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Leasing News is a web site that posts information, news, and
entertainment for the commercial alternate financing,
bank, finance and leasing industries

Friday, June 2, 2017

Today's Equipment Leasing Headlines

Alert: Online Concepts, Inc., Cheyenne, Wyoming
 Raleigh, North Carolina 27612
"They're Back!"
Yells Bernie Boettigheimer
Ed Kaye Sells Access Commercial Capital
  to United Leasing & Finance
New Hires---Promotions in the Leasing Business
  and Related Industries
Leasing Industry Ad---Help Wanted
  National Account Managers/Funding Coordinator
Which U.S. Jobs Are Disappearing Fastest?
  Projected Decline in Employment in U.S. Jobs by 2024
Leasing Finance Conferences
Marci L. Slagle, CLFP, joins SQN Capital Management,
   as Vice President of Originations
Alien: Covenant/Paris Can Wait
Heat/Things to Come/Jeanne Dielman, 23 Commerce Quay
 Movie/Digital Reviews by Leasing News' Fernando Croce
  Retriever Mix
Richmond, Virginia Adopt-a-Dog
News Briefs---
Element Financial Sudden Short Sell-Off
   No Explanation Given
Element Short Sell-Off  Update
  Explanation from Analyst
PayNet Reports U.S. Small Business Borrowing
  Drops to Six-Month Low
Beige Book notes "some districts noted falling prices
 for certain final goods, including groceries, apparel and autos."
Fintech goes to Washington:
  Regulators, financial firms discuss wave of future

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (writer's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device 

You May have Missed---
Here Are All the Places Giving Away
  Free Doughnuts on National Donut Day
 Baseball Poem
  Sports Brief----
   California Nuts Brief---
   "Gimme that Wine"
     This Day in American History
       Daily Puzzle
         Weather, USA or specific area
          Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release” and was not written by Leasing News nor information verified, but from the source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “by line.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.


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Alert: Online Concepts, Inc., Cheyenne, Wyoming
 Raleigh, North Carolina 27612

Online Concepts claims to have been in business for three years, where it appears it has been three months. (1) The BBB Account is less than two months old. The corporation appears to have been purchased. Wyoming Corporate Services helps companies file a corporation in Wyoming. There is no income tax on corporations and you can purchase a dormant corporation, using its date of incorporation, etc. Information on this company can be obtained by going to Google for Gerald Pitts, 1712 Pioneer Ave., Ste. 7000, Cheyenne, Wyoming.

A vendor sheet (2) states the company is approved by Financial Pacific, who tells Leasing News the company is not approved. CIT Bank can find no record.

A transaction was forwarded to Leasing News where a company applied for a working capital loan, and did not qualify, then approached with a $45 computer server that would cost $20,000 at Dell Computer, which lead to an investigation of Online Concepts, the vendor involved in the computer server application.

(a)  Transfer
(b)  Search

(2) Vendor Profile



"They're Back!"
Yells Bernie Boettigheimer, CLFP

The last year has been very tough for funders in equipment financing. Delinquencies have been rising, banks are becoming less aggressive and working capital companies have created some product confusion for Main Street.

Fraudulent operators, likewise, have had trouble with their business models due to incarcerations and exposure from professionally-run credit departments.  In the latter part of 2016, I had several meetings with Bernie Boettigheimer, CLFP, the founder of Lease Police, Inc., to take over that company as General Manager.  Bernie wished to spend more time with his son as his business, 4 Hour Funding, LLC was growing rapidly. We traded our forecasts for the future of this industry and his most important remarks were about fraud and the re-emergence of the fraud operators who plague our industry with new, rebooted business models .  Here were Bernie’s remarks:

    1- Most fraud operators create their fictitious vendors 2-3 months in advance of using them in a fraud.

    2- Fraudsters troll the selected Secretary of State offices for corporations that are not in good standing or had recently gone out of business.  They then activate these formerly dead companies for their use.

    3- Many fraud operators then buy stolen Social Security #’s and match them with businesses they have re-activated.

    4- They then create web sites for each new fake entity and add new contacts and phone #’s. The ID is complete when they register the fake company with Manta, D&B and Yelp.

    5- They usually select a generic equipment type (server, POS systems, etc…) which will retail at $48-49K which doesn’t call for a site inspection.

So as Sgt. Phil Esterhaus used to stay in the TV series Hill Street Blues, "Hey, let's be careful out there!”



Ed Kaye Sells Access Commercial Capital
to United Leasing & Finance

After he and his partners sold Advantage Funding, a company he co-founded and served as President and CEO in 2014, Ed Kaye met his non-compete clause and began Access Commercial Capital in May, 2015. He called it “an entrepreneurial independent financial lending services, select specialty vehicle and equipment lender/lessor, and commercial vehicle sales/brokerage firm serving the U.S. ground transportation industry.” Their marketplace was equipment financing for medium and small business entities across the U.S. and Canada.

Martha Ahlers
Chief Operating Officer
United Leasing & Finance

“Access is a wonderful strategic acquisition for United," United Leasing & Finance Chief Operating Officer Martha Ahlers said. "Not only do the various asset classes they finance fit perfectly with our existing portfolio but having a New York office extends our brand further into the east coast and will allow us to better serve both new and existing customers.

“The Access platform will provide originations up to $100 million dollars annually and will help United achieve its goals and plans for the next five years. They bring a talented and seasoned team of industry professionals with a long history of developing meaningful solutions for their vendors and customers.”

Edward P. Kaye
Access Managing Member

“We are extremely pleased to join United and look forward to the numerous growth opportunities in the market," Kaye said. "United’s technology resources, best in class funding platform, and experienced leadership and employees will streamline our customer experience and support our growth and profitability for the long term.”

United Companies is a privately owned corporation founded in 1964 and is headquartered in Evansville, Indiana. It is comprised of United Leasing & Finance, Professional Transportation, Inc., and the Romain Automotive Group. With over 6,100 associates, United Companies has direct operations in 40 states and the District of Columbia, while managing assets in all 50 states, Canada, and Mexico

Mr. Kaye is a regulator contributor of articles to Leasing News.




New Hires---Promotions in the Leasing Business
and Related Industries

Arrick Levine was hired as Eastern Region Sales Manager, Crestmark Equipment Finance, a Division of Crestmark Bank. He "...will be responsible for growing CEF’s business east of the Mississippi River. based in North Carolina." Previously, he was Managing Director, Corporate Bank Originations, SunTrust Equipment Finance and Leasing Corp (April, 2011 - March, 2017); serving prior as Group Vice President, Technology Group Sales Leader for SunTrust Equipment Finance and Leasing (April, 2011 - December, 2011); Senior Sales Director, North America, Oracle Financing Division, Oracle Corporation (February, 2010 – November, 2010); Sales Director, Americas, Sun Microsystems Global Financial Services (2003 - February, 2010); Sales Manager, Public Sector/Latin America, Sun Microsystems (July, 2006 - August, 2008); National Sales Manager, GE Capital, Sun Microsystems Finance (1997 - 2001). Education: University of California, Santa Barbara, Bachelor of Arts (BA), Economics/Political Science (1977 -1981).

