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Leasing News is a website that posts information, news, and
entertainment for the commercial alternate financing,
bank, finance and leasing industries

Wednesday, October 2, 2019

Today's Leasing News Headlines

Credit-Risk Management
   Seeks Position
Leasing News Top Stories
   September 25 - September 27
August, 2019, The List
    The Good, the Bad and the Ugly
Leasing Industry Ads---Help Wanted
   Senior Leasing/Finance Originator
The Purpose of Working with a Recruiter
   By Emily Fitzpatrick/RII
Does a Strong Market Create Complacency?
  Developing Strong Leaders for the
   Commercial Equipment Finance and Leasing Industry
California Posts Country’s Biggest Q2 Credit Card
    Debt Increase plus Fed Rate Cut Survey –
Medical Practice Closing Doors Permanently After Ransomware
   Destroys Patient Records and Backups
North Mill Posts Record Originations for
    the 3rd Quarter, 2019
ELFA Has Selected Lori Frasier to Receive the 2019
   Michael J. Fleming Distinguished Service Award
Labrador Retriever
   Lombard, Illinois  Adopt-a-Dog
What's New at the 2019 ELFA Convention?
  Video ELFA Chairman Jud Snyder/Pres. & CEO Ralph Petta
News Briefs---
US Factory Gauge Sinks to 10-Year Low
     as Employment Wobbles
Global Trade Deteriorating Fast, Sapping the World’s Economy
  WTO Slashed its forecast for trade growth for this year & next
Boeing 737 MAX came without safeguards
    used in military jet
Forever 21 just filed for bankruptcy — the husband and wife
  duo have lost nearly $4 B from their personal net worth since 2015
Retailers Closing the Most Stores
  18 in this Count Total 12,000
Sears vendors press judge for liquidation
 to keep its dwindling assets from high-paid lawyers & bankers
UAW has said the shift from gas to electric engines could lead
  to a loss of 35,000 jobs over the next few years

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

 You May have Missed---
  Sports Brief----
   California Nuts Brief---
     "Gimme that Wine"
     This Day in History
       Daily Puzzle
         Weather, USA or specific area
          Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified. The source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.

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Credit-Risk Management
Seeks Position

Each Week Leasing News is pleased, as a service to its readership, to offer completely free ads placed by candidates for jobs in the industry.  Each ad is limited to (100) words and ads repeat for up to 6 months unless the candidate tells us to stop. Your submissions should be received here by the end of each week.

Credit/Risk Management

Greater New York Area based Credit, Collections and Portfolio Risk Manager with expertise in equipment and vehicle leasing and finance seeks position in underwriting/ portfolio management. Remote is ok, compensation is negotiable. email:      Resume


Ralph Mango

Editor/writer of diverse business content: business plans, policy/process, and training. GM delivers results above plan.

Associate Editor Leasing News, responsible for proofreading and editing each news edition, as well as contributing content.

Available for Projects


Leasing News Top Stories
September 25 - September 27

(Stories most opened by readers)

(1) Top Six Leasing/Finance Company Websites
          in North America#

(2) New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
         and Related Industries

(3) AACFB Reports Record Attendance at 251
           56 More than Last Year

(4) The Countries with the Most Ultra Rich People - Chart
           By Martin Armstrong, Statista

(5) SLIM Capital Reviews Some Deals
            Shows Broker Deals Accomplished

(6) Nine New CLFP’s Bring Total to 791 Members
     List of New Members with Photos, Company Affiliations

(7) The world's second largest IPO this year
     is coming from a beer company

(8) CLFP Companies with Two or More Members

(9) Used Truck Prices Fell 1% Y/Y and Sales Dropped 19%
       U.S. Trailer Net Orders Down 72% Y/Y and 51% YTD

(10) CLFP Academy Classes for Lease & Finance Professionals
   Attendance Update: 4 Classes Scheduled plus “Mentor Program”



August, 2019, The List
The Good, the Bad and the Ugly


First Midwest Bank, Chicago, Ill. (08/19) a relationship-focused financial institution, expanding In Milwaukee Announces Acquisition of Park Bank

Leasing News, Saratoga, California (08/19) Correction, 2019 End of July Leasing/Finance Association Membership by Christopher Menkin  (08/19) Types of Leases being used on the Street

Umpqua Bank, Portland, Oregon (08/19) Forms Fixed Income Group to Support
Liquidity Needs of Large Companies and Institutions

Lease Police, Dallas, Texas (08/19) Will Your Company be the Next Victim?  A Disturbing New Trend in Fraud by Bernie Boettigheimer, CLFP
(08/19) Lease Police Changes Web Address

Equipment Leasing and Finance Association, Washington, D.C (08/19) U.S. Business Borrowing for Equipment Was Up 15% in July from Year Earlier, Brooklyn, New York (08/19) Top Small Business Funders by Revenue

Madison Capital, Owings Mill, Maryland   (08/19) Offers Numerous Resources You May Not Know We Offer

Marlin Business Services Corp., Mount Laurel, Pennsylvania (08/19) Highlights Marlin Business Services Corp
Earnings Call Transcript (MRLN) Q2 2019 Results

Chesswood, Toronto, Canada (08/29) Chesswood Announces 2nd Quarter/Six Months Results Continued Growth and Build-Out at Tandem Finance
Amur Finance Company, Inc., Grand Island, Nebraska  (08/19)   Amur Equipment Finance Completes Seventh Securitization
$269.4 Million notes issuance
North Mill Equipment Finance, Norwalk, CT (08/19) Attains All-Time High in Originations for July



Help Wanted


The Purpose of Working with a Recruiter

By Emily Fitzpatrick/RII

Think as a recruiter, also often called a headhunter, as an alliance in the field.  Recruiters are typically paid by companies to help them fill positions and as such, many are loyal to the companies they service.

Our thinking at RII is that the recruiter should be just as loyal to the Candidates they work with.  A recruiter should understand your career objectives and goals – making sure (though there are never any guarantees) that your next employer is one that you will be with for years to come.

In response to your question, Recruiters can assist you in many ways including:  presenting opportunities that you might otherwise not know about, staying abreast of market trends and keeping “ears” open for opportunities that would fit your needs and background, walking you through the interview process, working with you and the company in salary negotiations and most importantly making sure there is a good long-term fit for both parties.

Emily Fitzpatrick
Sr. Recruiter
Recruiters International, Inc.
Phone:  954-885-9241
Cell:  954-612-0567
Invite me to connect on LinkedIn
Also follow us on Twitter #RIIINFO

Career Crossroads Previous Columns


Does a Strong Market Create Complacency?
By Scott Wheeler, CLFP

Developing Strong Leaders for the
Commercial Equipment Finance and Leasing Industry

My daily interactions with professionals in the commercial equipment leasing and finance industry confirm that the industry is doing well. Portfolios continue to grow and asset performance is strong. Recent surveys of industry participants indicate that production and personal incomes continue to rise. Participants throughout the industry are thriving. However, there are concerns:

  • Is the organization doing well because of the general market? Or because the organization is building a superior team?
  • Is the organization prepared for even a slight bump in the economy? Is the organization sustainable over the long term?
  • Is the current production really superior? Or are peers outperforming the organization?
  • Is the organization building a quality portfolio based upon current conditions, or more normal historical outcomes? Is the organization being paid for the risk it is assuming?
  • Is the organization capable of developing superior talent or is its team average and just "good enough" in today's environment?

Whether I am helping a management team create a strategic business plan or coaching an individual originator, the above questions continue to be raised on an organizational and personal basis.

Many clients are attacking these concerns head-on. Management teams are developing long-term plans for 2025. Professionals are thinking boldly about how individual activities can enhance their value. Savvy professionals understand that they must capitalize on the current opportunities in order to prepare for the future; an

Whether I am helping a management team create a strategic business plan or coaching an individual originator, the above questions continue to be raised on an organizational and personal basis.

