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Leasing News is a web site that posts information, news, and
entertainment for the commercial bank, finance and leasing industry

Wednesday, June 3, 2015

Today's Equipment Leasing Headlines
Archives, June 3, 2004 -- No More Brokers
  Colonial Pacific Leasing GE Capital
Leasing Companies and Individuals
May Sue Internet Posting for Libel

 by Tom McCurnin, Leasing News Legal Editor
Aggregate Funding Sources
(On Line: connects lessees, lessors, and vendors)
Leasing Portals
  (Finance/Leasing Sites)
Channel Partners---April’s Last 20 Deals
 Working Capital Loans from $10,000 to $250,000
Placard—Your Character
Leasing/Finance Industry Ads---Help Wanted
   Climb to the Top with Ascentium
Auto Sales Were So Strong in May
  Moved the Needle on GDP
  Why I Became a CLFP 
Now President, CLFP 2015 Board of Directors
CLFP Academy for Lease and Finance Professionals
   Three Opportunities
Patriot Capital Launches Financing Program
Leader to convenience-store & retail petroleum fueling industries
Labrador Retriever
Tualatin, Oregon  Adopt-a-Dog
Next Conference, China: June 10; then NAELB Sept.
NEFA, ELFA: October; AGLF, NAELB, CFA, NEFA: November

News Briefs---
VW Jetta leases as cheap as iPhone plans
  show company's U.S. travails
Vehicle Financing Reaching All Time High 67 Months
See You in 2020? Terms Hit New Highs in Q1
Digital Marketing Budgets in the Banking Industry
  Set to Explode
First Tennessee Bank fined $200 million
  Mortgage Backed Securities
Air Lease Corporation Announces Amendment & Extension
 of $2.66 Billion Senior Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility
Michigan negotiating with company to temporarily suspend
  lease on 23 unused commuter rail cars
Regulatory boost for rail tank car makers could be short lived
Leasing co.’s to decide buy new cars or $60,000 refurbishing costs
Russian lessor enters Chinese market
  Prediction China to Become Largest Leasing Market
Think you drink a lot? This chart will tell you.
  Where Are You in the Findings?

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (writer's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
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You May have Missed---
   SparkPeople--Live Healthier and Longer
    Sports Briefs---
      California Nuts Brief---
       "Gimme that Wine"    
          This Day in American History
           Daily Puzzle
               Weather, USA or specific area
                 Traffic Live----

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Archives: June 3, 2004 -- No More Brokers
Colonial Pacific Leasing GE Capital

“I have heard GE is completely exiting the Broker business.  All former
Colonial Pacific Leasing employees who moved their families to Chicago were given two week notices earlier this week."
   Name Withheld “

December, 2002, Colonial Pacific Leasing (CPL), which had been purchased by GE Capital in October, 1998, closed the original CPL Portland office, to move to Chicago to be under one roof with other GE purchases; 500 brokers paired down to top 75 producers/250 employees effected. No more business at Portland operation after December 14th, 2002.

 In the “small ticket” era of the 70's, 80's, and 90's, the leaders of this period were Advanta, Denrich, Foothill, IFG, Manifest, to name a few, but the most innovative and one that lasted the longest was Colonial Pacific Leasing, until they were purchase by General Electric Capital.

For the full story on the history of this company, go to:



Most of GE Capital is being sold off, as announced by its parent, General Electric, on April 10, 2015. The company made its intention to move away from the financial business and concentrate primarily on its industrial companies.

GE Capital's assets were $360 billionat year-end 2014, making it the seventh-largest bank in the United States. The original purpose was to offer financing for its equipment all over the world, making it perhaps the largest captive lessor, that then expanded its capabilities into factoring, lending, leasing, and then into banking. Perhaps changes to come in finance and leasing accounting, here and abroad, as well as tightening banking regulations and
tax consequences have played a role in the change of direction.

At this point, the bulk of GE Capital's real-estate assets are being sold to Blackstone; after the sale of the Canadian fleet to Element Financial in Toronto for $570 million Canadian dollars, there is speculation the sale of the remaining fleet assets in the US will be sold to Element Financial (who has just raised $2.78 billion.) Canada Pension Plan Investment Board is in talks to buy General Electric Co.’s U.S. private-equity lending business (Credit Suisse Group AG is reportedly helping arrange financing for a deal that would value the unit’s equity at more than $4 billion). Bidding is under way for $40 billion portion of U.S. commercial lending business, half of $74 billion U.S. commercial lending and leasing portfolio, including loans for equipment purchases and financing and leases for midsize firms. Many top GE Capital Executives have already left, and while the goal was to divest by 2017, many financial analysts believe the majority of assets could be sold and completed in 2016.

* GE Slogan Contest Winners



Leasing Companies and Individuals
 May Sue Internet Posting for Libel

by Tom McCurnin
Leasing News Legal Editor

Free Speech is One Thing, But Outright Lying
Can Subject an Internet Posting to a Libel Suit

Bently Reserve v Papaliolios,  218 Cal.App.4th 418 ( 2013).

How many local leasing companies and individuals have been subject to whackos posting all sorts of lies and misinformation about complaints on Internet sites?  This cannot be uncommon. Today’s case holds that people that publish outright factual lies, as opposed to opinions, may be subject to a libel suit. The facts follow.

Christopher and Amber Bently bought a home on Nob Hill in 2005 through their company, Bently Reserve. Ultimately they moved into the building.

The building had a tenant by the name of Andreas Papaliolios, who ultimately moved out in 2008. In 2012, four years after leaving the building, Papaliolios made a series of postings on “Yelp,” claiming that the owners were sociopathic narcissists, their behavior caused the death of three tenants, and they have evicted 6 tenants. The posting went on to say that Papaliolios knew of these facts through personal knowledge.

The Bentlys sought to remove the postings from Yelp, which cooperated.  When the postings continued, the Bentlys sued Papaliolios for libel.

Papaliolios defended on three grounds. First, Papaliolios claimed the posting was factually accurate, but the Court quickly dispensed with this claim, because there were no evictions and no deaths. Second, Papaliolios claimed that the posting was merely his opinion, but the Court also dispensed with that claim, in that the posting stated that he knew of these facts of his own personal knowledge. Finally, Papaliolios claimed that he had a right to free speech, but the Court concluded that a person only has a right to free expression of opinion, not outright falsehoods. 

The lesson for those in the equipment leasing business?

