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Leasing News is a web site that posts information, news, and
entertainment for the commercial alternate financing,
, finance and leasing industries

Wednesday, May 18, 2016

Today's Equipment Leasing Headlines

Gordon Glade, Founder Axis Capital, is Out!
  No Statement Where He Went or Why
Commercial and Industrial Loans Continue Down
  "The fuel of the US economy is getting cut off"
Major Changes Coming in Bank, Finance, Leasing Regulations
  US Treasury Financial Regulator Reform Information
Leasing Industry Ads---Help Wanted
  Position Now Available—Tell a Colleague
Sales Make it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP
  How to Leverage Your Sales Efforts
Why I Became a CLFP
  Joseph Bonanno (MBA, JD)
Academy for Lease & Finance Professionals
  Learn to be a Certified Leasing and Finance Professional
Tom McCurnin in Guatemala
  Photographs Hiking to Top of Volcano
Locally Owned Trucking Company in Minnesota
  Receives $5 Million Financing from KLC Financial
FDIC Requests Comment Proposed Rule to Prohibit
Incentive-Based Pay that Encourages Risk-Taking
Labrador Retriever Mix
  Grand Island, Nebraska  Adopt-a-Dog
Over 500 Credit Jobs Available
  Compiled by Credit Today
News Briefs---
NFS Leasing of Beverly, Mass. Sues Signal Share
  for $7.8 Million Over Alleged Fraudulent Leases
LendingClub Tumbles After Investors Suspend Debt Purchases
  Justice Dept. Subpoena/Security & Exchange to Examine, too
LendingClub Says It Doesn't Need to Restate
  Financial Statements
New federal crowdfunding rules give companies
  another tool to get cash
In a first, Bizfi crosses $144 million in Q1 funding
"partnership with Western Independent Bank in March..."
Three reasons to lease your trucks 
  Fleet Equipment Magazine
Uninsured Rate for Working-Age Adults Decreases in Majority
  of Counties, Census Bureau Reports
America's vanishing West:
   California losing most land to development

Broker/Funder/Industry Lists | Features (writer's columns)
Top Ten Stories Chosen by Readers | Top Stories last six months (Be Careful of Doing Business)
Leasing News Icon for Android Mobile Device

You May have Missed---
   SparkPeople--Live Healthier and Longer
   Winter Poem
    Sports Briefs---
      California Nuts Brief---
       "Gimme that Wine"    
          This Day in American History
           Daily Puzzle
               Weather, USA or specific area
                 Traffic Live----

######## surrounding the article denotes it is a “press release” and was not written by Leasing News nor information verified, but from the source noted. When an article is signed by the writer, it is considered a “by line.” It reflects the opinion and research of the writer.



Gordon Glade, Founder Axis Capital, is Out!
No Statement Where He Went or Why

Gordon Glade
Former Executive VP, Amur Finance
Former CEO, Axis Capital

Gordon Glade, the Founder of Axis Capital in 1996, is out, confirmed by a spokesperson for the company. Dean Rubin, Executive Vice President, Credit and Collections, considered a key driver to the company, was let go June, 2014. He reportedly ran the credit department in addition to other duties. He now runs Ultimate Financing, a Division of Navitas Lease Corp.

Leasing News was told by an Axis spokesperson, "There are no additional changes at this time. Yes, Mike Coon is an active member of the Axis Capital management team focused on building out our Syndication division, a critical part of our long term strategic goals."

Michael Coon
Vice President-Syndications Manager

Coon appears to be the surviving executive to date, in place nine months, since September, 2015. He previously was at Lease Corporation of America, TAB Bank, and Orion First Financial.

He told Leasing News, “All is good, very busy.”

January 8, 2016 Leasing News ran the press release:

AXIS Capital Board of Directors Announces
Expansion of Senior Management Team

GRAND ISLAND, NE - Axis Capital, Inc. (Axis), one of the nation's leading commercial equipment finance companies, today announced that its Board of Directors has implemented certain management changes, effective immediately, to further enhance the company's human capital and position the company for substantial growth in the North American market.

Mostafiz ShahMohammed, current Chairman of Axis, has taken on the additional role of CEO. He is supported by the new appointment of Malia K. Du Mont as Co-President and COO along with the promotion of Andrea Zana to Co-President and Chief Risk Officer. Shauna Heckathorn remains in the role of CFO. Gordon Glade, founder and former CEO of Axis, has become Vice Chairman focused on expanding business in Canada; former Axis President Cecilia Park is taking on the newly formed position of Executive Vice President for Investment Strategy at Axis' parent company, Amur Finance Company.

March 11, 2016, the latest DBRS report: "For the ratings that were confirmed, performance trends are such that credit enhancement levels are sufficient to cover DBRS’s expected losses at their current respective rating levels. For the upgraded securities, performance trends are such that credit enhancement levels are sufficient to cover DBRS’s expected losses at their new respective rating levels."
(membership required)

Leasing News has been reporting on the major changes happening at
Axis Capital, specialist in the small and mid-ticket finance ranging from $10,000 to $2 million. They are very popular with brokers for the low rates who reportedly value collateral as more important than credit or financial statements.

DBRS reports: "Although Axis Capital finances a wide variety of equipment, the growing focus of its originations has been in recent years on heavier construction equipment, trucks and trailers, food service equipment and manufacturing and industrial equipment. As such, Axis Capital’s originations focus on hard, tangible assets that are core to its customers’ business. Through its network of over 2,000 equipment vendors and dealers, Axis Capital finances over 50 categories of equipment, with an average original equipment cost for the Contracts in the Asset Pool ranging from $975 to $1.85 million. The customer base primarily consists of small- to medium-sized companies engaged  in  businesses  across  a  wide  array  of  industries  including  trucking,  restaurants,  general  building  contractors and concrete and excavation work."


Commercial and Industrial Loans Continue Down
"The fuel of the US economy is getting cut off

by Bob Bryan,

The warning signs of a credit slowdown are beginning to appear. The Federal Reserve's Weekly H.8 report shows that growth in lending for commercial and industrial loans (C&I) has significantly cooled off in recent weeks

According to Bespoke Investment Group, the annualized quarter-over-quarter growth rate of C&I loans fell to 15.17%. Just two weeks ago this was 19.34%.

C&I loans are those given to businesses to fund activities from buying equipment to building factories. A slowdown in loans to businesses would most likely translate into lower investment, affecting everything from the labor market to manufacturing and service.

(Perhaps another major sign occurred when California Governor Jerry Brown cut back the state budget as forecasters see a decline this year in growth of tax revenues. Editor). 


(Leasing News provides this ad as a trade for appraisals
and equipment valuations provided by Ed Castagna)


Major Changes Coming in Bank, Finance, Leasing Regulations
     US Treasury Financial Regulator Reform Information

The US Treasury has issued a White Paper on Financial Regulator Reform with the premise "Rebuilding Financial Supervisor and Regulation."  It is reportedly the response to the Treasury's July 2015 "Request for Information." There are many proposals and objective for banking for banks and nonbank financial institutions in the 80 page proposal, including:

  • Promote Robust Supervision and Regulation of Financial Firms 
  • Establish Comprehensive Regulation of Financial Markets Protect Consumers and Investors from Financial Abuse
  • Provide the Government with the Tools it Needs to Manage Financial Crises 
  • Raise International Regulatory Standards and Improve International Cooperation 

The strength of the proposals is "The creation of a Financial Services Oversight Council to facilitate information sharing and coordination, identify emerging risks, advise the Federal Reserve on the identification of firms whose failure could pose a threat to financial stability due to their combination of size, leverage, and interconnectedness (hereafter referred to as a Tier 1 FHC), and provide a forum for resolving jurisdictional disputes between regulators.   

