Monday, February 3, 2014
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Bank Failure in Boise, Idaho
The six branches and two mortgage offices of Syringa Bank, Boise Idaho, were closed with Sunwest Bank, Irvine, California, to assume all of the deposits. Syringa was established February 24, 1997 and had 60 full time employees as of September 31, 2013. They had two offices in Boise and one office each at Eagle, Lewiston, Meridian, and Middleton. In 2007, the bank had 97 full time employees.
It is the second state-chartered Idaho bank to close since 1986. First Bank of Idaho, a federally regulated savings bank in Ketchum, was closed in 2009.
As of December 31, 2013: Tier 1 risk-based capital ratio 2.57%
Syringa Bancorp shares in 2007 were $14 a share, when they had a high equity of $41.7 million. Friday the shares were trading at $2 cents a share, then the FDIC closed the bank.
The bank in 2010 was put under regulatory order after it lost $26.9 million in 2009, following two years of high non-current loans, $23.6 million in 2008 and $14.6 million in 2009.
"Syringa Bank put forward two plans in 2011 and 2012 to boost its capital reserves to meet concerns of state and federal regulators who ordered improvements in September 2010. The regulators rejected both plans...Syringa raised $10.7 million from investors a year ago, but that money cannot flow into the bank as capital until Syringa meets a series of requirements, said Scott Gibson, bank president and CEO and a member of the boards of the bank and its holding company. He declined to discuss the requirements."
2012 the bank was again told to improve in strong language, but at year the net equity went down to $5.7 million from its high of $41.7 in 2007. The bank charged off $1 million and while non-current loans were down to $4.7 million, net profit was again off, this time $2.5 million.
Certainly the statistics below indicate both the construction/land
Single-family new house construction building permits:
(in millions, unless otherwise)
As of September 30, 2013, Syringa Bank had approximately $153.4 million in total assets and $145.1 million in total deposits. Sunwest Bank will pay the FDIC a premium of 0.75 percent to assume all of the deposits of Syringa Bank. In addition to assuming all of the deposits of the Syringa Bank, Sunwest Bank agreed to purchase essentially all of the failed bank's assets.
The FDIC estimates that the cost to the Deposit Insurance Fund (DIF) will be $4.5 million
List of Bank Failures:
Leasing News Bank Beat:
“Learning about the Employer”
Question: I am going to be interviewing next week, what is the best course of action to gather information about the company?
Answer: Research is an essential first step in the interview process– it will help you customize your interview questions and target your answers
Some Facts you Should Know
Corporate office location, other branch / subsidiary information, relative size, annual sales / income, overall structure (departments, etc…), history, recent developments concerning the company / products or services, and other information may be found on a public company. How valuable that is to you depends on the position you are applying for.
To gather objective information you can research using various periodicals / publications and – of course - the company’s website which will give you access to an abundance of information. Note that a majority of new jobs are created by smaller companies, and you may not learn much about them from most standard resources. Start with their web site, then go to LinkedIn. Also try Facebook, and even Twitter. Many companies have these so called social sites.
If you want to learn more, I also highly recommend:
If the company is on LinkedIn.com, see if you know one of the employees. Telephone them, rather than sending an email that may contain something you might not have wanted to write.
Depending on how much you want to know, do the same for one or more of their competitors. Often the competitor can tell you more about the company than anything on line.
As a result of your research, you should know several important things about your potential employer, including key products and markets, their history, why you might enjoy working for the company.
Do your homework and you will have an advantage over your competition!
Career Crossroads Previous Columns
"So You Want to be a Sales Manager"
Being a sales manager in the commercial leasing business begins with the ability to hire the correct people. A lot of people want to be in sales, but it is only a few that make it, and finding the right people is difficult. The first requirement is to define your markets and look for sales people that understand those markets.
I know that the leasing industry thinks knowing finance and pricing is the first prerequisite for being a lease sales person. However this can be taught. I think one of the most important talents is hiring someone that understands the equipment, its use, and the businesses it serves. If the salesperson can talk the language of the market, he has a better chance to influence the customers.
Next if the salesperson understands the market, the leasing company needs to back up the sales effort with tools and research. Training and direction are critical to a sucessful sales effort. But directing their sales effort in the right direction is just as important and that is the salesmangers responsability. Then goals need to be established so performance can be determined to weed out the poor performers.
Over time the salesmen need to understand all forms of leasing regardless of which leasing types you offer. The more they know, the better they can find reasons for the lessee to chose your proposals. Training is a constant requirement so the salesmanager needs to be a good teacher.
If you need to have levels of performance that are recognized as above average and then you need to create some form of reward and regognition. Most salespeople I have met look forward to the spotlight---almost as much as the money.
Whatever goals you create for the salespeople, they need to be short term. The longer term just delays the results and does not give you a good review of performance. I suggest no longer than quarterly. Annual goals are acceptable, but if they meet the quarterly goals the annual goal takes care of itself.
I like sales reports or calling cards (today it can be done on a computer) that are reviewed with a sales manager on a weekly basis.
There are a myriad CRM platforms...SalesForce, ACT!, Goldmine...this valuable function is automated and standardized so the completion of basic call reports, calendaring follow-ups, forecasting, and pipeline reality checks is easily executed by sales reps in a short amount of time. These reports become available realtime to the Manager allowing midstream action immediately.
It can be done on a monthly basis after the salesperson is very productive. It tells you a lot about the quality of the sales calls and the direction the salesperson takes. Keeping you informed lets you know if the salesperson is going to be successful or is contacting the right markets. In addition if the salesperson leaves tour company you will have a record of who to contact to keep the sales effort alive.
Good sales people have large egos and need to be given attention to their achievements, but not so much as to allow them to take control. Unhappy salespeople always are on the lookout for a new home. I like steady performers and not star performers because in the long run they stay and help the compay grow. Star performers flash for a while and then are gone. A good sales manager recognizes the stars and focuses on keeping them motivated and should be able to sense unrest. Losing a star is never positive and does not reflect well on a manager’s people skills...prima donnas excepted.
It is expensive to hire and replace sales people. Good sales managers are well organized and should not be the best salesman promoted to the job. Being the best salesman does not mean the person will be a sales manager. Their talents are best in directing people, acting as a good teacher--- and keeping everyone going in the same direction. In addition, they must be a good people person--- and able to handle crisis after crisis.
Some people think a sales manager needs to help close the lease transactions, but it takes away the importance of the salesperson and renders them inefective. In the car industry, a closer is not the sales manager, but another sales person. Don’t confuse the two.
A good sales manager is very diffuclt to find.
