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This Day in American History
Halfway Point of Autumn, 45 days of autumn will have elapsed and the equivalent will remain before Dec 21, 2000, which is the winter solstice and the beginning of winter.
1796-The first presidential election in which more than one candidate declared for the presidency, in which John Adams received 71 electoral votes and was elected president, and Thomas Jefferson received 68 electoral votes and was elected vice-president. In the elections of 1789 and 1793, George Washington was the only avowed presidential candidate.
1804-The first presidential election in which more than one candidate declared for the vice-presidency. Prior to the adoption of the 12th Amendment to the constitution on September 25,1804, the candidate for president receiving the highest number of votes became president, and the candidate receiving the second highest number became vice president. Thomas Jefferson and George Clinton were the candidates of the Democratic-Republican Party and Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and Rufus King the candidates of the Federalist Party.
1854-Birthday of conductor/composer John Phillips Sousa, remembered for stirring marches such as "The Stars and Stripes Forever," "Semper Fidelis," "El Capitan," born at Washington, DC. Died at Reading, PA, Mar 6, 1932
1860 - Former Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln defeated three other candidates for the United States presidency, a Republican victory over the divided Democrats. Hannibal Hamlin was elected vice president. The electoral vote was Lincoln, 180: John C. Breckinridge, southern Democrat,72: John Bell, Constitutional Union candidate, 39: Stephen A. Douglas, Democrat, 12. The popular vote was Lincoln 1,866,252: Douglas 1,375,157: Breckinridge, 848,781: Bell, 589,581.
1861-Jefferson Davis was elected to a six year term of the Confederate States
1861-Birthday of James Naismith, inventor of the game of basketball was born at Almonte, Ontario, Canada. Died at Lawrence, KS, Nov 28, 1939. Inducted into the Basketball Hall of Fame in 1959. Basketball became an Olympic sport in 1936.
1868-Red Cloud, a chief of the Oglala Sioux, became the first Native American to win territorial concessions from the federal government. After years of leading successful assaults against U.S. forts in the Powder River area of Montana, Red Cloud signed a treat at Fort Laramie. The treaty provide for the abandonment of Forts Reno, Kearny, and C.F. Smith.
1869-The first Intercollegiate football contest in the world was played at Rutgers Field, New Brunswick, NJ. Captain William Stryker Gummere ’70 of Princeton University ( later chief justice of New Jersey) challenged Captain William James Leggett of Rutgers to a friendly game. Each team consisted of 25 men. The rules were that each goal constituted a game and that six games would decided the match, which lasted one hour. The first team to score six goals was Rutgers, while Princeton scored four.
1888 - Benjamin Harrison of Indiana won the presidential election, beating incumbent Grover Cleveland on electoral votes although Cleveland led in the popular vote. Cleveland basically sat at the White House, thinking he had
the election in the bag. He came back next term to take the presidency back.
Levi P.Morton was elected vice president. The electoral vote was Harrison, 233: President Grover Cleveland, the Democratic candidate,168. The popular vote was Harrison 5,444,337: Cleveland 5,540,050: Clinton B. Fisk, Prohibition candidate, 250,125: Alson J. Streeter, Union Labor candidate, 146,897: Robert H. Cowdrey, United Labor candidate, 2808. In congressional elections the Republicans kept their 38-37 majority in the Senate and gained 14 seats in the House to take a 166-159 majority.
1888-Birthday of John George Taylor Spink, sports publisher born at St. Louis, MO. Spink inherited management of “The Sporting News” upon the death of his father in 1914. He made the weekly newspaper into the “Bible of Baseball,” a trade paper of indispensable value to all those connected with the game. Spink was a baseball insider: his publication not only reported on what had happened, but also advocated what should happen. Died at St. Louis,Dec. 7, 1962.
1900 - President McKinley was re-elected, beating Democrat William Jennings Bryan. Theodore Roosevelt, Republican of New York, was elected vice president. The electoral vote was McKinley,292: William Jennings Bryan of Nebraska, candidate on the Democratic and Populist tickets, 155. The popular vote was McKinley, 7,219,530: Bryan 6,358,071: John G. Woolley of Illinois, Prohibition candidate, 209,166: Eugene V. Debs of Indiana, Social Democratic candidate, : 94,768: and Wharton Barker of Pennsylvania, middle-of the road Populist, 50,232. In congressional elections both major parties gained Senate seats from the minor parties, the Republicans taking a 55-31 majority, with four seats held by minor
parties. In the House the Republicans led 197-151, with nine seats held by minor parties.
1902-Birthday of singer Juanita Hall, Keyport, NJ
1913-Birthday of arranger/trumpet player Andy Gibson, Zanesville, OH
1916—Bandleader Ray Conniff Birthday, born Attleboro, MA
1921-piano player Jimmy Lyon Birthday, Camden, NJ
1928 - Herbert Hoover was elected United States president in a landslide Republican victory. Charles Curtis was elected vice president. The electoral vote was Hoover, 444: Alfred E. Smith, Democratic candidate, 87. The popular vote was Hoover, 21,392,190: Smith, 15,016,443. Normal Thomas, Socialist candidate, 267,835: William Z. Foster, Workers’ Party candidate 48,228: Vern L. Reynolds, Prohibition candidate, 20,106: frank E. Webb, Farmer Labor candidate, 6391. In congressional elections the Republicans increased their majorities in both houses, leading in the Senate 56-39, with one seat going to a minor party, and controlling the House 267-167, with one seat held by a minor party.
1928 - Jacob Schick patented the first electric razor.