Robert Moyer was promoted to Director, Mergers & Acquisitions, Bainbridge Capital, Greater San Diego Area. He joined the firm August, 2013 as Mergers & Acquisitions Associate; promoted January, 2015, Mergers & Acquisitions Manager. Prior, he was National Sales Account Manager, National Funding (2013); Asset Manager, De Lage Landen (2007 - 2013). Associations: Official, USA Hockey, Atlantic District, Central District, Pacific District (1996 - Present). Education: Temple University, Master of Business Administration (MBA), Business Administration and Management, General. Dean's Certificate of Excellence. (2010 - 2012). Penn State University, Bachelor of Science, Finance. Minor: International Business.  Activities and Societies: Sapphire Program, Best Buddies International. (2004 - 2008).  Universiteit Maastricht, Study Abroad Program (2006).

Gerry O'Bryan was hired as Regional Account Manager, Industrial Equipment Capital (IEC Financial), St. Louis, Missouri. Previously he was Territory Manager, Caterpillar Financial Services Corporation (February, 2002 - January, 2017). Prior he was District Sales Manager FCC Equipment Financing, Inc. (April, 2000 - February, 2002); District Sales Manager, Associates Commercial Corporation (December, 1995 - April, 2000). Education, Lindenwood University, Master of Business Administration (M.B.A.), General, A's. Activities and Societies: Working full time at CIT while working on and receiving my MBA. Area of study was general MBA with emphasis in finance. University of Missouri, Saint Louis. Bachelor’s Degree, Administration of Justice. Activities and Societies: worked part time all through college.

James Rusch was hired as Financial Representative for Country Financial, Elk Grove Village, Illinois. Previously, he was an Independent Consultant (May, 2016 - May, 2017); Operations Manager, Commercial Credit Group, Inc. (March, 2013 - May, 2016); Risk Manager, GE Capital (June, 2010 - March, 2013). Prior, he was at Navistar Financial Corporation, starting February, 2002, as Senior Credit analyst; promoted February, 2003, Credit Supervisor; promoted Regional Credit Manager (May, 2004 -August, 2010). Risk Manager, Old Kent Leasing (August, 1997 - August, 2001); Credit Manager, National Machine Tool Financial Corp. (January, 1995 - August, 1997); Credit Analyst, ORIX Financial Services (1993 - 1995). Education: Lake Forest Graduate School of Management, MBA, General Management (2007 -2011); Activities and Societies: Class Representative. Bradley University, BS, Finance (1986 - 1990). Activities and Societies: Phi Gamma Delta, WRBU Radio.

Carol Stewart was hired as Director of Client Services, StevenDouglas, West Palm Beach, Florida.  Previously, she was Director of Client Service, RGP (October, 2014 - May, 2017); President, EquiTech Capital (June, 2011 - September, 2014); Director of Business Development, Miranda & Associates (January, 2008 - July, 2011); Vice President, Commercial Banking Group, Wells Fargo Commercial Bank (November, 2006 - February, 2008); Vice President, Business Development, Bank of America, Commercial Banking Group (December, 1999 - February, 2004); Business Development Manager, Deloitte (1997 - 1999).  Volunteer: Board Member, World Skin Cancer Foundation. Education: University of Redlands, BS, Business Administration (1985 -1987); Oklahoma City University, business Administration and Management, General (1983 - 1985).




Leasing Industry Help Wanted

For information on placing a help wanted ad, please click here: 

Please see our Job Wanted section for possible new employees


Which U.S. Jobs Are Disappearing Fastest?
Projected Decline in Employment in U.S. Jobs by 2024


Most of these jobs are being reduced due to technological advancements and automation. Some of the groups are small, other percentage higher, while the percentage is lower, but the actual number of people no longer being employed is much larger.

For instance, a Locomotive Firer watches for signals and similar jobs.  The workforce today is small, 1,700 in 2014, but by 2024, it will be just 500.

Motor vehicle electronic equipment installers and repairers are also set to see their ranks decimated by 2024. 11,500 of them were employed in the U.S. in 2014 and a decade later, that is expected to fall sharply to 5,800. Telephone operators are the third most endangered profession in America with their numbers expected to drop 42.4 percent by 2024.

Full List of Employment by detailed Occupation:
2014 - 2014



Leasing/Finance Conferences 2017
Save the Dates

Commercial Equipment Marketplace Council
3 Day Retreat, Laguna Beach, California, June 12-14

Sponsors include Current Capital, PayNet, The Alta Group, Columbia University, Stanford University, Genpack, Katten, and HCVT.

A brochure on participating attendees with other information:

Sheraton Atlanta Airport Hotel Reservation: click here

Presentation Proposal for September 16, Atlanta, Georgia

October 4, 2017 - October, 6
2017 Funding Symposium
JW Marriott Buckhead
Atlanta, Georgia

October 11, 2017 - October 13, 2017
Fairmount Dallas, Texas

October 17, 2017 - October 19, 2017
2017 56th Annual Convention
Gaylord Resort & Convention Center
Orlando, Florida

"Our registration is now open and we anticipate over 600 brokers to attend based on the success of last year and growth we experienced."

Kris D. Roglieri
Commercial Capital Training Group

For More Information:

October 22, 2017 - October 24, 2017
2017 56th Annual Convention
Orlando, Florida

Call for Presentations/Submission Deadline 
Monday, July 3, 2017

October 22, 2017 -  October, 26, 2017
The Palazzo and Sands Convention Center
Venetian Hotel & Casino
Las Vegas, Nevada

Speakers and More Information

November 7, 2017
The Regency Ballroom
1300 Van Ness Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94109

$100 Early Bird

Western Regional Meeting
November 17 - 18, 2017
Doubletree by Hilton - Anaheim
Anaheim, California

Presentation Proposal for November 17 - 18, Orange, California




### Press Release ############################

Marci L. Slagle, CLFP, joins SQN Capital Management
as Vice President of Originations

“I am pleased to announce I have accepted a position with New York Based SQN Capital Management, LLC (“SQN US”) as Vice President of Originations. I will be located in the Salt Lake City office and will be responsible for business development nationally.  
“For more information or if you have a transaction to discuss, please contact me at 917 485 2687 or send mail to  You can also visit our website at

About Marci L. Slagle, CLFP
Ms. Slagle has over 22 years of experience in the leasing industry and brings with her an extensive background in finance, marketing and sales. Ms. Slagle is active in the industry and various industry associations.  She currently serves as Vice President for the Certified Lease and Finance Professional Foundation, as Board Member of the ELFA Middle Market Steering Committee and on the Membership Committee for ELFA. She has also served on numerous committees for ELFA, NEFA, and NAELB.

