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Friday, June 30, 2023

Today's Leasing News Headlines

Bill in New York to Put Vehicle Brokers and
  Independent Leasing Companies Out of Business
    By Sloan Schickler, Esq.
CLFP Membership: Companies with 3 or More Members
    Companies One or Two Members Count Total 1,334
Academy for Certified Lease & Finance Professionals
    August to October
New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
    and Related Industries
Leasing and Finance Industry Help Wanted
    Hiring Many Departments, Plus Senior Sales Team
The Progressive Path to Peak Performance:
  Embracing the Power of Recovery
    By Ken Lubin, ZRG Partners
Special 4th of July Movie Recommendations
    by Fernando Croce
Terrier Mix
    Albany, New York  Adopt-a-Dog
July 4 – Early Bird Deadline/Exhibitors
  2023 AACFB Commercial Financing Expo
    Orlando, Florida September 20-21
News Briefs ---
SAG-AFTRA members may go on strike soon.
   Here are four reasons why
Work Advice: How experienced workers
    can help new hires integrate
Walgreens Closing 150 Stores;
    Everyone Should Worry
Teamsters: National UPS Strike
   is Imminent
Wildfire Smoke Blows in Concerns
    for Mid-Atlantic Farms
Aurora mayor invites Chicago Bears to relocate
     stadium to suburb with 2-page letter

You May Have Missed --
A Billionaire Baseball Owner Failed to Extort

    Oakland, So He’s Scamming Nevada Instead

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (wrilter's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months
Sales Make It Happen

Sports Briefs
   California News
    "Gimme that Wine"
 This Day in History
   Daily Puzzle
     Weather, USA or specific area
      Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release,” it was not written by Leasing News nor has the information been verified, but from the source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “byline.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.


Bill in New York to Put Vehicle Brokers and
Independent Leasing Companies Out of Business
By Sloan Schickler, Esq.

For the fifth year in a row this February, a bill was introduced in the New York State Assembly with the intent of putting vehicle brokers and independent leasing companies out of business. Over the last 5 years, various iterations of the bill have been introduced—each with a different twist. The bill introduced in February, ostensibly regulating automobile brokers, was sponsored by Assemblymember Robert Carroll. The United Auto Workers and the Greater New York Automobile Dealers Association (“GYNADA”) are behind the bill which was picked up in the New York State Senate by Senator Scarcella-Spanton. As drafted, the bill would have covered and impacted independent leasing companies as well as used car dealers, qualified dealers and internet companies.

Among other issues, the bill only permitted the consumer to pay the broker’s fee directly to the broker. The broker could not get paid by any other source. This is untenable. In a surprising twist, with just 4 days left in the legislative session, Senator Thomas introduced a different bill ostensibly regulating the brokers. Thomas’ bill was passed by the Senate although it never came to the floor for a vote in the Assembly. The new bill bizarrely prevented the brokers from getting paid by anyone other than the dealers. Among other things, this new bill also prevented brokers from preparing credit applications, making it impossible for a broker to help prepare the application for the dealer that ultimately applies for the credit on behalf of the customer.

The irony of the dealers and the union being behind the bill is that each year they claim the customers in New York State sorely need protection from the brokers. Notably, dealers’ activities continue to top the list of consumer complaints in New York State. Dealers ranked 5 of the top 10 consumer fraud complaints in 2022 for the third year in a row on the Attorney General of the State of New York (“AG”) press release dated March 7, 2023, with 2,590 complaints. This represents a 13% increase over 2021. The AG press release does not contain any reference to complaints against brokers. Moreover, last year dealers were admonished by manufacturers to stop price gouging consumers. See GM and Ford Article In fact, dealers made a fortune taking advantage of consumers and low inventory as a result of the pandemic. (See NY Times Article_.

Automobile brokers are a key part of the auto market. They are a trusted intermediary between customer and dealer, often speak the customer’s language and explain the deal terms. Brokers assist disabled customers who need special accommodations, are unable to visit a dealership or require extra assistance to obtain vehicle conversion accessories. Qualified dealers in New York and brokers in business for more than 40 years have developed clientele whom they service for the life of the vehicle. Broker business depends on repeat customers and word of mouth. Bad practices will lead to losing customers. Brokers search out the best deal for the consumer, so the consumer spends less on a car. Without brokers, customers likely will pay more.

Moreover, in 1995, the National Automobile Dealers Association (“NADA”) entered into a consent decree with the United States Department of Justice (“DOJ”) as a result of a complaint brought against the NADA alleging anticompetitive practices designed to lessen competition among car dealers.  U.S. v. National Automobile Dealers Association, Civil Action No. 95-1804 (HHG) (D.D.C.)

Among the practices alleged was urging dealers to boycott auto brokers. Dealers sought to keep brokers out of the auto market because brokers were able to create transactions for consumers at lower cost to the consumer. The NADA Reduced Margins Task Force Report in 1994 recommended: “Refuse to do business with brokers or buying services. They inevitably do harm to new vehicle gross margin potential.” In the consent decree, the NADA agreed to abstain from such anticompetitive practices for 10 years.

Just 15 years after the consent decreed expired, the GNYADA took up where the NADA left off. GYNADA’s March 4, 2021 Legislative Update stated: “[t]his week, the Association took another step forward in its effort to curtail this industry [brokers] by forming a special committee with the single task of passing sorely needed broker reform legislation.” Nowhere in the GNYADA newsletter and no memorandum in support of any of the bills introduced over the past 5 years contain concrete factual information explaining why broker activities require reform in New York. The bills are just a sweeping measure, year after year, to put the brokers out of business, thereby removing any competition against dealers.

I was hired in 2019 by the New York Automobile Leasing Brokers Association along with some independent leasing companies to orchestrate their opposition to these bills. Be certain that the fight is not over. We will need to be vigilant in the coming months to oppose this type of legislation in New York.

If you are interested in learning more or joining the battle against the broker bill, please get in touch with me.

