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Wednesday, December 15, 2021

Today's Leasing News Headlines

Reminder: Wednesday, December 15, 1-2 p.m. EST Free Webinar
  Why It is Very Important
    By Kenneth C. Greene, Leasing News Legal Editor
Balboa Capital Now a
    Division of Ameris Bank
Dedicated to Success
    Sales Makes it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP
Leasing and Finance Industry Ads
    Give Yourself the Gift of a New Remote Sales Job
Where Semiconductors Are Made
    Largest Contract Chip Manufactures
Small and Medium-Sized Equipment Finance Businesses
  ELFA Releases Compensation Report
    Standard Price $1999 Member Price $999
California DFPI to End High-Interest Rate Loans
    for Marketed by LoanMart for 21 Months
Hound Mix
    Moultrie, Georgia  Adopt-a-Dog
Exceptional Wines for the 2021 Winter Holidays
  By Kevan R. Wilkinson, Leasing News Wine Reviewer
    Part 1
News Briefs---
Senate votes to increase debt limit by
    $2.5 trillion extending into 2023
Intuit QuickBooks Projects 17 Million New Entrepreneurs
    To Join Rapidly Growing Small Business Economy in 2022
Ameren to shutter Rush Island coal plant
     15 years earlier than planned
Texas LTL Carrier Central Freight to Close Doors
    2,000 truck drivers and other employees out of a job
The COVID Pandemic saw more than 6,150 news   
     reporters laid off; plus local newspapers out of business

You May have Missed---
As U.S. Nears 800,000 Virus Deaths,
1 of Every 100 Older Americans Has Perished

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

Sports Brief----
 California Nuts Brief---
   "Gimme that wine"
    This Day in History
      Daily Puzzle
        Weather, USA or specific area
         Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.


Reminder: Wednesday, December, 15, 1-2 p.m. EST Free Webinar
Why It is Very Important
By Kenneth C. Greene, Leasing News Legal Editor

The various state laws that will affect commercial finance and leasing business are close to being implemented. California and New York have passed the laws and are about to make the final implementation. Similar laws in Connecticut, New Jersey, and North Carolina will join them, apparently soon in 2021.

If you are located in these states, you will be required to abide by these laws.  It also means that you must be licensed, unless you are a bank, or if you have a branch or do financial business in these states.

There are penalties if you don't follow the laws, as well as cease and refrain from doing business in these states.

I have written, and will continue to write, Leasing News articles to assist those challenged by all these changes, answered questions, and give advice.

Wednesday, today, December 15, 1-2 p.m. ET is a Free ELFA Webinar on Commercial Financing.

I will give a report on it but suggest it is as important for readers in the commercial finance and leasing business to make time to tune-in.

ELFA Webinar register:

Ken Greene Leasing & Finance Observations


Balboa Capital Now a
Division of Ameris Bank


Patrick Byrne, Chief Executive Officer and Co-Founder of Balboa Capital, said, "We look forward to expanding our lending capabilities through the resources of a larger institution. Additionally, our team of industry veterans is eager to offer new financial solutions to Ameris Bank customers." 

Phil Silva, President of Balboa Capital, commented, "I have been honored and humbled to work with a very tenured and talented team at Balboa over the last 15+ years.  We have been very impressed with the Ameris executive team and are looking to adding the arrows of their strengths, products and capabilities to our quiver amplifying our value proposition to our vendors and end user customers.  Anything less than full throttle is unacceptable."

H. Palmer Proctor Jr., Chief Executive Officer of Ameris Bancorp, commented, "Balboa Capital has helped tens of thousands of businesses access growth capital with instant credit decisions and same day funding

"We look forward to providing Balboa Capital's lending technology and bringing a new digital lending option to more of our business customers. We are excited to have Pat Byrne and Phil Silva, Company President and their team join our organization as we expand our online lending capabilities."

James A. LaHaise, Executive Vice Pesident and Chief Strategy Officer of Ameris Bank, said "Balboa Capital's highly flexible technology enables Ameris Bank to provide a streamlined online experience to business owners with a variety of financing needs.

"Balboa Capital's dynamic solution, coupled with its high-performing team, complement Ameris Bank's financial strength and culture, enhancing our ability to help businesses gain financial peace of mind as they grow."

Terms and dollar amount of the acquisition were not disclosed, nor date of completion of the transaction although it appears Balboa Capital on its website is noting it is a “Division of
of Ameris Bank:”

About Ameris Bank
Ameris Bancorp is a bank holding company, parent of Ameris Bank, Molultrie, Georgia; currently has 165 branches in Georgia, Alabama, Florida, North Carolina and South Carolina.

Copy of Ameris Press Release: 


Help Wanted Ads


Dedicated to Success

Sales Makes it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP

It is always a pleasure to hear success stories in the commercial equipment finance and leasing industry and there are many to share. Here are just two:

  • A dedicated professional entered the industry approximately 8 years ago. I facilitated a training class for his company during his first week in the industry. He frequently sent me updates about his progress and never hesitated to call or email with a question or potential idea. After one year in the industry, he was a top producer for his company. Five years into his career he headed a small sales team focused on a highly specialized type of equipment. His team's production quickly became a top producing group for his company, beating all expectations. This top producer is well known as an industry leader. He recently called to report that 2021 will be his best year in the industry and anticipates a great 2022.
  • A persistent industry professional, with years of origination experience, had the opportunity to join a struggling equipment finance operation several years ago. This natural leader immediately took charge and built an outstanding leadership team within months. I had the privilege to facilitate several strategic meetings with his management team two years ago. The team has overcome many obstacles and has executed its strategic plan perfectly. The leader recently reported that his team has once again been recognized as an industry leader. The company has created a program to develop talent from within and is highly successful - recruiting, training and retaining some of the best organic talent in the industry. This leader credits his team's success on the positive attitudes of his originators and their willingness to offer the best service to every client.

The commercial equipment finance and leasing industry has thousands of similar stories. The opportunities are unlimited for those who are dedicated to success.

To Participate In The 2021 Production & Compensation Survey
Please Click Here:

Scott A. Wheeler, CLFP
Wheeler Business Consulting
1314 Marquis Ct.
Fallston, Maryland 21047
Phone: 410 877 0428
Fax: 410 877 8161

Sales Makes it Happen articles:


Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. accounts for 54% of the global market share.

Taiwan, South Korea, and China combine for 87% of the semiconductor market.


Full Articles:


### Press Release ############################

Small and Medium-Sized Equipment Finance Businesses
ELFA Releases Compensation Report
Standard Price $1999 Member Price $999

WASHINGTON, D.C. – Today the Equipment Leasing and Finance Association released a report detailing compensation practices at small and medium-sized equipment leasing and finance companies. The 2021 Small and Medium Enterprise Compensation Survey reveals trends in pay—including salaries, bonuses, benefits and commission—at bank, captive and independent equipment finance companies.

The report is based on a survey of ELFA member companies conducted by Vault Consulting, LLC. A total of 53 companies participated in the survey. The respondents reported 1,175 employees for 19 specialized revenue and support positions, ranging from CEO to collections staff to sales staff. The data are displayed by company type, new business volume, region and market segment.

