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Leasing News is a web site that posts information, news, and
entertainment for the commercial alternate financing,
, finance and leasing industry

Friday, November 6, 2015

Today's Equipment Leasing Headlines

Correction: Alternate Finance: Friend or Foe
 to the Bank, Finance, and Leasing Industry
ELFA and Attorney Committee on CA SB 197
  Dialogue with California State Commissioner
New Hires---Promotions in the Leasing Business
  and Related Industries
Leasing Industry Ads---Help Wanted
  Ascentium Capital/IMCA Capital
Credit/Collections #102 by Ben Carlile
  Performance Metrics for Credit Analysts
Leasing Conferences – Updated
The Alta Group Remarkets 3,051 Off-Lease
  Domestic Containers for Key Equipment Finance
Bridge of Spies/Crimson Peak
Tomorrowland/Jurassic World/Mulholland Dr
  Film/Digital/DVD Reviews by Fernando Croce
Akita/Korean Jindo
   Woodland Hills, California  Adopt-a-Dog
News Briefs---
Chesswood Reports 3rd Quarter
 Pawnee & Blue Chip Cite Record Originations
House Passes Highway Bill With
   Export-Import Bank Renewal

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (writer's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

You May have Missed---
   SparkPeople--Live Healthier and Longer
    Sports Briefs---
      California Nuts Brief---
       "Gimme that Wine"    
          This Day in American History
           Daily Puzzle
               Weather, USA or specific area
                 Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release” and was not written by Leasing News nor information verified, but from the source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “by line.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.

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Correction: Alternate Finance: Friend or Foe
to the Bank, Finance, and Leasing Industry

In the article, one of the links was broken and the other was moved by the website. The links were important as they noted the backers of California SB 197 according to a press release from the author State Senator  Marty Block of San Diego (1). Listed were the associations: CAMEO Associations, American Sustainable Business Council, and board of directors, who appear to have pushed this bill for themselves and their clients’ benefit. During the process the bill was amended, and obviously, the group backing the bill did not realize the dramatic effect it would have on other industries in the banking, finance, and leasing businesses.

(1) Senator Block Press Release

Alternate Financing: Friend or Foe
 to the Bank, Finance, and Leasing Industry?
  by Christopher Menkin



ELFA and Attorney Committee on CA SB 197
Dialogue with California State Commissioner

Attorney Marshall Goldberg, Glass & Goldberg, Woodland Hills, California wrote in his latest newsletter, “We are working closely with the Equipment Lease and Finance Association to open a dialogue with the Department of Business Oversight on their interpretations of the law and its impact on the lending industry.”


California Finance Lender's License Law Is Amended
To Allow Licensees To Pay Referral Fees to
Unlicensed Persons, But Only Under
Very Limited Circumstances.

On October 5, 2015, Jerry Brown signed into law Senate Bill 197, which amends the California Finance Lender's Law to authorize compensation to unlicensed persons for referrals of commercial loans to licensed lenders. However, under the new law, unlicensed persons may not:

-Participate in loan negotiations.
-Counsel or advise the borrower about a loan.
-Participate in the preparation of any loan documents.
-Contact the lender on behalf of the borrower beyond the initial referral.
-Obtain loan documentation from the borrower or deliver that documentation to the lender.
-Communicate lending decisions or inquiries to the Borrower.
-Participate in creating sales literature or marketing materials.
-Obtain the borrowers signature on loan documents.
The new law only allows for the payment of a referral fee once a loan has been approved and requires that all loans involving the payment of a referral fee adhere to best practices for commercial lending, including:

-Verification of the borrower's commercial status;
-The loan's annual percentage rate (APR) does not exceed 36%;
-The loan's minimum term is one year;
-The Lender performs vigorous underwriting to ensure the borrower's financials support the repayment of the loan.
In addition, lenders must provide the borrower with a written statement detailing the referral arrangement.

21600 Oxnard Street, Suite 320
Woodland Hills, CA 91367.
(818) 888-2220

Mr.Goldberg is a member of Leasing News 25 Most Influential Lawyers in Equipment Finance and Leasing 



New Hires---Promotions in the Leasing Business
and Related Industries

Mike Mayfield was hired by First Foundation Bank, Irvine, California, as Senior Vice President, Equipment Financing Manager (actually starting the department). He was President, Golden West Group, Inc. LLC (April, 2010-October, 2015): Managing Member, Commercial Finance Company (June, 2006-April, 2010). Prior, he had 40 years of banking from Loan Officer to President and CEO. Education: Pepperdine University, MBA (1969 – 1971).

Robert Munz was announced as Vice President, Equipment Leasing and Finance at First Niagara. He is based in Chagrin Falls, Ohio. He joined the firm August, 2015. Previously, he was President, A & M Sales, LLC (November, 2014 – August, 2015); Vice President, Key Equipment Finance (January, 2008 – October, 2014); VP, Maxus Capital Group, LLC (2006 – 2007). Education: Chafrin 89, Ohio University.

Mike Myers was hired as Vice President, Healthcare Equipment Marketing at Meridian Leasing Corporation, Greater Chicago area.  Previously, he was Senior Vice President, First Financial Healthcare Solutions (December, 2009 – October, 2015); Vice President, Healthcare, Relational Technology Solutions (April, 2007 – November, 2009); Vice President, Sales, Xtria, LLC (2004 – 2005); Vice President, MedAssets Exchange (1999 – 2003); Vice President, Comdisco, Inc (1990 – 1999). Certification: Six Sigma Green Belt. Organizations: HFMA, ELFA, AOPA. Education: DePaul University, Charles H. Kellstadt Graduate School of Business, MBA, Marketing (1978 – 1982); Northeastern Illinois University, BS, Biology (1973 – 1974).

Chris O'Neill was hired as a Regional Sales Manager, Technology Channel Sales Force, Creekridge Capital, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Previously, he was Vice President, M&T Bank (August, 2013 – October, 2015); Vice President, Ascentium Capital (December, 2011 – August, 2013); Vice President, Sterling National Bank (October, 2010 – December, 2011); Vice President, GE Capital (April, 2004 – October, 2010). Education: St. Thomas Aquinas College, BS, Accounting.

