Friday, October 16, 2009
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Today's Top Event in History
This Day in American History1492 - Columbus' fleet anchored at "Fernandina" (Long Island, Bahamas).
1629- The Virginia General Assembly enacted a law to limit the planting of tobacco, in an attempt to control the price of the export to Europe . More slaves were “imported” as Virginia main economy was becoming the growing and selling of tobacco.
1701-The Collegiate School (later to be named Yale) was founded at Branford , CT by Congregationalists dissatisfied with the religious atmosphere at Harvard. In 1716, the school was moved to New Haven , CT. , where it became Yale College , named after Elihu Yale, a governor of the East India Company. The first degrees wren awarded in 1716. Yale became a university in 1887.. Founded as a school for men, Yale began admitting women undergraduates in 1969.
1701 - Yale University was founded as The Collegiate School of Kilingworth, Connecticut by Congregationalists who considered Harvard too liberal.
1758- birthday of Noah Webster, American teacher and journalist whose name became synonymous with the word “dictionary” after his compilations of the earliest American dictionaries of the English language. Born at West Hartford , CT , he died at New Haven , CT , May 28, 1843.
1781 - General Cornwallis finding no way out from Yorktown siege. At about 4:00 A.M. Lt. Colonel Robert Abercromby led 350 British troops on a sortie to spike allied guns now in position on the second parallel. Abercromby was able to spike four guns after pretending to be an American detachment. Moving to another position along the parallel, the British were this time driven back to their lines by a French covering party. However, they had managed to spike two more guns, but the allies were able to get all the spiked guns back into action within six hours. That evening, General Cornwallis attempted to ferry across the York River to see about fighting his way out by way of Gloucester, but a storm frustrated these efforts.
1829 -- The Tremont Hotel opened in Boston . Heralded as the first modern hotel in America , each of the Tremont's luxurious 170 rooms went for $2 a day. The price included four meals. It also boasted being the first hotel with indoor plumbing.
1846- Dr. John Collins Warren gave the first demonstration of painless surgery using a drug supplied by William Thomas Green Morton, a dentist of Charleston , MA . Morton was refused admission to hospitals until he divulged the name of the secret drug, which was sulfuric either. Although he is credited with the discovery of anesthetics, 8 or 10 others have also claimed this honor.
1849 -- Birthday of George Washington Williams, born Bedrod Springs , Pa. Early African-American historian & founder of two African-American newspapers, "The Commoner" in Washington , DC , & Cincinnati 's "The Southern Review".
1858 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow published The Courtship of Miles Standish, a narrative poem about romance among the Pilgrims. The story is not accurate and an exaggeration, basically made up by Longfellow, who took much of the plot from a German poem of another man who asks another for marriage and the lady says, “Why not speak for yourself.” It has been repeated so many times people believe it is a true story. It is not. The same as his most famous poem,” The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere.” He never reached his destination. He was one of three riders who tried. Only Dr. Samuel Prescott reached Concord , where he delivered the warning, "The British are Coming!" And when the British came to Concord , the Americans were ready.
1859- The federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry (now in W.Va. ) was seized by John Brown and 21 followers. Brown wanted to establish an abolitionist republic in the Appalachians and to fight slavery with fugitive slaves and abolitionist whites. On Dec. 2 he was hanged at Charles Town, Va., for murder, conspiracy, and treason against Virginia . In the South he was thought of as a murderer and traitor who deserved the gallows, but in the North his gibbet was described as “the cross of a martyr.” Slave owners in the South had been chasing runaways in “free” states and territories. They were raiding cities. John Brown survived one of the raids. There were border wars and skirmishes between armed raiders and unarmed small towns. Violence was riff in many areas. In Concord , Mass. , Henry David Thoreau wrote of Brown: “When a government puts forth its strength, to kill the liberators of the slave, what a merely brute ... force it is seen to be.” Lincoln was philosophical and brooded over the fates of historical zealots who had taken it upon themselves to end oppression. Longfellow sounded a prophetic note: “This will be a great day in our history, the date of a new revolution. . . . As I write, they are leading old John Brown to execution. ... This is sowing the wind to reap the whirlwind, which will soon come.