Highlights from the survey include:

  • The 5 highest paid positions, based on average total compensation, were CEO/President, Head of Sales, CFO, Senior Sales Representative, and Manager of Asset Management Remarketing. Total compensation is based on average base salary and average bonus/commission.
  • Compared to the last SME Compensation Survey in 2019, the average total compensation of the top 5 positions changed by the following percentages: CEO/President +10%; Head of Sales +10%; CFO -9%; Senior Sales Representative +5%; and Manager of Asset Management Remarketing +9%.
  • A bonus/commission was reported for 75% of the submitted employees. A total of 82% of sales staff received a bonus/commission and 6% were indicated as commission only sales staff.
  • The top quantitative factor used to determine executive leadership incentives was profitability (88%) and the top qualitative factor was managerial effectiveness (72%).

How to Access the Report
The 2021 Small and Medium Enterprise Compensation Survey is available for purchase from the ELFA website at

About ELFA
The Equipment Leasing and Finance Association (ELFA) is the trade association that represents companies in the $1 trillion equipment finance sector, which includes financial services companies and manufacturers engaged in financing capital goods. ELFA members are the driving force behind the growth in the commercial equipment finance market and contribute to capital formation in the U.S. and abroad. Its 575 members include independent and captive leasing and finance companies, banks, financial services corporations, broker/packagers and investment banks, as well as manufacturers and service providers. For more information, please visit

#### Press Release #############################


#### Press Release #############################

California DFPI to End High-Interest Rate Loans
for New & Used Automobiles Marketed by LoanMart for 21 Months

Los Angeles-based company agrees to not market or service title loans with rates higher than permitted under the California Fair Access to Credit Act

SACRAMENTO – The California Department of Financial Protection and Innovation (DFPI) announced it entered a novel consent order with Los Angeles-based Wheels Financial Group, Inc., doing business as LoanMart, that prohibits the company from marketing or servicing automobile title loans of less than $10,000 with rates greater than 36 percent in California for the next twenty-one months.

The agreement comes on the heels of an investigation the Department launched last year to assess whether the company was evading California’s newly enacted interest rate caps through a partnership with an out-of-state bank. LoanMart stopped marketing the high-interest loans in November 2020 while the DFPI investigation of its partnership with Utah-based bank, Capital Community Bank was pending.

DFPI Commissioner Clothilde V. Hewlett, said, “The DFPI is committed to ensuring that out-of-state banks do not exploit Californians.

 “The DFPI will continue to combat any effort to evade California’s Fair Access to Credit Act and will work closely with state and federal regulators to monitor and respond to practices that hurt consumers.”

In 2019, the California Legislature passed the landmark Fair Access to Credit Act (AB 539), which capped interest rates on most loans made by state-licensed lenders at about 36 percent. Those rate caps took effect on Jan. 1, 2020. The DFPI licenses and regulates lenders subject to the Fair Access to Credit Act and the California Financing Law, the law providing the authority through which LoanMart has previously made loans in California. The agreement provides that LoanMart may not make loans available through a state-chartered bank partner until September 2023 unless there is an intervening change in the law or regulation that would otherwise permit it to do so.

In addition to regulating finance lenders and brokers, the DFPI licenses and regulates financial products and services, including state-chartered banks and credit unions, commodities and investment advisers, money transmitters, the offer and sale of securities and franchises, broker-dealers, nonbank installment lenders, payday lenders, mortgage lenders and servicers, student loan servicers, escrow companies, Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) program administrators, debt collectors, rent-to-own contractors, credit repair and consumer credit reporting companies, debt-relief companies, and more.

##### Press Release ############################

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Hound Mix
Moultrie, Georgia  Adopt-a-Dog


Moultrie-Colquitt County Humane Society
1412 1st NE
P.O. Box 2915
Moultrie, GA 31768

Adoption fees for dogs are $140, includes spay, microchip, first set of DHPP shot, dewormer, and rabies vaccine (as long as the animal is 3 months old).


Exceptional Wines for the 2021 Winter Holidays
By Kevan R. Wilkinson, Leasing News Wine Reviewer

Part 1

Castello Niccolo Rosso Toscana 2019 - Tuscany, Italy

If you like traditional fruit-forward Sangiovese, this is an excellent choice. The 2019 Castello Niccolo Rosso Toscana comes from Tuscany, Italy, and it is an ideal table wine for all types of holiday appetizers and meals. It is a medium-bodied Sangiovese with the classic characteristics of a rustic Italian red wine: a palette consisting of dried cherries and smoked oak and hints of spice. I bought this wine at Bristol Farms for $4.98/bottle, but it retails for under $10/bottle elsewhere.

Andrew Murray Tous les Jours Syrah 2016 - Santa Ynez, California

Andrew Murray Winery is one of my all-time favorite wineries. My wife and I discovered their wines in the late 1990s on a week-long visit to Santa Ynez, California. Every restaurant we dined at sold Andrew Murray wines and we enjoyed their Syrah. The Tous les Jours Syrah 2016 is a blockbuster Syrah in every sense of the word. It is big, bold, full-bodied, well-balanced, and packed with various flavors. Cherries, jam, raspberries, toasted oak and a hint of pepper. Every year, this wine is on my “must buy” list and I highly recommend it. Retails for $15/bottle.

Qupe Chardonnay “Y Block” 2018 - Santa Barbara, California

Here is another great find for the winter holidays. Qupe winery makes some excellent wines and this particular Chardonnay will pair well with your holiday meal. It is a classic dry Chardonnay produced from grapes grown in the cool climate of Santa Barbara, California. It serves up a nice balance of apples, sliced pear, and sweet spices. My family members who are picky about Chardonnay always rave about Qupe, so I know they would agree with my review. Retails for $14.

J. Lohr Valdiguié 2019 - Monterey, California

What is Valdiguié, do you ask? Well, I asked the same question when I saw this wine. Knowing it was produced by J. Lohr, one of my favorite California wineries, I had to give it a try. Upon opening the bottle and pouring the Valdiguié into a glass, I could tell this was an exceptional wine. A blast of berry-meets-flower aromas was apparent right out of the gate and it was very powerful. The vibrant purple-blue hue clung to the glass. The first sip was fantastic and my wife and I both said, “We need to buy another bottle or two of this.” The J. Lohr Valdiguié has so many different flavors; it’s hard to keep track. Boysenberries, cherries, plums, vanilla, nutmeg, the list goes on. Available at a holiday-friendly price of $9.99/bottle at most wine shops and specialty grocery stores.

Justin Cabernet Sauvignon 2018 - Paso Robles, California

My wife and I have a tradition of opening a bottle of Justin Cabernet every Christmas Eve; it reminds us of when we first visited the Justin winery in mid-December over 20 years ago. The winery was sold back in 2010 and, thankfully, it did not affect the quality of their wines. They are actually getting better each year, providing the growing season cooperates. The Justin Cabernet Sauvignon 2018 is young but is ready to drink now. It is a dark cabernet loaded with ripe fruit, lush currant, black licorice and vanilla, and a long and delicate finish. I would put this cabernet up against any high-priced cabernet, as it would compete well. Retails for $25/bottle.