First, if the lessor or third party originators finds that an Internet site is full of postings which are outright lies, then the lessor should consider fighting back to have the postings removed and for damages. The “Ripoff Report” is but one example where anyone with half a brain and a few fingers may post any and all lies imaginable. Indeed, there are services which can assist businesses in removing these libelous comments. 

Second, if the postings are not factual, you can fight back. But as Davy Crockett said, “Be always sure you're right — THEN GO AHEAD!”
Bently Case

Tom McCurnin is a partner at Barton, Klugman & Oetting
in Los Angeles, California.

Tom McCurnin
Barton, Klugman & Oetting
350 South Grand Ave.
Suite 2200
Los Angeles, CA 90071
Direct Phone: (213) 617-6129
Cell (213) 268-8291
Visit our web site at
Previous Tom McCurnin Articles:

Previous Tom McCurnin Articles:



Aggregate Funding Sources
(On Line: connects lessees, lessors, and vendors)

Fifteen years ago, when the internet was exploring business connections, there were over thirty “Aggregate Funding Websites” that connected third party originators with funders.  They came and went out of business.  There is only one internet “Aggregate Funders.”

“Our company goal is for the Capital Relay Network to connect brokers
and lenders in real time.  At the click of a button and at no cost to the user, brokers will have access to hundreds of lenders (traditional and non-traditional) and lenders will receive only deals that fit their criteria.  All transactions are document on the funding source’s documents.”

The Web Site claims a current network of 720 brokers…Current network of 118 lenders.

The site has training videos for new lender sign up and new broker sign up.



Leasing Portals
(Over 4,000 Finance/Leasing Sites)

Perhaps the earliest such portals date to when Netscape came on line. Today Google, Yahoo, Opera, Bing, and others provide these searches for free. Portals led those seeking leasing and loans direct to sources. Only one appears active on the Internet today.

The website states "Search over 4,000 sources of Business Finance and get your free matched list in seconds"

The main page touts small business loans:

Small Business Loans    2,105 sources
Equipment Finance         317 sources
Working Capital             192 sources

Equity Investments      1,121 sources
Commercial Finance         178 sources
Commercial Mortgages     232 sources


(Leasing News provides this ad as a trade for appraisals and equipment valuations provided by Ed Castagna)






Leasing/Finance Industry Ads---Help Wanted
Climb to the Top with Ascentium



Auto Sales Were So Strong in May
Moved the Needle on GDP
by Myles Udland

May auto sales crushed expectations.

In May, the pace of auto sales in the US rose to a seasonally adjusted annualized rate of 17.79 million vehicles according to Autodata, a new post-recession high and the fastest pace in almost 10 years.

Economists had expected sales to come in at a pace of 17.3 million. In May, all of the major carmakers reported better-than-expected sales increases or smaller-than-expected declines.

In a note to clients following the report, Jesse Hurwitz, an economist at Barclays, said, "We have been looking for a bounce back in consumption growth following the puzzlingly weak April data and today's sales reports from auto manufacturers suggest these gains are starting to materialize."

The increase was so substantial, in fact, it moved the needle on Barclays' GDP tracking estimate.

On Tuesday, Barclays increased its estimate for second quarter GDP to 2.6% from an earlier estimate of as low as 2.3% after Monday's personal income and spending report.

This week is chock full of economic data, including the all-important May jobs report on Friday, and so these estimates are likely to change.

But on Tuesday, the auto industry is sending a seriously strong signal about the US economy.


Why I Became a CLFP
Now President, CLFP 2015 Board of Directors

Brian Schonfeld, CLFP
Project & Information Manager
Pawnee Leasing
(A Chesswood Group Limited Company)

I began my career in commercial equipment leasing straight out of college, and it remains the only industry I have ever worked in or known. I started working for a small Broker/Lessor, Genesis Commercial Capital out of Irvine, California, over a decade ago; and Genesis’s President Greg Rieke was a CLP* and a big influence on my early leasing career. He was very knowledgeable about the industry as a whole, and well respected by the bank partners we worked with as well as other brokers. He struck me as the consummate professional, and I attributed a lot of that professionalism to his CLP designation. Although as a newcomer to the industry and unable to sit for the CLP examination for another five years (today it is a three year minimum); the fact that there was an industry designation I could earn was a motivator for me to learn and earn my CLP as soon as I was able.

Fast forward five years working as an account and portfolio manager, and I had just been hired as a new marketing representative for Pawnee Leasing Corporation in Fort Collins, Colorado. I was now eligible to sit for the exam, and Pawnee’s President Gary Souverein was extremely supportive of the idea. He thought having a CLP represent Pawnee would be a great asset to the company, and he was anxious for Pawnee Leasing Corporation to join the ranks of the CLP employers. If I was successful in passing the exam, I would be the first CLP in Pawnee’s then 25+ year history.

*(Note: Name was changed January, 2015 to Certified Leasing and Finance Professional - CLFP)

Not only did earning my CLFP certification help my position in the leasing industry, but it also shaped my work ethic and gave me the confidence to go back to school. And I’m proud to announce that in May, 2012, I graduated from Colorado State University with my Master’s Degree in Business Administration.

Rather than attending an Institute for Leasing Professionals (ILP), I self-studied for the exam as well as attending a Certified Lease Professional (CLP) master review class that was hosted by the United Association of Equipment Leasing (now National Equipment Finance Association) at their Annual Conference and Exposition. My experience in sales and portfolio management provided a great background for a good portion of the exam, and I found myself breezing through many sections of the handbook. However like many people, I soon hit the brakes when I started studying the financial and tax accounting section! I think learning how to create a balance sheet and income statement for both a capital and operating lease took more time than anything else. Needless to say I passed, and am proud to say I’m still Pawnee Leasing Corporation’s only CLP.

Passing my CLP exam was a big accomplishment. In addition to being the first CLP in the storied history of Pawnee Leasing Corporation, my designation gave me confidence in dealing with both our current and new broker customers. I felt secure in the knowledge that they would be able to instantly recognize me as an industry expert, and they could expect their marketing representative to be able to thoroughly and accurately answer any questions they may have. Additionally, it gave me the confidence to get more involved in the industry, knowing that I was part of a select group of members who had publically demonstrated their knowledge of and commitment to the leasing industry.

