Friday, October 23, 2009
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Today's Top Event in History
This Day in American History1761 - A hurricane struck southeastern New England. It was the most violent in thirty years. Thousands of trees blocked roads in Massachusetts and Rhode Island.
1775 - Continental Congress approved a resolution barring blacks from army.
1783 - Virginia emancipated slaves who fought for independence during the Revolutionary War.
1813- The Americans operating the Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon, turn the post over to their rivals in the British North West Company, and for the next three decades Britons dominate the fur trade of the Pacific Northwest. By the 1840s, the beaver population had dwindled, while American settlement in the area was on the rise. Unwilling to protect the Hudson Bay Company's claim to the region, the British agreed to accept American control of the territory below the 49th parallel in 1846 and ceded to the U.S. the territory encompassing the future states of Washington, Oregon, and Idaho. (see Real Facts/Snapple)
1824-John Stevens, age 76, designed and this day finished construction of the first steam locomotive to pull a train on a track. The locomotive could pull a 1,000 pound load at 12 miles per hour. It was operating on a circular track 220 feet in circumference on Steven's estate at Hoboken, New Jersey. It moved by means of a large gear wheel engaging a toothed rack placed on the ties between the rails. The wheels had no flanges, so to keep the train form running off the track, Stevens affixed little horizontal friction rollers on the underside chassis that pressed and rolled along the inner vertical face of the wooden beams used for rails. The 1830's saw the invention of the locomotive grow. The Baltimore and Ohio bid out the building of the first engine, which was won by Phineas Davis of York, PA, who built the “York.. In 1831, he built the first locomotive to burn coal. It was the first locomotive that had coupled wheels and a double instead of a single pair of drivers. It weighed 3.5 tons and attained velocity by gearing, using a spur wheel and pinion on one of the axles of the wheels. The only accident in which it was involved occurred on September 27,1835, as the result of a defective track. The accident killed Phineas Davis, who was riding on the locomotive.
1828-Birthday of Turner Ashby, Civil War Confederate Brigadier General. Stonewall Jackson's cavalry commander during Valley Campaign of 1862. Killed at New Market, VA while fighting rear guard action during Jackson's withdrawal from the Valley. His brother is buried with him and was murdered by a Union patrol in 1861 http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=grandGRid=8336
1843 - "Indian Summer" was routed by cold and snow that brought sleighing from the Poconos to Vermont. A foot of snow blanketed Haverhill NH and Newberry VT, and 18 to 24 inches were reported in some of the higher elevations. Snow stayed on the ground until the next spring. (22nd-23rd)
1844-A group who followed William Miller, who's day of reckoning did not happen the day before, began a new order and thus began the Seventh Day Adventist.
1869-The New York Stock Exchange put memberships up for sale for the first time in its seventy-seven-year history.
1871 --Birth of Edgar J. Goodspeed, American Greek N.T. scholar. He taught at the University of Chicago 1898-1937. In 1931, he co-authored with JMP Smith "The Bible: An American Translation," better known today as "Smith and Goodspeed."
1869-Birthday of John William Heisman, football player, coach and administrator, born at Cleveland, OH. Heisman played football at Brown and Pennsylvania and began coaching at Oberlin. He moved to Akron, Oberlin again, Auburn, Clemson, Georgia Tech, Pennsylvania, Washington and Jefferson, and Rice. After his retirement, he became athletic director oat the Downtown Athletic Club in New York. The club's award to the best college football player in the country was named in his honor posthumously. Died at New York, NY, Oct 3, 1936.
1885-Formal opening of Bryn Mawr, Pa., the first college in the US to offer advanced degrees to women. http://www.brynmawr.edu/about/who_goes.shtml
1891-Birrthday of blues pianist Speckled Red (Rufus Perryman), born Hampton, GA., Died January 2, 1973. http://www.centrohd.com/biogra/p2/rufus_perryman_b.htm
1906 -- Jonathan Latimer birthday. American hard-boiled mystery writer, noted for his Bill Crane series, described as an "alcoholic private detective", but who represents more accurately the "screwball-comedy" school of the 1930s mystery fiction. Latimer wrote also screenplays, notably Dashiell Hammett's The Glass Key.
