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Leasing News is a web site that posts information, news, and
entertainment for the commercial alternate financing,
, finance and leasing industries

Credit/Syndication Analyst

Position located in Denver, Colorado or Gig Harbor, Washington.

For the right candidate ability to work remote may be an option.

Commercial equipment leasing/finance experience preferred, but must have 2+ years commercial credit experience, strong knowledge of business and credit principles.

For more information, please click here
   A Funding Source for Small Business Since 1981

Wenesday, June 15, 2016

Today's Equipment Leasing Headlines

California Not Crazy Enough to Make Broker's Being Licensed
    to Obtain Written Permission for Each Bank They Deal With
Pawnee Moves to a New Facility in Fort Collins, Colorado
"Both were/are great facilities for us!" Says Pres. Gary Souverein
Leasing Industry Ads---Help Wanted
Opportunity for a Better Position
Sales Make it Happen by Steve Chriest
Hiring the Right Salesperson
Making a Choice Today
Aggregate Funding Sources -- Updated
(Online: connects lessees, lessors, and vendors)
Dennis Brown Retires as VP ELFA State Government Relations
Scott Riehl Hired to Fulfil the Role
German Shepherd Mix
Fort Collins, Colorado Adopt-a-Dog
Thomas E. Schaefer, Air Force Colonel Taken Hostage in Iran,
Dies at 85, Father of David Schaefer, CLFP, CEO, Mintaka Financial
News Briefs---
Nikola, the ‘Tesla of Trucking’, just secured
  $2.3 billion in pre-orders
Shareholders approve $3.4 billion merger between
  Huntington Bancshares and FirstMerit Corp.
Court Backs Rules Treating Internet as Utility,
  Not Luxury; Greater Protection for Web Users
FinTec Nymbus Buys Credit Union Service Provider
  Recently Purchase R.C. Olmstead; Now has 150 Employees
This $650,000 used American supercar has one huge
  advantage over the new Ford GT--Built in USA
Chick-fil-A opens Sunday to help Orlando victims,
  despite anti-gay-rights record

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (writer's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
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   Winter Poem
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######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release” and was not written by Leasing News nor information verified, but from the source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “by line.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.





California Not Crazy Enough to Make Broker's Being Licensed
    to Obtain Written Permission for Each Bank They Deal With

This originally started with well-known bank, finance, and leasing attorney Marshall Goldberg, Woodland Hills, California, who wrote in his "News from Glass & Goldberg: "...if the broker secures a finance lender's license, it CANNOT broker transactions to exempt banks."  (1)

Ken Greene, long time legal representative for Leasing News, working pro bono, stood in for vacationing Legal Editor Tom McCurnin.  He was particularly concerned as he had 30 pending applications from clients while he was advising other attorneys out of state working on getting a license for their clients.

While he did not know the complete circumstances of Marshall Goldberg's application, he was aware of no turn downs on this question to those who filed applications. He also noted the required Department of Business Oversight annual CFL report included questions on dealing with banks and other companies. He requested a written opinion from the DBO Legal Division, and received a letter from Lila Mirashidi, Deputy Commissioner.

As Ken Greene explained the response, it is part of the process of the DBO in their application process (and annual report) to understand all the companies that are not licensed that the CFL Licensee is to do business with. Once the license is granted or renewed, it is not necessary to obtain written permission to do business with a specific bank. This information will become part of the annual report. (2)

The latest comes from a “Glass & Goldberg June, 2016, Special Edition Newsletter,” where Marshall Goldberg includes a letter from DBO CFL Special Administrator Patricia Speight:

"During the initial licensing process, there is a question on the application.  Item #8 asks if the applicant conducts or intends to conduct any other business at the proposed place of business. It also asks them to describe the business.
"If subsequent to licensing the licensee wants to conduct other activity at the licensed place of business, the licensee will need to submit a letter directed to the attention of Patricia Speight, Special Administrator, requesting approval to conduct the other activity. The letter should include a detailed description of the type of activity they intend to conduct and an explanation that they will comply with applicable laws, including DBO laws. Also, the records would need to be maintained separately.

Mr. Marshall added Ms. Speight's address to contact for permission:
"Department of Business Oversight
Patricia Speight, Special Administrator, CFL
320 W. 4th Street, Suite 750
Los Angeles, CA 90013"

Back from vacation, Tom McCurnin, Leasing News Legal Editor, was asked to comment on the latest advice received that a CFL lessor/ broker needed a letter from Patricia Speight to do business with a specific bank in California.

Mr. McCurnin was asked to quote on this issue, and he stated:

“With all respect to my leasing lawyer colleagues, the notion that licensed CFL brokers or lenders have to get permission from the California Department of Oversight to do business with banks or other non-licensed is flat out wrong.  There is a case that came down last year, Montgomery v. GCFS, Inc., 237 Cal. App. 4th 724 (2015) which held that a licensed lender was not required to restrict assignments to only licensed lenders. 

“That said, yes, there is a section in the license application to briefly set forth the business plan of the applicant. There is nothing in the applications or instructions which would require anything other than a general business plan. And, if the reader thinks about it for just a minute, the notion that a licensed lender would have to get advance approval to do business with other entities makes no sense and would stall the already slow licensing process. 

“I really pay very little attention to what government bureaucrats tell me over the phone, because one guy will tell me one thing, and another will tell me something different. Until the CFL puts it in writing, I pay very little attention to what these guys say. 

“Banks are not regulated by the CFL because they are exempt. They can use any broker they want, without regard to the broker’s licensed status. Brokers are regulated by the CFL and must be licensed by the CFL to broker deals in California. So, an unlicensed broker can be paid by an unlicensed bank without recourse to the bank.  But an unlicensed broker making a deal with an unlicensed bank can be subject to fines under the CFL.”

(1) California Licensed Brokers Cannot Send Deals to Banks
    or Any other Unlicensed Lending Institution!

(2) California Licensed Brokers CAN Send Deal to Banks
       Attorney Ken Greene Gets Answer from DBO Legal





Pawnee Moves to a New Facility in Fort Collins, Colorado
"Both were/are great facilities for us!" Says Pres. Gary Souverein

The new location of Pawnee Leasing Corporation is
3801 Automation Way, Fort Collins, Colorado.