I’d advise anyone who is thinking of sitting for the CFP to stop hesitating and sign up. The pass rate is over 80% and the exam can be taken confidentially if you’re worried about passing. We have mentors to help you, and can usually proctor an exam at your office location if you can’t make one of the scheduled exams. The knowledge, confidence, and relationships you will gain will be more than worth the time and effort you put in to obtaining your CLFP designation!

Why I Became a CLP series:


((Please Click on Bulletin Board to learn more information))
(Leasing News provides this ad “gratis” as a means
to help support the growth of Lease Police)


CLFP Academy for Lease and Finance Professionals
Three Opportunities

The Academy for Lease & Finance Professionals (ALFP) is a new product offered by the CLFP Foundation.  This three day event is designed to fully prepare an individual to sit for the CLFP exam assuming that the candidate has read The Certified Lease & Finance Professionals' Handbook prior to attending.  All of the mandatory sections of the exam, as well as three of the elective sections, are covered in-depth during the first two days. On the third day, the exam is offered, but is not mandatory.
The Locations
Texas - June 18-20
Hosted by Ascentium Capital; more information here

New York - August 13-15
Hosted by First American Equipment Finance; more information here

Midwest (Iowa) - November 5-7
Hosted by GreatAmerica Financial Services; more information here

To register for any ALFP, please contact: Reid Raykovich, CLFP: or (206) 535-6281



##### Press Release ############################

Patriot Capital Launches Financing Program
Leader to convenience-store & retail petroleum fueling industries

ATLANTA -- Patriot Capital Corp., a leader in equipment financing solutions, has announced financing incentives starting at 1.9% for fuel retailers and convenience-store operators who wish to upgrade their dispenser and payment technologies using Gilbarco Veeder-Root products.

Parker Burke
Director of Payment/Market Applications
Gilbarco Veeder-Root

“Many of Gilbarco’s customers are looking at the EMV [Europay, MasterCard and Visa] migration as an opportunity not only to enable better security for their customers, but also to implement technologies that will improve their consumers’ fueling experience and drive more traffic to their sites,” said Parker Burke, director of payment and market applications for Gilbarco Veeder-Root.

Patriot’s partnership with Gilbarco offers equipment-financing rates of 1.9% on a 24-month equipment financing term. Rates also are available on 36-month (3.9%) and 60-month (5.9%) financing terms for the Encore 700 series dispensers. For customers who select the Applause TV media solution, the 60-month rate drops to 4.9%.

Chris Santy
Patriot Capital

“Fuel retailers need to have a marketing technology plan, and Gilbarco Veeder-Root has a wonderful array of equipment packages that will quickly address these needs,” Patriot Capital president Chris Santy said. “With both the EMV in-store deadline and interest-rate increases expected in the near future, we are pleased to offer low-cost financing solutions now, so fuel marketers can obtain the equipment they need, with a minimal amount of hassle and maximum amount of flexibility.”

Gilbarco Veeder-Root, Greensboro, N.C., is a technology leader for gas-station, convenience-store and commercial fueling operations. It offers a broad range of integrated solutions from the forecourt to the convenience store and head office.

Atlanta-based Patriot Capital provides equipment financing to retailers in the convenience-store and retail petroleum fueling industries. It is a leading provider of capital equipment financing and leasing to National Association of Convenience Stores (NACS), Petroleum Marketers Association of America (PMAA) and Society of Independent Gasoline Marketers of America (SIGMA) members.

### Press Release ############################


Labrador Retriever
Tualatin, Oregon  Adopt-a-Dog

5-6 Years old

"My name is Gris. I am a 5-6 month old, male, Labrador. I weigh around 35 pounds already. My litter mates and I were an accidental litter by a family with 2 labs. They kept us to try to find us homes, but they couldn't find any and now we are very shy and under socialized. I am the shyest one of the group and will need a dog experienced home with no small children. I really like other dogs. ODR will require we go to obedience classes.

"My adoption fee is $350. All family members are required to meet me to adopt me!

"Our facility is located at 6700 SW Nyberg St., Tualatin, OR 97062. Our number is 503-612-0111."

Oregon Dog Rescue
6700 SW Nyberg St.
Tualatin, OR 97062


Adopt a Pet



Next Conference, China: June 10; then NAELB September
  NEFA, ELFA: October; AGLF, NAELB, CFA, NEFA:  November

Leasing Conferences 2015
Save the Date 

8th China Leasing Summit 2015
June 10-12, 2015
Crowne Plaza Beijing Chaoyang U-Town.

The event is strongly supported by leading companies 
and international leasing association.

The China Leasing Summit is based on over 10 years’ of research into the Chinese leasing industry and will provide an effective platform on which attendees can familiarize themselves with the current status of the market and the latest policies and regulations in order to gain a better understanding of China’s leasing market, thereby optimizing their development strategies. Furthermore, speakers from the government, as well as from the leading leasing companies, will share their invaluable experiences and opinions on the state of China’s leasing industry.

For more information, please go here:



2015 Eastern Regional Meeting
September 11-12, 2015
Atlanta Marriott Marquis
Atlanta, GA




2015 Funding Symposium
10/7/2015 to 10/9/2015
Wed through Friday
J W Marriott Atlanta Buckhead Hotel
3300 Lenox Road Northeast
Atlanta, Georgia  30326
United States
Contact: Kim King 
Phone: 847-380-5053

RSVP for this event:



2015 54th Annual Convention
10/25/2015 - 10/27/2015
JW Marriott Hill Country
San Antonio, TX

Call for Presentations
(Submission Deadline June 22, 2015)


The 2015 Fall Conference will be held at the Loews Don CeSar Hotel in St. Pete Beach, FL on November 4 through November 6, 2015. 



2015 Western Regional Meeting
November 13-14, 2015
Doubletree by Hilton Anaheim - Orange County
Anaheim, CA



71st Annual Convention
November 11 - 13, 2015
JW Marriott Austin
Austin, TX



EXPO NJ Super Regional
11/15/2015 to 11/16/2015

Teaneck Marriott at Glenpointe
100 Frank Burr Blvd
Teaneck, New Jersey  07666
United States  

 Kim King, NEFA Sr. Association Coordinator 
 Phone: (847) 380-5053


News Briefs----

VW Jetta leases as cheap as iPhone plans
  show company's U.S. travails

Vehicle Financing Reaching All Time High 67 Months
See You in 2020? Terms Hit New Highs in Q1

Digital Marketing Budgets in the Banking Industry
  Set to Explode 

First Tennessee Bank fined $200 million
  Mortgage Backed Securities

Air Lease Corporation Announces Amendment & Extension
 of $2.66 Billion Senior Unsecured Revolving Credit Facility

Michigan negotiating with company to temporarily suspend
   lease on 23 unused commuter rail cars

Regulatory boost for rail tank car makers could be short lived
Leasing co.’s to decide buy new cars or $60,000 refurbishing costs

Russian lessor enters Chinese market
  Prediction China to Become Largest Leasing Market Place

Think you drink a lot? This chart will tell you.
  Where Are You in the Findings?