Mr. Terry Winders, CLP, has been a teacher, consultant, expert witness for the leasing industry for thirty-five years and can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or 502-649-0448
He invites your questions and queries.
Previous #102 Columns:
(This ad is a “trade” for the writing of this column. Opinions
Leasing Industry Help Wanted
Leasing News Advisor
Shawn Halladay has been a frequent contributor of articles, particularly regarding accounting, changes to FASB rules, tax rulings, as well as covering several of the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association events and conferences. He joined the Leasing News Advisory Board on April 17, 2006.
Shawn D. Halladay
Shawn is Managing Director of The Alta Group's Professional Development practice area and has authored or co-authored eight books on equipment leasing, including "A Guide to Equipment Leasing," "A Guide to Accounting for Leases" and "The Handbook of Equipment Leasing."
His professional expertise stretches across all leasing sectors and around the globe. Based in Salt Lake City, Utah, he has served lessors throughout North and South America, Africa, Asia, and Europe, providing training in all aspects of equipment leasing. His consulting services include implementing best practices, benchmarking studies, strategic planning, leasing system selection and implementation, litigation support, accounting, and quantitative analyses.
He likes to travel as an excuse to attend soccer games, one of his passions.
Story Credit Lessors--Updated
These companies specialize in "C" and "D" credits, often new businesses, or businesses where the principal(s) have Beacon score around 600 or have had previous difficulties. To become comfortable with the credit and financial situation, you need to learn the "story" to make a positive decision, often requiring further security, shorter term, or additional guarantors. Many of these companies may also have programs for “A” and “B” rated companies, but their specialty is not being a “cookie cutter” and often require full financial statements and tax returns as well as a “story about the company, its history, goals, circumstances” to fully understand the full financial picture.
Also listed below the dollar amounts are companies that who are known for accepting "subprime leasing." The difference is not the circumstances that a story tells, but a credit that has just not been running his business efficiently.
To qualify for this list, the company must be a funder (as qualified by Leasing News and on the “Funder List” …and not a "Broker/Lessor" or "Super Broker/Lessor", along with an acceptable Better Business Bureau Rating and no history of complaints at Leasing News, as well as notifying lessees in advance when the lease will end and what the residual will be, specifically not automating extra lease payments, or insisting their discounter follow the same policy. We reserve the right to not list a company who does not meet these qualifications.
Leasing News encourages companies who are listed to contact us for any change or addition they would like to make. Leasing News encourages these firms to add further information as an "attachment" or clarification of what they have to offer.
Full Story Credit Listing
Federal Express Tagged for Illegally Terminating Equipment
Federal Express Leased Transportation Equipment from Independent Drivers Subject to 30 Day Written Termination Clause. When Federal Express Orally Terminated Leases, Court of Appeals Found Action Illegal and Certified the Matter for a Class Action.
Britt Green Trucking v FedEx National, 2013 WL 709830 (11th Cir. 2013)
I think I recall that Federal Express operated many of its routes using independent contractors, and that there were some employment law issues with that practice. In today’s case, FedEx decided to terminate the relationships but did so orally in complete derogation of the lease. The 11th Circuit found the practice to be illegal and held the matter was appropriate for class certification.
FedEx decided in 2006 to essentially lease employees and their trucks. Using the legal structure of a lease, FedEx leased trucks from independent contractors, who agreed to wear FedEx uniforms, display logos and signage on the trucks, and keep the trucks maintained and insured. In exchange, FedEx agreed to pay the independent contractors on a load and distance basis. The lease allowed FedEx to terminate the lease on 30 days written notice to the independent contractors.
For reasons undisclosed in the opinion, FedEx decided to terminate this relationship with the truckers. In some instances, the termination was accomplished orally. In other instances, FedEx did not per se terminate the lease, but instead simply informed the independent contractors that they would not be receiving any new loads. Since the payments on the lease were based on loads, the truckers lease was effectively terminated.
The truckers sued and sought certification of the matter as a class action. FedEx moved for summary judgment and sought dismissal, based on the theory that the promise to terminate only on written notice was inconsequential and illusory. The lower court agreed with FedEx and held that the determination of the lease termination was so individual that mini trials would be necessary and thus, there were no common issues of fact and law. The lower court also held that the promise for written termination was inconsequential. The case was dismissed. The truckers appealed.
On appeal, the 11th Circuit held that the mutual promises in the lease were not inconsequential and no matter how slight the promise for written termination might have been, the truckers could pursue a breach of contract action against FedEx. Consequentially, the 11th Circuit reinstated the case and certified the matter as a class action.
Ultimately, the lessons for an equipment lessor may be obvious.
First, words matter. The lessor (or lessee for that matter) needs to read, understand, and adhere to the terms of the contract, no matter how slight. Words matter, and close is often close enough.
Second, class actions are expensive legal proceedings. While one has to admire FedEx’s aggressive defense, the game is probably over now, and I would expect that this case will quickly settle before any motion for class certification is made.
Tom McCurnin is a partner at Barton, Klugman & Oetting in Los Angeles, California.
Federal Express Leasing Case:
Previous Tom McCurnin Articles:
##### Press Release ############################
Victory for Small Businesses Accusing D&B of Defamation
Federal Judge Refuses to Dismiss Class Action
CLEVELAND, -- United States District Court Judge Thomas S. Zilly of the Western District of Washington has ruled that a class action lawsuit against Dun & Bradstreet (D&B) will go forward. The lawsuit accuses Dun & Bradstreet of orchestrating a scheme to falsify credit reports in order to defame and cause significant harm to small businesses. Judge Zilly denied Dun & Bradstreet's motion to throw the case out of court in his recent order after hearing argument from the attorneys on January 9, 2014.
Jack Landskroner, Attorney
"The case is built upon evidence drawn from the experience of businesses across the country who found themselves with consistently false and inaccurate information placed on their D&B credit reports," said the plaintiff's attorney Jack Landskroner, from the Cleveland, Ohio-based law firm, Landskroner Grieco Merriman. “ When confronted by affected businesses, D&B refuses to identify the sources of such false information and instead directs customers to buy a product called 'Creditbuilder,' from the Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corp. (DBCC), to improve their credit reputation---But at a cost," he added.
"Access to credit is the lifeline for small business and the implications of false and inaccurate data on a credit report can ruin a company," said attorney Chris Collins, a partner at Robbins Geller Rudman & Dowd in San Diego, California, who also represents the plaintiff in the case; O & R Construction. O & R is a small Seattle-based construction company owned by a husband and wife who found and subsequently challenged false information on their credit report. The false report was eventually removed but not before damage was done to their business, according to the original complaint. The class action lawsuit was filed against both Dun & Bradstreet and the spin-off corporation, DBCC. The suit claims that "D&B is manipulating thousands of unsuspecting small businesses across the country in this manner."