1915- 25,000 women march in NYC, demanding right to vote
1918--DUNN, PARKER F. Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Army, Company A, 312th Infantry, 78th Division. Place and date: Near Grand-Pre, France, 23 October 1918. Entered service at: Albany, N.Y. Birth: Albany, N.Y. G.O. No.: 49, W.D., 1922. Citation: When his battalion commander found it necessary to send a message to a company in the attacking line and hesitated to order a runner to make the trip because of the extreme danger involved, Pfc. Dunn, a member of the intelligence section, volunteered for the mission. After advancing but a short distance across a field swept by artillery and machinegun fire, he was wounded, but continued on and fell wounded a second time. Still undaunted, he persistently attempted to carry out his mission until he was killed by a machinegun bullet before reaching the advance line.
1925- Here's Johnnnnnny—Johnny Carson's birthday. A long time smoker, he died from emphysema on January 23, 2005 in Malibu, California at age 79. http://www.johnnycarson.com/carson/
4531 Episodes http://www.timvp.com/carson.html
1927 -- Surrealist poet Philip Lamantia born in San Francisco, California.Lamantia discovered Surrealism as a teenager. Immediately drawn to this movement, he began to write poetry and left California for New York to meet Andre Breton, who recognized his talent and began publishing his poems. Lamantia's work appeared in Breton's VVV, as well as Charles Henri Ford's View and other experimental journals. He married Nancy Peters, a surrealist poet and co-owner, with Lawrence Ferlinghetti, of City Lights Books publishers, which is still in business in North Beach, the original haven for “Beatniks.”
1927---Alto sax player Sonny Criss Birthday. Died - November 19, 1977.
1934-Birthday of golfer Juan (Chi-Chi” Rodriques, born Rio Piedras, Puerto Rico.
1939 - North of Murmansk, a German prize crew steers the US ship City of Flint into Kola Bay. The steamer was seized as contraband by a German cruiser. SS City of Flint, a freighter of the United States Merchant Marine, was the first American ship captured by the Germans during World War II. Under the command of Captain Joseph H. Gainard, City of Flint first became involved in the war when she rescued 200 survivors of the torpedoed British passenger liner SS Athenia in early September 1939. On October 9, City of Flint was carrying 4000 tons of lubricating oil from New York to Great Britain. (Panzerschiff) Deutschland seized her some 1200 miles out from New York, declaring her cargo to be contraband and the ship a prize of war. A German prize crew painted out all US insignia and hoisted the German ensign. To avoid the Royal Navy, the prize crew headed for Tromsø. The Norwegians, neutral at the time and disturbed by the sinking of the merchant SS Lotent W. Hassen, refused entry to the Germans. The prize crew then sailed for Murmansk, claiming havarie (the privilege of sanctuary for damage caused at sea), but the Russians also refused entry, stating that if the Germans claimed havarie, the American crew could not be prisoners of war. In the several weeks that elapsed, the United States ordered many US merchant ships to register with other countries, so as to continue supporting the Allies without violating the US's nominal neutrality. The Royal Navy began closing on the captured ship. The prize crew then tried Norway again at the port of Haugesund. The Norwegian government again refused entry, describing the German crew as kidnappers. The approaching Royal Navy left the prize crew no choice, though; on November 3 they entered the harbor. The Norwegian Admiralty interned the German crew and, on November 6 returned City of Flint to Captain Gainard's command.
1940-Birthday of Pele ( EdsonArantes do Nascimento) famous soccer player, born Tres Coracoes, Brazil. 3 winning teams [1958, 1962, 1970].
1941—The Lend Lease Act was passed by the US Senate, giving the president authority to send material to Europe and continue neutrality in the war. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/today/oct23.html
1941 - Walt Disney's classic animated film, Dumbo, was released to theaters. It was one of the shortest Disney full-length animations produced, at a running length of 64 minutes. Critics considered it the best of Disney's animations to date because of its heart, compassion, and skill. It was also one of the least expensive to make, costing about $950,000.
