1944 - The movie “Arsenic and Old Lace,” starring Cary Grant, opened in New York.
    1945 - The United States received official word of Japan's formal surrender that ended World War II. In Japan, it was actually September 2nd.
    1947 - Barry Gibb of the Bee Gees is born in Douglas, Isle of Man, U.K.
    1948 – “For the Love of Mary,” a musical-comedy starring Deanna Durbin and Edmond O'Brien, opened in U.S. theaters. Uncomfortable with the fame that came from her popular films, this was Durbin's last film. Durbin, known as "Winnipeg's Sweetheart," her first screen kiss made international headlines. Wanting to "live a normal life," Durbin secluded herself in France. For over 35 years, she had resisted every approach from film companies. Her husband, a film director, told journalists, "The late Mario Lanza pleaded with her for years to make a film with him. But she will never go back to that life." Durbin’s last interview was 1949 and she died in 2013.
    1949 - On NBC-TV "Martin Kane, Private Eye" debuted. Airing on Thursday nights, the show starred William Gargan. "Martin Kane" was a cool, wisecracking mover and shaker who worked closely with the police. He was headquartered at Happy McMann's tobacco shop.
    1951 - Top Hits
“Because of You” - Tony Bennett
“Come on-a My House” - Rosemary Clooney
“Shangai” - Doris Day
“Always Late (With Your Kisses)” - Lefty Frizzell
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Company F, 38th Infantry Regiment. Place and date: Vicinity of Am-Dong, Korea, 1 September 1950. Entered service at: Clinton, Okla. Birth: Vian, Okla. G.O. No.: 8, 16 February 1951. Citation: 1st Lt. Henry, Company F, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. His platoon was holding a strategic ridge near the town when they were attacked by a superior enemy force, supported by heavy mortar and artillery fire. Seeing his platoon disorganized by this fanatical assault, he left his foxhole and moving along the line ordered his men to stay in place and keep firing. Encouraged by this heroic action the platoon reformed a defensive line and rained devastating fire on the enemy, checking its advance. Enemy fire had knocked out all communications and 1st Lt. Henry was unable to determine whether or not the main line of resistance was altered to this heavy attack. On his own initiative, although severely wounded, he decided to hold his position as long as possible and ordered the wounded evacuated and their weapons and ammunition brought to him. Establishing an l-man defensive position, he ordered the platoon's withdrawal and despite his wound and with complete disregard for himself remained behind to cover the movement. When last seen he was single-handedly firing all available weapons so effectively that he caused an estimated 50 enemy casualties. His ammunition was soon expended and his position overrun, but this intrepid action saved the platoon and halted the enemy's advance until the main line of resistance was prepared to throw back the attack. 1st Lt. Henry's outstanding gallantry and noble self-sacrifice above and beyond the call of duty reflect the highest honor on him and are in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the U.S. Army.
    1951 - STORY, LUTHER H., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company A, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Agok, Korea, 1 September 1950. Entered service at: Georgia. Born: 20 July 1931, Buena Vista, Ga. G.O. No.: 70, 2 August 1951. Citation: Pfc. Story distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action. A savage daylight attack by elements of 3 enemy divisions penetrated the thinly held lines of the 9th Infantry. Company A beat off several banzai attacks but was bypassed and in danger of being cut off and surrounded. Pfc. Story, a weapons squad leader, was heavily engaged in stopping the early attacks and had just moved his squad to a position overlooking the Naktong River when he observed a large group of the enemy crossing the river to attack Company A. Seizing a machine gun from his wounded gunner he placed deadly fire on the hostile column killing or wounding an estimated 100 enemy soldiers. Facing certain encirclement the company commander ordered a withdrawal. During the move Pfc. Story noticed the approach of an enemy truck loaded with troops and towing an ammunition trailer. Alerting his comrades to take cover he fearlessly stood in the middle of the road, throwing grenades into the truck. Out of grenades he crawled to his squad, gathered up additional grenades and again attacked the vehicle. During the withdrawal the company was attacked by such superior numbers that it was forced to deploy in a rice field. Pfc. Story was wounded in this action, but, disregarding his wounds, rallied the men about him and repelled the attack. Realizing that his wounds would hamper his comrades he refused to retire to the next position but remained to cover the company's withdrawal. When last seen he was firing every weapon available and fighting off another hostile assault. Private Story's extraordinary heroism, aggressive leadership, and supreme devotion to duty reflect the highest credit upon himself and were in keeping with the esteemed traditions of the military service.