Although the most recent Amended Complaint filed in Case No. 2:12-cv-02184 has been filed under seal, documents previously filed in the case outline how the purported scam is played out. D&B sold off a line of its business self-awareness products to DBCC in 2010 to market a credit repair service called "Credit Builder." Small companies pay $799 to $1599 per year to correct alleged errors in the D&B credit database, to add positive references to their D&B file, and to improve their D&B credit score. DBCC claims it "provides the only real solution available to companies looking to monitor and impact their business credit profile." "In reality, the Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corp. is the marketing end of the operation which leverages the false D&B data to make the sale," said attorney Collins. After D&B places erroneous information on a company's credit report, the telemarketers at DBCC pressure small business owners to pay up to remedy the impact of the falsified reports created by D&B.
"This is a nationwide shakedown," said attorney Landskroner. "Business owners feel like the guy who lit their building on fire is now trying to sell them a water hose."
Before spinning off the Dun & Bradstreet Credibility Corp. in 2010, D&B was sued for using high pressure, bait-and-switch tactics to market a similar credit monitoring product called "Self Awareness Solutions." "The only thing that has really changed is that now there is a go between company doing the arm-twisting," said attorney Collins.
### Press Release ############################
### Press Release ############################
Solid Recovery in the January Credit Managers' Index
The numbers reported in the National Association of Credit Management’s CMI report for January are encouraging, indicating that December was likely the anomaly as all indices improved and are out of the contraction zone.
January’s reading for the Credit Managers’ Index (CMI) from the National Association of Credit Management (NACM) rebounded to 57.3, the highest point reached in over a year and even more robust than the 57.1 notched in November. This now begs the question, “which of the last three months is signaling the real trend?”
The November CMI hit a two-year high followed by a December low that took the index back to summer levels and now the January is back to highs not seen in two years. In December, there was a palpable gloom falling over the economy where the data was concerned. The December CMI recorded a low not seen since July and it looked as if all the gains that started to accumulate in the third and fourth quarters were evaporating. The January data dispels that mood a little.
The factors comprising the CMI provide more insight. All of the favorable factors improved in January. Sales regained some of its former momentum and climbed back into the 60s to 61.5 after falling to 58.7 last month. Granted, this is still on the low end of the 60s, but is trending in a more positive direction. New credit applications rose from 57.2 to 58.2, with the biggest improvement occurring in dollar collections, which jumped from 58.7 to 60.9, its first time over 60 since October. There was also a very significant jump in amount of credit extended from 62.6 to 65.4, marking its first time cresting over 65 since May.
Finally, amount of credit extended hasn’t been this high in almost three years and shows that credit is far more accessible now than it has been in some time. The favorable factor index regained a little of its luster and is back in the 60s with a fairly comfortable margin of 61.5 compared to December’s 59.3.
The unfavorable factor index also provided some good news. The majority of the factors showed improvement and some truly regained the momentum that had been building in the months prior to December. Rejections of credit applications remained stable, moving up from 54.5 to 54.6, which is certainly better than the stagnant course recorded in the last few months.
The reading hit the bottom of a downward trend in May at 50.8 and barely budged from June on. Accounts placed for collection improved quite a bit from 53.4 to 55.2, suggesting the little slump recorded at the end of the year did not force many companies into a state of distress. There was similar improvement in disputes from 50.7 to 52.2, which washed away end-of-year worries that struggling companies would be pushed over the edge and would start to become a challenge from a collection point of view.
Dollar amount beyond terms was one of the big gainers, jumping out of contraction territory from December’s 49.7 to January’s 52.8. Finally, dollar amount of customer deductions stayed almost the same, improving very slightly from 51.5 to 51.6 and filings for bankruptcies posted a nice improvement from 59.0 to 60.5. Overall, the unfavorable factor index steadied more than many had expected with its bump from 53.1 to 54.5.
“The numbers posted in the December CMI were anything but inspiring and seemed to match a general lack of enthusiasm in the economy,” said NACM Economist Chris Kuehl, PhD. “It was suggested that the low reading was likely an anomaly and, with the rebound in January, it now appears this is the case. The next set of data will attract a lot of attention as analysts seek to determine whether there is a clear trend back to more positive readings and if this will occur on a more consistent basis."
ABOUT THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF CREDIT MANAGEMENT
#### Press Release #############################
(Leasing News provides this ad “gratis” as a means
English Springer Spaniel
Hershey' will be a year old next month. He is a wonderful dog. He is full of life and overflowing with boundless energy. He needs an active family, who has the time and energy to keep up with him and who has the time to spend training him. Training is an absolute must with this dog. Since I have had him and spent some time working with him, I have already seen improvement in his behavior. He really wants to please, but sometimes his enthusiasm gets in the way. He is an absolute love bug. He loves playing with the other dogs. He has not been loose with the cats, but I am sure he would chase, given the chance. Older children would be fine, as long as they are not afraid of an overly enthusiastic dog. Training is a definite must with this dog and is a requirement for adoption. An adoption fee does apply.
For more information contact Crys at 559-338-0206 (M-F) or 623-206-7460 -- cell (weekends -- please be patient if calling on the weekends, as it is sometimes hard for me to answer calls while doing adoptions or during training classes. Texting is best).
Adoptions are held most weekends at the following locations: Saturday's in San Ramon at Petco on Crow Canyon Blvd from 11-4. 1st and 4th Sunday's in Danville at the Pet Food Express on San Ramon Rd from 10-4. 2nd and 3rd Sunday's in Walnut Creek at the Pet Food Express on S California from 10-4.
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This Day in History
1690-Massachusetts established a provincial bank and issued money in denominations from two shillings to five pounds to pay the soldiers who served in the war with Quebec. This was the first instance of issuing “paper money.” Until 1690, the North American colonies had dealt primarily in coinage. Silver and gold were rather rare, so colonists generally used unofficial coins, or “decrepit coppers.” Boston-based silversmiths John Hull and Robert Sanderson did operate their own mint between 1652 and 1682, issuing silver shillings and three and sixpence pieces, but save for a few ill-fated experiments, paper money was hardly tried or used. Other colonies and states soon also issued paper money without any basis, so that in 1780 the ratio of paper to silver was 40 to 1.