1863-After his impressive victory taking Vicksburg , Mississippi , Ulysses S. Grant, a brigadier general of the militia, was appointed a general in the regular army and with the subsequent reorganization of the departments of war in this area. Grant's first priority was to save the besieged and starving Union troops at Chattanooga , Tennessee .
1868- America 's first department store, Zion 's Co-Operative Mercantile Institution, was opened in Salt Lake City , Utah and is still operating there. IT was founded under the direction of Brigham Young.
1876 -- Race riot at Cainhoy , South Carolina . Five whites, one black killed.
1880 - a blizzard struck eastern South Dakota and southern Minnesota blocking railroads. Snow drifts remained throughout the following very hard winter
1888-Birthday of Eugene O'Neil. American playwright, born at New York , NY . O'Neill began writing plays in his 20s, while recovering from tuberculosis at a Connecticut sanitarium. His first full-length play, Beyond the Horizon, won the Pulitzer Prize in 1920. He wrote more than 30 plays during his career. His major works included Mourning Becomes Electra (produced in 1931), The Iceman Cometh (produced in 1946), and Long Day's Journey into Night (published posthumously, in 1956). He died in Boston , MA , Nov. 27,1953
1890 -- Birthday of photographer Paul Strand, born Manhattan , New York .
1890 -- Reservation Police forcibly remove Kicking Bear from Standing Rock Agency , South Dakota , for teaching the Ghost Dance, a new Indian religion that foretold the disappearance of white people.
1891-Birthday of Sarah Winnemucca - Potute Native American leader. In 1860 the tribe was moved to Oregon and then later to Washington State under starvation conditions. When she campaigned and finally got a U.S. Presidential order for her tribe to move back to Oregon where they could raise food, the U.S. army refused to honor it.
1898-Birthday of William Douglas, American jurist, world traveler, conservationist, outdoorsman and author. Born at Maine , MN, he served as just of the US Supreme Court longer than any other (36 years). Died at Washington , DC , Jan. 19,1980.
1903-Birthday of pianist Buck Washington, Louisville , KY.
1913 -Temperatures in downtown San Francisco soared to 101 degrees.
1916-Margaret Singer, Fania Mindel and Ethel Burne opened the first birth control clinic in the US at 46 Amboy Street , Brooklyn , NY . singer believed that the poor should be able to control the size of their families.
1918--NEIBAUR, THOMAS C. Medal of Honor Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company M, 107th Infantry, 42d Division. Place and date: Near Landres-et-St. Georges, France, 16 October 1918. Entered service at: Sugar City, Idaho. Born: 17 May 1898, Sharon, Idaho. G.O. No.: 1 18, W .D., 1918. Citation: On the afternoon of 16 October 1918, when the Cote-de-Chatillion had just been gained after bitter fighting and the summit of that strong bulwark in the Kriemhilde Stellung was being organized, Pvt. Neibaur was sent out on patrol with his automatic rifle squad to enfilade enemy machinegun nests. As he gained the ridge he set up his automatic rifle and was directly thereafter wounded in both legs by fire from a hostile machinegun on his flank. The advance wave of the enemy troops, counterattacking, had about gained the ridge, and although practically cut off and surrounded, the remainder of his detachment being killed or wounded, this gallant soldier kept his automatic rifle in operation to such effect that by his own efforts and by fire from the skirmish line of his company, at least 100 yards in his rear, the attack was checked. The enemy wave being halted and lying prone, 4 of the enemy attacked Pvt. Neibaur at close quarters. These he killed. He then moved alone among the enemy lying on the ground about him, in the midst of the fire from his own lines, and by coolness and gallantry captured 11 prisoners at the point of his pistol and, although painfully wounded, brought them back to our lines. The counterattack in full force was arrested to a large extent by the single efforts of this soldier, whose heroic exploits took place against the skyline in full view of his entire battalion.