Receivables Management LLC
John Kenny

• End of Lease Negotiations & Enforcement 
• Third-Party Commercial Collections | ph 315-866-1167

(Leasing News provides this ad as a trade for investigative
reporting provided by John Kenny)



--You May Have Missed It

Per Pupil Spending Varies Heavily Across the United States


SparkPeople--Live Healthier and Longer

10 Cocktails with 150 Calories or Less


Baseball Poem

Baseball Canto

Lawrence Ferlinghetti

Watching baseball, sitting in the sun, eating popcorn,
reading Ezra Pound,
and wishing that Juan Marichal would hit a hole right through the
Anglo-Saxon tradition in the first Canto
and demolish the barbarian invaders.
When the San Francisco Giants take the field
and everybody stands up for the National Anthem,
with some Irish tenor's voice piped over the loudspeakers,
with all the players struck dead in their places
and the white umpires like Irish cops in their black suits and little
black caps pressed over their hearts,
Standing straight and still like at some funeral of a blarney bartender,
and all facing east,
as if expecting some Great White Hope or the Founding Fathers to
appear on the horizon like 1066 or 1776.

But Willie Mays appears instead,
in the bottom of the first, and a roar goes up as he clouts the first one into the sun and takes off, like a foot runner from Thebes.
The ball is lost in the sun and maidens wail after him
as he keeps running through the Anglo-Saxon epic.
And Tito Fuentes comes up looking like a bullfighter
in his tight pants and small pointy shoes.
And the right field bleachers go mad with Chicanos and blacks and Brooklyn beer-drinkers,
"Tito! Sock it to him, sweet Tito!"
And sweet Tito puts his foot in the bucket
and smacks one that don't come back at all,
and flees around the bases like he's escaping from the United Fruit Company.
As the gringo dollar beats out the pound.
And sweet Tito beats it out like he's beating out sury,
not to mention fascism and anti-Semitism.
And Juan Marichal comes up, and the Chicano bleachers go loco again, as Juan belts the first ball out of sight, and rounds first and keeps going
and rounds second and rounds third,
and keeps going and hits pay dirt
to the roars of the grungy populace.
As some nut presses the backstage panic button
for the tape-recorded National Anthem again,
to save the situation.

But it don't stop nobody this time,
in their revolution round the loaded white bases,
in this last of the great Anglo-Saxon epics,
in the territorial libre of Baseball.




Sports Briefs----

Sepp Blatter to Resign as FIFA President

Blatter’s Fall Leads to Rejoicing Online From His Critics

Ray McDonald's ex claims former 49er repeatedly attacked her  

Grant Cohn: Colin Kaepernick’s offseason — valuable lessons or waste of time?

Carson site cost Chargers, Raiders $22M
Details released as San Diego, Chargers begin negotiations

Vikings welcome Adrian Peterson 'with open arms unequivocally'

Roger Goodell denies NFLPA's request he recuse himself from Tom Brady's appeal


California Nuts Briefs---

Drought saps $2.7 billion from California economy

California farmers to fallow 560,000 acres of crops this year

California drought: Californians cut water use 13.5 percent in April, an improvement, but still short of governor's 25 percent target

Space for up to 5,000 workers in Santa Clara, CA
 to be Leased by Palo Alto Network


“Gimme that Wine”