About SQN Capital Management
New York Based SQN Capital Management, LLC (“SQN US”) and its UK subsidiary SQN Capital Management (UK) Limited (“SQN UK”) are together the independent asset managers to institutional investors. Headquartered in New York City and specializing in alternative asset management, SQN US is a registered investment advisor and provides investment advisory and portfolio management services to four private offerings, two public direct participation programs, one exchange-listed fund and separately-managed accounts.  SQN’s investment strategy is focused on business-essential, revenue-producing or cost-saving assets.  Historically, SQN has invested in the agricultural, energy, environmental, medical, manufacturing, technology, and transportation industries.

Formed in 2007 as a joint venture between the US and UK teams, SQN is comprised of professionals that have been working together since 2001. The principals and directors of SQN are experienced in structuring asset-based financing both domestically and internationally.  SQN has concluded several successful transactions and actively manages investments throughout the United States and European Union.

Marci L. Slagle, CLFP Vice President – Originations
SQN Capital Management, Inc.
100 Wall Street, 28th Floor, New York, NY 10005
Office: +1 212 422 2166 Direct: +1 917 485 2687

#### Press Release #############################




Fernando's View
By Fernando F. Croce

Visionary sci-fi (“Alien: Covenant”) and romantic fluff (“Paris Can Wait”) come to the box-office, while new DVDs offer a crime epic (“Heat”), a graceful drama (“Things to Come”), and an avant-garde classic (“Jeanne Dielman, 23, quai du Commerce, 1080 Bruxelles”).

In theaters:

Alien: Covenant (Twentieth-Century Fox): After going back to the origins of the “Alien” franchise in “Prometheus,” Oscar-winning director (and series creator) Ridley Scott continues to take the sci-fi saga into new directors with this grandiose, fascinating chapter. Set in the early 22nd-century, the film begins with the spaceship Covenant, piloted by colonizing experts (Billy Crudup, Katherine Waterston) in search of an inhabitable planet. They come across android David (Michael Fassbender), a survivor from the last mission, and reach a world that seems to be a galactic paradise. It’s not long before idyllic appearances are torn asunder by bloodthirsty creatures. With Gothic visuals and visceral force, Scott paints the battle of survival between humans and aliens, as thrills blend into perverse psychological ruminations. The mix of horror and visionary splendor is as dizzy as it is exhilarating.

Paris Can Wait (Sony Pictures Classics): Always an underrated actress, Diane Lane gets a radiant showcase in this enjoyable road movie from writer-director Eleanor Coppola. Lane stars as Anne, an American woman who finds herself at a literal crossroads while in France. While her movie-producer husband Michael (Alec Baldwin) makes the rounds at the Cannes Festival, Anne embarks on a drive to Paris and proceeds to reevaluate her relationship and her life. With her husband’s business partner Jacques (Arnaud Viard) as her guide, she goes on a brief but joyous holiday of food, music, and perhaps romance. Best known for documenting her husband Francis’ journey in “Apocalypse, Now,” Coppola displays a light, humorous touch that helps bring out Lane’s relaxed charm. A slight but charming comedy-drama.

Netflix Tip: A commanding actor in lead as well as character roles, Powers Boothe (1948-2017) brought a unique brand of grit and humor to many a film. So check out Netflix for some of his best roles, which include “Guiana Tragedy” (1980), “Southern Comfort” (1981), “The Emerald Forest” (1985), “Nixon” (1995) and “Sin City” (2005).


Heat (Fox): Long considered the greatest actors of their generation, Robert De Niro and Al Pacino finally shared the screen in 1995 in this sprawling crime epic, from acclaimed director Michael Mann (“Miami Vice”). De Niro plays Neil McCauley, a criminal mastermind who plans to bring off one final heist before retiring with his young girlfriend (Amy Brenneman). Hot on his trail is Hannah (Pacino), a veteran police lieutenant whose obsession with catching Neil is matched by the turmoil in his own personal life. Though on opposite sides of the law, the two men discover that they share an increasingly outdated sense of honor which makes them stand out in their dangerous fields. Packed with crystalline action, memorable dialogue, and an astounding cast (which includes Val Kilmer, Jon Voight, and Natalie Portman), Mann’s masterpiece is a cinephile’s dream.

Things to Come (MPI): Complementing the icy ruthlessness of her role in “Elle” with a loose, mature warmness here, the brilliant French actress Isabelle Huppert shines in this perceptive, subtle drama from director Mia Hansen-Love (“Goodbye First Love,” “Eden”). Huppert plays Nathalie, a philosophy professor at a particularly challenging crossroads of her life. It begins when her husband of 25 years (Andre Marcon) suddenly leaves her for another woman, and continues with the loss of both her job and mother (Edith Scob). Alone but with a newfound sense of freedom, Nathalie pursues a new set of interests, growing closer to one of her former students (Roman Kolinka). Capturing its main character’s philosophical inquiries with her emotional discoveries, Love’s film paints a patient and richly rewarding portrait of a complex woman. With subtitles.

Jeanne Dielman, 23 Commerce Quay, 1080 Brussels (Criterion): Films don’t come more uncompromising than this legendary Belgian drama from 1975, directed by Chantal Akerman. Wearing a deadpan expression that suggests vast reserves of suppressed anxiety, Delphine Seyrig plays the title character, a widowed housewife and mother who leads a repetitive domestic life in Brussels. Over the course of a few days, the camera contemplates her as she cooks, shops, and conducts the occasional escort job. When a slight delay throws off her rigid schedule, however, a small shift snowballs into a tragic resolution. With patience and rigor, Akerman uses Jeanne’s prosaic activities to evoke the quotidian grids that women dwell in without knowing, building up to a remarkable conclusion. The results are hypnotic, monumental, and unforgettable. With subtitles.


Retriever Mix
Richmond, Virginia Adopt-a-Dog

Buddy Lee
12 Years Old
Fenced Yard Preferred
Dog Companion Preferred

"Hi there my name is Buddy Lee. and my mom and I were saved from a junk yard. I am very smart and a quick learner.

"I know several commands and I am quick to let outsiders know someone is in the house. I can be very protective.

"To help me, contact Subject: Buddy Lee"

“We only adopt in the Richmond, Va and touching counties. We have an adoption application that may be picked up at our adoption stand or you may request the form be emailed to you. If you want to meet a particular dog, it is advisable to email us to determine if the dog will be at a particular adoption stand or another event.