1944-In response to the Allied invasion of the Philippines at Leyte, the Japanese initiated "Sho-Go" (Operation Victory) , an attempt to counter the Allies' next invasion by heavy air attacks. Four carriers were sent south from Japanese waters to lure the US aircraft carriers away from Leyte Gulf. At the same time Japanese naval forces from Singapore were sent to Brunei Bay, spilt up into two groups and converged on Leyte Gulf from the north and southwest. The group in the north, under Vice Admiral Kurita Takeo, was to enter the Pacific through the San Bernardino Strait between the Philippine islands of Samar and Luzon. On Oct 23 Kurita lost two of his heavy cruisers to US submarine attack, and one of Japan's greatest battleships, the Musashi, was sunk in an aerial attack the next day The southern group commanded by Vice Admiral Nishimura Teiji was detected on its way to the Surigao Strait and was practically annihilated by the US 7th Fleet, resulting in serious loses for the Japanese.
1944 - The 1st Battalion, 141st Infantry, 36th Infantry Division (TX), soon known as the "Lost Battalion" was cut off on top of a hill by German infantry and armored forces. After six days of stemming repeated enemy attacks and suffering extremely high losses and with ammunition, food and water running out, the battalion was relieved by the other two battalions of the 141st along with the famed 442nd Regimental Combat Team made up of Japanese-Americans.
1945- Dodger President, Branch Rickey, announces that Jackie Robinson has signed to play with Brooklyn's Triple A team in Montreal. The 26-year old Negro League star will be the first black player to play in organized baseball since 1884.
1947-The NAACP petitions the United Nations about racial injustices.
1947-The first Nobel Prize shared by an American husband and wife was the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine, awarded to Dr. Carl Ferdinand Cori and Dr. Gerty Theresa Cori of the Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO, who discovered how sugar in the human system is converted into glycogen through an enzyme or biological catalyst called phosphorylase.
1950 - Communist troops massacred 68 American POWs in the Sunchon tunnel. A 1st Cavalry Division force under the command of Brigadier General Frank A. Allen rescued 21 survivors.
1951- The NAACP pickets the New York Stork Club in support of Josephine Baker, who was refused admission a week ago. After a city- convened special committee calls Baker's charges unfounded, Thurgood Marshall calls the findings a "complete and shameless whitewash of the long-established and well-known discriminatory policies of the Stork Club."Josephine Baker rummaged for coal behind Union Station and for food behind Soulard Market in St. Louis. At age 13 she was a waitress at the Chauffeurs' Club on Pine Street and danced with a minstrel band. In 1925 she went to Paris with the Revue Negre. Baker starred in the Folies-Bergere the next season and became one of France's best-loved entertainers. During WWII, she was a heroine of the Resistance, earning the Legion d'Honneur. A French citizen, she remained an activist for civil rights in the US. On her death in 1975, Baker was given an unprecedented state funeral in Paris.
1954-Elvis Presley reaches a Billboard chart outside of Memphis for the first time when "Blue Moon Of Kentucky" hits #6 in Nashville and #3 in New Orleans.
Love is a Many-Splendored Thing - The Four Aces
Autumn Leaves - Roger Williams
The Shifting, Whispering Sands - Rusty Draper
Love, Love, Love - Webb Pierce
1956-The Jonathan Winters Show was televised in New York on WRCA-TV, taped with a RCA machine and then played back for the West Coast at a later time. It was the first telecast shown in full compatible color. It also was the first video recording on magnetic tape televised coast-to-coast.
1959-Birthday of singer, satirist Alfred Matthew ( Weird Al” ) Yankovic, born Lynwood, CA.
1959 -- Charles Van Doren recants his testimony. The son of author/teacher Mark Van Doren (Allen Ginsberg, et al) originally denied to a grand jury that the TV quiz show "21" had supplied him with questions and answers in advance. His confession was front page news and a shock to the American public that had made the television show more popular than “Who Wants to Be a Millionaire” of today. It also made all television games suspect and the medium itself.