### Press Release ##########################

Gary Souverein
Pawnee Leasing

“After 12 years at Centre Avenue, Pawnee Leasing Corporation moved on June 10," said Gary Souverein, Pawnee’s President. “Our stand alone facility has been a fantastic home for Pawnee, but we finally ran out of space in the building this spring as our employee team has grown along with the significant growth of our business. It wasn’t cost effective to build on to the existing building to accommodate our future growth plans, so we have new space that allows our entire team to be together in one single open space in a larger office building in southeast Fort Collins.”

Pawnee Leasing Corporation, exclusively serving the equipment leasing broker and lessor channel since 1982, has expanded its product line over the last ten years and now offers financing not only for start-ups and “B” credits but also for application-only “A” credits to $150,000 to select broker and lessor partners, at competitive rates.

Souverein added, “We’re looking forward to settling in to our new home and expect that it will be as great as our last one at Centre Avenue.  More importantly, I’m looking forward to each of our employees growing, learning and succeeding as a Team in our new home as we set our eyes on new milestones and achievements for Pawnee.”
Pawnee Leasing Corporation, providing lease financing in the lower 48 states since 1982, purchases small-ticket “Start-Up”, “C”, "B" and “A” credit transactions from a national network of brokers/ lessors.  Pawnee Leasing also supports contract servicing for its sister-company, Windset Capital Corporation, a working capital funding source founded in 2013.

For more information please contact

Pawnee Leasing Corporation is a Chesswood Group Limited company traded on the
Toronto Stock Exchange – TSX:CHW  -

### Press Release #############################




Leasing Industry Help Wanted

Credit/Syndication Analyst

Position located in Denver, Colorado or Gig Harbor, Washington.

For the right candidate ability to work remote may be an option.

Commercial equipment leasing/finance experience preferred, but must have 2+ years commercial credit experience, strong knowledge of business and credit principles.

For more information, please click here
   A Funding Source for Small Business Since 1981

Senior Credit Analyst - Transportation

- Minimum 5 years of small ticket/high volume equipment finance underwriting experience preferred
- Relocation benefits available for the right candidate
- For a complete job description, please click here
Established in 1982, Pawnee Leasing Corporation located in Fort Collins, CO specializes in commercial equipment leasing and financing up to $150,000 to smaller, closely-held business enterprises. Pawnee Leasing is a U.S. subsidiary of Chesswood Group Limited, a publicly-held specialty financial services company based in Toronto, Canada (TSX:CHW).


Inside Sales Manager
San Francisco

We are currently seeking qualified talent to be primarily responsible for overseeing the Inside Sales Department within the Vendor business group of the Equipment Finance Division, while developing and improving policies and procedures to properly support high production volume.

For more information
click here

For information on placing a help wanted ad, please click here:

Please see our Job Wanted section for possible new employees.


Sales Make it Happen by Steve Chriest

Hiring the Right Salesperson

Anyone who has managed salespeople must admit to making hiring mistakes. At one time or another, all of us have found ourselves unable to resist the temptation of hiring the next great superstar, even though our intuition made us uneasy, or something in their story just didn't jibe with reality.

If you continue to rely on “gut checks” in your hiring process, you are likely to make more bad hires than necessary. I once heard someone admonish sales managers: “Don't send your ducks to eagle school!” It just won't work. You send the ducks out hunting, they find a rabbit and they make friends with it! You then yell to the ducks, “No, no, reread page twenty-one of your hunting manual!”

The same thing happens when you send the wrong salespeople on a hunting expedition for new prospects and you realize that they make friends with potential customers, buying them lunch, treating them to sporting events, and showering them with expensive gifts. In frustration, you yell, “No, no, bring in the orders, close the prospects, close the prospects!”

The first step in avoiding hiring mistakes is to recognize some of the myths about sales. For example, just like expecting ducks to hunt, you can't train someone for a job they can't do. All the training in the world won't help someone with a poor aptitude for math work successfully as a physicist.

Another myth about sales is that you can train talent. The truth is talent can't be trained. You either can sing like an American Idol or you can't. When it comes to talented salespeople, however, the experts tell us that talented folks can be improved by up to 20%.

Let's look at the numbers. If you can improve someone in the 80th percentile by 20%, they can become a 96%. The bad news, unfortunately, is that all the time and money in the world won't make a 20% more than a 25%!

Nearly 45% of all money spent by business on employee training and education is spent on sales. At some point, companies will demand a better system for selecting sales candidates with the potential and will to perform up to management's expectations. For many companies, this may become their single most important investment to improve market share and profitability.

Finally, avoiding bad hires is a true win-win. The company and sales managers win because time and resources aren't squandered on candidates that just don't have the aptitude or the will to succeed in sales. The candidates win because they are free to pursue other opportunities more suited to their talents and predispositions.


Steve Chriest is the CEO of Open Advance and author of Selling to the E-Suite, The Proven System for Reaching and Selling Senior Executives and Business Acumen 101. He recently re-named his company from Selling-Up.  He produces video and radio blogs, as well as continues as a columnist for Leasing News.
Sales Makes It Happen Articles: 



Aggregate Funding Sources
(Online: connects lessees, lessors, and vendors)

CapitalRelay claims a current network of 738 brokers. 
A current network of 117 lenders.





Dennis Brown Retires as VP ELFA State Government Relations
Scott Riehl Hired to Fulfil the Role

The Equipment Leasing and Finance Association (ELFA) selected Dennis Brown, ELFA Vice President of State Government Relations, to receive its 2016 David H. Fenig Distinguished Service in Advocacy Award. The award, named for ELFA’s former Vice President of Federal Government Relations, honors individuals who have made significant contributions to the association’s advocacy efforts to promote sound public policies for the equipment finance industry. This week he announced his retirement at the end of the year when he turns 67.

Brown has been a recognized valuable member of the ELFA staff for 23 years. He was hired in 1993 to implement a proactive state advocacy program and has played an integral role in the success of the association’s government relations activities, promoting ELFA positions and policy and monitoring and engaging legislation and regulation impacting the industry in all 50 states. The myriad key state advocacy issues Brown has addressed during his tenure include sales/property tax, data security, Uniform Commercial Code, recycling, licensing and leasing to state governments.