    1952 - SMITH, DAVID M., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company E, 9th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Yongsan, Korea, 1 September 1950. Entered service at: Livingston, Ky. Born: 10 November 1926, Livingston, Ky. G.O. No.: 78, 21 August 1952. Citation: Pfc. Smith distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and outstanding courage above and beyond the call of duty in action. Pfc. Smith was a gunner in the mortar section of Company E, emplaced in rugged mountainous terrain and under attack by a numerically superior hostile force. Bitter fighting ensued and the enemy overran forward elements, infiltrated the perimeter, and rendered friendly positions untenable. The mortar section was ordered to withdraw, but the enemy had encircled and closed in on the position. Observing a grenade lobbed at his emplacement, Pfc. Smith shouted a warning to his comrades and, fully aware of the odds against him, flung himself upon it and smothered the explosion with his body. Although mortally wounded in this display of valor, his intrepid act saved 5 men from death or serious injury. Pfc. Smith's inspirational conduct and supreme sacrifice reflect lasting glory on himself and are in keeping with the noble traditions of the infantry of the U.S. Army.
    1952 - Television's longest running daytime variety show as hosted by Art Linkletter. This blend of talk and audience participation started on radio. In 1968, the show was renamed the “Linkletter Show” and moved from the afternoon to a morning slot. The series was well known for its daily interview with four schoolchildren. Later Art Linkletter had a separate show, “Kids Say the Darndest Things,” that ran from 1945-69.
    1955 - Temperature at Los Angeles, CA reached 110 degrees, the hottest on record for that city
    1955 - Alan Freed's First Anniversary Rock 'n Roll Party kicks off at the Paramount Theater in Brooklyn, New York. Among those appearing on the bill are Chuck Berry, Tony Bennett, The Nutmegs, The Rhythmettes, The Cardinals and The Four Voices.
    1955 - Herman Wouk's novel, “Marjorie Morningstar,” was published in New York by Doubleday.
    1956 - Elvis Presley shares his success with his family by purchasing his mother a pink Cadillac.
    1957 - Singer Gloria Estefan born Havana, Cuba.
    1957 – The Yankees purchased the contract of Sal Maglie from the Dodgers.  He is the last man to play for all three New York teams.
    1959 - Top Hits
“Sea of Love” - Phil Phillips
“Sleep Walk” - Santo & Johnny
“I'm Gonna Get Married” - Lloyd Price
“The Three Bells” - The Browns
    1962 - Tommy Roe had his first number one hit when "Sheila" reached the top of the US Pop chart. The record was a re-recorded version of a song that was first released in 1960 when Roe was part of a group called The Satins. Roe's recording success would continue until 1971, during which time he had five more Top 10 hits.
    1964 - Southpaw reliever Masanori Murakami became the first Major League player from Japan when he debuted for the San Francisco Giants against the New York Mets at Shea Stadium. His first 11 innings were scoreless.
    1967 - Guitarist Boz Scaggs joins the San Francisco based Steve Miller Band. Scaggs stays with the group through two albums ("Children of the Future" and "Sailor") before heading out on a solo career in 1969.