  • The membership of the Council should include (i) the Secretary of the Treasury, who shall serve as the Chairman; (ii) the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System; (iii) the Director of the National Bank Supervisor; (iv) the Director of the Consumer Financial Protection Agency; (v) the Chairman of the SEC; (vi) the Chairman of the CFTC; (vii) the Chairman of the FDIC; and (viii) the Director of the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA).  
  • The Council should be supported by a permanent, full-time expert staff at Treasury.  The staff should be responsible for providing the Council with the information and resources it needs to fulfill its responsibilities.

“Our legislation will propose to give the Council the authority to gather
information from any financial firm and the responsibility for referring
emerging risks to the attention of regulators with the authority to respond.”

It appears very far reaching and covers not just banking and finance, but capital leasing, including what is known as Alternate Finance, Merchant Finance. The new group sees the writing on the wall is coming and they want to get involved in the “language,” perhaps the main reasons there are now six Alternate Finance associations, obviously wanting to have their voice heard in Washington. Right now they have the cash to get top attention.

Financial Regulation Reform (89 pages):


Alternate Finance Associations

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and put “subscribe” in the subject box.


Leasing Industry Help Wanted

Sales Representative
San Francisco

2 to 3 Years in Financial Services

The keys to success at ATEL include:

• Ability to learn quickly and effectively
• Money motivated
• Competitive, never say die attitude

"You were born to win, but to be a winner,
you must plan to win, prepare to win,
and expect to win." - Zig Ziglar

For Further Information, click here
ATEL Capital Group, headquartered in the Transamerica Pyramid in San Francisco, is one of the largest independent equipment financing companies in the US serving a wide range of industries, focusing on Fortune 1000 companies and other near investment grade credit corporations. Since 1977 ATEL has priced, structured and negotiated in excess of $30 billion of equipment lease financing transactions


Credit/Syndication Analyst

Position located in Denver, Colorado or Gig Harbor, Washington.

For the right candidate ability to work remote may be an option.

Commercial equipment leasing/finance experience preferred, but must have 2+ years commercial credit experience, strong knowledge of business and credit principles.

For more information, please click here
   A Funding Source for Small Business Since 1981


For information on placing a help wanted ad, please click here:

Please see our Job Wanted section for possible new employees.



Sales Make it Happen by Scott Wheeler, CLFP

How to Leverage Your Sales Efforts

Successful commercial equipment leasing and finance originators leverage every transaction, relationship and call. Chasing singular transactions is one dimensional. Connecting the dots and turning one transaction (or one relationship) into five, twenty, or fifty additional opportunities is what creates success in 2016. Top originators think and act based upon long-term goals:

  • Can this contact (vendor or end-user) refer me to others that can use my services? Asking for referrals is key.
  • Is there other equipment this end-user could need which I can provide capital?  Turning a customer into a multi-scheduled customer is essential for long-term sustainability.
  • Can I help my clients better understand the capital markets? Sharing industry and market trends with clients builds trust and allows clients the opportunity to share valuable information with you. Sharing of knowledge is a powerful tool in building meaningful networks.
  • Are there other professionals within my clients (vendors or end-users) that I should know or have deeper relationships with? Customer penetration is a necessity and it's inexcusable to not build relationships with multiple contacts within every client.

Top producers expand their network exponentially by asking tough questions, digging deeper into every conversation and being fully engaged in their relationships. Building a multi-dimensional network is fun, it delivers results, and distinguishes top producers from average producers at the end of the month, quarter, and year. 

Available Here:

Scott A. Wheeler, CLFP
Wheeler Business Consulting
1314 Marquis Ct.
Fallston, Maryland 21047
Phone: 410 877 0428
Fax: 410 877 8161

Sales Makes it Happen articles:



Why I Became a CLFP
Joseph Bonanno (MBA, JD)

Joseph Bonanno (MBA, JD), is admitted to the Massachusetts Bar and Federal Bar for the District of Massachusetts, specializing in the representation of those in the equipment leasing industry. In addition to maintaining his own practice, he is General Counsel to the National Association of Equipment Leasing Brokers (NAELB).

The CLFP designation is something that is valuable to all those in the leasing industry, including licensed professionals such as myself that take pride in their level of service to the industry. There are a few topics pertaining to the CLFP that I would like to touch on:

• The exam and studying. If you are committed to this industry, then the exam is something that you can successfully pass. Yes, it is work and study time, but it can be done at your leisure. I spent most of my time studying for the exam at the beach on Sunday afternoons. The study process was similar to what I went through in law school: read the material, create your own outline and condense that outline. That way, the night before the exam you are studying perhaps 15 - 20 pages of material, not looking through the entire handbook in a panic. Like any other test, study and preparation are keys to success. I am convinced that anyone that has experience in the industry, studies seriously for the exam and takes the exam seriously will be successful in the exam. The exam was a full day exam, but the most important thing to remember about the exam was that you could always try again. In fact, I looked at the exam not as intimidating, but as something that was fun, a chance to show exactly what I knew about leasing and finance.

• The reasons to become a CLFP. There are both personal and industry reasons for becoming a CLFP. In a selfish way, I can address the personal reasons. Passing the CLFP examination demonstrates a mastery of the body of knowledge that is required to be proficient in the leasing industry. From the perspective of the industry as a whole, an industry - wide designation of proficiency in the industry is a much better alternative than industry - wide regulation. Therefore, it is beneficial to the industry as a whole to encourage industry participants to participate in the CLFP program. Think of it as your contribution to helping avoid industry regulation.

• Why I took the CLFP. Professional Development, that's key to any business ranging from the practice of law to equipment leasing. It is important for anyone in any industry to continue to educate themselves, to obtain knowledge that makes them more competitive in what they do and to have a finer appreciation for the reasons why an industry functions the way that it does. Equipment leasing by definition is multi-disciplined and multi-dimensional. The CLFP credential demonstrates that the CLFP has an understanding of the multi-disciplines that are required to be proficient in the leasing industry. This understanding is what, in my opinion, leads to professional development in the leasing industry.

And selfishly, the CLFP designation helps me to better serve my leasing and finance industry clients. And it can do the same for those in the industry that want to serve their customers, vendors funding sources or brokers. I recommend the CLFP program for individual professional development and advancement in the industry.

Why I Became a CLFP Collection



Academy for Lease & Finance Professionals
Learn to be a Certified Leasing and Finance Professional

The Academy for Lease and Finance Professionals is a three-day event designed to fully prepare an individual to sit for the CLFP exam assuming the attendee has already self-studied. During the first two days, all of the required sections of the CLFP exam are covered in-depth and on the third day, the exam is offered, but not mandatory.

Students are strongly advised to have read and studied The Certified Lease & Finance Professionals' Handbook prior to attending the class in order to ensure success: $59.95 - 388 pages. Available at Amazon or direct at:

The cost to attend the class is $600 and the cost of the exam is $695.  When purchased together, the total is discounted to $1250. Current CLFPs are offered a discounted price of $395 and class attendance satisfies the Recertification requirement.

For information on the San Francisco Area Academy, click here:

Up-Coming Classes

Philadelphia Area
Academy for Lease & Finance Professionals -
Thu,  September 22, 2016 8:00 AM (PDT) End. Sat.  • TBD

Denver Area
Academy for Lease & Finance Professionals -
Thu, November 03, 2016 8:00 AM (PDT) End. Sat.• Littleton, CO

CLFP also has a mentor program. For questions or to register, please contact: or (206) 535-6281


Tom McCurnin in Guatemala
Photographs Hiking to Top of Volcano

Readers who followed Leasing News Legal Editor first venture in Guatemala, reported last Wednesday, on his way up Acatenago Volcano, not far from the City of Antigua. According to travelers, it is the most beautiful volcano in all of Central America.

Based in the Acatenango Valley, it is a designated coffee-producing region of Anacafé. Here is where the made a campsite to spend the night.