1929-pianist Francy Boland birthday, Namur, Belgium
1934-The first professional football game in which 10 touchdowns were made took place at Temple Stadium, Philadelphia, PA, when the Philadelphia Eagles defeated the Cincinnati Reds 64-0. Three touchdowns each were made by Homer “Swede” Hanson and Joseph Carter and one each by Edward Matesic, Edward Storm, Marvin Ellstrom, and Roger “Red” Kirkman.
1935-Benny Goodman begins engagement at Congress Hotel, Chicago. Original one-month contract extended six months, ending May 23, 1936.
1936-Woody Herman’s new band first records, Decca.
1945-Ensign Jake C. West in an FR-! Fireball on the escort aircraft carrier “Wake Island” off San Diego, CA, made the first jet-propelled landing on an aircraft carrier. The Fireball, a Ryan-built navy fighter plane, was powered by both turbojet and a conventional reciprocating engine, and normally used its reciprocating power plant for takeoff and landing, switching over to the jet as either an exclusive or a supplementary propulsive force once it was in the air. As West was landing, the reciprocating engine power failed, and he landed using jet power.
Till the End of Time - Perry Como
I’ll Buy that Dream - The Pied Pipers
That’s for Me - Dick Haymes
With Tears in My Eyes - Wesley Tuttle
1947—“Meet the Press” premiers on TV. "Meet the Press" holds the distinction of being the oldest program on TV. The show has changed its format little since it began: a well-known guest (usually a politician) is questioned on current, relevant issues by a panel of journalists. The moderators throughout the years have included Martha Rountree, Lawrence E. Spivak, Ned Brooks, Bill Monroe, Marvin Kalb, Chris Wallace and Garrick Utley. The current host is Tim Russert.
He closes the show with “Go Bills!!!”
1955-Maria Owings Shriver (Schwarzenegger) birthday, broadcast journalist ("Today"), wife of governor-elect of California, born Chicago, IL.
1949-Trumpet player Arturo Sandoval born Havana, Cuba
Vaya Con Dios - Les Paul & Mary Ford
You, You, You - The Ames Brothers
Ebb Tide - The Frank Chacksfield Orchestra
I Forgot More Than You’ll Ever Know - The Davis Sisters
1956 - President Eisenhower was re-elected, beating Democrat Adlai E. Stevenson in a landslide. Eisenhower was the first Republican president to win reelection since William McKinley in 1900. Although Eisenhower carried 41 states, the Democrats retained control of both houses of Congress. The electoral vote was Eisenhower, 457: Adlai E. Stevenson, Democrat of Illinois, 74. The popular vote was Eisenhower,35,387,015: Stevenson, 25,875,408. IN congressional elections the Democrats gained one Senate seat for a 49-47 majority. In the House they gained one seat for a 233-200 majority.
Big Bad John - Jimmy Dean
Fool #1 - Brenda Lee
This Time - Troy Shondell
Walk on By - Leroy Van Dyke
1962-The first president with a brother in the Senate was John Fitzgerald Kennedy, whose brother Edward Moore Kennedy was elected to fill his unexpired term as senator from Massachusetts after he was elected president.
1967-“The Phil Donahue Show” premiered on TV. The forerunner of Oprah, Jerry, Montel, etc., this first talk show with audience participation went on the air this date at Dayton, OH. The first guest interviewed by host Phil Donahue was atheist Madelyn Murray O’Hair. In 1980 the program went national: it moved to Chicago in 1974 and to New York in 1985. In later years the program was titled, “
Donahue.” After winning 19 Emmys Awards, the show left daytime TV in 1966.
In 2002, he returned to the airways, but in the age of “realism” and “survival,”
and loyal followings for other popular talk shows, the show flopped. His fans
had moved on.
Suspicious Minds - Elvis Presley
Wedding Bell Blues - The 5th Dimension
Baby It’s You - Smith
The Ways to Love a Man - Tammy Wynette
1973-Coleman Young elected mayor of Detroit, becoming one of the first two Black mayors of city with over a million citizens. Died November 29,1997
1973-Thomas Bradley elected mayor of Los Angeles at a time when Blacks represented only 15% of the LA electorate, becoming one of the first two Black mayors of city with over a million citizens. Died September 2,1998
1975-“Good Morning, America” premiered on TV. This ABC morning program, set in a living room, is a mixture of news reports, features and interviews with newsmakers and people of interest. It was the first program to compete with NBC's "Today" show and initially aired as "A.M. America." Hosts have included David Hartman, Nancy Dussault, Sandy Hill, Charles Gibson, Joan Lunden, Lisa McRee, Kevin Newman and Diane Sawyer.
You Light Up My Life - Debby Boone
Nobody Does It Better - Carly Simon
Boogie Nights - Heatwave
I’m Just a Country Boy - Don Williams
1984- Madeline M. Kunin, by a margin of 4,000 votes is elected governor of Vermont. Arlene Violet, a former Roman Catholic nun, becomes the first woman to be elected Attorney General of Rhode Island.
Part-Time Lover - Stevie Wonder
Miami Vice Theme - Jan Hammer
Head over Heels - Tears For Fears
Some Fools Never Learn - Steve Wariner
1986 - For the fall 1988 season, WOR-TV in Secaucus, New Jersey paid $182,000 per episode of "The Cosby Show". The price was a record for a syndicated show, beating previous marks of $80,000 per show for "Cheers".
1995 - Art Modell, the owner of the Cleveland Browns, announced plans to move the team to Baltimore.
2002- Citing Dusty Baker's reluctance to stay with the organization, an unhappy general manager Brian Sabean announces the Giant skipper of the last 10 years will not be back to manage in San Francisco next season. The NL pennant-winning skipper has supposedly expressed an interest in the Cubs and Mariners.