Bryan Smith was hired as Chief Lending Officer at Marlin Business Services Corp., Mount Laurel, New Jersey; based out of Greater Salt Lake City area. Previously, he was Vice President, Pacific Western Bank
(May, 2009 – November, 2015); Credit Analyst, Zions Bank (March, 2006 – May, 2009); Documentation Specialist, Credit Analyst, CIT
(December 2000–October 2005). Volunteer: Scout Master, Boy Scouts of America (January, 2003 – Present). Languages: Tagalog.
Education: Brigham Young University, Bachelors, Psychology, 3.8 GPA (1995–2000). Roswell High School, High School Diploma, College Prep (1988 – 1992). Activities and Societies: Drama Club, Show Choir, Chamber Choir, High School Mascot.


Leasing Industry Help Wanted



Credit/Collections #102 by Ben Carlile

Performance Metrics for Credit Analysts

It’s a beautiful Monday morning in November, the first day on the job for your newly-hired junior credit analyst!  After she completes some remaining paperwork and finishes a quick tour of the office, she is excited to get started in her new position. She turns to you and says “I want to do a great job for you. Could I see my performance objectives?”

Ooops!  Yes, you have written performance objectives….but they are essentially unchanged since 2006! With all of the changes in the business, there have been too many other priorities, and the credit goals have not been updated. Credit objectives do exist, but they don’t reflect the full extent of performance you’d like to target.

But this gets you thinking: What would the updated credit performance metrics look like?

Well, if there’s one thing I’ve learned from managing credit analysts, it’s this: there are many different ways of measuring and recognizing analyst performance. (In fact, some well-known entities have started to de-emphasize data-based employee metrics. They have eliminated the annual performance review altogether! More on that topic in a separate article.*)

And try as I might, I have not found one single metric that perfectly measures a credit analyst’s performance or skill. For instance, consider calculating the ongoing income or profitability of the transactions approved by the analyst. This metric is flawed because income is affected by fluctuating costs and decisions that are outside of the analyst’s control. And near-term income does not directly measure other key aspects of good performance: 

We need our analysts to apply robust analytical practices and make sound decisions while following policies and procedures. We want them to manage a sufficient and growing volume of transactions in an increasingly efficient manner, and also exercise creativity help improve processes. We want them to work independently as well as collaborate with fellow employees and outside sources to get things done on time and achieve the best results. We want them to serve applicants, customers and originators well, so the firm can grow its reputation and generate profitable repeat business.

The reality is that more than one metric will be needed to adequately measure the breadth of a credit analyst’s performance. So most lenders will provide their credit analysts and teams with a short list of objectives that reasonably reflect the entity’s credit-driven KPIs.

What do effective objectives look like? I use the Eight C’s of Performance Goals as a guide to writing effective objectives (not to be confused with the Five C’s of Credit Analysis):


The Eight C’s of Effective

Performance Goals

Performance goals should be:


CLEAR: Unambiguous, well-defined, valid and meaningful


CONCISE: Simple to understand, easy to implement and execute


COMMONSENSICAL: Realistic, fair and achievable by stretching, with minimal unintended consequences


COMMUNICATED: clearly and consistently, orally and in writing


CALCULATED: Data-driven (minimally subjective), calculated easily and automatically*


CONGRUENT: with the firm’s Risk Appetite Statement, KPIs, long term mission, and compliance mandates


CHARACTER-BUILDING: encourages teamwork, self-motivation and personal skill development


CALIBRATED: Periodically reviewed for continued relevance, proper compliance and need for revision

And how about some examples? Although business models, data points, processes, and analysts’ duties vary considerably, below are some generalized ideas for underwriter performance metrics. Some of these and other objectives can be written to include precise numerical goals. Then they can be combined into a short list that together covers the bulk of the performance to be incented:

Performance Goal Examples
(not specific)


1. A calculation of income generated from the booked transactions approved by the analyst. Late charges may or may not be included in this calculation.


2. The percentage and dollars of defaults and losses from the booked transactions approved by the analyst.


3. A quality metric based on audits of approved and declined transactions. Errors and omissions.


4. An estimate of the opportunity cost associated for those transactions that were declined but could have been approved.


5. Miscellaneous: Approval ratios, booking ratios, number of credit file touches, turnaround times, workload processing efficiency, originator and borrower satisfaction levels, team collaboration scores, and underwriting cost metrics.

(These examples are from a credit perspective and are not meant to take into account all of the Human Resource (HR Department) considerations.)

We all know that the art and science of credit analysis are continuously evolving as lenders compete in changing markets. New approaches are tried, new data points and tools are put to use, new compliance mandates are implemented and new generations of analysts enter the workplace. Performance objectives should address these changes.

Well-designed credit objectives can drive better portfolio performance, improved process efficiencies, happier employees (with less turnover), and increases in enterprise value. So update your credit objectives to inspire the best efforts from each credit underwriter!

*Frequent performance feedback is generally believed to be more motivating for employees than an annual or bi-annual review schedule. The higher frequency contributes to better performance and higher morale.

Ben Carlile

Credit and Collections 102 Previous Articles





Leasing Conferences – Updated


71st Annual Convention
November 11 - 13, 2015
JW Marriott Austin
Austin, TX

More Information


2015 Western Regional Meeting
November 13-14, 2015
Doubletree by Hilton Anaheim - Orange County
Anaheim, CA

Changes have been made to the California Finance Lenders and Broker licensing requirements. If your transaction touches California in any way and you are a non-bank owned funding source or a broker, the licensing requirements apply to you. Come to the NAELB regional conference in Anaheim, CA the weekend of November 13 – 14 to find out more. A panel of industry experts will feature California Attorney Ken Greene, NAELB Legal Counsel Joseph G. Bonanno, CLFP, and longtime NAELB funding source member Steve Crane, CLFP, of BSB Leasing to guide you through the nuances and provide discussion. And if that’s not enough of a reason to attend, the NAELB is offering a special promotion for new members (must be a new member, never having been a member before).  Fifty percent of the conference registration fee will be credited towards first year dues!
If you’re a member, don’t miss this conference! If you’re not a member, why not?

Western Regional Meeting Exhibitors

360 Equipment Finance
Amerisource Funding
Ascentium Capital LLC
Banc of California, N.A.
Blue Bridge Financial LLC
Bryn Mawr Funding
BSB Leasing Inc.
Channel Partners LLC
CLFP Foundation
Dakota Financial, LLC
Financial Pacific Leasing, Inc.
Fora Financial
Funding Circle
Huntington Technology Finance
Marlin Business Services Corp.
Maxim Commercial Capital
Nations First Capital, LLC dba Go Capital
NCMIC Finance Corporation
North Mill Equipment Financing LLC
Orange Commercial Credit
Pacific Western Equipment Finance
Paradigm Equipment Finance
Pawnee Leasing Corporation
Preferred Business Solutions
Quality Leasing Co., Inc.
Quiktrak, Inc.
RapidAdvance, LLC
TEAM Funding Solutions
VFI Corporate Finance
World Business Lenders


List of Attendees
(As of Monday, Nov. 2)


(Note: NAELB is offering a special promotion for new members (must be a new member, never having been a member before). Fifty percent of the conference registration fee will be credited towards first year dues!)