1737- Elizabeth Graeme Ferguson birthday. Writer whose primary fame rests on being a go-between on behalf of the British with revolutionary forces at the behest (or insistence) of her husband, a loyalist. In October 1777 Ferguson's husband prevailed upon her to carry from the Reverend Jacob Duché to General George Washington a letter urging Washington to surrender. Washington chided her for her part in the episode. She later carried to Joseph Reed, Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress and aide to Washington, an offer of 10,000 guineas for help in obtaining peace terms advantageous to Britain. Ferguson's role in these proceedings brought her trouble. Her husband had already been retained and proscribed, and late in the war Graeme Park was confiscated. Although it was restored to her in 1781, she lost it through financial reverses in 1791. Her last years were difficult. She died near the Graeme Park estate in Pennsylvania on February 23, 1801.
1787 – Shays' Rebellion, an uprising of Massachusetts farmers led by Daniel Shays, ended with defeat at Petersham. Starting on August 29 the previous year, Shay began building his following. On January 25, Shays led 1100 men in an attempt to seize the arsenal in Springfield, Mass. State militia commanded by Gen. William Shepherd routed the insurgents. The uprising had been caused by the harsh economic conditions faced by Massachusetts farmers, who sought reforms and the issuance of paper money. The insurgents were taken completely by surprise on the morning of February 3rd in Petersham. General Benjamin Lincoln had marched his troops through a snowstorm the previous night. The farmers scattered, and the rebellion was ended. Most of the insurgents took advantage of a general amnesty and surrendered. Shays and a few other leaders escaped for a while. The Supreme Judicial Court soon sentenced fourteen of the rebellion's leaders, including Shays, to death for treason. They were later pardoned by the newly elected Governor John Hancock. Only two men, John Bly and Charles Rose of Berkshire County, were hung for their part in the Rebellion. A new Massachusetts Legislature in Boston began to undertake the slow work of reform. On February 6, 1788, Massachusetts would become the sixth state to ratify the US Constitution and become the sixth state of the Union.
1793 -- Lucretia Mott born Nantucket, Massachusetts. Abolitionist and feminist. One of the strongest voices for the rights of women and blacks in the US was Lucretia Coffin Mott, a birthright Quaker who lived most of her life in Philadelphia, the center of American Quakerism. The event that triggered her involvement in women's rights activity was richly ironic. She was an accredited delegate to an international anti-slavery convention in London, along with five other US women. The men in charge apparently saw nothing wrong with excluding all women from an assembly dedicated to advancing the rights of blacks. It was on the sidewalk outside the convention where Mott started her long association with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, with whom she was instrumental in establishing the basis for women's suffrage. She was a peacemaker between groups with different priorities, and campaigned (dressed in Quaker grey) for human rights into her 85th year. Her incisive, challenging mind, a clear sense of her mission, and a level-headed personality made her a natural leader and a major force in her time.
1807-Birthday of Confederate General Joseph Johnston, born near Farmville, VA, and died March 21, 1891 at Washington, DC. One of the most brilliant officers of the CSA, but known for having many differences with President Jefferson Davis who wanted to run the war from his office. Johnston's troops were never directly defeated and he holds the record of most victories when he was in command.
1809 - Illinois Territory, including present-day Wisconsin, was established.
1811-Birthday of Horace Greely, newspaper editor, born at Amherst, NH. Founded of the “New York Tribune” and one of the organizers of the Republican Party. Greely was an outspoken opponent of slavery. Best remembered for his saying, “Go West, young man.” Died No 29, 1872 at New York City.
1821- Elizabeth Blackwell, the first woman doctor in the United States. After her graduation in 1849, she went to Paris to study which was then the world's foremost medical center, but Paris doctors proved as intolerant as their American colleagues. They would not permit her to study as a doctor. She was forced to enter a large maternity hospital as a student midwife. Because of an infection she contracted there, she lost the sight of one eye. When she returned to New York City in 1850, no hospital would allow her to practice there. Using funds donated by women, mostly Quakers, she and her sister opened the New York Infirmary for Women and Children, the first clinic for women examined and treated by women. After the Civil War, she returned to her native Britain where she continued to practice medicine. Died May 31, 1910.
1841-Nauvoo Legion chartered: created by Illinois Charter and comprised of 5,000 Mormon men under the command of Lieutenant General Joseph Smith, the Nauvoo Legion was considered the “largest trained soldiery in the US except for the US Army.”
1862 - Thomas Edison printed the "Weekly Herald" and distributed it to passengers on a train traveling between Port Huron and Detroit, Michigan. It was the first newspaper printed on a train. It was a single sheet of approximately seven by eight inches, printed on both sides.
1862 – Birthday of George Tilyou, creator of Steeplechase Amusement Park, Coney Island.
1865-President Abraham Lincoln and his Secretary of State, William Seward, met to discuss peace with Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens and others at Hampton Roads, VA. The meeting, which took place on board the ship “River Queen,” lasted four hours and produced no positive results. The Confederates sought an armistice first and discussion of reunion later, while Lincoln was insistent that the recognition of Federal authority must be the first step toward peace. New York Tribune editor and abolitionist Horace Greeley provided the impetus for the conference when he contacted Francis Blair, a Maryland aristocrat and presidential adviser. Greeley suggested that Blair was the "right man" with whom to open discussions with the Confederates to end the war. Blair sought permission from Lincoln to meet with Confederate President Jefferson Davis, and he did so twice in January 1865. Blair suggested to Davis that an armistice be forged and the two sides turn their attention to removing the French-supported regime of Maximilian in Mexico. This plan would help cool tensions between North and South by providing a common enemy, he believed. Meanwhile, the situation was becoming progressively worse for the Confederates in the winter of 1864-65. In January, Union troops captured Fort Fisher and effectively closed Wilmington, North Carolina, the last major port open to blockade runners. Davis conferred with his vice president, Alexander Stephens, and Stephens recommended that a peace commission be appointed to explore a possible armistice. Davis sent Stephens and two others to meet with Lincoln at Hampton Roads, Virginia. The meeting convened on February 3. Stephens asked if there was any way to stop the war and Lincoln replied that the only way was "for those who were resisting the laws of the Union to cease that resistance." The delegation underestimated Lincoln's resolve to make the end of slavery a necessary condition for any peace. The president also insisted on immediate reunification and the laying down of Confederate arms before anything else was discussed. In short, the Union was in such an advantageous position that Lincoln did not need to concede any issues to the Confederates. Robert M.T. Hunter, one of the delegation, commented that Lincoln was offering little except the unconditional surrender of the South.
After less than five hours, the conference ended and the delegation left with no concessions. April 9, at Appomattox Court House, VA., Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant. The Civil War was virtually ended.