Many clients are attacking these concerns head-on. Management teams are developing long-term plans for 2025. Professionals are thinking boldly about how individual activities can enhance their value. Savvy professionals understand that they must capitalize on the current opportunities in order to prepare for the future; and that knowledge is power in all economies.

A Case in Point: I have worked with many groups of originators in 2019. Many are above-average producers for their company and have incomes well into the six figures. Many are in the small-ticket arena with the vast majority of their transactions adjudicated through an application-only platform (up to several hundred thousand dollars). Many of these originators avoid transactions that require full-disclosure adjudication. During group discussion sessions it is quickly revealed that one of the reasons that many of these top producers avoid full-disclosure transactions is that they have little or no understanding of financial statement analysis. Business has been so strong during the last few years that even veterans in the industry have flourished without a financial analysis foundation. Many of these originators, even with 5 to 7 years' experience, have created long-lasting, self-imposed limitations. Long-term sustainable success requires the ability to work transactions requiring full financial disclosure. The best relationships are built with a thorough understanding of each client's financial condition; and the willingness to provide meaningful solutions based upon an accurate understanding of each client's financial needs.

Although I am an advocate of strong application-only programs, the expanded capabilities of these programs have created  complacency for some organizations and professionals. The strongest participants have taken the time and energy to fully understand the risk and rewards associated with the commercial equipment leasing and finance industry. Ignorance is never bliss. Knowledge is power. Fully understanding every aspect of the business is the means to sustainability.

Order via Amazon:  

Scott A. Wheeler, CLFP
Wheeler Business Consulting
1314 Marquis Ct.
Fallston, Maryland 21047
Phone: 410 877 0428
Fax: 410 877 8161

Wheeler Business Consulting works with management teams to further develop their human capital, to identify and strengthen weak links within the organization, and to improve overall efficiencies. Wheeler Business Consulting works with banks, independents, captives, origination companies, and investors in the equipment leasing and finance arena. We provide training, strategic planning, and acquisition services. Scott Wheeler is available to discuss your long-term strategy, to assist your staff to maximize outcomes, and to better position your organization in the market.


California Posts Country’s Biggest Q2 Credit Card Debt Increase
Plus Fed Rate Cut Survey –

The personal-finance website WalletHub today released two key reports. Its latest Credit Card Debt Study found that consumers racked up $35.6 billion in credit card debt during Q2 2019 – an all-time record for the second quarter of the year. California is responsible for roughly $4.4 billion of that increase.
Plus, the Fed Rate Cut Survey revealed that a Federal Reserve interest rate cut on Sept. 18, which 7 in 10 people support, would save people with credit card debt $1.6 billion in the next year alone. Residents of California can expect to save around $197.8 million.
Below, you can find a handful of highlights from these reports.

  • California Debt: The average household in California owes $10,175 in credit card debt, following a $341 Q2 increase.
  • Record Debt Nationally: U.S. consumers added $35.6 billion in new credit card debt during the second quarter of 2019 – the largest second-quarter build-up ever. WalletHub projects that consumers will end the year with a net increase of $70 billion in credit card debt.
  • High Interest Rates: 68% of Americans say the interest rates on their loans are too high.
  • Consumer Savings: Credit card users will save roughly $1.6 billion in interest if the Fed cuts its target rate again. The average household currently owes $8,602.
  • Mixed Consumer Sentiment: 41% of people say they will feel more confident in the economy if the Fed cuts its target rate in September. 

States with the Biggest Q2 Debt Increases

States with the Smallest Q2 Debt Increases




South Dakota


North Dakota

New York





Medical Practice Closing Doors Permanently After Ransomware
Destroys Patient Records and Backups

Wood Ranch Medical, a small medical provider located in Simi Valley, CA, is closing after a ransomware attack. A statement explaining the incident and announcing the closure is all that is left on the firm's website. The practice will close on December 17, 2019.

Very little information about the attack is provided in the statement on the website. It says the firm "was the victim of a ransomware attack that resulted in its patients' personal healthcare information being encrypted." There is no indication of the ransomware type, nor the value of any ransom demanded. There is no indication that the incident was reported to the FBI, nor whether any third-party security experts were employed to investigate the incident.

The attack occurred on August 10, 2019 while the notification statement is dated September 18, 2019. In the intervening weeks it can be assumed that the firm tried and failed to recover its patients' healthcare records. "The attack encrypted our servers, containing your electronic health records as well as our backup hard drives," says the firm.

With access to neither the original records nor the backups, the firm has written to its 5,835 patients to explain the situation. It believes it was a straightforward financially motivated attack with the attackers solely after the ransom payment. The statement does not indicate the demanded amount, whether they considered payment, nor why they declined.

The official law enforcement recommendation is to never pay, with warnings that decryption might not be provided while the ransom payment helps to fuel future attacks against other organizations.
"We believe it is likely the attacker only wanted money and not the information on our computers," says the statement. "While we have no reason to believe that anyone's healthcare information was taken, the encrypted system contained electronic healthcare records which included patients' names, addresses, dates of birth, medical insurance and related health information."

Nevertheless, the statement includes information on how to contact Equifax, Experian and TransUnion for information on credit reports, and adds, "You may consider placing a fraud alert on your credit report." With so little information on recovery attempts, it may be wise for patients to assume that their data has been compromised, and to act accordingly.

There are several takeaways from this incident. First, healthcare -- and even small healthcare firms -- remain a target for ransomware attackers. In April 2019, the Brookside ENT and Hearing Center in Battle Creek similarly closed after a ransomware attack had demanded a payment of $6.500 which was not paid. Also in April 2019, Kent, WA-based People’s Injury Network Northwest (PINN), an industrial injury rehabilitation service, was infected with ransomware. In this case, recovery from backups was possible, and a forensics firm was employed.

In July 2019, Berry Family Services, a Rowlett, Texas, provider of services to the disabled and their families, was infected. In this case the victim decided to pay the ransom, and by early September was able to report that it had restored its systems.

Second, in addition to anti-ransomware technology, all firms should ensure air-gapped backups. The old 1-2-3 recommendation remains useful: one copy of data online for use; one copy of backup onsite for problems; and one copy off-line and preferably off-site for serious emergencies like ransomware.

Third, the serious nature of a major cybersecurity breach -- such as ransomware -- should never be underestimated. Data is the life of all firms, and especially small healthcare providers. Firms should understand that without adequate mitigation and response plans, the continued existence of the firm is at risk if all data is lost, even if it is only temporarily lost. Where companies are concerned about their ability to prevent ransomware, pay a ransom, or recover from ransomware, they should consider cyber insurance -- which already has a growing expertise in such cover.

Source: SecurityWeek.Com



#### Press Release #############################

North Mill Posts Record Originations for
the 3rd Quarter, 2019

SOUTH NORWALK, CT – North Mill Equipment Finance LLC (“North Mill”), a leading independent commercial equipment lessor located in South Norwalk, Connecticut, announced today record originations for the 3rd Quarter of 2019.  The best quarter in North Mill’s history, the company exceeded $43 million in funded volume representing a growth rate in excess of 30% from the prior quarter. 

David Lee, Chairman and CEO of North Mill, reported, “We could not be happier with our continued growth, while diversifying our mix of asset categories, improving our credit profile and maintaining our yield targets.”

Historically known primarily as a lender for sub-prime owner operator, long-haul truckers, North Mill now counts non- transportation assets as its largest asset category and heavy-duty sleeper trucks as its smallest. For the 3rd Quarter, the company’s weighted average FICO score for personal guarantors improved to 694, with over 40% of the funded volume having FICO scores over 700. 