EXPO NJ Super Regional
11/15/2015 to 11/16/2015

Teaneck Marriott at Glenpointe
100 Frank Burr Blvd
Teaneck, New Jersey  07666
United States

Event Schedule and Registration

Registration List

 Kim King, NEFA Sr. Association Coordinator 
 Phone: (847) 380-5053




##### Press Release ############################

The Alta Group Remarkets 3,051 Off-Lease
Domestic Containers for Key Equipment Finance

RENO, NEV – The Alta Group has completed a comprehensive remarketing program for Key Equipment Finance, resulting in the sale of 3,051 off-lease domestic dry van containers to an undisclosed buyer

Carl C. Chrappa, senior managing director of asset management for Alta, reported that used domestic containers like those involved in the program are traditionally difficult to sell due to their limited useful life. The 53-foot domestic dry van containers, manufactured in 2004, had been leased by a U.S. Class 1 railroad. Chrappa and his colleagues were able to attract and evaluate competitive bids for Key Equipment Finance by developing a detailed bid package and leveraging their knowledge of the marketplace, targeted advertising, and own database of potential buyers.

Alta worked with senior officers in asset management and remarketing at Key Equipment Finance to facilitate the sale and manage related logistics.  Logistics included managing three schedules of the containers coming off-lease in 2014 and 2015 and their return to 19 depots, storing them, and coordinating the buyer’s inspection.

Adam Warner
Past ELFA Chairman
Key Equipment Finance

“Remarketing is an important component of the full lifecycle of leased equipment, and having remarketing partners we can rely on is a priority for Key Equipment Finance,” said Adam D. Warner, president of Key Equipment Finance. “Alta’s extensive knowledge of the industry, strategic advertising efforts, and comprehensive project management led to a very successful engagement with our team.”

John C. Deane, CEO of Alta, added, “Equipment remarketing is one of the key strategic services offered by our Asset Management Practice. This is a great example of where Alta’s subject matter expertise in the equipment financing industry really made a difference for our client.”

The Alta Group Asset Management Practice provides hands-on services and consulting expertise throughout the equipment lifecycle: from inspections and appraisals to portfolio management, residual risk analysis, end-of-lease consulting and remarketing, and litigation support. Alta also draws on its extensive database of equipment sales to enhance services for clients and develop industry and vendor research studies.

For more information on Alta’s asset management services visit or contact: (US and Canada) Carl C. Chrappa, ASA, MRICS, IFA, at +1 727 796 7733,; (Europe) Ian Robertson at +41 791 530 155 ,; (Latin America) Juan Dodds at +54 911 5327 0583 (Argentina), +1 239 344 7944 (US),

About The Alta Group
The Alta Group is the leading global consultancy dedicated exclusively to the business of equipment leasing and asset finance. Since 1992, Alta has represented equipment leasing and finance companies, financial institutions, manufacturers, and service providers, offering management consulting and expertise in global market entry, vendor and captive finance, professional development, legal services, asset management, mergers and acquisitions, and application consulting. For information on the group’s services in the United States and Canada, Latin America, Europe, the Middle East and Africa, and Asia Pacific, visit

### Press Release ############################

(Leasing News provides this ad as a trade for appraisals and equipment valuations provided by Ed Castagna)



Fernando's View
By Fernando F. Croce

Engrossing drama ("Bridge of Spies") and atmospheric horror ("Crimson Peak") come to the box-office, while DVD releases include a smart and fanciful hit ("Tomorrowland"), a popular blockbuster ("Jurassic World"), and a surreal masterpiece ("Mulholland Dr.").

In Theaters:

Bridge of Spies (Walt Disney Studios): Steven Spielberg follows the Oscar-winning “Lincoln” with another engrossing and beautifully crafted look at a chapter in American history. Set in the midst of the Cold War, the fact-based story chronicles the struggles of James Donovan (another terrific performance from Tom Hanks), a New York lawyer recruited by the CIA as a negotiator in political negotiations with the Soviet Union. As the intrigue shifts to divided Berlin, Donovan comes to depend on Rudolf Abel (Mark Rylance), a captured Russian spy who will play a pivotal role in the hostage exchange between the hostile superpowers. Working from a script co-written by the Coen Brothers, Spielberg weaves a tersely paced and consistently absorbing account of human lives tangled in a volatile international scene much like our own today.

Crimson Peak (Universal Pictures): A visually talented filmmaker with a passion for the gothic, Guillermo del Toro (“Pan’s Labyrinth”) luxuriates in this very atmospheric horror picture. Mia Wasikowska stars as Edith Cushing, a young woman who finds herself living in an eerie British manor after marrying the secretive Thomas Sharpe (Tom Hiddleston). While staying clear of her severe new sister-in-law Lucille (Jessica Chastain), Edith learns that she can communicate with spirits—a gift that puts her at odds with the Sharpe family, who are determined to maintain the mysteries of the mansion safe from outsiders. With a story that somewhat suggests Hitchcock’s “Rebecca” and is full of nods to other supernatural classics, Del Toro’s sumptuous haunted-house movie offers endless marvels for audiences looking for operatic horror.

Netflix Tip: One of classic Hollywood's most enduring redheads, Maureen O'Hara (1920-2015) was a beloved screen icon for decades. In memory of this great talent, check out some of her greatest roles on Netflix: "The Hunchback of Notre Dame" (1939), "How Green Was My Valley" (1941), "Miracle on 34th Street" (1947), "The Quiet Man" (1952), and "The Wings of Eagles" (1957).


Tomorrowland (Walt Disney Studios): Ace Pixar animator Brad Bird ("The Incredibles," "Ratatouille") continues his live-action blockbuster streak, following "Mission Impossible: Ghost Protocol" with this ambitious fantasy set in the future. George Clooney stars as Frank Walker, a former inventor whose boyish curiosity has with time yielded to jaded exile. He's gradually brought out of his shell by Casey (Britt Robertson), a young science enthusiast who stumbles onto Tomorrowland, a wondrous thrill-ride that seems to exist in strange, collective memory-world. While exploring this magical amusement park's many entrancing sections, Frank seems to finally be able to connect to his youthful dreams. But is there a price to pay for all this enchantment? Offering plenty of thoughtful, Spielbergian dazzle, Bird's fanciful film is a smart and exciting family adventure.