Sloan Schickler, Esq.
Schickler & Schickler PLLC
One Rockefeller Plaza, FL11
New York, NY 10020
Direct Dial: 212-262-5297


CLFP Membership: Companies with Three or More Members
Companies One or Two Members Count Total 1,334

174 companies have 1 CLFP = 174 
38 companies have 2 CLFPs = 76 
And the remaining CLFPs come from companies that have 3+ CLFPs as listed below = 1,087

Company CLFPs
First American Equipment Finance 143
U.S. Bank Equipment Finance 66
DLL 60
Ascentium Capital LLC 51
The Huntington National Bank 46
Key Equipment Finance 40
Amur Equipment Finance 35
Stearns Bank NA-Equipment Finance Division 33
Channel 31
Oakmont Capital Holdings, LLC 30
AP Equipment Financing 29
Arvest Equipment Finance 28
Financial Pacific Leasing, Inc. 28
Unknown 25
First Citizens Bank Equipment Finance 23
North Mill Equipment Finance 21
KLC Financial, Inc. 17
Odessa 17
ECS Financial Services, Inc. 16
Orion First Financial LLC 14
Stryker 14
Navitas Credit Corp. 13
Northland Capital Financial Services, LLC 13
Ivory Consulting Corporation 12
Beacon Funding Corporation 11
Cadence Bank 11
Fleet Advantage, LLC 11
1st Source Bank 10
Alliance Funding Group 10
Canon Financial Services, Inc. 9
Great American Insurance 9
Quality Equipment Finance 9
Solifi 9
Taycor Financial 9
GreatAmerica Financial Services 8
Tokyo Century (USA) Inc. 8
Wintrust Specialty Finance 8
BMO Harris Equipment Finance Company 7
Commercial Equipment Finance, Inc. 7
Crossroads Equipment Lease & Finance LLC 7
Lease Corporation of America 7
LTi Technology Solutions 7
Truist 7
CoreTech Leasing, Inc. 6
First Commonwealth Bank 6
Retired 6
Tamarack Technology, Inc. 6
Cisco Systems Capital Corporation 5
Univest Capital, Inc. 5
Vision Financial Group, Inc. 5
APEX Commercial Capital Corp. 4
Auxilior Capital Partners, Inc. 4
Falcon Equipment Finance 4
First Foundation Bank 4
Hanmi Bank 4
LEAF Commercial Capital Inc. 4
Mitsubishi HC Capital America, Inc. 4
UniFi Equipment Finance, Inc. 4
Western Equipment Finance 4
Balboa Capital a Division of Ameris Bank 3
Commerce Bank 3
Commercial Capital Company, LLC 3
Dext Capital 3
FinWise Bank 3
MAZO Capital Solutions 3
NCMIC Finance Corporation 3
Nexseer Capital 3
Northteq, Inc. 3
QuickFi by Innovation Finance 3
Siemens Financial Services, Inc. 3
TD Equipment Finance, Inc. 3
Transport Enterprise Leasing LLC 3
38 Various Companies 2
174 Various Companies 1
Grand Total




Academy for Certified Lease & Finance Professionals
August to October

The Academy for Lease and Finance Professionals (ALFP) is a three-day event designed to fully prepare an individual to sit for the CLFP exam assuming the attendee has already self-studied. A trend has begun in having virtual online sessions.

During the first two days, all of the required sections of the CLFP exam are covered in-depth. On the third day, the exam is offered but is not mandatory and may be taken on another day.

Students are strongly advised to have read and studied The Certified Lease & Finance Professionals' Handbook prior to attending the class in order to ensure success.

Leasepath Public, Virtual ALFP
Aug 8 – 9, 2023
August 14 - 15, 2034

Stearns Public, In-Person ALFP
September 19 – 29

Great America Private, In-Person ALFP
October 10 – 17

DLL Private, Virtual ALFP
October 17 - 18

Professional Handbook for Taking the Test in 2023

About Academy

Professional Handbook for Taking the Test in 2023

About Academy


New Hires/Promotions in the Leasing Business
and Related Industries

Amanda Bringhurst was hired as Vice President, Syndication Sales, U.S. Bank, Wayne, Pennsylvania. Previously, she was at DLL, starting November 1999, Program Specialist, promoted November, 1999, Quality Business Analyst (November, 1999 - May 2002); Associate Director, Syndications (March, 2002). Full Bio:

Ryan Little was promoted to Senior Managing Director, Trinity Capital,  Phoenix, Arizona. He joined the firm December, 2017, Managing Director, Equipment Financing; Previously, he was Manager, Mid Market Currency Capital (June, 2015 - December, 2017);  Sales Manager, Balboa Capital (June, 2006 - January, 2015.)

Shayla Jasper was hired as Executive Account Manager, Franchise Finance, Star Hill Financial, a "certified Women Business Enterprise (WBE) and independent equipment and franchise finance company based in Fairfield, Connecticut."She is located in Columbus, Nebraska. Previously, she was Senior Account Manager, Pacific Premier Bank (May, 2017 - March, 2023); Sales/Event Coordinator, River's Edge Convention Center Ramada Columbus (February, 2015 - May, 2017); Business Owner, Lollipop Kids Daycare (February, 2010 - February, 2015); Department Manager, Menards (November, 2002 - February, 2010).


Leasing and Finance Industry Help Wanted
Highly Trained Operation Staff/Work from Home
Excellent Compensation/Marketing Support


The Progressive Path to Peak Performance:
Embracing the Power of Recovery
By Ken Lubin,  ZRG Partners

In the relentless pursuit of peak performance, a paradigm shift is underway. No longer is it solely about pushing harder and working longer hours. Instead, the focus has shifted towards recognizing the transformative power of recovery in unlocking our true potential. Recovery is not a hindrance to success; it is the catalyst that propels us forward. In this blog post, we will explore the progressive approach to peak performance, where recovery takes center stage as a vital element in the journey towards greatness.

Phase 1: Building Awareness

The first step on the progressive path to peak performance is building awareness. Recognize that success is not solely determined by endless work and hustle, but by optimizing the delicate balance between effort and recovery. Understand the toll that constant stress and overexertion can take on your physical and mental well-being. Realize that recovery is not a luxury but a necessity for sustained growth and optimal performance.