A Tribute to George Starke: A Napa Valley Institution.
 A Napa Valley Original

Lynch Bages trials tool to monitor wine inside barrels

Longtime wineries to pour vintage Merlot at Celebrate Walla Walla

Creating bold Zinfandels sourced from Lodi grapes

The Five California Vineyards You Need to Know

Tim McEnery---Cooper's Hawk Winery & Restaurant

Free Mobile Wine Program

Wine Prices by vintage

US/International Wine Events

Leasing News Wine & Spirits Page


This Day in American History

     1539 - Hernando De Soto claimed Florida for Spain.
    1540 – De Soto became the first European to cross the Appalachian Mountains.
    1621 - The Dutch West India Company received a charter for New Netherlands, now known as New York.
    1770 - Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo was founded as the second California mission to the Indians.
    1781 - Jack Jouett (1754-1822) made a heroic 45-mile ride on horseback during the night of June 3-4, to warn Virginia Governor Thomas Jefferson and the legislature that the British were coming. Jouett rode from a tavern in Louisa County to Charlottesville, VA, in about 6½ hours, arriving at Jefferson's home at dawn on June 4. Lieutenant Colonel Tarleton's British forces raided Charlottesville, but Jouett's warning gave the Americans time to escape.
    1784 - Congress formally created the United States Army to replace the disbanded Continental Army. On June 14, 1775, the Second Continental Congress had created the Continental Army for purposes of common defense and this event is considered to be the birth of the United States Army.
     1800 - John Adams, the second president of the United States, becomes the first president to reside in Washington, D.C., when he takes up residence at Union Tavern in Georgetown. The city of Washington was created to replace Philadelphia as the nation's capital because of its geographical position in the center of the existing new republic. The states of Maryland and Virginia ceded land around the Potomac River to form the District of Columbia, and work began on Washington in 1791. French architect Charles L'Enfant designed the city's radical layout, full of dozens of circles, crisscross avenues, and plentiful parks.
    1808 - Birthday of Jefferson Davis (1808-89) at Todd County, KY. American statesman, US Senator, and only president of the Confederate States of America. Imprisoned May 10, 1865-May 13, 1867, but never brought to trial, deprived of rights of citizenship after the Civil War. His citizenship was restored, posthumously, October 17, 1978, when President Carter signed an Amnesty Bill. This bill, he said, “officially completes the long process of reconciliation that has reunited our people following the tragic conflict between the states. “ Davis' birthday anniversary is observed in Florida, Kentucky, and South Carolina on this day, in Alabama on the first Monday in June and in Mississippi on the last Monday in May. Davis's birth anniversary is observed as Confederate Memorial Day in Tennessee.  US highway 1 is Jefferson Davis Highway in Alexandria, VA.
    1851 - First Baseball Uniforms: The Knickerbocker Base Ball Club of New York City donned the sport's first uniforms: straw hats, blue full-length trousers and white shirts.
    1856 - Cullen Whipple of Providence, RI obtained a patent for a screw machine to make pointed screws. Prior to this invention, screws were blunt on their threaded ends, and it was necessary to bore a hole in order to insert them.
    1856 - Gov. Johnson proclaimed San Francisco in a state of insurrection because of Committee of Vigilance activities, and ordered all persons subject to military duty to report to Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman to quell the insurrection.
    1860 - The Great Comanche Tornado began its deadly trek near Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and ended its journey over Lake Michigan. 175 people lost their lives and 329 were injured. The town of Comanche, Iowa, on the Mississippi River, was destroyed. Total damage was 945,000 dollars (note - 1860 dollars).
    1861 – In the first Civil War land battle, the Union defeated the Confederacy at Philippi, WV.
    1862 - Haiti and Liberia were recognized as nations by the United States.
    1863 - Gen. Lee, with 75,000 Confederates, launched a second invasion of the North. Lee led his troops into Maryland and then Pennsylvania, to meet the Army of the Potomac again, this time around a small town called Gettysburg.
    1864 – Birthday of Ransom Olds (1864-1950) in Geneva, OH.  A pioneer of the automotive industry for whom both the Oldsmobile and REO brands were named, he claimed to have built his first steam car as early as 1894 and his first gasoline–powered car in 1896. The modern assembly line and its basic concept are credited to Olds, who used it to build the first mass-produced automobile, the Oldsmobile Curved Dashboard, beginning in 1901.
    1864 - Battle of Cold Harbor. Although Confederate General Robert E. Lee had placed his troops behind considerable breastworks, Union General Ulysses S. Grant launched an all-out attack on the Southern army. More than 7,000 Federal troops were killed within a half hour of the battle on the first attack. General Lee won his last victory over Union forces, numbering 108,000 against 59,000. 1500 Confederate troops were also killed. In an eight–minute period, more men fell in an assault on entrenched Confederate troops than in any other like period of time. After a second unsuccessful attack, Grant's orders for a third assault were all but ignored. Grant had new and ill-trained troops, and his battle plan was not carried out by his officers. Compounding this was the battlefield tradition held that the first commander who sought a truce in order to tend to the wounded was the loser. Grant refused to admit defeat by seeking such a truce and the wounded were left on the ground for three days following the battle. General Lee also refused to be the first to go after his wounded, and therefore thousands of wounded men from both sides died either from their wounds, hunger, thirst or exposure. Between May 7 and June 3, federal losses were 50,000 men, Confederate 32,000. The North could replace its losses fully, especially paying for troops, many of them immigrants from Europe, but the South could not.
(Bottom half of )
    1877 - Elizabeth Fires Lummis Ellet (1818-77) died in NYC.  She was an author and historian who used primary and direct research for her monumental three-volume “Women of the American Revolution” (1848), and the “Pioneers of the American West” (1852) as well as other books about women.
    1884 - The first national political convention of a major party, presided over by an African-American, met in the Exposition Building, Chicago, IL. John Roy Lynch, an African-American politician who has served three terms as a congressman from Mississippi, was nominated for temporary chairman of the Republican Party by Henry Cabot Lodge. The nomination was supported by Theodore Roosevelt and George William Curtis, and was carried by a vote of 424 for Lynch to 384 for Powell Clayton. The convention nominated James Gillespie Blaine for President and General John Alexander Logan for Vice President.  On November 4th, Grover Cleveland was elected President of the United Sates and Thomas A. Hendricks was elected Vice-President. The electoral vote was Cleveland, 219, James G. Blaine, Republican of Maine, 182. The popular vote was Cleveland, 4,911,017 and Blaine 4,848,224. A very interesting presidential election as it was fought mainly with attacks on the reputation of the rival candidates. The Republican candidate, James G. Blaine, on the basis of letters he had written, was accused of having profited from the Credit Moblier scandal involving the building of the Union Pacific Railroad. His opponents sang: “Blaine, Blaine, James G. Blaine, the continual liar from the state of Maine.” The Democratic candidate, Grover Cleveland, was accused of having fathered an illegitimate child, which in his forthright manner, he admitted. The turning point of the election was a remark made on October 9 by the Rev. Samuel D. Burchard in New York, in the presence of Blaine, that the Democrats were the party of “Rum, Romanism and Rebellion.” Blaine did not disavow the remark, and the Irish-American Roman Catholics of New York were outraged. Cleveland carried the state by 1149 votes and thereby won the election. In 1888, President Grover Cleveland did not campaign, saying it was beneath the dignity of the office of the president. Benjamin Harrison, the Republican candidate, brought the front porch campaign to its peak, and won.