One of the highlights of the trip is the view of Volcan Fuego as it threatens an eruption, which happened on the trip. The climbers were awakened as Mt. Fuego blows at 5am with a large Ka-Boom.

Two hours later, this photo shows Tom with Volcan Fuego still smoldering in the background.

The hikers travel down, returning to basecamp.

Tom takes a break with the travelers by a large tree.

Back at the Basecamp



### Press Release ##############################

Locally Owned Trucking Company in Minnesota
Receives $5 Million Financing from KLC Financial

Minneapolis, Minnesota – -  KLC Financial, Inc. (KLC) a market leader in commercial equipment leasing & financing businesses nationwide, is  proud to announce the restructuring of debt for a local, family owned, trucking company. The company has been in business since 1928. They provide transportation services for state and federal owned construction projects in and around the twin cities metro area, along with commercial building projects throughout the country. They credit their success to their employees and their longstanding customer relationships.
KLC provided $5MM+ so they could pay off their current bank, restructure the debts of the company and position them for continued success.

KLC Financial has been specializing in custom business financial solutions for all types of businesses since 1987.  Being a truly independent financing company, KLC is able to create custom lease financing solutions for the ever-growing market today.  Clients include Fortune 500 companies, middle-market, small businesses and start up business ventures, KLC has developed sophisticated leasing plans to match this diverse marketplace. 

Marc Keepman
KLC Financial

“We are grateful to have had this opportunity to successfully structure a financing package that helped and supported a locally owned and home grown trucking company that serves our community,” said Marc P. Keepman, CEO and President, who founded KLC Financial in 1987.

KLC is a Minnesota based company with a strong reputation for providing custom equipment leasing and financing solutions. KLC has established strategic programs with a host of banks, equipment vendors and other equipment finance companies nationwide. This has resulted in client relationships generating consistent growth in equipment lease and finance agreements annually. While continuing to build volume profitably, KLC is committed to establishing solid, long-term relationships with clients, investing partners and referral sources.

For more information about the leasing and financial business services provided by KLC Financial please visit or contact the customer care team at (952) 224-4300.

##### Press Release ############################

Receivables Management LLC

John Kenny

• End of Lease Negotiations & Enforcement 
• Third-Party Commercial Collections | ph 315-866-1167|

(Leasing News provides this ad as a trade for investigative
reporting provided by John Kenny)


##### Press Release ############################

FDIC Requests Comment Proposed Rule to Prohibit
Incentive-Based Pay that Encourages Risk-Taking

Six federal agencies are inviting public comment on a proposed rule to prohibit incentive-based compensation arrangements that encourage inappropriate risks at covered financial institutions. The deadline for comments on the proposed rule, which was submitted for publication in the Federal Register, is July 22, 2016.

Section 956 of the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act requires the agencies to jointly prescribe such regulations or guidelines. There is evidence that flawed incentive-based compensation packages in the financial industry were one of the contributing factors in the financial crisis that began in 2007.

The proposed rules would apply to covered financial institutions with total assets of $1 billion or more. The requirements are tailored based on assets, and covered institutions would be divided into three categories:

    Level 1: institutions with assets of $250 billion and above;
    Level 2: institutions with assets of $50 billion to $250 billion; and
    Level 3: institutions with assets of $1 billion to $50 billion.

Much of the proposed rules would address requirements for senior executive officers and employees who are significant risk-takers at Level 1 and Level 2 institutions. All institutions that would be covered by the proposed rules would be required to annually document the structure of incentive-based compensation arrangements and retain those records for seven years. Boards of directors of covered institutions would be required to conduct oversight of the arrangements. All covered institutions would be subject to general prohibitions on incentive-based compensation arrangements that could encourage inappropriate risk-taking by providing excessive compensation or that could lead to a material financial loss.

Interested parties may find a copy of the 285 page proposed rule at:

### Press Release ############################

((Please click on ad to learn more))
(Leasing News provides this ad “gratis” as a means
to help support the growth of Lease Police)


Labrador Retriever Mix
Grand Island, Nebraska  Adopt-a-Dog

Animal ID:  6421505
Species: Dog
Age: 9 years 5 months 25 days
Sex: Male
Size: Large
Color: Black
Declawed: No
Housetrained: Unknown
Site: Central Nebraska Humane Society
Location: Kennel 11 sponsored by Izzy Girl
Intake Date: 11/28/2015
$25 to $120 Adoption Fee

'Hi all! I am Hunter, a 9-year-old Black Lab mix. I was surrendered to the shelter when my owner fell on hard times and could no longer afford to care for me. Although I am a senior gentleman, I do not act my age at all! I still love to play and act goofy. Since my arrival at the shelter, I have gone to two temporary foster homes that have allowed the shelter staff to learn a little bit more about my behavior in a home. For example, although I assess well with dogs and cats in a meet-and-greet, I become very dominant and possessive in an actual home. Because of this, I'm hoping to find a forever home where I can be the only four-legged kid. Also, I don't like strange men coming around, so I would be most successful in a fairly quiet home with few strangers coming and going. I know that it sounds like I'm asking for a lot, but I know that the perfect family is out there, just waiting for a guy like me. Could that be you?!?!"

Adopt and Protect this pet with the 24PetWatch Gift of Pet Insurance.
Visit us at or call 1-877-291-1524.

Central Nebraska Humane Society
1312 Sky Park Road
Grand Island, NE 68801
(308) 385-5305

Monday - Friday: 10:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m.
Saturday: 10:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m.

When you adopt a pet from CNHS you get more than a great pet. Each adoption includes the following:
Spaying (females) or neutering (males)
First Treatment for Worms
Flea and Tick Treatment
Temporary Vaccinations
Rabies Vaccination
Microchipping (dogs only)
Behavior and Training advice
Free veterinary examination within five working days of the adoption

Some things you should know about adopting before you come to the shelter:
Call us ahead of time to verify availability. Some pets are in foster homes and available to meet by appointment only.
We do not put animals on hold unless you are traveling from out of town. To request a travel hold, you MUST call ahead.

A meet-and-greet is required with some family pets. If you have pets, please speak with our adoption staff prior to your visit.

Adopt a Pet



Over 500 Credit Jobs Available
Compiled by Credit Today


News Briefs---

NFS Leasing of Beverly, Mass. Sues Signal Share for $7.8 Million Over Alleged Fraudulent Leases

LendingClub Tumbles After Investors Suspend Debt Purchases
  Justice Dept. Subpoena/Security & Exchange to Examine, too

LendingClub Says It Doesn't Need to Restate Financial Statements

New federal crowdfunding rules give companies another tool to get cash

In a first, Bizfi crosses $144 million in Q1 funding
"partnership with Western Independent Bank in March..."

Three reasons to lease your trucks

Uninsured Rate for Working-Age Adults Decreases in Majority of Counties, Census Bureau Reports

America's vanishing West: California losing most land to development

Credit/Syndication Analyst

Position located in Denver, Colorado or Gig Harbor, Washington.

For the right candidate ability to work remote may be an option.

Commercial equipment leasing/finance experience preferred, but must have 2+ years commercial credit experience, strong knowledge of business and credit principles.

For more information, please click here
   A Funding Source for Small Business Since 1981




--You May Have Missed It

Black Book's Vehicle Residual Value to Drop from 52% in 2016 to 47.8% by 2019


SparkPeople--Live Healthier and Longer

10 Life Lessons You Can Learn From Your Dog


Baseball Poem

Catcher Sings the Blues

From the book

That Sweet Diamond

by Paul B. Janeczko, Carole Katchen (Illustrator)

Crouching low, I sing the blues
The aches are now a part of me
Blocking home, I sing the blues
0, the aches are now a part of me
Bruises, bumps, and scrapes
Have worn me down, can't you see?

