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Monday, April 18, 2022

Today's Leasing News Headlines

Correction: Lynn Eric Smith still at 360 Equipment Finance
    New Hires/Promotions Error
ELFA 33rd Annual National Funding Conference Report
  “Location, Location What a Fantastic Location”
    By Hugh Swandel, President, Meridian OneCap Credit Corporation
Her Identity Stolen and Caller Used UCC to Make Calls
  to Prior Clients, Using her Key Personal Information
    By Ken Greene, Attorney
Finance and Leasing Industry Ads
    We are Growing Our Senior Sales team Now
Blue Bridge Financial added to Story Credit List
    and Funders Looking for Broker Business
Top Ten Leasing News Read by Readers
    April 11 to April 15
CLFP Foundation Adds 19 New CLFPs
    from First Virtual Proctor Exam in March and April
How Much Living Space Does $1,500 Month
    Get You in the United States
Shepherd and Husky Mix
    Buffalo, New York  Adopt-a-Dog
2022 Association Governmental & Leasing Finance
    Annual Conference May2 -4, 2022 St. Pete Beach, FL
News Briefs---
Rotting fruit, spoiled vegetables: How Texas
    just made the supply chain even worse
Why Elon Musk wants to take Twitter private
    Fortune Magazine
Inside JPMorgan's Massive Shift to a
    Tech Product Operating Model; 25 "MiniCEOs"
Cargo ship stuck in Chesapeake Bay
    for more than a month is free

You May have Missed---
Why You Need to Subscribe to WSJ for
   The 'Hell or High Water Clause'
     Is Tormenting Small-Business Owners

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

Sports Brief----
 California Nuts Brief---
   "Gimme that wine"
    This Day in History
      Daily Puzzle
        Weather, USA or specific area
         Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.


Correction: Lynn Eric Smith still at 360 Equipment Finance
New Hires and Promotion Error

Lynn Eric Smith, Vice President of Broker Relations, 360 Equipment Finance, has not left the firm. In Friday's Leasing News Smith was erronously listed in "New Hires/Promotions". The item was deleted when Lynn Eric Smith informed Leasing News Friday morning.

The error was taken from an announcement on LinkedIn: "CIT, a division of First Citizens Bank, today announced that its Capital Equipment Finance business has named Eric Smith as a business development officer serving the West region, which includes California, Oregon, Washington, Alaska and Hawaii."

Leasing News apologizes for the mistake.

Lynn  Eric Smith
Vice President of Broker Relations, 360 Equipment Finance


ELFA 33rd Annual National Funding Conference Report
“Location, Location What a Fantastic Location”
By Hugh Swandel, President, Meridian OneCap Credit Corporation

The Palmer House, Chicago Illinois

The Equipment Lease and Finance Association (ELFA) attracted record crowds to the 33rd Annual Funding Conference at the Palmer House in Chicago. The event capped off a series of high-powered affairs that were very well attended and very well received. The ELFA is well versed in producing fantastic content with a level of polish and professionalism that demonstrates the experience of the association staff.

Prior to the Funding Conference the week began with the Women’s Leadership Forum which had 240 attendees. The ELFA and other industry associations are seeing growing success with events intended to improve diversity and inclusion within the industry. It was satisfying to see the lobby bar dominated by a broad cross section of industry women and their colleagues. There is an increasing normalization of wider representation at industry events and the momentum is strong. While the progress is great there is still much more that can be done to attract and retain diverse talent to our industry.

It may be prudent to offer those attending the Women’s leadership a free opportunity to take in one of the Best Practices round tables. Although many women stayed for the balance of the week, there was a noticeable decline in representation as the week progressed. Of the roughly 50 people attending the Small Ticket Round table, only two were women.  The Women’s Leadership Forum was a huge success and bringing those attendees forward into additional meetings will accelerate the much-needed industry diversification. As an industry, broader inclusion will produce much stronger business decisions and improved appeal to entrepreneurs from all walks of life.

The mood at the 33rd Annual Funding Conference was extremely positive with many attendees reporting record originations despite supply chain problems limiting the amount of available new equipment. There was almost unanimous optimism regarding the prospects for 2022. Concerns were expressed about the Ukraine War, Inflation, margin compression, and the ongoing impacts of the pandemic. These concerns are real but the overall sentiment of attendees was extremely positive. The activity level on the floor of the show and the many suites and meeting rooms was very high. The challenges facing the global economy are very daunting, but you did not feel a great level of immediate concern from attendees. Even the news of the first of multiple half point rate hikes by the Federal Reserve did not seem to dampen the enthusiasm of attendees.

The event took place at the historic Palmer House Hotel and many were heard commenting on the spectacular architecture and rich history of the hotel. A few activities took place in the Empire Room which has hosted presidents, a list of entertainers from a by-gone era (Ella Fitzgerald, Judy Garland, Frank Sinatra, Nat King Cole, Sonny and Cher and many more).  The hallways of each floor are decorated with black and white photos of these entertainers and the years they performed at the Empire Room.

Perhaps the only negative around the week’s events was the very poor audio quality experienced by several speakers presenting in the Empire room. The combination of a underpowered sound system and the boisterous level of table talking impeded the ability to hear great content being presented by a number of dedicated presenters. Sadly, the presentation of the new Foundation report “Equipment Finance Funding, Securitization and Syndication: Best Practices for Today and Tomorrow” (1) fell on “deafened” ears. This report hits the mark of what all attendees want and need to hear about, and it is too bad the audio problems dampened the delivery of some terrific content.

Another well organized and executed event in Chicago now enters the history books. This year’s gathering may be a high-water market for industry optimism and deal making. Time will tell if our resilience will be tested again by the many issues that could impact the road ahead. Until next time Chicago!

(1) New Foundation Study Examines Funding, Securitization
    and Syndication in the Equipment Finance Industry

Hugh Swandel | President
Meridian OneCap Credit Corp
204 – 3185 Willingdon Green
Burnaby, B.C.  V5G 4P3
T: 604-646-2254  | 888-735-2201, extension 8298
C: 236-888-9031


Her Identity Stolen and Caller Used UCC to Make Calls
to Prior Clients, Using her Key Personal Information
By Ken Greene, Attorney

I have a client who was concerned that someone had their California Finance License information. In fact, some of the California Finance Law (CFL) information is private, but some is quite public. If you do a CFL licensee search, you will see the licensee’s license number, status, license type, address, and whether there have been any public (disciplinary) actions against that licensee.

On the NMLS system, the same information is available to the public, plus the phone numbers, fax numbers, email addresses, prior trade names, website, registered agent, and legal status. Some but not all of the data you file via NMLS is confidential. But someone can easily ascertain your CFL license number, industry, name and address.