1961-The fist jazz composition to appear on the Top 40 charts was pianist Dave Brubeck's instrumental “Take Five, which entered the Top 40 popular music charge published by the trade newspaper. It eventually reached 25.
1961 - Dion's "Runaround Sue" was the #1 U.S. single. It remained at the top for two weeks until being knocked off by Jimmy Dean's "Big Bad John".
1962—Birthday of my cousin Douglas Richard (Doug) Flutie, football player, born Manchester MD. Heisman Trophy winner ; CFL: British Columbia Lions [1991 record: passing yards gained in a season: 6,619]; NFL: Buffalo Bills, San Diego Chargers. Today he is a sportscaster.
1962-Twelve-year old Steveland Morris Judkins, renamed Little Stevie Wonder, records his first single, "Thank you for Loving Me All the Way," for Motown Records. The record doesn't do anything but he is billed as the twelve year old genius.
Sugar Shack - Jimmy Gilmer and The Fireballs
Be My Baby - The Ronettes
Busted - Ray Charles
Love's Gonna Live Here - Buck Owens
1965--The Byrds' "Turn! Turn! Turn!" is released.
1965-The Temptations enter the Hot 100 for the seventh time with "My Baby," which will reach #13 in eight weeks on the chart.
1966-The Yardbirds and Country Joe and the Fish at the S.F. Fillmore.
1970 - ‘Lady Soul', Aretha Franklin, won a gold record for "Don't Play that Song".
1971-Walt Disney World opens in Orlando, Florida, 16 years after Disneyland opened in Anaheim, California. Disney World, featuring rides and characters from Disney's beloved movies, would later include EPCOT Center (which opened in 1982), based on Walt Disney's vision of a Utopian planned community. (EPCOT stands for Experimental Prototype Community of Tomorrow.) The Walt Disney Company launched a real planned community, Celebration, Florida, in 1996.
1973-Eight impeachment resolutions were introduced in the House, even as President Nixon announced he would turn over the subpoenaed Watergate tapes.
1975 - Elton John's Los Angeles concert was sold out at Dodger Stadium. It was the finale to his concert tour of the western U.S.
1975- In a fitting finish to one of the most classic World Series ever played, the Reds beat the Red Sox in a thrilling Game 7 victory, 4-3. Joe Morgan's ninth inning looping single scoring Ken Griffey proves to be the decisive hit.
1976-Led Zeppelin make their US television debut on Don Kirshner's Rock Concert, where they perform "Black Dog" and "Dazed And Confused".
1976 - Chicago's hit single, If You Leave Me Now also made it to the record charts top spot on this date, and remained Number 1 for 2 weeks.
1978-CBS Records becomes the first US label to announce a price hike to $8.98 for albums. Other labels soon followed suit.
Rise - Herb Alpert
Pop Muzik - M
I'll Never Love This Way Again - Dionne Warwick
All the Gold in California - Larry Gatlin and The Gatlin Brothers
1983 - A truck filled with explosives, driven by a Moslem suicide terrorist, crashed into the U.S. Marine barracks near the Beirut International Airport in Lebanon. The bomb killed 241 Marines and sailors and injured 80. Almost simultaneously, a similar incident occurred at French military headquarters, where 58 died and 15 were injured. Four months after the Marine barracks bombing, U.S. Marines were ordered to start pulling out of Lebanon.
1987 - Thirteen cities in the southeastern U.S. reported record low temperatures for the date. It marked the sixth record low of the month for Greer SC and Columbia SC, and the ninth of the month for Montgomery AL. Showers and thunderstorms deluged Corpus Christi TX with five inches of rain. Winnemucca NV reported their first measurable rain in ninety-two days, while Yakima WA reported a record 96 days in a row without measurable rainfall.
Lost in Emotion - Lisa Lisa and Cult Jam
U Got the Look - Prince
I Think We're Alone Now - Tiffany
Fishin' in the Dark - Nitty Gritty Dirt Band
1988 - Denver, CO, reported their first freeze of the autumn, and Chicago, IL, reported their first snow. In Texas, afternoon highs of 93 degrees at Austin and San Antonio were records for the date.