    1967 - Top Hits
“Ode to Billie Joe” - Bobbie Gentry
“Pleasant Valley Sunday” - The Monkees
“Baby I Love You” - Aretha Franklin
“I'll Never Find Another You” - Sonny James
    1968 - JONES, WILLIAM A., III, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Colonel, U.S. Air Force, 602d Special Operations Squadron, Nakon Phanom Royal Thai Air Force Base, Thailand. Place and date: Near Dong Hoi, North Vietnam, 1 September 1968. Entered service at: Charlottesville, Va. Born: 31 May 1922, Norfolk, Va. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Col. Jones distinguished himself as the pilot of an A-1H Skyraider aircraft near Dong Hoi, North Vietnam. On that day, as the on-scene commander in the attempted rescue of a downed U.S. pilot, Col. Jones' aircraft was repeatedly hit by heavy and accurate antiaircraft fire. On one of his low passes, Col. Jones felt an explosion beneath his aircraft and his cockpit rapidly filled with smoke. With complete disregard of the possibility that his aircraft might still be burning, he unhesitatingly continued his search for the downed pilot. On this pass, he sighted the survivor and a multiple-barrel gun position firing at him from near the top of a karst formation. He could not attack the gun position on that pass for fear he would endanger the downed pilot. Leaving himself exposed to the gun position, Col. Jones attacked the position with cannon and rocket fire on 2 successive passes. On his second pass, the aircraft was hit with multiple rounds of automatic weapons fire. One round impacted the Yankee Extraction System rocket mounted directly behind the headrest, igniting the rocket. His aircraft was observed to burst into flames in the center fuselage section, with flames engulfing the cockpit area. He pulled the extraction handle, jettisoning the canopy. The influx of fresh air made the fire burn with greater intensity for a few moments, but since the rocket motor had already burned, the extraction system did not pull Col. Jones from the aircraft. Despite searing pains from severe burns sustained on his arms, hands, neck, shoulders, and face, Col. Jones pulled his aircraft into a climb and attempted to transmit the location of the downed pilot and the enemy gun position to the other aircraft in the area. His calls were blocked by other aircraft transmissions repeatedly directing him to bail out and within seconds his transmitters were disabled and he could receive only on 1 channel. Completely disregarding his injuries, he elected to fly his crippled aircraft back to his base and pass on essential information for the rescue rather than bail out. Col. Jones successfully landed his heavily damaged aircraft and passed the information to a debriefing officer while on the operating table. As a result of his heroic actions and complete disregard for his personal safety, the downed pilot was rescued later in the day. Col. Jones' profound concern for his fellow man at the risk of his life, above and beyond the call of duty, are in keeping with the highest traditions of the U.S. Air Force and reflect great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country.
    1969 - Birthday of “Chicken Boy,” saved from destruction May 4, 1984. Chicken Boy is a 22-foot statue of a boy with a chicken's head, holding a bucket of chicken. Formerly the mascot for the restaurant for which he is named, he was rescued from destruction when the restaurant went out of business.  Future Studio of Los Angeles, a graphic design studio, saved the statue. Chicken Boy has since become a pop culture Icon in Southern California (some call him the Statue of Liberty of Los Angeles.)
    1970 – The U.S. Senate rejects the McGovern-Hatfield amendment by a vote of 55-39. This legislation, proposed by Senators George McGovern of South Dakota and Mark Hatfield of Oregon, would have set a deadline of December 31, 1971 for complete withdrawal of American troops from South Vietnam.
    1971 - It was a Major League Baseball first when Pittsburgh Pirates manager, Danny Murtaugh, gave his lineup card to the umpire containing the names of nine black baseball players. The Pirates then became the first Major League team to start an all-black team; the lineup included infielders Al Oliver (1b), Rennie Stennet (2b), Jackie Hernandez (ss) Dave Cash (3b) and outfielders Willie Stargell (lf), Gene Clines (cf), Roberto Clemente (rf) with Dock Ellis (p) and Manny Sanguillen (c) making up the battery.
    1972 - For "Back Stabbers," the O'Jays earned a gold record. The song was the group from Canton, Ohio first hit. The O'Jays would have nine more hits on the pop and R&B charts over the years, five of which earned gold records: "Love Train," "I Love Music," "Use ta Be My Girl," "For the Love of Money" and "Put Your Hands Together".
    1972 - Robert "Bobby" Fischer, United States chess player, defeated Soviet player Boris Spassky in Reykjavik, Iceland, becoming the United States' first player to officially win the World Chess Championship. Fisher's strange demands during tournaments, off-the-wall antics, and unexplained forfeiture of his world title brought him a notoriety uncharacteristic to most chess champions.
    1973 - Braulio Baeza, horse-racing jockey, won two races at New York's Belmont Park. Baeza then got on a plane and flew to Liberty Bell race track in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania where he rode Determined King to a win in the Kindergarten Stakes.