Jurassic World (Universal Pictures): More than two decades after Steven Spielberg introduced the world to amusement-park dinosaurs, the Jurassic doors are opened to the public once more in this special-effects blockbuster. Set in an isolated island where visitors can experience a thrill-ride full of real prehistoric beasties, the story focuses on a plan to boost attendance that inevitably goes awry. A genetically-mutated creature is to be unveiled as the park's new attraction, though the breed proves to be unpredictable and runs catastrophically amok. Can dino-trainer Owen (Chris Pratt) and operations manager Bryce Claire (Dallas Howard) contain this ferocious creation before danger infiltrates the outside world? Directed by Colin Trevorrow, the movie's exciting set-pieces should please fans of the tremendously successful franchise.

Mulholland Dr. (Criterion): After a period of divisive releases, one-of-a-kind filmmaker David Lynch ("Blue Velvet") came roaring back with this magnificently surreal tale of obsession in the margins of Hollywood. In her breakout role, Naomi Watts stars as Betty Elms, a perky aspiring actress whose arrival in Los Angeles coincides with a car crash that renders Rita (Laura Harring) amnesiac. As these two very different women cross paths and become involved with a sinister underground conspiracy, Lynch weaves a teasingly enigmatic web of intrigue... only to pull the rug from under the audience just as we think we have things figured out. By turns confounding and sensuous, humorous and spine-chilling, this unforgettable labyrinth showcases a master director at the height of his powers—one of the new millennium's greatest cinematic achievements.


Akita/Korean Jindo
Woodland Hills, California  Adopt-a-Dog

Biscuit - ID#A1592588

“My name is Biscuit and I am a neutered male, brown Akita and Korean Jindo.

“The shelter thinks I am about 3 years old.

“I have been at the shelter since Oct 25, 2015.”

For more information about this animal, call:
West Valley Animal Care and Control Center at (888) 452-7381
Ask for information about animal ID number A1592588

Shelter Hours
Monday & Holidays: Closed
Tuesday-Saturday: 8am-5pm
Sunday: 11am-5pm

Shelter Locations:

Adopt a Pet


News Briefs---

Chesswood Reports 3rd Quarter
 Pawnee & Blue Chip Cite Record Originations

House Passes Highway Bill With Export-Import Bank Renewal




--You May Have Missed It

VW diesel CPO stop-sales: What you need to know


SparkPeople--Live Healthier and Longer

The Buzz on Honey
The Good-for-You Sweetener


Football Poem

        The Autumn Wind
"The Autumn wind is a pirate
Blustering in from sea
With a rollicking song he sweeps along
Swaggering boisterously
His face is weather beaten
He wears a hooded sash
With his silver hat about his head
And a bristly black moustache
He growls as he storms the country
A villain big and bold
And the trees all shake and quiver and quake
As he robs them of their gold
The Autumn wind is a Raider
Pillaging just for fun
He'll knock you 'round and upside down
And laugh when he's conquered and won"



Sports Briefs----


Detroit Lions fire execs Lewand, Mayhew
Owner Martha Ford says fans deserve winning team


Kaepernick is the third 49ers scapegoat to go down, so who’s next?
In order, probably Chryst, Logan, Tomsula, Mangini, many scouts… then maybe Trent Baalke

49ers’ salvage plan probably far too late to matter

DeMarco Murray reminds Cowboys of lost opportunity

John Elway, Hall of Fame quarterback, has built the NFL's best defense 

Pentagon paid pro sports teams to honor military


(Leasing News provides this ad “gratis” as a means
to help support the growth of Lease Police)



California Nuts Briefs---

Don’t eat Dungeness crab,
   California health department warns

Own a piece of California history:
  Buck Estate now on the market

Receivables Management LLC
John Kenny

• End of Lease Negotiations & Enforcement 
• Third-Party Commercial Collections | ph 315-866-1167

(Leasing News provides this ad as a trade for investigative
reporting provided by John Kenny)


“Gimme that Wine”