My knees sing the blues
They sing 'em when I stoop and bend
My knees sing the blues
0, they sing 'em when I stoop and bend
They crunch, crackle, pop
The hurtful noises never end.

My fingers sing the blues
When I grip a ball or make a fist
0, my fingers sing the blues
When I grip a ball or make a fist
The knuckles moan and cry
By fire every one is kissed

Crouching low, I sing the blues
The aches are now a part of me
Blocking home, I sing the blues
0, these aches are now a part of me
Too many bruises, bumps, and scrapes
I'm nothing like I used to be.

No, nothing like I used to be




Sports Briefs----

Reporter Says 49ers Owner Jed York Once Stuck Him with a $2100 Dinner Bill

Deal fit for a King: Carter says LeBron's Nike contract is worth more than $1 billion

Inglewood, Calif., Pins Hopes for Commercial Revival on N.F.L.’s Rams


California Nuts Briefs---

Los Gatos residents complain about corporate buses

More San Diego homes advertised in China

California’s high school graduation rate rises sixth year in row
82.3 percent of last year’s high school seniors won diplomas

McKinley Park trellis thief pleads no contest,
     gets one-year sentence, plus probation and pays fine


“Gimme that Wine”

Starbucks' Evening Program: Coffeehouse Kingpin Continues to Focus on Wine Sales

Cabernet Franc builds upon following as ‘third Bordeaux’