1989 -Up to 3 feet of snow fell in the mountains around Lake Tahoe with 21 inches at Donner Summit. Locally heavy rains in the San Francisco area caused numerous mudslides, adding insult to injury for earthquake victims. Thunderstorms in northern California produced 3.36 inches of rain at Redding to set a 24 hour record for October. A storm moving out of the Gulf of Alaska brought rain and high winds to the Central Pacific Coast Region. High winds in Nevada gusted to 67 mph at Reno, and thunderstorms around Redding CA produced wind gusts to 66 mph.
1990-Michael Jackson donates one of his stage outfits, including a hat and a rhinestone covered glove, to the Motown Museum in Detroit. In his address, Jackson thanks Berry Gordy, calling him "the man that made it all possible for me."
1990-Motorola announced it had developed technology to send data at high speeds within office buildings using digital radio transmission. The technology, powerful enough to transmit anywhere in a large building, would allow companies to move computers from one office to another without laying new wiring. While wireless communication for all kinds of computer devices became common in the late 1990s, most companies continued to rely on cable to connect in-office, desktop computers. The wireless telephone and communicator business is now bringing wireless capabilities further with longer distances of source available.
1993 - After his winning home run gave the Blue Jays the win, Joe Carter stepped on home plate and touched off a SkyDome celebration. The Toronto Blue Jays beat the Philadelphia Phillies 4 games to 2 in the World Series to win the title for the second year in a row.
1994 - Mel Gray passes Ron Smith to become the all-time NFL leader in kickoff return yards. Gray finishes his career with 10,250 yards.
1998 - An American brokered peace deal was reached at the Wye Plantation in Maryland between Yasser Arafat and Benjamin Netanyahu. Israeli and Palestinian extremists denounced the deal. Land for the Palestinians was exchanged for security guarantees to the Israelis backed by the American CIA. Pres. Clinton agreed to release Jonathan Pollard, who was jailed 11 years ago on charges of spying for Israel.
1999-Thirty years after making his initial US chart appearance with a song called "Jingo", Carlos Santana had his first number one hit with "Smooth". The track, which features the vocals of Rob Thomas of Matchbox Twenty, would stay at the top for twelve weeks and remained in the top ten for a record setting 30 weeks.
2002--In Game 4 of the World Series, Barry Bonds is walked intentionally three times setting a new record for a Fall Classic game. Angels starting pitcher John Lackey, who issues all the free passes to the Giants left fielder, does not factor in the decision in San Francisco's 4-3 victory at Pac Bell, which deadlocks the series at two.
2002-- Lou Gehrig's consecutive games streak being broken by Cal Ripken Jr. in 1995 is voted as baseball's most memorable moment by the fan participating Major league baseball and MasterCard promotion. Hank Aaron breaking Babe Ruth's all-time home run record, Jackie Robinson becoming the first black to play in major league baseball, Mark McGwire breaking Roger Maris' single-season home run record and Lou Gehrig's farewell speech were also in the top five events selected by the fans.
2005-- For 14th time in World Series history, a walk off home run ends Game 2 as Scott Podsednik's ninth inning blast at Chicago's U.S. Cellular Field beats the Astros, 7-6. In 1960, Hall of Famer Bill Mazeroski was the first player to accomplish the feat as his game-ending homer makes the Pirates World Champions.
2005-- On the verge of the first World Series game in Texas, much to the chagrin of the Astros, MLB rules Houston must play Game 3 of the Fall Classic with its Minute Maid Park roof open. During the regular season, the team had a much better record (38-17) when ballpark was enclosed than in games started in open air (15-11) .
World Series Champions This Date
1910 Philadelphia Athletics
1993 Toronto Blue Jays
If you can keep your head when all about you
Kipling is said to have written the poem 'If' with Dr Leander Starr Jameson in mind, who led about five-hundred of his countrymen in a failed raid against the Boers, in southern Africa. The 'Jameson Raid' was later considered a major factor in starting the Boer War (1899-1902).
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