“If you are approved, an AARF volunteer will deliver the dog to your home and make sure the home is suitable for the dog (i.e. a secure fence, if needed). Our adoption/donation fee is $175 per dog due at the time of the delivery of the dog to your home.”


Phone Number: (Only local Richmond calls returned.)
(804) 254-0800

E-mail Us:

P.O. Box 15262
Richmond, Virginia 23227

Visit our Pet Adoption Stands

Adopt a Pet


News Briefs---

Element Financial Sudden Short Sell-Off
   No Explanation Given

Element Short Sell-Off  Update
  Explanation from Analyst

PayNet Reports U.S. Small Business Borrowing
  Drops to Six-Month Low

Beige Book notes "some districts noted falling prices
for certain final goods, including groceries, apparel and autos."

Fintech goes to Washington:
  Regulators, financial firms discuss wave of future



You May Have Missed---

Here Are All the Places Giving Away
   Free Doughnuts on National Donut Day


Baseball Poem ---

Double Play

From the book

That Sweet Diamond

by Paul B. Janeczko, Carole Katchen (Illustrator)

The runner is
a non-swimmer in deep water,
inching from the bag
returning in alarm.

The shortstop and second baseman
are schoolboys
passing secrets
behind the pitcher's back.

Moving before the pitch,
the shortstop dashes to the bag
glove up in anticipation
as runner and
peg from his partner at second
He drags the toe of his right shoe
across the bag
as the ball slaps home
and he leaps
to avoid the spikes.

Resting in air
safely above the slide
long enough to throw to first
before he tumbles to the dirt,
his eyes on the ball
the mitt
the umpire's confirmation of perfection.



Sports Briefs----

Kevin Durant delivers opening wallop in Warriors' historic quest

NBA commissioner Adam Silver: Current age limit 'not working for anyone'


California Nuts Briefs---

South Bay economy will cool off yet remain strong: forecast

Hog Island Oysters Buys Tony's Seafood Restaurant in Marshall

Daylight saving time could be a thing of the past in California



“Gimme that Wine”

Richard Ward, co-founder of Saintsbury Winery, dies

El Dorado Winery Association Hosts Second Annual Blind Barrel Event

Ripe fruit make the best wine,
  but new research into why may surprise you

Mexican migrant workers came to California to pick grapes
    Now they own wineries