Unfortunately President Lincoln was shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater in Washington, DC, April 14. The war continued and on May 10, Jefferson Davis was captured at Irwinville, GA, by a contingent of Gen. James H. Wilson's cavalry, led by Lt. Col. Benjamin Pritchard. On May 29th President Johnson issued a proclamation of amnesty.
1867-- In San Francisco, California, Joshua Norton I, "Dei Gratia" Emperor of the United States & Protector of Mexico, abolishes Congress & calls out the Army to clear out the riff-raff & crooks. “WHEREAS, a body of men calling themselves the National Congress are now in session in Washington City, in violation of our Imperial edict of the 12th of October last, declaring the said Congress abolished; WHEREAS, it is necessary for the repose of our Empire that the said decree should be strictly complied with; NOW, THEREFORE, we do hereby Order & Direct Major-General Scott, the Command-in-Chief of our Armies, immediately upon receipt of this, our Decree, to proceed with a suitable force & clear the Halls of Congress.”
1870-The 15th Amendment granted that the right of citizens to vote shall not be denied on account of race, color or previous condition of servitude.
1874-Birthday of Gertrude Stein, avant-garde expatriate American writer, perhaps best remembered for her poetic declaration (in 1912): “Rose is a rose is a rose,” while living in Oakland, California. Born at Allegheny, PA, died at Paris, France, July 27, 1946. She lived most of her life in France with her lifelong companion Alice B. Toklas. Her word repetitions challenged readers to explore the various and deeper meanings of words such as "A rose is a rose is a rose." Coined the phrase "the lost generation” and used the word "gay” for the first time in literature. Renowned collector of modern French art.
1880-Theodore Roosevelt declares his love for young Alice Lee of Boston, MA.
1882 -- Docking in New York, Oscar Wilde is asked by customs if he has anything to declare; he replies: "Nothing but my genius."
1894-Birthday of Norman Rockwell, American artist and illustrator especially noted for his realistic and homey magazine covers for the “Saturday Evening Post.” Born at New York, NY, he died at Stockbridge, MA, Nov 8, 1978.
1895-Birthday of vocalist Frankie “Half-Pint” Jaxon, Montgomery, AL
1895-Birthday of trumpet paler Kid Valentine, Reserve, LA
1898-Birthday of Lil Hardin Armstrong, pianist, singer, orchestra leader in Chicago. She had her own band in 1920's, also played with King Oliver. Married Louis Armstrong who played in HER band in 1925 (divorced 1938). Led all-women and all-men bands, toured Europe, and was the house musician for Decca records. Born Memphis, Tennessee. Lil studied music at Fisk University, the Chicago College of Music and the New York College of Music where she earned her doctorate in 1929. Lil also studied fashion and in 1942, she staged her own fashion show in New York City. Lil's first job in the music field was playing sheet music at Jones's Music Store in Chicago in 1917. In 1920 Lil formed her own band at the Dreamland Cafe and in 1921 she joined King Oliver's Creole Jazz Band where she met Louis Armstrong. Lil and Louis married on February 5, 1924.
Lil became the driving force behind Louis career. She taught him to read music and wrote the music for many of the tunes he composed. She was the feature singer with Louis' Hot Five and Hot Seven bands. Lil and Louis separated in 1931 and they divorced in 1938 although they remained close friends until they died.
During the 1930s Lil led several other recording groups, including the Hot Shots and the New Orleans' Wanderers. Lil also starred in Broadway shows including "Shuffle Along" and "Hot Chocolates."
During the late 1930's Lil recorded for Decca Records. She moved back to Chicago in the early 1940s and performed as a soloist in Chicago nightclubs including the Tin Pan Alley Club, the Mark Twain Lounge and the Garrick Stage Bar. She also made several European tours during this period. Lil continued to cut records until 1963 and stayed active in music all her life.
Lil Hardin Armstrong died of a massive heart attack on August 27, 1971 while playing the "St. Louis Blues" during a Louis Armstrong Memorial Concert just a short two months after Louis, himself passed on. She was 73 years old.
1899 -16º F (-27º C), Minden LA (state record)
1903-Jack Johnson, first Black heavyweight champion, wins the “Negro Heavyweight Title.”
1907-Birthday of James Michener, American author, born at New York, NY. Best known for massive, detailed novels, many of which were born in his workshop with assistants and researchers. His “Tales of the South Pacific” was the basis for the popular film and play “South Pacific.” A prolific author, his other works include “Sayonara”, “Iberia”, “Hawaii”, “Centennial”, “Alaska”, “Chesapeake”, and “Texas”. Died at Austin, TX, Oct 17, 1997.
1910 -- Mary Harris "Mother" Jones addresses Milwaukee brewery workers. Mother Jones spent two months working alongside women bottle-washers in one of the breweries during a period when she was not on the United Mine Workers payroll. Her report on their working conditions went like this: "Condemned to slave daily in the wash-room in wet shoes and wet clothes, surrounded with foul-mouthed, brutal foremen . . . the poor girls work in the vile smell of sour beer, lifting cases of empty and full bottles weighing from 100 to 150 pounds, in their wet shoes and rags, for they cannot buy clothes on the pittance doled out to them. . . . Rheumatism is one of the chronic ailments and is closely followed by consumption . . . An illustration of what these girls must submit to, one about to become a mother told me with tears in her eyes that every other day a depraved specimen of mankind took delight in measuring her girth and passing comments."
1912 -- 32,000 textile mill workers now involved in the "Bread and Roses" strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts. The Bread and Roses strike began last month and lasted for over nine weeks. Despite collusion by government and mill owners and their goons, strikers will not waver, even when 18-year-old Syrian worker John Rami is killed, when Annie Welzenbach and her two teenage sisters are arrested and dragged from their beds in the middle of the night, or when 200 police draw their clubs on February 19th and go after 100 women pickets, knocking them to the ground and beating them.
1913-The 16th amendment was ratified, granting Congress the authority to levy taxes on income.
1917 - Downtown Miami, FL, reported an all-time record low of 27 degrees.
1917 - Tom Mooney trial begins in San Francisco. Martin Swanson, a detective with a long involvement in strikes, & various labor confrontations in San Francisco , spent a couple of months trying to frame Mooney for an earlier bombing of PG&E power lines by offering bribes of $5,000 to several of Mooney's allies. He also maintained constant surveillance and harassment of Mooney, Billings, and the anarchists Alexander Berkman & Emma Goldman, who were living at 569 Dolores in the Mission District. Over the next two years it was gradually revealed that Swanson was primarily responsible for finding and coaching false witnesses for the District Attorney. In spite of revelations showing all the evidence against them was faked, and a convincing demolition of the state's case in each of the trials, Warren Billings & Tom Mooney were both convicted of first degree murder.