Moreover, as a 100% broker-centric organization, North Mill continues to focus its efforts on providing its referral agents with the products, services, and technology necessary to help them grow their businesses. The company has established more relationships with new brokers in 2019 than in any year prior.

About North Mill Equipment Finance
Headquartered in Norwalk, Connecticut, North Mill Equipment Finance originates and services small-ticket equipment leases and loans, ranging from $15,000 to $300,000 in value.  A broker-centric private lender, the company handles A – C credit qualities and finances transactions for numerous asset categories including construction, transportation, vocational, manufacturing, and material handling equipment. North Mill is majority owned by an affiliate of Wafra Capital Partners, Inc. (WCP).  For more information, visit

##### Press Release ############################


##### Press Release ############################

ELFA Has Selected Lori Frasier to Receive the 2019
Michael J. Fleming Distinguished Service Award

The award honors individuals who have made significant contributions to the association and the equipment finance industry. Frasier will be formally recognized during a ceremony at the 58th Equipment Leasing and Finance Annual Convention in Washington, D.C., in October. Frasier is recognized as the driving force behind the creation and growth of the ELFA Women’s Council.
Under Frasier’s leadership, the Council has developed a number of successful initiatives to increase the engagement of women across the association. The Council launched the ELFA Women’s Leadership Forum, a popular annual event focused on leadership development for women at all stages of an equipment finance career.

At the ELFA Annual Convention, the Council has presented well-received breakout sessions on gender-balanced leadership and expanded participation in the Women’s Council Reception. In addition, the Council launched the ELFA Women4Inclusion LinkedIn group, an online network that brings industry professionals together in support of gender-balanced leadership and inclusion.

The mission of the ELFA Women’s Council is to lead the evolution of ELFA into a more accessible, inclusive organization that reflects the diversity of the membership and the markets they serve. The Council is committed to providing more access and inclusiveness to women at all stages in their equipment finance careers by focusing on awareness, advocacy, and action.

### Press Release ############################


Labrador Retriever
Lombard, Illinois  Adopt-a-Dog

Age: 10 years old
Gender: Female
Color: Black
Weight: 78 pounds
Dogs: Good
Cats: Unknown
Kids: Good
Crate: OK, settles down in a few minutes with a bribe
Energy level: Medium

Available for Adoption!

Likes: People, dogs, puppies! Smells, walks outside, treats, scratches, more treats.

Dislikes: Being away from her people and not having a forever home!

Hi, Molly here. Let me introduce myself. I am a 10-year old black Lab that was rescued by MLRR, placed with a family for 8 years and returned to MLRR recently. I’m very comfortable in a family setting and have all the positive attributes to make living with me a real treat. Really, I am quite the home lady.

I am living with 1 foster fur brother and my foster parent. It took me a few days getting comfortable with the fur brother as I was unfamiliar with other dogs in a family setting (and to be honest he’s a bit of a grumpy uncle). Now we nap on either side of the human, eat, sniff and walk together like old friends.

As an experienced Lab I understand the value of knowing my commands and being attentive to people. I am really good at learning the rules of the house and the nuances of how various people give instruction. While I’m not crazy about the "crate" I will go straight in when instructed. I walk on a leash perfectly, but heel on the right.

There is a neighbor with a 2-year old Lab puppy who we visit and I just adore. We walk and play together every chance we get. I really like meeting other dogs and kids on our walks. Squirrels and other wildlife is just not as interesting as dogs and people. One thing I don’t get - waves! We didn’t have those where I came from and well waves are just weird. My fur brother seems not to notice and just walks right into this "Lake" thing. I’m working on doing that too. Other than the waves I’m pretty unflappable. I don’t bark at the doorbell or odd noise, but I keep an eye on things.

My foster dad says I am medium energy, very calm, smart and attentive. I pretty much only bark if someone else barks. I just want to make you happy and be near you!

I am looking for someone that wants all of my attention and will give me kisses and hugs and love me forever!

Midwest Labrador Retriever Rescue, Inc
(847) 780-6577

Adoption Fee: $225




News Briefs----

US Factory Gauge Sinks to 10-Year Low
     as Employment Wobbles

Global Trade Deteriorating Fast, Sapping the World’s Economy
  WTO Slashed its forecast for trade growth for this year & next

Boeing 737 MAX came without safeguards
    used in military jet

Forever 21 just filed for bankruptcy — the husband and wife
 duo have lost nearly $4 B from their personal net worth since 2015

Retailers Closing the Most Stores
  18 in this Count Total 12,000

Sears vendors press judge for liquidation
 to keep its dwindling assets from high-paid lawyers & bankers

UAW has said the shift from gas to electric engines could lead
  to a loss of 35,000 jobs over the next few years



You May Have Missed---

AAA says California now most expensive state for gasoline
  in the US/ Over $4.00 a gallon



   by Tim Peeler

Before video parlors, PCs and
Nintendo, on our ragged bicycles
We scrambled to one house or the other—
Hefners, Peelers, then the Swansons who moved
In the neighborhood, sometimes the Coffeys
From church, or the Swansons' friends from their church -
For the really big affairs with full teams,
Baseball games with football scores. Out in the heat
Most of the day, just breaking for lunchtime—
Easy pitches and little guys taking
Big cuts, ghost runners and no catcher, weird
Rules like ground rule doubles for balls driven
Into the short cow pasture fence in left
Or how to play a pop fly that rolled off
The eight-sided parsonage roof or smacked
The huge oak trees in center field or the
Maple in right-center.
Barefoot sometimes, always in shorts only,
Crew cuts and popsicle stains on our mouths—
Before Play Station and VCRs there
Was a baseball game somewhere in dust and
Sweltering heat, a game to be played by
 Our rules only.

--- with the permission of the author, from his
book of baseball poetry:
“Waiting for Godot's First Pitch”
   More Poems from Baseball
available from Amazon or direct from the publisher at:


Sports Briefs---

Bill Belichick: Jonathan Jones' hit
   on Josh Allen is 'what we've coached'

Rice thinks Fitzgerald can pass him on receptions list

Kerr’s lengthy practice sets the tone for Warriors’ workload ahead

Oakland’s curveball: City sues county
   over plans to sell Coliseum site to the A’s 

NFL Week 5 Power Rankings: 49ers make big leap
   as just three unbeaten teams remain

NFL Week 5 picks, odds: Bills get back on track
   as Giants, Browns pull off upset wins

NCAA claims California bill allow college athletes to be paid
is ‘unconstitutional’ -The bill would take effect Jan. 1, 2023

Baseball Saw a Million More Empty Seats. Does It Matter?


California Nuts Briefs---

Nestle, Dreyer’s cutting hundreds of jobs in SF Bay Area and beyond

This Bay Area city is the best place in California
     to retire near the beach

Long locked away in storage,
   John Steinbeck's personal items up for sale



“Gimme that Wine”

Explore California’s newest AVA, the Petaluma Gap

Welcome to Santa Barbara Wine Country Cycling

The mysterious and not fully understandable wine defect
   popping up in natural wines: mouse - And it isn’t cute.