California Allied Grape Growers Fall 2015 Newsletter

Wine Enthusiast 2015 Wine Star Award Winners

Famed Winemaker Pierre Lurton's Tasting Guide
 To Some Of The World's Best Wines

Sonoma Not All Sunshine for Vineyard Workers

Free Mobile Wine Program

Wine Prices by vintage

US/International Wine Events

Leasing News Wine & Spirits Page


This Day in American History

     1528 - Shipwrecked Spanish conquistador Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca was the first known European to set foot in what is now Texas.
    1789 - Pope Pius VI appointed Father John Carroll as the first Catholic bishop in the United States.
    1796 - The first presidential election was held in which more than one candidate declared for the Presidency.  John Adams received 71 electoral votes and was elected President, and Thomas Jefferson received 68 electoral votes and was elected Vice-President. In the elections of 1789 and 1793, George Washington was the only avowed Presidential candidate.
    1804 - The first presidential election was held in which more than one candidate declared for Vice-President. Prior to the adoption of the 12th Amendment to the constitution on September 25, 1804, the candidate for President receiving the highest number of votes became President, and the candidate receiving the second highest number became Vice-President. Thomas Jefferson and George Clinton were the candidates of the Democratic-Republican Party and Charles Cotesworth Pinckney and Rufus King the candidates of the Federalist Party.
    1832 – Joseph Smith III (d. 1914) was born in Kirtland, OH.  He was the first president of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints and the son of Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism.    
    1850 - Yerba Buena and Angel Islands in San Francisco Bay are reserved for military use.
    1854 - Birthday of conductor/composer John Phillips Sousa (d. 1932), at Washington, DC.  Remembered for stirring marches such as "The Stars and Stripes Forever," "Semper Fidelis," "El Capitan".
    1860 - Former Illinois congressman Abraham Lincoln defeated three other candidates for President, a Republican victory over the divided Democrats. Hannibal Hamlin was elected Vice-President. The electoral vote was Lincoln, 180; John C. Breckinridge, southern Democrat, 72; John Bell, Constitutional Union candidate, 39; Stephen A. Douglas, Democrat, 12. The popular vote was Lincoln 1,866,252; Douglas 1,375,157; Breckinridge, 848,781; Bell, 589,581.
    1861 - Jefferson Davis was elected to a six year term as President of the Confederate States of America.
    1861 - Birthday of James Naismith (d. 1939) at Almonte, Ontario, Canada.  Canadian physical educator, physician, chaplain, sports coach and innovator, he invented the sport of basketball in 1891, the year following his immigration to the US. He wrote the original basketball rules, founded the basketball program at the University of Kansas, and lived to see basketball adopted as an Olympic demonstration sport in 1904 and as an official event at the 1936 Summer Olympics in Berlin.  He also saw the birth of both the NIT (1938) and the NCAA’s Men’s Division I Basketball Championship (1939) The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame is named in his honor, and he was an inaugural inductee in 1959.
    1865 - CSS Shenandoah is the last Confederate combat unit to surrender after circumnavigating the globe on its cruise that sank or captured 37 vessels.
    1868 - Red Cloud, a chief of the Oglala Sioux, became the first Native American to win territorial concessions from the federal government. After years of leading successful assaults against U.S. forts in the Powder River area of Montana, Red Cloud signed a treat at Fort Laramie. The treaty provide for the abandonment of Forts Reno, Kearny, and C.F. Smith.
    1869 - The first intercollegiate football contest in the world was played at Rutgers Field, New Brunswick, NJ. Captain William Stryker Gummere ’70 of Princeton University (later Chief Justice of New Jersey) challenged Captain William James Leggett of Rutgers to a friendly game. Each team consisted of 25 men. The rules were that each goal constituted a game and that six games would decide the match, which lasted one hour. The first team to score six goals was Rutgers, while Princeton scored four.
    1885 – The US Mint at Carson City, NV was ordered closed.
    1888 - Benjamin Harrison of Indiana won the presidential election, beating incumbent Grover Cleveland on electoral votes although Cleveland led in the popular vote. Cleveland basically sat at the White House, thinking he had the election in the bag. He came back next term to take the presidency back. Levi P. Morton was elected Vice-President. The electoral vote was Harrison, 233; President Grover Cleveland, the Democratic candidate, 168. The popular vote was Harrison 5,444,337; Cleveland 5,540,050; Clinton B. Fisk, Prohibition candidate, 250,125; Alson J. Streeter, Union Labor candidate, 146,897; Robert H. Cowdrey, United Labor candidate, 2808. In congressional elections, the Republicans kept their 38-37 majority in the Senate and gained 14 seats in the House to take a 166-159 majority.
    1888 - Birthday of John George Taylor Spink (d. 1962), at St. Louis, MO. Sports publisher who inherited management of “The Sporting News” upon the death of his father in 1914. He made the weekly newspaper into the “Bible of Baseball,” a trade paper of indispensable value to all those connected with the game. Spink was a baseball insider: his publication not only reported on what had happened, but also advocated what should happen.
    1900 - President McKinley was re-elected, beating Democrat William Jennings Bryan. Theodore Roosevelt, Republican of New York, was elected Vice-President. The electoral vote was McKinley, 292; Bryan, 155. The popular vote was McKinley, 7,219,530; Bryan 6,358,071; John G. Woolley of Illinois, Prohibition candidate, 209,166; Eugene V. Debs of Indiana, Social Democratic candidate, 94,768; Wharton Barker of Pennsylvania, middle-of the road Populist, 50,232. In congressional elections, both major parties gained Senate seats from the minor parties, the Republicans taking a 55-31 majority, with four seats held by minor
parties. In the House, the Republicans led 197-151, with nine seats held by minor parties.
    1902 - Birthday of singer Juanita Hall (d. 1968), Keyport, NJ.  She is remembered for her roles in the original stage and screen versions of the Rodgers and Hammerstein musicals “South Pacific” as Bloody Mary - a role that garnered her the Tony award – and “Flower Drum Song” as Auntie Liang.  In 1950, she became the first African-American to win a Tony for Best Supporting Actress for her role in “South Pacific”.
    1903 - Philippe Bunau-Varilla, as Panama's ambassador to the United States, signed the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty. The document granted rights to the United States to build and indefinitely administer the Panama Canal Zone and its defenses. In 1999, the US returned control of the canal to Panama.
    1913 - Birthday of arranger/trumpet player Andy Gibson (d. 1961), born Albert Gibson, Zanesville, OH.,,435442,00.html?artist=

    1916 - Bandleader Ray Conniff (d. 2002) birthday, born Joseph Raymond Conniff, Attleboro, MA.
    1917 – State of New York adopted a constitutional amendment giving women the right to vote in state elections.
    1921 - Piano player Jimmy Lyon (d. 1984) Birthday, Camden, NJ.  He accompanied singer Mabel Mercer for eight years and was noted as a performer of the music of Cole Porter, Jerome Kern, Richard Rodgers and other composers for the musical theater.
    1928 - Herbert Hoover was elected President in a landslide Republican victory. Charles Curtis was elected Vice President. The electoral vote was Hoover, 444: Alfred E. Smith, Democratic candidate, 87. The popular vote was Hoover, 21,392,190; Smith, 15,016,443; Normal Thomas, Socialist candidate, 267,835; William Z. Foster, Workers’ Party candidate 48,228; Vern L. Reynolds, Prohibition candidate, 20,106; Frank E. Webb, Farmer Labor candidate, 6391. In congressional elections, the Republicans increased their majorities in both houses, leading in the Senate 56-39, with one seat going to a minor party, and controlling the House 267-167, with one seat held by a minor party.
    1928 - Jacob Schick (1877-1937) patented the first electric razor.  He started the Schick Dry Shaver, Inc. razor company.  Schick became a Canadian citizen in 1935 to avoid an investigation by the Joint Congressional Committee on Tax Evasion & Avoidance after he moved most of his wealth to a series of holding companies in the Bahamas.
    1929 - Pianist Francy (Francois) Boland (d.  2005) birthday, Namur, Belgium.  Moving to the US, he began arranging for Basie, Goodman, Herman, and Gillespie and set up an octet with drummer Kenny Clarke before returning to Europe and becoming Kurt Edelhagen’s chief arranger.