Truth is there are so many varieties of fraud, and so much technology available to assist the fraudsters, which it isn’t going away in the foreseeable future. The best practices advice I can recommend is to be skeptical about anything you receive that is unexpected or at all peculiar. Double down in your efforts to verify any new business encounters and the information you are provided.

Read documents and emails carefully. There will often be telltale signs of fraud, particularly in email addresses, the time emails are sent (perhaps indicative of an unusual or suspect time zone), strange grammar and/or syntax, etc. (“Dear Mr. Kenneth”…). Bottom line is simply based on the time worn maxim “if it’s too good to be true, it probably isn’t.”

These days, so many of the requests I receive for representation involve identity theft, wire fraud, and the like. Often the inquiry is an exercise in finger pointing. The funder blames the broker who blames the vendor who blames both. The reason for this is simple. The real culprit is a virtual ghost, unidentifiable and unreachable, protected by computer anonymity and trickery.

What can you do to protect yourself? First of all, know your rights. At least in California, there are many laws that impose a duty upon the recipient of personal data to safeguard that data. Still, certain personal information is very public. More critically, certain information that is not meant to be public somehow finds its way there anyway.

Most of all: be vigilant when you learn of untrusted sources utilizing your name and information, particularly information which is not generally known to the public. If you’ve been a victim of data or identity theft, act fast, and do whatever you have to do, no matter how time-consuming or annoying, to abate the nuisance.

Ken Greene
Law Office of Kenneth Charles Greene
5743 Corsa Avenue Suite 208
Westlake Village, California 91362
Tel: 818.575.9095
Fax: 805.435.7464


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Leasing Association
Business Reports
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Steven Elbridge
United States

$20,000-$500,000 avg. size: $85,000


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Top Ten Leasing News Read by Readers
April 11 to April 15

(1) I don't usually brag....

(2) New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
    and Related Industries

(3) New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
    and Related Industries

(4) Business Development for Originators Has Changed
    By Josh Feinberg, President/CEO, Everlasting Capital

(5) Three Simple Things in Life

(6) What this Country Will Rogers

(7)  Maryland Jumps Ship/Connecticut Climbs Aboard
    Kenneth C. Greene, Leasing News Legal Editor

(8)  Story Credit Lessors - Update
    "C" & "D" Lessees, Business Loans, Working Capital

(9) The 'Hell or High Water Clause'
    Is Tormenting Small-Business Owners

(10) Equipment Lease and Finance Association Reports
    Record Turnout at Chicago Events


CLFP Foundation Adds 19 New CLFPs
from First Virtual Proctor Exam in March and April

The CLFP designation identifies an individual as a knowledgeable professional to employers, clients, customers, and peers in the commercial equipment finance industry. There are Certified Lease & Finance Professionals and Associates located throughout the United States (including Puerto Rico), Canada, India, Africa, and Australia.

The Academy for Lease and Finance Professionals (ALFP) is a three-day event designed to fully prepare an individual to sit for the CLFP exam assuming the attendee has already self-studied. A trend has begun in having virtual online sessions.

During the first two days, all of the required sections of the CLFP exam are covered in-depth. On the third day, the exam is offered but is not mandatory and may be taken on another day.

Students are strongly advised to have read and studied The Certified Lease & Finance Professionals' Handbook prior to attending the class in order to ensure success.

Northland Capital hosted the March 21-23, 2022 hosted the Huntington Bank hosted the Private Virtual  April 7 - April  8, 2022. .Here are the 19 individuals who recently sat through the 8-hour online proctored CLFP exam and passed:

Danielle Bonzer, CLFP

Account Executive
Northland Capital Financial Services, LLC

Stephanie Bramer, CLFP

Vice President, Counsel-Senior
The Huntington National Bank

Scott Dawson, CLFP

Director of Business Development
Northland Capital Financial Services, LLC

Kristy Doll, CLFP

Client Account Manager
Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC

Alexandra Dressman, CLFP

Counsel – Senior
The Huntington National Bank

Brian Eschmann, CLFP

Northland Capital Financial Services, LLC

Jackie Ettle, CLFP

Operations Specialist,
Northland Capital Financial Services, LLC

Hiroki Kawai, CLFP

Assistant Vice Presiden
Sumito Mitsui Finance and Leasing Co., Ltd.

Trudie McAdams, CLFP

Senior Counsel
The Huntington National Bank

Molly Morris, CLFP

Sr. Commercial Relationship Service Specialist
The Huntington National Bank

Jennifer Martin, CLFP

Operations Associate
KLC Financial, Inc.

Bradley Nicholson, CLFP

Senior Commercial Portfolio Manager
The Huntington National Bank

Travis Rader, CLFP

Equipment Finance Sales Executive
The Huntington National Bank

MollyAnn Sand, CLFP

Business Development Officer
Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC

Matthias Swanson, CLFP

VP, Commercial Strategic Solutions Analyst Senior
The Huntington National Bank

Maria Trettel, CLFP

Credit Analyst
Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC

Joseph Tuholsky, CLFP

Portfolio Manager
Northland Capital Financial Services, LLC

Jeffrey Wehe, CLFP

Account Executive
Northland Capital Financial Services, LLC

Nicolette Wellington, CLFP

Client Solutions Analyst
The Huntington National Bank

Jeffrey Wehe, Account Executive, Northland Capital Financial Services attended the Academy for Lease & Finance Professionals (ALFP) hosted by Northland Capital and stated, “I chose to pursue the CLFP designation to show personal growth, commitment, and expertise in our industry. I was seeing the designation behind many of the individuals that I highly regard and respect as industry “opinion leaders.” This also motivated me to participate. He further commented, “That was a rigorous exam!  This certification is a commitment to a huge knowledge base.  Very professionally put together and organized.  The academy was FANTASTIC and the teachers ‘top notch!’

Stephanie Bramer, CLFP, Vice President, Counsel-Senior, The Huntington National Bank. commented, “I am a big advocate for CLFP, and I look forward to getting involved. As an attorney, I pursued the CLFP designation to demonstrate that in addition to the legal aspects of equipment financing, I have a comprehensive understanding of the business as a whole including credit, tax, accounting, and pricing.”

For further information, please contact Reid Raykovich, CLFP, Chief Executive Officer , or visit:

New CLFP "Frequently Asked Question" Guide:


Wichita, Kansas offers the most square feet of real estate, at 1,597.

The city, with a population around the 400,000 mark, is accompanied in this part of the ranking by places like Oklahoma City (1,431) and El Paso, Texas (1,305).

On the other end of the scale, the New York borough of Manhattan would yield the least space for renters in 2022. Brooklyn may be a slightly better option with 357. The West Coast is also in a similar league: San Francisco would offer an average of 345 and Los Angeles 454.