Free Mobile Wine Program

Wine Prices by vintage

US/International Wine Events

Leasing News Wine & Spirits Page


This Day in American History

     1692 - As the village of Salem was gripped by terror of witches, Massachusetts Bay Colony Governor Sir William Phips ordered a special court to expedite judgment of the more than 150 people accused of witchcraft. Unpopular resident Bridge Bishop, first accused in April and the first one jailed, was brought to trial on June 2. At her April examination, her accusers—teenaged girls---had collapsed in fits as she appeared but Bishop adamantly denied the charges. “I am not witch—I know not what a witch is.” She was convicted and hung June 10.
    1731 - Birthday of American's first First Lady: Martha Dandridge Custis Washington (d. 1802), Chestnut Grove, British Virginia. While some have stated this was a standard marriage of “convenience” in its day and age, the truth in the diaries and letters and devotion of both husband and wife supersedes the criticism as they tried to live a private life and maintain a family.
    1835 - P. T. Barnum and his circus began their first tour of the United States.
    1851 - America's first statewide statute prohibiting the sale of alcoholic beverages was enacted in the state of Maine. On the following Independence Day, the mayor of Bangor showed his support of the new law by smashing 10 kegs of confiscated booze.
    1852 - Publication of a manual of the corporation of the city of San Francisco containing a map of the city, the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution of the United States, the constitution of the state of California, the charters of the city, the revised ordinances still in force, and certain laws relating particularly to the city of San Francisco.
    1852 - 10,641 immigrants arrived by boat during the month of May.
    1854 - New light house on Bird Island, also known as Alcatraz, illuminated for the first time. It could be seen 12 miles at sea.  In 1775, Spanish explorer Juan Manuel de Ayala mapped and named rugged Alcatraz Island, christening it La Isla de los Alcatraces, or Island of the Pelicans, due to its large population of sea birds. Seventy-five years later, in 1850, President Millard Fillmore signed an order reserving the island for military use. During the 1850s, a fortress was constructed on Alcatraz and some 100 cannons were installed around the island to protect San Francisco Bay.
    1856 - Gov. Johnson ordered newly-appointed Maj. Gen. Sherman of the California Militia to call up its members because of the crisis in San Francisco.
    1863 - Harriet Tubman frees 750 slaves in raid. This former slave and abolitionist James Montgomery lead 300 African American troops of the Union's Second South Carolina Volunteers on a raid of plantations along the Combahee River. Backed by three gun boats, Tubman's forces set fire to the plantations and free 756 slaves. American history also shows her as the first woman to lead military troops into action.
    1865 – In an event that is generally regarded as marking the end of the Civil War, Confederate General Edmund Kirby Smith, commander of Confederate forces west of the Mississippi, signs the surrender terms offered by Union negotiators. With Smith’s surrender, the last Confederate army ceased to exist, bringing a formal end to the bloodiest four years in U.S. history. The American Civil War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate shore batteries under General Pierre G.T. Beauregard opened fire on Union-held Fort Sumter in South Carolina’s Charleston Bay. During 34 hours, 50 Confederate guns and mortars launched more than 4,000 rounds at the poorly supplied fort, and, on April 13, U.S. Major Robert Anderson, commander of the Union garrison, surrendered. Two days later, U.S. President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation calling for 75,000 volunteer soldiers to help quell the Southern “insurrection.” Four long years later, the Confederacy was defeated at the total cost of 620,000 Union and Confederate dead.
    1883 - The first electric elevated railroad began, demonstrated at the Chicago Railway Exposition by the Electric Railway Company. The total track was 1,553 feet and not permitted to operate until June 9th and ceased operating on June 23, after logging 118.75 hours covering 1,588 trips, carrying 26,805 passengers, and running 446.24 miles. It was the first commercial elevated train to operate and was considered a success to build a line in Chicago.
    1886 - The first wedding of a president in the White House was Grover Cleveland's marriage to his ward, Frances Folsom, during his first administration. Cleveland was 49 and Ms. Folsom, 21.  Cleveland served as President from March 4, 1885 to March 4, 1898. With the thought he had a second term in the bag, he did not campaign much and lost. He won the next election and served as President again from March 4, 1893 to March 4, 1897.
    1889 - A great flood on the Potomac River in Washington D.C. took out a span of Long Bridge, and flooded streets near the river. The flood stage reached was not again equaled until 1936. 
    1891 - Charles Gardner Radbourn wins his 300th game beating the Beaneaters at South End Grounds in Boston, 10-8.  ‘Old Hoss,' who finished 484 of the 497 games he started, ended his 11-year career this season with 309 victories.
    1896 - In England, Guglielmo Marconi was awarded the first radio patent. He had succeeded the previous year in sending long wave radio signals over a distance of about two kilometers. And, in 1897, Marconi formed a wireless telegraphy company to develop its commercial applications. In 1901, Marconi succeeded in sending the letter "S" across the Atlantic from Cornwall, England to a receiving station in St. John's, Newfoundland.
    1904 - Johnny Weissmuller birthday. Peter John Weissmuller (d. 1984), actor and Olympic gold medal swimmer, was born at Windber, PA. Weissmuller won three gold medals at the 1924 Olympics and two more at the 1928 games. He set 24 world records and, in 1950, was voted the best swimmer of the first half of the 20th century. After retiring from amateur competition, he appeared as Tarzan in a dozen movies and as “Jungle Jim” in the movies and on television.
    1915 - At the Polo Grounds, Babe Ruth and the well-traveled Boston Red Sox beat the NY Yankees, 7-1. It is the last stop on a 29-day road trip for the Red Sox. Ruth allowed five hits and hit his second career HR. After his homer, Ruth received two intentional walks. He ends up kicking the bench and breaking his toe, sidelining him for two weeks.
    1917 - The temperature at Tribune, KS dipped to 30 degrees to establish a state record for the month of June.
    1921 - Trumpeter Ernie Royal (d. 1983) was born Los Angeles, CA.
    1925 - Native Americans were declared citizens of the United States with all rights. The statute declared “all non-citizen Indians born within the territorial limits of the United States be, and they are hereby declared to be, citizens of the United States.”
    1925 - 21-year-old Lou Gehrig started a game for the Yankees when regular first baseman Wally Pipp was beaned during batting practice (there were no batting helmets then) and complained of a headache - in fact, a concussion (in those days, not considered worrisome). Gehrig collected three hits in five at-bats, helping the Yankees to an 8-5 victory over the Washington Senators. Gehrig went on to play in a Major League record 2,130 consecutive games, a record since broken by Cal Ripken, Jr. with a streak of 2,632.  Pipp, a feared home run hitter who led the league twice, was traded to the Cincinnati Reds, after appearing with the Yanks in their first three World Series, finally winning in 1923.    
    1935 - Babe Ruth, one of the greatest players in the history of baseball, ends his Major League playing career after 22 seasons, 10 World Series and 714 home runs.  
    1938 - Gene Krupa records “Wire Brush Stomp,” (Brunswick 8166).
    1938 – Gene Michael was born in Kent, OH.  Michael, known as Stick in his playing days, is generally acknowledged as the architect as General Manager of the latest Yankees dynasty of the 1990-2000s.  He drafted Derek Jeter, Mariano Rivera and Jorge Posada, and fought to keep Jeter and Andy Pettitte when owner George Steinbrenner wanted to trade them; he traded for Paul O’Neill, Jack McDowell, John Wetteland and David Cone.  He also signed free agents Pettitte, Dave Winfield, and Wade Boggs.
    1941 - Rolling Stones' drummer Charlie Watts was born in London. Watts joined the Rolling Stones in January, 1963, about six months after the group was formed. He was working in an advertising agency at the time, but had earlier played with Alexis Korner's Blues Incorporated, as had other members of the Stones. Watts has been the backbone, along with guitarist Bill Wyman, of the Rolling Stones rhythm section throughout their 25 year career.