    1931 – Director Mike Nichols (d. 2014) was born in Germany.  He directed the 1967 classic “The Graduate” as well as the adaptation of Joseph Heller’s novel “Catch-22”. He also directed the mini-series “Angels in America” and the films “The Birdcage” and “Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?”  His third cousin twice removed is Albert Einstein.
    1934 - The first professional football game in which 10 touchdowns were scored took place at Temple Stadium, Philadelphia, PA, when the Philadelphia Eagles defeated the Cincinnati Reds 64-0. Three touchdowns each were made by Homer “Swede” Hanson and Joseph Carter and one each by Edward Matesic, Edward Storm, Marvin Ellstrom, and Roger “Red” Kirkman.
    1935 - Benny Goodman begins engagement at Congress Hotel, Chicago. Original one-month contract extended six months, ending May 23, 1936.
    1935 - Edwin H. Armstrong (1890-1954) announced his development of FM broadcasting. He has been called "the most prolific and influential inventor in radio history".  He invented the regenerative circuit while he was an undergraduate and patented it in 1914, followed by the super-regenerative circuit in 1922, and the superheterodyne receiver in 1918.
    1936 - Woody Herman’s new band first records, Decca.
    1938 – The DiMaggio brothers – Vince, Joe and Dom - played together for the first time, at a charity all-star baseball game.
    1945 - Ensign Jake C. West in an FR-1 Fireball on the escort aircraft carrier “Wake Island” off San Diego, CA, made the first jet-propelled landing on an aircraft carrier. The Fireball, a Ryan-built Navy fighter plane, was powered by both turbojet and a conventional reciprocating engine, and normally used its reciprocating power plant for takeoff and landing, switching over to the jet as either an exclusive or a supplementary propulsive force once it was in the air. As West was landing, the reciprocating engine power failed, and he landed using jet power.
    1945 - Top Hits
“Till the End of Time” - Perry Como
“I’ll Buy that Dream” - The Pied Pipers
“That’s for Me” - Dick Haymes
“With Tears in My Eyes” - Wesley Tuttle
    1947 - “Meet the Press” premiers on TV. "Meet the Press" holds the distinction of being the oldest program on TV. The show has changed its format little since it began: a well-known guest (usually a politician) is questioned on current, relevant issues by a panel of journalists. The moderators throughout the years have included Martha Rountree, Lawrence E. Spivak, Ned Brooks, Bill Monroe, Marvin Kalb, Chris Wallace, Garrick Utley, Tim Russert, Tom Brokaw, David Gregory, and currently, Chuck Todd.
    1948 - Glenn Frey of the Eagles was born in Detroit. Frey plays guitar, piano and keyboards and sang lead vocals on many Eagles hits such as "Take It Easy", "Peaceful Easy Feeling", "Tequila Sunrise", "Already Gone", "Lyin’ Eyes", "New Kid in Town", and "Heartache Tonight". He has two solo hits that reach No. 2 on Billboard's Hot 100: "The Heat Is On" and "You Belong to the City."
    1948 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Buttons and Bows," Dinah Shore.
    1949 - Trumpet player Arturo Sandoval born Havana, Cuba
    1950 - *REEM, ROBERT DALE, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Second Lieutenant, U.S. Marine Corps, Company H, 3d Battalion, 7th Marines, 1st Marine Division (Rein.). Place and date: Vicinity Chinhung-ni, Korea, 6 November 1950. Entered service at: Elizabethtown, Pa. Born: 20 October 1925, Lancaster, Pa. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as a platoon commander in Company H, in action against enemy aggressor forces. Grimly determined to dislodge a group of heavy enemy infantry units occupying well-concealed and strongly fortified positions on commanding ground overlooking unprotected terrain, 2d Lt. Reem moved slowly forward up the side of the ridge with his platoon in the face of a veritable hail of shattering hostile machine gun, grenade, and rifle fire. Three times repulsed by a resolute enemy force in achieving his objective, and pinned down by the continuing fury of hostile fire, he rallied and regrouped the heroic men in his depleted and disorganized platoon in preparation for a fourth attack. Issuing last-minute orders to his noncommissioned officers when an enemy grenade landed in a depression of the rocky ground in which the group was standing, 2d Lt. Reem unhesitatingly chose to sacrifice himself and, springing upon the deadly missile, absorbed the full impact of the explosion in his body, thus protecting others from serious injury and possible death. Stouthearted and indomitable, he readily yielded his own chance of survival that his subordinate leaders might live to carry on the fight against a fanatic enemy. His superb courage, cool decisiveness, and valiant spirit of self-sacrifice in the face of certain death reflect the highest credit upon 2d Lt. Reem and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
    1951 - Record snowfalls from the Texas panhandle to the Lower Great Lakes left record totals of 12.5 inches at Saint Louis, MO, and 14.1 inches at Springfield, MO. Other heavier snowfall totals included 20 inches at Nevada, MO, 13.5 inches at Sedan, KS, 13 inches at Decatur, IL, and 10 inches at Alva, OK. In the Saint Louis area, up to 20 inches was reported in Washington County.
    1953 - Top Hits
“Vaya Con Dios” - Les Paul & Mary Ford
“You, You, You” - The Ames Brothers
“Ebb Tide” - The Frank Chacksfield Orchestra
“I Forgot More Than You’ll Ever Know” - The Davis Sisters
    1953 - An intense east coast storm dumped 27 inches of snow in the Pennsylvania mountains, 11 inches in Harrisburg, 8 inches in Philadelphia, 4 inches in Washington, D.C. and 3 at Richmond, VA. Winds gusted to 98 mph at Block Island, RI.
    1955 - Maria Owings Shriver birthday, Chicago, IL.  Broadcast journalist ("Today"), former wife of former Governor of California, Arnold Schwarzenegger, Kennedy niece as she is the daughter of R. Sargent Shriver who married one of the Kennedy sisters.
    1956 - President Eisenhower was re-elected, beating Democrat Adlai E. Stevenson in a landslide. Eisenhower was the first Republican president to win reelection since William McKinley in 1900. Although Eisenhower carried 41 states, the Democrats retained control of both houses of Congress. The electoral vote was 457-74. The popular vote was Eisenhower, 35,387,015: Stevenson, 25,875,408. In congressional elections, the Democrats gained one Senate seat for a 49-47 majority. In the House, they gained one seat for a 233-200 majority.
    1956 - Allied forces took control of the Suez Canal with British and French parachute troops holding the Mediterranean key to the Suez Canal at Port Said.
    1959 - James Darren launched a second career as a singer when "Goodbye Cruel World" entered the Billboard chart, where it would reach #3.
    1961 - Strong Santa Ana winds fanned the flames of the Bel Air/Brentwood fires in southern California, destroying many homes. Burbank reported a relative humidity of three percent.
    1961 - Top Hits
“Big Bad John” - Jimmy Dean
“Fool #1” - Brenda Lee
“This Time” - Troy Shondell
“Walk on By” - Leroy Van Dyke
    1961 - Jimmy Dean's "Big, Bad John" becomes the 100th US number one single of the Rock and Roll era. It would prove to be his only chart topper, although he would have another top ten record with "P.T. 109" the next year. Jimmy wrote the song in an hour and a half, while flying to Nashville for a recording session.
    1962 - The first President with a brother in the Senate was John Fitzgerald Kennedy, whose brother Edward Moore Kennedy was elected to fill his unexpired term as senator from Massachusetts after he was elected President. 
    1965 - The Animals' "It's My Life" is released.
    1965 - Bill Graham, who will become one of rock's most powerful entrepreneurs, produces his first rock concert at the Fillmore Auditorium in San Francisco. The show features the Grateful Dead, Jefferson Airplane and the Charlatans.
    1965 - Cuba and the United States agree to start an airlift for Cubans who wish to live in the United States.
    1967 - “The Phil Donahue Show” premiered on TV. The forerunner of Oprah, Jerry, Montel, etc., this first talk show with audience participation went on the air at Dayton, OH. The first guest interviewed by host Phil Donahue was atheist Madelyn Murray O’Hair. In 1980, the program went national: it moved to Chicago in 1974 and to New York in 1985. In later years the program was titled, “Donahue.” After winning 19 Emmys Awards, the show left daytime TV in 1996. In 2002, he returned to the airways, but in the age of “realism” and “survival,” and loyal followings for other popular talk shows, the show flopped. His fans had moved on.
    1968 - Richard Nixon was elected 37th President, defeating Hubert Humphrey.  The Democrats went through a grueling primary campaign. Eugene McCarthy, an early opponent of the war in Vietnam, almost upset President Johnson in the New Hampshire primary. This convinced Johnson not to run for re-election. At that point, Vice President Humphrey announced his candidacy for the nomination. A primary battle followed, with Robert Kennedy pulling into the lead until his assassination, and Humphrey was able to sew up the nomination. He was nominated on the first ballot at a tumultuous convention in Chicago. The rioting and the police actions outside the convention hall dominated the news coverage and did not get the Humphrey campaign off to a good start. Nixon began the campaign as the front runner, with a clear lead. He campaigned against rising crime and claimed he would restore "law and order". Nixon also instituted the Southern policy, taking advantage of Southern voters’ resentments at civil rights legislation passed by the Johnson administration.  It successful received support from what had been a solidly democratic south. Toward the end of the campaign as Humphrey became more critical of Johnson's handling of the war, the lead narrowed. It did not narrow enough to stop a Nixon victory however.
    1968 - First day of San Francisco State College strike.  In 1968–69, there was a bitter student and Black Panthers strike at San Francisco State University in order to establish an ethnic studies program. It was a major news event at the time and chapter in the radical history of the US and the Bay Area. The strike was led by the Third World Liberation Front supported by Students for a Democratic Society, the Black Panthers and the countercultural community.  It proposed fifteen "non-negotiable demands", including a Black Studies department chaired by sociologist Nathan Hale independent of the university administration and open admission to all black students to "put an end to racism", and the unconditional, immediate end to the Vietnam War and the university's involvement. It was threatened that if these demands were not immediately and completely satisfied, the entire campus was to be forcibly shut down.  SFSU President S. I. Hayakawa became popular with conservative voters in this period after he pulled the wires out from the loud speakers on a protesters' van at an outdoor rally.  Hayakawa relented on December 6, 1968, and created the first-in-the-nation College of Ethnic Studies.
    1968 – Jerry Yang was born in Taipei, Taiwan.  The Co-Founder and CEO of Yahoo!  He and David Filo created in it 1994 while he was studying at Stanford University.  The original name was "Jerry's Guide to the World Wide Web", later renamed Yahoo!. Yahoo is still one of the top 3 visited sites in the world according to traffic figures and has been the subject of takeover bids from Microsoft.
    1969 - Top Hits
“Suspicious Minds” - Elvis Presley
“Wedding Bell Blues” - The 5th Dimension
“Baby It’s You” - Smith
“The Ways to Love a Man” - Tammy Wynette
    1969 – Denny McLain of the Detroit Tigers and Mike Cuellar of the Baltimore Orioles finished dead even for the AL Cy Young Award and share the title. McLain posted a record 24-9 record with 181 strikeouts and a 2.80 ERA, while Cuellar was 23-11, 182, 2.38.
    1972 - Deep Purple's "Machine Head" LP goes gold.
    1973 - Coleman Young elected mayor of Detroit, becoming one of the first of two Black mayors of city with over a million citizens.
    1973 - Thomas Bradley elected mayor of Los Angeles at a time when Blacks represented only 15% of the LA electorate, becoming one of the first two Black mayors of city with over a million citizens.