By Martin Armstrong, Statista


Shepherd and Husky Mix
Buffalo, New York  Adopt-a-Dog


Pet ID: 49813042
Coat Length:
Vacinatins up-to-date
Friendly, Playful, Funny,
Affectionate, Athletic,
Good in a home with
Other Dogs
Vaccinations Up-to-Date

Meet Langston

Langston is a young, friendly outgoing guy that loves to play fetch. He is quite handsome and a most likely a hodge podge mix of breeds.

He has done great with dogs that the volunteers have matched him with in playgroups. A meet and greet is always required with a resident dog prior to adoption.

Langston is tall, thin, with a lanky physique that is quite athletic. He is about 1 year old which means he still has puppy energy and would benefit from training classes, along with mind engaging activities. He is a happy go lucky guy that just needs to find a great home to settle into, and learn the rules of the “road”. Due to his size, and enthusiasm, we recommend a home to start without young kids that he could easily knock down. He might even enjoy some running, or nice fast paced walks to get that energy out before settling down, and enjoying his new home and dog bed….

If you would like to meet any of the adoptable dogs, please fill out an application online (if you are not already pre-approved) , call the shelter, and leave a message with your name and phone number and the dog you're interested in. Have patience, and they will call you back when they can. From there, a time will be scheduled for you to come and meet the dog. Please be patient, and remember they are very short staffed at the moment.

Applications can be found at

City of Buffalo Animal Shelter
380 North Oak Street
Buffalo, New York 914204
(716) 851 -5894

The Shelter is currently closed to the public during NYPAUSE due to the COVID 9 pandemic. If you are interested in adopting, please call the shelter, leave a message and your call will be returned as soon as possible. The shelter is operating with a reduced staff and wait times will be longer than normal. Please be patient.


Monday, May 2 – Wednesday, May 4, 2022

Conference Theme:
Collaborate, Rejuvenate & Innovate


Conference Schedule

Keynote Session: Moving Forward on Purpose:
The Power of Purposeful Leadership
Keynote Bio: Zach Mercurio, Ph.D., Author & Researcher
Keynote Session: 2022 Economic Update:
The Economy and Government Finance
As the World (Hopefully) Emerges From the Pandemic
Keynote Bio: Chris Kuehl, Managing Director, Armada Corporate Intelligence

Attendee List as of 04/15/2022

Member and Non-Member fee
including print registration

Or Register Online Now!

Hotel Reservation call: 1-800-282-1116 or search area for another hotel


News Briefs---

Rotting fruit, spoiled vegetables: How Texas
    just made the supply chain even worse

Why Elon Musk wants to take Twitter private
   Fortune Magazine

Inside JPMorgan's Massive Shift to a
   Tech Product Operating Model; 25 "MiniCEOs"

Cargo ship stuck in Chesapeake Bay
    for more than a month is free  


You May Have Missed---

Why You Need to Subscribe to WSJ for
   The 'Hell or High Water Clause'
     Is Tormenting Small-Business Owners

This news article was well-read in Friday's "News Briefs", even made the top ten most read last week. It was very critical of leasing companies, including their responses.

Leasing News could not state companies involved in article included Ascentium Capital, De Lage Laden, Financial Pacific, Great America, Pawnee, among others, plus comments from ELFA and ELFF. The free link was provided by a current subscriber.

WSJ is the most read U.S. newspaper by circulation, according to Google. You can join for $4 month for 1 year, thus I am giving you are reason to subscribe can mention above with more details:

Link to "Hell or High Water Clause" article:




Sports Briefs---

Warriors notebook: Steph Curry expected to play Game 2
    but unclear if he’ll start

In a scramble to the finish, Jayson Tatum’s clutch layup
     at the buzzer lifts Celtics past Nets in Game 1, observations

Oregon Ducks’ Micah Williams runs world-leading
    time in 100 meters

Manoah wins second straight start, Blue Jays beat A's 4-3

Oakland Coliseum Ballpark reportedly ranks
    among the worst for concessions

Despite late-inning wobble, Brewers walk away
    with 6-5 victory to split series with Cardinals


California Nuts Briefs---

California State Bar Doesn't Police its 250,000 Attorneys
    or itself Closely Enough, State Audit Finds

Sutter Health nurses, staff plan to strike Monday
     at some SF Bay Area facilities

Fresh snow in Tahoe helps ski season end on high note



"Gimme that wine"

A Napa Favorite Goes Back to the Future
    By Eric Asimov

Bold red blend back on top at 2022 North Coast Wine Challenge

Wine of the week: Vision Cellars, 2019 Sonoma Coast,
     Sonoma County Pinot Noir

“Gimme that Wine”