1918-Birthday of great comedian Joey Bishop, perhaps best known as a member of the Frank Sinatra “Rat Pack”. He was also a favorite of the Jack Paar Show, born The Bronx, New York, under the name Joseph Abraham Gottlieb. Bishop later became of several who sought to take on the King of Late Night, Johnny Carson, and actually had a solid following for several years. He also starred in “The Joey Bishop Show” with Abby Dalton.
1919 - The first meeting of the League of Nations took place in Paris.
1919-Birthday of trumpet player Eugene “Snooky” Young, Dayton, Ohio
1922 –Comic actor and director Roscoe "Fatty" Arbuckle's trial ends in a hung jury on this day in 1922. Arbuckle, who worked with Charlie Chaplin and launched Buster Keaton's career, was accused of manslaughter after the death of starlet Virginia Rappe. Rappe died of a ruptured bladder several days after the 350-pound Arbuckle allegedly sexually assaulted her at a wild drinking party in San Francisco. After two hung juries, Arbuckle was acquitted, but his films were banned and withdrawn from circulation. He directed two features and several short films under the pseudonym William Goodrich. Arbuckle died in 1933 at the age of 46.
1926-Birthday of great comedian Shelly Berman, born Chicago, Illinois
1927-Bix Beiderbecke and Tram record “Singin' the Blues,” Okeh 40772.
1927 - United States President Calvin Coolidge signed a bill creating the Federal Radio Commission, "to bring order out of this terrible chaos." The president was speaking about the nation's then unregulated radio stations.
1928 – Birthday of Frankie Vaughn (Abelson) (singer: “Garden of Eden”, “Tower of Strength”)
1929 – Birthday of Russell Arms (singer: “Your Hit Parade”)
1930 - United States President Herbert Hoover appointed Charles Evans Hughes to be the Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court.
1931 --The Arkansas state legislature passes a motion to pray for the soul of H. L. Mencken after he calls the state "the apex of moronia."
1933-- Birthday of alto sax player John Handy. My late father's favorite sax player. He and violinist Mike White would visit my late father often. He helped them get jobs on TV and for events early in their career.
Abraham Lincoln Observance, Oregon, annually on the first Monday in February
1935-Birthday of guitarist Johnny “Guitar” Watson, Houston, TX, died May 18, 1996.
1935-Birthday of singer Sugar Boy Williams ( Jody Williams )
1939 -- The Baltimore Museum of Art exhibit Contemporary Negro Art opens. The exhibit, which will run for 16 days, will feature works by Richmond Barth, Aaron Douglas, Archibald Motley, Jr., and Jacob Lawrence's Toussaint L'Ouverture series.
1940-Birthday of pro football Hall of Fame quarterback Francis Asbury “Fran” Tarkenton, Richmond, VA.
1941-Jimmy Dorsey Band records, “Amapola,” Decca 3692.
1941-Birthday of Hall of Fame golfer Carol Mann, born Buffalo, NY.
1942--Medal of Honor BIANCHI, WILLIBALD C.
1943- The Allied troopship S.S. Dorchester was torpedoed by a German sub and went down with a loss of 600 lives. As it sank, four chaplains gave up their lifejackets to shipmates, thereby also perishing in the icy waters. The bravery of Rev. Clark Poling (Dutch Reformed), Rev. George Lansing Fox (Methodist), Father John Washington (a Catholic priest) and Alexander David Goode (a Jewish rabbi) led Congress afterward to mark February 3rd as "Four Chaplains Day."
1944---POWERS, LEO J. Medal of Honor
1945--Medal of Honor PEDEN, FORREST E.
1945-Birthday of broadcaster and Pro Football Hall of Fame quarterback Robert Allen “Bob” Griese.
1945-Birthday of tuba player Bob Stewart, Sioux Falls, SD
1947-North America's Coldest Record Temperature: at Snag, in Canada's Yukon Territory, a temperature of 81 degrees below zero ( Fahrenheit) was recorded, a record low for all of North America.
1947 - The temperature at Tanacross, AK, plunged to a record 75 degrees below zero.
1947 – Birthday of American author Paul Auster, born Newark, New Jersey.
1950 - The Ames Brothers, Ed, Gene, Joe and Vic, reached #1 on the pop music charts for the first time, with "Rag Mop". The brothers had many successes in their recording career: "You You You" , "The Man with the Banjo" and "The Naughty Lady of Shady Lane" , "Tammy" and "Melody d'Amour" . Ed Ames was formerly with the Russ Morgan band, after the brothers broke up in the late 1950s, he went on to have a successful television and recording career. In the 1960s, he recorded the hits "My Cup Runneth Over" and "Who Will Answer". On television, he played Mingo on "Daniel Boone". Ed is remembered for one of the "Tonight Show's" funniest moments when he competed with host, Johnny Carson, in a hand axe-tossing contest. Mingo won with hilarious consequences still shown in every celebration of "The Tonight Show".
1951 - For the sixth time, Dick Button won the United States figure skating title.
1951 - Tennessee Williams' play, "The Rose Tattoo", opened on Broadway.
1953 - Marine archeologist Jacques Cousteau became renowned worldwide for documenting his deep sea explorations. His first and most-lasting work, “The Silent World”, was published on this date. He attracted world attention when he salvaged a 1,000-pound Roman freighter near Marseilles. While in the French navy, he and engineer Emil Gargon invented the aqualung. However, Cousteau is best known for his television documentaries and book.
1953--MURPHY, RAYMOND G. Medal of Honor
1956-Autherine Lucy becomes the first Black student at the University of Alabama. She was suspended four days later following a riot and expelled on February 29.
1956 -- Elvis Presley, Jerry Lee Lewis, Carl Perkins and Johnny Cash hold a recording session at Sun Studios in Memphis. The sessions are later named the "Million Dollar Quartet.”
1957-Birthday of Marlon Riggs , Fort Worth, Texas, Fearless American filmmaker, black activist, AIDS martyr, died 1964.
1958-The Royal Teens' biggest hit, "Short Shorts" enters the US record charts on its way to number 3. The song was originally an instrumental warm up number that the group added silly lyrics to. The tune was recorded in about twenty minutes of left over studio time and released after a record label executive took a liking to it. I can still remember the lyrics and sing the song.