Climate change is changing the flavor of French wine

Drink this white wine to celebrate Pa. Wine Month

Free Wine App

Wine Prices by vintage

US/International Wine Events

Leasing News Wine & Spirits Page


This Day in History

     1656 – The colony of Connecticut passes a law against the Quakers.
    1696 - Birthday of Ann Smith Franklin - Colonial women printer. There were a large number of Colonial women who were printers, owners of taverns, silversmiths, artists, merchants, etc. Even though the women of that period had very few legal rights, many of them worked in commercial ventures and were the primary breadwinners of their families.
    1721 - The Boston Gazette advertised a Camel would be exhibit for sale” African camel...7 feet high and 12 feet long.”
    1780 - British intelligence officer Major John André was hanged as a spy in Tappan, New York. Captured on his return to New York City by American militiamen fighting in the War of Independence, Major André was found to have papers hidden in his boot concerning West Point. General George Washington designated a board of officers to hear the case which, after finding André guilty of spying, sentenced him to death. More disturbing news was uncovered during the process of the investigation. The papers carried by the British officer had been given to him by Brigadier General Benedict Arnold of the Continental Army, recently appointed commandant of the fort at West Point. Since May 1779, Arnold, motivated by greed, by his opposition to the French alliance of 1778, and by his resentment towards authorities who had reprimanded him for irregularities during his command in Philadelphia, had maintained a secret correspondence with Major André. On September 21, Arnold had agreed to surrender West Point to the British in exchange for 20,000 pounds. West Point, at the time, was a major fort, plus it defended the major water transportation for the area, the Hudson River.  (Lower half of: it )
    1789 – President George Washington sends the proposed Constitutional amendments, The Bill of Rights, to the States for ratification.
      1800 – Birthday of Nat Turner in Southampton County, VA, leader of major slave rebellion.