Free Wine App

Wine Prices by vintage


This Day in History

      1631 - English colony of Massachusetts Bay granted Puritans voting rights and John Winthrop was elected the first governor of Massachusetts. 
    1675 - Kateri Tekakwitha (1656-80), a Mohawk-Algonquian, was baptized as Catherine. She was the first Native American proposed for sainthood in the Roman Catholic Church. Raised by an anti-Christian uncle after her parents died when she was four, when she was 19, she followed in her mother's footsteps and was baptized Christian. It is said she faced bigotry by Mohawks who opposed Christianity and saw it destroying their way of life. She was pious and refused to marry, taking a devout vow of perpetual virginity, further separating her from the Indian culture. It is said she lived a "life of great spirituality and asceticism." After her death at age 24, miracles were attributed to her and, in 1884, a plenary council of the Roman Catholic Church, meeting in the U.S., petitioned Rome for her canonization. The move was seen as a step to influence Indians to accept the church that accepted them as well as to recognize miracles attributed to her. Under the pontificate of Pope John Paul II, she was beatified in 1980 and canonized by Pope Benedict XVI on October 21, 2012.  Various miracles and supernatural events are attributed to her intercession.    
    1689 – Bostonians rebelled against Sir Edmund Andros. He was the governor of the Dominion of New England during most of its three-year existence. At other times, Andros served as governor of the provinces of New York, East and West Jersey, Virginia and Maryland. His tenure in New England was authoritarian and turbulent, as his views were decidedly pro-Anglican, a negative quality in a region home to many Puritans. His actions in New England resulted in this overthrow. 
    1775 - Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott started at about 10pm to warn American patriots between Boston and Concord, Massachusetts of the approaching British. Revere never completed the ride as he was captured by the British. The poem only remembers the one rider. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow’s poem about Paul Revere, published in 1861, was written to impress northerners during the Civil War of the necessity of fighting for liberty:
“One, if by land, and two, if by sea:
And I on the opposite shore will be,
Ready to ride and spread the alarm
Through every Middlesex village and farm
For the country fold to be up and to arm.”
From Richard Shenkman’s “I love Paul Revere whether he rode on Not:
President Harding worries about Paul Revere:
“Imagine for a moment in 1923, Al Capone is assembling an army of gun-toting henchmen in Chicago. (They will number 700 before he is through.) Cotton farmers in the South are sunk in depression. The Ku Klux Klan is on the rise. Newspaper headlines tell of corruption in the Veterans Bureau (the director has had to resign). Rumors in the capital hint of the coming Teapot Dome Scandal (Eventually two secretaries in the cabinet will go to jail, convicted of corruption.) But these are not the things that concern the president of the United Sates. What worries Warren Harding---touring the country on a campaign swing that will prove to be his last---is a recent attack on the legend of Paul Revere. An iconoclast had noted that Revere never completed the ride made famous by Longfellow. Before giving warning to Concord, Revere was discovered by the British and captured. They kept his horse, but released him, not knowing his mission, but wanting his horse as “tribute.” Dawes horse fell during the long and rough trip and could not finish. Harding, however, told the crowd he didn’t care. “I love the story of Paul Revere,” the president intoned in his most presidential-sounding voice, “whether he rode or not.” The fact is Paul Revere did ride, but it was Samuel Prescott who finished and actually made the warning known. The Minutemen were prepared for the British attack on April 19.
    1818 - A regiment of Indians and blacks is defeated at the Battle of Suwanna, in Florida, ending the first Seminole War.
    1829 - Birthday of Katherine Russell, Mother Mary Baptist (d. 1898), Newry, Ireland.  She established homes in San Francisco for prostitutes, unemployed women, the aged and infirmed, and founded St. Mary’s Hospital
in San Francisco. A House of Mercy for unemployed women opened in 1855, a Magdalene Asylum for prostitutes in 1861, and the home for the aged and infirmed in 1872. The daughter of a well-to-do family, she became a nun in her native Ireland. She headed a group of eight sisters sent to San Francisco to establish a convent and school. During a cholera epidemic, her order worked with the city to care for dependent patients at a government hospital. Religious problems arose and Mother Mary purchased the building and named it St. Mary's Hospital, the first Catholic hospital on the Pacific coast. Under her direction the convent opened branches and hospitals in several California cities.
    1831 – The University of Alabama was founded.  UA is the oldest and the largest of the public universities in Alabama. The General Assembly of Alabama established a seminary on December 18, 1820, named it "The University of the State of Alabama" and created a Board of Trustees to manage the construction and operation of the university.  The board chose as the site of the campus a place which was then just outside the city limits of Tuscaloosa, the state capital at the time.  The university's charter was presented to the first university president, Alva Woods, in the name of Christ Episcopal Church. 
    1839 - Violinist Frantz Jehin-Prume (d. 1899), the first musician of international reputation to choose Canada as his home, was born in Spa, Belgium. He made many successful concert tours of Europe and in 1863 was appointed "violinist of the king's own music" by Leopold the First of Belgium. Jehin-Prume later visited Mexico, then toured the US and Canada. He settled in Montreal in 1871, becoming a Canadian citizen. Jehin-Prume and his wife, the singer Rosita del Vecchio, played an important role in the development of Montreal's musical life. In 1891, he formed Quebec's first professional chamber music society. Jehin-Prume continued to give concerts and also was a prodigious composer. But in 1896, failing health forced him to reduce his activities. Frantz Jehin-Prune is considered one of the most accomplished musicians in Canadian history. 
    1847 - U.S. forces defeat Mexicans at Cerro Gordo in one of the bloodiest battles of the war, one of the turning points of the war. After
purchasing all the land from France, the Southwest was seized in
war with Mexico.
    1856 - Senator J.B. Weller of California urged passage of a bill to authorize and facilitate the construction of a railroad and magnetic telegraph to the West.
    1857 - Birthday of Clarence Darrow (d. 1938), at Kinsman, OH. American attorney often associated with unpopular causes, from the Pullman strike in 1894 to the Scottsboro case in 1932.  At the Scopes trial, July 13, 1925, Darrow said: "I do not consider it an insult, but rather a compliment, to be called an agnostic. I do not pretend to know where many ignorant men are sure--that is all that agnosticism means."
    1861 – Col. Robert E. Lee rejected an appointment to command the Union Army.  The son of Revolutionary War officer Henry “Light Horse Harry” Lee III, Lee was a top graduate of the US Military Academy at West Point and an exceptional officer and military engineer in the US Army for 32 years. During this time, he served throughout the United States, distinguished himself during the Mexican-American War, and served as Superintendent at West Point.  When Virginia declared its secession from the Union in April 1861, Lee chose to follow his home state, despite his personal desire for the country to remain intact and his opposition to slavery. 