Before joining ELFA, Brown served as Executive Director of the State Advertising Coalition representing the three largest national advertising associations in all 50 states. A veteran of the U.S. Army having reached the rank of Sergeant, he is a graduate in political science from the University of Maryland and attended law school at the University of Baltimore.

Scott Riehl

Taking over direction and execution of all aspects of the association’s state government relations strategy, monitoring and engaging legislation and regulation impacting the industry in all 50 states, is Scott Riehl.

For 13 years he represented the consumer products industry, including serving as Vice President of State Government Affairs and Associate Counsel at the Grocery Manufacturers Association. Prior to GMA, Riehl served as a Vice President at Stateside Associates, a full-service state legislative tracking company, where he provided direct political consultation for numerous Fortune 500 companies and D.C.-based trade associations. Previously, Riehl was a state affairs specialist for the National Rifle Association of America. Immediately prior to joining ELFA, he led the Riehl Group LLC, a political and strategic issue management and consulting firm based in Virginia.

In the legal and state legislative arenas, Riehl worked in the Washington, D.C., office of Seyfarth, Shaw, Fairweather and Geraldson, where he specialized in the firm’s government and defense contracts practice. Previously, he was on the staff of the Michigan Attorney General. Riehl began his government relations career in the Michigan Senate, where he served as Counsel and Chief Legislative Aide for two Michigan state senators. Riehl has a B.S. in Political Science from the University of Vermont and a J.D. from Thomas Cooley School of Law.


(Leasing News provides this ad as a trade for appraisals and equipment valuations provided by Ed Castagna)


German Shepherd Mix
Fort Collins, Colorado Adopt-a-Dog

Age: 5 years
Sex: Female
Color: Tricolor
MYM: Goofball
Pet ID: A508867
Price: $100


Larimer Humane Society
6317 Kyle Ave.
Ft. Collins, CO 80525

Mon- Fri: 11am - 7pm
Sat-Sun: 10am - 5pm
All adoption visits must begin at least 15 minutes before closing and conclude by 15 minutes after

Adopt a Pet



Thomas E. Schaefer, Air Force Colonel Taken Hostage in Iran,
Dies at 85, Father of David Schaefer, CLFP, CEO, Mintaka Financial

Washington Post Photo

"I am not sure if you knew this or not but Dave Schaefer’s father was one of the 52 American’s taken hostage by Iranian militants and held for 444 days. Col. Tom Schaefer was the Military Attaché at the American Embassy in Tehran at the time.

“After his release in 1981, Col. Schaefer became a motivational speaker sharing his experience with a wide variety of audiences including audiences in the leasing industry. He spoke at two National Equipment Finance Association Conferences. The first in Lake Tahoe and the last in Dallas. Kit, I spent time with Col. Tom on numerous occasions over the past 15 years or so. He shared some pretty amazing stories of his time in captivity and of his family’s experiences at home during his ordeal. He was a true American hero in my opinion."

  Don Myerson, BSB Leasing

Washington Post Article:




News Briefs---

Nikola, the ‘Tesla of Trucking’, just secured $2.3 billion in pre-orders

Shareholders approve $3.4 billion merger between
   Huntington Bancshares and FirstMerit Corp.

Court Backs Rules Treating Internet as Utility,
     Not Luxury; Greater Protection for Web Users

FinTech Nymbus Buys Credit Union Service Provider
   Recently Purchase R.C. Olmstead; Now has 150 Employees

This $650,000 used American supercar has one huge
   advantage over the new Ford GT--Built in USA

Chick-fil-A opens Sunday to help Orlando victims, despite anti-gay-rights record


Senior Credit Analyst - Transportation

- Minimum 5 years of small ticket/high volume equipment finance underwriting experience preferred
- Relocation benefits available for the right candidate
- For a complete job description, please click here
Established in 1982, Pawnee Leasing Corporation located in Fort Collins, CO specializes in commercial equipment leasing and financing up to $150,000 to smaller, closely-held business enterprises. Pawnee Leasing is a U.S. subsidiary of Chesswood Group Limited, a publicly-held specialty financial services company based in Toronto, Canada (TSX:CHW).




--You May Have Missed It

Time for a better capitalism
  by Henry Blodget, CEO and Editor, Business Insider


SparkPeople--Live Healthier and Longer

Slim Summer Cocktails


Baseball Poem


Twenty-Six Years Now
by Anonymous

After the war
After white on white on white
After Robinson

years now
have come

And the once empty rosters are no longer
as the face of my mother
That day
My father spoke.

I remember the gloom of my fathers words
And what they did to my mother's face
And what they did to my heart
- Those words my daddy spoke.

Daddy told us about
Josh Gibson
And how he was
Swatting white balls
In black parks
while Ruth and fellows
like Foxx
Making hay.

Daddy told us about
Satch, Ole Satch
Lean and hummin;
Told about
Ole Satch
And how when Satch was
Striking black leather
In places
And Birmingham
And Pittsburgh
And Bismarck
And Cleveland
And Whichita
And Kansas City
And Havana
Told when
Satch was doing all those things
Grove and Dean and Feller
Making Hay.

Twenty-six years
since my father's words
Twenty-six years
since his death

He had a belly laugh
My daddy did
And his laugh
if ever such a sound could reach your ears
Would be filled with the
Quiet joy
That men such as
Mays and Robinson and Aaron
Could have given him.

Not their booming home runs and feats of magic.