1959—“The Day the Music Died:” The sudden death of rock-and-roll legends Charles Hardin “Buddy” Holly, Ritchie Valens, and JP “The Big Bopper” Richardson. Many of Holly’s songs came from a wire recording he made in his apartment that were put onto records after his death. “ The Day the Music Died” is the theme of singer Don McLean's song, “American Pie, “ and is the date on which they were killed in a plane crash in a cornfield near Mason City, IA, in a driving snowstorm. Earlier that day they had completed a concert with Dion & The Belmonts at the Surf Ballroom in Clear Lake, IA. “That' Be the Day While on a concert tour, rock and roll singers Buddy Holly, age 22, Ritchie Valenz, age 17, and J. P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson, age 24, were killed. Valenz had just recorded two back-to-back hits, “Donna” and “La Bamba”. The plane's pilot was not certified to fly by instruments, which was what he attempted to do in a driving snowstorm. It was determined that he could not see the stars nor the lights below because of the visual obstruction of falling snow, and he misread the instrument panel. When the artists failed to arrive in Fargo for the concert, the then-unknown Bobby Vee took Buddy Holly's place. He greatly influenced rock groups and singers that came later, such as The Beatles, The Rolling Stones, and Bob Dylan The tragic news of the three young entertainers' deaths devastated the world. Holly was buried in his home town of Lubbock, Texas, and more than 1,000 people attended the funeral. Holly, just 22, had started singing country music with high school friends but switched to rock and roll after opening for various rock singers, including Elvis Presley. By the mid-1950s, Holly and his band had a regular radio show and had toured internationally, playing hits like "Peggy Sue," "Oh, Boy!," "Maybe Baby," and "Early in the Morning." Holly wrote all his own songs, and much of his work was released after his death, influencing such artists as Bob Dylan and Paul McCartney. Another crash victim, J.P. "The Big Bopper" Richardson, 28, had started out as a disk jockey in his native Texas but began writing songs during his two years in the army. He wrote songs for other artists, including "Running Bear," a chart-climbing song recorded by singer Johnny Preston. The most famous work performed by Richardson himself was the rockabilly "Chantilly Lace," which made the Top 10. He developed a stage show based on his radio persona, "The Big Bopper." The third crash victim was Ritchie Valens, born Richard Valenzuela, who was only 17 when the plane went down but had already scored a No. 2 hit with the ballad "Donna." He had also hit No. 22 with "La Bamba," an upbeat number based on a traditional Mexican wedding song. In 1987, Valens' life was portrayed in the movie “La Bamba”, and the title song, performed by Los Lobos, became a No. 1 hit again Singer Don McLean memorialized Holly, Valens, and Richardson in the 1972 No. 1 hit "American Pie," which was rerecorded by Madonna in 2000
1960-- Frank Sinatra forms his own label, Reprise Records.
1961-- Bob Dylan makes his first recordings, versions of "San Francisco Bay Blues" and "Jesus Met the Woman at the Well," at the home of friends Sid and Bob Gleason in East Orange, NJ.
1962-Gene Chandler's "The Duke of Earl" tops the Cashbox Best Sellers chart for the first of a five week stay.
1964-- The Beatles' "I Want to Hold Your Hand" b/w "I Saw Her Standing There" and their “Meet the Beatles!” album are all certified gold
1966--In San Francisco, The Psychedelic Shop Grand Opening (Haight Street)
1967- The Beatles record "A Day In The Life"
1968-The Beatles record Paul McCartney's song "Lady Madonna" at EMI's Abbey Road studios. They accomplished this in just three takes.
1968 - An Oxford, Ohio group called the Lemon Pipers saw their only Billboard chart-maker, "Green Tambourine", reach #1.
1969- John Lennon, George Harrison and Ringo Starr hire Allen Klein as the Beatles' business manager. Paul McCartney dissents and the hiring is contributing factor to the group's breakup.
1969- The Steve Miller Band records "My Dark Hour"
1971- Country singer Lynn Anderson was awarded a gold record for her recording of Joe South's "Rose Garden," which topped both the country and pop charts.
1973-- Elton John's "Crocodile Rock" hits #1.
1973-President Richard Nixon signed the Endangered Species Act into law.
1973 -- Convicted mass-murderer Juan V. Corona sentenced to 25 terms of life imprisonment (which, it was stipulated, he was to serve consecutively).
1976- Elvis Presley records "Solitaire"
1978- It's the 19th anniversary of Buddy Holly's death. It's also the day on which his birthplace in Lubbock, Texas had been scheduled for demolition by the Lubbock Building Department. The Department had no idea the house had any association with the town's most famous son. However a few days ago, a man bought the place, moved it intact, outside the city limits and fixed it up so his family could move in. He too, did not know the significance of the house and became the man who save Buddy Holly's birthplace by accident.
1978- "Dead Man's Curve," a made-for-TV-movie about surf-rock singers Jan & Dean, airs on ABC-TV. Jan and Dean were classmates at University High School, West Los Angeles, California. It is the dramatization of the real-life accident wherein Dean Torrance, upon learning he had been drafted, crashed his Corvette at a high speed, leaving him partially paralyzed as he remains today.
1979-- The Blues Brothers' album Briefcase Full of Blues hits #1.
1982- The city of Memphis declared "Bar-Kays Day" in honor of the band that began as Otis Redding's backup group. Several members of the Bar-Kays died in the 1967 plane crash that killed Redding, but the group survived to have such hits as "Soul Finger" and "Shake Your Rump to the Funk."
1986 - The United States Weather Bureau officially named January of 1986 the warmest January since 1953. The average temperature in United States for that month was 38 degrees.
1988 - Arctic air continued to invade the central U.S. The temperature at Midland TX plunged from a record high of 80 degrees to 37 degrees in just three hours. Morning lows in the higher elevations of Wyoming were as cold as 38 degrees below zero. Heavy snow blanketed southwestern Colorado, with 16 inches reported at Steamboat Springs.
1989 - On the 30th anniversary of Buddy Holly's death, Bobby Vee and the Crickets played a memorial concert before 1,700 fans in Fargo, North Dakota. Holly, Ritchie Valens, and the Big Bopper were on their way to Fargo when their plane crashed this date in 1959. It was Vee who took Holly's place in Fargo the night of the tragedy. It was the beginning of his career, and Vee went on to place 38 hits on Billboard's Hot 100 chart.
1989 - A winter storm brought heavy snow and high winds to the western U.S. Up to three feet of snow blanketed the Sierra Nevada of California, and buried parts of northeastern Washington State under three feet of snow in five days. High winds across Washington State reached 75 mph, with gusts to 105 mph. The morning low of 29 degrees below zero at Casper, WY was a record for the month of February. Wisdom, MT hit 53 degrees below zero. Missoula, MT reported a wind chill reading of 85 degrees below zero.