    1973 - Bob Dylan's soundtrack to the film, "Pat Garrett and Billy The Kid" enters the LP charts. It includes "Knockin' On Heaven's Door."
    1975 - Top Hits
“Get Down Tonight” - K.C. & The Sunshine Band
“How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved by You)” - James Taylor
“At Seventeen” - Janis Ian
“Rhinestone Cowboy” - Glen Campbell
    1975 - It was the final broadcast of "Monday Night Baseball" on NBC-TV when Montreal's Expos beat the Philadelphia Phillies 6-5. In 1976, ABC-TV picked up the games.
    1977 - Bobby C. Wilks became the first African American in the Coast Guard to reach the rank of captain. He was also the first African American Coast Guard aviator (Coast Guard aviator No. 735). He later became the first African American to command a Coast Guard air station. He accumulated over 6,000 flight hours in 18 different types of aircraft. He was also the project officer for the Sikorsky HH-3 helicopter when they were first delivered in the 1960s.
    1977 - Blondie singer Debbie Harry signed a recording deal with Chrysalis Records who bought the group's private stock label for $500,000. Blondie is often not thought of as a band, but rather just Debbie Harry, the former Playboy Bunny.
    1979 - The United States unmanned spacecraft Pioneer II, launched in 1973, transmitted data to earth after coming within 12,560 miles of Saturn's clouds.
    1979 - LA Court orders Clayton Moore to stop wearing Lone Ranger mask. There were no TV residuals in the early days, so Moore took to entertaining birthday parties as the Long Ranger and making appearances wearing the Long Ranger mask.  The Wrather Corp., which owned "The Lone Ranger" television series and the rights to the character, obtained a court order to stop Moore from appearing in public dressed as "The Lone Ranger," specifically prohibiting him from wearing the ranger's signature mask. The Wrather Corp. intended to produce a new "Lone Ranger" film and didn't want fans to be confused. Instead, fans were incensed about the treatment of Moore, and circulated petitions to allow him to wear the mask again. Moore continued to make appearances, however, wearing wrap-around sunglasses instead. When the film, "The Legend of the Lone Ranger" (1981), starring Klinton Spilsbury, was released, it was a huge critical and commercial failure. The Wrather Corp. gave in to public pressure in 1984 and allowed Moore to wear the mask again. When Moore died in 1999, the company arranged for the saddle Moore used as "The Lone Ranger" to be displayed at his memorial service.
    1979 - A home in Centerville, TN was hit by lightning and totally destroyed. It marked the third time that the house had been hit by lightning since being built in 1970.
    1983 - Top Hits
“Every Breath You Take” - The Police
“Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)” - Eurythmics
“Maniac” - Michael Sembello
“You're Gonna Ruin My Bad Reputation” - Ronnie McDowell
    1984 - Tina Turner's "What's Love Got To Do With It" peaks at #1 on the pop chart.
    1985 - A joint United States-French expedition located the wreck of the Titanic roughly 560 miles off the coast of Newfoundland. The "unsinkable" ocean-liner sunk in 1912 after hitting an iceberg. Twelve years after the wreck's location, the movie “Titanic” went on to break box office records.
    1985 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "St. Elmo's Fire (Man in Motion)," John Parr. The week this song from the film "St. Elmo's Fire" hits No. 1 marks the first time that songs from motion pictures hold the top three positions on the Billboard Hot 100. Huey Lewis' "The Power of Love" from the film "Back to the Future" is No. 2 and Tina Turner's "We Don't Need Another Hero" from "Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome" is in the third slot.
    1986 - At his annual telethon on Labor Day weekend, Jerry Lewis raised a record $34 million for Muscular Dystrophy.  The telethon was held beginning in 1966 and would raise $2.45 billion for MDA from its inception through 2009.  Lewis died on August 20, 2017.
    1987 - Cool Canadian air invaded the Midwest. Six cities reported record low temperatures for the date, including Indianapolis with a reading of 44 degrees. Hot weather continued in the northwestern U.S. Five cities reported record high temperatures for the date, including Hanover, WA, where the mercury soared to 106 degrees.