    1974 – Mike Marshall of the Dodgers became the first reliever to win a Cy Young Award, taking honors for the National League.  Marshall set Major League records with 106 appearances and 208 innings pitched in these days before the concept of closer.  By comparison, there are many starters today that do not pitch 200 innings.
    1975 - “Good Morning, America” premiered on TV. This ABC morning program, set in a living room, is a mixture of news reports, features and interviews with newsmakers and people of interest. It was the first program to compete with NBC's "Today" show and initially aired as "A.M. America." Hosts have included David Hartman, Nancy Dussault, Sandy Hill, Charles Gibson, Joan Lunden, Lisa McRee, Kevin Newman and Diane Sawyer.
    1976 – Pat Tillman (d. 2004) was born in Fremont, CA.  He left a 4-year NFL career to join the Army Rangers, leaving behind a nearly $4 million contract with the Arizona Cardinals.  He served several tours in combat before he died in the mountains of Afghanistan. At first, the Army reported that Tillman had been killed by enemy fire. Controversy ensued when a month later, on May 28, 2004, the Pentagon notified the Tillman family that he had died as a result of friendly fire; the family and other critics allege that the Defense Department delayed the disclosure for weeks after Tillman's memorial service out of a desire to protect the image of the U.S. armed forces.  Tillman was the first professional football player to be killed in combat since Bob Kalsu, who died in the Vietnam War in 1970. Tillman was posthumously awarded the Silver Star and Purple Heart medals.
    1977 - Top Hits
“You Light Up My Life” - Debby Boone
“Nobody Does It Better” - Carly Simon
“Boogie Nights” - Heatwave
“I’m Just a Country Boy” - Don Williams
    1980 - The Chinese government praised President-elect Ronald Reagan, calling him “moderate” and “pragmatic”. China was also pleased with the fact that Ronald Reagan wants to be superior in military strength to the Soviet Union. The People’s Republic of China also was happy that Reagan was pushing for a more powerful international image. At the same time, Reagan was recognized by this country for a stronger economy at home.
    1980 - After the death of drummer John Bonham, the remaining members of Led Zeppelin meet on the island of Jersey in the Channel Islands, along with manager Peter Grant, to decide what to do next. All four men agree the band would simply not be the same without Bonham, and decide to split up.   
    1982 - The Oscar-winning song from the movie “An Officer and a Gentleman”, "Up Where We Belong" by Joe Cocker and Jennifer Warnes, lead the US hit parade. Although their contrasting styles complimented each other perfectly, the singers had never met each other until the day they recorded the song.
    1984 - Madeline M. Kunin, by a margin of 4,000 votes is elected governor of Vermont. Arlene Violet, a former Roman Catholic nun, becomes the first woman to be elected Attorney General of Rhode Island.