    1864 - At Poison Springs, Arkansas, Confederate soldiers under the command of General Samuel Maxey capture a Union forage train and slaughter black troops escorting the expedition. The Battle of Poison Springs was part of broad Union offensive in the region of Texas, Louisiana, and Arkansas. General Nathaniel Banks had led a Yankee force through Louisiana in March and April, but a defeat in northwestern Louisiana at the Battle of Mansfield on April 8 sent Banks in retreat. Union forces nearby in Arkansas were moving towards Banks' projected thrust into Texas with the intention of securing southwestern Arkansas for the Federals. Union General Frederick Steele occupied Camden, Arkansas, on April 15. Two days later, he sent Colonel John Williams and 1,100 of his 14,000-man force to gather 5,000 bushels of corn discovered west of Camden. The force arrived to find that Confederate marauders had destroyed half of the store, but the Yankees loaded the rest into some 200 wagons and prepared to return to Camden. On the way back Maxey and 3,600 Confederates intercepted them. Maxey placed General John Marmaduke in charge of the attack that ensued. Williams positioned part of his force, the 1st Kansas Colored Infantry, between the wagon train the Confederate lines. The regiment was the first black unit in the army, comprised primarily of ex-slaves. The determined soldiers of the 1st Kansas stopped the first two Rebel attacks, but they were running low on ammunition. A third assault overwhelmed the Kansans, and the rout was on. Williams gathered the remnants of his force and retreated from the abandoned wagons. More than 300 Yankee troops were killed, wounded, or captured, while the Confederates lost just 13 killed and 81 wounded. Most shocking was the Rebel treatment of the black troops. No black troops were captured, and those left wounded on the battlefield were brutally killed, scalped, and stripped. The Washington Telegraph, the major Confederate newspaper in Arkansas, justified the atrocity by declaring "We cannot treat Negroes taken in arms as prisoners of war without a destruction of social system for which we contend."
    1865 - Union General William Tecumseh Sherman and Confederate Joseph Johnston signed a broad political peace agreement at Durham Station, North Carolina. The agreement promised a general amnesty for all Southerners and pledged federal recognition of all Southern state governments after their officials took an oath of allegiance to the US. The new administration reneged on this and Sherman was roundly criticized publicly in drawing up the agreement that former President Lincoln and General Grant had instructed him to negotiate. The agreement was rejected by President Andrew Johnson and Sherman and Johnston were forced to reach a new agreement with terms virtually the same as those given Robert E. Lee.
    1879 – After several relocations to reservations and resulting skirmishes with the Army, Standing Bear's eldest son, Bear Shield, was among those dead of starvation and disease. Standing Bear had promised to bury him in the Niobrara River valley homeland, so he left to travel north with about 30 followers.  When they reached the Omaha Reservation in Nebraska, word of their arrival in Nebraska soon reached the government. Under orders from the Secretary of the Interior, Brigadier General George Crook had the Ponca chief arrested for having left the reservation in Indian Territory.  Although the official orders were to return them immediately to Indian Territory, Crook was sympathetic to the Ponca and was appalled to learn of the conditions they had left. He delayed their return so the Ponca could rest, regain their health, and seek legal redress.  Crook told the Ponca story to Thomas Tibbles, an outspoken advocate of Native American rights and an editor of the Omaha Daily Herald, who publicized the Poncas' story widely. The attorney John L. Webster offered his services pro bono and was joined by Andrew J. Poppleton, chief attorney of the Union Pacific Railroad.  They aided Standing Bear, who in April 1879 sued for a writ of Habeus corpus in US District Court in Omaha in the case known as United States ex rel. Standing Bear v. Crook. General Crook was named as the formal defendant because he was holding the Ponca under color of law.  The judge allowed Chief Standing Bear to make a speech in his own behalf. Raising his right hand, Standing Bear proceeded to speak. Among his words were, "That hand is not the color of yours, but if I prick it, the blood will flow, and I shall feel pain," said Standing Bear. "The blood is of the same color as yours. God made me, and I am a man."  On May 12, 1879, Judge Elmer S. Duffy ruled that "an Indian is a person" within the meaning of habeas corpus. He stated that the federal government had failed to show a basis under law for the Poncas' arrest and captivity.  It was a landmark case, recognizing that an Indian is a “person” under the law and entitled to its rights and protection. “The right of expatriation is a natural, inherent and inalienable right and extends to the Indian as well as to the more fortunate white race,” the judge concluded.  The Army immediately freed Standing Bear and his followers. The case gained the attention of the Hayes administration, which provided authority for Standing Bear and some of the tribe to return permanently to the Niobrara valley in Nebraska.
    1880 - Birthday of Samuel Earl “Wahoo Sam” Crawford (d. 1968), Wahoo, Nebraska. Wahoo Sam played in the Majors for 20 years with the Detroit Tigers, racking up a career batting average of .309. His record of 312 career triples still stands. He was inducted into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1957.
    1880 - A major tornado outbreak occurred from Arkansas to Michigan with 22 tornadoes rated F2 or greater. Three F4 tornadoes in Missouri did most of the killing with 68 people killed at Marshfield, Missouri. Another F4 tornado in Missouri was on the ground for 93 miles. 165 people were killed in this outbreak and over 500 were injured.
    1899 - At age 26, John McGraw made his managerial debut with the Baltimore Orioles of the National league. McGraw leads them to a 5 - 3 victory over the New York Giants, a team he will later manage for more than 30 years. 
    1906 - Over 3,000 lives were lost in the San Francisco earthquake, subsequently measured at approximately 7.8 magnitude as the Richter Scale had not been invented yet, primarily due to the fire that practically destroyed San Francisco; some 10,000 acres were affected, as far as Mendocino, where farms near the coast actually fell into the ocean. While much damage was caused by the earthquake, it was the seventh Great Fire that burned for four days that contributed to the deaths. Hundreds, perhaps thousands of trapped persons died when South-of-Market tenements collapsed as the ground liquefied beneath them. The earthquake shock was felt from Coos Bay, Oregon, to Los Angeles, and as far east as central Nevada, an area of about 375,000 square miles, approximately half of which was in the Pacific Ocean. There were 135 aftershocks on April 18, and 22 on April 19. 
    1913 - Birthday of American composer Kent Kennan (d. 2003), Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
    1921 - Birthday of Barbara Hale (d. 2017), DeKalb, IL.  Actor best known for her TV portrayal of Perry Mason's dutiful secretary Della Street.
    1922 - Birthday of calypso music pioneer Lord Kitchener (d. 2000), born Aldwyn Roberts in Trinidad and Tobago.