By Kevan R. Wilkinson, Leasing News Wine Reviewer


News Briefs---

Senate votes to increase debt limit by
      $2.5 trillion extending into 2023

Intuit QuickBooks Projects 17 Million New Entrepreneurs
    To Join Rapidly Growing Small Business Economy in 2022

Ameren to shutter Rush Island coal plant
    15 years earlier than planned

Texas LTL Carrier Central Freight to Close Doors
     2,000 truck drivers and other employees out of a job

The COVID Pandemic saw more than 6,150 news    
     reporters laid off; plus local newspapers out of business


You May Have Missed---

As U.S. Nears 800,000 Virus Deaths,
1 of Every 100 Older Americans Has Perished



Sports Briefs---

History made: Steph Curry passes Ray Allen
    to claim NBA 3-point record

Why Ted Lasso would call Garoppolo the 49ers’ ‘goldfish’


California Nuts Briefs---

California orders statewide mask requirement
    starting Wednesday

Authorities announce arrests in large-scale
catalytic converter theft operation



"Gimme that wine"

Wine of the week: Decoy, 2020 California Chardonnay

Bogle Family Vineyards Will Use Lighter Bottles
to Help Reduce Carbon Footprint/

Willamette Valley Vineyards To Pay Field Workers
OT And Higher Wages

“Gimme that Wine”