Phase 2: Physical Restoration

Once awareness is established, focus on physical restoration. Embrace the concept of active recovery, which involves strategic rest and rejuvenation techniques. Incorporate rest days into your training regimen, allowing your body time to repair and rebuild. Prioritize quality sleep to recharge your energy stores and promote muscle recovery. Pay attention to proper nutrition, fueling your body with the nutrients it needs to thrive. By restoring your physical well-being, you create a solid foundation for peak performance.

Phase 3: Mental Rejuvenation

With physical restoration in progress, shift your attention to mental rejuvenation. Recognize the impact of mental fatigue on performance and embrace practices that promote mental recovery. Cultivate mindfulness through meditation or relaxation techniques to quiet the mind and reduce stress. Take regular breaks throughout the day to recharge and refocus. Engage in activities unrelated to work that bring you joy and inspiration. By nourishing your mind, you enhance cognitive function, creativity, and mental resilience.

Phase 4: Emotional Rebalance

Emotional well-being is an integral part of the progressive path to peak performance. Acknowledge the power of emotions and their influence on your performance. Create a supportive environment that encourages emotional expression and self-care. Seek social connections and surround yourself with positive influences. Engage in activities that nourish your soul and bring you fulfillment. By fostering emotional balance, you cultivate a strong foundation for sustained motivation and passion.

Phase 5: Integration and Growth

As you progress through the phases of awareness, physical restoration, mental rejuvenation, and emotional rebalance, you will witness the integration of these elements into your daily life. Recovery becomes an inherent part of your routine, seamlessly intertwined with your efforts towards peak performance. You will experience increased resilience, consistent progress, and an unwavering drive to push your boundaries. Embrace growth as a continuous journey, where each recovery phase amplifies your potential and propels you towards new heights.

The progressive approach to peak performance involves recognizing the transformative power of recovery. By building awareness, focusing on physical restoration, nurturing mental rejuvenation, and fostering emotional rebalance, you unlock the true potential within you. Embrace the progressive path as a lifelong journey, where recovery becomes an integral part of your pursuit of greatness. As you embrace the power of recovery, you will witness remarkable growth, consistent performance, and a life filled with purpose and fulfillment.

Ken Lubin
Managing Director
ZRG Partners, LLC
Americas I EMEA I Asia Pacific
C: 508-733-4789

The Ultimate Hire Collections:


Special 4th of July Movie Recommendations
by Fernando Croce

With the Fourth of July just ahead, we at Leasing News are proud to recommend five red, white and blue movies that are sure to get audiences laughing, cheering, and saluting.

Ruggles of Red Gap (1935): A treasure from Thirties Hollywood, this classic comedy paints an endearing portrait of harmony between disparate cultures in a still-young America. In a wonderfully wry performance, Charles Laughton stars as Ruggles, a very proper British valet who finds himself in the Old West when his aristocratic boss (Roland Young) loses him on a card game to a rowdy American rancher, Egbert Floud (Charlie Ruggles). In the town of Red Gap, he’s mistaken for a nobleman, falls in love with a local widow (ZaSu Pitts), and hopes to make his dream of owning a restaurant of his own come true. Directed with a beautifully relaxed touch by Leo McCarey (“The Awful Truth”), this gently utopian vision features a memorable recitation of Abraham Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address.

Shane (1953): Few Westerns are as beloved as this iconic classic, in which director George Stevens (“A Place in the Sun”) presents genre icons with mythical reverence. Alan Ladd stars as the eponymous gunfighter, a mysterious man with a violent past who rides into a small Wyoming town and changes the lives of those around him. Taking a job with local homesteader Joe (Van Heflin), Shane falls in love with his wife Marian (Jean Arthur) while becoming a hero to their young son (Brandon de Wilde). When a marauding landowner hires a ruthless killer (Jack Palance) to intimidate the townspeople, the stranger finds himself going back to the ways he had sworn off. Consciously aiming for folk-tale grandeur, Stevens’ film lingers as an attempt to turn familiar genre into poetic national dream.

Junior Bonner (1972): Forever associated with the ferocious bloodbaths of his classic films, Sam Peckinpah (“The Wild Bunch”) also possessed a lyrical streak that emerged on occasion, such as in this tender, funny modern-day Western. In a role that beautifully shows the human cracks in his armor of cool, Steve McQueen stars as Junior Bonner, a rodeo rider who, as middle age creeps up on him, heads back to his old family home in Arizona. There, he catches up with his rambunctious father (Robert Preston), disillusioned mother (Ida Lupino), and opportunistic younger brother (Joe Don Baker), whose businesslike dealings contrast sharply with Junior’s romanticism for the open road. It all comes together for the Fourth of July parade, where old wounds reemerge and persistent dreams get a second chance.

Stroszek (1977): For an offbeat vantage point of America, you can hardly do better than this harsh and luminous drama from eccentric German master Werner Herzog (“Aguirre: The Wrath of God”). Bruno Stroszek (played by the galvanizing Bruno S.) is a Berlin accordion-player who endures a harsh life of joblessness and threats. Together with his wizened neighbor (Clemens Scheitz) and a battered prostitute (Eva Mattes), he follows his dream and moves to rural Wisconsin, where he hopes to get a taste of the American Dream. Delighted by the friendliness of the locals, Bruno however soon experiences culture shock as he tries to navigate this new land. Taking the point of view of a bewildered immigrant, Herzog’s film blends despair and humor into a surreal love letter to America.

Cape Fear (1991): For audiences who like their Fourth of July viewing with a harder edge, check out Martin Scorsese’s supercharged remake of the 1962 thriller, featuring Robert De Niro in one of his scariest performances. De Niro plays Max Cady, a brutal criminal who, following a long stint in prison, seeks revenge on Sam Bowden (Nick Nolte), the defense attorney whom he holds responsible. Set on destroying the Bowden family, Max stalks Sam’s wife, Leigh (Jessica Lange) and tries to seduce their teenage daughter, Danielle (Juliette Lewis, in an Oscar-nominated turn). Directed with ferocious glee by Martin Scorsese (“Taxi Driver”), this is a subversive thriller that envisions a memorable maelstrom of Independence Day fireworks. Keep an eye out for the original’s stars, Robert Mitchum and Gregory Peck, in cameos.