    1941 - William Guest (d. 2015) of Gladys Knight and the Pips was born in Atlanta. The group was part of the Motown empire in the 1960's, where they had a hit with “I Heard It Through the Grapevine” in ‘67. But the Pips' greatest popularity came in the ‘70s on the Buddah label, where their 1973 gold album “Imagination” yielded three gold singles. Among them was “Midnight Train to Georgia,” which hit number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
    1941 – Exactly 16 years from the day he broke into the Yankees’ starting lineup, Lou Gehrig died of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at the age of 37 in New York. From that time on, the illness has been known primarily as "Lou Gehrig's Disease."  At the time it was relatively unknown.   
    1942 – The US carriers from Pearl Harbor joined the fleet northeast of Midway. In total, the American force has approximately 250 planes, equal to the number in the approaching Japanese force.  Japanese Admiral Katuta’s light carrier force attacked Dutch Harbor in the Aleutians as a diversion. The Americans, aware of the Japanese plans for the invasion of Midway, do not react as predicted. They were aware of the Japanese plan for Midway and
took advantage of the information, although the Japanese had a superior
    1942 – The Red Sox’ Ted Williams, fresh off his .406 season last year, enlisted in the Marines as a naval aviator. Williams finished the season with his team, as did many other players who enlisted or awaited the draft, which moved slowly despite the early discouragements of the war. Other regulars of 1941 who enlisted include Johnny Berardino, Sam Chapman, Bob Feller, Joe Grace, Buddy Lewis, Pat Mullin, Johnny Rigney, Johnny Sturm and Cecil Travis.
    1944 - KOBASHIGAWA, YEIKI, Medal of Honor
Technical Sergeant Yeiki Kobashigawa distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action on 2 June 1944, in the vicinity of Lanuvio, Italy. During an attack, Technical Sergeant Kobashigawa’s platoon encountered strong enemy resistance from a series of machine guns providing supporting fire. Observing a machine gun nest 50 yards from his position, Technical Sergeant Kobashigawa crawled forward with one of his men, threw a grenade and then charged the enemy with his submachine gun while a fellow soldier provided covering fire. He killed one enemy soldier and captured two prisoners. Meanwhile, Technical Sergeant Kobashigawa and his comrade were fired upon by another machine gun 50 yards ahead. Directing a squad to advance to his first position, Technical Sergeant Kobashigawa again moved forward with a fellow soldier to subdue the second machine gun nest. After throwing grenades into the position, Technical Sergeant Kobashigawa provided close supporting fire while a fellow soldier charged, capturing four prisoners. On the alert for other machine gun nests, Technical Sergeant Kobashigawa discovered four more, and skillfully led a squad in neutralizing two of them. Technical Sergeant Kobashigawa’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army.
    1944 - KRAUS, RICHARD EDWARD, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Private First Class, U.S. Marine Corps Reserve. Born: 24 November 1925, Chicago, Ill. Accredited to: Minnesota. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty while serving with the 8th Amphibious Tractor Battalion, Fleet Marine Force, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Peleliu, Palau Islands, on 5 October 1944. Unhesitatingly volunteering for the extremely hazardous mission of evacuating a wounded comrade from the front lines, Pfc. Kraus and 3 companions courageously made their way forward and successfully penetrated the lines for some distance before the enemy opened with an intense, devastating barrage of hand grenades which forced the stretcher party to take cover and subsequently abandon the mission. While returning to the rear, they observed 2 men approaching who appeared to be marines and immediately demanded the password. When, instead of answering, 1 of the 2 Japanese threw a hand grenade into the midst of the group, Pfc. Kraus heroically flung himself upon the grenade and, covering it with his body, absorbed the full impact of the explosion and was instantly killed. By his prompt action and great personal valor in the face of almost certain death, he saved the lives of his 3 companions, and his loyal spirit of self-sacrifice reflects the highest credit upon himself and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his comrades.
    1944 - NAKAMINE, SHINYEI, Medal of Honor
Private Shinyei Nakamine distinguished himself by extraordinary heroism in action on 2 June 1944, near La Torreto, Italy. During an attack, Private Nakamine’s platoon became pinned down by intense machine gun crossfire from a small knoll 200 yards to the front. On his own initiative, Private Nakamine crawled toward one of the hostile weapons. Reaching a point 25 yards from the enemy, he charged the machine gun nest, firing his submachine gun, and killed three enemy soldiers and captured two. Later that afternoon, Private Nakamine discovered an enemy soldier on the right flank of his platoon’s position. Crawling 25 yards from his position, Private Nakamine opened fire and killed the soldier. Then, seeing a machine gun nest to his front approximately 75 yards away, he returned to his platoon and led an automatic rifle team toward the enemy. Under covering fire from his team, Private Nakamine crawled to a point 25 yards from the nest and threw hand grenades at the enemy soldiers, wounding one and capturing four. Spotting another machine gun nest 100 yards to his right flank, he led the automatic rifle team toward the hostile position but was killed by a burst of machine gun fire. Private Nakamine’s extraordinary heroism and devotion to duty are in keeping with the highest traditions of military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the United States Army. 
    1944 - Birthday of composer and conductor Marvin Hamlisch (d. 2012), NYC.  Perhaps best known for his film scores “The Sting” (1923), “The Way We Were” (1972), and his best-known Broadway work includes “A Chorus Line” (1975), and “They’re Playing Our Song” (1977). He was accepted at Julliard at the age of 7 and got his start as a rehearsal pianist in “Funny Girl.”
    1945 - Top Hits
“Laura” - The Woody Herman Orchestra
“Dream” - The Pied Pipers
“Sentimental Journey” - The Les Brown Orchestra (vocal: Doris Day)
“At Mail Call Today” - Gene Autry
    1951 - CHARLTON, CORNELIUS H., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company C, 24th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry Division. Place and date: Near Chipo-ri, Korea, 2 June 1951. Entered service at: Bronx, N.Y. Born: 24 July 1929, East Gulf, W. Va. G.O. No.: 30, 19 March 1952. Citation: Sgt. Charlton, a member of Company C, distinguished himself by conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity above and beyond the call of duty in action against the enemy. His platoon was attacking heavily defended hostile positions on commanding ground when the leader was wounded and evacuated. Sgt. Charlton assumed command, rallied the men, and spearheaded the assault against the hill. Personally eliminating 2 hostile positions and killing 6 of the enemy with his rifle fire and grenades, he continued up the slope until the unit suffered heavy casualties and became pinned down. Regrouping the men he led them forward only to be again hurled back by a shower of grenades. Despite a severe chest wound, Sgt. Charlton refused medical attention and led a third daring charge which carried to the crest of the ridge. Observing that the remaining emplacement which had retarded the advance was situated on the reverse slope, he charged it alone, was again hit by a grenade but raked the position with a devastating fire which eliminated it and routed the defenders. The wounds received during his daring exploits resulted in his death but his indomitable courage, superb leadership, and gallant self-sacrifice reflect the highest credit upon himself the infantry, and the military service. 
    1953 - Top Hits
“Song from Moulin Rouge” - The Percy Faith Orchestra
“I Believe” - Frankie Laine
“April in Portugal” - The Les Baxter Orchestra
“Take These Chains from My Heart” - Hank Williams