Free Wine App

Wine Prices by vintage


This Day in History

     1636 – The English began colonizing Connecticut.  Originally known as the River Colony, it was organized on March 3, 1636 as a settlement for a Puritan congregation.  After early struggles with the Dutch, the English had permanently gained control of the colony around this time.
    1791 - The first 10 amendments to the US Constitution, known as the Bill of Rights, became effective following ratification by Virginia. This anniversary of ratification and of effect is observed as Bill of Rights Day. The constitutional amendments were drawn up by James Madison and were declared in force this day, having been passed by both houses of Congress and ratified by their required number of states. The first of them established religious freedom, freedom of speech and press, the right to assemble, and the right to petition the government. The amendments were submitted to the states by the First Congress on September 25, 1789. The first state to ratify was New Jersey, which acted on November 20, 1789. Originally both houses passed 12 amendments, but two of them, on the proportion of representatives and on compensation, failed to secure the requisite number of states and ratifications.
    1791 – The first U.S. law school was established at University of Pennsylvania   
    1792 - The first life insurance offered by a general insurance company was offered by the Insurance Company of North America, organized in Philadelphia, PA with a capital of $600,000 on December 10th. The first policy was issued this day. Only six policies were written in five years, and in 1804, the life insurance feature was discontinued. The first president was John Maxwell Nesbitt. He was a co-founder of the Bank of North America with Robert Morris, who both helped finance the Revolutionary War.
    1810 – The first Irish magazine in the US, “Shamrock” is published.
    1814 - Twenty-six “Federalist party” Delegates from Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont, who opposed the War of 1812, met to plan secession from the United States. Known in history as “The Hartford Convention,” it lasted until January 5, 1815. They voted not to secede.
    1836 – The US Patent Office burned in Washington, DC.
    1839 - The first of triple storms hit Massachusetts Bay. The storm produced whole gales, and more than 20 inches of snow in interior New England. There was great loss of life at Gloucester, MA
    1854 - The first street-cleaning machine of importance was employed by Philadelphia, PA. This was a historic event, as most city streets were quite dirty, which not only hampered transportation but was quite unsanitary. According to a contemporary account, it consisted of “a series of brooms on a cylinder about two feet six inches wide, attached to two endless chins, running over an upper and lower set of pulleys, which are suspended on a light frame of wrought iron behind a cart, the body of which is near the ground. As the cart wheels revolve, a rotary motion is given to the pulleys conveying the endless chains and a series of brooms attached to them; which being made to bear on the ground successively sweep the surface and carry the soil up an incline or carrier plate, over the top of which it dropped into the cart.” 
     1861 – Charles Duryea (d. 1938) was born near Canton, IL.  He was the engineer of the first-ever working American gasoline-powered car and co-founder of Duryea Motor Wagon Company and spent most of his life working in Springfield, MA. It was in Springfield that Charles and his brother, Frank, produced and road-tested America's first gasoline-powered car. 
    1862 – Confederate Gen. Nathan B. Forrest crosses the Tennessee River at Clifton with 2,500 men to raid the communications around Vicksburg, Mississippi.  "He [Forrest] was the only Confederate cavalryman of whom Grant stood in much dread," a friend of Grant was quoted as saying.   
    1862 - In New Orleans, Louisiana, Union Major General Benjamin F. Butler turns his command over to Nathaniel Banks. The citizens of New Orleans hold farewell parties for Butler, "The Beast," but only after he leaves. 
    1864 - The Battle at Nashville begins.  Union forces under George Thomas scored a decisive victory at the expense of the Army of Tennessee under John Bell Hood.  This represented the end of large-scale fighting west of the coastal states in the Civil War.  In one of the largest victories achieved by the Union Army during the war, Thomas attacked and routed Hood's army, largely destroying it as an effective fighting force.  Federal casualties in the battle totaled 387 killed, 2,562 wounded, and 112 missing.  Confederate casualties are difficult to determine. Thomas reported capturing 4,561 prisoners in the battle itself, with an unknown number captured during the retreat. One historian made an educated guess that 2,500 Confederates were killed and wounded at Nashville.
    1869 - Norton I, Emperor of the United States & Protector of Mexico, and the greatest American ruler in history, leaves San Francisco to seek his yearly tribute from the legislature and lobbyists. He inspects the new capitol during the gala ball celebrating the buildings’ inauguration.
    1874 - The first child abuse prevention organization was the New York Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, founded in New York City by Henry Bergh, Elbridge Gerry, and James Wright. Initial funding was provided by Cornelius Vanderbilt. Bergh had earlier founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in 1866.
    1874 - The first reigning king to visit the United States was David Kalakaua, King of the Sandwich Islands (Hawaii), who was elected king on February 12, 1874, by a vote of 39-6. He embarked on the USS Benicia on November 17, 1874 and was received at the White House, Washington, DC, by President Ulysses S. Grant. Congress tendered him a reception on December 18. He arranged for a treaty of reciprocity, which was concluded on January 30, 1875. He returned to his country on February 15 on the USS Pensacola.
    1877 - Thomas Edison patents phonograph
    1883 – In Louisville, a "first-class colored team" is formed. The team, later known as the Falls Cities, became one of the nation's best black teams. It will join the National Colored Base Ball League (NCBBL) in 1887 but will apparently disband shortly after the collapse of the NCBBL in the first week of its season.
    1890 - Sitting Bull is murdered by soldiers who claimed he was trying to escape after he had surrendered.  Famous Sioux Indian leader, medicine man and warrior of the Hunkpapa Teton band. Known also by his native name, Tatanka-yatanka, Sitting Bull was born on the Grand River, SD. He first accompanied his father on the warpath at the age of 14 against the Crow and thereafter rapidly gained influence within his tribe. In 1886, he led a raid on Fort Buford. His steadfast refusal to go to a reservation led General Phillip Sheridan to initiate a campaign against him which led to the massacre of Lieutenant Colonel George Custer's men at the Little Bighorn.  Afterward, Sitting Bull fled to Canada, remaining there until 1881. He later joined the Buffalo Bill Wild West Show and toured the US and Europe. When the government tried to take more land from the Indians, he became active again. A copy of the days’ newspapers about his death is noted below, and this is from Don Russell in “The Lives and Legends of Buffalo Bill” (Norman, Okla, University of Oklahoma Press, 1960, page 132): “At the outbreak of the Ghost Dance War, the War Department ordered the arrest of Chief Sitting Bull. Although the Sioux chief was, by 1890, quite old and had lost much of his power within the tribe, the army still feared him as a great anti-white leader. Forty-three Indian policemen, with the backing of two troops of the Eight Calvary just three miles away, were sent to make the arrest.  “An hour before dawn, the Indian police arrived at Sitting Bull’s cabin. At first the old chief offered no resistance, but when a few policemen tried to speed things up by dressing him roughly, he became angry. A crowd of Sitting Bull supporters gathered. Almost ready to leave, the chief demanded that the Indian police saddle his horse.  Sitting Bull’s was no ordinary horse, but an equine from the staged, show time West. It had belonged to Buffalo Bill and Sitting Bull had performed special tricks with it when the Indian had traveled with Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. When Sitting Bull left the show to return to the Indian nation, Buffalo Bill, in friendship, gave the trick horse to him as a gesture of the showman’s gratitude.  As the Indian police dragged and pushed Sitting Bull from his cabin, words were exchanged between the chief’s supporters and his abductors. Suddenly, Sitting Bull announced that he was not going. Shots rang out, and with the first volley, Sitting Bull was struck dead, one bullet entering from the front and another from behind. Both bullets were fired by the Indian police.  Oddly, when the shooting started, Sitting Bull’s horse took the cue for his act in Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. With bullets flying everywhere, Indian police and Sitting Bull partisans scurrying for cover, the horse began to perform his tricks. Right in the middle of the newly anointed battlefield, he sat down and raised one hoof. Terror-stricken, some of the Indian police thought Sitting Bull’s freed spirit had entered his horse and made the animal do the act. The battle continued for thirty minutes. Fourteen people, from both sides, were killed.  Sitting Bull’s horse, incredibly, was not injured, and an Indian policeman rode him to Fort Yates with news of the battle. Eventually, the chief’s horse was returned to Buffalo Bill, who put him back to work in the Wild West Show. In 1893, at the Chicago Columbian Exposition, the Wild West Show’s cavalry standard bearer rode Sitting Bull’s old horse.”
    1892 – J. Paul Getty (d. 1976), American-English businessman and art collector who founded Getty Oil, was born in Minneapolis.  In 1957, Fortune magazine named him the richest living American while the 1966 Guinness Book of Records named him as the world's richest private citizen, worth an estimated $1.2 billion (approximately $8.7 billion in 2013). At his death in 1976, he was worth more than $2 billion (approximately $8.3 billion in 2013). A book published in 1996 ranked him as the 67th richest American who ever lived, based on his wealth as a percentage of the GNP. Preceding him in death by two months, Howard Hughes’ estate was listed at $2.5 billion. But while Hughes had engaged in a great deal of philanthropy, despite his wealth, Getty was known for being a miser.
    1895 - Birthday of composer Any Razaf (d. 1973), Washington, DC.
    1896 - Breaking all records, 1,096,509 shares of stock were traded at the New York Stock Exchange.
    1897 - Birthday of trumpet player Ed Allen (d. 1974), Nashville, TN.
    1900 – The New York Giants traded Amos Rusie to the Cincinnati Reds for 19-year-old Christy Mathewson.  Though only 30, Rusie, a future Hall of Famer, will not have the ability that brought him eight straight 20-game seasons, and he will not add to the 245 wins he collected in nine seasons. Mathewson, 0-3 with the Giants but 20-2 with Norfolk of the Virginia League, is much coveted by Cincinnati owner John T. Brush, who is currently negotiating to buy control of the Giants from Andrew Freedman. Before he takes over, Brush wants Mathewson in place as a Giants starter, rather than the "pitched out" Rusie.  Mathewson went on to win 373 games in his Hall of Fame career and he is considered to be among the top five pitchers in history.
    1906 - Birthday of Betty Smith, born Elisabeth Wehner (d. 1972) in Brooklyn.  A novelist best known for “A Tree Grows in Brooklyn” (1943).
    1911 - Bandleader Stan Kenton (d. 1979) born Wichita, Kansas.  “Salt Peanuts!”
    1918 – Actor Jeff Chandler was born Ira Grossel (d. 1961) in Brooklyn.  A film star of some repute in the 1950s, he secured an Oscar nomination as Cochise in “Broken Arrow.”  In 1961, Chandler injured his back while playing baseball with soldiers who served as extras in the movie. He entered a hospital and had surgery on May 13, 1961. There were severe complications and Chandler hemorrhaged. In a seven-and-a-half-hour emergency operation over-and-above the original surgery, he was given 55 pints of blood. Another operation followed, date unknown, where he received an additional 20 pints of blood. He died on June 17, 1961. His death was deemed malpractice and resulted in a large lawsuit and settlement for his children.
    1918 – American Jewish Congress held its first meeting.  It represented a "populist counterbalance to the American Jewish Committee, which was dominated by the wealthy and conservative German-Jewish establishment."  Leaders within the American Jewish community, consisting of Jewish, Zionists, and immigrant community organizations, and convened in Independence Hall, Philadelphia.  Rabbi Stephen Wise, Felix Frankfurter, U.S. Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis, and others joined to lay the groundwork for a national democratic organization of Jewish leaders from all over the country, to rally for equal rights for all Americans regardless of race, religion or national ancestry. 
    1921 – Rock ‘n’ roll pioneer DJ Alan Freed (d. 1965), was born in Windber, PA.  Freed is commonly referred to as the "father of rock ‘n’ roll” due to his promotion of the music, and his introduction of the phrase "rock and roll" on mainstream radio in the early 1950s. He helped bridge the gap of segregation among young teenage Americans, presenting music by African-American artists (rather than cover versions by white artists) on his radio program, and arranging live concerts attended by racially mixed audiences.  Freed's career ended when it was shown that he had accepted payola (payments from record companies to play specific records), a common practice that was highly controversial at the time. There was also a conflict of interest that he had taken songwriting co-credits (most notably on Chuck Berry’s "Maybelline"), which entitled him to receive part of a song's royalties, which he could help increase by heavily promoting the record on his own program. In another example, Harvey Fuqua of The Moonglows insisted Freed's name was not merely a credit on the song "Sincerely" and that he did actually co-write it (which would still be a conflict of interest for Freed to promote).  Freed lost his own show on WABC and he was fired from the station altogether on November 21, 1959. He also was fired from his television show. In 1960, payola was made illegal. In 1962, Freed pleaded guilty to two charges of commercial bribery, for which he received a fine and a suspended sentence.  He died a broken man in 1965.
    1925 - Birthday of trumpet player Jimmy Nottingham (d. 1978), Brooklyn, NY,,474141,00.html?artist=Jimmy+Nottingham
    1925 – Madison Square Garden held its first hockey game.  The Montreal Canadiens defeated the New York Americans, 3-1.
    1927 - Birthday of sax player Gene Quill (d. 1988), Atlantic City, NJ,,482073,00.html?artist=Gene+Quill
    1929 - Birthday of be-bop pianist Barry Harris, Detroit, MI
    1932 - Birthday of vocalist/song writer Jesse Belvin (d. 1960), Texarkana, TX.  He recorded a song among the anthems of rock ‘n’ roll, “Good Night, My Love”, which reached #7 on the R&B chart. The piano on the session was reportedly played by the 11-year-old Barry White. The song became the closing theme to Alan Freed’s rock and roll radio shows.  Belvin also co-wrote another rock ‘n’ roll anthem, “Earth Angel.”  After finishing a performance in Little Rock, AR on a bill with Sam Cooke, Jackie Wilson, and Marv Johnson, Belvin and his wife were killed in a head-on collision at Hope, AR (Bill Clinton’s hometown). The concert was the first concert played before an integrated audience in the history of Little Rock. There had been several death threats on Belvin prior to the concert and that led to speculation that his car had been tampered with prior to the accident. The actual cause of the accident was the driver of Belvin’s car who nodded off and lost control of the car and had a head-on collision with a car traveling in the opposite direction. The driver had been recently fired for falling asleep at the wheel by another musical act.