Just their faces
Just their faces
Just their faces





Sports Briefs----

As sensational as James and Irving have been,
  they still need a lot of help to accomplish history

Cowboys RB Darren McFadden broke his elbow
    trying to rescue his iPhone, coach says

Colin Kaepernick gets contacts, because improved vision can’t hurt

Brandon Marshall agrees to 4-year, $32M deal with Broncos


((Please click on ad to learn more))
(Leasing News provides this ad “gratis” as a means
to help support the growth of Lease Police)


California Nuts Briefs---

Surging California economy vaulted to world’s 6th largest in 2015

Sonoma County home prices go higher, stay higher


Receivables Management LLC
John Kenny

• End of Lease Negotiations & Enforcement 
• Third-Party Commercial Collections | ph 315-866-1167

(Leasing News provides this ad as a trade for investigative
    reporting provided by John Kenny)


“Gimme that Wine”

County approves Walt Ranch vineyard project

Winery application to build ag pond
    makes no mention of cutting hundreds of oak trees

Free Mobile Wine Program

Wine Prices by vintage

US/International Wine Events

Leasing News Wine & Spirits Page


This Day in American History

     1215 - King John officially sealed the Magna Carta in the meadow called Ronimed between Staines. This document is the first charter of English liberties and one of the most important documents in the history of human freedom. Four original copies of the 1215 charter survive.
    1607 - Colonists in North America completed James Fort in Jamestown.  The first permanent English settlement in what is now the United States was established at Jamestown beginning on May 14, 1607. Upon arrival, the hundred-some colonists set about constructing a fort to protect themselves from the nearby Virginia native tribes and from a potential attack from the Spanish settlements in Florida. They completed their initial James Fort and began construction of other buildings to expand the colony. Between 1609 to 1610, lack of local food and replenishment of supplies from England, and inability to cope with disease led to the "starving time," after which only 60 colonists survived. The colony was resupplied with new colonists, and over the next several decades became the center of government for the English colonists, and a port town for additional arrivals from England to the new land, with about 500 people living in or around it at its peak. Notable events during this time included john Role’s marriage to Pocahontas which helped to create a lasting peace treaty with the native Powhatan Confederacy.
    1686 - In Boston, the King's Chapel was organized. It was the first Anglican church established in colonial New England.
    1752 - Benjamin Franklin affixed an iron wire to a kite and proceeded to fly it from a long piece of twine tied to a silk ribbon. Where the twine met the silk, Franklin attached a metal key. His thesis was any overhead electricity would be attracted to the wire at the top of the kite. As it began to lightning, he placed his hand near the key and sparks shot out, proving his experiment a success. Franklin used this discovery to start a new business selling and making lightning rods. The rods were attached to the tops of buildings. A wire ran down the side of the structure to the ground. When lightning struck the top of the rod, it ran down the wire and safely to ground without doing damage to the building. His letter to Peter Collison dated October 19, 1752, describing his experiments was read before the Royal Society of London in December, 1752.
    1775 - The Second Continental Congress chose George Washington commander in chief of the Continental Army. He declined to accept pay for his services, but in 1783, after eight years of war, submitted records of his expenses totaling 24,700 pounds, roughly over $125,000, $15,625 to feed, clothe, and provide food and transportation for his army of men. 
[Detail of 1780 portrait by Charles Willson Peale (1741–1827)] 
    1779 - General Anthony Wayne captured Stony Point, New York, from the British. "I'll storm the Gates of Hell if you will but plan the attack," Wayne told Gen. Washington.
    1789 - Josiah Henson (d. 1883), abolitionist, author, was born in Charles County, Maryland. His autobiography, “The Life of Josiah Henson” (1849) was read by Harriet Beecher Stowe and inspired her best-selling novel, “Uncle Tom's Cabin.”