    1835 - The Texas Revolution against Mexico begins with the Battle of Gonzalez: Mexican soldiers attempt to disarm the people of Gonzalez, TX, but encounter stiff resistance from a hastily assembled militia.
      1864 - Battle of Saltville.  A Union cavalry column strikes Saltville in southwestern Virginia, but is defeated by a force patched together from several reserve units. The Confederacy's main source of salt, used as a preservative for army rations, was secured as the war entered its final phase. With nearly 8,000 soldiers, the two Union forces converged on the area; the Confederates had barely 1,000 men to stop them. Some of those were used to slow Gillem's advance, but only a few hundred men under the command of Colonel Henry Giltner were available to face Union General Burbridge. On October 1, Giltner delayed the Yankees at Clinch Mountain, but by October 2, the Yankees had reached the outskirts of Saltville. Confederate General John Williams arrived just in time with cavalry reinforcements, and Burbridge suddenly faced more than 2,500 Rebels. The determined Confederates dug in and repulsed a series of attacks. By nightfall, Burbridge's men were running low on ammunition. The Yankees withdrew during the night, and the Confederates pursued them to the Kentucky border. The glory of the victory was tarnished, however, when the Confederates massacred wounded Union soldiers from the 5th and 6th Colored Cavalry.  Irregular forces under the notorious Champ Ferguson murdered white and black Union soldiers, who had been wounded and captured. Ferguson was tried after the war in Nashville for these and other non-military killings. He was found guilty and executed.The Union suffered 329 men killed, wounded, or missing at Saltville, while the Confederates lost 190 men. It was a stunning victory for the Confederates, since they were vastly outnumbered. Winning the Battle of Saltville did little to delay the collapse of the Confederacy.  A second battle occurred two months later at Saltville. In that encounter, Union general George Stoneman defeated Confederate defenders and burned the salt works.  The Confederacy collapsed just six months later.
    1866 - J. Osterhoudt of New York City, obtained a patent for an "improved method of opening tin cans." The can had a projecting lip and a key could open it.
    1871 - Birthday of Cordell Hull (d. 1955), American statesman who served in both houses of the Congress and as Secretary of State, at Pickett County, TN. Noted for his contributions to the “Good Neighbor” policies of the US with regard to countries of the Americas and to the establishment of the United Nations. Hull was FDR’s Secretary of State on December 7, 1941, who received two representatives of Japan who delivered the declaration of war an hour after the attacks at Pearl Harbor.
    1871 - Brigham Young, Mormon leader, arrested for bigamy
    1885 - Ruth Bryan Owen Rohde’s (d. 1954) birthday, Jacksonville, IL.    A remarkable woman from Florida and U.S. statesperson.   She was a former United States Ambassador to Denmark; member of the House of Representatives from 1929-1933, and the first woman elected from the deep South.  Her accomplishments as U.S. Representative include the farsighted proposals to designate the Florida Everglades as a national park and to establish a cabinet-level department to oversee the health and welfare of families and children.  She lost her reelection in 1932 because she favored prohibition, although later she voted for its repeal because that was what her constituents wanted. Rohde was appointed U.S. Minister to Denmark in 1933 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt. She resigned from the Foreign Service (1936) to marry a second time, a Danish citizen. Her marriage to a Dane gave her dual citizenship according to Danish law and an impossible conflict as a U.S. ambassador. President Harry Truman appointed her alternate U.S. delegate (1949) to the U.N. General Assembly where she chaired the executive committee of the UN Speakers Research Committee. She received the Distinguished Service Medal from King Frederik of Denmark (1954). Rohde authored six books. Politically, she is best known, however, for the grueling 10,000 mile campaign up and down the coast of Florida in her winning campaign for the Fourth District Congressional seat in 1928.  After she won election, her opponents challenged her by claiming that she had forfeited her American citizenship under a law passed in 1907 when she married a British subject, Reginald Owen in 1910. The 1922 Cable Act, one of a series to right the wrongs of the 1907 law, enabled her to be renaturalized, but her opponents claimed it did not meet the seven year PRIOR citizenship requirement for a congressional representative. The 1907 law stripped a native-born U.S. woman of her citizenship if she married a citizen of another nation. No such outrageous actions were taken against men who married foreign women - in fact, their marriage conferred U.S. citizenship on their wives!   The House ethics committee allowed her to be seated after an emotional appeal and a LOGICAL one. She was, after all, BORN an American. Her case focused national attention on the grossly unfair laws affecting women. The law had been changed but even such people as heiress Barbara Hutton and renowned news correspondent Dorothy Thompson had lost their citizenship because of the appalling law and were unable to regain it because there was no retroactive elimination. By the way, Rohde was the eldest daughter of William Jennings Bryan, noted U.S. political figure and a candidate for the presidency. A daughter but not his clone, while serving as U.S. Representative, she astonished pundits by voting for tariffs on imports, a policy her father had vehemently opposed.
    1889 - In Colorado, Nicholas Creede strikes it rich in silver during the last great silver boom of the Old West.
    1890 - Birthday of Julius Henry Marx (d. 1977) at New York, NY.  Better known as Groucho, a great comedian, who along with his brothers, constituted the famous Marx Brothers. The Marx Brothers began as a singing group and then acted in such movies as “Duck Soup” and “Animal Crackers”. During the '40s and '50s, Groucho was the host of the television and radio show, "You Bet Your Life."
    1895 - Birthday of comedian Bud Abbott (d. 1974) at Asbury Park, NJ.  Born William Henry Abbott into a show business family as his parents were part of Ringling Bros Barnum & Bailey Circus.  At the age of 15, Abbott was drugged and shanghaied onto a ship bound for Norway, but he was eventually able to work his way back to the States.  Abbott crossed paths with Lou Costello, from Paterson, NJ, in burlesque in the early 1930s. During World War II, Abbott and Costello were among the most popular and highest-paid stars in the world. Between 1940 and 1956, they made 36 films, and earned a percentage of the profits on each. They were popular on radio throughout the 1940s, primarily on their own program which ran from 1942 until 1947 on NBC and from 1947 to 1949 on ABC. In the 1950s, they introduced their comedy to live television on “The Colgate Comedy Hour”, and launched their own half-hour series, “The Abbott and Costello Show”.  The origin of “Who’s On First?” predated Abbott & Costello but is they who made it famous and the first time they performed it is unknown.  The National Baseball Hall of Fame in Cooperstown displays an honoring plaque and a gold record.  A transcript of the "Who's On First?" sketch has been included in the museum collection since 1956 and the routine runs on an endless loop on televisions at the Hall, making Abbott and Costello among the few non-baseball players or managers to have a memorial in the Baseball Hall of Fame.  Groucho Mark has said Abbott was "the greatest straight man ever.” )
    1895 – The first cartoon appeared in a newspaper in the US.
    1898 - A hurricane struck the Georgia coast washing away Campbell Island.
    1907 – Phillies’ Eddie Grant goes 7 for 7 in a doubleheader vs the New York Giants.
    1908 - Addie Joss pitched a perfect game to stop Ed Walsh 1-0, who had won 40 in a row.  Both are in the Hall of Fame.
     1916 – Grover Cleveland Alexander throws his 16th shutout of the year.
     1919 - President Wilson suffered a stroke that left him partially paralyzed and Vice-President Thomas R. Marshall was urged to assume the presidency but he refused. It was reported Mrs. Wilson became the secret acting president.
    1925 – John L. Baird performs the first test of a working television system.
      1928 – African-American DeFord Bailey cut eight masters at Victor Records Studios in Nashville. Three songs were issued, marking the first studio recording sessions in the place now known as Music City, USA.  On December 6, 1925, DeFord won second place with his rendition of "It Ain't Gonna Rain No More" in a French harp contest on radio station WDAD. Soon after, Bailey made his first appearance on WSM Radio, after overcoming some racial opposition from the station's director. The young black performer was given the title "Harmonica Wizard." Bailey played a role in the naming of the "Grand Ole Opry." In 1926, the WSM Barn Dance followed an hour of symphonic music, and one evening its programming concluded with a selection by a young composer from Iowa reproducing the sound of a train. Bailey opened the country music program with his rendition of "Pan American Blues." The difference in the musical genres caused the director, George D. "Judge" Hay, to observe, "For the past hour we have been listening to music taken largely from grand opera; from now on we will present 'The Grand Ole Opry.'" Bailey toured with other stars of the Opry, including Roy Acuff, Uncle Dave Macon, Bill Monroe, and others. During his travels throughout the South in the 1930s, he was well received by the country music public, although racial segregation laws caused Bailey problems in hotels and restaurants. To get a hotel room, on some occasions, either he posed as a baggage boy for the white performers or pretended to be Uncle Dave Macon's valet.  In April of 1927, Bailey teamed with the black Golden Echo Quartet to make his first recordings of "Pan American Express" and "Hesitation" for Columbia Records in Atlanta. The Columbia recordings were never released. Two weeks later he recorded eight titles for Brunswick label in New York. On October 2, 1928, DeFord recorded for Victor records during a Nashville session. "Ice Water Blues/Davidson County Blues" became so popular that the Victor label released it three times.