    1954 – Senator Joseph McCarthy charges that communists have infiltrated the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the atomic weapons industry. Although McCarthy’s accusations created a momentary controversy, they were quickly dismissed as mere sensationalism from a man whose career was rapidly slipping away. Senator McCarthy first made a name for himself in 1950 when he charged but failed to prove that over 200 “known communists” were in the Department of State. During the next few years, he alleged that communists were in nearly every branch of the U.S. government. His reckless accusations helped to create what came to be known as the Red Scare, a time when Americans feared that communists were infiltrating all aspects of American government and life. Despite the fact that McCarthy never managed to unearth a single communist, or provide any proof to his assertions, his ability to whip up public hysteria and smear opponents as communist sympathizers made him front-page news for several years. Sensing that his base of power was eroding, in 1954, McCarthy embarked on a spectacularly unsuccessful effort to recapture public support by opening investigations into alleged communist infiltration of the U.S. Army. By early June 1954, the Army-McCarthy hearings had been going on for nearly a month. This was the first opportunity for the American public to get a firsthand view of McCarthy, as the hearings were televised. His bullying style and hysterical behavior quickly turned off the audience. In a desperate attempt to regain momentum, McCarthy charged that communists had also infiltrated the CIA and atomic weapons industry. No one took the charges seriously, and Secretary of State John Foster Dulles, his brother, CIA Director Allen Dulles, and President Eisenhower brusquely dismissed McCarthy’s accusations as reckless and without basis. Just a few weeks later, McCarthy was thoroughly disgraced when the lawyer for the U.S. Army, Joseph Welch, gave him a devastatingly effective tongue-lashing, which ended with Welch asking the senator whether he had any sense of “decency” at all. The Army-McCarthy hearings collapsed soon thereafter, and the U.S. Senate voted to censure McCarthy. He died, still holding office, in 1957, a broken man.
    1955 - Dana Carvey, comedian, actor (“Wayne's World,” “Saturday Night Live”), was born in Missoula, MT. He was one of my father's students as in his later years he taught comedy and writing at San Francisco State, and then at his workshop in San Rafael, California.
    1959 - The game between the Baltimore Orioles and the Chicago White Sox at Comiskey Park was delayed for nearly half an hour as swarms of gnats invaded the field. Bug spray and torches did not disperse the gnats, but a smoke bomb, set to be used as part of a post-game fireworks display, did. The Orioles won, 3-2.
    1961 - Top Hits
“Travelin' Man” - Ricky Nelson
“Daddy's Home” - Shep & The Limelites
“Running Scared” - Roy Orbison
“Hello Walls” - Faron Young
    1962 - Ray Charles' "I Can't Stop Loving You" hits #1
    1962 - Island Records, founded in Britain by Jamaican Chris Blackwell, released its first single, "Twist Baby" by Owen Gray. By the late '60s, Island was home to such British acts as Traffic, Jethro Tull, and Emerson, Lake and Palmer. In the following decade, reggae artists predominated, with Bob Marley and the Wailers, Toots and the Maytals and Burning Spear all recording for Island.    
    1964 - The original Broadway cast album of “Hello Dolly!” is certified gold
    1964 - The Rolling Stones play their first US gig at a high school in Lynn, MA; that same day, they make their American TV debut on WABC's “Les Crane Show” in New York.
    1967 - Race riots in Roxbury section of Boston.
    1967 - KFRC Fantasy Fair and Magic Mountain Music Festival at Mt. Tamalpais to benefit the Hunters Point Child Care Center. “Trans-Love Buslines” carries participants from the parking area to the festival. I was news editor and we promoted the event as this style of music was very popular. The station was the leader of the new S.F. sound.
    1967 - GRAHAM, JAMES A., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Captain, U.S. Marine Corps, Company F, 2d Battalion, 5th Marines, 1st Marine Division. Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 2 June 1967. Entered service at: Prince Georges, Md. Born: 25 August 1940, Wilkinsburg, Allegheny County, Pa. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. During Operation Union 11, the 1st Battalion, 5th Marines, consisting of Companies A and D, with Capt. Graham's company attached launched an attack against an enemy occupied position with 2 companies assaulting and 1 in reserve. Company F, a leading company, was proceeding across a clear paddy area 1,000 meters wide, attacking toward the assigned objective, when it came under fire from mortars and small arms which immediately inflicted a large number of casualties. Hardest hit by the enemy fire was the 2d platoon of Company F, which was pinned down in the open paddy area by intense fire from 2 concealed machine guns. Forming an assault unit from members of his small company headquarters, Capt. Graham boldly led a fierce assault through the second platoon's position, forcing the enemy to abandon the first machine gun position, thereby relieving some of the pressure on his second platoon, and enabling evacuation of the wounded to a more secure area. Resolute to silence the second machine gun, which continued its devastating fire, Capt. Graham's small force stood steadfast in its hard won enclave. Subsequently, during the afternoon's fierce fighting, he suffered 2 minor wounds while personally accounting for an estimated 15 enemy killed. With the enemy position remaining invincible upon each attempt to withdraw to friendly lines, and although knowing that he had no chance of survival, he chose to remain with 1 man who could not be moved due to the seriousness of his wounds. The last radio transmission from Capt. Graham reported that he was being assaulted by a force of 25 enemy soldiers; he died while protecting himself and the wounded man he chose not to abandon. Capt. Graham's actions throughout the day were a series of heroic achievements. His outstanding courage, superb leadership and indomitable fighting spirit undoubtedly saved the second platoon from annihilation and reflected great credit upon himself, the Marine Corps, and the U.S. Naval Service. He gallantly gave his life for his country.
    1968 – “The Big Hurt,”  Hall of Famer Frank Thomas, was born in Columbus, GA.  One of the most fearsome and devastating hitters of his era, he is the only player in Major League history to have seven consecutive seasons (1991–1997) with a .300 batting average and at least 100 RBIs, 100 runs scored, 100 walks and 20 homers; over that period, he batted .330 and averaged 36 home runs and 118 RBI per year.
    1969 - LAPOINTE, JOSEPH G., JR., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Specialist Fourth Class, U.S. Army, 2d Squadron, 17th Cavalry, 101st Airborne Division . place and date: Quang Tin province, Republic of Vietnam, 2 June 1969. Entered service at: Cincinnati, Ohio. Born: 2 July 1948, Dayton, Ohio. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Sp4c. Lapointe, Headquarters and Headquarters Troop, 2d Squadron, distinguished himself while serving as a medical aid man during a combat helicopter assault mission. Sp4c. Lapointe's patrol was advancing from the landing zone through an adjoining valley when it suddenly encountered heavy automatic weapons fire from a large enemy force entrenched in well-fortified bunker positions. In the initial hail of fire, 2 soldiers in the formation vanguard were seriously wounded. Hearing a call for aid from 1 of the wounded, Sp4c. Lapointe ran forward through heavy fire to assist his fallen comrades. To reach the wounded men, he was forced to crawl directly in view of an enemy bunker. As members of his unit attempted to provide covering fire, he administered first aid to 1 man, shielding the other with his body. He was hit by a burst of fire from the bunker while attending the wounded soldier. In spite of his painful wounds, Sp4c. Lapointe continued his lifesaving duties until he was again wounded and knocked to the ground. Making strenuous efforts, he moved back again into a shielding position to continue administering first aid. An exploding enemy grenade mortally wounded all 3 men. Sp4c. Lapointe's courageous actions at the cost of his life were an inspiration to his comrades. His gallantry and selflessness are in the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit on him, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