Terrier Mix
Albany, New York  Adopt-a-Dog


Fawn White/Cream
Up to Date Vaccinations
Coat Length: Medium
Good in home with
Other Dogs

Meet Peluza

**WE ARE ALWAYS IN NEED OF FOSTER HOMES** Homeward Bound Dog Rescue is an all volunteer rescue organization and all our dogs and puppies are in foster homes - we are not a shelter and do NOT have a facility where we house our dogs. For adoption information go to: You must fill out an application online as we do NOT accept applications at our clinics.

Meet Peluza: A 1 year old, 28 pound Fox Terrier Mix. She gets along well with other dogs. She can start off a little shy. Peluza was rescued from the streets of Puerto Rica by a rescuer willing to start teaching her leash walking. She took her freedom flight to NY to find her forever home.

Please complete your online application to learn more about this sweet girl!

We are presently not holding our regular Saturday adoption clinics due to the Covid-19 virus. We are operating on a limited basis until further notice, but we are still adopting dogs out. We require an approved application before we consider anyone for an adoption - so filling out the application is your first step. Different dogs and puppies go up for adoption EVERY WEEK so please feel free to visit the site and click on the Petfinder link for updates. Puppies and dogs up to 2 years old are $350. Dogs over 2 years old are $250. 100% of the adoption fees go to help us save more dogs.

Homeward Bound Dog Rescue of NY
P.O. Box 5782
Albany, NY 12205
(518) 424-1738


July 4 -  Early Bird Deadline
2023 AACFB Commercial Financing Expo
Orlando, Florida September 20-21


News Briefs---

SAG-AFTRA members may go on strike soon.
   Here are four reasons why

Work Advice: How experienced workers
    can help new hires integrate

Walgreen's Closing 150 Stores;
    Everyone Should Worry

Teamsters: National UPS Strike
   is Imminent

Wildfire Smoke Blows in Concerns
    for Mid-Atlantic Farms

Aurora mayor invites Chicago Bears to relocate
     stadium to suburb with 2-page let


A Billionaire Baseball Owner Failed to Extort
    Oakland, So He’s Scamming Nevada Instead


Sports Briefs---

Baseball Scouts Call In Artificial Intelligence Help From the Bullpen


California News Briefs---

PG&E Seeks Roughly $7 Billion Federal Loan
   to Reduce California Wildfire Risk

Can’t afford a single-family home? Bay Area house
    hunters opt for condos as homeownership costs soar

Large Antioch housing development on track
     on former grazing land

Work Advice: How experienced workers
    can help new hires integrate


Gimme that Wine


It’s Not Summer Without a Tinto de Verano
   ---perfect for at-home bars, too

See our top picks for that perfect wine
   to go with a juicy burger for Fourth of July

Taylor’s celebrates first port wine in space
     limited-edition ‘galactic-inspired’ gift box

Old Vines Step into the

TV chef Guy Fieri launches new Tequila Añejo
  with partner and former Van Halen vocalist Sammy