    1923 - More than 74,000 fans attended Opening Day festivities as the New York Yankees inaugurated their new stadium. The stadium was built from 1922 to 1923 for $2.4 million ($33.9 million in 2016 dollars). The stadium's construction was paid entirely by Yankees owner Jacob Ruppert.  Babe Ruth christened it with a game-winning three-run homer into the right-field bleachers. In his coverage of the game for the New York Evening Telegram, sportswriter Fred Lieb described Yankee Stadium as “The House That Ruth Built,” and the name stuck.  This Yankee Stadium was the home of 26 World Series championship teams; the New York football Giants from 1956-1974 that included the so-called ‘greatest game ever played’ – the 1958 NFL Championship between the Baltimore Colts and the Giants; boxing championship bouts, concerts, Jehovah’s Witnesses conventions (see record attendance) and three Papal Masses. Over the course of its history, it became one of the most famous venues in the United States, also known as the Cathedral of Baseball. Yankee Stadium closed following the 2008 baseball season and the new stadium opened in 2009, across the street, adopting the "Yankee Stadium" moniker. The original Yankee Stadium was demolished in 2010 and the 8-acre site was converted into a park called Heritage Field, open to public baseball and softball teams.
    1924 - Simon and Schuster, Inc. published the first "Crossword Puzzle Book." 
    1925 - The Woman's World Fair, in Chicago opened. The exhibits showed women's progress in major industries and professions and historians considered it as a landmark in the recognition of women's contribution to civilization.
    1927 - Canadian composer and pianist Marian Grudeff (d. 2006) was born in Toronto. She and another Canadian, Ray Jessel, were engaged by producer Alexander H. Cohen to write songs for the musical "Baker Street," which premiered in Boston in December, 1964. After revisions, the show opened in New York the following February. "Baker Street," based on the story of Sherlock Holmes, was called one of the best musicals of the 1960's.
    1929 - Red Nichols and his Five Pennies recorded the Glenn Miller arrangement of "Indiana" for Brunswick Records in New York City. Players included Benny Goodman, Gene Krupa and Jack Teagarden.  The movie “The Five Pennies.”
Again," his signature song that he co-wrote with Ray Whitley.  Members of the Western Writers of America chose it as one of the Top 100 Western songs of all time.  
    1939 - Announcer Red Barber called the action in the Brooklyn Dodgers’ 7-3 loss to the New York Giants, marking the first time a regular-season Brooklyn game was broadcast on the radio. 
    1941 - Sidney Bechet, playing six instruments, records “Blues of Bechet,” (Victor 27485)
    1941 - Birthday of singer Wilson Pickett (d. 2006), Prattville, AL.  A major figure in the development of American soul music, Pickett recorded over 50 songs which made the US R&B charts, many of which crossed over to the Billboard Hot 100. Among his best-known hits are "In the Midnight Hour" (which he co-wrote), "Land of 1,000 Dances," "Mustang Sally," and "Funky Broadway."  Pickett was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1991, in recognition of his impact on songwriting and recording.
    1940 - Mike Vickers, saxophone player and guitarist with the British group Manfred Mann, was born in Southampton, England. Leader Manfred Mann, whose real name is Manfred Lubowitz, immigrated to England from South Africa in the early 1960's. His group became part of the "British Invasion" of the North American record charts with such hits as "Do Wah Diddy Diddy," "Pretty Flamingo" and "Mighty Quinn." After the demise of his group, Manfred Mann formed another band called Chapter Three in 1969. In the following decade, this evolved into Manfred Mann's Earth Band, a heavy metal group.
    1942 - Birthday of Peter Kornel “Pete” Gogolak, Budapest, Hungary.  The son of a physician, Gogolak came to the US with his family as a teen, following the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and settled in upstate New York.  He played college football at Cornell University as a place-kicker, where he was a member of Delta Upsilon Fraternity (Ralph Mango’s Fraternity brother).  He is generally regarded as the first soccer-style kicker in pro football as he was selected in the twelfth round of the AFL draft by the Buffalo Bills, bringing yet another innovation to the upstart league that had become known for its experimentation.  In 1965, he scored 115 points and was selected by his peers as a Sporting News All-AFL player. He made 28 of 46 field goal attempts and connected on all 31 extra point attempts.  In 1966, after playing two seasons for the AFL's Bills, he joined the NFL's Giants in May after playing out his option, sparking the "war between the leagues" and effectively expediting the subsequent AFL-NFL merger agreement in June.  In 2010, the New York Giants announced that Gogolak would be included in the team's new Ring of Honor to be displayed at all home games in their new stadium.
    1942 - The Toronto Maple Leafs completed the greatest comeback in Stanley Cup playoff history by defeating the Detroit Red Wings, 3-1, in Game 7 of the finals. The Leafs were down three games to none before they evened the series with 4-3, 9-3, and 3-0 victories.
    1942 - 16 B-25 airplanes of the 17th Bombardment Group, 8th Air force, led by Colonel James Harold Doolittle, took off from U.S.S. Hornet, the first air raid to strike the Japanese homeland and provided a terrific boost to US morale.  Up to that point, the war was going poorly for the US after the Pearl harbor attacks. Traveling low over the water, they dropped bombs on the cities of Tokyo, Kobe, and Nagoya, and then continued straight on until they ran out of fuel and crash-landed in the Chinese countryside. Fifteen aircraft reached China, but all crashed, while the 16th landed in the Soviet Union. All but three of the 80 crew members initially survived the mission. Eight soldiers were captured by the Japanese Army in China; three of those were later executed. The B-25 that landed in the Soviet Union was confiscated and its crew interned for more than a year. Fourteen complete crews, except for one crewman who was killed in action, returned either to the United States or to American forces.  The damage to Tokyo was more psychological than physical and it cast doubt in Japan on the ability of its military leaders to defend their home islands. It also contributed to Admiral Yamamoto’s decision to attack Midway, an attack that turned into a decisive strategic defeat of the Japanese Navy by the U.S. Navy.  Doolittle, who initially believed that loss of all his aircraft would lead to his being court-martialed, received the Medal of Honor and was promoted two steps to brigadier general.    
    1943 - Traveling in a bomber, Japanese Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto, the mastermind of the attack on Pearl Harbor, is shot down by American P-38 fighters.
    1944 - California experienced its worst hailstorm of record. Damage mounted to 2 million dollars as 2 consecutive storms devastated the Sacramento Valley destroying the fruit crop.
    1944 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit:  “It's Love-Love-Love,'' Guy Lombardo & His Royal Canadians. It is one of Lombardo's 26 No. 1 pop songs. Lombardo's is the only dance band to ever sell more than 100 million records.
    1945 - Ernie Pyle was killed by enemy fire on the island of Ie Shima. After his death, President Harry S. Truman spoke of how Pyle "told the story of the American fighting man as the American fighting men wanted it told." He was buried in his hometown of Dana, Indiana, next to local soldiers who had fallen in battle. Pyle, born in Dana, Indiana, first began writing a column for the Scripps-Howard newspaper chain in 1935. Eventually syndicated to some 200 U.S. newspapers, Pyle's column, which related the lives and hopes of typical citizens, captured America's affection. In 1942, after the United States entered World War II, Pyle went overseas as a war correspondent. He covered the North Africa campaign, the invasions of Sicily and Italy, and on June 7, 1944, went ashore at Normandy the day after Allied forces landed. Pyle, who always wrote about the experiences of enlisted men rather than the battles they participated in, described the D-Day scene: "It was a lovely day for strolling along the seashore. Men were sleeping on the sand, some of them sleeping forever. Men were floating in the water, but they didn't know they were in the water, for they were dead." The same year, he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for distinguished correspondence and, in 1945, traveled to the Pacific to cover the war against Japan.