    1928 - Birthday of child actor George “Spanky” McFarland (d. 1993) in Dennison, TX.  In January 1931, responding to a trade magazine advertisement from Hal Roach Studios requesting photographs of "cute kids," Spanky's aunt sent pictures. An invitation for a screen test soon arrived, leading to his acting career. He instantly became a key member of the “Our Gang” children's comedy movie series and one of Hollywood's stars. His scene-stealing abilities brought him more attention, and by 1935 he was the de facto leader of the gang, often paired with Carl “Alfalfa” Switzer, and always the enterprising "idea man."   After serving in the Air Force he returned in time for the advent of television and “Our Gang” was re-branded as “The Little Rascals.”  With fellow Rascal, Jackie Cooper, they are the only “Our Gang” members to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.,+George+'Spanky
    1929 - Guitarist Howard Roberts (d. 1992) birthday, Phoenix, AZ.
    1929 - Birthday of Moses Gunn (d. 1993), St. Louis, MO. The 1981 winner of the NAACP Image Award for his performance as Booker T. Washington in the film “Ragtime,” his appearances on stage ranged from the title role in “Oth­ello” to Jean Genet's “The Blacks.”He received an Emmy nomina­tion for his role in “Roots”and was awarded several Obies for off-Broadway performances. On film he appeared in “Shaft”and “The Great White Hope.”
    1929 - "The National Farm and Home Hour," which gave rural Americans information about farm products, growing crops, farm animal care and useful household tips, debuted on NBC radio. "The Stars and Stripes Forever" opened the show. Don Ameche and Raymond Edward Johnson were featured, along with music and entertainment by The Cadets male quartet, Jack Baus and The Cornbusters and Mirandy of Persimmons Holler. "The National Farm and Home Hour" was sponsored by Montgomery Ward (or, Monkey Ward's, as we used to call it).
    1932 - Birthday of former baseball manager and player Maurice Morning “Maury” Wills, born Washington, DC.
    1935 - Birthday of Robert H. Lawrence, Jr. (d. 1967), on Chicago’s South Side. He was named the first black astronaut when he was selected by the Air Force for space flight training in 1966. Lawrence graduated from Englewood High School and earned a B.S in chemistry from Bradley University in 1956. He joined the Air Force and completed a doctorate in physical chemistry at Ohio State University. He died in a plane crash on Dec. 8, 1967, at Edwards Air Force Base in California before the start of his space mission. On August 30, 1983, Guion (Guy) S. Bluford, Jr. became the first black American astronaut to make a space flight. Robert H. Lawrence School in Chicago's Jeffrey Manor neighborhood is named in his memory.
    1932 – Playing in Boston as the Braves, the team that would move to Washington, DC and become the Redskins, played its first NFL game, losing 14-0.
   1933 - "Red Adams" was heard for the first time on NBC radio. Later, the program was retiled, "Red Davis" (starring Burgess Meredith), "Forever Young" and, finally, "Pepper Young's Family" (starring Mason Adams). Radio listeners kept listening through all the changes until 1959.
    1933 – Dave Somerville (d. 2015), lead singer of The Diamonds (“Little Darlin”) was born in Guelph, Ontario, Canada.
    1936 – Tony Lazzeri became the first Yankee to hit a grand slam in the World Series.
    1937 - Ronald Reagan, just 26 years old, made his acting debut with the Warner Brothers release of "Love is in the Air".
    1937 – OJ’s lawyer, Johnnie Cochran (d. 2005) was born, Shreveport, LA.
    1938 – The Indians’ Bob Feller stuck out 18 Tigers.
    1939 - "Flying Home" was recorded by Benny Goodman and his six-man-band for Columbia Records. It became his “signature” tune. He had two black musicians, Teddy Wilson on piano and Lionel Hampton on vibraphone. Goodman was the first to break the white-black musician barrier in the early 1930's and the first major band and group to include both black and white musicians playing together, especially in lead positions.
    1942 – Steve Sabol (d. 2012) of NFL Films was born in Moorestown, NJ.  As the son of NFL Films’ founder, Ed Sabol, Steve took the fledgling enterprise to dramatic heights with the increasingly popularity of NFL Football through its rise on television.  NFL Films has been awarded over 40 Emmys. 
    1944 - CARR, CHRIS (name legally changed from CHRISTOS H. KARABERIS, under which name the medal was awarded), MEDAL OF HONOR. Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company L, 337th Infantry, 85th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Guignola, Italy, 1-2 October 1944. Entered service at: Manchester, N.H. Birth: Manchester, N.H. G.O. No.: 97, 1 November 1945. Citation Leading a squad of Company L, he gallantly cleared the way for his company's approach along a ridge toward its objective, the Casoni di Remagna. When his platoon was pinned down by heavy fire from enemy mortars, machineguns, machine pistols, and rifles, he climbed in advance of his squad on a maneuver around the left flank to locate and eliminate the enemy gun positions. Undeterred by deadly fire that ricocheted off the barren rocky hillside, he crept to the rear of the first machinegun and charged, firing his submachine gun. In this surprise attack he captured 8 prisoners and turned them over to his squad before striking out alone for a second machinegun. Discovered in his advance and subjected to direct fire from the hostile weapon, he leaped to his feet and ran forward, weaving and crouching, pouring automatic fire into the emplacement that killed 4 of its defenders and forced the surrender of a lone survivor. He again moved forward through heavy fire to attack a third machinegun. When close to the emplacement, he closed with a nerve-shattering shout and burst of fire. Paralyzed by his whirlwind attack, all 4 gunners immediately surrendered. Once more advancing aggressively in the face of a thoroughly alerted enemy, he approached a point of high ground occupied by 2 machineguns which were firing on his company on the slope below. Charging the first of these weapons, he killed 4 of the crew and captured 3 more. The 6 defenders of the adjacent position, cowed by the savagery of his assault, immediately gave up. By his l-man attack, heroically and voluntarily undertaken in the face of tremendous risks, Sgt. Karaberis captured 5 enemy machinegun positions, killed 8 Germans, took 22 prisoners, cleared the ridge leading to his company's objective, and drove a deep wedge into the enemy line, making it possible for his battalion to occupy important, commanding ground.
    1945 – Ten-year-old Elvis Presley makes his first public appearance in a talent show at the Mississippi-Alabama Dairy Show singing "Old Shep." He won 2nd place and 5 dollars.
    1945 - Birthday of singer/songwriter Don McLean, New Rochelle, NY.  His rock ‘n’ roll anthem, “American Pie,” is among the most played songs of that era.
    1946 - Birthday of singer Freddie Jackson, Harlem, NY.
    1946 - Birthday of accordion player Jo-eL Sonnier, Rayne, LA
    1947- Yogi Berra becomes first batter to pinch hit a World Series homer.  He hit it off the Dodgers’ Ralph Branca, who would give up another historic HR four years later.
    1948 - Fashion designer Donna Karan was born Donna Ivy Faske at Forest Hills, NY.  Responsible for the Murphy Brown look - the mix and match wear in soft fabrics in muted colors that allowed an active woman to move comfortably and stay neat all day. She had two terms as chief designer for the Anne Klein line before breaking off to form her own line. Her first stock offering topped $160 million.
    1949 - Birthday of photographer Annie Leibovitz. She made her greatest early impact as chief photographer of “Rolling Stone” magazine, 1973-83. She was winner of the advertising Clio award 1988. Her photographs are often the ones historians use to illustrate the 60s and 70s culture. Like so many of the "hippy" generation, she graduated to "yuppy" and is now one of the leading photographers of such publications as “Vanity Fair”. She recently won a judgment to keep all her copyrights, about to lose them in a debt settlement.
    1949 - “Hennnnnnreeeeee! Henry Aldrich!” “Coming, Mother!” The popular radio program, "The Aldrich Family", became one of TV's first hits, as the longtime radio show appeared on NBC-TV for the first time. In addition to being a successful radio transplant, "The Aldrich Family" scored another distinction -- being the very first TV sitcom (situation comedy).
    1949 – The Yankees and the Red Sox are tied for first and played the final game of the season with the Yanks winning 5-3. It was Ellis Kinder for the Sox facing Vic Raschi.  The Yankees led 1-0 after seven innings, having scored in the first. In the eighth inning, Red Sox and former Yankees’ manager Joe McCarthy lifted Kinder for a pinch hitter. Then he brought in Mel Parnell in relief and Parnell yielded a homer to Tommy Henrich and a single to Yogi Berra. Parnell was replaced by Tex Hughson, who had been on the disabled list and said his arm still hurt. But he came on and, with the bases loaded, Jerry Coleman hit a soft liner that Al Zarilla in right field tried to make a shoestring catch, but he missed and it went for a triple and three runs. In the ninth inning the Red Sox rallied for three runs but still fell short.
    1950 - Top Hits
“Goodnight Irene” - The Weavers
“La Vie En Rose” - Tony Martin
“All My Love” - Patti Page
“Goodnight Irene” - Red Foley-Ernest Tubb
    1950 - “Peanuts” by Charles M. Schultz is first published as “Li’l Folks”.  This comic strip featured Charlie Brown, Lucy, Linus, Sally, Peppermint Patty, Pigpen, and Charlie's dog, Snoopy. The last new Peanuts strip was published Feb 13, 2000 and Schultz died the next day.