This Day in History

    1629 - The settlers of Salem, Mass. appointed Samuel Skelton as their pastor, by ballot. Their church covenant, afterward composed by Skelton, established Salem as the first non-separating congregational Puritan Church in New England. They had arrived on June 27 as the first settlers of Massachusetts Bay Colony, entering Salem Harbor. Led by John Winthrop, they were 900 strong, and arrived in five ships.
    1712 - Head of the Pennsylvania colony, William Penn, 67, suffers a massive stroke and is rendered almost completely helpless. His second wife, Hannah Callowhill Penn, 41, convinces (some say bribed) colony officials to not notice that she guides Penn's hand in signing colonial documents. She goes on to rule the colony in Penn's name for 6 years and then another eight in her own name. She had been pregnant with their second of eight children when the couple embarked on the 3-month ship voyage from England to the New World in 1699. William Penn died at age 73 July 30, 1718. Penn's will gives full control of the colony and his fortune to his widow, Hannah, and she will govern it for 8 more years for a total of almost 14 years. (What? You didn't read that in your history books??? She fights Indians, corrupt politicians, and the British King but she does not give up her right to govern what becomes the Keystone state. The most serious challenge comes from Penn s oldest son by his first marriage who seeks to set aside his father's will. Hannah successfully fights the suit. She dies in 1726 from a stroke at age 55. Of the 13 original colonies, two of them were governed by women through crucial years: Margaret Brent in Maryland and Hanna Penn in Pennsylvania. 
    1768 - Birthday of Elizabeth Kortright Monroe (d. 1830), NYC.  Wife of President James Monroe who ended elaborate, time-consuming social call obligations of the Presidential family. Such calls were so important that they were even discussed at a Presidential cabinet meeting.
    1812 - The Treasury notes bearing interest were authorized by an act of Congress. The president was authorized to issue treasury notes to an amount not exceeding $5 million. The interest was fixed at “five and two-fifth per centum a year.”
    1859 - Conquest of Niagara Falls. Charles Blondin, a French acrobat and aerialist (whose real name was Jean Francois Gravelet), in view of a crowd estimated at more than 25,000 persons, walked across Niagara Falls on a tightrope. the walk required only about five minutes. On separate occasions he crossed blindfold, pushing a wheelbarrow, carrying a man of his back and even on stilts. Blondin was born Feb. 28, 1824, at St. Omer, France, and died at London, England, Feb. 19, 1897.
    1862 - The Seven Days' Battles continues at Glendale (White Oak Swamp), Virginia, as Robert E. Lee has a chance to deal a decisive blow against George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia had already won the Seven Days' Battles, but the Confederates' attempt to rout McClellan cost many Southern casualties. The Seven Days' Battles were the climax of McClellan's Peninsular campaign. For two months, the Union army sailed down Chesapeake Bay and then inched up the James Peninsula. In late June, the two forces began a series of clashes in which McClellan became unnerved and began to retreat to his base at Harrison's Landing on the James River. Lee hounded him on the retreat. On June 30, Lee plotted a complex attack on the Yankees as they backed down the peninsula. He hoped to hit the front, flank, and rear of the Union army to create confusion and jam the escape routes. Those attacks did not succeed, as they required precise timing. Lee's own generals were confused, the attacks developed slowly, and they made only temporary ruptures in the Federal lines. Most disappointing for Lee was the performance of General Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson. Jackson was coming off a brilliant campaign in the Shenandoah Valley, but he showed little of his skill during the Seven Days' Battles. His corps halted at the edge of White Oak Swamp, and he focused his attention on taking a bridge from the Yankees. His officers located fords that would have allowed his men to bypass the bottleneck, but Jackson stayed put. This allowed the Union to move troops from Jackson's sector of the battlefield to halt a Confederate attack in another area. Lee's failure at Glendale permitted McClellan's army to fall back to higher, more defensible locations. The next day, July 1, Lee assaulted Malvern Hill and his army suffered tremendous casualties in the face of a withering Union artillery barrage.
    1863 - The first Civil War bloodshed north of the Mason-Dixon Line was a battle that took place between Brigadier General Judson Kilprick's 3rd Cavalry Division, Army of the Potomac, and Major General James Ewell Brown Stuart's Cavalry Division, Army of Northern Virginia, at Hanover, PA. About 11,000 troops were in this cavalry and artillery engagement, which resulted in more than 300 casualties. The battle was one of the determining factors that enabled the North to win the battle at Gettysburg, PA, in July, 1863.
    1864 - Congress levied a system of placing stamps on each package of cigarettes to indicate payment of tax.
    1864 - Salmon P. Chase resigned from the Senate in 1861 to become the 25th Secretary of the Treasury as the Civil War began. He served for President Lincoln in that capacity from March 7, 1861 until June 30, 1864. when he again resigned. He helped build and establish the National Banking System in 1863, was not in favor of paper money without "tender." As a note of trivia, he was a very religious man and it was at his demand that paper and coin have printed on it:
“In God we trust.” Never truly accepting his defeat at the 1860 Republican National Convention, throughout his term at the Treasury department Chase repeatedly attempted to curry favor over Lincoln for another run at the Presidency in 1864. Chase had attempted to gain leverage over Lincoln three previous times by threatening resignation (which Lincoln declined largely on account of his need for Chase's work at Treasury), but with the 1864 nomination secured and the financial footing of the United States Government in solid shape, in June 1864 to Chase's great surprise Lincoln accepted his fourth resignation offer. Partially to placate the Radical wing of the party following the resignation, however, Lincoln mentioned Chase as an able Supreme Court nominee. Several months later, upon Roger B. Taney's death in 1864 Lincoln nominated him as the Chief Justice of the United States, a position which Chase held from 1864 until his death in 1873. In great contrast with Taney, shortly after taking office Chase allowed the first African-American attorney to gain admittance to practice before the Court.
    1864 - President Abraham Lincoln signed the Yosemite Land Grant, Senate Bill 203. The legislation provided California with 39,000 acres of the Yosemite Valley and the nearby Mariposa Big Tree Grove "upon the express conditions that the premises shall be held for public use, resort, and recreation."
    1865 (approximate) – Dahteste or Tah-Des-Te (d. 1955) was an Apache woman warrior, born in southeastern Arizona. It was not at all uncommon for girls to choose the warrior's way in several of the matrilineal governed Indian societies - as some men chose to be wives to other men, or to raise children, etc. Dahteste was regarded as a great warrior and hunter. She was a mediator between Geronimo and the U.S. Calvary. 