    1984 - President Ronald Reagan was re-elected. President Reagan faced no opposition to his re-nomination as the Republican nomination for President. Senator Walter Mondale, Jimmy Carter's Vice President was the front runner throughout the election campaign. His most serious opposition was Senator Gary Hart of Colorado, who ran on a theme of new ideas. A photograph with the married man on a boat named “Monkey Business” with Donna Rice threw him out of the race. On the personal level, Reagan won his debates with Mondale by using humor to successfully parry one of Mondale criticisms- that he was too old, by stating during the debate that he would not use age as issue- he would not criticize Mondale's youth and inexperience. Reagan won the election with an 18 point margin.
    1985 - Top Hits
“Part-Time Lover” - Stevie Wonder
“Miami Vice Theme” - Jan Hammer
“Head over Heels” - Tears For Fears
“Some Fools Never Learn” - Steve Wariner
    1986 - For the fall 1988 season, WOR-TV in Secaucus, New Jersey paid $182,000 per episode of "The Cosby Show". The price was a record for a syndicated show, beating previous marks of $80,000 per show for "Cheers".
    1986 - Seattle wide receiver Steve Largent catches a pass in his 128th straight game, breaking the NFL record for most consecutive games with a reception.
    1986 - Former Navy radioman John A. Walker Jr., was sentenced in Baltimore to life imprisonment. Walker had admitted to being the head of a family spy ring.
    1986 - U.S. intelligence sources confirmed a story run by the Lebanese magazine Ash Shiraa that reported the U.S. had been secretly selling arms to Iran in an effort to secure the release of seven American hostages.
    1987 - High winds in the northeastern U.S., turning a recent warm spell into a distant memory, gusted to 63 mph at Rhode Island. Squalls resulting from the high winds produced five inches of snow at Marquette, MI and seven inches at Rome, NY. A storm in the southwestern U.S. brought heavy snow to some of the higher elevations of Arizona, Colorado and Utah.
    1988 - A powerful storm in the northern Great Lakes drops 2 feet of snow along the shore of Lake Superior and 3 feet in the Porcupine Mountains of Upper Michigan. Marquette established a November record with 17.3 inches in 24 hours.
    1989 - Unseasonably warm weather prevailed in the south central and southeastern U.S. Nine cities from Florida to Oklahoma and Texas reported record high temperatures for the date as readings warmed into the 80s. The high of 89 degrees at the Dallas/Fort Worth Airport in Texas equaled their record for November.
    1989 - In the hopes of freeing US hostages held in Iran, the US announced that it would unfreeze $567 million in Iranian assets that had been held since 1979.
    1993 - Meat Loaf had the number one song in the US with "I'd Do Anything for Love (But I Won't Do That)". It was the first we'd heard from him since his giant hit album, "Bat Out Of Hell" in 1977.
    1995 - Art Modell (1925-2012), the owner of the Cleveland Browns, announced plans to move the team to Baltimore.  He purchased the Browns in 1961 for $4 million, investing $250,000 of his own money.  Unlike the Browns' previous owners, Modell immediately took an active role in the management of the team, and fired legendary coach Paul Brown on January 9, 1963.  By the 1990s, Modell was disturbed at what he saw as the financial distress of the Browns and the Stadium Corp.  The City of Cleveland’s litigation and failure to build a new stadium, as they did for the baseball Indians, motivated Modell to look elsewhere, finding Baltimore in the process.  Recall that Baltimore lost its beloved Colts in the middle of the night when new owner Robert Irsay took them to Indianapolis.  The Browns became the Baltimore Ravens for the 1996 season.  Modell's ownership of the Ravens resulted in continual financial hardships, and the NFL stepped in and directed Modell to sell his franchise. In 2003, Modell sold the Ravens to minority owner, Maryland businessman Steve Bisciotti, still the owner.
    1996 – Michael Jordan scored 50 points in a game for the 29th time in his career.
    2002 - Citing Dusty Baker's reluctance to stay with the organization, an unhappy general manager Brian Sabean announces the Giant skipper of the last 10 years will not be back to manage in San Francisco next season. The NL pennant-winning skipper joins the Chicago Cubs, but after a losing season in 2006, is also let go.  Baker went on to manage the Cincinnati Reds (2008-13) and has been hired to manage the Washington Nationals beginning in 2016.
    2002 - New U.S.-Iraq resolutions were made. Concern arose about whether or not new negotiations between these two countries would upset Saddam Hussein, which would lead to war.
    2005 - A powerful F3 tornado struck Evansville, IN, taking the lives of 25 people and making it one of the deadliest single tornadoes on record. The tornado stayed on the ground for 41 miles and in places was as wide as 400 yards, causing extensive damage to parts of Evansville, Newburgh, and Boonville.
    2005 - The Four Seasons musical Jersey Boys” opens on Broadway to rave reviews.  With music by Bob Gaudio, lyrics by Bob Crewe, and the book by Marshall Brickman and Rick Elice, “Jersey Boys” won four 2006 Tony Awards including Best Musical, and the 2009 Laurence Olivier Award for Best New Musical.  The film adaptation in 2014 was produced and directed by Clint Eastwood.



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