25 do's and don'ts of Sonoma County wine tasting

Free Mobile Wine Program

Wine Prices by vintage

US/International Wine Events

Leasing News Wine & Spirits Page


This Day in American History

      1631 - The General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony decreed that 'no man shall be admitted to the body politic but such as are members of some of the churches within the limits' of the colony. (Separation of church and state was an unthinkable concept in early American colonialism. In contrast to what is taught in schools, most were not escaping for religious freedoms, but were missionaries with strong prejudices against other religious groups except for their own.)  Separately, John Winthrop was elected the first Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony
    1652 - Rhode Island enacted a slavery emancipation law: “No blacken mankind or white... (maybe) forced by covenant bond or otherwise to serve any man or his assignees longer than ten years, or until they come to be 24 years of age, if they be taken in under 15, from the time of their coming within the Liberties of the Colonies, and at the end of termed of ten years... (are to be set) free, as is the manner with the English servants. And that man that will not let them goe free, or shall sell them elsewhere, to that end that they may be enslaved to others for a long time, he or they shall forfeit to the Colonie forty pounds.”
    1766 - The Church of the United Brethren in Christ was organized in Lancaster, PA, under the leadership of Martin Boehm, 41, and Philip William Otterbein, 39. (It became a branch of the Evangelical United Brethren in 1946.)
    1798 - The first Secretary of the U.S. Navy was appointed, Benjamin Stoddert. Stoddert was born in Maryland, in 1744, the son of Captain Thomas Stoddert. He was educated at the University of Pennsylvania, and then worked as a merchant. He served as a captain in the Pennsylvania cavalry and later as secretary to the Continental Board of War during the Revolution. During the war, he was severely injured and was subsequently released from active military service.  After Washington was elected President, he asked Stoddert to purchase key parcels of land in the area that would become the nation's capital, before the formal decision to establish the federal city on the banks of the Potomac.  In May 1798, President Adams appointed Stoddert to oversee the newly established Department of the Navy.  As the first Secretary of the Navy, Stoddert soon found himself dealing with an undeclared naval war with France, which would come to be known as the Quasi-War. Stoddert realized that the infant Navy possessed too few warships to protect a far-flung merchant marine by using convoys or by patrolling the North American coast. Rather, he concluded that the best way to defeat the French campaign against American shipping was by offensive operations in the Caribbean, where most of the French cruisers were based. Thus at the very outset of the conflict, the Department of the Navy adopted a policy of going to the source of the enemy's strength. American successes during the conflict resulted from a combination of Stoddert's administrative skill in deploying his limited forces and the initiative of his seagoing officers. Under Stoddert's leadership, the reestablished Navy acquitted itself well and achieved its goal of stopping the depredations of French ships against American commerce.  Stoddert concerned himself not only with the Navy's daily administration and operations, but also with the service's future strength. He established the first six navy yards and advocated building twelve 74 gunships.
    1822 – One of America’s first photographers, Matthew Brady (1822-1896), was born in Warren County, NY.  He studied under inventor Samuel F.B. Morse, who pioneered the daguerreotype technique in America. Brady opened his own studio in New York in 1844, and photographed Andrew Jackson and John Quincy Adams, among other celebrities. When the Civil War started, his use of a mobile studio and darkroom enabled vivid battlefield photographs that brought home the reality of war to the public. Thousands of war scenes were captured, as well as portraits of generals and politicians on both sides of the conflict, though most of these were taken by his assistants, rather than by Brady himself.
    1827 - Josiah Warren (1798–1874) opens his first Time Store in Cincinnati, Ohio — the first commercial cooperative.  He was an American reformer and anarchist.  An early follower of Robert Owen, he soon rejected Owen's political socialism, advocating instead anarchy based on “the sovereignty of the individual.” Warren founded several “equity” or "time" stores, with the idea of exchanging goods for an equivalent amount of labor and on the principle that cost should be the limit of price. He also established three utopian colonies:  the most successful was Modern Times (1851–c.1860), Long Island, N.Y. (now Brentwood). The most important of his publications was “True Civilization” (1863, 5th ed. 1875).
See "The Lemonade Ocean & Modern Times" by Hakim Bey,
    1830 - Edwin Budding of England signed an agreement for the manufacture of his invention, the lawn mower.
    1836 - Cynthia Ann Parker (1825-71), a blue-eyed blonde Caucasian woman, was captured by the Comanche at age nine. When U.S. soldiers found her four years later in a Comanche camp where she was living under the name "Prelock," she refused to return. She said she was happy living as a Comanche.  In 1860, she and her infant daughter were captured in a U.S. army raid and were forcibly detained. She was sent to Parker's father. The infant died soon after capture and Prelock died in 1871, according to legend, by starving herself to death longing to go back to the Comanche way of life.   Her eldest son, Quanah, became chief of the Kwahadi tribe which held out against the white man. Some called him the most ferocious Indian who ever lived. In 1875, he suddenly brought his people in and settled near the Wichita Mountains in Oklahoma and saw to it that Comanche children went to school and were educated.
    1849 - Sailing ship "Grey Eagle" arrived in San Francisco with 34 passengers from the East in 113 days, a record at that time.
    1852 - Massachusetts rules all school-age children must attend school
    1860 - Republican Party nominates Abraham Lincoln for president over William H. Seward who would become his Secretary of State.
November 6, 1860, Lincoln defeated his opponents with only 40% of the popular vote, becoming the first Republican to win the presidency. The announcement of his victory signaled the secession of the Southern states, which since the beginning of the year, had been publicly threatening secession if the Republicans gained the White House. By the time of Lincoln's inauguration on 04 March 1861, seven states had seceded and the Confederate States of America had been formally established with Jefferson Davis as its elected president. One month later, the American Civil War began when Confederate forces under General P. G. T. Beauregard opened fire on Union-held Fort Sumter in South Carolina. 
    1861 - Battle of Sewall's Point, VA is the first Union offensive against the South.
    1863 - A new sport became available to Americans with the introduction of roller skating by James L. Plimpton. Plimpton invented the four-wheel skate, which worked on rubber pads, thus permitting skaters to change direction by shifting their weight to one side or the other without lift the wheels of the skate off the ground. Roller skating became fashionable in New York City and soon spread to other cities. In Newport, RI, the Roller Skating Association leased the Atlantic House and turned its dining room and plaza into a skating rink. In Chicago, the Casino could accommodate 3000 spectators and 1000 skaters. In San Francisco, a rink advertised 5000 pairs of skates available for rent.
    1863 - Union General Ulysses S. Grant surrounds Vicksburg, the last Confederate stronghold on the Mississippi River, in one of the most brilliant campaigns of the war. On May 16, Grant fought the Confederates under John C. Pemberton at Champion's Hill and defeated them decisively. He then attacked again at the Big Black River the next day, and Pemberton fled into Vicksburg with Grant following close behind. The trap was now complete and Pemberton was stuck in Vicksburg, although his forces would hold out until July 4. In the three weeks since Grant crossed the Mississippi in the campaign to capture Vicksburg, Grant's men marched 180 miles and won five battles. They took nearly 100 Confederate artillery pieces and nearly 6,000 prisoners, all with relatively light losses.
    1864 - The fighting at Spotsylvania in Virginia, reaches its peak at the Bloody Angle. This was the second major battle in Grant’s 1864 Overland campaign. Following the bloody but inconclusive Battle of the Wilderness, Grant's army disengaged from Lee’s army and moved to the southeast, attempting to lure Lee into battle under more favorable conditions. Elements of Lee's army beat the Union army to the critical crossroads of Spotsylvania Court House, Virginia and began entrenching. Fighting occurred on and off from May 8 through May 21, 1864, as Grant tried various schemes to break the Confederate line. In the end, the battle was tactically inconclusive, but with almost 32,000 casualties on both sides, it was the costliest battle of the campaign.
    1872 - Bertrand Russell (d. 1970) was born in Trelleck, Wales. Philosopher, mathematician and social critic, one of the most widely read philosophers of this century.  Awarded Nobel Prize for Literature, 1950. Outspoken pacifist, imprisoned during World War I. Abandoned pacifism during World War II, but was a leading figure in the antinuclear movement. Imprisoned in 1961 for taking part in a demonstration in Whitehall. A pioneer of logical positivism. I took a course from him at UCLA and have read most of his books.
    1883 - An F4 tornado tracked 20 miles through Kenosha and Racine Counties in Wisconsin. 8 people were killed and 85 were injured. The tornado made a spectacular exit as a multiple vortex waterspout over Lake Michigan and was described as: "whirling columns of air seemed like great wreaths of smoke, bearing with them spiral columns of water...a half dozen could be seen at a time, then all would disappear and new ones would reform.”