    1871 – Jesse James and his gang robbed the Obocock Bank, Corydon, Iowa of $15,000.
    1880 - Alexander Graham Bell transmitted the first wireless telephone message on his newly-invented "photophone.” The photophone functioned similarly to the telephone, except the photophone used light as a means of projecting the information, while the telephone relied on electricity.
    1886 - Grover Cleveland became the first U.S. President to get married in the White House. He exchanged vows with his bride, Florence Folsom. His bride was 27 years his junior. While he ran for a second term, he did not campaign, but stayed in the White House with his young bride. He lost. But he ran again in 1892, this time, he campaigned, and he won. The only president to lose his office and then win it back again.
    1888 - "Casey at the Bat", by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, first appears in print, in the San Francisco Examiner. Thayer and the Examiner’s owner, William Randolph Hearst, were Harvard classmates.
    1889 - The first long-distance electric power transmission line in the United States was completed, running 14 miles between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, OR.
    1902 – St. Louis Cardinals P Mike O’Neill hit the first pinch grand slam ever in the majors, against the Boston Beaneaters. He also becomes the first pitcher in the National League to hit a grand slam in the 20th century.
    1904 - Birthday of Charles Drew (1904-50) at Washington, DC.  Physician who discovered how to store blood plasma and who organized the blood bank system in the US and UK during World War II. He was killed in an automobile accident near Burlington, NC, April 1, 1950.
    1906 - Birthday of Josephine Baker (1906-75), born Freda Josephine McDonald in St. Louis, Missouri.   She moved to France because she was a black Lesbian and received better acceptance in Europe.  The very popular Parisian chanteuse known as "Le Jazz Hot" was a heroine of French resistance in World War II.  She received Legion d'Honneur and the rarer Medaille de la Resistance from French President Charles de Gaulle for her work during World War II on behalf of France. She acted as a courier when she toured North Africa and other places as she sang and performed for Allied troops. She adopted 19 children, all from different nationalities. In later life, when her money ran out and she was evicted from her home in France, Princess Grace of Monaco (formerly Grace Kelly of Philadelphia and Hollywood) gave her a villa in Monaco and financed her new act “Josephine '75” to celebrate her 50 years in Paris. She died in her sleep after 14 performances. After the war, she had returned to the U.S. to try again but faced such racial discrimination for her act at the Stork Club that she returned to France where she was an honored entertainer and admired hero.
    1910 – Paulette Goddard (1910-90) was born in Queens or Long Island.  A Ziegfeld Girl, she became a major star of Paramount in the 1940s. Her most notable films were her first major role, as Charlie Chaplin’s leading lady in “Modern Times”, and Chaplin's subsequent film “The Great Dictator”. She was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress for her performance in “So Proudly We Hail” (1943).
    1911 - Jean Harlow (1911-37) was born Harlean Harlow Carpenter in Kansas City, MO.  She was the original blond sex-queen of Hollywood who was haunted by a chaotic private life. She died when her mother, as an abiding by Christian Scientist, refused to send her to a hospital for kidney failure. Her kidneys had been injured by a former husband who then shot himself. Her persona in the movies was a wise-cracking blond bombshell with a heart of gold.
    1911 - Birthday of trumpet player Yank Lawson (1911-95), Trenton, Mo.
    1911 - "Come Josephine in My Flying Machine" hit #1.
    1916 - Gloria Martin (1916-95) was born.  Seattle author and militant socialist-feminist who attempted to weld the two into one movement through “Radical Women” (1967). The working mother of eight, she fought for poor women, women of color, abortion rights, etc., in an unabashed manner that called for women to train and organize to get their needs taken care of.
    1916 – The National Defense Act established the Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) and increased the size of the National Guard by 450,000 men.
    1916 - The first Jewish Supreme Court Justice, Louis Dembitz Brandeis of Boston, MA, was sworn in two days after receiving Senate confirmation.  He served until 1939.
    1916 – One of the Bowery Boys, Leo Gorcey (1916-69), was born in NYC.  He became famous for portraying on film the leader of the group of young hooligans known variously as the Dead End Kids, The East Side Kids, and The Bowery Boys.
    1918 – The Supreme Court, in Hammer v. Dagenhart, ruled child labor laws unconstitutional.
    1920 - John Lewis’ (1920-2001) birthday in LaGrange, IL.  Jazz pianist, composer and arranger, best known as the musical director of the Modern Jazz Quartet.
    1921 - A cloudburst near Pikes Peak, CO killed 120 people. Pueblo, CO was flooded by a twenty-five foot crest of the Arkansas River, killing 70 persons. Fourteen inches of rain was reported at Boggs Flat, where a hard surface road through nearly level country was washed out to a depth of seven feet
    1924 – Jimmy Rogers (1924-97) was born in Ruleville, MS.  A Chicago blues singer, guitarist and harmonica player, he is best known for his work as a member of Muddy Waters’' band of the 1950s. He also had solo hits on the R&B chart with "That's All Right" in 1950 and "Walking by Myself" in 1954.
    1925 – Tony Curtis (1925-2010) was born Bernard Schwartz in The Bronx.  A film actor whose career spanned six decades, he had his greatest popularity during the 1950s and early 1960s. He acted in more than 100 films in roles covering a wide range of genres, from light comedy to serious drama. In his later years, Curtis made numerous television appearances.  Among his work:  “The Sweet Smell of Success”, “The Defiant Ones”, “Some Like It Hot”, “Spartacus”, “The Boston Strangler”.  Among his children is actress Jamie Lee Curtis, born to Curtis and then-wife Janet Leigh.
    1925 – Eddie Collins became the sixth Major Leaguer to get 3,000 hits.
    1925 - Goodyear airship "Pilgrim" made its first flight, the first with an enclosed cabin.
1926 - Birthday of Allen Ginsberg (1926-97), Newark, NJ. Poet of the Beat Generation (“Howl”).    
    1927 - Birthday of tenor saxophonist Boots Randolph (1927-2007), Paducah, KY.  Best known for his 1963 saxophone hit "Yakety Sax", which became Benny Hill’s signature tune, Randolph was a major part of the "Nashville Sound" for most of his professional career.
    1929 – Chuck Barris was born in Philadelphia.  He is best known for hosting “The Gong Show” and creating “The Dating Game” and “The Newlywed Game”. He is also a songwriter, who wrote the hit "Palisades Park” for Freddy ‘Boom-Boom’ Cannon, and the author of “Confessions of a Dangerous Mind, his autobiography, which became a film directed by George Clooney.
    1932 - Birthday of vocalist Dakota Staton, Pittsburgh, Pa
    1932 - Lou Gehrig became the first American League player to hit four home runs in one game, doing so in a 20-13 New York Yankees victory over the Philadelphia Athletics. Gehrig hit his homers in four straight at bats and narrowly missed a fifth. His teammate, Tony Lazzeri, hit for the cycle.