    1945 - The last German forces resisting in the Ruhr Pocket surrender. Field Marshal Model, commanding German Army Group B inside the pocket, commits suicide. About 325,000 German prisoners have been taken in this area by the Allied forces. Meanwhile, the US 9th Army captures Magdeburg and troops of US 3rd Army cross the Czechoslovakian border after a rapid advance. 
    1945 - DALY, MICHAEL J., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Captain (then Lieutenant), U.S. Army, Company A, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Nuremberg, Germany, 18 April 1945. Entered service at: Southport, Conn. Born: 15 September 1924, New York, N.Y. G.O. No.: 77, 10 September 1945. Citation: Early in the morning of 18 April 1945, he led his company through the shell-battered, sniper-infested wreckage of Nuremberg, Germany. When bl1stering machinegun fire caught his unit in an exposed position, he ordered his men to take cover, dashed forward alone, and, as bullets whined about him, shot the 3-man gun crew with his carbine. Continuing the advance at the head of his company, he located an enemy patrol armed with rocket launchers which threatened friendly armor. He again went forward alone, secured a vantage point and opened fire on the Germans. Immediately he became the target for concentrated machine pistol and rocket fire, which blasted the rubble about him. Calmly, he continued to shoot at the patrol until he had killed all 6 enemy infantrymen. Continuing boldly far in front of his company, he entered a park, where as his men advanced, a German machinegun opened up on them without warning. With his carbine, he killed the gunner; and then, from a completely exposed position, he directed machinegun fire on the remainder of the crew until all were dead. In a final duel, he wiped out a third machinegun emplacement with rifle fire at a range of 10 yards. By fearlessly engaging in 4 single-handed fire fights with a desperate, powerfully armed enemy, Lt. Daly, voluntarily taking all major risks himself and protecting his men at every opportunity, killed 15 Germans, silenced 3 enemy machineguns and wiped out an entire enemy patrol. His heroism during the lone bitter struggle with fanatical enemy forces was an inspiration to the valiant Americans who took Nuremberg.
    1946 - MERRELL, JOSEPH F., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, Company I, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Lohe, Germany, 18 April 1945. Entered service at: Staten Island, N.Y. Birth: Staten Island, N.Y. G.O. No.: 21, 26 February 1946. Citation: He made a gallant, 1-man attack against vastly superior enemy forces near Lohe, Germany. His unit, attempting a quick conquest of hostile hill positions that would open the route to Nuremberg before the enemy could organize his defense of that city, was pinned down by brutal fire from rifles, machine pistols, and 2 heavy machineguns. Entirely on his own initiative, Pvt. Merrell began a single-handed assault. He ran 100 yards through concentrated fire, barely escaping death at each stride, and at pointblank range engaged 4 German machine pistol men with his rifle, killing all of them while their bullets ripped his uniform. As he started forward again, his rifle was smashed by a sniper's bullet, leaving him armed only with 3 grenades. But he did not hesitate. He zigzagged 200 yards through a hail of bullets to within 10 yards of the first machinegun, where he hurled 2 grenades and then rushed the position ready to fight with his bare hands if necessary. In the emplacement he seized a Luger pistol and killed what Germans had survived the grenade blast. Rearmed, he crawled toward the second machinegun located 30 yards away, killing 4 Germans in camouflaged foxholes on the way, but himself receiving a critical wound in the abdomen. And yet he went on, staggering, bleeding, disregarding bullets which tore through the folds of his clothing and glanced off his helmet. He threw his last grenade into the machinegun nest and stumbled on to wipe out the crew. He had completed this self-appointed task when a machine pistol burst killed him instantly. In his spectacular 1-man attack Pvt. Merrell killed 6 Germans in the first machinegun emplacement, 7 in the next, and an additional 10 infantrymen who were astride his path to the weapons which would have decimated his unit had he not assumed the burden of the assault and stormed the enemy positions with utter fearlessness, intrepidity of the highest order, and a willingness to sacrifice his own life so that his comrades could go on to victory. 
    1946 - Lead vocalist Skip Spence (d. 1999) of Moby Grape is born in Windsor, Ontario.
    1946 – Jackie Robinson made his minor league debut for the Montreal Royals, the International League farm club of the Brooklyn Dodgers, becoming the first black person to play Organized Baseball in the 20th century.  Robinson smashed a home run and three singles on his way to winning the league batting championship. 
    1950 - The first transatlantic jet passenger trip is completed.
    1950 - At Fenway Park, to the delight of 31,822 fans, Boston ripped Yankees starter Allie Reynolds with a five-run 4th inning to drive him from the game and take a 9 - 0 lead. But the Yankees scored four runs in the 6th off Mel Parnell and then, down 10 - 4, unloaded for nine runs in the 8th. Billy Martin became the first player in Major League history to get two base hits in one inning in his first game.  Boo Ferriss, pitching in his last game, allowed the last two runs in the 9th inning as the Yankees chalked up a 15 - 10 victory, the biggest blown lead the Red Sox have ever had at Fenway Park until June 4, 1989 when they blew a 10-run lead at home. 
    1954 - Birthday of American composer Robert Greenberg, Brooklyn.
    1956 - Top Hits
“Heartbreak Hotel/I Was the One” - Elvis Presley
“The Poor People of Paris” - Les Baxter
“Long Tall Sally” - Little Richard
“Blue Suede Shoes” - Carl Perkins
    1957 - Army reserve Lieutenant Buddy Knox whose "Party Doll" was a recent Number One, is called up for six months of active duty. Roulette Records' A&R team, Hugo Peretti and Luigi Creatore rush Knox to the studio to cut over 20 songs to ensure his career does not stall while he's in uniform. It does anyway.
    1958 – In LA, the Dodgers played their first game at the Coliseum in front of a crowd of 78,672. Carl Erskine won, besting Al Worthington and the SF Giants, 6-5.  It was the Dodgers first home game in California after moving from Brooklyn the previous winter.
    1959 - Birthday of Susan Faludi in Queens, NYC.  Author and journalist.  Known especially for her exploration of the depiction of women by the news media, she won the 1991 Pulitzer Prize for explanatory journalism. Her best known book is “Backlash, the Undeclared War against Women.” She worked for the New York Times, San Jose Mercury, and Miami Herald among other newspapers and was managing editor of the Harvard Crimson when she attended that university.
    1960 - Dr. William M. Chardack inserted a wire implant into the heart of Frank Henefelt, a cardiac patient, to test the invention by Dr. Chardack and engineer Wilson Greatbatch, both of Buffalo, NY, patented this day. The battery-powered pulse generator unit tested successfully and was implanted into Henefelt’s abdomen. He lived for 2.5 years with the device. Swedish doctors first implanted a similar device in 1958.
    1964 - Top Hits
“Can’t Buy Me Love” - The Beatles
“Twist and Shout” - The Beatles
“Suspicion” - Terry Stafford
“Understand Your Man” - Johnny Cash
    1965 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit:  “Game of Love,'' Wayne Fontana & the Mindbenders.