    1950 - "Lux Video Theater" premiered on television.  James Mason, Otto Kruger and Gordon MacRae hosted this half-hour dramatic anthology series that aired for seven years on both CBS and NBC. Its famed guest stars included: Robert Stack in "Inside Story" (1951); Peter Lorre in "The Taste" (1952); Grace Kelly in "A Message for Janice" (1952); Edward G. Robinson in "Witness for the Prosecution" (1953) and Esther Williams in "The Armed Venus" (1957).
    1951 – In the second game of this famous playoff series, the Brooklyn Dodgers blast the New York Giants, 10-0, tying the playoffs at 1 each and setting the stage for “The Shot Heard ‘Round the World”.
    1953 - Brooklyn Dodger Carl Erskine strikes out 14 Yankees in the 50th World Series.
    1954 - "The Jimmy Durante Show" premiered on TV. Affectionately known as "The Schnozz," Durante hosted a Saturday night variety show with his former vaudeville partner, Eddie Jackson, pianist Jules Baffano and drummer Jack Roth. It alternated with "The Donald O'Connor Show" on NBC and aired for two years.  “Goodnight Mrs. Calabash, wherever you are”
    1954 - “The George Gobel Show” premiers on TV. George Gobel hosted this comedy-variety show for five years on NBC. Chanteuse Peggy King and Jeff Donnell were also on the show, with Eddie Fisher as “permanent guest star.” In 1959, Gobel switched networks to CBS and appeared for a year with Joe Flynn, Anita Bryant and Harry von Zell. He played Las Vegas, Nevada very often.
    1954 – Birthday of Dr. Melfi in “The Sopranos,” Lorraine Bracco, Brooklyn.
    1955 - "Alfred Hitchcock Presents" premiered on TV.  Alfred Hitchcock was already an acclaimed director when he began hosting this mystery anthology series that aired on CBS and NBC for 10 years. Each episode began with an introduction by Hitchcock, the man with the world's most recognized profile. Hitchcock directed about 22 episodes of the series. Robert Altman was also a director for the series. Among the many stars who appeared on the show are:  Barbara Bel Geddes, Brian Keith, Gena Rowlands, Dick York, Claris Leachman, Joanne Woodward, Steve McQueen, Peter Lorre, Dick Van Dyke, Robert Redford and Katherine Ross.
    1957 - Specialty Records releases "Bony Maronie" backed with "You Bug Me, Baby," by Larry Williams. "Bony Maronie" peaks at #14 on the pop chart. ("I got a girl and her name is Bony Maronie, she's as skinny as a stick of macaroni--bom-bom-bom-arat-ta)
    1957 - After a heated argument with her father, Connie Francis reluctantly records "Who's Sorry Now" in two takes. Although she doesn't like the song at all, record buyers feel differently and by the following March, it would become her first hit, reaching number 4 in the US and number 1 in the UK.
    1958 - At a press conference in Germany, a reporter asks Elvis if he is afraid of being forgotten by music fans while he is in the Army. Presley responds "It makes you wonder, but if people forget me, I can't complain. I had it once."
    1958 - Top Hits
“It's All in the Game” - Tommy Edwards
“Rock-in Robin” - Bobby Day
“Tears on My Pillow” - Little Anthony & The Imperials
“Bird Dog” - The Everly Brothers
    1958 - Rocker Robbie Nevil born in LA.  He began performing his original music and signed a publishing deal in 1983, writing songs for the Pointer Sisters, El DeBarge, and Earth, Wind, & Fire.
    1959 - A tornado struck the town of Ivy, VA (located near Charlottesville). Eleven persons were killed, including ten from one family.
    1959 - "The Twilight Zone" went on the air with these now-familiar words: "There is a fifth dimension, beyond that which is known to man. It is a dimension as vast as space and as timeless as infinity. It is the middle ground between light and shadow, between science and superstition, and it lies between the pit of man's fear and the summit of his knowledge. This is the dimension of imagination. It is an area which we call ‘The Twilight Zone'." The anthology program ran five seasons for 154 installments, with a one-year hiatus between the third and fourth seasons. It now is considered to have been one of the best dramas to appear on television. It was created and hosted by Rod Serling. He lived down the street from us in the Pacific Palisades. My father, Lawrence Menkin, wrote several of the episodes. He used to give Rod Serling a hard time, calling him a "hog" for writing most of them. Serling would get a kick out of this from my father who was a big man, six foot four, and Sterling was thin and about five foot four tall. I used to babysit for him. The last episode was telecast on Sept 31, 1965.
    1960 - "Stay" by Maurice Williams and the Zodiacs, enters the R&B chart and peaks at #3. On the pop chart, it climbs to Number One and popularizes the beach sound of the Carolina beach resorts.    
    1961 - “Ben Casey” premieres on television, competing with “Dr. Kildare,” starring Richard Chamberlain. The second year, it overtook Dr. Kildare in ratings, running for five years and 153 episodes starring Vince Edwards as Dr. Ben Casey, Sam Jaffe as Dr. David Zorba, Franchot Tone as Dr. Freeland and Bettye Ackerman as Dr. Maggie Graham. He was a friend of my father’s very good friend and actor (can't remember his name right now), who found himself “typecast” as an actor, tried singing, and felt he had gone from nobody to a great TV star, and then back to a “nobody,” brooding about it, almost obsessed, as I remember. Vince Edwards died of cancer March 12, 1996 l
    1961 - Vanguard Records releases the album "Volume Two" and the single "Banks of the Ohio" by 22 year old Joan Baez. She will go on to be one of the most popular and outspoken protest singers of the '60s.
    1962 - Frank Sinatra records with Count Basie, Los Angeles, Reprise Records FS 1008
    1964 - Protest Rally Continues Against UC Berkeley (I was there as a reporter for KFRC-News, San Francisco.) Some 450 police assemble on campus to undertake removal of police car. 
    1965 - The Who, The Four Tops and Gerry and the Pacemakers all appear on the US TV show, “Shindig!”
    1965 - The Beatles concert in the Cow Palace in San Francisco. Pandemonium broke out as fans rushed the stage. The Fab Four waited backstage until the frenzy diminished. It was so bad that the pranksters had to leave halfway through. Booze, joints, you name it was everywhere. It seems not only did people arrive early, they left late, many falling asleep all over the place, so many, the police did very little, but the first aid station was overwhelmed. The only band you can really hear at the Cow Palace with this type crowd was AC/DC.
    1965 - Pope Paul VI named the Very Reverend Bishop Harold Robert Perry of Lake Charles, LA, as the auxiliary bishop of the Archdiocese of New Orleans. He was the very first Catholic bishop who was an African-American.   He was consecrated in the Basilica of St. Louis, New Orleans, LA, on January 6, 1966, and was the pastor of the New Orleans Parish of St. Theresa of the Child of Jesus, Society of the Divine Word.
    1965 - The McCoys' "Hang on Sloopy" hit #1 in the U.S. The song snuck in at number one for one week, between "Eve of Destruction", by Barry McGuire and "Yesterday", by The Beatles.
    1965 - Soul singer Fontella Bass' "Rescue Me" enters the Hot 100. It remains on the pop charts for thirteen weeks where it peaks at Number Four.
    1966 - Top Hits
“Cherish” - The Association
“Beauty is Only Skin Deep” - The Temptations
“Black is Black” - Los Bravos
“Almost Persuaded” - David Houston
    1966 - Sandy Koufax, in great pain from an arthritic elbow, won 27 games and, for the third time in four years, led the Los Angeles Dodgers to the National League pennant. He ended up pitching 323 innings, a 27–9 record, and a 1.73 ERA. Since then, no left-hander has had more wins, nor a lower ERA, in a season.  In this season finale, the Dodgers had to beat the Phillies to win the pennant. In the second game of a doubleheader, Koufax faced Jim Bunning for the second time that season in a match-up between perfect game winners. Koufax, on two days’ rest, pitched a complete game, 6–3 victory to clinch the pennant. He started 41 games (for the second year in a row); only two left-handers started as many games in any season over the ensuing years through 2013.  However, the Baltimore Orioles swept the Dodgers 4-0 in the World Series that year.  He retired after the Series at the peak of his career and, in 1972, became the youngest player ever elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame, aged 36 years and 20 days
    1967 - Thurgood Marshall, appointed by President Lyndon B. Johnson, was sworn in as Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court. Marshall was the first black Supreme Court justice and served until his retirement on June 27, 1991, at the age of 82. He had served in the U.S. Second Circuit Court of Appeals (1961-1965) and as U.S. Solicitor General (1965-1967). Justice Marshall died on January 24, 1993.  His career highlights:
…1930 Mr. Marshall graduates with honors from Lincoln U. (cum laude)
…1933 Receives law degree from Howard U. (magna cum laude); begins private practice in Baltimore
…1934 Begins to work for Baltimore branch of NAACP
…1935 With Charles Houston, wins first major civil rights case, Murray v. Pearson
…1936 Becomes assistant special counsel for NAACP in New York
…1940 Wins first of 29 Supreme Court victories (Chambers v. Florida)
…1944 Successfully argues Smith v. Allwright, overthrowing the South's "white primary"
…1948 Wins Shelley v. Kraemer, in which Supreme Court strikes down legality of racially restrictive covenants
…1950 Wins Supreme Court victories in two graduate-school integration cases, Sweatt v. Painter and McLaurin v. Oklahoma State Regents
…1951 Visits South Korea and Japan to investigate charges of racism in U.S. armed forces. He reported that the general practice was one of "rigid segregation".
…1954 Wins Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, landmark case that demolishes legal basis for segregation in America
…1961 Defends civil rights demonstrators, winning Supreme Circuit Court victory in Garner v. Louisiana; nominated to Second Court of Appeals by President J.F. Kennedy
…1961 Appointed circuit judge, makes 112 rulings, all of them later upheld by Supreme Court (1961-1965)
…1965 Appointed U.S. solicitor general by President Lyndon Johnson; wins 14 of the 19 cases he argues for the government (1965-1967)