    1804 - The 12th Amendment to the Constitution was ratified. It changed the method of electing the president and vice president after a tie in the Electoral College during the election of 1800. Rather than each elector voting for two candidates with the candidate receiving the most votes elected president and the second-place candidate elected vice president, each elector was now required to designate his choice for president and vice president, respectively.
    1835 - Adah Isaacs Menken (d. 1868) was born Marie Rachel Adelaide de Vere Spenser in Bordeaux, France and lived in Cuba as a child before her family settled in New Orleans.  U.S. poet and one of the most notorious actresses on the international stage. The part that made her (in) famous was when she was bound, nearly naked, to the back of a horse that galloped about the stage. She fascinated a number of famous men including Mark Twain and Charles Dickens.  “Life in the mining towns of the far West was boisterous and extravagant in 1867. The height of fun and games was achieved in Virginia City, Nevada, site of the fabulous Comstock Lode, in the period from 1860 to 1880. The town had more than 100 saloons, five legitimate theaters, six variety houses, and other establishments such as dance halls. The single most popular performer was Adah Isaacs Menken, known for performing while clad only in a flimsy gown.” The actress and equestrienne Adah Menken was a brilliant self-publicist, and though her fame didn't last, she was very well known in her day. She shocked the public in the 1860s with her short hair, short skirts and decadence. She once gave a press conference lying in a short skirt on a tiger-skin, sipping champagne and smoking a cigarette (smoking was still considered rather daring for a woman). Adah Menken was quick to see the promotional potential of photographs in her campaign to make herself famous. She distributed a prolific number of publicity portraits such as this one. She was particularly keen to get herself photographed with famous men of the day, and managed to persuade the novelist Alexander Dumas and the poet Algernon Charles Swinburne to pose with her. The picture of herself and Swinburne, taken at an informal meeting, was then rushed off to a photographic studio so that it could be reproduced and sold in the street. Swinburne was reportedly furious.
17 en_by_stoddard.php
    1836 - Arkansas became the 25th state. The Land of Opportunity as Arkansas is called, was founded in the late 17th century by Frenchman Henri de Tonti. His interpretation of Quapaw, the Indian tribe that lived in the area, was Arkansas. Little Rock, the state’s largest city is also its capital. The state bird and the state flower are the mockingbird and apple blossom, respectively.  Arkansas seceded from the United States during the Civil War. Upon returning to the Union, the state would continue to suffer due to its earlier reliance on slavery and the plantation economy, causing the state to fall behind economically and socially. While rural interests continued to dominate the state's politics until the Civil Rights movement in the mid-20th century. Arkansas began to diversify its economy following World War II and now relies on its service industry as well as aircraft, poultry, steel and tourism in addition to cotton and rice.
    1844 - Inventor Charles Goodyear received a patent for vulcanizing rubber. Prior to this, no one knew how to keep natural rubber from melting in the summer and hardening in the winter. Reputedly Goodyear discovered the process by accident, after years of experimentation, when he dropped some rubber mixed with sulfur on a hot stove. The resulting substance resembled charred leather, but was still resilient and elastic. Goodyear called the process "vulcanization," after the Roman God of Fire, Vulcan. He had received a previous patent on June 17, 1837, for a method of destroying the adhesive properties of rubber by applying bismuth, nitric acid with copper or other materials.
     1846 - Representatives of Great Britain and the United States sign the Oregon Treaty, which settles a long-standing dispute with Britain over who controlled the Oregon territory. The treaty established the 49th parallel from the Rocky Mountains to the Strait of Georgia as the boundary between the United States and British Canada. The United States gained formal control over the future states of Oregon, Washington, Idaho, and Montana, and the British retained Vancouver Island and navigation rights to part of the Columbia River. 
After 1838, the issue of who possessed Oregon became increasingly controversial, especially when mass American migration along the Oregon Trail began in the early 1840s. American expansionists urged seizure of Oregon, and in 1844, Democrat James K. Polk successfully ran for President under the platform "Fifty-four forty or fight," which referred to his hope of bringing a sizable portion of present-day Vancouver and Alberta into the United States. However, neither President Polk nor the British government wanted a third Anglo-American war, and on June 15, 1846, the Oregon Treaty, a compromise, was signed.
    1863 - President Abraham Lincoln calls for help in protecting the capital. Throughout June, Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia was on the move. He had pulled his army from its position along the Rappahannock River around Fredericksburg and set it on the road to Pennsylvania. Lee and the Confederate leadership decided to try a second invasion of the North to take pressure off Virginia and to seize the initiative against the Army of the Potomac. The first invasion, in September 1862, failed when the Federals fought Lee's army to a standstill at Antietam. Lee later divided his army and sent the regiments toward the Shenandoah Valley, using the Blue Ridge Mountains as a screen. After the Confederates took Winchester, Virginia, on June 14, they were situated on the Potomac River, seemingly in a position to move on Washington, D.C. Lincoln did not know it, but Lee had no intention of attacking Washington. All Lincoln knew was that the Rebel army was moving en masse and that Union troops could not be certain as to the Confederates' location. On June 15, Lincoln put out an emergency call for 100,000 troops from the state militias of Pennsylvania, Maryland, Ohio, and West Virginia. Although the troops were not needed, and the call could not be fulfilled in such a short time, it was an indication of how little the Union authorities knew of Lee's movements and how vulnerable they thought the Federal capital was.
    1864 – General Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Potomac and Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia collide for the last time when the first wave of Union troops attack Petersburg, a vital Southern rail center thirty-seven kilometers south of the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia. The two massive armies would not become disentangled until April 9, 1865, when Lee surrendered and his men went home.
    1877 - Henry Ossian Flipper (1856-1940), born a slave in Thomasville, Georgia, becomes the first African-American cadet to graduate from the US Military Academy at West Point, New York. Flipper, who was never spoken to by a white cadet during his four years at West Point, is appointed a second lieutenant in the all-African-American 10th Cavalry, stationed at Fort Sill in Indian Territory.
    1880 - Birthday of blind singer/violinist Alfred Reed (d. 1956), Floyd City, VA