    1868 - Mabel Cratty (d. 1928) was born in Bellaire, OH.  Social worker and general secretary of the National Board of the Young Women's Christian Association. Under her leadership the organization went from 300 branches to 1,300. 
    1870 - The first female law school graduate was Ada H. Kepley of Effingham, IL, who was graduated from the Union College of Law, Chicago, IL.
    1879 - The first electric company organized to produce and sell electricity was the California Electric Light Company, San Francisco, CA, organized this day. In September, 1879, it furnished current from a central generating station for light Brush arc light lamps.
    1896 - The first eclectic stove was a one-ring spiral-coiled conductor invented by William S. Hadey, Jr. of New York City, who obtained a patent this day. It provided a uniform surface distribution of heat.
    1906 - The Pure Food and Drug Act was passed. It prohibited the sale of adulterated foods and drugs and demanded an honest statement of contents on labels. Dr. Harvey W. Wiley was mainly responsible for pointing up the necessity for this act. On the same day a Meat Inspection Act was passed by Congress. It was the result of the Reynolds and Neil report of June 4, which revealed shockingly unclean conditions in meat-packing plants. The Meat Inspection Act required sanitary conditions and federal inspection for all plants in interstate commerce.
    1906 - John Hope becomes first black president of Morehouse College. He also became president of Atlanta University.
    1909 - The first delivery of the coin bearing the likeness of a president was delivered to the Cashier of the Mint, and distribution began on August 2. The coin bore a likeness of President Abraham Lincoln, designed by Victor David Brenner and based on a photograph taken in 1864 by Mathew B. Brady. The coinage began at the Mint in Philadelphia, PA.
    1912 - Birthday of Daniel Farrell (Dan) Reeves (d. 1971), Pro Football Hall of Fame executive, born at New York, NY. The heir to a chain of grocery stores, Reeves purchased the Cleveland Rams of the NFL in 1941. The team won the NFL title in 1945 but faltered financially. Reeves got the approval of his fellow owners to move the franchise to Los Angeles, the first major league team in any sport to play on the West coast. The Rams survived a challenge from the AAFC while Reeves broke the league's color barrier and pioneered the use of television. Inducted in the Pro Football Hall of Fame in 1967.
    1917 - Actress, singer, legendary personality Lena Horne (d. 2010) born in Brooklyn, New York. She began her career at 16 as a chorus girl at the Cotton Club in Harlem, appeared in the movies Cabin in the Sky and Stormy Weather & has Broadway career culminating in her one woman show. Horne was a strong civil rights advocate, refusing to perform in clubs where African-Americans were not admitted and marching during the civil rights movement in the 1960s.
    1921 - The first former president to become chief justice of the Supreme Court was William Howard Taft, who was appointed chief justice on June 30, 1921. he resigned on February 3, 1930, a few weeks before his death.
    1922 - Fiddlers Eck Robertson and Henry C. Gilliland made what are believed to be the first discs ever recorded by Southern country musicians. Following a Confederate reunion in Virginia, Robertson and Gilliland, dressed as Western plainsmen, traveled to New York. They recorded six titles for the Victor Company, some of which were released in April 1923.
    1930 - Catholic saints who were active in North America were canonized in a three-day celebration commencing this day. Each of those canonized was credited with having performed two miracles and having met a heroic death. Among them were two laymen, Rene Gloupil and John Lalande, and six Jesuit priests: Isaac Jogues, John De Brebeuf, Noel Chabanel, Anthony Daniel, Gabriel Lalemant, and Charles Gamier. The Pontifical Mass was calibrated at the Vatican by Archbishop Forbes of Ottawa, Canada.
    1934 - Emperor Norton I reburied in Woodlawn Cemetery, Colma by citizens of San Francisco, including The Ancient and Honorable Order of E Clampus Vitus. Norton I was buried January 10, 1880 at Masonic Cemetery. The funeral cortege was two miles long. 10,000 people turned out for the funeral. Masonic Cemetery which was located between Turk, Fulton, Parker and Masonic Streets on what is today parts of the University of San Francisco. The cemetery was moved to the Woodland Memorial Park in Colma, San Mateo County. During the period from 1852 to the mid 1940s the Big Four cemetery neighborhoods, Laurel Hill, Calvary, Masonic and Odd Fellows, covered Laurel Heights, Jordan Park and Long Mountain, and were moved, 5,600 alone from the Masonic Cemetery, including Emperor Norton I (35,000 from Laurel Hill to Cypress Lawn) as wells as Jewish, Greek, and others 1800's small cemeteries.
    1936 - Congress enacted the first 40 hour work week, primarily for “workers on government contracts,” with the requirement of compensation of overtime over in excess of over eight hours each day. The act was known as the Walsh-Healy Act.
    1936 - Folksinger Dave Van Ronk (d. 2002) born in Brooklyn, NY; nicknamed the "Mayor of MacDougal Street." He was a pioneer of instrumental ragtime guitar, as well as an early supporter of Bob Dylan and Joni Mitchell, among many others. Van Ronk was very influential on the music scene in New York City in the 1960s.
    1939 - Frank Sinatra made his first appearance with Harry James' band. Sinatra was center stage at the Hippodrome Theatre in Baltimore, MD, where he sang My Love for You. He was a winner of a very popular radio show talent show, similar to today's "American Idol."
    1942 - The temperature at Portland, OR, hit 102 degrees, an all-time record for that location.
    1946 - The first atomic bomb dropped from an airplane was released from Dave's Dream, an Air Force B-29 Superfortress over the Bikini Lagoon in the Pacific Ocean. 
    1948 - The transistor was invented at the Bell Telephone Laboratories, Murray Hill, NY by John Bardeen, Walter Houser Brattain, and William Schockley. The first demonstration took place this day. The essential element of the device was a tiny waver of germanium, a semiconductor. Transistors perform the same functions as vacuum tubes but occupy a fraction of the space and operate on greatly reduced amounts of power. The three inventors shared the Nobel Prize for physics in 1956. The transistor enabled the growth of the electronic industry.
    1943 - Florence Ballard (d. 1976) of the Supremes was born in Detroit. The three original Supremes - Ballard, Diana Ross and Mary Wilson - grew up together in a housing project. Through a friendship with members of the Temptations, the trios, then calling themselves the Primettes, were introduced to Berry Gordy, who signed them to Motown in 1961. It was Florence Ballard who suggested a change of name for the group - to the Supremes. It wasn't until their 10th single, "Where Did Our Love Go," in 1964 that the Supremes hit the top of the charts. Other number-one records for the Supremes that year included "Baby Love" and "Come See About Me." Diana Ross gradually emerged as the star of the group, and this and other problems led to Florence Ballard's departure from the Supremes in 1967. She later sued Ross and Berry Gordy, alleging she had been forced out of the group. Ballard lost the suit, and when she died three years later of cardiac arrest at the age of 32, she and her three children were living on welfare.
    1948 - The Federal Communication department authorized telephone recording devices that produced a distinctive “beep” signal at regular intervals, to let those taking part in the conversation known that their voices were being recorded. Recording devices had been used previously by government and business.