    1936 - Bestselling novelist Larry McMurtry was born in Archer City, Texas.  He is known for his 1975 novel “Terms of Endearment”, his 1985 Pulitzer Prize-winning novel “Lonesome Dove”, a historical saga that follows ex-Texas Rangers as they drive their cattle from the Rio Grande to a new home in the frontier of Montana.  He also co-wrote the adapted screenplay for “Brokeback Mountain”. “Lonesome Dove” was adapted into a television miniseries and both the films of “Term of Endearment” and “Brokeback Mountain” won Academy awards.
    1937 – Negro Leaguer and Baseball Hall of Fame catcher Josh Gibson almost hit one out of Yankee Stadium, coming within 2 feet of the roof.
    1942 - Curtis Mayfield (1942-99), a driving force in black music as singer, writer, producer and record company owner, was born in Chicago. Mayfield formed the Impressions in the late 1950's with singer Jerry Butler. When their first single, "For Your Precious Love," was a huge hit in 1958, Butler left for a solo career and Mayfield joined him as a guitarist. Mayfield reformed the Impressions in 1961, and led the group during its greatest years. He wrote many of their hits, including their biggest, "It's All Right," in 1963. Mayfield left the Impressions in 1970 and formed his own record and publishing company, Curtom. He had the biggest hit of his career in 1972 with the soundtrack to the film "Superfly." It made number one on the Billboard chart. Mayfield was paralyzed in 1990 when a light standard fell on him before a concert.
    1943 - A mob of 60 from the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beat up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting the week-long Zoot Suit Riots.
    1944 - *JOHNSON, ELDEN H., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Valmontone, Italy, 3 June 1944. Entered service at: East Weymouth, Mass. Birth: Bivalve, N.J. G.O. No.: 38, 16 May 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. Pvt. Johnson elected to sacrifice his life in order that his comrades might extricate themselves from an ambush. Braving the massed fire of about 60 riflemen, 3 machineguns, and 3 tanks from positions only 25 yards distant, he stood erect and signaled his patrol leader to withdraw. The whole area was brightly illuminated by enemy flares. Then, despite 20mm. machineguns, machine pistol, and rifle fire directed at him, Pvt. Johnson advanced beyond the enemy in a slow deliberate walk. Firing his automatic rifle from the hip, he succeeded in distracting the enemy and enabled his 12 comrades to escape. Advancing to within 5 yards of a machinegun, emptying his weapon, Pvt. Johnson killed its crew. Standing in full view of the enemy he reloaded and turned on the riflemen to the left, firing directly into their positions. He either killed or wounded 4 of them. A burst of machinegun fire tore into Pvt. Johnson and he dropped to his knees. Fighting to the very last, he steadied himself on his knees and sent a final burst of fire crashing into another German. With that he slumped forward dead. Pvt. Johnson had willingly given his life in order that his comrades might live. These acts on the part of Pvt. Johnson were an inspiration to the entire command and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the armed forces .
    1945 - Captured maps of German minefields are distributed to all Allied governments, in Europe, by SHAEF. These maps are from the collection of approximately 4 tons of such maps captured by US 7th Army in Bavaria.
    1945 - CHRISTIAN, HERBERT F., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Private, U.S. Army, 15th Infantry, 3d Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Valmontone, Italy, 2-3 June 1944. Entered service at: Steubenville, Ohio. Birth: Byersville, Ohio. G.O. No.: 43, 30 May 1945. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at risk of life above and beyond the call of duty. On 2-3 June 1944, at 1 a.m., Pvt. Christian elected to sacrifice his life in order that his comrades might extricate themselves from an ambush. Braving massed fire of about 60 riflemen, 3 machineguns, and 3 tanks from positions only 30 yards distant, he stood erect and signaled to the patrol to withdraw. The whole area was brightly illuminated by enemy flares. Although his right leg was severed above the knee by cannon fire, Pvt. Christian advanced on his left knee and the bloody stump of his right thigh, firing his submachinegun. Despite excruciating pain, Pvt. Christian continued on his self-assigned mission. He succeeded in distracting the enemy and enabled his 12 comrades to escape. He killed 3 enemy soldiers almost at once. Leaving a trail of blood behind him, he made his way forward 20 yards, halted at a point within 10 yards of the enemy, and despite intense fire killed a machine-pistol man. Reloading his weapon, he fired directly into the enemy position. The enemy appeared enraged at the success of his ruse, concentrated 20-mm. machinegun, machine-pistol and rifle fire on him, yet he refused to seek cover. Maintaining his erect position, Pvt. Christian fired his weapon to the very last. Just as he emptied his submachine gun, the enemy bullets found their mark and Pvt. Christian slumped forward dead. The courage and spirit of self-sacrifice displayed by this soldier were an inspiration to his comrades and are in keeping with the highest traditions of the armed forces.
    1945 - Top Hits
“Laura” - The Woody Herman Orchestra
“Dream” - The Pied Pipers
“Sentimental Journey” - The Les Brown Orchestra (vocal: Doris Day)
“At Mail Call Today” - Gene Autry
    1946 - Supreme Court bans segregation on interstate buses.
The court rules that Negro passengers cannot be forced to sit at the back of buses. In 1947, April 9-23, Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) sponsors an interstate bus ride to test the ruling — Bayard Rustin, Fellowship of Reconciliation, Igal Roodenko, Joseph Felmet get arrested and serve 30 days on a chain gang. This is a particularly dangerous period in the US: lynchings in the south approach 1918 levels as Negro G.I.s return and talk of getting the rights they fought for.
    1946 – In Paris, the first bikini was displayed.
    1946 – The International Military Tribunal opened in Tokyo against 28 Japanese war criminals.
    1949 - The first African-American Naval Academy graduate was Ensign Wesley Anthony Brown of Washington, DC.
    1949 – “Dragnet” was first broadcast on radio station KFI, Los Angeles.
    1949 - Elvis Presley, still an 8th grader, received his final grades for the year at Humes High School, including an "A" in language but only a "C" in music.  Four years later to the day, he would graduate.
    1952 – Hoping to make a comeback, Frank Sinatra recorded the classic "Birth of the Blues" for Columbia Records. It would not be until he went to Capital Records and recorded with Nelson Riddle, among others, as Eddie Fisher was the pop idol of the day.
    1953 – Alexander Joy Cartwright was officially credited by Congress as the founder of baseball.
    1953 - Top Hits
“Song from Moulin Rouge” - The Percy Faith Orchestra
“I Believe” - Frankie Laine
“April in Portugal” - The Les Baxter Orchestra
“Take These Chains from My Heart” - Hank Williams