    1932 - A joint meeting of MLB owners approved the concept of "chain store" baseball, developed as the St. Louis Cardinals farm system, despite strenuous objections by Commissioner Landis.
    1933 – Comedian Tim Conway (d. 2019) was born in Willoughby, OH.  While he is best known as one of the hilarious ensemble cast of “The Carol Burnett Show”, few remember that he was also Ensign Parker in “McHale’s Navy” in the 1960s, and had his own “The Tim Conway Show.”   A very funny man.
    1933 - The 21st Amendment to the Constitution officially became effective, repealing the 18th Amendment that prohibited the sale, manufacture, and transportation of alcohol.
    1933 – Major League Baseball owners agreed to ban Sunday doubleheaders until after June 15
    1934 - Birthday of Trombonist Curtis Fuller (d. 2021), Detroit, MI
    1935 - Birthday of drummer Dannie Richmond (d. 1988), New York City
    1938 - Washington sends its fourth note to Berlin demanding amnesty for Jews. 
    1938 – Groundbreaking began on the Jefferson Memorial in Washington, DC, with President Franklin Roosevelt presiding over the ceremonies.
    1939 - The epic film "Gone with the Wind" had its world premiere in Atlanta, introduced by its producer David O. Selznick at Atlanta.  Based on Margaret Mitchell’s best-selling and Pulitzer Prize winning novel of Civil War passions, it won an unprecedented eight Academy awards, including Best Picture.  Hattie McDaniel won as Best Supporting Actress, the first African American to do so.  More than 300,000 lined the streets to catch sight of the film’s stars in attendance.
    1939 – DuPont introduces the first commercial manufacture of nylon yarn, Seaford, Delaware
    1939 – Cindy Birdsong was born in Mt. Holly, NJ.  Originally a member of Patti LaBelle & the Bluebelles, she is best remembered for replacing Florence Ballard as a member of the legendary The Supremes.
    1941 - On Victor Records, Lena Horne recorded the classic torch song that became her signature: "Stormy Weather."
    1942 - Dave Clark, musician (leader of the Dave Clark Five, "I Like It Like That"), born London, England.
    1942 – Massachusetts issued the first U.S. vehicular license plate tags
    1943 - Battle of San Pietro: A German panzer battalion inflicted heavy casualties on American forces trying to take the 700-year-old Italian village of San Pietro, before withdrawing from the town. San Pietro was reduced almost entirely to rubble. The American movie director John Huston, serving as an Army lieutenant, filmed the battle for the military. So graphic was the film that it was described as antiwar by the military brass at the War Department. The film was cut from five to three reels before censors allowed it to be released in 1944. It was later re-edited for the television series "The Big Picture."
    1943 - The first Marine officer of Chinese descent was Wilbur Carl Sze, commissioned a second lieutenant. He was born in Washington, DC, and at the age of five, went to China, where he remained for 11 years before returning to the United States.
    1943 - King Cole Trio records,” Sweet Lorraine.”
    1944 - US Army Major and bandleader Glenn Miller's plane disappears in thick fog somewhere over the English Channel. Miller flew from the United Kingdom to Paris, France, to play for the soldiers there. His plane departed from RAF Twinwood Farm in Clapham.  The fate of Miller and his passengers, en route to play a Christmas concert in Paris with his Air Force band, has never been determined.  Recent speculation centers on the returning Allied bombers from a strafe of German forces in France.  As they had not emptied their bomb loads because of weather, and flying over the Channel on the way home, they dropped unused bombs into the Channel. It is speculated that Miller’s plane was likely flying low to the surface because of poor visibility and may have been hit by one or more of those bombs. This was later disproved due to the difference in the times of the release of the bombs and the time Miller’s plane was above the Channel.  The most likely scenario was that Miller's C-64 Norseman flew into cold weather and experienced icing, causing the aircraft to lose power and crash in the cold water. Any survivors would have died of hypothermia within 20 minutes.
    1944 - Invasion of Mindoro, Philippines. After the usual barrage from naval guns, the US 24th Division landed on Mindoro, the largest of the islands immediately south of Luzon (the most important island of the Philippines). American soldiers easily advanced eight miles inland, took the perimeter of their beachhead and started construction of an airfield. Japanese kamikaze counterattacks, however, sank two motor torpedo boats and damaged the escort carrier Marcus Island, two destroyers and a third motor torpedo boat, making Mindoro a more costly conquest than the island of Leyte had been.
    1944 - The first US Army generals to wear the five-start insignia were Henry Harley “Hap” Arnold, Dwight David Eisenhower, Douglas MacArthur, and George Catlett Marshall, whose appointments were ratified by the Senate. The grade of General of the Army was established by an Act of Congress on December 14, 1944.
    1944 - The first US Navy admirals to wear the five-star insignia as Admirals of the Fleet were Ernest Joseph King, William Daniel Leahy, and Chester William Nimitz, whose appointments were ratified by the Senate. The grade of fleet admiral of the Navy was established by an Act of Congress on December 14, 1944.
    1944 - VLUG, DIRK J., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, 126th Infantry, 32d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Limon, Leyte, Philippine Islands, 15 December 1944. Entered service at: Grand Rapids, Mich. Birth: Maple Lake, Minn. G.O. No.: 60, 26 June 1946. Citation: He displayed conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty when an American roadblock on the Ormoc Road was attacked by a group of enemy tanks. He left his covered position, and with a rocket launcher and 6 rounds of ammunition, advanced alone under intense machinegun and 37-mm. fire. Loading single-handedly, he destroyed the first tank, killing its occupants with a single round. As the crew of the second tank started to dismount and attack him, he killed 1 of the foe with his pistol, forcing the survivors to return to their vehicle, which he then destroyed with a second round. Three more hostile tanks moved up the road, so he flanked the first and eliminated it, and then, despite a hail of enemy fire, pressed forward again to destroy another. With his last round of ammunition, he struck the remaining vehicle, causing it to crash down a steep embankment. Through his sustained heroism in the face of superior forces, Pfc. Vlug alone destroyed 5 enemy tanks and greatly facilitated successful accomplishment of his battalion's mission.
    1944 - Top Hits
 "White Christmas" - Bing Crosby
 "The Trolley Song" - The Pied Pipers
 "I’m Making Believe" - Ella Fitzgerald & The Ink Spots
 "Smoke on the Water" - Red Foley
    1945 - A record December snowstorm buried Buffalo, NY, under 36.6 inches of snow, with unofficial totals south of the city ranging up to 70 inches. Travel was brought to a halt by the storm.
    1945 – During the occupation of Japan following the surrender, General Mac Arthur ordered that Shinto be abolished as the state religion of Japan.
    1946 - U.S.-backed Iranian troops evict the leadership of the breakaway Republic of Mahabad, putting an end to the Iran crisis of 1946.  Bet you didn’t think we’d been there that long!!
    1946 – New York Football Giants’ Frank Filchock and Merle Hapes were suspended by the NFL for failure to report a bribe.  Hours before game time of the NFL Championship, a story broke on radio that gamblers had attempted to fix the game and that Filchock and Hapes were involved. It later developed New York City mayor Bill O’Dwyer, NFL commissioner Bert Bell, police commissioner Arthur Wallander and Giants' owner Tim Mara had met in the mayor's office. Filchock and Hapes were brought to the mayor's residence later that day. At this meeting, Hapes admitted being approached, while Filchock denied it.  At 2 a.m. Sunday, only twelve hours before game time, the district attorney's office announced that Filchock and Hapes had been offered $2,500 each plus the profits from a $1,000 bet that Chicago would win by more than ten points. The players also had been offered off-season jobs supposed to bring them another $15,000.  Bell announced that although the police had concluded no player had taken a bribe, the league would conduct its own investigation of the offers. The championship game would go ahead as scheduled. Filchock, who during the meeting with the mayor had denied being approached, would be allowed to play in the game. Hapes, who had admitted his failure to report the bribe attempt, would not be allowed to play.  Thus, the Giants went into the game minus one of their backfield stars and with a cloud hanging over another. When Filchock was introduced, he was roundly booed. He reportedly played hard, suffering a broken nose, but the Giants lost to the Bears 24-14. This was the precise betting line of the gamblers; they neither won nor lost their bets.
    1948 – In one of the seminal events that led to the rise of Richard Nixon, former state department official Alger Hiss was indicted in New York City for perjury.  Hiss had accompanied President Roosevelt to the Yalta Conference.  Hiss was secretary-general of the San Francisco UN Conference on International Organization. (The United Nations Charter Conference), which began on April 25, 1945, and then became the full director of the OSPA. The Soviet U.N. ambassador personally recommended that Hiss be appointed temporary Secretary General of the U.N. citing his "impartiality" and "fairness.”  In 1946, he left government service to become president of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, where he served until May 5, 1949, when he was forced to step down.  On August 3, 1948, Time magazine senior editor Whittaker Chambers, a former Communist Party member, appeared before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) to denounce Alger Hiss, after writing a scathing article critical of the Yalta Agreements.  As historian Tim Weiner points out: "This was a crucial point. Infiltration and invisible political influence were immoral, but arguably not illegal. Espionage was treason, traditionally punishable by death. The distinction was not lost on the cleverest member of HUAC, Congressman Richard Nixon, who had been studying the FBI's files for five months, courtesy of J. Edgar Hoover. Nixon launched his political career in hot pursuit of Hiss and the alleged secret Communists of the New Deal."  With some reluctance, the Committee voted to make Nixon chair of a subcommittee that would seek to determine who was lying, Hiss or Chambers, at least on the question of whether they knew one another.  The grand jury charged Hiss with two counts of perjury but did not indict him for espionage since the statute of limitations had expired.
    1949 - Birdland opens in New York City.  Irving Levy, Morris Levy, and Oscar Goodstein – along with six other partners – purchased the venue in 1949 from mobster Joseph Catalano.  They adopted the name "Birdland" to capitalize on the profile of Charlie “Yardbird” Parker. It has endured several ownership changes and relocations and remains open today.
    1949 – Actor Donnie Wayne "Don" Johnson was born in Flat Creek, MO.  He is best known for his role as Sonny Crockett in the 1980s television series “Miami Vice,” and as the lead role in the 1990s cop series “Nash Bridges.”
    1950 – The Port of New York Authority, now known as The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey, opened.
    1952 - Top Hits
 "I Saw Mommy Kissing Santa Claus" - Jimmy Boyd
 "Rudolph, the Red-Nosed Reindeer" - Gene Autry
 "White Christmas" - Bing Crosby
 "Back Street Affair" - Webb Pierce
    1954 - “Davy Crockett” premieres on TV. This show, a series of five segments, can be considered TV's first miniseries. Shown on Walt Disney's "Disneyland" show, it starred Fess Parker as American western hero Davy Crockett and was immensely popular. The show spawned Crockett paraphernalia, including the famous coonskin cap (even after we found out that Crockett never wore a coonskin hat).     
    1954 - Kirk Douglas/James Mason movie "20,000 Leagues Under the Sea" released.
    1954 – Fordham University decided to drop intercollegiate football for financial reasons.  Fordham was one of college football’s early powers.  Among its teams were the Seven Blocks of Granite that included future NFL Hall of Famer Vince Lombardi.
    1955 - Johnny Cash released "Folsom Prison Blues."
    1957 - Mitch Miller and Sammy Davis Jr. blast rock and roll in a syndicated radio talk show hosted by Davis. However, MGM label president Arnold Maxim disagrees, stating he sees no end to the fad in the near future.
    1958 - In its year-end survey, Billboard rates the top pop tune of 1958 as Domenico Modugno's "Volare," the top R&B tune as Chuck Willis' "Hang Up My Rock & Roll Shoes," the best-selling LP as the original cast album of "My Fair Lady," and the best-selling EP as Elvis Presley's "Jailhouse Rock."
    1959 - The Everly Brothers record "Let It Be Me" in New York City, the first time they've recorded outside of Nashville and the first time they've recorded with strings.
    1960 - Top Hits
 "Are You Lonesome To-night?" - Elvis Presley
 "A Thousand Stars" - Kathy Young with the Innocents
 "Wonderland by Night" - Bert Kaemphert
 "Wings of a Dove" - Ferlin Husky
    1960 – Richard Pavlick is arrested for plotting to assassinate President-elect Kennedy.  Shortly before 10 a.m. on Sunday, December 11, as John F. Kennedy was preparing to leave for Mass at St. Edward Church in Palm Beach, Pavlick waited in his dynamite-laden car hoping to detonate his 1950 Buick to cause a fatal explosion. However, Pavlick changed his mind after seeing John F. Kennedy with his wife and the couple's two small children. While waiting for another opportunity over the next few days, Pavlick visited the church to learn its interior, but the Secret Service had informed local Palm Beach police to look out for Pavlick's automobile.  Four days after the attempt, a Palm Beach police officer, Lester Free, spotted Pavlick’s vehicle as he entered the city. Police immediately surrounded the car (which still contained 7 sticks of dynamite) and arrested him.
    1961 - Adolf Eichmann, the former German Gestapo official accused of a major role in the Nazi murder of 6 million Jews, is sentenced by a Jerusalem court to be hanged after being found guilty of 15 criminal charges, including charges of crimes against humanity, crimes against the Jewish people, and membership of an outlawed organization.
   1962 - The first album to make fun of a United States President became the United States' #1 LP. The album was Vaughn Meader’s "The First Family," which stayed at #1 for three months.
    1962 - The Boston Celtics' Bob Cousy set a National Basketball Association record as he scored his 5,926th field goal. His career highlights included the NBA’s 1957 MVP Award, and the record set on March 21, 1953 for 30 free throws in one game when the Celtics played the Syracuse Nationals. Four of the free throws were made in overtime.
    1965 - The United States drops 12 tons of bombs on an industrial center near Haiphong Harbor, North Vietnam. 
    1965 – Gemini 6A, crewed by Wally Schirra and Thomas Stafford, is launched from Cape Kennedy, FL. Four orbits later, it achieves the first space rendezvous, with Gemini 7.
    1966 – Walt Disney died in LA.
    1967 - President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the meat bill in the presence of Upton Sinclair, the author of the controversial book “The Jungle.”
    1967 - Beatles release "Christmas Time is Here Again."