1924-Birthday of Lauren Bacall - U.S actor. She became famous for her roles opposite Humphrey Bogart. Following his death from cancer, she moved to Broadway where she became one of the royalty of Broadway. She won the Tony for Applause and raves in many others. She went on to play mature women in movies and TV. She has aged into a role model.
1925--Birthday of Angela Lansbury - Anglo-American actor of stage, screen and television. She won Tony awards in 1966, 69, 74, and 79 for her many wonderful musicals and plays on Broadway and garnered multiple Emmys for her work on TV in the long running Murder she Wrote. AL was nominated for three Academy Awards and set the standard for evil mothers in Manchurian Candidate (1962).
1928- Marvin Piipkin of the Incandescent Lamp Department of General Electric Company at Nela Park , OH , received a patent for an electric light bulb frost on the inside. Inside-frost bulbs have a number of distinct advantages over outside-frost bulbs, among which are less absorption of light and less collection of dust, allowing the bulb to last longer and retain its illumination. The light was also easier on the eyes.
1930- Lionel Hampton cuts first vibes solo with Hite Band, “Memories of You,” Okeh Records.
1931- Trunk murderess Winnie Ruth Judd allegedly chops first body. This becomes one of the biggest crime stories of its day as newspapers reader learn about Winnie Ruth Judd chopping up two girl friends, packing their pieces into two trunks and a suitcase, and shipping them off to Los Angeles. Judd escaped seven times from the mental hospital where she was sent. On one occasion she walked across the desert for seven days. The last time she escaped she eluded police for seven years.
1937 - An unlikely winter-like storm produced as much as ten inches of snow in Minnesota and Iowa .
1940 -Benjamin Oliver Davis Sr. named first black general in regular army (later to become the air force ).
1942--BAUER, HAROLD WILLIAM Medal of Honor Rankand organization: Lieutenant Colonel, U.S. Marine Corps. Born: 20 November 1908. Woodruff, Kans. Appointed from: Nebraska. Citation: For extraordinary heroism and conspicuous courage as Squadron Commander of Marine Fighting Squadron 212 in the South Pacific Area during the period 10 May to 14 November 1942. Volunteering to pilot a fighter plane in defense of our positions on Guadalcanal, Lt. Col. Bauer participated in 2 air battles against enemy bombers and fighters outnumbering our force more than 2 to 1, boldly engaged the enemy and destroyed 1 Japanese bomber in the engagement of 28 September and shot down 4 enemy fighter planes in flames on 3 October, leaving a fifth smoking badly. After successfully leading 26 planes on an over-water ferry flight of more than 600 miles on 16 October, Lt. Col. Bauer, while circling to land, sighted a squadron of enemy planes attacking the U.S.S. McFarland. Undaunted by the formidable opposition and with valor above and beyond the call of duty, he engaged the entire squadron and, although alone and his fuel supply nearly exhausted, fought his plane so brilliantly that 4 of the Japanese planes were destroyed before he was forced down by lack of fuel. His intrepid fighting spirit and distinctive ability as a leader and an airman, exemplified in his splendid record of combat achievement, were vital factors in the successful operations in the South Pacific Area.
1944 - The novel "The Robe", by Lloyd Douglas, was published. Nine years later the book became a movie that won three Academy Awards. It is annually seen on television around the Easter holiday.
1947- Woody Herman's second Herd debuts at Municipal Auditorium, San Bernardino , CA
1947-Bob Weir, guitarist and vocalist for the Grateful Dead, is born.
1954-Two weeks after his appearance at Nashville's Grand Ole Opry, Elvis Presley performs on the Country music radio program, Louisiana Hayride, broadcast live on KWKH in Shreveport. After an enthusiastic reception from the audience, Presley is booked to appear every week for a year at $18 per show. His sidemen, Bill Black and Scotty Moore are paid $12 each.