    1896 – In Plessy v. Ferguson, the Supreme Court ruled separate-but-equal facilities constitutional on intrastate railroads. For fifty years, the Plessy v. Ferguson decision upheld the principle of racial segregation. Across the country, laws mandated separate accommodations on busses and trains, and in hotels, theaters, and schools. The premise was separate, but “equal.” When I first went to New Orleans in 1958, the facilities were not equal, but certainly separate. As I traveled in other parts of the South, Blacks would walk on one side of the main street, and whites on the other. Restaurants were “white only.” Rest rooms were “white only.” Even the French Quarter was quite segregated with “white only” jazz clubs, and further down you would find “black” or “Cajun,” which was even “rougher.” Drinks were much cheaper, the food simple, but delicious. We were musicians, so we never experienced any difficulty as often the two of us would be the only whites in the club. We had our own mouthpieces, as it was the tradition then, as I believe now, if you play someone else’s instrument, you used your own mouthpiece. I had both a clarinet and alto sax; Warren had his trumpet mouthpiece which he carries still today when we have gone to places where he would be invited to play.
    1897 – New York Giant 1B Bill Joyce set the MLB record of 4 triples in 1 game.
    1897 – “Dracula”, a novel by Irish author Bram Stoker, was published.
    1897 - Film director, producer and writer, Frank Capra (d. 1991), was born in Sicily.  Capra became one of America's most influential directors during the 1930s, winning three Oscars as Best Director. Among his leading films was “It Happened One Night” (1934), which became the first film to win all five top Oscars, including Best Picture. Other leading films in his prime included “You Can’t Take It With You” (1938) and “Mr. Smith Goes To Washington” (1939). During World War II, Capra served in the Army Signal Corps and produced propaganda films, such as the “Why We Fight” series.  After World War II, Capra's career declined as his later films like “It’s a Wonderful Life” (1946) were critically derided as being "simplistic" or "overly idealistic".  In succeeding decades, however, his films have been favorably reassessed.  Outside of directing, Capra was active in the film industry, engaging in various political and social issues. He served as President of the Academy of Motion Pictures Arts and Sciences, worked alongside the Screenwriters Guild, and was head of the Directors guild of America.
    1900 - Birthday of author Laura Z. Hobson (d. 1986) in New York City. She wrote revolutionary novels about social injustices. "Gentleman's Agreement" dealt with anti-Semitism, "Tenth Month," on unwed motherhood, "Consenting Adult," on homosexuality. 
    1901 - Birthday of Jeanette Macdonald (d. 1965) in Philadelphia.  She was a very popular U.S. singer-actor best known today for her singing over the ruins of “San Francisco” (1936), duets with Canadian Mounties, and teaming with Nelson Eddy from 1936-42.  She was also an accomplished Broadway and film actor and a fine comedic player. She was one of the top money grossers of her era.
    1902 - An F4 tornado struck the town of Goliad, Texas, killing 114 people. No U.S. tornado disaster of similar magnitude has ever occurred further south than this event.
    1902 - Birthday of Meredith Wilson (d. 1984), composer and lyricist (“The Music Man”), in Mason City, IA.
    1910 – The Earth passed through the tail of Halley’s Comet.
    1911 - Blues Shouter Joseph Vernon “Big Joe” Turner (d. 1985) was born Kansas, City, MO.  He was one of the forefathers of rock 'n' roll.  His 1950's recordings of such songs as "Shake, Rattle and Roll," "Honey Hush" and "Flip, Flop and Fly" are rock 'n' roll classics. But Turner had been singing for more than 20 years when these songs were recorded. In the 1930's, he teamed with boogie-woogie pianist Pete Johnson. Their appearance at John Hammond's famed "Spirituals to Swing" concert in 1938 helped spark the boogie-woogie craze of the time. In 1951, Turner began recording rhythm-and-blues for Atlantic Records. Many of his songs were rock 'n roll hits when recorded by white artists. Bill Haley turned "Shake, Rattle and Roll" into a million-seller in 1954 and Pat Boone had a pop hit with Turner's "Chains of Love" in 1956. In the '60s, Big Joe Turner turned to jazz singing, continuing to perform and record until his death on November 24th, 1985.
    1912 - Perry Como’s (d. 2001) birthday in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania, born Pierino Ronald Como.  A self-described admirer of Bing Crosby, Como copied Crosby's singing style and relaxed approach. He was a barber whose first record, "Goodbye Sue," was a hit in 1943. And so was "And I Love You So," recorded more than 30 years later. His other successes have included "Till the End of Time," "Temptation" and "It's Impossible." On television, Perry Como was the host of "The Chesterfield Supper Club," "The Perry Como Show" and "The Kraft Music Hall." He was perhaps the most popular singer on television in the 1950's.
    1917 - Selective Service Act was passed by Congress allowing conscription for military duty. All males aged 21 to 30 were required to register for military service. At the request of the War Department, Congress amended the law in August 1918 to expand the age range to include all men 18 to 45, and to bar further volunteering.  By the end of World War I, some 2 million men volunteered for various branches of the armed services, and some 2.8 million had been drafted.  This meant that more than half of the almost 4.8 million Americans who served in the armed forces were drafted. Due to the effort to incite a patriotic attitude, the World War I draft had a high success rate, with fewer than 350,000 men “dodging the draft.”
    1917 – The First units of the American Expeditionary Force, commanded by General John J. Pershing, were ordered to France.
    1922 - Trombonist Kai Winding (d. 1983) was born Aarhus, Denmark.  His best-known recording is “More”, the theme from the movie “Mondo Cane”.
    1927 - Grauman's Chinese Theater on Hollywood Boulevard was opened, the first of the Fox chain of movie theaters. The lavish 2,200 seat theater cost $1 million to build. Its first film was shown on this date, Cecil B. DeMille's “King of Kings,” at the high price of $2.00 per seat. It was later renamed Mann's Chinese Theater.
    1927 - Bath, Michigan School Disaster. Andrew Kehoe, seeking revenge against the community for taxes imposed on his farm to pay for a new school, set off a TNT bomb in the school, killing 43 people, including 39 grade-school children. After the explosion, Kehoe killed his wife, then drove his truck back, loaded with dynamite & nails, to the school, and set it off, killing himself and the school superintendent.
    1928 – Actor Pernell Roberts (d. 2010) was born in Waycross, GA.  Roberts played Ben Cartwright's urbane eldest son Adam in the Western television series “Bonanza,” NBC’s longest-running western series ever (14 years) and television’s second-longest behind “Gunsmoke.”  Unlike his brothers, Adam was a university educated architectural engineer.  Roberts, having largely been "a stage actor, accustomed as he was to a rigorous diet of the classics" and to freely move about from part to part, found the "transition to a television series," playing the same character, "without costume changes," a difficult one.”  It was perhaps not surprising that, despite enormous success and in one of television’s worst career moves, he bolted from "Bonanza" after the 1964–65 season, criticizing the show's simple-minded content and lack of minority actors.  It particularly distressed him that his character, a man in his 30's, had to defer continually to the wishes of his widowed father and he reportedly disliked the series itself, calling it — "junk" television and accusing NBC of "perpetuating banality and contributing to the dehumanization of the industry." 
    1931 - Bix Biederbecke joins Casa Loma Band for a date at Metropolitan Hotel, Boston.
    1933 - President Franklin Roosevelt signs the Tennessee Valley Authority Act.  TVA is a federally-owned corporation created by congressional charter to provide navigation, flood control, electricity generation, fertilizer manufacturing, and economic development in the Tennessee Valley, a region deeply affected by the Great Depression. The enterprise was a result of the efforts of Senator George Norris of Nebraska. TVA was envisioned not only as a provider, but also as a regional economic development agency that would use federal experts and electricity to rapidly modernize the region's economy and society.  TVA's service area covers most of Tennessee, portions of Alabama, Mississippi, and Kentucky, and small slices of Georgia, North Carolina, and Virginia. It was the first large regional planning agency of the federal government and remains the largest.
    1933 – The first Major League All-Star Game was announced for July 6 at Comiskey Park, to be played as part of the Chicago World's Fair.
    1934 – The Academy Award was first called Oscar in print, by Sidney Skolsky.
    1934 - Congress approved the Lindbergh Act, making kidnapping a capital offense
    1934 – “Dobie Gillis,” actor Dwayne Hickman, who played the starring role in this TV series of the 1950s, was born in LA.
    1937 – Baltimore Orioles’ Hall of Fame 3B, Brooks Robinson, was born in Little Rock, AR.  He is considered one of the greatest defensive third basemen in Major League history, winning 16 consecutive Gold Glove awards during his 23-year career, tied with pitcher Jim Kaat for the second-most all-time for any player at any position. Robinson was elected to the Hall in 1983.  “Brooksie” played in four World Series, winning two and was an 18-time All-Star.  With Frank Robinson and Jim Palmer, he led the Orioles in the 1960-70s.
    1942 - Birthday of Rodney Dillard in Salem, Missouri.  He is one of the electric bluegrass group, the Dillards. Formed in 1962, the Dillards left their home state for Hollywood where they played a hillbilly band on TV's "Andy Griffith Show." Their albums contained songs by folk and rock composers such as Bob Dylan, and their use of electric instruments helped pave the way for such country-rock groups as the Byrds and the Eagles.
    1942 – New York City ended night baseball games for the duration of the war.