    1956 - Buddy Holly sees the John Wayne movie “The Searchers” and gains some song writing inspiration when Wayne utters the line "that'll be the day."
    1957 – At Forbes Field in Pittsburgh, one of Willie Mays’ greatest catches came at the expense of his rival, Roberto Clemente. Clemente hit a ball that seemed headed towards a light tower in left center more than 440 feet from home plate. Mays leapt high against the screen and made a glove-twisting catch. Most observers thought the ball had bounced off the screen.
    1959 - Billboard Magazine splits its album chart into two separate sections: Best Selling Stereophonic LPs and Best Selling Monophonic LPs.
    1959 – The first US Air Force Academy graduation in Colorado Springs, Colorado.
    1960 - Clarence Gideon is arrested and charged with breaking into a poolroom in Florida. The appeal of Gideon's subsequent conviction led to the establishment of one of the chief principles of American criminal justice. Due to Gideon's perseverance, every criminal suspect is entitled to representation by a lawyer. Now incorporated into what are known as our Miranda rights-"You have the right to speak to an attorney. If you can't afford one, one will be provided for you"-this information must be announced by every officer while making an arrest.  When Florida decided to retry Gideon for the poolroom burglary in 1963, he had an experienced lawyer at his trial. The attorney easily poked holes in the prosecution's flimsy case, and Gideon was acquitted. New York Times writer Anthony Lewis wrote the stirring account of how one poor man changed the entire system in his 1965 book, “Gideon's Trumpet”, which later became a movie starring Henry Fonda.
    1961 - Top Hits
“Travelin' Man” - Ricky Nelson
“Daddy's Home” - Shep & The Limelites
“Running Scared” - Roy Orbison
“Hello Walls” - Faron Young
    1965 - The first Astronaut to walk in space was Major Edward Higgins White, II, who opened the hatch of Gemini 4 at 3:42pm this day, stepped out into space at a 1230-mile altitude at 3:45pm and remained outside for 20 minutes until 4:05pm, attached to the craft by a 25-0foot tether. A hand-held 7.5 oxygen jet propulsion gun operated by pressure on a trigger gave him control over his movements. (The first human to walk in space was cosmonaut Aleksie A. Leonov, who stepped out of the Vokshad 2 spacecraft on March 18, 1965).   
    1967 - Aretha Franklin scores her first No. 1 hit with "Respect." She quickly followed it up with six more Top 10 singles, including "Chain of Fools" and "A Natural Woman." Franklin, the daughter of a Detroit minister, grew up singing gospel. She signed with Columbia Records in her early 20s. However, Columbia ignored her gospel roots and recorded her singing show tunes with large orchestras. Franklin broke through when she switched to Atlantic Records and began singing gospel-influenced blues, or soul, winning her the sobriquet, "Lady Soul." A hit on the pop charts as well as the R&B lists, she became one of the most influential singers in contemporary music.
    1968 - Poor People's Campaign March on Washington, DC, begins.
    1969 - Top Hits
“Get Back” - The Beatles
“Love (Can Make You Happy)” - Mercy
“Oh Happy Day” - The Edwin Hawkins' Singers
“Singing My Song” - Tammy Wynette
    1972 – The Eagles released “Take It Easy”.
    1977 - Top Hits
Sir Duke - Stevie Wonder
I'm Your Boogie Man - KC & The Sunshine Band
Dreams - Fleetwood Mac
Luckenbach, Texas (Back to the Basics of Love) - Waylon Jennings
    1978 - Johnny Mathis and Deniece Williams combined their singing talents to reach the number one spot on the nation's pop music charts with "Too Much, Too Little, Too Late".
    1978 – Davey Johnson became the first major leaguer to hit two pinch grand slams in a season as the Phillies beat the Dodgers, 5 - 1.
    1980 - A slow moving supercell thunderstorm produced 7 tornadoes in and around the Grand Island, Nebraska area in less than 3 hours. There was one tornado of F4 intensity and 3 were rated F3. 5 people were killed, 193 were injured, and total damage was 300 million dollars.
    1982 – Graceland was opened to the public.
    1985 - Apple Computer announced that chairman and cofounder Steve Jobs would no longer control the manufacturing and marketing of the Macintosh computer. The thirty-year-old Jobs had led the development team that designed the machine.  He would become very successful on his own, then came back to Apple and helped turn the company around.
    1985 - A group headed by Tom Benson, Jr., was approved to purchase the NFL New Orleans Saints from John W. Mecom, Jr.
    1985 - "American Health" magazine released a survey that indicated 52 percent of doctors claimed that no one really should need to eat red meat more than once or twice a week, and 72 percent said that a vegetarian diet was a passing fad. Walking and running, plus working out was also considered a fad.
    1985 - Top Hits
“Everything She Wants” - Wham!
“Everybody Wants to Rule the World” - Tears for Fears
“Axel F” - Harold Faltermeyer
“Don't Call Him a Cowboy” - Conway Twitty
    1987 - The Rock ‘n’ Roll Hall of Fame inducted its first female artist, Aretha Franklin.
    1989 - Longest NL Night Game: The Houston Astros defeated the Los Angeles Dodgers, 5-4, in 22 innings at the Astrodome. The longest night game by time in National League history, it lasted seven hours, 22 minutes.
    1995 - The first female West Point cadet to graduate at the top of her class was 21-year old Rebecca Marier of New Orleans, LA. She topped a class of 858 men and 130 women.
    1995 – Pedro Martinez of the Montreal Expos pitched nine perfect innings against San Diego before giving up a leadoff double to Bip Roberts in the 10th inning of the Expos' 1-0 win.  Martinez became the second pitcher in history, after Harvey Haddix, to have a perfect game broken up in extra innings.
    2003 - Yankees shortstop Derek Jeter is named the 11th captain in club history.  The 28-year old joins Hal Chase (1912), Roger Peckinpaugh (1914-21), Babe Ruth (1922), Everett Scott (1922), Lou Gehrig (1935-41), Thurman Munson (1976-79), Graig Nettles (1982-84), co-captains Willie Randolph and Ron Guidry (1986-89), and Don Mattingly (1991-95).  Jeter retired after the 2014 season, completing an almost certain first-ballot Hall of Fame 20-year career.  Many suggest he may become the first unanimous selection.
    2003 - Slugger Sammy Sosa is ejected from the game during the first inning after he shatters his bat and the broken remains exposes cork. The Cub outfielder will be suspended by MLB for 8 games (will be reduced to 7) his offense.
    2004 – Must be a great day for grand slams!  At Atlanta’s Turner Field, the 45-year old Julio Franco hit a grand slam to become the oldest player in Major League history to do so as the Braves beat the Phillies, 8 - 4.
    2005 – WCBS-FM in New York, one of the nation’s first all-oldies stations, changed its format to the more current genre and became known as “JACK”.
    2008 - Barack Obama clinched the Democratic presidential nomination.
    2008 – Randy Johnson moved into second place on the all-time major league strikeout leaderboard, passing Roger Clemens for second place with 4,673. The 44-year-old "Big Unit" trails only Nolan Ryan but will not catch him.
    2013 - The trial of Army private Chelsea Manning for leaking classified material to WikiLeaks begins in Ft. Meade, MD.



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