    1885 [some cite 1887] - Birthday of Malvina Cornell Hoffman (d. 1966), NYC.  U.S. sculptor. Internationally admired, she received the largest sculptural commission ever given to man (or woman). It consisted of 110 life-sized bronze statues for the Hall of Man, Field Museum, Chicago. She studied with Rodin in Paris (after being turned away five times) and made a series of sculptures interpreting dance. Her forte was portraiture busts. Her mother was a talented amateur pianist.
     1896 - The temperature at Fort Mojave, CA, soared to 127 degrees, the hottest reading of record for June for the U.S. The low that day was 97 degrees. Morning lows of 100 degrees were reported on the 12th, 14th and 16th of the month.
    1898 - Annexation of Hawaii was approved in a joint resolution adopted by the House of Representatives, and by the Senate on June 17. It was signed by President McKinley on July 7.
    1901 - Birthday of co-founder of Decca records Jack Kapp (d. 1949), one of the first to record Black music, including Jazz artists.  He also oversaw Bing Crosby’s rise as a recording artist in the early 1930s.  Four decades later, Crosby continued expressing appreciation to Kapp for diversifying his song catalogue into various styles and genres, saying, "I thought he was crazy, but I just did what he told me." Kapp could not read or sing music, but to his talent he stressed the credo, "Where's the melody?"
    1909 - Benjamin F. Shibe of Bala, PA, obtained a patent for a baseball with a cork center. It was first manufactured by A.G. Spalding and Brothers, Chicago, IL, and was used in occasional league games in 1909 and in regular play in 1910. The ball was first used in a World Series game, secretly, on October 20, 1910, in Chicago, IL. The Philadelphia Athletics defeated the Chicago Cubs in five games.  Shibe was owner and president of the Athletics from 1901 until his death in 1922.  Shibe Park, at N 21st St & W Lehigh Ave in Philadelphia, was the A’s home until 1954, renamed Connie Mack Stadium in 1953, when they moved to Kansas City. 
    1917 - The first army training camp for African-American officers was established at Fort Des Moines, Des Moines, IA, and was known as the 17th Provisional Training Regiment. On October 15, 1917, the first commissions were granted, with 106 African-Americans commissioned as second lieutenants.
    1917 - Congress passed and President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the Espionage Act, authorizing the Treasury Secretary to assume control of U.S. ports, control ship movements, establish anchorages and supervise the loading and storage of explosive cargoes. The authority was immediately delegated to the Coast Guard and formed the basis for the formation of the Coast Guard's Captain of the Ports and the Port Security Program.
    1920 - Canadian record retailer Sam Sniderman (d. 2012) was born in Toronto. Sniderman began selling records in his family's radio store in 1937. He opened a second Toronto outlet in a furniture store in 1959. Two years later, Sniderman opened the now-famous Sam the Record Man store on Yonge Street. The store once claimed the largest selection of retail records in the world. A Sam the Record Man franchise chain was established in 1969, and the stores now are a familiar sight across Canada.
    1921 - Errol Garner (d. 1977) was born in Pittsburgh, Pa. I believe I have every album he recorded, and two copies of several as I play them at my office and home all the time. He, Oscar Peterson, Fats Waller, and James Johnson as well as classical piano and clavichord music are played often in my office. “Concert by the Sea” is his best-selling album.
    1921 - Bessie Coleman becomes the first Black woman to earn an aviation pilot's license in the world - and the first woman to earn an international aviation license from the Federation Aeronautique Internationale. A native of Texas, she went to France to get her pilot's license because of the bigotry of those in U.S. aviation who opposed her training because she was a woman and because she was black. No black U.S. aviator would train her either. A native of Texas, she learned to speak French and saved enough money to go to France. It was not simple but she got through it and fulfilled her dream of flying. On her return to the U.S. she taught other black women to fly as well as doing the usual (for the time) barnstorming in air circuses to keep flying. "Queen Bessie," as she was known was a highly popular draw for the next 15 years. However, on 04-30-1936, while practicing for a show in Orlando, Fla., a loose wrench fell into the engine and she did not have a parachute or seat belts and actually fell out of the plane to her death.
    1923 – Lou Gehrig’s Major League debut was with the Yankees as a pinch-hitter.
    1924 - Ford Motor Company manufactures its 10 millionth Model T automobile. It was named the most influential car of the 20th century in the 1999 Car of the Century competition.  With 16.5 million sold, it stands eighth on the top ten list of most sold cars of all time as of 2012. 
    1925 – The Philadelphia Athletics trailed the Cleveland Indians 15-4 going into the bottom of the 8th.  They scored 13 runs to win, 17-15.
    1928 - Republicans, convening in Kansas City, name Herbert Hoover their candidate for President and Charles Curtis of Kansas for the Vice-President.
    1934 - Great Smoky Mountains National Park established. Area along southern section of Tennessee—North Carolina boundary was authorized May 22, 1926, established for administration and protection on Feb. 6, 1930, and finally established for full development as a national park in 1934.
    1937 - Jimmie Lunceford records his them “For Dancers Only,” Decca 1340.
    1937 - Waylon Jennings (d. 2002), a leader of the outlaw country movement of the 1970's, was born in Littlefield, Texas. Jennings, along with Willie Nelson, spearheaded the movement away from heavy orchestral backing, opting for a leaner, harder sound which edged close to rock. Jennings met Buddy Holly in 1958, and ended up touring as Holly's bass player. When Holly's plane crashed in February 1959, killing Holly, Ritchie Valens and the Big Bopper, it was Jennings who had given up his seat to the Bopper. Jennings signed with RCA in 1965, but by 1970, he was becoming disenchanted with not being able choose his own material, musicians and production. On the 1972 album, "Ladies Love Outlaws," he was at last able to use his own band, the Waylons, and to record current material, such as the Three Dog Night hit, "Never Been to Spain." The following year, the album "Honky Tonk Heroes" solidified his reputation as a country outlaw. In 1976, the album "Wanted - the Outlaws," featuring Jennings, his wife.
   1941 - Singer and songwriter Harry Nilsson (d. 1994) was born in Brooklyn, New York. His breakthrough came in 1968 with the album "Aerial Ballet," which contained the hit single, "Everybody's Talkin'." It stayed in the top ten for much of 1969 and was the theme from the film "Midnight Cowboy." Nilsson's 1970 LP, "Nilsson Schmilsson," sold a million copies. From it came the chart-topping single, "Without You." Harry Nilsson held the distinction of never performing in public. And he only rarely appeared on TV.  He also scored the film “Skidoo'' and the TV show “The Courtship of Eddie's Father.''