    1967 - The Beatles' "Magical Mystery Tour" LP goes gold.
    1967 - LYNCH, ALLEN JAMES, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company D, 1st Battalion (Airmobile), 12th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). Place and date: Near My An (2), Binh Dinh province, Republic of Vietnam, 15 December 1967. Entered service at: Chicago, Ill. Born: 28 October 1945, Chicago, Ill. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sgt. Lynch (then Sp4c.) distinguished himself while serving as a radio telephone operator with Company D. While serving in the forward element on an operation near the village of My An, his unit became heavily engaged with a numerically superior enemy force. Quickly and accurately assessing the situation, Sgt. Lynch provided his commander with information which subsequently proved essential to the unit's successful actions. Observing 3 wounded comrades Lying exposed to enemy fire, Sgt. Lynch dashed across 50 meters of open ground through a withering hail of enemy fire to administer aid. Reconnoitering a nearby trench for a covered position to protect the wounded from intense hostile fire, he killed 2 enemy soldiers at point blank range. With the trench cleared, he unhesitatingly returned to the fire-swept area 3 times to carry the wounded men to safety. When his company was forced to withdraw by the superior firepower of the enemy, Sgt. Lynch remained to aid his comrades at the risk of his life rather than abandon them. Alone, he defended his isolated position for 2 hours against the advancing enemy. Using only his rifle and a grenade, he stopped them just short of his trench, killing 5. Again, disregarding his safety in the face of withering hostile fire, he crossed 70 meters of exposed terrain 5 times to carry his wounded comrades to a more secure area. Once he had assured their comfort and safety, Sgt. Lynch located the counterattacking friendly company to assist in directing the attack and evacuating the 3 casualties. His gallantry at the risk of his life is in the highest traditions of the military service, Sgt. Lynch has reflected great credit on himself, the 12th Cavalry, and the U.S. Army.
    1967 - In Paris, the members of the Beach Boys have their own audience with guru Maharishi Mahesh Yogi.
    1967 - The Silver Bridge, connecting Pt. Pleasant, WV and Gallipolis, OH over the Ohio River collapses, killing 46 people.
    1968 - Top Hits
 "I Heard It Through the Grapevine" - Marvin Gaye
 "For Once in My Life" - Stevie Wonder
 "Abraham, Martin and John" - Dion
 "Born to Be with You" - Sonny James
    1968 - Grace Slick, performing with the Jefferson Airplane on the "Smothers Brothers Comedy Hour," appears in blackface and raises a black-leather glove, mimicking the recent Olympic scandal, in the black power salute at the conclusion of "Crown of Creation." The incident is one of several which leads to the show's cancellation the following season.
    1971 - The first female Secret Service agents were Laurie B. Anderson, Sue A. Baker, Kathryn I. Clark, Holly A. Hufschmidt, and Phyllis Frances Shantz, all former agents of the Executive Protective Service.
    1973 - American Psychiatric Association declares homosexuality is not mental illness.
    1973 - Sandy Hawley became the first jockey to win 500 races in a single year when he rode Charlie Jr. to victory in the third race at Laurel Race Course in Maryland.
    1973 - Charlie Rich followed his number 15 hit, "Behind Closed Doors" with a number one smash on the Hot 100, "The Most Beautiful Girl."
    1973 - Jermaine Jackson marries Hazel Gordy, daughter of Motown founder and head Berry Gordy, Jr.
    1973 – John Paul Getty III, grandson of American billionaire J. Paul Getty, was found alive near Naples, Italy, after being kidnapped by an Italian gang on July 10.
    1974 - Pitcher Jim “Catfish” Hunter was ruled a free agent by arbitrator Peter Seitz who decided that Oakland A’s owner Charley Finley had not fulfilled the terms set forth in Hunter’s contract. Hunter later signed a five-year, $3.35 million contract to play with the New York Yankees.
    1974 - Baltimore Colts quarterback, Bert Jones, set an NFL record by when he completed seventeen consecutive passes in a game against the New York Jets.