    1969 - POXON, ROBERT LESLIE, Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: First Lieutenant, U.S. Army, Troop B, 1st Squadron, 9th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division. Place and date: Tay Ninh Province, Republic of Vietnam, 2 June 1969. Entered service at: Detroit, Mich. Born: 3 January 1947, Detroit, Mich. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. 1st Lt. Poxon, Armor, Troop B, distinguished himself while serving as a platoon leader on a reconnaissance mission. Landing by helicopter in an area suspected of being occupied by the enemy, the platoon came under intense fire from enemy soldiers in concealed positions and fortifications around the landing zone. A soldier fell, hit by the first burst of fire. 1st Lt. Poxon dashed to his aid, drawing the majority of the enemy fire as he crossed 20 meters of open ground. The fallen soldier was beyond help and 1st Lt. Poxon was seriously and painfully wounded. 1st Lt. Poxon, with indomitable courage, refused medical aid and evacuation and turned his attention to seizing the initiative from the enemy. With sure instinct he marked a central enemy bunker as the key to success. Quickly instructing his men to concentrate their fire on the bunker, and in spite of his wound, 1st Lt. Poxon crawled toward the bunker, readied a hand grenade and charged. He was hit again but continued his assault. After succeeding in silencing the enemy guns in the bunker he was struck once again by enemy fire and fell, mortally wounded. 1st Lt. Poxon's comrades followed their leader, pressed the attack and drove the enemy from their positions. 1st Lt. Poxon's gallantry, indomitable will, and courage are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, his unit, and the U.S. Army.
    1969 – Top Hits
“Get Back” - The Beatles
“Love (Can Make You Happy)” - Mercy
“Oh Happy Day” - The Edwin Hawkins' Singers
“Singing My Song” - Tammy Wynette
    1972 - The ‘50s Doo-Wop group Dion and The Belmonts reunited for a show at Madison Square Garden in New York. The concert was captured on the LP “Reunion.”
    1973 - Paul McCartney and Wings have the #1 song on the chart with "My Love"...It's in the first of its three straight weeks at the top.
    1975 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Thank God I'm a Country Boy," John Denver.
    1976 - Don Bolles (b. 1928), an award-winning investigative reporter for the Arizona Republic, was fatally injured when a bomb exploded in his car. He died several days later.  He had been probing connections between businessmen and organized crime in Phoenix. A national team of reporters from several newspapers helped to indict John Adamson, who was arrested with others, for the murder.  Bolles left behind a short note in his office typewriter explaining he would meet with an informant, then go to a luncheon meeting, and be back about 1:30 p.m. He was responsible for covering a routine hearing at the State Capitol. The source promised information on a land deal involving top state politicians and possibly the mob. A wait of several minutes in the lobby of the Hotel Clarendon was concluded with a call for Bolles to the front desk, where the conversation lasted no more than two minutes. Bolles then exited the hotel, his car in the adjacent parking lot just south of the hotel.  Bolles started the car, even moving a few feet, before a remote-controlled bomb, consisting of six sticks of dynamite taped to the underside of the car beneath the driver's seat, was detonated; the explosion shattered his lower body, opened the driver's door, and left him mortally wounded while half outside the vehicle. Both legs and one arm were amputated over a ten-day hospital stay but the eleventh day was the reporter's last. However, his last words after being found in the parking lot the day of the bombing were: "They finally got me. The Mafia. Emprise. Find John [Harvey Adamson]."  The exact motive for the crime remains a mystery, but many speculate Mafia responsibility, as a large concentration of Bolles' work involved organized crime, even going as far as to run a story naming over 200 known Mafia members operating in the state of Arizona.
    1977 - Top Hits
“Sir Duke” - Stevie Wonder
“I'm Your Boogie Man” - KC & The Sunshine Band
“Dreams” - Fleetwood Mac
“Luckenbach, Texas” (“Back to the Basics of Love”) - Waylon Jennings
    1977 – New Jersey allows casino gambling in Atlantic City.  In 1974, New Jersey voters voted against legalizing casino gambling statewide, but two years later approved a new referendum which legalized casinos, but restricted them to Atlantic City. Resorts Atlantic City was the first casino to open in 1978 after the legislature approved laws responding to the election after determining that the official monitors from the New Jersey Casino Control Commission were essential and New Jersey law stated that gambling establishments could not legally operate without state oversight.
    1978 - Bruce Springsteen's long awaited album, "Darkness On The Edge of Town" is released. Springsteen was prevented from recording for a year due to litigation involving his former manager. The album included the tracks "Badlands," "Prove It All Night" and the title track.
    1979 - Donna Summer's "Hot Stuff" hits #1
    1985 - Nancy Lopez wins the LPGA tournament$record
    1985 - Lightning struck a house, broke a bedroom window, and jumped to a metal frame bed. A man was killed but his wife was unharmed by the lightning
    1985 - Top Hits
“Everything She Wants” - Wham!
“Everybody Wants to Rule the World” - Tears for Fears
“Axel F” - Harold Faltermeyer
“Don't Call Him a Cowboy” - Conway Twitty
“Sick of Love” - Waylon Jennings
    1986 – Rod Carew announced his retirement from baseball.  Carew compiled a .328 career batting average over 19 major league seasons with the Minnesota Twins and California Angels   He was elected into the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1991.
    1987 - Thunderstorms spawned seven tornadoes in West Texas and six tornadoes in Illinois. Thunderstorms in Illinois produced wind gusts to 70 mph at McComb and Mattoon. Thunderstorms in southern Texas produced 5.5 inches of rain south of Seguin, and up to eight inches of rain in Washington County. 
    1988 - Severe thunderstorms in Texas and Oklahoma produced hail more than three inches in diameter near Stillwater, OK, and softball size hail in Jones County of north central Texas. Baseball size hail and 70 mph winds caused an estimated 100 million dollars damage around Abilene, TX.
    1988 - True story:  singer James Brown's wife Adrienne claims diplomatic immunity while fighting numerous traffic violations under the grounds that she's the wife of the Official Ambassador of Soul.
    1989 - Thunderstorms produced severe weather across much of the south central U.S. through most of the day and night. Thunderstorms spawned a dozen tornadoes, and there were 123 reports of large hail and damaging winds. Thunderstorm winds gusted to 78 mph at Russell, KS, and baseball size hail was reported at Denver, CO, Cuthbert, TX, and in Reeves County, TX. Afternoon thunderstorms in southern New England produced wind gusts to 120 mph at Fitchburg, MA, causing five million dollars damage.
    1990 - 66 tornadoes struck parts of the Midwest, the Ohio Valley, and the Great Lakes area with the majority of the tornadoes in the Ohio Valley. 7 of the tornadoes were rated F4 on the Fujita scale. Indiana was the hardest hit with 37 tornadoes and 8 deaths. This outbreak was the largest outbreak since the super outbreak of April 3-4, 1974.
    1992 - k.d. lang publicly declared her homosexuality in an interview with the Advocate, a US gay and lesbian publication. lang talked frankly about her lesbian lifestyle and her unrequited love for a married woman.
    1994 - Top Hits
“Swear” - All-4-One
“I'll Remember” (From “With Honors”) - Madonna
“The Sign” - Ace Of Base
“Return To Innocence” - Enigma
    1997 - Timothy McVeigh was found guilty of bombing the federal building in Oklahoma City two years ago.
    1999 - Top Hits
“Livin La Vida Loca” - Ricky Martin
“If You Had My Love” - Jennifer Lopez
“No Scrubs” - TLC
“Fortunate” - Maxwell
    2000 - With the Tigers visiting Wrigley Field for the first time since the 1945 World Series, Cub reliever Rick Aguilera pitches a perfect ninth inning for his 300th save to nail down a 2- 0 Chicago victory.
    2000 - For the first time a Major League Baseball team chooses to honor a hero from a different sport as the Montreal Expos will wear Maurice Richard's uniform number (9) on their jerseys to honor the late Montreal Canadians star.
    2010 - After 22 seasons of compiling can’t miss Hall of Fame statistics, Mariner outfielder Ken Griffey, Jr. unexpectedly issues a statement through the team announcing that he has decided to retire. The now 40-year old "Junior," once known as the Kid, leaves the game fifth on the All-time career home run list with 630 round-trippers.
    2010 – Armando Galarraga threw a one-hitter in a 3-0 win over Cleveland but in the eyes of most observers, he pitched a perfect game.  The only baserunner he gave up was with two outs in the 9th inning, when Jason Donald was called safe on an infield hit by umpire Jim Joyce; however, replays showed that the throw from 1B Miguel Cabrera to Galarraga covering beat Donald to the bag.  Joyce acknowledged after the game that he had made a mistake on the call.  Had he been successful in completing the perfect game, it would have been the third in the Majors in less than a month.  Ironically, Galarraga has not played in the Majors since 2012.



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