     1942 - Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) was founded as the Committee of Racial Equality by an interracial group of students in Chicago. Many of these students were members of the Chicago branch of the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR), a pacifist organization seeking to change racist attitudes. The founders of CORE were deeply influenced by Mahatma Gandhi's teachings of nonviolent resistance. CORE started as a nonhierarchical, decentralized organization funded entirely by the voluntary contributions of its members. The organization was initially co-led by white University of Chicago student George Houser and black student James Farmer. In 1942, CORE began protests against segregation in public accommodations by organizing sit-ins. It was also in 1942 that CORE expanded nationally. James Farmer traveled the country with Bayard Rustin, a field secretary with FOR, and recruited activists at FOR meetings. CORE's early growth consisted almost entirely of white middle-class college students from the Midwest. CORE pioneered the strategy of nonviolent direct action, especially the tactics of sit-ins, jail-ins, and freedom rides.
James Farmer’s father
    1944 - In a continued effort to penetrate the Japanese inner defenses, US amphibious forces invaded the Mariana Islands. A huge fleet, as documented in "Victory at Sea," of 800 ships from Guadalcanal and Hawaii carried the 2nd and 4th Marine Divisions, consisting of 162,000 men. By the end of the day, 20,000 of these men had established a 5 ½ mile-long beachhead on the island of Saipan. Though the American forces suffered heavy losses during an overnight counterattack, on the morning of June 16, the Marines still held the area they had taken the day before. A huge victory for the U.S. Marines. 
    1944 - Birthday of guitarist, pianist, songwriter Eddie Hinton (d. 1985), Tuscaloosa, AL.
    1948 - Football Coach Mike Holmgren was born in San Francisco, CA.  Holmgren began his NFL career as a quarterbacks' coach and later as offensive coordinator with the San Francisco 49ers, when they won Super Bowl XXIII and XXIV. He served as the head coach of the Green Bay Packers from 1992 to 1998, appearing in two Super Bowls, and of the Seattle Seahawks from 1999 to 2008.  Holmgren is noted for his role in molding quarterbacks such as Hall of Famers Steve Young and Brett Favre. Hall of Famer Joe Montana won his two MVP awards under the direction of Holmgren in 1989 and 1990. Under Holmgren's leadership and play-calling the Packers were consistent winners and never had a losing season.  He finally met his undoing at the football graveyard known as the Cleveland Browns.  He was president from 2010-12 until he was fired for....losing.
    1949 - Baseball coach, manager and former player Johnnie B. “Dusty” Baker, Jr. born Riverside, Ca.  He enjoyed a 19-year career as a hard-hitting outfielder, primarily with the Atlanta Braves and Los Angeles Dodgers. He helped the Dodgers to pennants in 1977 and 1978 and to the World Series championship in 1981. He then enjoyed a 20-year career as a manager with the San Francisco, Chicago Cubs, Cincinnati Reds, and now Washington Nationals.  Currently, he is the 21st winningest manager in baseball history with 1705 wins.
    1949 - Russell Hitchcock of Air Supply is born in Melbourne, Australia. The group has three million-selling singles, including the No. 1 hit, “The One That You Love.''
    1950 - Top Hits
“My Foolish Heart” - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Eileen Wilson)
“Bewitched” - The Gordon Jenkins Orchestra (vocal: Mary Lou Williams)
“The Third Man Theme” - Alton Karas
“Why Don’t You Love Me: - Hank Williams
    1952 - U.S. Air Force Second Lieutenant James F. Low, 4th Fighter-Interceptor Wing, became the 17th ace of the Korean War with his fifth MiG kill. The most junior in grade ace of the war, Low had been in combat for only six days.
    1952 – “Anne Frank: Diary of a Young Girl,” was published in the United States. It contained the memoirs of Dutch-Jewish teenager Anne Frank and her time spent with her family and others in hiding during World War II. She later died in a Nazi concentration camp, and many years later, her father, the only surviving member of her family, found her diary.
    1952 – “My Little Margie” premieres on TV. A very popular show in its day, "My Little Margie" was a half-hour sitcom about a "womanizing widower and his meddlesome daughter." Margie was played by Gale Storm and Charles Farrell played her father, Vern Albright.
    1953 - The USS Princeton launched 184 sorties and established a single-day Korean War record for offensive sorties flown from the deck of a carrier.
    1954 - Courtenay Cox, ("Family Ties," "Friends,” “Cougar Town”), was born in Mountain Brook, AL.
    1954 - Blind country singer Terri Gibbs birthday born Miami, Florida.
    1957 - East Saint Louis was deluged with 16.54 inches of rain in 24 hours, a record for the state of Illinois.
    1957 - Elvis Presley's new single, "All Shook Up," debuts on the UK charts before its release, due to advance copies of the single -- intended for US troops in Europe -- finding their way into the hands of British DJs.
    1958 - Top Hits
“The Purple People Eater” - Sheb Wooley
“Do You Want to Dance” - Bobby Freeman
“Yakety Yak” - The Coasters
“All I Have to Do is Dream” - The Everly Brothers
    1958 - The Platters sing "Twilight Time" on Ed Sullivan.
    1961 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit:  “Moody River,'' Pat Boone.
    1963 - Actress Helen Hunt’s birthday, ("Mad About You," “Peggy Sue Got Married,” “Twister”), born Los Angeles, CA. 
    1963 – Seattle, Washington first civil rights march:
More than 700 people attended a "freedom march" protesting racial discrimination in Seattle. The marchers, many of whom were white, walked in silence but carried signs. The Rev. Mance Jackson announced that the Bon Marché promised 30 new jobs for African Americans in its downtown and Northgate stores.
    1963 - Jan and Dean's "Surf City" is released. The song featured Brian Wilson on backing vocals and would prove to be the duo's only US number 1 record. 
    1963 - 21-year-old Kyu Sakamoto became the first Japanese artist to hit the top of the US singles chart with a song called "Sukiyaki". It was also a #6 hit in the UK. The original title of the song was "Ue O Muite Aruko", which translates "I Look Up When I Walk". Sakamoto was killed on August 12th, 1985, when JAL Flight 123, a 747, crashed and burned on a thickly wooded mountain about 60 miles northwest of Tokyo. He was 43. 
    1965 - Bob Dylan recorded "Like a Rolling Stone," the first of his recordings to feature electric instruments. Dylan's emerging rock 'n' roll leanings proved popular - "Like a Rolling Stone" reached number two on the Billboard chart.
    1965 - Elvis Presley film “Tickle Me'' premieres.
    1966 - Top Hits
Paint It, Black - The Rolling Stones
Did You Ever Have to Make Up Your Mind? - The Lovin’ Spoonful
I Am a Rock - Simon & Garfunkel
Distant Drums - Jim Reeves
    1966 - The Beatles album, "Yesterday & Today" is released by Capitol in the controversial "butcher" sleeve, with the Beatles smiling amongst a group of decapitated baby dolls. The original photo quickly became a problem for Capitol, so it was pulled and replaced by a more conventional cover. Could not find it for sale on eBay.
    1967 [June 15-18] - The first rock musical festival was held in Monterey, CA. I was there. It was a mad house. Promoter Alan Pariser and booking agent Ben Shapiro assembled the largest roster of rock and soul acts up to that time, including the Who, the Grateful Dead, Otis Redding, Jefferson Airplane, Big Brother and the Holding Company with Janis Joplin, and the Jimi Hendrix Experience. More than 50,000 fans attended the non-profit event, which inaugurated a decade of ever-larger rock festivals. 