    1976 - The oil tanker MV Argo Merchant ran aground near Nantucket, causing one of the worst marine oil spills in history.
    1976 - Top Hits
 "Tonight’s the Night (Gonna Be Alright)" - Rod Stewart
 "The Rubberband Man" - Spinners
 "You Don’t Have to Be a Star (To Be in My Show)" - Marilyn McCoo & Billy Davis, Jr.
 "Thinkin’ of a Rendezvous" - Johnny Duncan
    1978 - United States President Jimmy Carter announced he would establish diplomatic relations with China from January 1, 1979, and break off relations with Taiwan. 
    1979 - Chris Haney and Scott Abbot invented the game "Trivial Pursuit."
    1979 - Pink Floyd's "Another Brick in the Wall" hits Number One on the U.K. pop chart before subsequently finding similar success in the U.S.
    1979 - The former Shah of Iran, Muhammad Riza Pahlavi, left the US for Panama. He had gone to the US for medical treatment earlier that year.
    1979 - In a preliminary ruling, the International Court of Justice ordered Iran to release all hostages that had been taken at the US embassy in Tehran on November 4, 1979.
    1980 - Dave Winfield signed a ten-year contract with the New York Yankees for a paycheck between $1.3 and $1.5 million, making him the wealthiest player in United States team sport history. It was said the total package for the outfielder was worth over $22 million.
    1981 - Congress passed a $200 billion spending bill. At the time, it was the largest in U.S. history. 
    1982 - Paul "Bear" Bryant announced his retirement as head football coach at the University of Alabama after 232 victories and only 46 losses, and six national championships.   After the game, Bryant was asked what he planned to do now that he was retired. He replied "Probably croak in a week." His reply proved ominous.  Four weeks after making that comment, and just one day after passing a routine medical checkup, on January 25, 1983, Bryant checked into Druid City Hospital in Tuscaloosa after experiencing chest pain. A day later, when being prepared for an electrocardiogram, he died after suffering a massive heart attack.
    1983 - The remaining 80 United States combat soldiers in Grenada withdrew just over seven weeks after the United States-led invasion of the Caribbean island. 
    1983 – MLB Commissioner Bowie Kuhn suspended convicted KC Royals Willie Wilson, Willie Mays Aikens and Jerry Martin, and Dodgers pitcher Steve Howe for one season without pay for their use of illegal drugs. The suspensions will be shortened by an arbitrator and lifted on May 15.  Former Royal Vida Blue, who was released during the season and is currently out of a job, is also suspended.
    1984 - Top Hits
 "Out of Touch" - Daryl Hall & John Oates
 "The Wild Boys" - Duran Duran
 "Like a Virgin" - Madonna
 "Nobody Loves Me Like You Do" - Anne Murray (with Dave Loggins)
    1986 - CIA director William Casey suffers a cerebral seizure.