    1989 - The air bag requirement by the federal government took effect: all newly manufactured cars were required to have air bags installed on the driver's side.
    1989 - Chris Evert defeated Patricia Tarabini, 6-2, 5-4, in an early round of the US Open tennis tournament. The victory made Evert, playing in her final US Open, the first 100-match winner in the 108 years of US national tennis championship competition.
    1991 - Top Hits
“(Everything I Do) I Do It for You” - Bryan Adams
“Fading Like a Flower (Every Time You Leave)” - Roxette
“Wind of Change” - Scorpions
“You Know Me Better Than That” - George Strait
    1995 - Jazz trumpeter and vocalist Louis Armstrong is honored on a U.S. postage stamp. The sale is kicked off with a jazz festival in New Orleans featuring Wynton Marsalis, Al Hirt, Doc Cheatham and other jazz stars.
    1995 – The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, designed by I. M. Pei, opened in Cleveland.  The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation was established on April 20, 1983, by Atlantic Records founder and chairman Ahmet Ertegun. In 1986, Cleveland was chosen as the Hall of Fame's permanent home. Since opening, the "Rock Hall has hosted more than 10 million visitors and had a cumulative economic impact estimated at more than $1.8 billion.  Cleveland lobbied for the location since WJW disc jockey Alan Freed both coined the term "rock and roll" and heavily promoted the new genre, and that Cleveland was the location of Freed's Moondog Coronation Ball, the first major rock and roll concert. 
    1997 - In France, the prosecutor's office said the driver of the car in which Princess Diana was killed, was over the legal alcohol limit.
    1998 - Vietnam released 5,000 prisoners, including political dissidents, on National Day.
    1998 - The film “Titanic” was released on video, amidst much media attention. Millions of tapes were distributed, and many stores across the nation were opened at midnight for the anticipated crowds wanting to purchase the tape.
    1998 - David Bowie opens his on-line internet service provider business, Bowienet. The service offers basic internet services and exclusive Bowie news and releases.
    2001 - Cubs slugger Sammy Sosa hits the longest home run in Turner Field history as his 53rd of the season travels 471 feet to straight away center. The historic homer comes in the first inning off four-time Cy Young Award winner Greg Maddux. Questions linger today, was it a cork center bat or just the PEDs?
    2005 - The first busloads of Hurricane Katrina refugees, formerly housed at the SuperDome in New Orleans, begin to arrive early this morning at Houston's Astrodome. The former home of the Astros will afford the displaced an opportunity to escape the unhealthy horrendous conditions of their former shelter by supplying air conditioning, cots, food and showers for eventual 25,000 people who expected from Louisiana.
    2005 - Fats Domino, 77 years old, was rescued from the flooding in New Orleans caused by Hurricane Katrina. He had earlier told his agent that he planned to remain in his home despite the order to evacuate.
    2005 - Veteran performer Olivia Newton-John released a studio album specifically for sale as part of a Hallmark program in support of breast cancer awareness month. "Stronger Than Before" is to be available Sept. 1-Oct. 31 exclusively through Hallmark Gold Crown stores. The CD retails for $9.95 with two dollars from each sale benefiting the Susan G. Komen Breast Cancer Foundation.
    2007 - In one of the biggest upsets in college football history, 109,218 fans see Appalachian State's Corey Lynch block a Jason Gingell 37-yard field goal attempt with 6 seconds remaining to inspire an epic 34-32 win vs. Michigan at Ann Arbor.
    2011 - A state of emergency was declared by Louisiana Governor Bobby Jindal after Tropical Storm Lee in the northern Gulf of Mexico.  Damage total was estimated to be around $1.6 billion.
    2012 - U.S. National Park officials notified 3,100 recent visitors of an outbreak of Hantavirus sourced to tent cabins in Yosemite National Park.
    2014 - Apple's new iPhone included a near-field communication chip, making mobile payments easier.  It was released for sale later this month.  The mobile payment market for goods and services exceeded $300B globally by 2013.
     2019 - Houston Astros starter Justin Verlander strikes out 14 as he throws his third career no-hitter in a 2-0 decision against the Toronto Blue Jays.



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