    1948 - Congress enacted the Water Pollution Control Act, which took effect this day. It provided funds for sewage treatment systems and pollution research and empowered the Justice Department to file suit against t polluters.
    1948 - Canadian folk and country singer Murray McLauchlan was born in Paisley, Scotland. Brought to Canada at age five, McLauchlan began his career in coffee houses in Toronto's Yorkville district when he was 17. The success of his "Farmer's Song" in 1973 resulted in the first of his annual concert tours across Canada, and appearances in the US. "Farmer's Song," which won a gold record award for sales, also gave McLauchlan Juno Awards in 1973 for best folk single, best country single and composer of the year. He also won Junos in 1976, '77 and '79 for best male country singer.
    1949 - Top Hits
Some Enchanted Evening - Perry Como
Again - Gordon Jenkins
Bali Ha'i - Perry Como
One Kiss Too Many - Eddy Arnold
    1950 - A naval blockade of the Korean coast and the use of U.S. ground forces were authorized by President Harry S. Truman. the president had received the approval of Congress and the UN Security Council on June 27 to order US forces to South Korea to repel the North Korean invasion. While the war was to halt the invasion of communists, it was very unpopular in the United States and with inflation, the high deficit, Truman's popularity was at an old time low. On July 1, the first U.S. ground forces land in Korea, August 4, US. Army calls up 62,000 enlisted reservists for 21 months of duty, and September 8, emergency powers over the entire national economy were granted to President Truman under the Defense Production Act.
    1951 - Rock and jazz bass player Stanley Clarke was born in Philadelphia. Following stints with such well-known jazz artists as Art Blakey, Gil Evans and the Thad Jones-Mel Lewis Orchestra, Clark and pianist Chick Corea formed a jazz-rock group called Return to Forever in 1972. The group's albums were popular but Return to Forever disbanded in 1976. Clarke joined Rolling Stones guitarists Keith Richards and Ron Woods in 1979 for a North American tour as the New Barbarians. Among their appearances were two charity concerts for the blind in Oshawa, Ontario. The concerts were in lieu of a jail sentence for Richards on heroin possession charges.
    1952 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Delicado," Percy Faith Orchestra.
    1953 - The first sports car with a plastic laminated fiberglass body was the Chevrolet Corvette, produced this day at Flint, MI, by the Chevrolet Motor Division of the General Motors Corporation. The list price was $3,250, including a 1953 power glide automatic transmission as standard equipment. The car was only 333 inches at the door (body height), 70 inches wide, and 167 inches long on a 102-inch wheelbase. Its curb weight was approximately 2,900 pounds. It was the “hottest” car of the generation, before foreign sports cars overtook its sleekness and speed.
    1956 - The first airline disaster involving more than 100 persons occurred when a Trans World Airlines Super constellation on route from Los Angeles to Kansas City collided with a united Air Lines DC-7 traveling from Los Angeles to Chicago and Newark. The accident took place over the Grand Canyon in Arizona. There were 128 deaths.
    1957 - Buddy Holly records "Peggy Sue". In real life, she was Peggy Sue Gerron, the girlfriend of Crickets drummer Jerry Allison. The song was initially titled "Cindy Lou", but Allison convinced Buddy to change the title just before the recording session. Allison and Gerron were later married. 
    1962 - Pat Boone's "Speedy Gonzales" enters the Billboard Hot 100 where it will reach #6. It was a song that Pat had to plead with his producer Randy Wood to let him record after he had first heard it in The Philippines. The tune would prove to be Boone's last Top 40 entry after a run of 7 years and 37 other hit singles. In 2010, "Speedy Gonzales" was used heavily by Canadian cellular telephone company Telus in a television commercial. 
    1965 - The first hotel built over a pier was the Flagship Hotel, Galveston, Texas. The hotel containing 240 rooms, was built on a pier 1,500 feet long and 340 feet wide, extending into the Gulf of Mexico.
    1957 - Top Hits
Love Letters in the Sand - Pat Boone
Teddy Bear - Elvis Presley
It's Not for Me to Say - Johnny Mathis
Four Walls - Jim Reeves
    1961 - Whitey Ford becomes the first pitcher in American League history to win eight games in one month. 'Slick's' complete-game 5-1 victory over the Senators is the Yankees' 22nd win in June.
    1962 - Los Angeles Dodger, Sandy Koufax, pitched his first no-hitter in a game against the New York Mets. Koufax would throw three more no-hitters before retiring in 1966.
    1965 - Top Hits
Mr. Tambourine Man - The Byrds
(I Can't Get No) Satisfaction - The Rolling Stones
Wonderful World - Herman's Hermits
Before You Go - Buck Owens
    1966 - The National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded at Washington, DC, by people attending the Third National Conference on the Commission on the Status of Women. NOW's purpose is to take action to bring women into full partnership in the mainstream of American society, exercising all privileges and responsibilities in equal partnership with men.
    1966 - Birthday of Louis Raymond (Louie) Agular, football player, born, Livermore, CA.
    1966 - The Supremes make the studio recording of "You Keep Me Hangin' On." The song tops Billboard's Hot 100 for two weeks and R&B singles chart for four weeks.
    1966 - LONG, DONALD RUSSELL, Medal of Honor.
Rank and organization: Sergeant, U.S. Army, Troop C, 1st Squadron, 4th Cavalry, 1st Infantry Division. place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 30 June 1966. Entered service at: Ashland, Ky. Born: 27 August 1939, Blackfork, Ohio. G.O. No.: 13, 4 April 1968. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Troops B and C, while conducting a reconnaissance mission along a road were suddenly attacked by a Viet Cong regiment, supported by mortars, recoilless rifles and machine guns, from concealed positions astride the road. Sgt. Long abandoned the relative safety of his armored personnel carrier and braved a withering hail of enemy fire to carry wounded men to evacuation helicopters. As the platoon fought its way forward to resupply advanced elements, Sgt. Long repeatedly exposed himself to enemy fire at point blank range to provide the needed supplies. While assaulting the Viet Cong position, Sgt. Long inspired his comrades by fearlessly standing unprotected to repel the enemy with rifle fire and grenades as they attempted to mount his carrier. When the enemy threatened to overrun a disabled carrier nearby, Sgt. Long again disregarded his own safety to help the severely wounded crew to safety. As he was handing arms to the less seriously wounded and reorganizing them to press the attack, an enemy grenade was hurled onto the carrier deck. Immediately recognizing the imminent danger, he instinctively shouted a warning to the crew and pushed to safety one man who had not heard his warning over the roar of battle. Realizing that these actions would not fully protect the exposed crewmen from the deadly explosion, he threw himself over the grenade to absorb the blast and thereby saved the lives of 8 of his comrades at the expense of his life. Throughout the battle, Sgt. Long's extraordinary heroism, courage and supreme devotion to his men were in the finest tradition of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself and the U.S. Army. 