    1966 - 38th Annual Academy Awards celebration at the Santa Monica Civic Auditorium in Los Angeles. Bob Hope was the host, for the sixth time. He received a gold medal, the Honorary Award for unique and distinguished service to the film industry and the Academy. Other award recipients included Shelley Winters for her Best Supporting Actress role in "A Patch of Blue;" Martin Balsam, Best Supporting Actor for his performance in "A Thousand Clowns." The Best Actor Oscar went to my former Latimer Road neighbor in the Pacific Palisades, Lee Marvin ("Cat Ballou"); and Julie Christie picked up the Best Actress Oscar ("Darling"). The Oscar for the Best Music/Song from a 1965 movie was "The Shadow of Your Smile" from "The Sandpiper" (Johnny Mandel-music, Paul Francis Webster-lyrics). It’s a good thing that the "Oscars" were being broadcast in color this night (the first time) because the Best Director and Best Picture winner was "The Sound of Music" (Robert Wise, producer and director).
    1971 - The Diana Ross television musical special “Diana,” featuring guest stars Jackson 5, Bill Cosby, and Danny Thomas, airs on ABC.
    1972 - Top Hits
“The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face” - Roberta Flack
“I Gotcha” - Joe Tex
“Rockin’ Robin” - Michael Jackson
“My Hang-Up is You” - Freddie Hart
    1974 - James Brown, the ‘Godfather of Soul,” received a gold record this day for the single, "The Payback." Of the 44 hits that Brown would put on the charts over three decades, he received only one other gold record -- for "Get on the Good Foot - Part 1" in 1972. His biggest pop hits include: "I Got You (I Feel Good)" at number three in 1965, "Papa’s Got a Brand New Bag" at number eight in 1965, "It’s a Man’s Man’s Man’s World" at number eight in 1966, "I Got The Feelin’" at number six in 1968 and "Living in America" at number four in 1986. This song was featured in the Sylvester Stallone film, "Rocky IV." He had been in and out of jail for spousal abuse and other ailments, but started the singing-dance craze imitated by all those followed him in R & B, including Michael Jackson.
    1975 - James Benton Parsons (1911-93) was appointed chief justice of the Illinois Supreme Court by President John F. Kennedy. He is the first African-American chief justice of a state supreme court.
    1975 - Alice Cooper's first TV special, "Welcome to My Nightmare: The Making of a Record Album" airs.
    1977 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit:  “Don't Leave Me This Way,'' Thelma Houston.
    1978 - The U.S. Senate approves the transfer of the Panama Canal to Panama. 
    1980 - Top Hits
“Another Brick in the Wall” - Pink Floyd
“Call Me” - Blondie
“Ride like the Wind” - Christopher Cross
“Honky Tonk Blues” - Charley Pride
    1981 - British progressive rock band Yes announces its break-up. During its 13-year career, the group became one of the world's most popular exponents of intricate, mystical, symphonic rock, despite the fact that they only had one big chart hit, "Roundabout." It went to #13 in 1972. Of course, they reunite on numerous occasions over the years.
    1981 – The longest professional baseball game in organized baseball history began at McCoy Stadium in Pawtucket, RI. The game was suspended at 4:00 the next morning and was finally completed on June 23.  The Pawtucket Red Sox played the Rochester Red Wings for 33 innings, with eight hours and 25 minutes of playing time. 32 innings were played April 18/19 and the final 33rd inning was played June 23, 1981. Pawtucket won the game, 3–2. Future Red Sox Hall of Famer Wade Boggs drove in the tying run in the bottom of the 21st inning after a Rochester run.  The PawSox included Marty Barrett and Rich Gedman who went on to star for the Boston Red Sox, while future Orioles Hall of Famer Cal Ripken, Jr played 3B for the Red Wings.
    1983 - A suicide bomber kills 63, including U.S. Marines at the U.S. Embassy in Lebanon.
    1983 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit:  “Come on Eileen,'' Dexys Midnight Runners.
    1985 - Tulane University abolished its 72-year-old basketball program, and shocked the college sports world with the announcement. The school said that charges of fixed games, drug use and payments to players contributed to the shutdown of the basketball program. 
    1985 - Wham's "Make It Big" LP is released in China, making it the first Western album to be released there.
    1985 - Liberace breaks his own record at Radio City Music Hall, pulling in two million dollars for his latest engagement.
    1987 - When her newest release reached the top of the Billboard chart, Aretha Franklin set a record for the artist with the longest gap between US #1 singles. It had been 19 years, 10 months from "Respect" (June 1967) to "I Knew You Were Waiting for Me" (With George Michael). 
    1987 - The Philadelphia Phillies’ Mike Schmidt hit the 500th home run of his career with two outs in the sixth inning of a game against the Pittsburgh Pirates.  The Phillies rallied to win, 8-6. Schmidt finished his career with 548 homers, seventh on the all-time list at the time.
    1988 - Miles Davis played at the San Francisco War Memorial Opera House view the Original Poster for this event at Wolfgang's Vault.
    1988 - Top Hits
“Get Outta My Dreams, Get Into My Car” - Billy Ocean
“Devil Inside” - INXS
“Where Do Broken Hearts Go” - Whitney Houston
“I Wanna Dance with You” - Eddie Rabbitt
    1990 - Heavy snow blanketed the west central valleys and southwest mountains of Colorado with up to 18 inches of snow. Nine cities from the Mid-Mississippi Valley to the Middle Atlantic Coast Region reported record low temperatures for the date, including Fort Wayne, IN, with a reading of 23 degrees.
    1992 - Albums by Def Leppard, Bruce Springsteen and Wynonna debut in the top four spots on Billboard's pop album chart. The albums are Def Leppard's “Adrenalize,'' Springsteen's “Human Touch'' and “Lucky Town'' and Wynonna's “Wynonna.'' (Wynonna Judd launches her solo career with the album and drops her last name to distance herself from her success as half of the mother-daughter duo, The Judds.)
    1994 – Former and disgraced President Richard Nixon suffered a stroke that would end his life four days later.
    1995 – Arguably, still the NFL’s greatest QB, Joe Montana retired in front of a huge crowd at Justin Herman Plaza in San Francisco.  In 16 seasons, 14 of which were with the San Francisco 49ers, he won four Super Bowls and was the first three-time Super Bowl MVP. He also held, at the time of his retirement, Super Bowl career records for most passes without an interception (122 in 4 games) and the all-time highest quarterback rating of 127.8. Montana was elected to the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 2000, his first year of eligibility, with teammate Ronnie Lott. 
    1995 – The Houston Post ceased publication after 116 years.
    1998 - Country group Diamond Rio are inducted into the Grand Ole Opry. The band opens their performance with their first number one hit "Meet in the Middle.
    2001 - The San Francisco Board of Supervisors committee approved a plan to give sex change benefits to city employees.
    2003 - In four barricaded cottages in conquered Baghdad, Iraq, US troops find $656 million in US currency, in $100 bills stacked inside galvanized aluminum boxes sealed with blue strapping tape and green seals stamped "Bank of Jordan." On 22 April 2003, in the same Baghdad neighborhood, US troops would find another $112 million, similarly packed, hidden in seven dog kennels.
    2004 - Blink-182 drummer Travis Barker opens a franchise of the popular restaurant chain Wahoo's Fish Taco in Norco, Calif.
    2007 - The Supreme Court upheld the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act in a 5–4 decision.
    2013 - Viacom lost a billion-dollar copyright infringement suit against YouTube.  In November 2006, it was bought by Google for $1.65 billion.  

NBA Champions:
    1962 - Boston Celtics
Stanley Cup Champions:
    1942 - Toronto Maple Leafs
    1959 - Montreal Canadiens
    1963 - Toronto Maple Leafs



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