Honky Tonk (Parts 1 & 2) - Bill Doggett
Just Walking in the Rain - Johnnie Ray
Love Me Tender - Elvis Presley
Hound Dog/Don't Be Cruel - Elvis Presley
1957-Sam Cooke's "You Send Me" is released by Keen Records. The single will be his biggest hit selling two-and-a-half million copies.
1962-- Cuban missile crisis began as President John F. Kennedy becomes aware of missiles in Cuba . On October 22, he addresses the public on television and on October 24 authorizes a blockade of offensive weapons to Cuba .
Oh, Pretty Woman - Roy Orbison
Do Wah Diddy Diddy - Manfred Mann
Dancing in the Street - Martha & The Vandellas
I Guess I'm Crazy - Jim Reeves
1965--Tribute to Dr. Strange: Jefferson Airplane, the Charlatans, the Marbles, Great Society appear at the San Francisco Longshoreman's Hall
This was the First Dance Concert ever held took place under the sponsorship of the Family Dog at the octagonal meeting hall of the International Longshoremen's and Warehousemen's Union near Fishermen's Wharf. It was billed as "A Tribute to Dr. Strange," and featured the Jefferson Airplane, the Charlatans, the Great Society, and ?the Marbles [who later metamorphized into the Loading Zone]. A light show was operated by Bill Ham. Reference/Source:(Charles Perry, The Haight Ashbury: A History)
1965 --First Rock Dance Concert. The first rock dance concert ever
1966-Grace Slick makes her first appearance with the Jefferson Airplane at the Filmore West in San Francisco . She replaces Signe Toly Anderson, who left the band to have a baby.
1996 - Get on the Bus, Spike Lee's critically acclaimed, highly energized film about a busload of black men heading from Los Angeles to the "Million Man March" in Washington , D.C. , debuted in United States theaters. Ossie Davis gave an outstanding performance as Jeremiah, the senior member of the group. For the "exemplary ensemble acting of the whole team," the film received a Berlin International Film Festival special mention award.
1967-Joan Baez and 123 other anti-draft demonstrators are arrested for blocking the entrance to the Oakland , California Armed Forces Induction Center. They are jailed for ten days.
1968- At the Mexico City Summer Olympics, American sprinters Tommie Smith and John Carlos, winners of the gold and bronze medals, respectively, in the 200-meter run, raised their black-gloved fists in a black power salute during the medal presentation to call attention to racism and poverty in the Untied States. Two days later, the pair was suspended by the US Olympic Committee and sent home.
1969- The “Miracle” New York Mets defeated the Baltimore Orioles, 5-3, to win the World Series, four games to one. Prior to the 1969 season, the Mets had never won more than 73 games. Their 2100 regular season victories and triumphs over the Atlanta Braves in the NLCS and the Orioles are regarded to be among recent baseball history's more improbable occurrences. “You Gotta Believe” became the catchword for New York Met fans.
1969-- Trumpet Player Roy Hargrove born Waco , Texas
1971-Issac Hayes' "Theme from Shaft" is released.
1976 - Memphis , TN disc jockey Rick Dees and his ‘Cast of Idiots' made it all the way to number one on the "Billboard Hot 100" with the immortal "Disco Duck (Part 1)". Dees today is a disc jockey in Los Angeles and is hosting several varieties of the "Weekly Top 40" show, syndicated around the world.
1976 - Stevie Wonder's album, "Songs in the Key of Life" wound up at number one in the U.S. Hits on the album included "Sir Duke", "Isn't She Lovely" and "I Wish", the double-album stayed at #1 for 14 weeks. Other tracks: "Love's in Need of Love Today", "Have a Talk with God", "Village Ghetto Land", "Contusion", "Knocks Me Off My Feet", "Pastime Paradise", "Summer Soft", "Ordinary Pain", "Saturn", "Ebony Eyes", "Joy Inside My Tears", "Black Man", "Ngiculela - Es Una Historia"/"I Am Singing", "If It's Magic", "As", "Another Star", "All Day Sucker", "Easy Goin' Evening (My Mama's Call)".