    1968 - Bob Gibson of the St. Louis Cardinals struck out 17 Detroit Tigers, a new World Series record, in the first game of the World Series. The Tigers recovered to win the Series in seven games.
    1968 - Redwood National Park established.
    1969 - NOVOSEL, MICHAEL J., Medal of Honor.
Rank and organization: Chief Warrant Officer, U.S. Army, 82d Medical Detachment, 45th Medical Company, 68th Medical Group. Place and date: Kien Tuong Province, Republic of Vietnam, 2 October 1969. Entered service at: Kenner, La. Born: 3 September 1922, Etna, Pa. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. CWO Novosel, 82d Medical Detachment, distinguished himself while serving as commander of a medical evacuation helicopter. He unhesitatingly maneuvered his helicopter into a heavily fortified and defended enemy training area where a group of wounded Vietnamese soldiers were pinned down by a large enemy force. Flying without gunship or other cover and exposed to intense machinegun fire, CWO Novosel was able to locate and rescue a wounded soldier. Since all communications with the beleaguered troops had been lost, he repeatedly circled the battle area, flying at low level under continuous heavy fire, to attract the attention of the scattered friendly troops. This display of courage visibly raised their morale, as they recognized this as a signal to assemble for evacuation. On 6 occasions he and his crew were forced out of the battle area by the intense enemy fire, only to circle and return from another direction to land and extract additional troops. Near the end of the mission, a wounded soldier was spotted close to an enemy bunker. Fully realizing that he would attract a hail of enemy fire, CWO Novosel nevertheless attempted the extraction by hovering the helicopter backward. As the man was pulled on aboard, enemy automatic weapons opened fire at close range, damaged the aircraft and wounded CWO Novosel. He momentarily lost control of the aircraft, but quickly recovered and departed under the withering enemy fire. In all, 15 extremely hazardous extractions were performed in order to remove wounded personnel. As a direct result of his selfless conduct, the lives of 29 soldiers were saved. The extraordinary heroism displayed by CWO Novosel was an inspiration to his comrades in arms and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
    1970 – A plane carrying the Wichita State football team crashed in Colorado and killed 31.
    1970 – Television host Kelly Ripa was born in Stratford, NJ.
    1971 - John Lennon's "Imagine" LP enters the chart as does The Beach Boys' "Surf's Up" LP.
    1971 - Rod Stewart enjoyed a two sided, US number one record with "Maggie May / "Reason To Believe".
    1971 – “Soul Train,” a new, weekly TV show that showcased current R&B artists, makes its debut in the US. The first broadcast featured Gladys Knight and The Pips, Eddie Kendricks and Honey Cone.
    1974 - Top Hits
“Rock Me Gently” - Andy Kim
“I Honestly Love You” - Olivia Newton-John
“Nothing from Nothing” - Billy Preston
“I'm a Ramblin' Man” - Waylon Jennings
    1975 - After a year of desperately trying to revive its flagging fortunes, the once-mighty retailer W.T. Grant filed for bankruptcy on this day. Seeds of the company's collapse were planted in the mid-1960s, when management embarked on an ambitious growth program. The company decided to open a fleet of new stores and, after five years of rapid expansion, 410 super-sized Grant outlets had been built around the country. At the same time, Grant, which had traditionally stocked mainly inexpensive products, began to offer more of the pricier items usually sold at department stores. Unfortunately, the retail makeover only served to alienate Grant's clientele, who had relied on the stores for cheap goods. When a recession hit in 1974, the company was left with little in the way of customers or earnings. At the time it went belly-up, W.T. Grant was saddled with over $1 billion in debt, making it the nation's single biggest retailing failure.  When founded, Grant was the object of vitriol and litigation as the developer of the department store concept that brought several different retail lines under one roof.  Heretofore America was dotted with small stores in the center of town who felt threatened by this concept.  Eventually the concept was ruled to be legal and with it the demise of small towns’ downtowns began.
    1976 - John Belushi joins Joe Cocker on Saturday Night Live during the performance of "Feeling Alright." Belushi performs his exaggeratedly spastic imitation of Cocker and the crowd goes wild. After the show, Cocker says he's happy with Belushi's impression of him.
    1976 - Rod Stewart's "Tonight's The Night" is released.
    1977 - When Dusty Baker hits his 30th homer of the season against the Astros' J.R. Richard, the Dodgers become the first team in Major League history to have four players hit 30 or more home runs. He joins with Steve Garvey (33), Reggie Smith (32) and Ron Cey (30) to complete the foursome.
    1977 - Gene Simmons receives a Platinum record for his solo LP, one of four released concurrently by the members of KISS. Simmons' charts the highest in the US, reaching #22.
    1977 - After a month following what appeared to be an attempt to steal the body of Elvis Presley from Forest Hill Cemetery, both Presley's and his grandmother's bodies are moved to Graceland.
    1980 - Larry Holmes retains WBC heavyweight title defeating Muhammad Ali
    1980 – Michael Myers becomes the first member of either chamber of Congress to be expelled since the Civil War
      1982 - John Cougar's "Jack & Diane" hits #1 on the singles chart while .38 Special's "You Keep Runnin' Away" peaks at #38.
    1982 - Top Hits
“Jack & Diane” - John Cougar
“Eye in the Sky” - The Alan Parsons Project
“Somebody's Baby” - Jackson Browne
“Put Your Dreams Away” - Mickey Gilley
    1982 - Bruce Springsteen's "Nebraska" enters the rock albums chart at #24. Though the record, which consists mainly of solo acoustic songs, will receive virtually no radio play, it remains on the best-seller charts for several months.
    1982 - The Clash's "Rock the Casbah" enters the Hot 100 at #90. It eventually makes the pop Top Ten and the funk-dub remix, "Mustapha Dance" makes the disco singles Top Ten, helping the group's latest album "Combat Rock" become its first gold and platinum LP.
    1982 - Aerosmith's "Rock In A Hard Place" album enters the chart. The LP was recorded without guitarists Joe Perry and Brad Whitford.
    1982 - Rush's "Signals" enters the LP chart.
    1985 - Bruce Springsteen's "Born in the U.S.A." tour ends at the L.A. Coliseum.
    1986 - The Everly Brothers are awarded a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
    1988 - The games of the XXIV Olympiad closed at Seoul, Korea. The Soviet Union topped the medals tally with 132 (55 gold) against 102 medals for East Germany (37 gold) and 94 for the United States (36 gold). The Olympics were also profitable, with a surplus of $288 million. And the Games helped open new avenues of foreign trade and commerce to the isolated, but burgeoning, South Korean economy.
    1989 - Flooding due to thunderstorm rains in the southeastern U.S. on the last day of September and the first day of October caused the Etowah River to rise seven feet above flood stage at Canton, GA. Thunderstorms produced up to ten inches of rain in northeastern Georgia, with six inches reported at Athens, GA in 24 hours. One man was killed, and another man was injured, when sucked by floodwaters into drainage lines.
    1990 - Top Hits
“(Can't Live Without Your) Love and Affection” - Nelson
“Close to You” - Maxi Priest
“Praying for Time” - George Michael
“Jukebox in My Mind” – Alabama
    1993 - Rod Stewart's "unplugged" version of "Reason To Believe" hits #19 on the pop singles chart
    1993 - Meat Loaf's "Bat Out of Hell II: Back Into Hell" enters the LP chart.
    1996 – President Bill Clinton signs the Electronic Freedom of Information Act Amendments.
      2001 - Slugging Sammy Sosa becomes the first player in baseball history to slug 60 home runs in three seasons. The Cubs' outfielder connects off Reds starter Lance Davis to reach the milestone.
    2002 - Former Diamondback Alex Cabrera slams his 55th home run to tie the Japanese single-season home run mark. The 31-year-old Seibu Lion joins Sadaharu Oh (1964) and Tuffy Rhodes (2001) in Japan’s record book.
    2004 - Billy Joel married a woman who is just four years older than his daughter. The 55-year-old piano man tied the knot with Katie Lee, a 22 year old cooking student that he had been dating for about a year. They are now divorced.
    2004 - Jeff Kent hits two round-trippers to become the all-time home run leader of second basemen. The Astros infielder records his 278th dinger and 302nd overall to break Ryne Sandberg's major league record established in 1997.
    2006 - Five school girls are murdered by Charles Carl Roberts in an Amish school in Nickel Mines, PA before he commits suicide.
    2011 - Over 700 Occupy Wall Street protesters were arrested when they swarmed the Brooklyn Bridge and shut down a lane of traffic.
    2013 – In the case of AEG Live v. Michael Jackson Estate, the court ruled that AEG Live is not guilty of negligence for hiring Jackson’s physician Conrad Murray.
    2014 – JPMorgan Chase disclosed that a July data breach resulted in the exposure of contact information for 83 million households.  The bank stated that security information, such as passwords and birth dates, did not appear to have been compromised.

World Series Champions
    1932 - New York Yankees
    1954 - New York Giants



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