    1966 - The Beatles appear at the first of three concerts at Nippon Budokan Hall in Tokyo, Japan. Amateur recordings of the performance quickly became available as a bootleg album known as "Three Nights in Tokyo". 
    1970 - Riverfront Stadium Opens. The Cincinnati Reds opened their new home, Riverfront Stadium, with a game against the Atlanta Braves. 51,050 fans packed the new park, but Henry Aaron hit a home run for Atlanta in the first inning, and the Braves won, 8-2. Riverfront Stadium later became known as Cinergy Field.
    1971 - The United States Supreme Court ruled that the "Pentagon Papers," documents on American involvement in the Vietnam War, could be published; the Nixon government had tried to suppress them.
    1971 - The 26th Amendment to the Constitution, lowering the minimum voting age to 18, was ratified as Ohio became the 38th state to approve it.
    1971 - Paul Revere and the Raiders receive a Gold record for their only US #1 hit, "Indian Reservation". 
    1972 - The entire state of Pennsylvania was declared a disaster area as a result of the catastrophic flooding caused by Hurricane Agnes, which claimed 48 lives, and caused 2.1 billion dollars damage.
    1973 - Top Hits
Give Me Love (Give Me Peace on Earth) - George Harrison
Will It Go Round in Circles - Billy Preston
Kodachrome - Paul Simon
Don't Fight the Feelings of Love - Charley Pride
    1974 - "Jaws'" famous July 4th scene was filmed. Until Steven Spielberg was satisfied, a crowd of 400 screaming, panicking extras in bathing suits ran from the water.
    1974 - Mrs. Alberta King, mother of the late Martin Luther King, was assassinated during a church service The murder happened as she sat at the organ in the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta. The Rev. Martin Luther King, Sr., struck by the violent deaths of his two sons and by the tragic death of his wife Alberta, said at her funeral service on July 3, “I cannot hate any man.”
    1974 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Rock the Boat," The Hues Corporation.
    1975 - Cher and Gregg Allman of the Allman Brothers Band were married. She had been divorced from Sonny Bono only several days. Nine days after marrying Allman, Cher was again suing for divorce.
    1977 - The theatrical rock group Kiss released a comic book of themselves. The story that band members contributed some of their blood to the printing ink undoubtedly helped boost sales past 
    1978 - Willie McCovey of the San Francisco Giants became the 12th player in Major League history to hit 500 home runs. His milestone blast came off pitcher Jamie Easterly of the Atlanta Braves, but the Giants lost, 10-5
    1981 - Top Hits
Bette Davis Eyes - Kim Carnes
A Woman Needs Love (Just like You Do) - Ray Parker Jr. & Raydio
The One that You Love - Air Supply
Blessed are the Believers - Anne Murray
    1983 - After a ten-year split, The Everly Brothers announced that they would be reuniting. The pair had parted company after Phil smashed his guitar and walked off the stage during a 1973 performance. 
    1985 - After 4,625 performances, Yul Brynner left his role as the King of Siam in "The King and I." The show had run at the Broadway Theatre in New York City, on and off, for over 34 years. Less than four months later, Brynner was dead of lung cancer at the age of 65. Brynner had opened in "The King and I" on Broadway in 1951. He also starred in the 1956 movie version.
    1985 - For the 13th time since 1972, the world's official timekeeping atomic clock counted off one extra second at 23:59 Greenwich Mean Time, or UCT, Universal Coordinated Time, (7:59:59 p.m. in New York). The leap second was compensation for the gradual slowing down of the Earth's rotation.
    1985 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Sussudio," Phil Collins.
    1987 - Hot weather prevailed in the Pacific Northwest, with readings above 100 degrees reported as far north as southern British Columbia. Yakima, WA, reported a record high of 100 degrees, while temperatures near the Washington coast hovered near 60 degrees all day. Thunderstorms prevailed from southwest Texas to New England. Thunderstorm winds gusting to 100 mph at Gettysburg, PA, killed one person. High winds and large hail caused more than five million dollars damage to property and crops in Lancaster County, PA.
    1989 - 26-year-old Paula Abdul is the featured performer of the Club MTV: Live show in Miami. Her debut album "Forever Your Girl" is currently climbing towards the top of the Billboard chart.
 @ Fillmore West in San Francisco Artist: David Singer
    1971 -  June 30th thru July 4th: In San Francisco, the Last Days of the Fillmore West Boz Scaggs, Cold Blood, The Flamin' Groovies, Stoneground, It's a Beautiful Day, Elvin Bishop Group, Grootna, Lamb, Grateful Dead, The New Riders of the Purple Sage, The Rowan Brothers, Quicksilver Messenger Service, Hot Tuna, Yogi Phlegm, Santana, Credence Clearwater Revival, Tower of Power, San Francisco Light Works, Little Princess #109, and Heavy Water 
    1988 - Former Beach Boy Brian Wilson released his first record in 22 years, "Love and Mercy." The album was not a commercial success. On the same date, the Beach Boys released the single "Kokomo," which went to number one. 
    1989 - Winnfield, LA, reported 22.52 inches of rain in three days, and more than thirty inches for the month, a record for June. Shreveport LA received a record 17.11 inches in June, with a total for the first six months of the year of 45.55 inches. Thunderstorms also helped produce record rainfall totals for the month of June of 13.12 inches at Birmingham AL, 14.66 inches at Oklahoma City, OK, 17.41 inches at Tallahassee FL, 9.97 inches at Lynchburg, VA, and more than 10.25 inches at Pittsburgh, PA. Pittsburgh had also experienced a record wet month of May.
    1989 - Top Hits
Satisfied - Richard Marx
Buffalo Stance - Neneh Cherry
Baby Don't Forget My Number - Milli Vanilli
I Don't Want to Spoil the Party - Roseanne Cash
    1994 - The U.S. Figure Skating Association stripped Tonya Harding of the 1994 national championship and banned her from the organization for life for an attack on rival Nancy Kerrigan.
    1995 - At the Metrodome, Indians' designated hitter Eddie Murray collects his 3000th career hit off Mike Trombley to become the 20th player to accomplish the feat. 'Steady Eddie' joins Pete Rose as only the second switch-hitter to reach the milestone.
    1995 - Garth Brooks buried a copy of his album "The Hits" beneath his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. It was the first object to be preserved underneath the walk.
    1996 - Neil Young premieres his album, "Broken Arrow" via the Internet. The album is slated for release on July 2, two days after its technologically advanced premiere.
    1998 - Linda Tripp, whose tape-and-tell friendship with Monica Lewinsky spurred a White House crisis, spent six hours testifying before a grand jury in Washington. Her revelations were about to almost bring down the presidency of the United States.
    1998 - With an eighth-inning homer against the Diamondbacks, Cubs' slugger Sammy Sosa extends his Major League record for home runs in a month, hitting his 20th round-tripper in June.
    2012 - Mid-Atlantic storms in the United States kill 13 and leave millions without power in Ohio, Virginia, Maryland and the District of Columbia
    2015 – Misty Copeland became the first African American principal dancer of the American Ballet Theater.
    2019 – President Trump became the first sitting US president to visit North Korea.



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