Another One Bites the Dust - Queen
Woman in Love - Barbra Streisand
Late in the Evening - Paul Simon
Loving Up a Storm - Razzy Bailey
1982-RCA Records releases Daryl Hall and John Oates' "H2O" which will match the spectacular performance of their last album, "Private Eyes," going to Top Five on the pop LPs chart and yielding two hits: "Maneater" and "One on One."
1985- Intel unveiled a 32-bit microprocessor, the 386. Although other chip makers had already unveiled this new, more powerful chip technology, Intel's introduction of the 32-bit chip was more significant because the company held eighty-five percent of the market for less powerful processors
1986 - Chuck Berry celebrated his 60th birthday with a concert in his home town of St. Louis , Missouri (at the Fox Theatre). The show was organized by Keith Richards (The Rolling Stones) and the concert was used in a documentary titled, "Hail! Hail! Rock 'N' Roll", an overview of Berry 's career.
1987 - Ten cities in the southeastern U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date. The low of 34 degrees at Augusta GA marked their third straight morning of record cold. A cold front brought showers and thunderstorms to parts of the central U.S. Lightning struck a bull and six cows under a tree near Battiest OK. (The National Weather Summary)
1987- Jessica McClure rescued 58 hrs after falling 22' into a well shaft .
1988 - Late afternoon thunderstorms produced severe weather in southwestern Lower Michigan and northern Indiana . One thunderstorm spawned a tornado north of Nappanee IN which caused half a million dollars damage. Six cities in California reported record high temperatures for the date. The afternoon high of 100 degrees at Red Bluff CA was the latest such reading of record for so late in the autumn season.
1988- Orel Hirsheiser, 1st to pitch shutout in playoff and World Series ( game 2)
1989 - Heavy snow blanketed the foothills of Colorado . Up to three inches was reported around Denver . Echo Lake was buried under nineteen inches of snow. Temperatures again warmed into the 80s and lower 90s in the eastern and south central U.S. Thirteen cities reported record high temperatures for the date, including Atlantic City NJ with a reading of 84 degrees.
1990--In Game 1 of the World Series, Oakland 's ten-game post-season winning streak ends as the Reds beat the A's, 7-0. Reds outfielder Eric Davis becomes the 22nd player to hit a homer in his first Fall Classic at-bat.
Red Red Wine - UB40
Groovy Kind of Love - Phil Collins
What's on Your Mind (Pure Energy) - Information Society
Streets of Bakersfield - Dwight Yoakam & Buck Owens
1998-Hackers broke into America Online and altered the online service's Internet address. Millions of e-mail messages were misdirected as a result.
2003-- In Game 7 of the ALCS, thanks to Aaron Boone's 11th inning home run at the 'stadium', the Yankees capture their 39th American League pennant beating the Red Sox, 6-5. The defensive replacement becomes the fifth player to end a post-season series with a homer joining Bill Mazeroski ('60 Pirates, WS Game 7 vs. Yankees), Chris Chambliss ('76 Yankees, ALCS Game 5 vs. Royals), the Joe Carter ('93 Blue Jays, WS Game 6 vs. Phillies) and Todd Pratt ('99 Mets, NLDS Game 4 vs. Diamondbacks).
2005-- For the first time since 1959 making the 46-year absence between Fall Classic appearances the longest in big league history, the White Sox will represent the American League in the World Series. The Pale Hoses' starting rotation throws four consecutive complete games victories against the Angels to capture the ALCS in five games earning an opportunity to be World Champions for the first time since 1917.
World Series Champions This Date
1909 Pittsburgh Pirates
The Baseball Players
Against the bright
grass the white-knockered
By Donald Hall
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