    1986 - In New York City, violinist Isaac Stern arrived in a horse-drawn carriage to cut the ribbon on the renovated Carnegie Hall.
    1986 - Kenny Rogers cut a $17 million deal with the Dole Food Company to become the highest-paid celebrity pitchman.
    1987 - A major winter storm hit the Great Lakes Region, intensifying explosively as it crossed northern Illinois. High winds and heavy snow created blizzard conditions in southeastern Wisconsin. Winds gusted to 73 mph, and snowfall totals ranged up to 17 inches at LaFarge. The barometric pressure at Chicago dropped three quarters of an inch in six hours to 28.96 inches, a record low reading for December. Up to a foot of snow blanketed northern Illinois, and winds in the Chicago area gusted to 75 mph. O'Hare Airport in Chicago was closed for several hours, for only the fourth time in twenty years. High winds derailed train cars at Avon, IN. Light winds and partly sunny skies were reported near the center of the storm, a feature typical of tropical storms.
    1988 - High pressure in the Pacific Northwest and low pressure in the southwestern U.S. combined to produce high winds from Utah to California. Winds gusting to 70 mph in the San Francisco area left nearly 300,000 residents without electricity. Winds in Utah gusted to 105 mph at Centerville.
    1988 - For his interstate car chase and numerous drug, firearms, and assault offenses, James Brown is sentenced to six and one-half years in a South Carolina prison. He would serve a little more than two.
    1989 - A couple of low pressure systems spread heavy snow across the northeastern U.S. Up to two feet of snow was reported along Lake Erie in northeastern Ohio, and up to ten inches was reported in Connecticut. Heavy snow squalls developed over Michigan for the third day in a row. Three Oaks, MI reported 25 inches of snow in two days. Twenty-six cities in the north central U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date. The low of 10 degrees below zero at Wichita, KS was a December record for that location.
    1993 - Delegations from 117 countries approved by consensus a GATT trade treaty aimed at opening up international markets. 
    1993 - Called "a beautiful film about the holocaust horror", Steven Speilberg's haunting black-and-white film “Schindler's List” opened in United States theaters. Starring Liam Neeson, Ben Kingsley, Ralph Fiennes, and Caroline Goodall, the film won many awards, including Oscars for Best Picture and Best Director. 
    1995 - The United Nations Security Council authorized NATO to take over peacekeeping operations in Bosnia in a resolution spelling the end of one of the United Nations' toughest field missions. 
    1995 - Southeast Asian nations signed a treaty banning the possession, manufacture and acquisition of nuclear weapons and created a nuclear arms-free zone from Burma and Vietnam in the north to Indonesia in the south. 
    1995 - European Union leaders christened their planned new single currency the "Euro." 
    1995 - The Ted Williams Tunnel in Boston is opened as the Splendid Splinter leads the way.
    1996 - Boeing announced plans to pay $13.3 billion to acquire rival aircraft manufacturer McDonnell Douglas.
    1997 - Mike Gartner of the Phoenix Coyotes became the fifth player in NHL history to reach the 700 mark for regular-season goals scored. Gartner tallied at 10:41 of the first period against the Detroit Red Wings in a game that ended in a 3-3 tie.
    1997 - The SF 49ers retired Joe Montana's jersey #16.
    2000 - Senator-elect Hillary Rodham Clinton agreed to accept an $8 million book deal with Simon & Schuster. The book was to be about her eight years in the White House. The advance was the highest ever to be paid to a member of the Congress.
    2001 - An intruder who broke into George Harrison's home and stabbed him earlier in the year is found not guilty by reason of insanity.
    2001 – Eagles’ guitarist Joe Walsh receives an honorary doctorate of music from Kent State University.
    2002 - Indianapolis wide receiver Marvin Harrison catches nine passes for 172 yards and two TDs to break Herman Moore's single-season reception record (123). Harrison finishes the year with 143 catches.
    2005 - Freezing rain and ice pellets fell throughout portions of the southeast U.S. The accumulation of ice caused about 683,000 utilities customers to lose power from northern Georgia northward through the western Carolinas. The power outages were the result of ice accretions of up to three-quarter inch in thickness. The ice storm was blamed for at least four deaths.
    2009 - With U2 leading the way by making over 311 million dollars, several classic rockers were among the top earning touring acts of the year, including Madonna ($222 million), Bruce Springsteen ($156 million), AC/DC ($135 million), Billy Joel and Elton John ($90 million) and Tina Turner ($86 million).
    2009 – Boeing’s new 787 Dreamliner makes its maiden flight from Seattle, WA.
    2011 – Baseball’s all-time career HR leader Barry Bonds is sentenced to 30 days of house arrest, two years of probation and 250 hours of community service, for an obstruction of justice conviction stemming from a grand jury appearance in 2003.
2015 – The Mayor of Flint, Michigan declared a state of emergency over contaminated water supplies amid calls for a criminal investigation.  The contaminated was from lead and possibly Legionella bacteria. In April 2014, during a budget crisis, Flint changed its water source from treated Detroit Water and Sewerage Department water (sourced from Lake Huron and the Detroit) to the Flint River. Residents complained about the taste, smell, and appearance of the water. Officials failed to apply corrosion inhibitors to the water, which resulted inlead from aging pipes leaching into the water supply, exposing around 100,000 residents to elevated lead levels.   A pair of scientific studies confirmed that lead contamination was present in the water supply.   The city switched back to the Detroit water system on October 16, 2015. It later signed a 30-year contract with the new Great lakes Water Authority (GLWA) on November 22, 2017.  Between 6,000 and 12,000 children were exposed to drinking water with high levels of lead.[3] Children are particularly at risk from the long-term effects of lead poisoning, which can include a reduction in intellectual functioning and IQ, and an increased chance of Alzheimer’s disease. The water supply change was considered a possible cause of an outbreak of Legionnaire’s disease in the county that killed 12 people and affected another 87, but the original source of the bacteria was never found. An extensive lead service pipe replacement effort has been underway since 2016. As of July 16, 2021, 27,133 water service lines had been excavated and inspected, resulting in the replacement of 10,059 lead pipes.
2018 - Affordable Care Act (Obamacare) was ruled unconstitutional by a federal judge in Fort Worth, Texas.
2019 – The Raiders played their final NFL game in Oakland, conceding 17 unanswered 2nd half points to go down 20-16 to the Jacksonville Jaguars.  The team moved to Las Vegas to begin the 2020 season.  An original AFL team, they were the Oakland Raiders from 1960 through 1981 and again from 1995 to 2019 before relocating.  Between 1982 and 1994, the team played in Los Angeles as the Los Angeles Raiders.



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