1990 - Thunderstorms developing ahead of a cold front produced severe weather over the central Gulf coast states during the afternoon and evening hours. Thunderstorms spawned seven tornadoes in Alabama, including one which touched down north of Birmingham injuring fifteen people and causing nearly three million dollars damage. A tornado at Margaret injured eleven persons and caused a million dollars damage
1990- Quebec teen heartthrob Roch Voisine (ROCK VWAH-ZINN') won the best international French-language album award at a ceremony in Paris. His album "Helene" was at the top of the French chart at the time.
1990 - Jockey Willie Shoemaker raced for the 40,352nd and last time. He finished fourth at the Santa Anita Racetrack aboard 7-10 favorite "Patchy Groundfog". Shoemaker won 1100 stakes and 8,833 wins (a world record that stood until Laffit Pincay Jr. topped it in 1999) in 40,350 races. In 42 years, Shoemaker won 11 Triple Crown races, including four Kentucky Derbies, five Belmont Stakes, and three Preakness Stakes; 1,009 stakes races; and 10 national money titles. He earned more than $123 million in purses, about $10 million of which went into his pocket. (Shoemaker's life took a tragic turn on April 8, 1991, when he was left paralyzed from the neck down after an auto accident.)
1995 - Air Force Lt. Col. Eileen Collins became the first woman space-shuttle pilot this day as the space shuttle "Discovery" (STS-63) blasted off from Cape Kennedy, Florida. She was wearing a scarf that belonged to Amelia Earhart, and carried the pilot's license of early endurance flight champion Bobbi Trout, as well as items belonging to members of the Women Air force Service Pilots who ferried military aircraft in the U.S. during WWII (and died) and from the women who applied and passed initial tests in NASA's Mercury program in the 1950's, but were turned down because of their gender. Lt. Colonel Eileen Collins, 38, lifted off from Cape Canaveral in the co-pilot's seat, as the first woman to pilot an American space craft. An Air Force test pilot, she was selected for the NASA space program in 1990, the first woman chosen as a space shuttle pilot. In December 1994, two more women were chosen.
1996 - Rap artist Queen Latifah was stopped by a California Highway Patrol officer and arrested for reportedly possession of a concealed, loaded handgun, possession of marijuana, and speeding as she was traveling west on Interstate 10. Pending the results of a sobriety test, she could also face DUI charges. The Grammy-winning singer was known for her anti-drug and anti-violent messages in her music, and was a popular actress on the television sitcom “Living Single” . She is perhaps best known now for her role in the movie “Chicago,” and now has her own talk show.
1996-The first American serviceman killed during the Bosnia conflict was Sergeant First Class Donald Allen Dugan of Ridgeway, OH, a member of the peacekeeping force organized by the North Atlantic Treaty Organization that entered Bosnia-Hercegovina in December, 1995. Dugan was killed in an explosion in Sarajevo, Bosnia. The cause of the explosion was not determined.
1996-Blues Traveler's "Run-Around" was on Billboard's Hot 100 singles chart for the 46th straight week, breaking the record held by Tag Team's "Whoomp! (There It Is)" and Crystal Waters' "100 Per Cent Pure Love."
1998-Winger Dino Ciccarelli of the Florida Panthers became the ninth player in NHL history to score 600 regular-season goals. Ciccarelli tallied in the third period of a game against the Detroit Red Wings. The power-play goal earned Florida a 1-1 tie.
1998- Attorneys General subpoena Microsoft. The antitrust suit against Microsoft expanded as attorneys general from several states issued new subpoenas regarding Microsoft's business practices in the pending launch of Windows 98. Microsoft's battle with the government during the next year would reveal secret deals with online providers, hardball tactics for promoting Internet Explorer, and other questionable practices. The government claimed such practices were ruthless and anticompetitive, but Microsoft called them just plain good business. However, Microsoft won on one point this day: An appeals judge agreed to suspend the investigation of a "special master"-an expert on Internet law to whom Microsoft objected.
2001 - The XFL (Xtreme Football League) debuted. The league was created by Vince McMahon, mastermind behind the WWF (World Wrestling Federation). What was promoted as “Football the Way It Was Meant to Be Played” soon faded into painful memories for TV viewers and fans. The WWF apparently thought that it could pull in millions of wrestling fans to support the league, but was shocked when it discovered that actual football fans were the major supporters of the XFL, and these football fans were turned off by the wrestling-show influence on the games.
2002- Super Bowl XXXVI-Among the biggest underdogs in SB history (14 points), the Patriots won the hearts of much of America by shutting down the "greatest show on turf" St. Louis Rams before Adam Vinatieri kicked a field goal on the final play of the game to win 20-17. After struggling to a 5-11 record in 2000, they began this season 1-3 and lost their starting quarterback, Drew Bledsoe, to injury. But backup Tom Brady replaced him and eventually led the team to nine straight wins, including the Super Bowl.
2008--The Giants (14–6) won 17–14 over the previously undefeated Patriots (18–1). In doing so, the Giants became the first NFC wild card team to win a Super Bowl. They also became the sixth wild card seed from either conference, the fifth in eleven years, and second in three years, to earn an NFL championship. The first three quarters of Super Bowl XLII were largely a defensive battle, as both teams combined for only 10 points entering into the final quarter, with the Patriots leading 7–3. New York finally scored their first touchdown with 11:05 left in the game to take a 10–7 lead. Faced with third down and five yards to go from his own 44-yard line with 1:15 remaining, Giants quarterback Eli Manning avoided what looked like a sack, completed a 32-yard pass to wide receiver David Tyree, who made a leaping catch by pinning the ball on his helmet, which put them at New England's 24-yard-line. Four plays later, New York wide receiver Plaxico Burress caught the winning touchdown with 0:35 left. Manning, who threw both of his touchdown passes in the fourth quarter, was named the Most Valuable Player
2013—Baltimore Ravens win Superbowl. After going 13–3 and reaching the NFC Championship the year before, the 49ers topped that success with their first NFC championship since 1994 as well as their sixth overall as a franchise, overcoming a 17–0 deficit to defeat the Atlanta Falcons 28–24 on January 20, 2013 in the NFC title game. However, the season ended with their first-ever defeat in the Super Bowl, falling to theBaltimore Ravens, 31–34.
Super Bowl Champions This Date
2002 -New England Patriots
2013—Baltimore Ravens—SF 49ers 34-31
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