    1944 - The Allies Captured Monte Cassino (you may remember the movie). There had been five Allied attempts to take the German position at The Benedictine Abbey at Monte Cassino. Although the abbey had been reduced to rubble, it served as a bunker for the Germans and they could relay all activity in the area to airplanes and execute giant cannon attacks. In the spring of 1944, Marshal Alphonese Pierre Juin devised an operation that crossed the mountainous regions behind the fortress-like structure, using Moroccan troops of the French Expeditionary Force. Specially trained for mountain operations, they climbed 4,850 feet to locate a pass. On May 15, 1944, they attacked the Germans from behind. On May 18, Polish troops attached to this force and took Monte Cassino.
    1945 - On Okinawa, the US 6th Marine Division, part of US 3rd Amphibious Corps, captures most of the Sugar Loaf Hill, as well as parts of the Half Moon and the Horseshoe positions that overlook it, after several days of bitter fighting. The US 1st Marine Division continues to battle for the Wana River valley and Wana Ridge but fails to eliminate Japanese resistance, even with flame-throwers and tanks in support. Meanwhile, the US 77th and 96th Divisions, parts of US 24th Corps, attack Japanese positions on Flat Peak without success.
    1945 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "My Dreams Are Getting Better All the Time," Les Brown Orchestra/Doris Day.
    1946 - Top Hits
All Through the Day - Perry Como
The Gypsy - The Ink Spots
Shoo Fly Pie - The Stan Kenton Orchestra (vocal: June Christy)
New Spanish Two Step - Bob Wills
    1947 – The Philadelphia A’s catcher Buddy Rosar caught his 147th game without an error, Major League record at the time that has since been broken several times.
    1950 – Phillies 3B Tommy Glaviano made errors on 3 consecutive grounders
    1951 – The United Nations moved into its headquarters in NYC.
    1952 - US / Canada: Which Side Are You on? Paul Robeson, in dramatic defiance of government’s ban on his leaving US soil, standing on a flatbed truck parked one foot inside the US border at the Peace Arch, in Blaine, Washington, speaks and sings to a crowd of 40,000 Canadians & Americans gathered on both sides of the border.
(My father Lawrence Menkin was a recipient of the Paul Robeson Award for producing and writing “Harlem Detective” in the early 1950’s for WOR-TV)
    1952 - Country singer George Strait was born in Pearsall, Texas. Strait's traditional country sound, influenced by Bob Wills, Merle Haggard, George Jones and Hank Williams, began to find favor at the beginning of the 1980's. His rise to popularity was due at least in part to a reaction against the slicker "urban cowboy" sound. Strait is now one of the biggest country stars, with such number-one hits as "Love without End, Amen," "Does Fort Worth Ever Cross Your Mind," "All My Ex's Live in Texas" and "I've Come to Expect It from You." His 1985 "Greatest Hits" album spent more than five years on the charts.
    1953 - Air Force Lieutenant Colonel George I. Ruddell, 51st Fighter-Interceptor Wing, became the 31st ace of the war after making his fifth MiG kill in an F-86 Sabre called "MiG Mad Mavis."
    1953 - The first woman to fly faster than the speed of sound, Jacqueline Cochran, piloted an F-86 Sabrejet over California at an average speed of 652.337 MPH.
    1953 - Robbie Bachman, drummer for Bachman-Turner Overdrive, was born in Winnipeg. The Canadian rock band, which also included Robbie's brothers Randy and Tim on guitars, was internationally popular in the 1970's with such hits as "Blue Collar," "Let It Ride," "Takin' Care of Business" and "You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet," a 1974 million-seller. At its peak, BTO won many polls and honors in the US, as well as seven Juno Awards.
    1954 - Top Hits
“Wanted” - Perry Como
“Little Things Mean a Lot” - Kitty Kallen
“If You Love Me (Really Love Me)” - Kay Starr
“I Really Don’t Want to Know” - Eddy Arnold
    1955 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Cherry Pink and Apple Blossom White," Perez Prado.
    1955 – Just short of a foot of rain fell at Lake Maloya, New Mexico, the state record.
    1956 – On the way to the Triple Crown and MVP, Mickey Mantle hit HRs from both sides of plate for record 3rd time.  He did so a total of 10 times in his career, a record when he retired that has been surpassed since by several hitters.
    1957 - The Chicago White Sox and the Baltimore Orioles played a 1-1 tie, a game called precisely at 10:20pm so that the White Sox could catch a train out of Baltimore. The Orioles’ Dick Williams hit a home run on the game’s last pitch to tie the game and avoid defeat. The game was replayed from the beginning at a later date, and Baltimore won.
    1959 - Wilbert Harrison's recording of Leiber and Stoller's "Kansas City" rose to the top of the Billboard singles chart. Cover versions by Hank Ballard and The Midnighters, Rocky Olson, Rockin' Ronald & The Rebels, and Little Richard all appeared in March of 1959, but the Harrison version was by far the most popular. Further success for Harrison would have to wait until 1970 when "Let's Work Together" made it to number 32 in the US.
    1960 - Salt Lake City, Utah received an inch of snow. It marked their latest measurable snowfall of record.
    1960 - No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: "Cathy's Clown," The Everly Brothers.
    1962 - Top Hits
“Soldier Boy” - The Shirelles
“Stranger on the Shore”- Mr. Acker Bilk
“She Cried” - Jay & The Americans
“She Thinks I Still Care” - George Jones
    1963 - At the first annual Monterey Folk Festival, Bob Dylan joins Joan Baez onstage to duet on his antiwar song "With God on Our Side."
    1963 - Jackie DeShannon makes her television debut, singing "Rock-A-Bye Your Baby" and "Just in Time" on CBS' Jackie Gleason Show.
    1963 - The Beatles begin their third tour of 1963 at the Adelphi Cinema in Buckinghamshire, England, opening for Roy Orbison; within a few days, thanks to growing "Beatlemania," they will be headlining.
    1963 - Lesley Gore's "It's My Party" enters Billboard's Top 40, where it will reach #1. 
    1963 - After hitting #22 the previous year with "Twistin' Matilda", Jimmy Soul reached #1 on the Billboard chart with "If You Wanna Be Happy". It would prove to be his final entry as the follow-up "Treat 'Em Tough" flopped completely, after which Jimmy entered the US Army. 
    1964 – The Supreme Court ruled it unconstitutional to deprive naturalized citizens of citizenship if they returned to their home country for more than 3 years
    1965 - Outer Space: Gene Roddenberry suggests 16 names -- including Kirk -- for Star Trek Captain. It will never fly, say some. And small hand-held devices that you can talk into as if you are on a telephone anywhere, who would believe it? In the “Next Generation”, they were on the shirt that you could turn on with a touch or vocal command or attach to your ear. Unheard of at the time; common today.
    1966 - PH Phactor Jug Band opened at 40 Cedar Alley near Polk and Geary in San Francisco. Does anyone else remember Cedar Alley?
    1966 - *STEWART, JIMMY G., Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Staff Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 2d Battalion, 12th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile). Place and date: Republic of Vietnam, 18 May 1966. Entered service at: Ashland, Ky. Born: 25 December 1942, West Columbia, W. Va. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. Early in the morning a reinforced North Vietnamese company attacked Company B, which was manning a defensive perimeter in Vietnam. The surprise onslaught wounded 5 members of a 6-man squad caught in the direct path of the enemy's thrust. S/Sgt. Stewart became a lone defender of vital terrain--virtually 1 man against a hostile platoon. Refusing to take advantage of a lull in the firing which would have permitted him to withdraw, S/Sgt. Stewart elected to hold his ground to protect his fallen comrades and prevent an enemy penetration of the company perimeter. As the full force of the platoon-sized man attack struck his lone position, he fought like a man possessed; emptying magazine after magazine at the determined, on-charging enemy. The enemy drove almost to his position and hurled grenades, but S/Sgt. Stewart decimated them by retrieving and throwing the grenades back. Exhausting his ammunition, he crawled under intense fire to his wounded team members and collected ammunition that they were unable to use. Far past the normal point of exhaustion, he held his position for 4 harrowing hours and through 3 assaults, annihilating the enemy as they approached and before they could get a foothold. As a result of his defense, the company position held until the arrival of a reinforcing platoon which counterattacked the enemy, now occupying foxholes to the left of S/Sgt. Stewart's position. After the counterattack, his body was found in a shallow enemy hole where he had advanced in order to add his fire to that of the counterattacking platoon. Eight enemy dead were found around his immediate position, with evidence that 15 others had been dragged away. The wounded that he gave his life to protect, were recovered and evacuated. S/Sgt. Stewart's indomitable courage, in the face of overwhelming odds, stands as a tribute to himself and an inspiration to all men of his unit. His actions were in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and the Armed Forces of his country.
    1967 - GRANDSTAFF, BRUCE ALAN,  Medal of Honor