    1969 - KELLEY, THOMAS G., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Lieutenant Commander, U.S. Navy, River Assault Division 152. place and date: Ong Muong Canal, Kien Hoa province, Republic of Vietnam, 15 June 1969. Entered service at: Boston, Mass. Born: 13 May 1939, Boston, Mass. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty in the afternoon while serving as commander of River Assault Division 152 during combat operations against enemy aggressor forces. Lt. Comdr. (then Lt.) Kelley was in charge of a column of 8 river assault craft which were extracting 1 company of U.S. Army infantry troops on the east bank of the Ong Muong Canal in Kien Hoa province, when 1 of the armored troop carriers reported a mechanical failure of a loading ramp. At approximately the same time, Viet Cong forces opened fire from the opposite bank of the canal. After issuing orders for the crippled troop carrier to raise its ramp manually, and for the remaining boats to form a protective cordon around the disabled craft, Lt. Comdr. Kelley realizing the extreme danger to his column and its inability to clear the ambush site until the crippled unit was repaired, boldly maneuvered the monitor in which he was embarked to the exposed side of the protective cordon in direct line with the enemy's fire, and ordered the monitor to commence firing. Suddenly, an enemy rocket scored a direct hit on the coxswain's flat, the shell penetrating the thick armor plate, and the explosion spraying shrapnel in all directions. Sustaining serious head wounds from the blast, which hurled him to the deck of the monitor, Lt. Cmdr. Kelley disregarded his severe injuries and attempted to continue directing the other boats. Although unable to move from the deck or to speak clearly into the radio, he succeeded in relaying his commands through 1 of his men until the enemy attack was silenced and the boats were able to move to an area of safety. Lt. Comdr. Kelley's brilliant leadership, bold initiative, and resolute determination served to inspire his men and provide the impetus needed to carry out the mission after he was medically evacuated by helicopter. His extraordinary courage under fire, and his selfless devotion to duty sustain and enhance the finest traditions of the U.S. Naval Service.
    1969 - “Hee Haw” TV premiere. The show has been described as a country-western version of "Laugh-In," composed of fast-paced sketches, silly jokes and songs. Though critics didn't like it, it had popular appeal and did well as a syndicated show. It was co-hosted by Buck Owens and Roy Clark, alternating with guest hosts. Regular performers included Louis M. "Grandpa" Jones, Junior Samples, Jeannine Riley, Lulu Roman, David "Stringbean" Akeman, Sherry Miles, Lisa Todd, Minnie Pearl and Gordie Tapp.
    1970 - Jimi Hendrix records his first session at his Electric Ladyland Studio in New York City. It was the guitarist's state of the art "dream" studio.
    1971 - The Guess Who's "Best of the Guess Who" LP goes gold.
    1974 - Top Hits
“Billy, Don’t Be a Hero” - Bo Donaldson & The Heywoods
“You Make Me Feel Brand New” - The Stylistics
“Sundown” - Gordon Lightfoot
“I Don’t See Me in Your Eyes Anymore” - Charlie Rich
    1976 - “Rain in” at the Astrodome. A 10-inch rainstorm caused the postponement of a regular season baseball game between the Pittsburgh Pirates and the Houston Astros at the Astrodome, a domed stadium. The rain caused flash floods that prevented everyone except members of both teams from getting to the ballpark.
    1976 – Reminiscent of Connie Mack’s Depression-era fire sale of Athletics’ stars in 1930s, Oakland A’s owner Charlie Finley attempted to sell three of his star players. Joe Rudi and Rollie Fingers were sent to the Boston Red Sox for $1 million apiece and Vida Blue to the New York Yankees for $1.5 million. Three days later, MLB Commissioner Bowie Kuhn voided the moves, saying they are "not in the best interests of baseball."
    1977 – The Mets traded “The Franchise,” Tom Seaver to the Cincinnati Reds for four lesser players in a move that had the Big Apple howling…still does.  Seaver went on to win 75 games in his five years with the Reds while the Mets kept sliding down in the standings.
    1980 - Jack Nicklaus won his fourth US Open, shooting a record score of 272 at Baltusrol Golf Club. The previous record score for the Open was 275, held by Nicklaus (1967) and Lee Trevino (1968.)
    1982 - Top Hits
“Ebony and Ivory” - Paul McCartney with Stevie Wonder
“Don’t Talk to Strangers” - Rick Springfield
“Don’t You Want Me” - The Human League
“For All the Wrong Reasons” - The Bellamy Brothers
    1988 - Severe thunderstorms in the Central High Plains Region spawned five tornadoes around Denver, CO, in just one hour. A strong (F-3) tornado in southern Denver injured seven persons and caused $10 million damage. Twenty-six cities in the eastern U.S. reported record high temperatures for the date. The high of 97 degrees at Portland, ME was a record for June.
    1989 - Thunderstorms produced severe weather over the Southern and Middle Atlantic Coast States. The thunderstorms spawned eight tornadoes, including strong (F-3) tornadoes which injured three persons at Mountville, PA and four persons at Columbia, PA. There were 111 reports of large hail and damaging winds, including wind gusts to 80 mph at Norfolk, VA, and Hogback Mountain, SC.
    1990 - The Rolling Stones song, "Paint It Black," hit number 1 in the Netherlands for the second time, twenty-four years after it first topped the singles chart. The song was included on their "Singles Collection" box set the previous year. 
    1990 - Top Hits
“Hold On” - Wilson Phillips
“Poison” - Bell Biv DeVoe
“It Must Have Been Love” - Roxette
“Love Without End, Amen” - George Strait
    1993 - Ray Charles made music history when his album "My World" showed up on Billboard's Hot 200, marking the sixth decade he had a charted LP.
    1992 - The second largest two-day tornado outbreak in U.S. history commenced as a developing cumulus cloud broke through the cap in north central Kansas and exploded into a huge supercell thunderstorm. Between 4:15 and 8:35 pm CDT, this supercell produced 39 tornadoes in north central Kansas, including 12 in Mitchell County and 9 in Osborne County. A farmer living south of Cawker City reported going to the basement in his farm home 5 different times and each time he came out of the basement, his farm had additional damage. He also reported that at one time, he counted 3 tornadoes on the ground and 4 funnels in the air. Damage to property in Mitchell County exceeded $12 million.
    1999 - Oriole Will Clark gets his 2,000th career hit in the 10-inning victory over the Royals, 6-5.
    2001 - The Los Angeles Lakers take their second in a row NBA Championship, beating the Philadelphia 76ers in game 5.
    2002 - The Los Angeles Lakers take their third consecutive NBA Championship.
    2004 - Detroit Pistons play as a team and dominated the Los Angeles Lakers, whose players are charged as being “old and slow” by the sports press.
    2005 - A judge in Mississippi approved a divorce settlement between Jerry Lee Lewis and his sixth wife, Kerrie Lynn McCarver Lewis. She would receive $250,000 immediately and $30,000 a year for five years.
    2005 - Joining Mayor Michael Bloomberg, Governor George Pataki, and team officials, George Steinbrenner announces plans for new ballpark in The Bronx. The Yankee-financed $800 million facility, which will be built north of the current stadium in Macombs Dam Park, will seat at least 51,800 and will mirror the ‘The House that Ruth Built’ including limestone walls and the familiar copper frieze.  The New Yankee Stadium opened for the 2009 season across River Ave and behind what was left field from the original.

Stanley Cup Champions
    1998 - Detroit Red Wings
NBA Champions
    2001 - Los Angeles Lakers
    2002 - Los Angeles Lakers 
    2003 - Los Angeles Lakers
    2004 - San Antonio Spurs
    2005 - Detroit Pistons



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