Rank and organization: Platoon Sergeant, U.S. Army, Company B, 1st Battalion, 8th Infantry. Place and date: Pleiku Province, Republic of Vietnam, 18 May 1967. Entered service at: Spokane, Wash. Born: 2 June 1934, Spokane, Wash. Citation: For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity in action at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty. P/Sgt. Grandstaff distinguished himself while leading the Weapons Platoon, Company B, on a reconnaissance mission near the Cambodian border. His platoon was advancing through intermittent enemy contact when it was struck by heavy small arms and automatic weapons fire from 3 sides. As he established a defensive perimeter, P/Sgt. Grandstaff noted that several of his men had been struck down. He raced 30 meters through the intense fire to aid them but could only save 1. Denied freedom to maneuver his unit by the intensity of the enemy onslaught, he adjusted artillery to within 45 meters of his position. When helicopter gunships arrived, he crawled outside the defensive position to mark the location with smoke grenades. Realizing his first marker was probably ineffective, he crawled to another location and threw his last smoke grenade but the smoke did not penetrate the jungle foliage. Seriously wounded in the leg during this effort he returned to his radio and, refusing medical aid, adjusted the artillery even closer as the enemy advanced on his position. Recognizing the need for additional firepower, he again braved the enemy fusillade, crawled to the edge of his position and fired several magazines of tracer ammunition through the jungle canopy. He succeeded in designating the location to the gunships but this action again drew the enemy fire and he was wounded in the other leg. Now enduring intense pain and bleeding profusely, he crawled to within 10 meters of an enemy machine gun which had caused many casualties among his men. He destroyed the position with hand grenades but received additional wounds. Rallying his remaining men to withstand the enemy assaults, he realized his position was being overrun and asked for artillery directly on his location. He fought until mortally wounded by an enemy rocket. Although every man in the platoon was a casualty, survivors attest to the indomitable spirit and exceptional courage of this outstanding combat leader who inspired his men to fight courageously against overwhelming odds and cost the enemy heavy casualties. P/Sgt. Grandstaff's selfless gallantry, above and beyond the call of duty, is in the highest traditions of the U.S. Army and reflects great credit upon himself and the Armed Forces of his country. 
    1967 - Tennessee Governor Ellington approved the repeal of the Butler Act or "Monkey Law", upheld in the 1925 Scopes Trial
    1968 - A tornado outbreak occurred across Illinois, Missouri, Indiana, Ohio, Iowa, and Arkansas. Charles City, Iowa was devastated by a tornado rated F5 with 13 people killed and 30 million dollars damage done. An F4 tornado tracked through Jackson, Craighead, and Mississippi Counties in Arkansas, killing 35 people and injuring 361. 164 homes in Jonesboro were destroyed.
    1968 - Electric Flag played the Late Show at the famed San Francisco Carousel Ballroom.
(To listen)
    1968 - Al Kaline hit his 307th HR, surpassing Hank Greenberg for the Detroit Tiger team HR record.
    1968 - Frank Howard tied the AL record with a HR in his 6th consecutive game; his 10 home runs are the most in 6 games.
    1969 – Apollo 10 began their orbit to circle the moon ten times. 
      1969 – The Klamath tribe wins $4.1 million for loss of Oregon lands during fraudulent government surveys in 1880s. 
    1969 – Birthday of pop singer Martika, whose real name is Marta Marrera. Her “Toy Soldiers” was a number-one record in 1989.
    1969 – No. 1 Billboard Pop Hit: “Get Back,” The Beatles.
    1970 – Actress, writer, comedian, producer Tina Fey was born Elizabeth Stamatina Fey in Upper Darby, PA.  Fey has received eight Emmys, two Golden Globes, five Screen Actors Guild Awards, and four Writers Guild of America Awards and was nominated for a Grammy for her autobiographical book “Bossypants,” which topped The New York Times Best Seller List for five weeks. In 2008, the Associated Press gave Fey the AP Entertainer of the Year award for her satirical portrayal of Republican vice presidential candidate Sarah Palin in a guest appearance on “Saturday Night Live.”
    1970 – Top Hits
“American Woman/No Sugar Tonight” – The Guess Who
“Vehicle” – The Ides of March
“Cecilia” – Simon & Garfunkel
“My Love” – Sonny James
    1974 – “The Streak” started a 3-week run at number one on the “Billboard” pop music chart. The novelty tune by Ray Stevens was about people running nekkid where they shouldn’t be nekkid, like, in public. It was the second number one hit for the comedian who made numerous appearances on Andy Williams’ TV show in the late 1960s, as well as his own show in the summer of 1970. His first number one hit, just prior to “The Streak”, was “Everything is Beautiful”. Both songs won gold records, as did his comedic “Gitarzan”, a top ten hit in 1969. Stevens has been the top novelty recording artist of the past three decades.
    1978 – Top Hits
“If I Can’t Have You” – Yvonne Elliman
“The Closer I Get to You” – Roberta Flack with Donny Hathaway
“With a Little Luck” – Wings
“It’s All Wrong, But It’s All Right” – Dolly Parton
    1978 – “The Buddy Holly Story”, a film starring Gary Busey as Holly, has its world premiere in Dallas. The movie will be a critical and commercial success.
    1980 – 9,677-foot Mt. St. Helens, quiet for 93 years, blew its top. The volcanic blast was five hundred times more powerful than the atomic bomb that leveled Hiroshima. Steam and ash erupted more than eleven miles into the sky and darkened skies in a 160-mile radius. Forest fires erupted around the volcano and burned out of control. The eruption, and those that followed, left some sixty dead and caused damage amounting to nearly three billion dollars.
    1982 - Unification Church founder Reverend Sun Myung Moon convicted of tax evasion.
    1983 - Dr. Sally Ride, 32-year-old with a Ph.D. in physics and pilot's license, becomes the first U.S. woman astronaut in space as a mission specialist aboard space shuttle Challenger, 20 years and two days after the first Russian woman went into space. It would be another 15 years before an American woman became a co-pilot of a U.S. space vessel. It took until 1995 - 32 years later - for American Lt. Col. Eileen Collins to touch the controls of an American spacecraft as co-pilot on a space mission. In 1998, she was named a space mission pilot and is scheduled to lift off her spacecraft in late 1999.
    1985 - Patricia Kimbrell, the first woman admitted to the ranks of the United States Jaycees, was installed as president of the Dallas chapter.
    1985 - The Scottish Rock band Simple Minds make their breakthrough in North America when "Don't You (Forget About Me)” tops the Billboard singles chart. The song was written specifically for the film “The Breakfast Club” and was only the second tune recorded by the group that they did not write.
    1986 - A remake of "Stagecoach," starring Johnny Cash, Willie Nelson, Kris Kristofferson, Waylon Jennings and John Schneider aired on network television. The production apparently was far from smooth, with Nelson walking off the set at one point. The stars all criticized the movie in a "TV Guide" article, with one aide to Cash describing it as being filmed with "a Concorde cast and a crop-duster crew."
    1986 - Top Hits
“Greatest Love of All” - Whitney Houston
“Why Can’t This Be Love” - Van Halen
“What Have You Done for Me Lately” - Janet Jackson
“Ain’t Misbehavin’” - Hank Williams, Jr.
    1987 - Thunderstorms in Kansas, developing along a cold front, spawned tornadoes at Emporia and Toledo, produced wind gusts to 65 mph at Fort Scott, and produced golf ball size hail in the Kansas City area. Unseasonably hot weather prevailed ahead of the cold front. Pomona, NJ reported a record high of 93 degrees, and Altus, OK, hit 100 degrees.
    1988 - A's Dave Stewart breaks a major league record committing his twelfth balk of the season.
    1990 - Thunderstorms produced severe weather in the central U.S. spawning sixteen tornadoes, including a dozen in Nebraska. Thunderstorms also produced hail four inches in diameter at Perryton, TX, wind gusts to 84 mph at Ellis, KS, and high winds which caused nearly two million dollars damage at Sutherland, NE. Thunderstorms deluged Sioux City, IA with up to eight inches of rain, resulting in a record flood crest on Perry Creek and at least 4.5 million dollars damage.
    1991 - Gertrude Belle Elion, co-recipient of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Medicine, became the first woman inducted as a member of the National Inventors Hall of Fame. Elion’s researched to the development of leukemia-fighting drugs and immunosuppressant Imuran, which is used in kidney transplants. 
    1994 - Michael Jackson and Lisa Marie Presley were married in a private ceremony at a judge's home in the Dominican Republic. First word of the marriage came two months later from the judge himself in an interview published in a Dominican newspaper. The Jackson camp denied the story for several weeks. The marriage came after Jackson reached an out-of-court settlement with a teenager who accused the singer of seducing him. Jackson denied the allegations. Presley filed for divorce in January, 1996.
    1995 - Severe thunderstorms spawned 86 tornadoes over the Mississippi and Ohio Valleys, resulting in 4 deaths and 161 injuries. 5 of the tornadoes were rated F4.
    1997 - Tiger Woods wins Byron Nelson Golf Classic
    1998 - The CBS season finale of TV sitcom “Murphy Brown” aired, with the title character, played by Emmy-winner Candice Bergen, giving birth to an illegitimate son. Vice President Dan Quayle publicly lambasted the comedy, saying that the program "glorified" single-parenthood, and that it made a mockery of families with fathers. He went on to comment that "Murphy Brown" lacked the judgment to be a proper role model for young women, and that her actions were immoral. Despite the national unpopularity of his criticisms, Quayle did not back down from his stand against the popular show, providing fodder for many stand-up comics.,1,3019,00.html
    1999 - The Backstreet Boys release their highly anticipated third album, "Millennium." The album goes on to become the best-selling album of the year.
    2000 - Mark McGwire passes Mickey Mantle into eighth place on the all-time home run career list with 539, although The Mick did not have any “help”. 'Big Mac' goes deep three times as the Cardinals beat the Phillies, 7-2.
    2004 - At the age of 40, southpaw Randy Johnson becomes the oldest pitcher to ever throw a perfect game as the Diamondbacks beat the Braves, 2-0. The ‘Big Unit’ joins Cy Young, Jim Bunning, Hideo Nomo and Nolan Ryan as the only hurlers to throw no-hitters in both leagues and creates the longest time span between no-no’s, having first accomplishing the feat against the Tigers in June of 1990.
    2005 - A second photo from the Hubble Space telescope confirmed that Pluto has two additional moons.
    2015 - President Barack Obama banned the use of certain military equipment by police in the wake of recent deaths of unarmed black men by police officers; the move is meant to help communities see police as protectors rather than as an 'occupied force.'


Stanley Cup Champions
    1971 - Montreal Canadiens



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